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The Gospel Messenger 

" THY KINGDOM COME "— 6: io, Luk. u, 

"Till we all attain unto ... the stature o! 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 74 

Elgin, 111., January 3, 1925 

No. 1 

In This Number 

Editorial — 

A Question About Essentials 1 

From Premise to Conclusion, 1 

A Way of Handling the Problem 1 

As to Fellow-Workers, 1 

Among the Churches 8 

Around the World, 9 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 9 

Our Forward Movement— 

The Necessity for Conferences S 

Our Best (Poem) 5 

Our Greatest Need, 5 

Mission Notes (H. S. M.), S 

General Forum- 
Prayer for a Life of Liberty (Poem) 2 

Back to the Sheepfold. By H. F. Richards, 2 

Ten Reasons Why Baptism Is Necessary for Believers. By W. 

G. Nyce 2 

The Hope of the World. By E. B. Hoff 3 

Germany Today. By D. W. Kurtz 3 

Can Yon Read? What Do You Read? By Earl M. Bowman, .. 4 

The Tonic of Distance. By Archer Wallace 4 

The Power of tl. . Ideal. By Vinnic M. Flory 10 

Two Definitions. By Archer Wallace 10 


s Pastor's Study— 

The Spirit of Worship in Church Serv 

Findings in a District Survey. — Part 3. 

:es. By M. W. Emmert, 6 
By the Field Representa- 

Studics on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus.— No. 7. 


Home and Family — 

Just Pray (Poem). By Mary A. Teeter 

Homeless Children.— No. 22. By Dr. S. B. Miller 

The Christian's Race. By Ida M. Helm 

The Guide Book Route. By Rebecca C. Foul* 


A Question About Essentials 

We have a letter from a dear brother in distress, 
mental and spiritual distress. He wants to know 
whether two certain characteristic practices of the 
church are essential to salvation. He evidently thinks 
they are or has thought so in the past. He under- 
stands also that this has been the position of the 
church but from some things he sees he concludes 
that a good many of our people must not think so. 
He is puzzled and wishes to know just how it is. 
And he wants it in black and white, yes or no, with 
no squirming or dodging the issue. He intimates that 
if he doesn't get it that way he will have no further 
use for the Gospel Messenger. 

It is a pathetic case, exceedingly pathetic, because 
his distress is so deep and real, because his case is 
typical of others and because we seem so powerless 
to help him. It would indeed be easy to give him 
the yes or no he asks for and thus insure his continued 
respect for and probable support of the Messenger. 
But that is not the kind of help he needs. In his 
good and honest heart he thinks it is and to give it 
to him would quiet his immediate anxieties, no doubt, 
but it would offer no permanent release from the 
terrible fetters in which his soul is bound and he 
would soon be in trouble again as deep as ever. 

When we put a condition like this alongside of 
another which we shall have occasion to refer to later, 
we confess to a feeling which must be at least a second 
cousin to discouragement. We feel like crying out 
with Paul to the Galatians : " Now that ye have come 
to know God, or rather to be known by God, how 
turn ye back again to the weak and beggarly rudi- 
ments, whereunto ye desire to be in bondage over 
again ? Ye observe days and months and seasons and 
years. I am afraid of you, lest by any means I have 
bestowed labor upon you in vain. . . . For free- 
dom did Christ set us free: stand fast therefore, and 
be not entangled again m a yoke of bondage." 

The disheartening thing about the present situation 
is the rediscovery every now and then that most of 
us are still trying to live our religion by exactly the 
same method that controlled in Judaism, which 
method both Jesus and Paul so vehemently con- 

demned. The only difference is that we have a dif- 
ferent group of doctrines and rites to believe and 
observe from what the Jews had. The principle is 
precisely the same. Salvation meant to the Jews 
national prosperity, and the obedience which was to 
secure this consisted in the most literal observance 
of a large number of rites and rules of conduct. Sal- 
vation means to us a state of future blessedness and 
is to be secured in the same way that the Jews secured 
theirs, except that our rites and rules are in large 
part different from the ones they had. The plan of 
salvation is a body of doctrines to be believed and of 
rites and rules to be observed, and the great problem 
of religion is to determine just what these are. Any 
mistake as to the riumbei; of them or the manner 
of apprehending the doctrines or practicing the rites 
and rules would certainly be fatal to any chances of 

With a conception like that in control, one's religious 
life naturally becomes a galling yoke of bondage, be- 
set with constant and terrible anxieties. We may 
call it Christianity but it is as different from the 
religion of the New Testament as day is from night. 
It is a twin sister of the religion denounced by Paul 
in the letter to the Galatians, and by Jesus in the Ser- 
mon on the Mount. It is a hideous caricature of 
the glorious religion of peace and joy with which 
Christ sets men free. 

The salvation which Jesus offers is indeed a state 
of future blessedness but it is that because it is first 
of all a state of present fellowship with God, a state 
of joyous realization of his forgiving love and pro- 
tecting power, and a sharing in his ideals and char- 
acter. There is much truth to be sought out and 
believed but it can never be adequately expressed in 
any number of doctrinal formulas. Clearer appre- 
hension of it is one of the marks of growth in grace. 
There are many things to be done, " all things," in 
fact, whatsoever Jesus commanded, but it is the 
spirit, not the flesh, that giveth life and this must 
always be the guiding principle in both ritual and rules 
of conduct. To search the Scriptures for that spirit 
and to seek its completer expression in all our forms 
and practices is our daily business but it is not a -hard 
task inspired by a haunting fear of getting something 
wrong; it is the delightful privilege of those who 
hunger and thirst after righteousness. 

Is there any hope, we wonder, that the utter sim- 
plicity of the Gospel may some day break in upon 
the human mind, and that Christians may learn how 
to live in the joyous realization of the freedom it is 
meant to give? Salvation is of the grace of God, 
free and unmerited. You can neither buy it with 
money nor earn it with any amount of good works. 
But it is not and could not be unconditional. Some- 
thing very real and very definite and very compre- 
hensive is essential to salvation. That something is 
human response to the divine initiative. It is laying 
hold of God's gracious proposal made through Jesus 
Christ, by means of a living and loving faith, without 
which one not only forfeits all claim to salvation 
but makes himself incapable of receiving it. For 
" it " is no material thing which can be handed about 
irrespective of human wills. It is a spiritual condition. 

Such a faith carries with it the most exalted privi- 
leges and the most exacting obligations. It links the 
soul with God, opening it to the indwelling of his 
Spirit and filling it with love. And the obligations 
of love are the most exacting which can be conceived, 
for love knows no limit but the limit of its strength. 
It observes " all things." Not in a cold and calcu- 

lating fashion but in the spirit of complete consecra- 
tion, it seeks to put the Spirit of Christ into the whole 
of life. 

What is essential to salvation? "Faith working 
through love." 

From Premise to Conclusion 

" If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit let us also walk." 

How perfectly reasonable! Has anyone anything 
to offer in opposition to this sensible proposal? If 
the Spirit of Christ is indeed the inspiration of our 
life and the source of our power, should not the fact 
be manifest in our conduct, our "walk"? How 
utterly hollow, otherwise, is any profession or assump- 
tion of Spirit guidance! 

The question suggested by the "if" is not only 
legitimate but the logic of the case requires it. If we 
are not walking by the Spirit, the inference is inevita- 
ble that we are not living by the Spirit. The Spirit 
has no place in us at all. 

Of just such simple truisms we need to keep re- 
minding ourselves constantly. 

A Way of Handling the Problem 

Life is a fact. That much is already settled. The 
problem is to handle that fact in the wisest way. ' 

At this juncture comes the religion of Jesus, ad- 
dressing itself to that very problem. His program is 
not an extra something added to human life, a some- 
thing without which life would be simpler and less 
burdensome. It is a method of attacking and solving 
the biggest problem there is, the problem of satisfac- 
tory living. 

This it does most effectively. It is the only thing 
that makes it worth while to be alive. It puts sim- 
plicity, consistency, harmony, beauty, richness, com- 
pleteness, into life. 

Religion isn't addition or complication. It's orienta- 
tion and adjustment. It is finding the center and cir- 
cumference of life's values. It is getting the self 
focused properly. It is right relationship with God 
and man. 

You have life on your hands. What you are going 
to do with it is the question. Jesus Christ proposes 
an answer, the only satisfactory answer. 

As to Fellow-workers 

Was any greater boon ever conferred on mortal 
men than that of being " God's fellow-workers "? 
And yet Paul called himself and his brethren that by 
way of disclaiming any special distinction. He wanted 
the Corinthians to understand that it was God who 
gave the increase. Men like Apollos and himself only 
did the planting and the watering. God himself was 
the Master Culturist. They were but helpers. 

But what an honor! Fellow-craftsmen of the Head 
Artificer of the universe! Wouldn't you be proud to 
have your friends know about your position ? And 
what firm you were working for.? There is a vacancy 
for you right now in that same company. Unless you 
have already filled it. 

And how fine to be with a company that you know 
is succeeding! Nobody likes to be identified with a los- 
ing proposition. Fellow-workers with God may speak 
with perfect assurance of the great success their busi- 
ness is making. The workers are stockholders and the 
stock is all preferred. Returns are guaranteed by the 
perfect efficiency of the management. 

But a fellow-worker is one who works at the same 
business his employer is engaged in. We must not 
forget that. 


' u£ e, 
he- f 








THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


Prayer for a Life of Liberty 

Unveil my eyes that I may see 
All that thou hast in store for me; 
Unstop my ears that I may hear 
Thy kind reproof, or words of cheer. 

Unloose my tongue that I may give 
Thy message, and some soul may live. 
Unbind my feet that they may run 
On Mercy's errands for thy Son. 

Inspire my mind that I may see 
The fullness of thy love for me. 
Anoint my heart that I may £eel 
Thy sympathy with woe or weal. 

Accept and use me in thy way, 

To hasten on the glorious day 

When all the earth shall hear thy Word, 

And know thy Way of Life, O Lord. 

— Howard W. Pope. 

Back to the Sheepf old 


In Luke 2: 20 attention is called to the return 
of shepherds to the sheepfold after their visit to 
Bethlehem to see the new horn Babe. It had been 
a wonderful night. Angels out Christmas caroling 
had broken the stillness with the announcement and 
the hallelujah chorus. The shepherds had mingled 
feelings of joy, fear and expectation. They had 
gone and seen the strange sight, and communicated 
to the humble pair, and perhaps a few others, their 
strange experience. At length age-long expectations 
were to be realized. The hour had struck. 

But the second picture of this scene claims our 
attention just now. The shepherds returned to the 
sheepfold, to the scene of daily toil with its familiar 
sights and routine tasks. In the morning the sheep 
were to be led out over the rugged hillside to spots 
of green between the rocky ledges. The strange 
light had disappeared and the sun shone forth as usual. 
The glorious music had died away and there was only 
the familiar bleating of the sheep mingled with the 
call of the shepherds. Bethlehem was just the same 
humble village yonder, and the gathered multitudes 
had left for their homes. 

What was the reaction after such a great expe- 
rience? We read of Elijah's reaction after the great 
day on Carmel when he fretted with life. I recall 
that when I was a boy one of the outstanding events 
of the year was that of the " all day " communion. 
We looked forward to it with anticipation and enjoyed 
its fellowship and uplift, but felt reluctant to drop 
back into the routine tasks to follow. The clean-up 
day at the church was far less inviting than the 
preparation day. We tend to have something of the 
same feeling following the Annual Conference. How 
is it with Christmas? All have looked forward to it. 
There has been earnest shopping, sending and receiv- 
ing of gifts and greetings, vacation visits by old fire- 
sides, laughing, singing, eating together, new enjoy- 
ment of the Christmas carols, Christmas story, and 
Christmas tree. But when it is over we must 
go back to the sheepfold of the common day. The 
home decorations are down, the tree carried out and 
the tinsel discarded. The store is quiet, for the shop- 
pers are gone and there is the routine of inventory. 
The postal service is burdened with making some 
disposition of thousands of pieces of unclaimed mail. 
The school bells ring and the old course must be re- 
sumed. What happens then? We are told that per- 
haps a majority of men who served in the world war 
and gained fine erectness of bearing have slumped 
back into old time habits, with heads sticking out 
and backs hunched. Old habits are stronger than 
those formed during the brief period of reform. We 
need hardly tell people to be kind, happy and thank- 
ful on or before Christmas; but how about going 
back to the sheepfold of common duty? 

The shepherds returned, happy, joyful, enthusiastic, 

" glorifying God." The light had faded, but its glories 
lighted up the fields. The music had died away but 
its message remained. Through memory and reflection 
the experience of the first Christmas was carried back 
to be an abiding* comfort. The light of that night 
was to be caught up by that " Light which lighteth 
every man coming into the world." No event has 
had so much to do with the calendar, and yet none 
so little as does Christmas. The glorious fact of the 
incarnation of God now has as little to do with the 
calendar as do the laws of gravitation. If imposing 
ceremony, or special program, or date, or vacation 
days compass the significance of Christmas, then one 
may look for uncomfortable reactions to follow its 
celebration. If its significance is rather in a new birth 
of love, fellowship, peace and good will, then Christ- 
mas has a meaning that will last for twelve months in- 
stead of one. The following sentiment is not to be 
despised : 

"Have you any old grudge you'd like to pay? 
And a wrong laid up from a bygone day? 
Gather them all and lay them away 

When Christmas comes. 
Hard thoughts are hard to carry, my friend, 
And life is short from beginning to end; 
Be kind to yourself, leave nothing to mend 

When Christmas comes." 

This is good, but is it less essential in April than 
in December? 

The Christmas of the New Testament is a glorious 
beginning instead of a climax. The story goes on. 
There is the presentation in the temple, the flight to 
Egypt, the home in Nazareth, the public ministry with 
its cheering words: " My joy I leave with you." The 
Acts and Epistles go on telling of its fulfillment. It 
was not only said: "We beheld his glory," but also: 
" Christ liveth in me." 

" 'Tis not enough that Christ was born 
Beneath the star that shone, 
And earth was set that morn 
Within a golden zone. 
He must be born within the heart 
Before he finds his throne, 
And brings the day of love and good, 
The reign of Christlike brotherhood." 

The significance of Christmas rightly appreciated 
is like a subscription to a wholesome magazine — each 
of the twelve months of the year brings fresh in- 

There is no intention of encouraging our putting 
less into Christmas. The occasion has more redeem- 
ing features than any other time of the year. It 
helps to drive away snobbery and selfishness. It 
gives wonderful impetus to good will and to the gen- 
erous spirit. The needy are helped and old friend- 
ships are renewed and the very atmosphere seems 
aglow with divine love. - This is rather to encourage 
us to put more of Christmas into all the days, to take 
it with us to the sheepfold, to use it not merely as 
a place to camp over night, but the spirit of Christ- 
mas as a companion and guide on the year's journey. 
Before us the new year stretches with its adventures, 
risks, and routine tasks incidental to living. In the 
sheepfold and on the plain there may be beasts to 
fight. There may be drying brooks and -scant pas- 
tures. There may be perplexing problems to be met 
and sorrows to be borne. There may be hands going 
up in despair. Strength for duty, courage for dan- 
gers and hardships, cheer in shadows, victory in con- 
quests, these are for those who put the Christmas 
significance into 1925. 

But there is more. New ventures are to be made 
in the cause of peace and good will. Its greatest 
victories are yet to be won. Lincoln said as he stood 
before the awe-stricken multitude at Gettysburg: 
" We here highly resolve that these dead shall not 
have died in vain." Can we say of the Bethlehem 
Babe : " We highly resolve that he shall not have 
been born in vain " ? So we celebrate the event not 
simply with tinsel and sweets, but with unqualified 
devotion to the promotions of its cause of reclaiming 
humanity from its sordidness and selfishness. As 
we go back to our sheepfold, let us hang a Christmas 

wreath on every bush, over the door of each home, 
of each office, store, -shop and factory, and ori the 
walls of the state house. 
McPherson, Kan. 

Ten Reasons Why Baptism Is Necessary for 


It is asserted that baptism is an essential act of 
obedience for all believers in Jesus Christ, and for 
believers only. And that it is not necessary, nor de- 
signed, for infants. 

Though we are in a time of contradictory customs, 
and ah absence of teaching on the subject, many are 
more or less impressed by the Scriptural declarations 
of the necessity of this ordinance. For all such, the 
following reasons for its observance are set forth : 

(1) Baptism is linked with belief, as a requisite 
of salvation, by Jesus himself: "He that believeth, 
and is baptised, shall be saved " (Mark 16: 16). This 
utterance alone is quite sufficient to make every true 
believer ready and willing to obey the Master's com- 
mand, especially as he reinforced it by his own ex- 
ample, going down into the water to submit to it. His 
great command to evangelize the world included thfs 
direct teaching : " Baptizing them into the name of the 
Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost " (Matt. 

(2) Submission to baptism lifts us at once out of 
the class of the rebellious, whom he describes in Luke 
6: 46: "Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the 
things which I say ? " We become doers of the Word, 
and not hearers only. 

(3) It is a divinely appointed means for the ap- 
plication of the atoning blood of Christ. We are saved 
by faith in that blood. " Faith " means believing in 
every provision made regarding it. To believe in the 
power of the blood is to believe in the Bible directions 
for coming in contact with it. Symbolically we come 
in contact with it when we are baptized into his death. 
In his death his blood was shed. In. Rom. 6:3 we 
read : " Know ye not that so many of us as were 
baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his 
death? " 

(4) This holy symbol God has ordained to be 
significant of our new life in Christ as believers: 
" Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into 
death : that like as Christ was raised up from the dead . 
by the glory of the Father, even so we also should 
walk in newness of life " (Rom. 6:4). To refuse the 
ordinance, in the light of this teaching, is to raise a fair 
question whether you have a new life — or have been 
buried with Christ — or have faith — or are a believer. 

(5) The rising from the water of baptism is a re- 
assurance of the promise of the resurrection. It is 
a constant reminder to all beholders of God's promise 
that in Christ we have everlasting life. Baptism thus 
becomes a necessary testimony to the world. " Buried 
with him in baptism, wherein also ye are' risen with him 
through the faith of the operation of God, who hath 
raised him from the dead" (Col. 2: 12). 

(6) It is the typical cleansing prescribed for be- 
lievers by the Lord himself. His blood cleanses us; 
that is, by faith in it and acceptance, as shown before. 
Thus also his Word cleanses us — if we believe it. 
This particular command is the working of that cleans- 
ing Word, and its operation is shown in Eph. 5 : 26 : 
" That he might sanctify and cleanse it [his church] 
with the washing of water by the word. " Note the 
command of Ananias to Saul of Tarsus in Acts 22 : 
16: "And now, why tarriest thou? arise, and be bap- 
tized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of 
the Lord. " Titus 3 : 5 is still another similar exhorta- 
tion: "Not by works of righteousness which we have 
done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the 
washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy 
Ghost. " 

(7) The new birth, or regeneration, referred to in 
the last scripture, is bound fast to baptism in the 
Master's instruction to Nicodemus, who wanted to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 

the way "into the Kingdom. " Jesus answered, 
y, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born 
mater and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the 
igdom of God " (John 3:5), 
f>' (8) The Holy Spirit is here introduced as another 
great reason why a believer must be baptized. " Then 
Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every 
one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the re- 
mission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the 
Holy Ghost" (Acts 2:38). "For the remission of 
sins, " he says, indicating that the forgiveness of God 
is dependent upon your faith in the flood of his Son 
— to be shown unmistakably by your willingness to 
obey him. And then the Spirit is promised. 

(9) Remember also the story of the wedding gar- 
ment. It is important to be properly clothed when we 
stand before the King. Ponder then these words: 
" For as many of you as have been baptized into 
Christ Itave put on Christ" (Gal. 3:27). Is not this 
the needed wedding garment? 

(.10) Christ alone saves us. But the manner and 
the method which his divine wisdom has chosen, and 
set forth in the preceding scriptures, justify Peter in 
saying that this is a saving ordinance. There is a sense 
in which baptism (as the agency of Christ) saves us. 
He says it is as essential to the believer as the ark was 
to Noah! "The like figure whereunto even baptism 
doth also now save us (not the putting away of the 
filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience 
toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ" 
(1 Pet. 3:21). 

Finally, be it remembered that the word " baptism " 
is not an English word, but a Greek word taken over 
without translation from the original, and means in our 
Bible just what it means in the Greek language— a 
plunging under the water, an immersion. Jesus "came 
up out of the water. " The eunuch " went down into 
the water." And all the words used in the various 
texts referring to this ordinance, such as "burial," 
" planting, " " cleansing, " " washing, " require immer- 
sion, which alone is baptism. When Christ commands 
baptism, he commands a literal immersion of the literal 
body under literal water. Thus he performs in reality 
what is symbolized by the act, the cleansing of our 
souls by his precious blood. 
Pottstown, Pa. 

And he that ariseth to rule over the Gentiles; 

On him shall the Gentiles hope. 

Now the God of hope fill you with all joy 
and peace in believing, that ye may abound in 
hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit. (Rom. 
15: 8-13, from Psa. 18: 49; Deut. 32: 43; Psa. 
117: 1, and Isa. 11: 10.) 

next to the scenic beauty of Switzerland, the most 
beautiful country in Europe. Germany is always 
clean, having no weeds or rubbish, no disorder of any 
kind ; all is in spick and span order from one end to the 

The outstanding difference that I noticed was the 
lack of soldiers. On my previous visits I saw sol- 



The psalms abound in strains of hope, and just diers on every street corner, because Germany had 
here let us introduce our study of the prophets by a . 800,000 men under arms in times of peace. There 

The Hope of the World 

The Message of the Prophets 

The more we know the Hebrew prophets the more 
we marvel at their worth. Their messages stand 
high in the literature of the world ; their contribution 
to the historical annals is more evident day by day as 
the archives of archeology are opened, and in moral 
value they have no peers prior to the coming of 
Christ in the gospel era. 

A unique phase of this moral worth is their keen 
sense of hope for the salvation of the Gentile world. 
This hope is the development of the rich promise 
made to Abraham. While the prophets on the one 
hand were hopeful, Israel at large' was on the other 
hand very narrow and clannish. So cold was Israel 
to the rest of the world that it. was very difficult for 
the apostle Paul, even in his day, to lead the people 
out of their fog into the light of the truth. He appeals 
to them through their own prophets when he says: 
For I say that Christ hath been made a min- 
ister of the circumcision for the truth of God, 
that he might confirm the promises given unto the 
fathers, and that the Gentiles might glorify God 
for his mercy; as it is written, 

Therefore will I give praise unto thee among 

the Gentiles, 
And sing unto thy name. 
And again he saith. 
Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people. 
And again, 

Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles ; 
And let all the peoples praise him. 
And. again, Isaiah saith, 
There shall be the root of Jesse, 

psalm of hope: 

God be merciful unto us, and bless us, 

And cause his face to shine upon us; 

That thy way may be known upon earth, 

Thy salvation among all nations. 

Let the peoples praise thee, O God; 

Let all the peoples praise thee. 

Oh let the nations be glad and sing for joy; 

For thou wilt judge the peoples with equity, 

And govern the nations upon earth. 

Let the peoples praise thee, O God; 

Let all the peoples praise thee. 

The earth hath yielded its increase: 

God, even our own God, will bless us. 

God will bless us; 

And all the ends of the earth shall fear him. 

All the ends of the earth shall remember and 

turn unto Jehovah; 
And all the kindreds of the nations shall worship 

before thee. 
For the kingdom is Jehovah's; 
And he is the ruler over the nations. 
All the fat ones of the earth shall eat and wor- 
All they that go down to the dust shall bow 

before him, 
Even he that cannot keep his soul alive. 
A seed shall serve him; 

It shall be told of the Lord unto the next gen- 
They shall come and shall declare his righteous- 
Unto a people that shall be born, that he hath 

done it. 
Yea, all kings shall fall down before him; 
All nations shall serve him. 
For he will deliver the needy when he crieth, 
And the poor, that hath no helper. 
He will have pity on the poor and needy, 
And the souls of the needy he will save. 
He will redeem their soul from oppression and 

violence ; 
And precious will their blood be in his sight : 
And they shall live; and to him shall be given 

of the gold of Sheba: 
Kings of the earth and all peoples; 
Princes and all judges of the earth; 
Both young men and virgins; 
Old men and children: 
Let them praise the name of Jehovah; 
For his name alone is exalted; 
His glory is above the earth and the heavens. 
(Psa. 67: 1-7; 22: 27-31; 72: 11-15- 148: 11-13.) 
Maywood, III. 

were not only soldiers present, but a spirit of mili- 
tarism in every phase of life. Today this is changed. 
No more the proud, haughty, militaristic spirit, that 
seems to seek for an insult so as to have an excuse 
for a duel, but a quiet, sensible atmosphere, as the 
people go about their duties. 

The crops looked unusually fine. Between Dresden 
and Berlin, especially, the crops looked bounteous; 
in fact I never saw better crops anywhere. One is 
tempted to ask at once, " If the crops are so good 
why are Germans starving? " The answer is simple. 
At best, Germany can not raise more than two-thirds 
as much food as she needs. Germany has a popula- 
tion of over 63,000,000 and she has much timber 
land, quite a few mountains, and her rivers and cities 
take some room. The whole area of Germany is 
about the size of Texas, and it stands to reason that 
her cultivated soil can not maintain more than about 
40,000,000 out of her 63,000,000 people. 

Why is there starvation in Germany? Again the ( 

answer is simple. Germany is largely an industrial , 

nation. But many of her factories are running only 
part time, and very many not at all. Hence a large 
number of her people have no employment and can , 

not buy food. This is the simple fact and fully ex- 
plains the hunger situation. When I was in Berlin, 
over 20,000 children were being fed by charity, some 
of which was the gift of America, but about 90 per 
cent of it was supplied by Germany. In the Erz 
Gebirge a similar situation existed, and in almost every 
industrial center in Germany. 

All produce, food, clothing, etc., were high. The 
German mark was on a gold standard. The new 
paper mark is called the Renten mark. It takes one 
trillion of the old paper marks to buy one Renten 
mark or a gold mark. We found that food was ex- 
pensive and therefore the great difficulty to fee;' 
those who were out of work. 

The political conditions in Germany were as fol- rc j er 
lows: Germany has twenty-five political parties, but. moer 
only three main parties of real strength. First, the, ea fl et 
Social-Democratic party which is in power. The ex- 
treme opposite of this party is the Nationalist party, 
or as it is often called, " The Kaiser Party " or the 
Militarist party. Between these two is the Centrum 
party, which is the Roman Catholic party. This 
party must be reconciled before any legislation can 
pass at all. No one can get a majority without their aid. 
The attitude of the Social-Democrats toward the 




reparation question was 

stated to me something like 

Germany Today 


this: "We lost the war, we should pay, and we can 
pay. But we must have a chance to do so. What 
we need is the Dawes plan. Not because we like the 
plan, but because it is the only plan that could be 
adopted. If the Dawes plan is adopted then (1) we 
can get credit; (2) we can run our factories; (3) we 
can feed our people; (4) that will quiet the discon- 

had the privilege in August, to travel a thousand tent among the people; and, (5) the government w.U 
1 HAD " - • sta nd. Otherwise, the discontent wilt continue, and 

miles through Germany. Naturally, I compared the 
Germany of today with what I saw on my previous 
trips to that country. In 1908-9 I spent fifteen months 
in Germany, and in 1911 I revisited that country. 
This summer I traveled from Switzerland to Munich, 
Nuremberg, Dresden, Berlin, and then back toward 
Switzerland ' again, seeing on the way Wittenberg, 
Leipzig, Weimar, Eisenach, Frankfurt, and Worms 
to Basel. 

The general appearance of the country was fine. 
The crops were excellent, the cities clean, the parks 
kept up as usual, the stores inviting, and the people 
courteous. In a superficial way one could tell no dif- , 

ference between the country then and now. Germany mine d, and Germany freed from the blame of causmg 
always was a very beautiful country, and she is today, ( °„ P«< ») 

the government will fall, then either the Kaiser party 
or Bolshevism will come into power." 

The Nationalist party saw the problem differently. 
" We are opposed to the Dawes plan or any plan 
whatsoever. We agree to no settlement as long as 
the Versailles Treaty is not revised, and the accusa- 
tion against Gefmany removed. The Treaty states 
that Germany is the ' sole cause of the war. winch 
is not true. Anyone in Germany who is ready to make 
settlement with the Allies without having this dis- 
grace removed is not loyal to the Fatherland. \\ e 
agree to nothing until the cause of the war is deter- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


Can You Read? What Do You Read? if you would be strong, for the man who has some- the garbage of human life? Why nose around '■ ome ' 

nv iukl a. bowman tnin g worth while to say will not be satisfied until 

Any really great book is alive. You cannot tell he has !t in a book in Permanent form. 

me that buys and worms which crawl on people and Personal association with the right sort of friends 

make them jump haye life, but that books which ' s °' high value. There is nothing on any printed 

move, stir, and fire human hearts to noble aspiration P a S e equal to the same word made flesh where this 

rotten apples for a possible good bite when thei 


and action and heroic duty are dry and dead and 
without life. 

When the veins of an invalid are scantily supplied 
with the red life-fluid the surgeons today can open 
the veins of some strong, healthy, vigorous nature, 


whole boxes of splendid red-cheeked fruit star, 
alongside? I do not want to read a book which lea 
a bad taste in my mind any more than I want t 
eat a spoiled oyster that leaves a bad taste i 
is accessible. But books open to us a wider range mouth. 

of associations. All lands, all periods, all levels of " When thou comest bring with thee the books, 
society are open to us through literature. The house especially the parchments," said the older man to his 
I live in is a very modest affair when you walk past young friend upon whom he was always urging the 
and look at it from the outside. But kings, queens, importance of sound and thorough intellectual devel- 
and by transfusion of blood, save life and restore P ° etS ' P r0 P hets . saints . se ers, heroes, martyrs, orators, opment as well as a life of integrity. As the young 
health. In the same vital way when you take up the art,sts ' Poachers and reformers have been living with man sets out for Rome, where the older man is in 
book of some large, wise, healthy soul who ranks me here ' Men and women who have been doing prison, he is asked to bring along material for further 

things political, commercial, scientific and religious study. Any book that is worth carrying to Rome 
have given me the benefit of personal acquaintance and worthy of being taken into the capital and center 
with them in my home through good books. of a man's own mind and heart ought' to be one into 

I have heard Tennyson sing at my own fireside! which some large mind, some great soul has put his 
I have heard Burke, Bright, Webster, and Phillips best. Here is a book that is worth while. Into it 
move the people by their matchless orations ! I have some serious, resourceful, aspiring man has put his 
heard Macaulay describe the trial of Warren Hast- trues t thought, his deepest insight, his highest resolve, 
ings and Carlyle portray the tragedies of the French hi s holiest yearning! 
Revolution. I have had Dickens tell me stories which 
stretched out for weeks 

among the immortals, and possess yourself of it, mak- 
ing it your own by reading it until you see as the 
author saw, feel what he felt, aspire to what he 
aspired to before you, you have accomplished that 
mental tran-. fusion which is the highest phase of read- 

Can You Read? 

When I get close to a man, therefore, I always feel 
like asking him in a whisper, and confidentially of 
course: "Can you read?" By that I do not mean 
merely taking a page of print and pronouncing the 
words, some of them right and others wrong. Almost 
anything that walks on two feet and has hands can 
do that, for the percentage of actual illiteracy in this 
country is very small. But can you read and know 
what it is all about and how it bears on other things 
you have read? Can you see three tilings on a page 

It may be history, or biography, or poetry, or phi- 

I have heard Beecher, losophy, or science or religion, travel or romance — I 

Bushnell, Robertson, and Phillips Brooks preach. care n °t what, if it comes from the hand, mind, heart, 

I know some of these people ever so much better and the soul of a master ! It will stretch my mind and 

than many of the people who live a block, away on stir my heart as I strive to take its message into my 

my own street. Speak the word " Lincoln," " Glad- hfe. " Bring it to me," I say to my purse or to the 

stone," " Milton," " Tennyson," " Shakespeare," or attendant at the library, or to my friend who will 

" Huxley," and they are not words — they are men ! loan it to me 1 I need it as Paul of old felt the need 

I never saw anyone of them, for they all died before of books and parchments which were carried to Rome. 

separately with close discrimination and then see them I Was born ' yet thr °ugh 'heir books they have come Philadelphia, Pa. 

in their mutual relations so that you can organize 
them? Can you organize other groups of three with 
them until you build an intellectual system? Can you 
read in such a way that you think, and finally produce 
something with the look and taste of your own mind 
upon it? Can you read history, biography, travel, 
philosophy, poetry, fiction, science and religion until 
you know man's ways in the large, his gait and general 
direction, so that you can strike the trail of human 
progress anywhere and follow it? It is verily a great 
accomplishment to be able to read. One man in a 
hundred, perhaps, takes the trouble to learn how to 
read, and he will be heard from. 

You will see many men wdio think they are read- 
ing when really they are merely looking at print. 
They will sit and look at the print in some bulky, 
flabby Sunday paper for an hour, or three hours ; per- 
haps, at some poor, flashy novel which today is yelling 

to me and I have spent whole evenings in their com- 
panionship until a splendid share of the inspiration 
they hold has passed into my own mind and heart. 
Enlarge your bookshelves for you enlarge your life 
if you read good books and make them your own by 
vital assimilation. \'ou can go back and live "in all 
the great periods of history. You can go and live 
in other, lands which you have never visited as yet. 
Read what is worth while with patience, concentra- 
tion, continuity and it builds your life out and out and 
up as no amount of hasty scanning of popular trash 
can ever do. 

What and How to Read 

Read mainly the great books. When I walk through 
large department stores I always feel thankful that 

there are so many things in this world which I do lookls harmful. 

not want. And when I walk through great' libraries 

where there are "stacks" that hold hundreds upon 

thousands of volumes, I always feel happy in thinking 

that there are carloads of books that I have no call 

The Tonic of Distance 


A young student went to an oculist recently and 
complained of trouble with his eyes. He thought he 
needed strong glasses. After a careful examination 
the oculist said : " You do not need glasses but dis- 
tance. You have been spending nearly all your time 
in a small room with your eyes glued to* books. Get 
out into the open air and let your eyes rest and strength- 
en themselves by looking over great distances. " Eyes 
were made for distances. Like other bodily organs 
they quickly deteriorate and decay if they have no 
chance to sweep the horizon. A limited range of out- 

at us from the newsstand, a month from now being 

put aside because people are not asking for it, and 

which a year from now is never mentioned because 1 T7 u T ^ ^ "^ * feW ° f a " 

nobody remembers ever having read it. You see the . books there are at best . and th ere are not so many 

men and women looking at that sort of print for 
hours on Sunday or through whole week day evenings. 
They merely want something to lean their feeble 
minds upon tj> save them from Jhe effort of think- 
ing. This is not reading. There is no transfusion 
of lifeblood taking place. Why spend time on inferior 
stuff when there is so much first-class material with- 
in reach of all unread! 

What Do You Read? 

I deplore the intemperate newspaper habit into 
which so many people have fallen. It leads to in- 
tellectual degeneracy. Ninety-nine one-hundredths of 
all that appears in the daily papers is the thinnest kind 
of gruel. It is diluted thought! Of course, every 
man must take a daily newspaper in order to keep 
abreast with the times, but ten minutes a day is ample 
time to possess yourself of all of worth they contain, 
unless something very unusual has occurred. Fif- 
teen to twenty minutes on each is sufficient time to 
spend with a weekly journal. T-wenty-five minutes 
to one-half hour is enough to spend with a monthly 
magazine. The best reading is not to be found in 
these periodicals which today are. but which to- 
morrow morning fcindle the fire or are 

truly great books but that you can read most of them. 
Read some of the great histories. Read some of the 
great biographies. Read the nature books by master 
hands, not those by fakirs or apprentices. And in 
all your reading you will be stupid if you do not learn 
to read, understand and enjoy the greatest of all books. 
If you find the Bible dull reading it means you have 
not taken the pains to learn how to read it. 

How read? Read thoroughly on some one period 
of the world's life until you actually live in it. Read 
as often as you can with some definite purpose in 
mind, such as the preparation of a speech or address 
or essay. Read not so much to gain information as 
for intellectual and moral stimulus: you can get 
the information all cut and dried in the encyclopedia. 
Read in this mood and the great books will increas- 
ingly enable you to think out your own ideas. One 
soon tires of a book that does not make him feel like 
getting up and walking the floor under the impulse 
of some large vision of truth and passion for good- 
ness. You want a book that will arouse and move 
you. You cannot afford in the face of the noble, 
inspiring, stimulating books there are to read, to waste 
time on a weak or bad book. Those decadent novels 

wrapped and problem plays— you say " they deal with 

! " Rca " *** b00ks wl »<* tarn Pha- of life." Well, so does my garblge buc ■ 

have won a place m the .mmortal category instead of I have one in my hack yard, but I do not care to elt 

spendmg so many hours on papers and magazines, out of it. Why/therefore, seek to feed your mild ™ 

The mind needs tlie tonic of distance. Too close 
application to business or household duties has nar- 
rowed many an otherwise mobile mind. That is why 
so many great and busy men have made time to in- 
dulge in recreations that to some people seem very 
frivolous. One European statesman revels in golf and 
no doubt there are scores ready to join him. A Prime 
Minister boasts that he can grow the finest roses in 
Europe while an Italian leader decorates his rooms with 
the prizes he takes for his cabbages. 

These men evidently realize that the mind needs 
variety and change. They withdraw from immediate 
contact with their vocations in order to survey 
their work from a distance. They seek what some one 
has called " Periodic intellectual detachment from the 
spheres of their activity " — high-sounding words, but 
very true. 

When William Carey mended shoes in the tiny shop 
at Kettering he kept a map of the world on the wall be- 
fore him. That is an interesting picture. The man 
cobbling shoes, hemmed in with scarcely enough room 
in which to turn around, but stealing occasional glances 
at the map which kindled his imagination and made 
him think of the millions in the regions beyond. 

The soul needs the tonic of distance. There is an 
interesting as well as a somewhat pathetic sentence in 
Paul's letter to Timothy : " Demas hath forsaken me, 
having loved this present world. " That is where the 
power of the world lies. It is so present, so much with 
us. Its chief seduction lies in that it is here, palpable, 
to be had now. Men need much faith and strength of 
character to put aside a present good for some prospect 
that seems better but which is far-off. Only men of 
faith are willing to endure hardship for a future good. 

(Continued on Page 12) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

teral Director of the Council of Promotio 

The Necessity for Conferences 

There is every reason why any society should be 
unified in' its objectives and measurably agreed in the 
methods of arriving at these goals. Division of senti- 
ment and varied individual ideas are always to be 
expected and indeed such differences may be helpful 
by raising problems from every angle in trying to dis- 
cover the most strategic place to drive stakes toward 
which- we mean to travel. But. when leaders of the 
same society disagree, refuse to give and take and 
definitely advance toward divergent goals, then intol- 
erant sects are sure to form and disintegration of the 
society follows swiftly. 

Paul condemned in no uncertain terms this condi- 
tion at Corinth and we do well to heed the exhortation 
of the apostle. With becoming gravity he writes: 
" Now I beseech you, brethren, through the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, 
and that there be no divisions among you ; but that ye 
be perfected together in the same mind and in the 
same judgment. " 

This champion of the cross trembled on hearing the 
story of contentions so sharp, selfish and sundering. 
To the members of this church, Paul, Apollos, Peter 
and even Christ, because of certain characteristics of 
each, became ground for jealousy, selfish pride and 
destructive bickerings. Paul saw the inevitable and 
with a courage peculiar to the man wrote this remedial 
letter " lest the cross of Christ should be made void " 
in their lives. 

I suppose no denomination of believers has been en- 
tirely free from contention. In fact contention is not 
a bad thing. Jude exhorted " to contend earnestly for 
the faith which was once for all delivered unto the 
saints. " The content of the contention and the spir- 
it which governs it decide the merit or demerit. Only 
when contention culminates in strife, seditions, and 
division does it become dangerous. Therefore, con-' 
tentions within a denomination may be illuminating 
or destroying depending upon the principles involved 
and the attitudes manifested. In the letter to the 
Philippians, Paul speaks of two classes of contenders 
thus: " Some indeed preach Christ, even of envy and 
. strife; and some also of good will: the one do it of 
love, knowing that I am set for the defence of the 
gospel; but the other proclaim Christ of faction, not 
sincerely, thinking to raise .up affliction for me in my 
bonds. " 

The ground for contention abides and hence the 
causes for division may easily abound. A number of 
facts contribute to this. First, good has its opposite. 
The devil as a roaring lion, as a wily serpent or as a 
cunning deceiver is ready to deceive, poison and de- 

Second, we- have many classes of people in the 
world. Several races with their racial peculiarities. 
Different nationalities with their national environ- 
ments. The country and city folk in the same na- 
tion. Differences of educational advantages, a varia- 
tion of ages and also vast gradation of possible at- 
tainments everywhere— all of which contribute to al- 
most an endless number of problems. 

Third, the many diversified concepts of God: his 
character, attributes and attitudes. Some have a ma- 
• terialistic philosophy of God which almost deper- 
sonalizes him. Others have an anthropomorphic phi- 

tions from alpha to omega and hence a variation of 
interpretations how God attitudes himself toward man 
and things, and how he would have man attitude him- 
self toward his fellbws and the things about him and 
thus unto God himself. 

Because of these numberless relationships and mul- 
tiform environments, conditions are constantly aris- 
ing about us demanding an interpretation of what our 
Father's attitude would be. Some would find that at- 
titude quickly, others would search much longer to dis- 
cover his will. To a certain class the epistles, and es- 
pecially Paul's writings, are carefully followed. To 
another class the Gospel accounts are alone competent 
to decide. One group would use a single scripture 
regardless of the context or related texts. Another 
group would carefully survey all that is said on a 
givei] subject before venturing to interpret God's will. 
All of these classes may be equally sincere, but a 
variety of interpretations would be given nevertheless. 

Our Best 

God wants our best. He in the far-off ages 

Once claimed the firstling of the flock, the finest of tin 

And still he asks his own, with gentlest pleading, 
To lay their highest hopes and brightest talents at his feel 
He'll not forget the feeblest service, humblest love; 
He only asks that of our store, we give the best we have 

Christ gives the best. He takes the hearts we offer 

And fills them with his glorious beauty, joy, and peace 

And in his service, as we're growing stronger 

The calls to grand achievement still increase. 

The richest gifts for us, on earth or in the heaven above, 

Are hid in Christ. In Jesus we receive the best we have. 

And is our best too much? O friends, let us remember . 
How much our Lord poured out his soul for us, 
And, in the prime of his mysterious manhood, 
Gave up his precious life upon the cross. 
The Lord of lords, by whom the worlds were nude, 
Through bitter grief and tears, gave us the best be bail. 
—Charles A. Cook, in The Larger Stewardship-. 

Now that we have differences of opinion within our 
own denomination what should we as men of God do 
about it? Shall we parade our differences from pulpit 
and press until the whole membership is in commotion ? 
Is there not danger right now of missing entirely the 
central mission of the church as we exhaust our en- 
ergy and use our time on subsidiary matters? Can 
we not see that in times of agitation there is grave 
danger that we will lose our heads and bring reproach 
on the cross of Christ? 

' Why not, at our Annual Conference this year, re- 
quest the moderator to call all elders and ministers 
present into a Conference for the purpose of inquir- 
ing of the Lord about this matter? I dare say that as 
the ministry goes the membership will' go. What a 
responsibility 1 As ministers are we sufficient for this 
trust? For our own sakes and for theirs we as min- 
isters should take time in Conference through prayer 
and interchange of ideas to discover the will of the 
Lord concerning any and all problems now disturbing 
our church. Legislation will not unite us. Only as we 
discover and imbibe the spirit and attitude of our 
Lord may we hope for unity and harmony, Dare we 
shirk our duty? ~»- 

early disciples. Our problems are just as momentous 
as were theirs. Our difficulties are just as apparent 
as were theirs. We have the same adversary. Oh, 
church, with one voice let us cry, " Lord, teach us 
to pray ! " 

We need prayer more than we need machinery and 
church methods. Methods are important and organi- 
zation is essential ; much more important and essen- 
tial than many of our members are willing to admit, 
but as helpful as right methods are they are far from 
being as indispensable as is a devout prayer life. 

Some tell us that the greatest need of the church 
is mure emphasis on the distinctive doctrines of our 
denomination. Doctrine is important — some more 
important than others ; hut above and beyond all doc- 
trine wc need in our church a revival of prayer. 

Sincere devout prayer is born of the Spirit. It 
announces humility of spirit and dependence upon 
divine favor. I am aware that many are bold to say 
that one had better roll up one's sleeves and do some- 
thing for a needy world than bend one's knee and 
spend time in prayer. However, is it not true that 
only as we are filled with his Spirit can we be filled 
with his love, his power, his wisdom and his passion? 
And is it not true that only those who make request 
can be filled with Spirit? And only as we are Spirit 
led will our hearts respond to the doctrines of God, 
create worth-while methods of promotion, and con- 
secrate money to spread the good news. Prayer will 
set us right. Let us pray without ceasing. 


Our Greatest Need 

greatest need today is not money. 


losophy which all but humanizes him. Still others 

hold a spiritualistic philosophy which personifies but money is needed ^^'(Z «£„ „ wining 
holds the thought of God as being absolute in holiness ■ 
and goodness but acting always as a merciful Father. 
Imagine now the multiplied concepts as these three 
outstanding ideas intermingle in a variety of degrees 
in the different individuals. I suppose all of us will 
admit that Jesus only had a clear definite conception 
of God, and hence he alone fairly demonstrated the 
mind and will of God. In humanity there are grada- 

Mission Notes 

The January issue of the Missionary Visitor con- 
tains a splendid article by J. M. BTough, on " Strategic 
Points and Opportunities in Village Evangelism. " Al- 
so you will find the statistics of the membership of the 
India church on page 19. 

Facts — facts abuut missions — every member of the 
church deserves and ought to know them. The Gener- 
al Mission Board is issuing monthly Fact Leaflets dur- 
ing 1925 for distribution to every member of the 
Church of the Brethren. The missionary committees 
should write to the General Mission Board and order 
enough to distribute Fact Leaflets to every member 
Isolated members may have the monthly Fact Leaflet 
sent to them. The leaflet for January is entitled: 

The Manchester church, Indiana, reports a won- 
derful Christmas occasion in which they raised $725 
for missions. They repeated their plan of last year 
by which they sought to encourage every member of 
the church and Sunday-school to contribute at least a 
dollar. It was urged that the adults should give the 
children work so they could earn a dollar to contribute. 
The membership of the church is about 730, so they 
have reached their goal. This makes over $5,000 they 
have contributed for general mission work in the past 
ten months. 

The poverty of the rural people where our churches 
are located in India keeps them from more rapidly be- 
coming a self-supporting church. It is exceedingly dif- 
ficult for the native Christians to get ahead enough to 
become landowners. Ordinarily they have to pay 
exorbitant rates to borrow money. The Mission is 
planning to secure money to loan at 6% to the most 
worthy Christians. Here is a chance for investors to 
loan money that is considerably safer than most oil 
stock investments, and at the same time help in the 
establishment of the India church. Title for the land 
will not pass to the Christians buying the land until 
it is completely paid for. H. s. M. 

of it is needed than the average 
to «ive Deficits constantly haunt us and send chills 
of thame and remorse up and down our spines, but 
as great as the need for money is it falls far short 
of the greatest need. 

The great need of every life and of every con- 
gregation is sincere, persevering, believing prayer. 
We°need to be taught to pray as Christ taught the 

Recently a certain person in reply to a corres- 
pondent about a pastor, after considering all the 
detailed qualifications wanted, replied : " There was 
only one such Man, and he was crucified." Pastors 
are' the head of religious education. Without them 
we shall not be able to go far. Let us pray lor them 
and assist them in the arduous work that falls upon 
their shoulders. E - F - 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


The Spirit of Worship in Church Services 


At a recent District Meeting, the topic, " How 
Shall We Increase the Spirit of Worship in Our 
Preaching Services?" was up for discussion. A good 
brother, whom no one would accuse of leaning toward 
Roman Catholicism, advocated that the symbols and 
forms of the Roman Church tend to inject into their 
worship a spirit of reverence and devotion that had 
been lost in Protestant churches. If what he said 
contained some element of truth, why is it? Wherein 
does the truth lie ? 

Before attempting to answer that question, may I 
ask and answer another question? Which is the more 
important element in church services — the element of 
instruction, or the element of worship? Which should 
predominate in the regular church service? As a 
matter of fact, which does predominate in the ordinary 
church service in the Church of the Brethren? If I 
analyze conditions correctly, the sermon is the out- 
standing feature of every regular service. The sermon 
occupies three-fourths of the church hour. People 
generally come to hear the sermon and go away feel- 
ing that their time spent at church was profitable or 
unprofitable in proportion as the sermon was edifying 
or not edifying. Is that as it should be? This is a 
question worth considering. 

It is our humble opinion that we have the worship 
and instruction reversed so far as importance is con- 
cerned. The sermon should be cut down in length 
and more time and emphasis should be laid upon song, 
scripture reading, and prayer. We should be able 
to go away from a church service feeling that we 
had been highly benefited even though the instructional 
part of the service may have been below die standard 
of good sermons. 

Intimate fellowship with God is worth more than 
some exhortation to right living given by a man. 
Right living is based upon right relationship with God. 
True, we must know the truth of God through instruc- 
tion. But in this enlightened age, we know a lot more 
truth than we utilize in our lives. To really come into 
vital touch with our Master, to know him as a per- 
sonal Friend, to have an experiential knowledge of him 
is the thing that now needs stressing. 

Whatever can produce the conscious touch of God 
with our inner life, whatever can draw us away from 
material things to a contemplation of tlie invisible, 
mysterious things of God is worth while in the church 
service. If a little more of the symbolic, a little more 
of the formal element in our church service can cause 
us to pull away from the material, then we should 
use it. If the formal can constitute a bridge to carry 
our minds from the concrete to the mystery of godli- 
ness, let us use more of the formal. Paul says, " Great 
is the mystery of godliness." Whatever can lead us 
into this mystery should be used by us ; we need to 
think more on the deep things of God. 

The Roman Catholic Church may have allowed the 
forms of worship to drift into superstition. But in 
our discarding those forms may we not have drifted 
into the other extreme? Have we not become so 
materialistic in our worship that we spurn holy mys- 
tery which constitutes a large element in all real re- 

Should we not make a fuller use of beauty in our 
forms of worship? We can well afford to make more 
use of silent communion with God in our church 
services. We should learn to be still and know God. 
We should stand still and see his salvation. This 
sort of reverence for God would prevent noise, whis- 
pering, and laughing in church service on the part of 
children and young people. Every one who enters 
the house of God should feel like the Psalmist who 
said : " God is in this place. This is none other than 
the house of God and the gate of heaven." 
Ml. Morris, III. 

Findings in a District Survey 


Part III — Problems Revealed 
In the survey of our District various problems have 
been revealed. The following are some of the prob- 
lems which we all recognize: How can we develop 
the spiritual life of our members? How can we save 
our young people? How develop and keep alive a. 
spirit of evangelistic fervor? How develop a spirit 
of service and direct it to the greatest good? In addi- 
tion we wish to call attention to a few other problems, 
of serious import which need to be solved if the 
churches are to grow, if souls are to be saved, and if 
the Kingdom is to make progress. 

First, there is the problem arising from depleted 
membership because-of migration to the city. The 
fact of a wave of emigration to the city which serious- 
ly affects our country churches has been pointed out 
and is evident to all. Even the " Little Brown 
Ghurch " of which we sing would have been one of the 
thousands of abandoned churches of our land had it 
not been preserved simply because it was made fasnous. 
by the song we love to sing. How are we to proceed 
to solve the problems which arise as a result of this 
move toward the city? Various means have been pro- 
posed and are being tried as possible solutions.. 
Among them are the following: 

(1) Develop such a strong loyalty to the country 
church that those who move to the towns and cities, 
round about will continue to support and attend in the 
country. Good roads and autos make this possible. 
A strong loyalty will hold some for the first genera- 
tion, but it can scarcely be expected to hold the chil- 
dren. They will be drawn to the city churches, or 
to other attractions by the same forces that tend to- 
help take their parents back to the country church;: 
that is, memories of hallowed experiences of early life,, 
and a desire to meet schoolmates and old friends. 
When loyalty to the church stands alone with almost 
all other forces against it, it will hardly draw people 
from the city to the country. Yet this is one means 
that is being relied upon very largely by many of our 
country churches to solve this problem. However,, 
we must look elsewhere for a real solution. 

(2) Building city churches is another plan that is. 
being practiced extensively to solve the problem. This, 
solves part of the problem. It takes care of those 
who move to the city ; but it leaves many small groups 
of members out in the country to struggle on against 
ever increasing odds. Building city churches to care 
for the increasing population there should continue.. 
Nevertheless some other plan is needed to remedy con-*, 
ditions in the country. 

(3) Another plan is to build a strong attractive 
church, making the church the center of the com- 
munity life, the inspiration of progress in everyday 
life, so that the community becomes so much more 
progressive, prosperous and attractive than other coun- 
try communities, and the church so helpful, that the 
people will not want to move to the city. This will 
work admirably in some case's, especially where the 
church is strong now; but it is impossible for all of 
our country churches to accomplish this end. Some 
are too weak and limited in their field to begin such 
a program. 

(4) Consolidate our country churches is another 
plan that is proposed. This can be done by two or 
more churches of the same denomination located near 
one another uniting and forming one organization. 
Good roads and autos make this possible where it 
would not have been possible years ago. Another 
means of consolidating is for the members in the 
weaker churches to move into larger congregations. 
With the inspiration and guidance of a District field 
worker or real estate board that would help members 
buy and sell and rent farms with a view to the welfare 
of the Kingdom this might be accomplished. 

(5) Another plan that is being tried more and more 
is that of all the Christian people of one community 
uniting to form one working force, a community 
church. This is a plan worthy of our careful study. 

Unless some solution is found and used our country 
(churches will continue to die at an alarming rate. 

A second great problem we have to face is the prob- 
lem of leadership. As has already been pointed out, 
:the results of pastoral work in our churches shows 
rup remarkably ^well. But in providing the proper 
ileaders for our churches several problems arise. 
.'Among them are these: How locate pastors in 
.churches needing the same but unaware of the benefit 
■ they would receive by having a pastor? How can our 
; pastors secure better cooperation on the part of the 
: laity? Entirely too many good pastors are laboring 
: under the deadening influence of lack of appreciation 
-and cooperation. How can we locate pastors and 
: ministers in those churches where they can do the— 
:most effective work, and keep them there? A misfit 
; pastor is a calamity in any church. Frequent changes 
:make it impossible for good pastors to do their best 
work. Short term pastorates are harmful both to the 
I pastors and to the churches. 

The ministerial problem/or problem of leadership, 
lis one which is generally recognized ; it is being studied 
: seriously, therefore we pass it on to others. 

Third, there is the problem of finance. The in- 
creasingly larger program of the church demands large 
.sums of money. Many churches now raise a budget 
•of $3,000 a year whereas only $300 would have been 
•quite sufficient a few years ago. About ten churches 
in this District give over $20 per active member per 
.year. This is over and above what is given for Chris- 
tian education and benevolences of which the church 
has no record. Three churches or more give over 
$50.00 for every active member who has a regular 
iincome. The members of these churches may not 
ihave reached their limit, but they are doing splendidly 
:to say the least; yet these churches do not have the 
:amount of money they need to do their best work. 
The two chief phases of the problem of finance are: 
'(1) How secure the money needed? (2) How dis- 
tribute the funds properly? 

Many churches are not doing the work that they 
■ought because of a lack of funds. The real reason 
• is that they have not learned to give. One church in 
■our District reports a debt and lack of funds ; yet no 
offering is lifted regularly in the church service and 
some of its members even complain that they do not 
ihave an opportunity to give. Our members need to 
lie taught to give, to give systematically, and then they 
meed to be given regular opportunities to give. 

On the other hand, the leaders of the church need 
to recognize the fact that for the most part our mem- 
bers are giving liberally, and that as a church we 
have and will continue to have serious financial prob- 
lems because our members are organized in small 
.groups and a very large per cent of the contributions 
are consumed in the maintenance of the local organi- 
zation. For example, there is one church in our Dis- 
trict in which the members having a regular income 
and contributing give over $100 each per year. Yet 
this church gives only about $230.00 per year to mis- 
sions and benevolences. Local expenses consume the 
liberal offerings. This gives the appearance of self- 
ishness. I have heard non-Christians criticise the 
■church very severely for not giving more to benevo- 
lences, but in many cases like this they are not able, 
even though they are liberal givers. Wherever pos- 
sible we must have larger groups in each local organi- 
zation in order to reduce our self-maintenance cost 
per member. To spend almost all. of what we set 
aside as the Lord's fund upon ourselves is a question- 
able form of generosity; yet if we continue to support 
many small congregations this is almost inevitable. 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 


Study No. 7— The House of Prayer 

" And he taught and said unto them, Is it not writt.n, 

My house shall be called 
nations? but ye have made 
II: 17). 

(Continued on Page 

house of prayer for all the 
t a den of robbers " (Mark 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


Just Pray 

Does the world seem full of sorrow? 
Does your God seem far away? 
Are yon fearful of tomorrow"? 
Just pause a while and pray. 

Do you think yourself forsaken? 
Have you lost the shining way? 
When you know your faith is shaken, 
Just stop a while and pray. 

Surely God is in his heaven, 
O'er this world extends his - sway, 
Knowing this, trust in Jehovah, 
And don't forget to pray. 
Carleton, Nebr. 

Homeless Children 

No. 22. — Rebecca the Righteous 

" Had I no children's steps to guide 

Along life's toilsome way, 
My own more frequently might slide, 

More often go astray." 

Rebecca had been raised to a strict observance of 
the Ten Commandments which she sincerely felt she 
had kept from her youth up, and now at the age of 
forty had no tolerance for sin, or sympathy for a 

Her cousin, Sarah, of only half her age was now 
sharing the comforts of the home, since the death of 
Rebecca's parents, for whom she had faithful! •■ cared 
unto the end" of life's journey. Rebecca had inherited 
the home and sufficient means to enable her to live 
with no lack of needful things of life. 

When a representative of an orphans' home had 
given an address in the church from the old text, 
" Whosoever shall receive one such little child in my 
name, receiveth me," Rebecca felt it her duty to open 
her home to a little girl. With her, to decide was to 
act. A trip was made to the city, and she returned 
with six-year-old Martha who had no remembrance 
of a mother's affection or the surroundings of a real 

All seemed favorable the first day, then to her 
horror, Rebecca discovered a big lump of brown sugar 
missing from the sugar bowl. Martha was at once 
accused of the theft, and childlike denied the act until 
Rebecca's righteous anger scared her into a confes- 
sion : " I've never had much candy, and I was so 
hungry. for the sugar. But I'll never do it again. -I 
am so sorry I took it," said humble Martha. 

" My house has never sheltered a thief and a liar 
before, nor will it continue to do so. Go to bed with- 
out your supper and tomorrow I'll go back to the 
home and arrange to take you back," said Rebecca. 
" O, don't take me back, please don't ! I will be awfully 
good. I won't ever steal again. I'll give you my 
nickel which the matron gave me, to pay for the sugar. 
Please let me stay," said Martha. " You can't pay 
for stolen things. Go to bed at once." And little 
Martha left the room sobbing broken -heartedly. 

Sarah tried to get Rebecca to change her mind, but 
to no avail. " Once a thief, always a thief. If steal- 
ing and lying is in the blood you'll never get them out, 
and I won't waste my time trying." 

Rebecca was up at four o'clock the next morning, 
too indignant to eat any breakfast, and hurried away 
to catch the early train for the Junction, where she 
would change cars for the city. " Sarah, you shut 
Martha in the attic today and give her only bread and 
water until I return. I'll give her at least one pun- 
ishment if she never gets another," and Rebecca 
walked away in haste to get the train. 

Having bought a round-trip ticket to the Junction, 
she hurried aboard the train, leaving her purse on the 
ledge of the ticket window. The agent found it, but 
too late to get it to her, so laid it away, awaiting her 
return in the evening. She did not miss it until she 

was ready to buy her ticket to the city; then she 
realized she could go no further but Would have to 
wait all day at the Junction for the local train to take 
her home in the evening. Twelve hours of a hot sum- 
mer day, and nothing to do but wait ! 

She knew no one at the Junction and was already 
beginning to realize that she had gone without her 
breakfast. About noon the heat was unbearable and 
her hunger was driving her frantic. If she had a 
cup of coffee and a sandwich or some fruit, just any- 
thing to satisfy her hunger! Then she thought of 
Martha in that hot attic and perhaps hungry, too. 
Was Martha as hungry for sugar as she now was for 
some fruit or food? 

About the middle of the afternoon she could sit 
still no longer, but walked up and down the platform 
until exhausted, returning to the shelter of the hot 
stuffy depot, more hungry than she ever remembered 
having been in her life. 

The main line fast train pulled in and stopped for 
coal and water. A newsboy got off with a basket of 
fruit, which he set on the platform for a few minutes. 
Rebecca wanted fruit now worse than ever. Should 
she take something while he wasn't looking? She 
walked away from the temptation, only to find her- 
self coming back to look at that fruit. As the train 
was ready to go and the newsboy picked up his basket, 
passing close to Rebecca, instantly she grabbed-two 
bananas and hid them in her handbag. A few 
moments later she ate them when no one was watch- 
ing, satisfying her hunger, but arousing a guilty con- 
science.- She was a thief ! A thief ! But she had been 
hungry! Sometime she would repay that boy if she 
ever got the chance, but " you can't pay for stolen 
things " rang in her ears like the crash of thunder. 
Again she walked the platform, forgetting her hunger 
in her humiliation. 

Finally the local was ready to take her home again. 
She couldn't look the conductor in the face! Surely 
he would see her guilty conscience. Martha was in 
bed when Rebecca returned and sat down to eat the 
warm supper Sarah had prepared for her. " Was it 
hot in the attic today? " she asked Sarah, and for once 
Sarah lost her self-control as she told her cousin 
that she did not carry out her orders. Instead she 
had made the day as pleasant for Martha as she knew 
how to do. " If it is her last day here I decided it 
would be a pleasant one for her to remember," was 
Sarah's firm statement. 

In the morning a penitent, rebuked Rebecca asked 
Martha if she wanted to stay with them, and Martha 
quickly replied: "I do, if Miss Sarah stays here. If 
she goes I want to go with her." 

Memory flashed a message to Rebecca. "If one be 
overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual restore 
such an one in the spirit of meekness, considering thy- 
self lest thou also be tempted." 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

ing " which God's Word strictly forbids and if engaged 
in discomposes our minds to engage acceptably to 
God in things sacred. Our conversation may not be 
always of the highest order — gossip, perhaps slander, 
a knowing wink or a nod of the head, insinuations 
that cast a shadow over some one's life — these things 
are utterly unbecoming a professed follower of Christ. 
Jesus bids us do good to all people and to love even 
our enemies. Love, gossip and back-biting do not 
go together. Gossip and hatred and back-biting are 
excluded from the narrow way. John, the beloved 
apostle, in his last epistle writes: "I have no greater 
joy than to hear that my children walk in the truth." 
All the faithful righteous of nil ages have passed over 
the narrow way and won the crown of life. They 
are witnesses to the fact that the same Almighty power 
which kept them and guarded them through all the 
trials, temptations and dangers that beset the way, 
is as powerful and as willing to help us today as he 
was to help those who have passed on before. 

Then there is a cloud of witnesses reading the 
epistle of the Christian life as it is manifest from day 
to day. It matters not what our position, circum- 
stances or occupation in life may be, our sole object 
should be to glorify God in everything we do. We 
should always be careful that we do not bring reproach 
on the precious name of Christ, the name that every 
Christian bears. The Bible tells us that Enoch walked 
with God, and the New Testament says : " Before his 
translation he had this testimony that he pleased God." 
The religion lhat we daily practice in our dealings 
with one another and our consistency with our Chris- 
tian profession will have a greater influence and make 
a deeper and more lasting impression on the uncon- 
verted world than the most powerful sermon preached 
from the pulpit. If our Christian life does not enter 
as largely into our secular intercourse with our fellow 
beings as into our sanctuary devotions our Christian 
profession is but a mockery in God's sight. We can 
not too scrupulously guard our conduct in our daily 
life for our every word and act leaves an impression 
on some one's character that will count for everlasting 
happiness or endless woe. Sumc day we must all 
stand before the judgment bar of God to give an 
account of our every thought, word and act in this 

" When that awful day wc sec 
And the Judge shall question us, 
Oh, what shall our answer be?" 
Ashland, Ohio. 

The Christian's Race 

"Therefore let us also, seeing we are compassed about 
with so great a cloud of witnesses, lay aside every weight, 
and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run 
with patience the race that is set before us" (Heb. 12: 1). 
This scripture verse compares the Christian's life 
to a race, which signifies progress. If we start to a 
certain place we must move forward in the right 
direction if we hope to ever reach our destination, 
and it is just the same in our race toward the heaven- 
ly city which is the goal of our journey. There is 
but* one way that leads to the city of God, the narrow 
way that God has marked out over which we must 
pass in our race for life, and we should diligently 
search the Scriptures to be sure we are in the narrow 
way. The fifth chapter of Ephesians enumerates a 
long list of evil practices that the Christian should 
avoid ; they are obstructions to the narrow way ; they 
constitute a labyrinth of byways and pitfalls where 
many, many go down to eternal death. We would 
perhaps shudder at the thought of committing a great 
crime, yet many engage in " foolish talking and jest- 

The Guide Book Route 


In these days of much travel, especially by auto, 
those touring in a part of the country where they 
are not acquainted, or who are sightseers in a strange 
city, use maps and guide books to find their way. 
These are carefully studied so that they may go 
aright. They would not be so foolish as to take a 
route ooposite to the one directed and yet expect to 
reach tht ; r desired destination. They know that the 
only way u reach it is to follow the directions given 
by those who know the way. 

There is a very practical lesson in this obvious fact 
as regards our spiritual life. God has not left us 
to wander about unaided over the highways of life 
in this world. He has furnished us with a Guide Book 
to show us the way to the desired goal— eternal life. 
But how prone we are to quibble and argue about 
the course therein given. We allow ourselves to be 
deceived into thinking, yea even believing, that some 
route that looks easier or appeals more to our fancy 
will bring us there just as well. And how many allow 
themselves to be thus deluded, no matter how much 
the official Guide Book warns of false roads or those 
with death as their destination. 

Salvation is promised and can only be obtained 
through the Christ of the Book, but bow often do 
we hear that here he is, or there he is (Mark 13: 
21-23). or that this, that, or the other way. though 
not charted, is the best road to take! 

(Continued on Pa»e 11) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


Bro. O. P. Haines has 1 

Calendar for Sunday, January 4 

Sund.s-.choo! Lesson, Christ's Triumphal Entry.-Lukc 
19 : 29-40. 

Christian Work."' Meeting, Improving Our Meetings,- 
Eph. 5:18-21. .> * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Ephrata church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Fredonia church, Kans. 

Three baptisms in the Elkhart City church, Ind. 

Two baptisms in the Turtle Mountain church, N. Dak. 
church, Minn.,— Bro. Montz, 

, N. C— Bro. J. S. 

-Bro. Irvin 

One baptism in the Winona 

One baptism in the Fraternity church 
Zigler, of Selma, Va., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Blissvillc church, Ind. 
Weaver, of Goshen, Ind., evangelist. 

Sixteen baptisms in the Ottumwa church, Iowa,-Bro. 
W E Thompson, the pastor, in charge. 

Three baptisms in the East Fairview church, Pa.-Bro. 
J L. Myers, of Loganville, Pa., evangelist. 

Two decisions in the Harmonyville church, Pa.-Bro. C. 
B Smith, of Martinsburg, Pa., evangelist. 

Two additions to the Pleasant Valley church, Ind.-Bro. 
C E Swihart. of Elkhart, Ind., evangelist. 

One baptism "in the Payette Valley church, Idaho-Bro. 
J. F. Gravbill. of Nampa. Idaho, evangelist. 

Ten baptisms in the Covina church, Calif.,— Bro. A. D. ^^ so thal he could listen in The "Messenger" will: 
Sollenberger, of Glendora, Calif., evangelist. 

the Pomona church, Calif.,- 

time for one more meeting dur- 
,„g February or March. Address him at 613 Dingledine 
Ave.. Lima, Ohio, his home address. 

Bro. J. C. Inm.n, pastor of the church at Springfield, 
Ohio, for the past eight and a half years, is taking up the 
pastorate of the Canton city church. His new address is. 
1131 Hoover Place, N. W., Canton, Ohio. 

Bro W G. Nyce is having his valuable article on Bap- 
tism which appears in this issue put into a convenient 
leaflet While this is primarily for local distribution he 
says he will send the leaflet while the supply lasts to those 
who may wish copies, fortwo cents each or one dollar a 
hundred. Address Bro. Nyce at Pottstown, Pa., and he will 
fill the orders as soon as he receives the leaflet from the 
press. «$> <f> <fr * 

Miscellaneous Items 

The Kansas Child Re.cue and Orphan Society wants to- 
find a good home among the- Kansas Brethren for a ten 
year old orphan boy. Address the Superintendent, T. P. 
Oxley. Darlow, Kans. 

Total Gains for the Kingdom for 1924 amount to 7,619. 
This is an average of 146 per week. If we could have 
reported as many accessions every week as we did in our 
issue of December 20, the total would have been a little 
over 20,000. 

The Chicago church will dedicate its newly purchased 
and remodeled house of worship on Sunday, Jan. 11. Bro. 
Chas. D. Bonsack is to deliver the address for the occasion. 
Special services are planned for each evening of the 
week following. 

Referring to mention in a recent "Messenger" of ser- 
mons broadcast by radio, a brother writes to express his. 
wish that announcements of such might be made in ad- 

Seven baptisms in the romona ciiu.c,., _.> Bro. H. 

\ Brubaker. of Pasadena, Calif., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the Cherry Lane church, Pa..-Bro. 
Jos. Clapper, of Yellow Creek, Pa., evangelist. 

Seventeen baptisms in the Fairview church, Ohio-Bro. 
J L. Mahon. of Youngstown, Ohio, evangelist. 

Twelve additions to the Mount Hebron church, W. Va., 
—Bro. D. W. Kirk, of Hammond, W. Va., evangelist. 

Nine were baptized and one reclaimed in the York 
church, Pa.-Bro. Rufus Bucher, of Quarryville, Pa., evan- 

Three were baptized and one reclaimed in the Modesto 
church, Calif., Bro. J. R. Wine, of Waterford, Calif., evan- 

Four confessions at the Leetown church, Berkeley con- 
gregation, W. Va.,-Bro. E. S. Rowland, Hagerstown, Md„ 

Ten stood for Christ in the Barcville house, Conestoga 
congregation, Pa.,-Bro. A. H. Miller, of Akron, Ohio, 

Five were baptized and one reclaimed in the Burks Fork 
church, Va.— Bro. J. F. Robertson, of Winston-Salem, N. 
C. evangelist. 

One was baptized and one reclaimed in the Paradise 
Prairie church, Okla.,-Bro. S. E. Thompson, of CIovis, N. 
Mex., evangelist. 

Twenty-six baptisms and three received on former bap- 
tism in the Trotwood church, Ohio-Bro. J. L. Hartsough, 
of Huntington, Ind., evangelist. 

* *> *3* * 

Our Evangelists 


these laborers carr 
of these meetings? 

Will you 

Will you share the burdt 
pray for tht 

Bro. John R. Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa., to begin Jan. 
11 in the Juniata Park church, Pa. 

Bro O. H. Feiler, of McPherson, Kans.. to begin Jan. 23 
at McClave, Colo.; Feb. 20, Hollow, Okla.; March 12, 
Carthage. Mo. ; April 3, Belleville. Kans.; April 21, Ozawkie, 
Kans ; May 15, Rock Creek, Kans.; June, July and August 
in Canada; Sept. 15, Octavia, Nebr. ; Oct. 16, Newton, 
Kans. ; Nov. 5, Garden City, Kans. ; Nov. 29, Topcka, Kans. 
* * * * 
Personal Mention 
Bro. J. W. Lear is assisting in the Bible Institute at 
Bridgewater College this week. 

Bro. Levi K. Ziegler, formerly of Denton, Md., is now 
located at 707 W. Third St., Williamsburg, Pa„ as pastor 
of the church at that place. 

be glad to give notice of such opportunities if we have the 
necessary information. 

An anxiou. mother in a central State writes us about 
her son who lives in San Francisco. He is twenty-one,, 
married and belongs to the church, but his mother is 
afraid his religious zeal has grown cold. How like a true 
mother that is I Should anyone see this who is in position 
to look up the young man and give him a friendly word, 
let us know about it. 

" It is my purpose to help promote goodwill and friendly 
feeling toward everybody. And I agree for one year to 
endeavor not to say any unkind thing about anybody." 
So reads a neatly printed card which a reader sends. It 
is headed " For the Promotion of Peace " and has a place 
for the date and signature. Wouldn't you like to make 
a New Year's resolution like that? 

Some of the most helpful conferences with the workers 
in religious education that have ever been held took place 
recently in the eastern section of the Brotherhood. So 
the Sunday School Secretaries report. The real questions 
were faced and considered in a spirit of true fraternity. 
At Waynesboro, Pa., representatives were present from all 
the Pennsylvania Districts and some others. 

The new directory of the Wenatchee Valley church. 
Wash., >is on our desk. The elder in charge is W. A. 
Deardorff, assistant elder, E. R. Eikenberry, pastor, Ira J. 
Lapp. With a membership of over three hundred and 
fifty and a strong body of officers and committees of vari- 
ous kinds, the church appears to be well organized for 
aggressive work. A specially interesting feature is the 
two years' program which is mapped out. Worthy goals 
for the church and a place for everybody to take hold 
seem to be the motto. 

Are you interested in facts? Of course you are, and 
other folks, too, when the facts are tersely told. And you 
will want the Mission Facts Series— one leaflet for each 
month in 1925. World Facts for January and Bible Facts 
for February are now ready. Local missionary com- 
mittees, pastors, teachers, and others will find the num- 
bers of the Mission Facts series just the thing to distrib- 
ute to the people who should know the facts about mis- 
sions. Write the General Mission Board, Elgin, III., to- 
day for free copies and for suggestions on how to use 
these new and interesting four page leaflets, 
.j, ^, .$, ,j. 

A Bystander's Notes 

That Coldest Christmas Day. During the few months 
that the Bystander has been in Elgin this second time he 
has shared with many others both the glory and incon- 
venience incident to the establishment of new weather 
records. Some weeks ago the "world's greatest news- 
paper" made excuse for a very hot day by explaining 

The Southern Ohio Young People's Conference was held (hat ;t was the warm est day for the date in thirty-odd 

over last week end at New Carlisle. Bro. C. H. Sham- 
berger was booked for a part in the program. 

It was the editor's privilege to worship with the church 
at Lanark, 111., last Sunday and minister to appreciative 
audiences, in the absence of the pastor, Bro. J. Clyde 
Forney, who is kept away from his flock for a while on 
account of the sudden death of his father, Eld. Benjamin 
Forney, as noted in a recent issue. 

s. More recently we have had the coldest Christmas 
Day in fifty-two years. All of which leads the Bystander 
to remark a similarity in human nature. The loyal folks 
east and west are alike making excuses for the unusual 
in weather conditions. Easterners in California who twit 
their western cousins about clouds and smoke should be 
reminded of the coldest Christmas Day in fifty-two years. 
Medicine for Critics. There are folks who can tell when 

.■a coat does not fit who could not make a garment if they 
ishould try. There are others who can tell offhand what 
is the ^natter with the cooking who could not be trusted 
•to boil potatoes with the jackets on. And so also in 
.church matters. It is surely a pity that the church mem- 
iber is not as wise as his critic on the outside. 

"What is to be done for the sad critic who sees the 
ftaults of the church but who does nothing to share his 
light? Evidently he is very closely related to the man who 
tcriticises his community and the State, little realizing 
Tthat these social groupings are only you and I and the rest 
lof us in some special relation. When one can not get 
;a'long in any one of these relations it is pretty clear that 
ithere is something the matter with the individual. 

A rather typical critic of the church recently uncon- 
sciously disclosed his real nature in a long sad letter in a 
icurrent periodical in which he took pains to point out the 
weaknesses of the church and his own high idealism. The 
.critic feels that in spirit he is a kind of crusader, but 
.church members are so far short of what they profess to 
:be that there was nothing for the critic to do but make 
liimself comfortable on the fence. "And so here I am 
-without the pale again, secretly sorrowing and hungering 
for companionship. " 

On first thought it does seem a bit pathetic to see the 
fence lined with able critics unable to cooperate because 
of the pettiness of the rest of us. And yet, most ques- 
tions have two sides. Perhaps it has never occurred to 
the critic that his superior light involves both a challenge 
and a responsibility. If the church is as bad off as some 
critics claim it presents a wonderful field for constructive 
leadership. Yes, it is a bit pathetic to see the able critics 
on the fence— that is, until it is seen that they too are 
.derelict to duty's highest call. The Bystander is of the 
opinion that the critics have been humored long enough. 
The time has come when they should take their own 
medicine if they want the rest of us to go on with regu- 
lar doses. 

Most church folks will admit that they are not what they 
•ought to be— that they are not even what they hope to be. 
Honestly, they would welcome the critic with light and 
.constructive suggestions. But even if the critic is not in- 
cited to come over and help, his sense of obligation to 
those in need should lead him to do so. How is a man 
to be considered who knows a better way and yet refuses 
•to cooperate because the rest of us are such poor speci- 
mens? We figure that the greater the need the greater 
the obligation to help. Has the critic no obligation to 
Dielp the church member in need? The pouting critic 
™ho sticks to his perch on the fence is neither a crusader 
nor a good Samaritan. 

The critic who is really sincere will not spend much 
time in self-pity on the fence. His heart will be touched 
by the need of others. He will climb down and try to 
lead and lift. If he docs not take his own medicine it 
must be evident that all his high-sounding criticism is but 
a smoke screen behind which hides an egotist with an 
indolent will. .-..;..;,.•- 

In the "Messenger" Twenty Years Ago 

Last Sunday the Brethren in Los Angeles, Calif., dedi- 
cated the church at their new mission point in the city. 
The outlook for this mission is reported quite encouraging. 
Not many people come to see us oftener than Bro. Geo. 
L. McDonough, the genial railroad man. He does not 
stay long. He shakes hands, has something short and to 
the point to say, and then passes on. 

The trustees of the Bridgewater College, Va., are ar- 
ranging to erect a new dormitory for the ladies next 
spring. The building is said to be greatly needed. The 
outlook of the school seems promising. 

Bro. J. E. Miller writes encouragingly concerning the 
school and church interest at Mt. Morris. The enrollment 
reaches 206. This does not include, those attending the 
special Bible Term. He says that at their last council 
meeting, Jan. 7, " a committee was appointed to investi- 
gate the advisability of securing a pastor to labor in this 
church. " 

Bro S. F. Sanger, of South Bend, Ind., was with us a 
short time last week. He came to meet with the House 
Executive Committee, and to help arrange and plan for 
increasing the output of the House. Our facilities are to 
be increased, and it may not be long until we shall have 
to provide for still more work. He said that he was very 
much pleased with the way business here in the House was 
looming up. 

The Brethren Almanac for 1905 contains the names of 
2,760 ministers, and thirty-nine of them reside in other 
countries We have nine ministers in Canada and a like 
number in Sweden. There are twelve in India and six in 
Denmark But the list as a whole shows fifteen preachers 
less than we had last year. A failure to elect as many 
ministers as former years accounts for this falling off. 
But it ought not to be that way. Instead of our list grow- 
ing less it should steadily grow larger year by year. We 
hope to show i 
other year. 

ease in our ministerial force by an- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


The Cost of Artificial Beauty 

Last year in the United States more than $117,000,000 
was spent for perfumes, cosmetics and toilet preparations. 
These figures were furnisTied by the Census Bureau and 
show an increase over 1921 of about $26,000,000. Figures 
from the same source show that $425,000,0000 was spent in 
1923 for druggist preparations of all kinds, including cos- 
metics, patent medicines and compounds. This also is a 
moiable increase over the figures for two years before. 

Death of Gene Stratton-Porter 

It seems as though an unusual number of well-known 
persons have died during the closing months of the year 
just past. Amongst the best-known and loved of these 
is Mrs. Gene Stratton-Porter, author and lecturer, who 
died as a result of an automobile accident. Mrs. Porter 
was a lover of nature as God made it and the books she 
liked to write best were those that dealt with wild life 
as it was found in the swamp lands near her Indiana 
home. "Freckles" is perhaps her best known book. Other 
well-known volumes are: "The Song of the Cardinal," 
"What I Have Done With Birds," "At the Foot of the 
Rainbow," "Birds of the Bible," and "A Girl of the Lim- 


Passir ■» of Another Illusion 

Toward the end of December the third Pan-American 
Scientific Congress was held in Lima, Peru. This con- 
gress is one agency whereby a better understanding and 
common purpose may be furthered. In speaking upon this 
point Dr. L. S. Rowe, President of the American Academy 
of Political Science and head of the delegation from the 
United States, said: "This congress typifies the essential 
principles of pan-Americanism. In this forum there is 
no place for selfish interests, no desire to secure special 
advantages for any section of the continent. Viewed in 
this light this congress is an outward expression of the 
new epoch in international relations. The illusion that 
a nation can derive advantages from the misfortunes of 
other nations has dominated human thoughts from the 
beginning of history. To the republic of America has come 
the high mission to emancipate humanity from this illu- 

Fads and Business 

The crossword puzzle craze is furnishing a good ex- 
ample of how fads are related to business. Bobbed hair 
has left the hair pin manufacturers high and dry, but the 
new puzzle craze is proving a bonanza to the publishing 
houses that print dictionaries. Thus a Boston publisher 
-who specializes in dictionaries, selling 10,000 per year, 
now reports that he is selling this number of dictionaries 
per month. Increased day and night shifts have not en- 
abled this publisher to catch up with the demand for dic- 
tionaries. On the small desk size this company has booked 
orders as far ahead as November, 1925. The New York 
Public Library reports another aspect of the crossword 
puzzle fad. There are 150 dictionaries in the library and 
it is estimated that upwards of 500 people are usually on 
hand seeking their use. The library officials are trying to 
bar the puzzle fans in order that those- who wish to use 
the dictionaries for legitimate reference purposes can do 

Business and the Community 

A few weeks ago a . nationally known tobacco and 
power millionaire broke into the headlines with a forty 
million dollar gift to aid various charitable and educational 
institutions in North and South Carolina. Recalling that 
he has been for years engaged in developing the water- 
power resources of these two States the donor of this 
large sum said in a statement: "My ambition is that the 
revenues of such developments shall administer to the 
social welfare, as the operation of such developments 
is administering to the economic welfare of the com- 
munities which they serve." This is a line statement 
of the relation that should exist between a community 
and big business, but in this particular case we can not 
help but wish that this realization had come at least a 
generation ago. If it had it might have saved a lot of 
worse than wasted effort put into the development of a 
gigantic tobacco business. Forty millions of dollars is 
a large sum to put into schools and hospitals but it will 
take a good many times .forty millions of dollars to 
ba'ance the damage done humanity by Duke's Mixture 
and the vicious Bull Durham. But a pious afterthought 
. is better than none. 


Suggestions for tlie Weekly Devotional Meeting Or for 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

Your Christmas Aftermath 

Christmas has come to be a time for spending and for 
indulging in many kinds of extravagance not typical of 
the more drab days that make up the balance of the year. 
For example, it is estimated that not less than three- 
fourths of the $40,000,000 that was received' in wages in 
one great manufacturing center in the three weeks be- 
fore Christmas was used for Christmas buying. If the 
spending in this center was typical, then it is easy to see 
that Christmas buying in the aggregate amounts to a tre- 
mendous sum. And if all the Christmas presents for this 
last season could have been heaped together in one moun- 
tain Of toys, needle work, red apples, candy, post cards, 
oranges, automobiles and paper bells what a strange monu- 
ment to love and good will it would be ! And yet, with 
all the vagaries and excesses that go with our attempts 
to manifest the Christmas spirit there is also much to 
commend. What would the world be without Christmas? 
As one sits down to reflect on the memories and tokens 
that remain it must appear that after all the Christmas 
aftermath is largely a personal matter. Christmas is what 
you have made it; and What you have made it depends 
upon what you have put into it. The health commissioner 
of a great city thinks that on the whole the Christmas 
season is a great aid to health. " It is on the fundamentals 
of happiness and kindness that health is built." Thus if 
the Christmas season has been one of wholesome relaxa- 
tion from the strife of daily life, if it is a period rich in 
kindness to others, the Christmas season will have left one 
with pleasant memories and new incentives to nobility 
in living. If the liberty of the Christmas season has been 
used to indulge selfish feelings the aftermath will prove 
a sad disappointment. 

Chicago's Proposed Temple of Agriculture 

Recently it was announced that more than $30,000,000 
is to be expended on a group of buildings which it is ex- 
pected will make Chicago the undisputed agricultural and 
commercial center of the Middle West. The most notable 
of this group is the proposed American Agricultural So- 
ciety Building. A unique feature of this building is that 
for the first time in Chicago it will employ railroad "air 
rights " on a large scale. That is, the entire five-acre 
structure will be on steel stilts, most of it over the tracks 
of the Illinois Central and New York Central lines. This 
means that the basement of the building will in reality 
be a vast suburban terminal in which the Illinois Central 
electric trains will be cared for. Another special feature 
of the building will be a large convention hall capable of 
seating from 20,000 to perhaps 25,000 people. Still another 
feature will be a commercial hotel with at least 3,500 rooms 
—the world's largest hotel planned at the present writing. 
The feature that will make the huge building especially 
conspicuous is the proposed 700 foot tower, to be sur- 
mounted with several hundred feet of open steel tower 
above, the whole capped by a wireless broadcasting sta- 
tion. The proposed American Agricultural Society Build- 
ing will likely house the national headquarters of many 
agricultural interests. It is said that the dairy interests, 
the Cotton Growers' Association, the Apple Growers' As- 
sociation and other national bodies have signified their 
intention of locating their national headquarters in this 
building when it is complete, which is May 1, 1927, accord- 
ing to the present schedule. 

A Sane and Cool President 
Lovers of peace may well be thankful' that we have a 
sane and cool President in the midst of war alarms. The 
President desires to abide by the spirit as well as the letter 
of the Washington Arms Limitation Conference. In doing 
this he does not propose to match the British navy ship 
for ship. He means rather to maintain the approximate 
balance without regard to the number of ships other na- 
tions are building. The war cry raised by those who favor 
the biggest navy in the world is evidence of the fact that 
those who desire peace must work shoulder to shoulder 
for it during the coming year. In a statement of convic- 
tions and program for the World Alliance for International 
Friendship Through the Churches is the following: "We 
believe that the supreme task of the church is to make 
the spirit of Christ regnant in all the relationships of life, 
both individual and national, and to organize the world 
on a Christian basis. We note with satisfaction and en- 
couragement the disposition of both churches and govern- 
ments to outlaw war and we address ourselves with re- 
newed energy to the accomplishment of this great task." 
This strikes us as one item that should be included in 
the New Year's resolutions of every lover of peace. It 
is not one that should be forgotten, but one that should 
stand out as a goal for the year. Let us show our appre- 
ciation of the sane and cool stand of our President on the 
problems of international relations by each one doing his 
or her bit toward strengthening the President's hands for 
peace. We can do this by thinking peace, praying for 
peace, living peaceably and working for peace. 

The Case of the Gun Toter 

The man who totes a gun is generally recognized as a 
menace to the peace of community life. This fact is 
becoming so clear that some large merchandising con- 
cerns are discontinuing the sale of revolvers. Some 
months ago a large Chicago firm announced that it would 
no longer- handle this class of firearms. Now a New 
York mail order house has followed suit. While this 
company states that it has always exercised extreme 
caution in the sale of firearms and has complied with the 
laws of the States in which it does business, yet, "as 
popular sentiment seems to be in favor of curtailing the 

A Morning Prayer 

Psalm 3 

For Week Beginning January 11, 1925 

This psalm was written by David while fleeing from his 
son, Absalom; probably on the second morning after leav- 
ing Jerusalem. Read 2 Samuel 15-19. 

His Present Distress, Verses 1 and 2. " His waking 
thought is the renewed inrush of the trouble which sleep 
had for a time dammed back." His prayer reaches to 
Heaven but it begins with a frank and fearless facing of 
the facts of life. 

Though exiled from home, betrayed by his son and 
despised by his people, that which cuts him deepest is the 
taunt of his enemies that God has forsaken hira: "There 
is no help for him in God." This taunt "wounded all the 
more because it gave utterance to his own fears." 

His enemies in alliance with the fear in his own heart 
would have him believe that God's love was completely 
withdrawn. They sec a shadow on the earth and cry that 
the Sun in heaven has grown cold and dark. Sometimes 
God's ways with us are clear and pleasant; at other times 
they are dark and bitter. We should thank him for both, 
but especially for the latter; for in these dark, bitter ex- 
periences he is bringing us spiritual riches which we of 
ourselves should miss. 

God the Source of Help and Protection, Verses 3 and 4. 
Faith has vanquished fear. The Lord has not forsaken 
him. "Thou art a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter 
up of mine head." Like Elisha's servant at Dothan, his 
vision rises from the enemy that besets him, to the hosts 
of the Lord that encamp round about him. " Fear not, for 
they that be with us are- more than they that be with 
them. " 

He has confidence in his present distress for the Lord 
has always answered him. Cherish the memory of an- 
swered prayer. Upon the scene of every great deliverance 
and blessing, let us resolve with the poet (1 Sam. 7 : 10-12) : 

" Here I'll raise mine Ebcnezcr, 
Hither by tliy help I'll come; 
And I hope by thy good pleasure 
Safely to arrive at home." 

Confidence in the Midst of Danger, Verses 5 and 6. 

There is confusion all about him, but peace within his 
soul. Jesus talks of peace and joy while his murderers 
lurk in the darkness I Peter sleeps, though he knows that 
the rising sun will Bring him to the cross I The world 
has failed them. They are come to that truly blessed 
state of life where man has only one recourse — God, and 
in him they find the "peace which passeth understanding." 

He is fearless and courageous (v. 6). The secret of cour- 
age is the spirit which cries as David did upon this oc- 
casion, " Let the Lord do to me as seemeth good unto 
himl" We love our earthly life and its trappings too 
much to be heroes. Paul was unmoved by bonds and af- 
flictions "for he counted not his life dear unto himself" 
(Acts 20:22-24). The price of salvation is hatred of "life 
in this world" (John 12:25). 

Prayer for Deliverance and Blessing, Verses 7 and 8. 
His enemies are harmless; they are toothless beasts of 
prey (v. 7). The man who sees as God sees, wills his will 
and loves with his love is absolutely invulnerable. Nei- 
ther world, flesh nor devil can harm himl 

In verses 1 and 2 he fears the thousands that rise up 
against him; in verse 6 his courage rises and he defies 
them; in verse 8 love bathes his heart and he prays for 
them! You never conquer an enemy until you love him! 
And when you love him you conquer not only the devices 
of his hands but also the intent of his heart. R. H. M. 

sales of this class of merchandise wherever possible, we 
are glad to aid this movement." Even though it is 
obvious that gun toting on- the part of an individual is 
against peace and safety in community life we seem 
strangely slow to apply the same principle to the inter- 
national community. There are still many who maintain 
that the surest guarantee of peace is for a nation to 
emulate the gun toter. This principle has been pretty 
conclusively tried out on some European frontiers with 
rather disastrous results. Why should it not be clear 
that men arm for war and disarm for peace? At least, dis- 
arming has made for peace along one of the longest 
international frontiers in the world-the 3,000 mile bound- 
ary line between Canada and the United States. Really 
there is no essential difference between guu-totmg on 
the part of individuals and of nations. The ease against 
the gunmen and the militaristic nation is clear. \\ hether 
as an individual or as a nation the gun-toter is a sinister 
element in community life contributing vastly more to 
disorganization and strife than to peace. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 

Germany Today 

(Continued from Page 3) 

the War." The Nationalists are willing to turn over 
to any court of unprejudiced men the archives of 
Germany, and they challenge England and France to 
open their archives, and let this court determine the 
cause of the war. The Social-Democrats say, " Let 
the future determine the cause of the war. Let us 
feed our people, and help to repair the 385 cities 
which were destroyed in northern France." Of course 
all Germans believe that Germany did not cause the 
war, but fought in self-defense. They believe that 
the secret treaties between France and Russia, and the 
evidence from many other sources will eventually 
prove to the world that Germany is^not the prime 
cause of the war. Nor does she come in earlier than 
fourth place amongst the chief factors that brought 
on the war. 

Germany has recently applied to become a member 
of the League of Nations. The Dawes plan was 
adopted at the London Conference, and is in opera- 
tion. These two factors, in my judgment, will go 
far toward bringing order out of chaos in Europe, 
and will eventually bring harmony so that we can look 
forward to peace in Europe and in the world. When 
one studies European conditions he becomes " aware 
of the terrible stagnation of industry that resulted 
from the war, and it is not surprising that it will take 
a generation for Europe to recover. But through 
the arts of peace — through conferences, through rea- 
son, and through courts of law, we will eventually 
solve the problems which war could not solve but only 
aggravate and make infinitely worse. 

The Youth Movement of Germany is a remarkable 
phenomenon. We saw hundreds of young men from 
sixteen to twenty-five traveling everywhere through- 
out Germany. About sixty of these went through 
the Wartburg with us, in Eisenach. I improved the 
opportunity to inquire about their point of view, their 
aims and methods. Their leader said : " In a word, 
we stand for self-development; character is every- 
thing; we must achieve our own character. We 
accept nothing from authority, but, with open minds, 
we study both sides of all questions, political, econom- 
ic, and religious. We want to achive our own charac- 
ters. Therefore, we travel, see the beauties of nature, 
and the monuments of civilization. We have a faith 
that life is worth living, and character is its greatest 
achievement." Just as we came out of the Luther 
Room, where Luther translated the New Testament, 
they sang their song for us. The sentiment of the 
song was something like this: "Don't look back and 
don't look down ; look up and onward. The world is 
beautiful and life is worth while; and we "are young 
and that is fine " (Wir sind jung and das ist schon). 

The new philosophy of Germany is almost entirely 
pacifist. Her thinkers seem to think now that mili- 
tarism is foreign to the German mind and habit, and 
that Germany's true sphere is the field of the Spirit. 
If the youth movement is rightly directed along the 
path of this new philosophy, it is not hard to prophesy 
that in another generation Germany will produce a 
new crop of musicians, artists, philosophers, and 
prophets. Germany seems to be in her youth, her 
period of culture, and I predict she has a great future 
ahead. She has not fossilized into a stagnant civiliza- 
tion, but is renewing her youth. A wave of evangel- 
ism is going over Germany, and this is indicative of 
a new period of creative energy. 

When the super-state of Greece fell, the people 
turned to a philosophy of individualism, and Greece 
produced many of her greatest artists, poets and 
philosophers. Perhaps Germany, since her militaristic 
super-state, which for fifty years absorbed all the 
energies of her youth, is gone, the energies of her 
wonderful people will again go into the creative arts 
of the Spirit, and she will again bless the world with 
new Beethovens, Mozarts, and new Luthers and 
Goethes. Let us hope that her wonderful creative 
energies will be a blessing to mankind. 

McPherson, Kans. 

The Power of the Ideal 


In an ancient oriental city a beautiful statue of 
Diana stood in the market place. It was perfect in 
form and made of pure white marble. One day a 
little street girl was seen looking intently at the statue. 
For a long time she gazed then looked down at her 
own dirty hands and dress and went away. The next 
day she came back but her hands and face were clean. 
On the succeeding day she returned with her hair 
combed and a clean dress. And so, each day wit- 
nessed some change until she was completely trans- 
formed because of the perfect model before her. 

It is a well known law of life that we are influenced 
by that which we greatly admire. Through all the 
range of history and literature this has been true. 
Hawthorne tells us the story of the Great Stone Face 
that was the image of the hero who would some day 
come to the valley. Every day from early childhood 
Ernest looked longingly and lovingly at his features 
after hearing the story of its purport. Finally when 
an old man it was discovered that he had come to 
look like the Great Stone Face. His habitual admira- 
tion for it had wrought the change. The nobleness 
depicted in the image became ingrained in his char- 
acter. He became the hero that was expected. 

When Lincoln was a boy he came into possession 
of a copy of Irving's Life of Washington. He read 
and reread the book and was greatly impressed with 
the noble character of Washington. He acknowledged 
the influence of this admiration upon his own life. 
In turn, Lincoln stands out as a grand example of 
true manhood — a worthy model for American youth 

What an inspiration to the girls of Holyoke is the 
heroic life of Mary Lyon. Many a young person 
has been led to a life of service by the examples of 
Livingstone, the Judsons, Stovers and others. Some 
one has said : " The chief value of great men is to 
fertilize the imagination of adolescents." Undoubt- 
edly the most potent means of molding the lives of 
youth is getting them into touch with the right kind 
of ideals. There are some who will not realize their 
greatest possibilities without this help. 

While youth is the period of most marked hero 
worship there is no time in life that an ideal is not 
necessary if we would keep the soul alive. As a 
mother teaches her child to walk by holding before 
it some bright object, so God leads his children to 
fuller and nobler living by holding before them ideals 
or visions of what they may become, We cannot 
rise higher than our ideals, nor can we reach any 
great height without some such guiding star. The 
character of our ideals will determine largely our 

If the influence of human beings, either in reading 
or actual contact, be so great, what must it be if 
Christ, the Consummation and Source of all goodness, 
be our Ideal? Witness the effect of his companion- 
ship upon the disciples who were changed from 
cowardly, self-seeking men'to heroic, "self-sacrificing 
leaders; upon Paul who began his career in cold 
blood, breathing out threatenings ; but who became 
the tender, loving apostle who could say : " I could 
wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my 
brethren." " 

There are persons in whose presence we instinctive- 
ly want to be at our best. We simply cannot say, 
or do, or think, anything low or mean when with 
them. How infinitely greater would be this effect 
could we realize that Jesus is actually with us. His 
purity would rebuke any lewd thought; his ?eal for 
the truth would forbid any compromise; his concern 
for others would drive away all selfishness ; his match- 
less love and goodness would inspire every noble 

But how can we realize his presence? Some resort 
to mechanical or concrete means. Drummond tells 
of a young girl who lived an exceptionally beautiful 
life. Always she wore about her neck a small locket 
of which no one knew the meaning. One day in con- 

fidence she opened it to a friend. An inscription was 
found bearing these words: " Whom having not seen ( 
I love." Tins was the secret of her beautiful life. 
A man who was loved and admired by all who knew 
him, kept beside him at his desk an empty chair. 
When asked the reason he replied reverently: "That 
is the Master's chair." In this way he could feel 
the nearness and reality of Christ. By meditation, by 
prayer, by daily study of his Word we can be made 
to feel his Wonderful personality. If we want his 
company we know that he will draw near and will 
make himself- felt. The essential thing is the desire. 
Gradually we can train ourselves to think of him as 
always being actually with us. Many grand and 
noble persons can testify that they owe all that is 
worthy in their lives to a fellowship with Christ. 
Tennyson once said : " What the sun is to the rose, 
that is Christ to my life." So we. " beholding as in 
a mirror the glory of the Lord, are transformed into 
the same image from glory to glory, even as from 
the Lord the Spirit." 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Two Definitions 


A few weeks ago, a learned divine gave his defini- 
tion of religion. This is how he writes : " It is the 
function of religion to interpret and bear witness to the 
humane and spiritual values of the various activities 
and interests of culture, to bring to a focus and to view 
them, each and all, in the light of a unitary and coherent 
doctrine of man's ethical value and spiritual destiny. " 

Over against this high-sounding jargon we have the 
statement of a great English preacher and author. He 
says : " Christianity is, in the long run, simply a method 
of goodness, God's way of making men good. '" 

The latter statement may leave something to he 
desired, but it commends itself to us as a simple and 
sensible attempt to summarize what true religion means. 
Religion surely is simpler than some learned people 
try to make it. It does not require a college educa- 
tion to understand the clear, simple teaching of the 
New Testament, nor to apply the letter and spirit 
of that teaching to everyday life. Rev. W. L. Wat- 
kinson said some time ago that complex and obscure 
definitions of religion irritated him. He -wrote: " The 
obscure in religion is the hallmark of the non-es- 
sential." That is the thing to remember. " There 
is nothing necessary to salvation, " wrote Bishop Ham- 
ilton, ,r which can not be made clear to a savage in five 
minutes. " The demands which God makes upon us 
are simple, direct and clear. They need no embellish- 
ment. The river of the water of life is as clear as 

Toronto, Canada. 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 

(Continued from Pnge 6) 

(1 ) " House of Prayer " : Prayer, Greek, proseuche? 
which Thayer "defines as: (lj Prayer addressed to 
God. (2) A place set apart or suited for the offering 
of prayer, that is (a) a synagogue, (b) A place in 
the open air, Outside of cities where they had no 
synagogues, as upon the bank of a stream or by the 
shore of the sea. (Near water so as. to wash the 
hands before prayer.) " House of prayer, oikos pro- 
seuches, a house devoted to the offering of prayer 
to God" (Matt. 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46). 

(2) Parallel Passages: See preceding paragraph. 
The first part of the quotation is taken from Isa. 56 : 
7. The second part, from Jer. 7: 11. "For all the 
nations " is omitted by Matthew and Luke, but in- 
cluded by Mark, who writes for the Gentiles. 

(3) Time and Setting: The words of the text for 
this study were uttered in connection with the second 
cleansing of the temple, which took place on Monday 
of the Passion Week. 

The Feast of the Passover was approaching. Jews 
and proselytes from other countries were filling Jeru- 
salem. The moneychangers had taken their places in 
the Court of the Gentiles and were exchanging the 

_. . 

money of the visitors for the current coin of Judea. 
They profiteered in the rate of exchange, which it 
is said was sometimes as high as ten or twelve per 
cent. While only doves are mentioned in this temple 
cleansing, other requisites for the sacrificial feast 
such as oxen, sheep, wine, salt, oil, herbs, etc., were 
in existence. The selling and buying of these things 
not only profaned the temple, but it became a mer- 
chandising and profiteering affair. So much so that 
the temple, especially the Court of the Gentiles, was 
ceasing to serve the purpose for which it existed. 
Mammon, or the money-god, had about displaced the 
true God. The hierarchy benefited by the traffic; and 
therefore, tolerated it. They excused themselves from 
any charge of profaning God's house on the ground 
that the traffic was conducted in the outer court of the 
Gentiles, i. e.,. the court of the heathen nations. But 
Jesus cleansed the temple and taught the people that 
his Father's house was a house of prayer for all the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 

what they had become at heart. Thus it was with 
papal Rome prior to the Reformation. And so it 
always goes. 

When God's house is dedicated and set aside for 
religious purposes, its use should not be perverted. 

(b) Missions. God's house stands for foreign mis- 
sions, world-wide missions. This was foreshadowed 
in the dedication of Solomon's temple (1 Kings 8: 
41-43). There were other sheep besides the Hebrew 
Fold. God made of one every nation of men to dwell 
on the face of the earth. All nations have a common 
Father. The Father's house is common to all the na- 
tions. All are one in Christ Jesus, there can be neither 
Jew nor Greek (Gal. 3: 27-29). To make religious 
distinctions is to deny the divine Fatherhood of God, 
and the Christian brotherhood of man. 


minister, if you still preach the whole 
Gospel for the whole world, and your congregation is 
supporting such a missionary program, then you are 

Such preparations for the feast profaned the temple, fofaT t^naSoT ^ "' "^ "* W ° rShiP 
it was made a den, and the people themselves became 
robbers. The Jewish worship had become ceremonial, 

ritualistic, formal, cold, and dead. 

(4) God's House: (a) The material house or 
Herod's temple which displaced Zerubbabel's Temple 
which in turn succeeded Solomon's temple was re- 
garded as God's house. In this house, in the holy 
of holies, was located the ark of 'covenant which stood 
for the presence of God. Hence the Jews journeyed 
to Jerusalem to worship; they prayed, facing Jeru- 
salem, as for example, Daniel in Babylon. It was 
the city of God. 

(b) The spiritual house. The day had come when 
Jesus had found it necessary to correct and enlarge 
the Jewish people's conception of God. He taught 
that God is a Spirit, and they that worship him must 
worship him in spirit arid truth. He seeketh such 
(Greek, toioutous, an adjective pronoun of quality) 
to be his worshipers. It is quality folks with Jesus, 
not quantity. God is not local, therefore he taught 
that neither in this mountain, nor in Jerusalem should 
they worship the Father. 

Stephen corroborates the idea that God is non-local, 
and is bigger than the temple. " But Solomon built 
him a house. Howbeit the Most High dwelleth not 
in a house made with hands; as saith the prophet. 
The heaven is my throne, and the earth is the foot- 
stool of my feet : What manner of house will ye build 
me? saith the Lord: Or what is the place of my rest? 
Did not my hands make all these things?" Stephen 
quotes from Isaiah, and Isaiah quotes from Solomon's 
dedicatory prayer. Stephen's conception of God is 
correct; and in fact, he did "speak against this holy 

Peter says that the house is spiritual, and that the 
sacrifices are spiritual. " Ye also as living stones, are 
built up a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to 
offer spiritual sacrifices." 

And as formerly God was understood to dwell in 
his material house the temple— the ark of the covenant 
standing for his presence, so God dwells in his spirit- 
ual house by dwelling in the hearts of his people, in 
the Spirit of Christ in the New Covenant. "Know 
ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the 
Spirit of God dwelleth in you?" 

So far as the text of our study is concerned, Jesus 
is condemning the sacrilegious use of a sacred place. 
(5) Teachings: (a) "House of prayer" versus 
" den of robbers." God's house was transformed. It 
descended from its high plane to that of a den of 
robbers. And robbers not only steal but also kill. 
Twice did they attempt to kill Jesus in the temple 
(John 8 : 59 ; 10 : 31 ) . It is significant that the quota- 
tion, " den of robbers," from Jeremiah has murder 
in its context (Jer. 7: 6 ff.). Jesus' zeal for his 
Father's house did eat him up. There was still some 
praying, but it was only hypocrisy. The Pharisees 
and Scribes for a pretense made long prayers, but at 
the same time they devoured widows' houses (Mark 
12: 38-40). The heads had made God's house just 

you are not, then you are 
guilty of making religious distinctions among the 
nations. You are dividing the divine Fatherhood. 
"There is no distinction" (Rom. 3: 22). God has 
granted other nations a place in his house. 

(c) In the Court of the Gentiles. Time and place 
has something to do with the right and wrong of 
things. Merchandising is all right out of the church, 
but it is all wrong in the church. 

Some Christians think it is all right to conduct 
some things in the back yard of the church, or in the 
basement of the church. They somehow find a court 
of the Gentiles near by, and then engage in an unholy 

(d) Cleansing the temple. Perverted and defiled 
temples must be cleansed. During the late war many 
churches were practically turned into recruiting sta- 
tions. Some today are merely clubs, and the like. 
The foreignerand stranger find that real prayer and 
worship is foreign to the house of God. A cleansing 
is needed. 


Another Juniata Bible Institute has passed into history. 
It was brimful of interest and helpfulness. Many availed 
themselves of the opportunity of getting the inspiration 
and help that the institute provided. 

Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh told, in a way that caught the 
interest of the people, some incidents of colonial history 
and the beginnings of the Church of the Brethren. He 
made a strong plea that we maintain the earnest" spirit 
and faith of our fathers. Rev. C. E. Putnam of the 
Moody Bible Institute demonstrated conclusively that the 
Bible is the Word of God and as such it can be fully 
trusted. Brethren Noffsinger, Lear and Winger of the 
Educational Board, gave strong addresses on peace, 
stewardship and Christian education. By the lead of such 
men we shall be guided safely on. Rev. J. B. Baker, 
Lutheran pastor atlndiana, Pa., gave cheering messages' 
in support of the Christian faith. Bro. Galen B. Royer 
led a conference on Vacation Bible Schools that was full 
of helpful suggestions. Bro. W. S. Long, who is one of 
our most successful pastors, led a conference of pastors 
and ministers that was most highly appreciated by all. 
The address he gave in the institute was one of the strong- 
est delivered. Bro. Maynard Cassady, just recently re- 
turned from Germany, told of the conditions in that coun- 
try. It is easy to see from his recital that war does not 
pay. He also reported his visits among the churches of 
Denmark and Sweden. We were especially fortunate to 
have one who could give us first hand information. Bro. 
J. M. Pittenger and Sister Grace Clapper, both students 
of our school, helped us again to see the great mission 
fields that they represent — India and China. 

Surely we had a feast of good things. We are grateful 
to those who helped us and we especially praise God for 
his great goodness. T. T. Myers. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

is scriptural. Has your 

(e) A praying church 
church a prayer meeting? 

(f) Do any foreigners worship at your church? 
Do you have a Sunday-school or Bible class for Chi- 
nese, Italians, or other foreigners ? The Gentiles have 
a court in the house of the Lord. 

New Windsor, Md. 

The Guide Book Route 

(Continued from Page 7) 

There are many blessings also promised along the 
true way; however, many desiring the same take an- 
other road, and yet expect to obtain them even though 
not following the directions given as to how to 
secure these blessings. 

The story of Naaman told in 2 Kings 5 is a striking 
illustration. Naaman desired a great favor and bless- 
ing and it was promised along with directions how to 
obtain it. But — and at this point we all at some time 
or other act Naaman-like — simply because the direc- 
tions are not what is wanted. Thus Naaman angrily 
objected to the directions given to him. They were 
too humble for such a great man as he. Certainly 
to do as he desired would do just as well. But he 
had to learn the lesson that we all must learn or be 
disappointed, and that is that there is no subst ; tute 
way with God. There is no other " just as good " 
as the one he gives. 

So today even yet, the God-given way is not 
pleasing to our carnal nature, for the route the Guide- 
Book shows is opposite to Ihe desires of the flesh. 
God does not force anyone. He furnishes the map 
and man can choose. The easier, more pleasing look- 
ing way has a. destination all right but not the kind 
we desire. We can not travel the broad-way route 
and arrive at the narrow-way destination, although 
many seem to expect to accomplish this impossible 
Philadelphia, Pa. 


The special Bible term at Blue Ridge was small in 
attendance. The work given and the intense interest on 
the part of those in attendance was all that could have 
been desired. Last year the term was held during cold 
weather and people complained that if such terms would 
be held before Christmas at a time of milder weather a 
larger attendance could be had. The experiment this year 
proves that this is not the case. Now another search will 
have to be made to discover why leaders living near do 
not avail themselves of such opportunities. 

A visit to Hagerstown enabled us to enjoy the splendid 
fellowship of the members there. One is impressed at 
once with the genuine refinement of these people. This 
is one of our largest Sunday-schools, there being over 
eight hundred enrolled. There is no unnecessary rattle 
of machinery in the organization. A reverence which is 
commendable impressed me. The leaders think they are 
short at this point and try continuously to improve. 

In visiting the many teachers we found every one sin-, 
cerely earnest in presenting the Bible. A men's class of 
over eighty that day was taught by a young man of about 
thirty. How the men leaned over their chairs to catch 
something of the meaning of the lesson by Jesus on the 
resurrection. The Bible has an appeal for men when 
taught rightly. 

In a number of classes the pastor asked, " How many 
of you are members of the church?" Up went the hands 
of the juniors or intermediates, proud to show their affilia- 
tion with an institution that appeals to them. 

I found equal attention given to old and to young. 
Some schools resemble dumb-bells, being larger at both 
ends and small in the middle. Not so at Hagerstown. 
Recently over sixty have been added by baptism and 
others by letter. The pastor called upon all who were 
charter members forty-five years ago. Only three remain 
and were present. How brief life is! Then others who 
united with the church within the last five years stood. 
This showed how vigorous is the growth of the cause. 

Two days were spent at Waynesboro. Pennsylvania in 
a conference with leading Sunday-school workers of the 
State Districts of Pennsylvania and Maryland. AH of 
these eight State Districts excepting Western Maryland 
were represented. Many matters of vital interest were 
taken up, such as the Sunday-school, the home, the vaca- 
tion and week-day schools, teacher training, our young 
people, group training schools, camp conferences, District 
programs. Such conferences are especially helpful because 
here those in attendance may feel free to talk openly 
about their problems. The best way to agree is to be 
impressed with the fact that we arc not compelled to 
agree. It seems that we ought to have more of such 
meetings. Many of our assemblies are "rule-making" 
gatherings and for that reason fail to invite a free and 

(Continued on Ptge 14) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 

The Tonic of Distance 

(Continued from Page •>) 

F. W. Boreham tells a fine story about Edmund 
Burke, the great British statesman. On the eve of 
the poll at Bristol, when Burke rose to address a 
crowded and excited audience, a note was suddenly 
slipped into his hand telling him that the strain of the 
campaign had been too much for his opponent ; he was 
dead. Burke was deeply moved. He paused for a mo- 
ment. Then to a hushed gathering he made the an- 
nouncment and added impressively : " What shadows 
we are and what shadows we pursue. " And every 
person in that assembly felt that a curtain had been 
lifted and for a moment at least they had seen things 
in the light of the eternal. 

Toronto, Canada. 


A Bible Institute will be held at McPlicrson College, 
Mcl'luTson, Kans., Jan. 25-31. Special sermons as fol- 
lows: Jan. 25, 11 A. M., by Ezra Flory; 8 P. M., The 
Whole Gospel.— Edward Frantz. Pel). 1. 11 A. M., The 
Religion of Forty Years Hence.— D. VV. Kurtz; 8 P. M„ 
Missions. — D. W. Kurtz. A Missionary Pageant will be 
given at 7:00 P. M. on the last date. 

The following speakers will have regular periods be- 
ginning Monday and including Saturday: 8 to 9 A. M., 
Bro. Shank. Subjects: The Pastor's Personality, Church 
Management, Vital Preaching, Pastoral Contacts, The 
Pastor's Own Nourishment and Pastoral Evangelism. 

9 to 10 A. M., and 3: 30 to 4:30 P. M., Ezra Flory on 
Religious Education. Saturday, 3:30, The Play Life of 
the Community. — Mishjer. 

10:30 to 11:30 A. M\, Edward Frantz. Subjects: 
Philemon, Joel, Romans, Job, Jude and Jonah. Also 
Wednesday and Friday evenings, on, Why World Peace 
Waits, and Why This Theological Unrest. 

11:30 to 12:30 A. M., Monday and Tuesday, Making 
the Most of Our Religion, by Bro. Richards. Wednesday. 
Christianity and Buddhism Contrasted; Thursday. Man, 
Animal Plus, by Bro. Richards. Friday, Vocational 
Guidance. — Boone. 

2:30 to 3:30 Tuesday, Stereopticon Lecture. Wednes- 
day. Thursday and Friday, Deeter, on The Social Gospel 
in the Old Testament; Social Gospel in the New Testa- 
ment, and The Modern Church and the Social Gospel. 

7 to 9 P. M., Monday, Musical. Tuesday, In the Van- 
guard (Play). Thursday, Educational Conference. Satur- 
day, European Conditions. — Kurtz. 

Guests wishing entertainment write to the undersigned. 

Mcl'herson, Kans. J. W. Deeter. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Belvedere church hail ;i very successful revival, conducted bv 
Bro. G. F. Chcmberlen, of Covins, Calif., continuing three weeks. The 
word of truth was preached with power to large and attentive 
audiences, and the members were greatly revived and strengthened. 
Fifteen confessed Christ and were baptized. At the mid-week 
prayei service following the revival two more were baptized. An 
all-day meeting was held on Thanksgiving Day. Bro. Chcmber- 
len preached the morning sermon, which was followed by a bap- 
tismal service. A basket lunch was enjoyed at noon. During 
the afternoon short talks were given by various speakers. The 
Lord's Supper and communion were observed in the evening, 
with over one hundred members present. The church met in 
council Dec. 9. when officers for the various departments of 
church work were chosen. Bro. J. E. Steiuour will be our elder, 
and Bro. H. R. Olwin, Sunday-school superintendent.— Maria E. 
Barnhart, Los Angeles, Calif.. Dec. 11. 

Covina.-An offering of $67 was taken by the Sunday-school Oct. 
27 for the deficit in world-wide missions. Our Thanksgiving of- 
fering amounted to $72.44. Our revival meetings began Nov. 30 
and closed Dec. 14. Ten of the Sunday-school children were bap- 
tiicd. The meetings were conducted by Eld. A. D. Sollcnberger, 
of Glcndora. His sermons were sound doctrine and soul-cheering, 
and the church has been very much helped spiritually. Bro. J. 
B. Emniert, of La Verne, gave a very interesting and inspiring 
talk to the Sunday-school children on the morning of Dec. 7. Bro. 
Henry Hepner having been previously elected to the deacon's office 
was installed just preceding the love feast. We had a very spiritual 
love (cast Dec 14 with about ISO communing.— S. W Funk Charter 
Oak. Calif.. Dec. 15. 

Modesto.-Bro. J. R. Wine and wife, of Watcrford. Calif., began 
a scries of meetings Nov. 16 and continued until Dec. 3. Three 
were taken into the church through haptism and one was re- 
claimed. Sister Wine gave interesting talks each evening to the 
children which were very much enjoyed by the older ones as well. 
The interest was very good an.f we feel that the church has been 
much benefited. Dec. 4 we held our love feast, the first that was 
ever held in the ModrMo church; about seventy-five members were 
present. Bro. Wire officiated, with Bro. C. E. Davis, assisting. We 
are planning to start mission study classes for each of the different 
departments of our school the first of the year.— Mrs I M Kauff- 
man, Modesto, Calif., Dec. 13. 

Oakland.-Our Thanksgiving offering amounted to $2S t and was 
sent to our General Mission Board for World-Wide missions. We 
had splendid attendance and interest .at all of the services on 
Thanksgr.-mg Day. and many who were not present were reached 
and helped through the material sent in by the Aid Societies 
oi our District. At the afternoon program our voung people put 
on a most interesting debate, which was enjoyed by all who heard 
it. Nov 30 was our love feast, and at the morning preaching hour 
Bro. Piatt gave us a good examination sermon. In the even- 

ing fifty-seven brethren and sisters enjoyed a real spiritual love 
feast together. Our Teacher-training Class completed the first 
hook nf the old course recently, and we have organized a large 
class and have the books to begin the first year's work of the 
new course. Our, adult Bible classes of the Sunday-school are 
paying the expense of an announcement of our church services in 
our largest daily paper, which is creating considerable interest. We 
are preparing for a scries of revival meetings, to begin about the 
middle of January and expect Bro. S. W. Funk, from Charter Oak. 
Calif., lo do the preaching for Us. Last Sunday morning Bro. J. M. 
Follis, from Reedlcy, preached for us, and in the evening Dr. Ida 
Meizgcr, who is preparing for foreign missionary work, and who 
is now at the St. Francis Hospital in San Francisco, gave us an 
inspirational missionary address. This morning our pastor gave 
us a splendid sermon on stewardship.— Ivy Walter, Oakland, Calif., • 
Dec. 14. 

Pomona church met in council Dec. 10. Officers elected for the 
coming year were as follows: Elder. J. A. Brubaker; clerk, R. C. 
Baldwin; Sunday-school superintendent, F. R. Hartman. Twenty 
church letters have been received recently and four granted. Dec. 
14 baptismal services were held when seven Sunday-school boys and 
girls were baptized by the pastor. H. A. Frantz. They were con- 
verted during the meetings held by Bro. H. A. Brubakcr. Follow- 
ing the baptism, our communion services were held. We were 
pleased to sec such a number of hoys and girls communing. Our 
Sunday-school is increasing ajid we have great hopes for the 
new year.-Mrs, Lee Newland, Pomona. Calif.. Dec. IS. 


Seneca.— The work has been opened again at the Seneca house. 
A number of families scattered in the rural district who never 
attend services anywhere seem anxious that the work be revived. 
Dec. 14 was our first, with forty-one present. We have a very 
good house purchased some years ago hy the District Mission 
Board. Seneca is about five miles east of the beautiful city of 
Eustis. and now a hard road has been built to within a fourth 
mile of the church. We desire to communicate with members 
or friends and would be glad to have them stop over and worship 
with us. Services at 2:30 P. M. each Sunday. Anyone dropping a 
card to the writer will receive cordial attention. — John W. Myer, Box 
536, Eustis, Fla., Dec. 23. 


Weiser church met in counctl Dec. 12, with Bro. Ray S. Miller 
presiding. The church work was discussed and plans were laid 
for the coming year. Three letters were granted. The pastor, with 
the young people, has opened a mission point at Eaton, eight 
miles from town. There is a good attendance and the prospects 
are favorable. Much credit is due the pastor for the great work 
being done. Last Sunday we were very fortunate in having with 
us Sister Anna Crumpacker, returned missionary from China, who 
talked to us at both morning and evening services, and at Eaton 
in the afternoon. There has been one haptism since the last 
report.— Lorcn Bcckwith, Weiser, Idaho, Dec. 13. 

Payette Valley church closed a successful series of meetings Dec. 
14. Bro. Graybill gave us some fine sermons and as a result one 
sister gave her heart to God and was baptized. She enjoyed the 
love feast the same evening. On account of sickness among the 
members the meetings and love feast were' not largely attended, 
but were much enjoyed by the few who could attend.— Marvel Bowers, 
Payette, Idaho, Dec. 19. 


Franklin Grove.— Our Sunday-school observed Rally Day in October 
by rendering an interesting and helpful program with appropriate 
promotion exercises for the various classes. Oct, 19 an offering 
of $200 was received Ur world-wide missions. Our love feast 
was held Nov. 1, with Bro. Sellers, of Dixon, officiating. Oil Thanks- 
giving Day a union service Was held in our church in winch all 
churches contributed to the program, A good spirit prevailed and 
a helpful service was enjoyed. The following Sunday Our Thanks- 
giving offering of $89.19 was taken for home missions. Nov. 1.1 
we met in business session, with Eld. O. D. Suck presiding. We 
decided to have a Vacation Bible School next summer. Officers 
for the coining year were chosen as follows: Elder. O. D. Buck; 
clerk, Edwin Knouse; " Messenger " agent, Dora Miller; correspond- 
ent, the writer. We decided to use the Sunday-school collections the 
third Sunday in each month for world-wide missions. The envelope 
system has worked splendidly during the past year and we will 
continue its use for next year. The yearly budget was presented 
and accepted. Bro. Harry Wingert, of Kingsley, Iowa, gave us a 
spiritual message Dec. 14 both morning and evening. He is a 
Franklin Grove boy and he always finds a hearty welcome here. 
Dec. 21 we enjoyed a well- rendered Christmas program given by 
the children and young people. Dec. 13 the Volunteer Band of 
Bethany Bible School gave an interesting and helpful program. 
Bro. S. Z. Smith and wife, of Sidney, Ohio, will begin a revival for 
us in January.— Mary Lehman, Franklin Grovo. III., Dec. 23. 

Gfrard.— Our church has been reorganized. With the following offi- 
cers: W. H. Shull, elder; H. V. Stutsman. clerk| V. B. Stutsmah, 
"Messenger" agent; Mrs. L. T. Weddle, correspondent; E. A. 
Gibson, Sunday-school superintendent! I. J. Harshbarger, president 
of adult Christian Workers. Various committee members were also 
elected. Two have been baptized and one reinstated since our 
last report. Our pastor, O. F. Shaw, delivered a series of sermons 
the week before Thanksgiving, containing much food for spiritual 
growth.— Mrs. L. T. Weddle. Girard, 111., Dec. 18. 

Hickory Grove.— Dec. 7 Bro. Chas. Delp gave us a splendid sermon. 
Tn the afternoon the church met in council, with Bro. Dclp pre- 
siding. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Paul Becker 
as superintendent. We voted to hold a scries of meetings in May, 
followed by communion. Dec. 21 the Sunday-school gave in a very 
pleasing manner a Christmas program—" The Shepherds' Vision." 
The white gift offering by the classes of the school and the Ladies' 
Aid amounted to $20. A large basket of gifts was received at 
the door. The money will he used for missions, and the clothing 
and food we sent to Bethany for the poor.— Marv C. Kessler Mt 
Carroll, 111.. Dec. 22. 

Panther Creek church met- in council Dec. 21, with Eld. J. W. 
Switzcr in charge. New officers were elected for the coming year 
as follows: Elder. J. W. Switzcr; clerk, H. T. Wiley; trustee, Joel 
Yordy; correspondent and "Messenger" agent, the writer; Sun- 
day-school superintendent, H. T. Wiley. Since our last report we 
have rearranged the seating of our church and built in two much- 
needed Sunday-school rooms. We have also installed a new heater. 
Wc are expecting Bro. _ McGuire and family, of Jones, Okla., to 
move into our parsonage the first of the year.— Elsie Noff singer, 
Benson, 111., Dec. 22.- 

Shannon church met in business session Dec. 20, with Bro. Chas. 
Delp presiding. Sunday-school and church officers were elected: 
Bro. Delp, elder for one year; superintendents, Bro. Wm. Fier- 
heller and S. J. Lahman; the writer, correspondent. This fall the 
church was favored with a week's meeting by the Gospel Team. 
Each night they sang several songs, followed hy a sermon hy 
one of the team which was interesting as well as spiritual. The 
house was always well filled which was evidence that the meet- 
ing was enjoyed by all. W. E. West, of Mt. Morris, gave us 
a splendid sermon Dec. 21 on the subject, "The Church of Today." 
His messages are enjoyed by all.— Wm. Fierhcller, Shannon 111 
Dec. 22. 


Blissville.— Nov. 16 Bro. Irvin Weaver came to assist in a two 
weeks' revival at the Oregon house. His messages each evening 
were of the best and were much appreciated hy good crowds. Sister 
Ruth Keslcr led the song service in a most pleasing manner. 
Four were baptized. Dec. 13 we met in council at the Oregon 
house, with Bro. Arthur Miller in charge. Two letters were re- 
ceived and one was granted. Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
officers were elected as follows: for Blissville house, Bro. Chester 
Burch, superintendent and Bro. Glen Bottorff, Christian Workers' 

president; for Oregon house, Bro. John Stutsman, superintendent, 
and Bro. Ben Ecker. president.— Mrs. Stella Ruff, Plymouth, Ind., 
Dec. 18. 

Buck Creek church met in business session Dec. 13. with L. L. 
Teeter presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected as 
follows: Bro. L. L. Teeter, elder; Elmer Wampole. clerk; the writer, 
"Messenger" agent and correspondent; L. L. Paul, prayer meeting 
leader; E. N. Cross, superintendent of Sunday-school. We decided 
to have a set time for our spring and fall communion, namely, the 
second Saturday of May at 7:30 P. M.. and the second Saturday in 
October, at 10^30 A. M. Wc have bought the schoolhouse just 
across the road from our church and arc remodeling it into a 
house. Our Christmas program will be rendered on Tuesday eve.— 
Pbcbe E. Teeter, Mooreland, Ind., Dec. IS. 

Elkhart City church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. Otha 
Warstler presiding. Church officers for the coming year were 
chosen: Elder. Bro. Buckley; clerk, Sylvia Kistler; president of 
Christian Workers' Society, Sister Eaton. Four letters were granted 
and two received. On Thanksgiving evening wc held baptismal 
services at our church, with Eld. Frank Kreidcr in charge. Two 
sisters from the Elkhart Valley District were baptized and one 
from our own District. Since our last correspondence the follow- 
ing visiting brethren have been with us: R. C. Wenger, J. C. 
Shultz, David Mctzler, D. C. Forney. J. II. Fikc and Bro. Gibson. 
Their sermons were much appreciated.— Da v Wyland Grove, Elkhart, 
Ind.. Dec. 20. 

Flora church held her communion services on Dec. 7. Our pastor, 
A. P. Musselman, preached the examination sermon in the fore- 
noon. Two have been received by letter since the last report. 3 the members brought to the church some of the neces- 
saries of life for our pastor and family, to show our apprecia- 
tion of his services. Dec. 19 we held our council, with Eld. H. 
C. Early presiding. Eld. Will Angel, of the Bachelor Run church 
was also present. A. P. Musselman was chosen elder.— Mnttie Welty, 
Flora, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Maple Grove.— Our revival meetings commenced Nov. 9, with Bro. 
Walter Gibson, of Goshen, Ind., in charge. They continued for 
three weeks, closing with a love feast Nov. 22. with Bro. John 
Frederick officiating. Bro. Gibson's sermons were full of inspira- 
tion to all and the community has been blessed by his being-hcrc. 
The song service was conducted by Sister Ruth Stout Meek and 
Bro. Chas. Symcnsma and was appreciated by all. Wc were also 
favored with music from the adjoining churches. Our council 
was held Nov. IS. with Eld. N. B. Heeter in charge. Bro. Gibson 
also was present. Officers for the coming year are: Superintendent, 
James Peters; Christian Workers' president. Russel Yoder; elder, 
N. B. Heeter. Brother and Sister Nathan Cross, of Laporte, were 
at the communion and remained over Sunday to interpret for a mute 
family living in our District. The third Sunday is missionary 
day and we take an offering for mission work. Nov. 7 Bro. 
Bagwell, of North Manchester, gave us an inspiring sermon. Our 
church attendance and collections have increased, for which we are 
thankful. The Ladies' Aid Society gave a program at the church Nov. 
14 which wc enjoyed.— Bertha A. Heeter, New Paris, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Middlebury church met in council Dec. 12, with Bro. T. E. George 
in charge. The report of the annual visit was given. Six letters 
were granted. Christian Workers,' officers were elected. The adult 
and junior Christian Workers have decided to unite during the 
winter. The Ministerial Association of Northern Indiana held its 
meeting here Dec. 20. On account of cold weather and icy roads 
the attendance was not so large.— Amanda J. Cripc, Middlebury, Ind.. 
Dec. 22. 

Nappanee church converted In council Dec. 16, with J. F". Apple- 
man presiding. Several letters were received, including those of 
our pastor" aitd wife. Christian Workers' officers were chosen for 
the coming year, with Hazel Miller, president. The Sunday-school 
was reorganized at a special meeting in November, when Ralph 
Miller was elected superintendent. The financial question was dis- 
cussed and a different plan was adopted for carrying on this part 
of the work. It was decided to, purchase new song books. The 
Primary, Cradle Roll and Home Departments were filso continued, 
with the same competent leaders. One member was elected on the 
pastoral board. — Mrs. Alineda Gever. Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 18. 

New Salem.— Dec. 14 we closed a two weeks' series of meetings, 
conducted hy the pastor. Bro. Emeral Jones, and Mr. McDonald, of 
Dayton, Ohio. The attendance was good throughout. Special at- 
tention was given to the children in song service. They were taught 
a number of little songs which they enjoyed singing. Mr, Mc- 
Donald is a lover of children and has a way of getting then! to 
do things. Me was called home before the close of the meet- 
ings and Sister Blanche Tridle led the singing the last evening. 
One Sundav-school boy came forward for church membership.— Dora 
Stout, Milford, Ind., Dec. 20. 

North Liberty congregation met in business session Deo. 11. Brd. 
J. F. Appleman presided. This closed his work among us as elder 
for the present. He has served this church in that office for 
the past three years. We arc now under the direction of the 
District Mission Board while receiving financial help to support 
our pastor. Two letters were received. Most of our officers were re- 
elected. New ones chosen included Bro. D«lbert Baughman. trustee" 
for three years. We decided to elect Sunday-school officer* at 
the September council next time as that will coincide with the 
time of electing primary officers. The church extended a vote of 
thanks to Bro. Appleman for his work among us. Our collection 
for the mission cause, given to the Bethany workers who were 
here Dec. ?, amounted to $36.53.— Mary Markley, North Liberty. Ind., 
Dec. 22. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council Dec. 5, with Eld. Homer 
Shrock presiding. We elected Christian Workers' officers, with 
Lester Kindy, president; Forward Movement and missionary di- 
rectors, Carrie Kindy and Mary Shrock. Bro. David Metzler, of 
Nappanee, gave us a sermon on Responsibilities, Nov. 30. Nov. 2j 
our minister, Bro. Galen Bowman, gave us a missionary and 
temperance sermon combined, and in the evening we had a program 
along the same line. Altogether our collection of morning and 
evening amounted to $104.36. Our revival began Oct. 26, with Bro. 
C. E. Swihart. of Elkhart, preaching for us. One evening we 
were favored with special singing from the Middlebury congregation 
and another time the quartet of the Colored Baptist Church of 
Elkhart gave us special music. Two were added to the church.— 
Mrs. Mate Artley, Middlebury. Ind., Dec. 22. 

South Bend.— The First Church has been enjoying some very good 
programs lately, not the least of which was " The White Gift 
Service," rendered by the Sunday-school on the evening of Dec. 
18, when the Christmas story was told in tableau and song, at 
the conclusion of which each department of the Sunday-school 
brought their gift to the foot of the cross as follows: The Be- 
ginners' Department gave $10 in pennies to missions; the Primary 
gave an outfit to a small child and a small wagon of toys to the 
Orphans' Home; the Young People gave $200 to missions in 
Africa; the Friendship Class gave $36 to missions in China; the 
Adult Classes pledged $75 for five years to the China and India 
fields; the aged men's class gave an offering to home missions 
and the aged women's class gave a bountiful dinner to a needy 
and sick sister. On the following Sunday the cantata, "The Prince 
of Peace," was rendered by the church choir to a large and ap- 
preciative audience. On Dec. 8 our elections to take care of 
the work for the ensuing year were held. Bro. Frank Kreidcr was re- 
elected elder and Bro. Charles M. Yoder was advanced to the elder- 
ship. R. E. Burger was elected church clerk, and Perry G. Stahly, 
Sunday-school superintendent.— Mrs. Mary B. Kellev, South Bend, 
Ind., Dec. 22. 

Upper Deer Creek dhurch met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. Ervin 
Fisher in charge. It was unanimously decided to put in a call 
for the District Meeting to he held here in October, 1925. We 
feel very anxious for this meeting as it will mean a spiritual 
strengthening for many of our members who are seldom privileged 
to attend such meetings. Certificates of membership wt 



from Bro. Oscar Wolfe and wife an d certificates granted to Bro 
David Wolfe and family. The following officers were elected for 
the coming year: Church clerk, Frank Burrous; Sunday-school 
superintendent. Ceo. Murphy. A Sunday-school Board, consisting 
of the pastor, superintendent and assistant was decided upon to 
select the tcachers.-Mrs. F. T. Younker, Burlington, Ind., Dec. 22. 
Wawaka.— Our quarterly meeting was postponed until Dec. 21, when 
church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 1925. Harry 
). Fnck was retained as superintendent and J. B. Swank as clerk. 
aging .between fifty 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3. 1925 

T, r .'!;,''',"\ G ?'t'; ie '. C '"" ,l ! C " :d "" '»P«™»1 services. We received 
fcl"» , iT'; 4«rin«ttat. »>««!,>„. We me, io council 
mod„,;„; ,„, L A -. Gl,,l >™ «» moderator. We elected him ,. 

moderator lor thc com.n 8 j.ari superintendent, Bro. lolie Fike- 
Messenger" ag e„, „„ d correspondent, the writer. One letter ,» 
gran.ed.-M,.. Audrey Stutrrnan. Blis.neld, Mich,. Dec " 








it be i 

teres ting 







10 tc the 

: a few families have from 
-Jacob A. Eberly, Ligonier, 

Alice Kinzie. 
Lord's side, 
prior to our 
Lord's table, 

al of the 
and rendered special music 
a basket dinner. On Thanksgiving 
a collection of $41 was taken for I 
following Sunday 
lembers who 

ol Saturday evening. On Sunday 
-Pearl B. Kinzie, Aukcny. Iowa. 

a quartet from Bethany Bible Scho 
evening is our Christmas program. 
Dec. 17. 

Iowa River church met in council Dec. 14. wi[h Bro. Kcedy pre- 
siding. Our Sunday-school and Christian Workers* officers were 
elected and Bro. Kcedy will be our elder for another year. Our 
Bible Institute will begin Dec. 20, conducted by Bro. A. J. Brum- 
Russell, Iojva River, Iowa, Dec. 18. 
-erics of meetings was held by our pastor, Bro. 
. 9 to 20. We had a very interesting and spiritual 
strengthened in our work here. 'We held 
Nov. 2$ we had an interesting missionary 
large crowd. Dec. 13 we met in council, 
n charge. Two letters were granted and 
lected, with Sister Mary 

baugh.— Ota 

J. G. Rarick, 
meeting and feel much 
our love feast Nov. 16. 
program attended by a 
with Eld. A. M. Stine i 
six received. Officers foi 

Eacely, superintendent. Sunday morning we held 
service when Sister J. G. Rarick was installed to th' 
The work here is progressing very nicely.— Homer Miller, 
Iowa, Dec. 19. 

North English church met in council Dec, 6, with Eld. W. H. 
Long as moderator. Nine members were received by letter the 
past year. The Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were 
elected, with J. S. Miller, superintendent; Wilbur Miller, president; 
J. A. Smith, pastor.— A. W. Miller, South English, Iowa, Dec. 22. 

Ottumwa church just closed a successful revival meeting of two 
weeks, conducted by our pastor, W. E. Thompson. Sixteen were 
baptized— eleven adults, ten heads of families. Our new baptistry 
was used for this purpose; it is perhaps one of the best in this 
community. A treat was given to the children Dec. 21 after the 
morning preaching- services.— Lawrence Clark, Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 22. 


Eden Valley.— The District Conference of Southwestern Kansas con- 
vened with us Oct. 10-14. There was a good attendance and the 
splendid program created a desire to do more and better work for 
Christ and the church. Oct. 19, Brother and Sister Austin leading, 
we began a special campaign in evangelism which lasted three 
weeks. As a result there were thirty-nine confessions, twenty- 
eight of whom were baptized, four received by letter, two reclaimed; 
and two wished to unite with another 
great meeting, uniting our community 
S, Nov. 16, we held our love feast, our 
officiating. Our Ladies' Aid Society 
c been doing some very commendable 
The church and parsonage have been 
fresh paint and paper. The Ladies' 
District Conference guests throughout 
y-school officers for the coming year 
Promotion Day observed. Our council 
meeting was held Sept. 29, with our elder, Bro. E. S. Fox. presid- 
ing.— J. R. Miller. St. John, Kans., Dec. 16. 

Mont Ida.— The Anderson County Sunday-school Convention met 
here in October and was entertained jointly by the Methodist 
church' and ours. Much interest was manifested at the meeting. 
Since Oct. 1 Brethren Wm. C. Watkins and O. H. Feiler have 
favored us with some good sermons. Our church held a short series 
of meetings Nov. 9 to 23. A good interest was manifest. We 
met in council Dec. 14. Eld. D. P. Neher presided. Church and 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the year. Bro. Neher was re- 
elected elder in charge, and Bro. E. A. Vanscoyoc, superintendent of 
the Sunday-school. Our mid-week prayer meeting convenes in 
the homes on Wednesday evening of each week. The Ladies' Aid 
Society which meets on Thursday is doing a good work and has 
• quite a nice fund on hand.— Anna Miller, Mont Ida, Kans., Dec. 17. 
Quinter chuTch met in annual council Dec. 6, with Eld. D. A. 
Crist presiding. All officers for the church and adult part of the 
Sunday-school were reelected with but few changes: Church clerk, 
G. A. Lahman; "Messenger" agent and correspondent, Mrs. J. W. 
Jarboe; Sunday -school superintendent, J. D. Metsker; president of 
Christian Workers' Society, Sister Josephine Ikenberry. These, with 
a full corps of teachers and others arc working for the best interest 
of the church. Our Sunday-school maintains a good interest under 
the leadership of Bro. Norman Flora who has worked with untiring 
effort for the past two years ip bringing the Sunday-school up 
to the standard. We now have twelve classes in the adult de- 
partment and sixteen in the primary and intermediate. The young 
people are preparing a cantata, " Prophecy and Fulfillment," to be 
given Sunday evening, Dec. 21. Bro. O. H. Feiler, of McPhcrson. 
recently gavx: a lecture illustrated with lantern slides. Bro. Ray 
Wagoner was here Dec. I in the interest of McPherson College 
Nov. 31 we had with us Bro. G.,R. Ellcr, who is moving to 
Kansas City to take up the pastorate there. We appreciated the 
service of these brethren very much. Our Aid Society is doing 
good work, with Sister G. A. Hill, president. We recently sent 

three a 

c awaiting baptism 


This was indeed . 


On Sunday evenin 


Bro. Paul Brandt 

and Me 

n's Bible Class ha 

work in 

a material way. 


inside and out b 

Aid ser 

ved meals to our 

the ent 

re meeting. Sunda 

were el 

cted Oct. 1, and 

. J. H. Keller, of 
two good sermons 


DesJUoinw Valley.-A two weeks' revival was held in October, 

"7. E. West, of Mt. Morris, as evangelist, and Sister 

of Chicago, as song leader. Eight came out on the 

The pastor administered baptism on Saturday afternoon 

love feast. One hundred twenty-five surrounded the 

seven different churches being represented. During 

ighbon'ug churches came in a body 

Sunday the meeting closed with 

ing there were services and 

:he General Mission Board. The 

§49 was taken for one of our 

accident. We will have with us 


Dec. 16. 

Winonn.-Our series of meetings which began Dec. 1 clt 
a communion the evening of the 15th. Bro. Mont* gave us 
Idw!f'| PO rV ^ ii,i0 !' '° IR ' r80nal WOrk " °" c nc «P lcd Christ 

wc feci w ,'lfh '. C ChUrC " fCCCiVCtl mUd ' S P' ritUal l ™ 1 «d 
we feci we shall be of greater service to the community because 

rv,n ?«'„ I I LcW8,on congregation, preached for us Saturday 
evening and Sunday morning and evening. He also officiated at 
which about forty were present.— Mrs. J. C. Forney, 

s feast 
Winona, Mil 

Dec. 18. 

church met 

:, „ 

... council Dec. 7. with Eld. J. A. Eddy 

and Sunday-school officers we had an all-day meeting. Sister 
fclste Finckh will supcrmtend our Vacation Bible School. She had 
Charge last year and we are very glad to be able to have her 
witn us again. We expect to have a revival in the spring or as 
soon as arrangements can be made. Our pastor asked for ad- 
ditional help from some of th c organized classes and Aid Society 
o hep lift our church debt. The Aid Society is to raise $250; 
the Men s Bible Class, $150; the Young People's Class, $100. On 
Thanksgiving Day we had preaching and a community dinner 
Which was enjoyed very much by all. Our love feast was held 
in the evening.— Ruth Eddy. Worthington, Minn.. Dec. 16. 


Nevada.— As has been mentioned before the work here was 
opened up last March. The pastor held a two weeks' evangelistic 
service in October. The work now, we are glad to report is in 
the direction of growth. Our business meeting was held Dec 6 
with Bro. Adkms. our elder, .as moderator. One letter was re- 
ceived. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Sister Ethel 
Harncr, superintendent; church clerk, Sister Clara Miller- "Mes- 
senger " agent and correspondent, the writer. A junior Christian 
Workers' Society meets each Sunday evening under thc direction 
of bister Harncr. They are planning on many things for the 
future.— D. D. Harncr, Nevada, Mo., Dec, 11. 

SbelSy County church met in council Dec. *1J. Bro. J. S, Carney 
presided. Officers were elected for the coming year: Elder J S 
Carney; pastor, J. H. Keller; correspondent and " Messenger "' agent] 
Sister J. S. Carney; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Cletus Carney; 
Christian Workers' president, Sister Esta Folger. We decided to 
have a series of meetings sometime during 1925, providing wo can 
secure a minister. We take a special offering each second Sunday 
for the General Mission Board. The offering today was $9.25. 
enjoyed Thanksgiving services at thc church. The offering for 
.ssions was $10. Nov. 9 Bro. Ray S. Wagoner gave his 
illustrated lecture on McPherson College to a large audience, Wo 
would be pleased to have some of our members that teach put 
in an application here in our high school, where you can have 
church privileges and help us in the good cause. We have preach- 
ing, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Meetings the year round. 
For any information wanted address the writer.— Mrs. J II. Keller, 
Leonard, Mo., Dec. 16. 


Whitefish.— Since several members of the Kalispell church are 
living at Whitefish and find the distance of eighteen miles too 
far to drive in the winter to services, we decided to start a Sun- 
day-school at this place. Nov. 19 we met at the home of Bro. 
Lewis Fry and with thc assistance of Bro. J. H. Graybill, or- 
ganized a school, with Sister Cora Webb, superintendent. We have 
an enrollment of thirty-one and more trc coming later. Outsiders 
are taking good interest and are helping us out with the work. 
Several have invited us to hold our midweek Bible study in 
their homes, for which we are very grateful. We have a very 
comfortable hall rented for $5 a month with heat furnished, in 
which to hold our Sunday-school. We hnvc also organized a Ladies' 
Aid, with the writer as president. We hope thereby to help out 
with our Sunday-school and also do some mission work.— Minnie 
Fry, Whitefish, Mont., Dec. 11. 


Lincoln church met in council Dec. 14. Eld, J. R, Smith pre- 
sided, Officers for church and Sunday-school were elected: Bro. 
J. R. Smith, elder; Sister Minnie Horsh. clerk; Bro. J. S. Gabel, re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. We are having a very inter- 
esting singing class conducted by Sister Cooper.— Sadie E. Plock, 
Lincoln, Nebr.. Dec. 15. 

Fraternity churcfi met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. C. B. Faw 
presiding. The following officers were circled: Elder, C. R. Faw; 
Sunday-school superintendent, H. D. Robertson. Nov. 16 Bro. J. 
S. Zigler, of Selma, Va., began a series of meetings preaching twenty- 
one Spirit-filled sermons. One united with thc church by baptism 
and the church feels that much good has been accomplished. Our 
Thanksgiving offering for missions was $24,— Mrs,. H, D. Robertson, 
Wins ton -Salem, N. C-, Dec. 14. 

Dec 14 two were baptized by our pastor, Bro. Earl L. Flora These 

lad n the^lT X "^"i^' m3ke f ° Ur Mi ° a > '° ™ S 

ami in the last few months, through our regular 
little union Sunday-school expect ' 
dinner and a short pro 




itmas Day for 

—Mrs. Laura L. Flora, 


MorrUl.-Wc had thc pleasure of havini? 
Minneapolis. Minn., with us Dec. 5-7. He gai 

W [ h W0 ." 1, w S,i "l ' ecU,rCS ' Bro - Kcllcr na9 u «» chosen elder 
r Ins church for the coming year. Bro. H. H. Wmgort, of Kingsley. 

The« "rcT ^ ^ " ;i " l! !? Bnd BaVC US tWO K°° d ""«»' 
of our own Th' • »0P««ated as we have no preaching services 

. our own. Uus ,s a good country and anyone thinking of chang- 
ng locations might do well to look it over. We are Anxious to 
* mimster locate hcre.-Mrs. Effic Johnson, Foley, Minn.. 


a B "k ^r! , i;7 T v h c a ;; ksC[ivi ^ Day we had a very *°° d »**« ^ 

Miter \nl/ K ( PC ? plc m con "«t.on with a sermon by the 

Board- &.°S B st o! A srsfl r taken for „ ,hc GencFai Missi °°- 
as much «J^^*?ff xa^frsis 2? 

S f arber A.™*™* Presiding. %Te t hr en Li 
J u f f offs L n « cr wc " P^sent to assist in the 
of church officers. Bro. Parker Filbrun was re 

N B ff f "V W ° yCar ?. a " d pastor (or the ">■"*»« 
Messenger" agent; the writer, church 

■ng, with 
annual elccti 
elected elder 
year; Sister 


t part 
splendid program 
: attendance was 182. 

, - ■» ' "■•- "Hici, tiiurcn 

being Bro Cisiita "•*? TS by '"'"• ■"">"« <»«» 
Dec It „,„ ri , r- """"'"■ a "d '"is wife, /torn Minnesota. 

s^rsjsr^ 0,,r "•»'?»'"»' MJSjvESS 

....„„,„,,. .„„| „,„,„,, „,,„ Mch , . 

in tnc program. They responded willinglv 
wns jive,,, „i(h , ,„„, .„, ,,,e child™. 

Uur Sunday-school is growing steadily and we are rln.-.„ . 

year with a good record.-Mavdie W. Filbrun, D.yton, Ohta £!c' a 

Beech Orove church met in council Dec. 6 with Eld B V 

revivnj.— Mrs, Russell Pease, Hollansburg, Ohio, Dec 17 

bv F °uro r Y'r rC n. 'I"!-,'' ",",? ™ ry »«~««'»1 «v, : v,l,' conducted 
» Uro. D G. Bcrkelule. ol Bradford, Ohio. The attendance w,. 

'"'" 1 "I" interest good throughout the i, S »?! 

was preached „„„ power and fon.iction Sp 2j Jusic was 
rendered by the y„„„g people ol the church. The church f«h 
v.,y „,„cl, strengthened and „p„, ttd by ,,,,„ meeting, Dec 4 
h« member, met at ,l, c church and ten were baptS At J 
las. C0l.nct , No, 2S, we elected Bro. Jason Lindower Sunday schcS 
Ohio! "l™ "„. " ,C C0 "' i, " , """-Veil. Whitntore Fo"oru! 

Ft. McKlnley church met in council 
for the coming year. Lid, H, W. Holler ' 



3 to elect officers 
a .insisted by Eld. Jesse 
NOfflinger. Tins year we U «d the printed ballot system and it 
proved very successful. Our present elder. Bro. H. W. Holler was re- 
elected; ilio Jam Albert, clerk- treasurer, and W. C. Baker, who 
ha- proven h.miel lo lie an efficient Sunday-school superintendent. 
The new board of Religious Education consists of the secretaries 

The chuTh h T m, " MBl , ThC Writ " was Cll03<n ""respondent, 
Lite church has progressed very nicely during the past year and 
all are praying and working for even a greater church this coming 
year-Mrs. Orpin. Murray, Dayton, Ohio, Dee. 15. 

Georgetown church met in council Dec. 7. with Eld. Sylvan Book- 
walter m charge. Eld. Enos Brumbaugh, of the Salem church as- 
Biated m the work All officers for the coming year were elected. 
Uro. Sylvan Bookwalter being reelected elder; Brethren Harry Delk 
and ,V J, Johnson Sunday school superintendents; Sisters Mary 
Weisenbarger and Vc ma Helsey. officers for the Christian Workers' 
Meeting; Bro. Wm. Kress, trustee; Sister Jennie Ikenberry. "Mes- 
senger" agent. Members were elected on ministerial/financial, 
missionary and temperance committees. A collection was taken for. 
fund. We arc expecting Bro. J. A. Robinson 
future.— Mary Weiscnbarger, Laura, 

Greenville church met in business session Dee. 12, with Bro. 
Sharp presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro 
Sharp, elder and pastor; Sunday-school superintendent. J W 
Wemicr; Bro. Ohcd Hovattcr, clerk; Bro. Noah Coate, trustee. A 
number of other officers were chosen. Two letters were received 
and three grantcd.-Mrs. Anna Witwer, Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 16. 
Logan church met in annual December business meeting Dee 6 
ith Eld. Henry Z. Smith in charge. The fifteen officers elected 
willingly assumed the responsibility of making the 
— of good work in the Master's service, and thc in- 
on thc part of all present indicates that they will 
hearty support, Eld. H, 7,. Smith will continue as elder 
charge by an almost unanimous vote. Mrs. Emma Good was 
corrcspondcnt.-John H. Good, Belle fontaine, Ohio, 

at III 

coming yea 1 
tercst manifested 

t in special 
!ng our Sund; 
at We Ium 
Society, and 
Dee. 12 Bro 

chosen chu 
Dec. 17. 

Ludlow church m 
purpose of reorgani; 
elected superintcndi 
Christian Workers' 
tercst manifested, 
cellent lecture on p 

Marlon.— First church met in i 
Byerly, presiding. The officer. 
were elected for the year: EId< 
Hams; corresponding secretary, 
on the missionary, temperance 
committees. Sunday-school offi 
superintendent. Grace McAfee 
budget for 1925 

sented and unanimously accepted by thc chur 
next year included more for pastoral support as 
The Christian Workers decided to purchase a m 
pastor, Ralph R. Hation, is going to publish a 
decided to have a three night meeting prei 

icmbers' meeting Dec, 13. for the 
y-school. Bro. D. W. Bright was 
: also organized a departmental 
arc much pleased with the in- 
Edw. FranU delivered his ex- 
E. Delk, Pitsburg. Ohio, Dec. 18. 
ncil Dec. 11, with our elder, David 
f the church and Sunday-school 
David Byerly; clerk, W. F. Wil- 
c writer. One each was elected 
id purity, finance and ministerial 
i were chosen, with Ellis Snider, 
president of Christian Workers. 
much more than 1924 

budget for 

well as other items. 

limeograph and the 

weekly paper. It 

ding Easter, and 

Can-in g to 

for six mo 
in tend ent. 

i of clothing to the Get 



-Mrs. J. W. Jarboe, 


Union Bridge.— During the late summer and early fall we looked 
forward with anxious hearts to the completing of the addition 
to our church. The dedicatory services were 'held Nov. 23. We 
enjoyed three forceful and inspiring sermons during the day In" 
the morning Bro. J. A. Garber, from Washington, D. C, spoke on 
" What the Church Stands For." In the afternoon Bro. Mitchell 
Stover, of Waynesboro, talked on the purpose and function of the 
church. In the evening Bro. J. M. Henry, of Blue Ridge College, 
took for his text, " What Shall I Do With Jesus. Who Is Called 
the Christ?" and on thc following, evening wc enjoyed another of 
his sermons. Tuesday evening Bro. J. H. Wimmer, of Bluefield 
W. Va., began a series of meetings which closed Dec. 7. Never 
before did we have such a soul-thrilling revival. Not only our 
own congregation but the whole community was stirred to a new 
realization of the soul's needs by the powerful and convincing 
""tssages of Bro. Wimmer. Our hearts rejoiced when twenty-one 

ing an evangelist 
ton, N. Dak., Dec. 20. 

Minot church met in council Dec, 
siding. Officers were elected for th 
Bro. Jorgen Boc; trustee, Bro. Ra 
senger " agent and Sunday-school supci 


council Dec. 6. with Eld. O. A. Myer 
h and Sunday-school 

',. E. Wengcr, super- 
iors in June, provid- 

Officcrs were elected for the cb 
iths, with Bro. Myer, elder; Bro 
ided to hold a series of m 

procured.— Mrs. Daisy B. Kreps, Carring- 

, with Eld, C. I. Michael pre- 

:oming year as follows: Elder, 

Harris, correspondent, " Mes- 

ident, the writer. Hern- 

ial and Sunday 

Workers' Meet- 
granted. Bro. C. C. 

: to us about a year ago are 
Zook, Minot, N. Dak., Dec. 21. 

mfesscd Je: 


renewed her covenant v. 
Union Bridge, Md., Dec. 

ith the Refon 


1 Church.— Ruth Dolterer, 


FaJrvlew.— We just closed a three weeks' series 
ducted by Bro. J. L. Mahon. of Youngstown O 
twenty-five inspiring sermons. Seventeen we're 
tism and three await the rite; two were reela 

meetings, con- 
He preached 
:eivcd by bap- 
cd. Our elder. 

on the 
Sister Alice Myers is president 
ing. Two letters were received 
Myers and family who 
located at Surrey,— Chas 

Surrey church met in council Oct. 29, with Eld. D. T, Dierdorff 
presiding. Two letters were granted. In July wc held the District 
Meeting and our treasurer, Sister Lizzie Dierdorff. made the finan- 
cial report: received, $619.60 for meals, and also some returns from 
the refreshment stand; expenses, $547.64; balance on hand. $71,96, 
which was duly turned over to the District treasurer. In response 
to the call of thc General Mission Board Oct 19 our offering was 
$50, but we have decided to make it $100 since the need is so 
urgent. Wc expect to hold a Bible Institute during thc holidays 
and have the promise of Bro. D. D. Fundcrhurg, of Chicago, as 
instructor. Our ministerial committee is looking for an evangelist 
to hold a series of meetings next June. Our Sunday-school is 
preparing a program for Christmas. The weather is clear and cold 
with very little snow.— D. T. Dierdorff, Surrey, N. Dak.. Dec. 11. 

Turtlo Mountain chu 
meeting in the Little 
i short program was 

■ch spent Thanksgiving Day in a community 
Vairie arm of our congregation. After dinner 
■njoyed, followed by a sermon by the pastor. 

close with a communion on Saturday evening, March 14. The 
interest and attendance at the mid-week prayer meetings has been 
exceptional thc past month, larger than they have ever been. We 
have been studying thc Gospel—" What It Is," " What It Does." 
" To Whom It Was Sent," and " What to Do With It." On Wednes- 
day evening, Dec. 17, after prayer meeting, while the pastor and 
his wife were detained at the church, the members who were at 
prayer meeting, and others, gathered at the parsonage and when 
they came in, surprised them, giving them donations of all kinds. 
A social hour was enjoyed and refreshments were served. On Sun- 
day evening. Dec. 21. the pastor will tell "The Story of the Other 
Wiseman," illustrating it with colored stercopticon slides. Dec. 28 
wc are expecting Eld. Otho Winger, President of Manchester Col- 
lege, to be with us both morning and evening.— Mrs. Ralph R. 
Hatton, Marion, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

New Carlisle church was greatly blessed by having Bro. Edw. 
Frantz with us Sunday evening, Nov. 2. to deliver a lecture on 
Peace. Nov. 28 our church met in council, with Eld. Daniel Dredge 
presiding. One letter was received. A letter was granted to Bro. 
Galen Roycr and wife who recently took charge of the Nappanee 
church. Ind. A letter of greeting and appreciation of the fellow- 
ship which they enjoyed while here was received and read. Bro. 
Guy E. Studcbakcr was chosen Sunday-school superintendent, and 
other church officers were elected. A report of the Sisters' Aid 
Society was read. Sister Maree Zinn was selected to lead the 
singing during our revival which will begin Jan. 5, in charge of 
Bro. J. A. Robinson, of Pleasant Hill. Ohio— Cinda Barnhart, New 
Carlisle, Ohio, Dec. 9. 

Poplar Grove church met in council Dec. 20. Five letters were 
granted and one was received. The following officers were elected: 
Superintendent, H. M. Blocher; " Messenger " agent and church cor- 
respondent, Blanche Wagner; president of Christian Workers, Ralph 
Halladay. Members were also chosen on the temperance, missionary 
and ministerial committees and on the Sunday-school Board. Our 
evangelistic meetings, conducted by Eld. B. F. Petry, closed Dec. 
14. Bro. Petry preached fifteen very inspiring sermons. On ac- 
{Continued on Page 16) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


(Continued (roro Page 11) 
open discussion of vital questions we meet in our tasks. 
Some of our young people met with the adults and 
entered into the spirit of the meeting. 

A new featurc^oi these meetings -was that of an hour 
each d*y"ffian open discussion of: Who is God? Where 
is he? How can I know him?" Ezra Flory. 

Elgin, III. _^. 


Last week when I wrote to you I was sure there was 
another matter about which I had been intending to 
write but, rack my poor brain as I would, the thing would 
not be located. Since that time it has reappeared. And 
here it is. 

The India missionaries are planning— or hoping— to have 
a real exhibit at the Conference this year; one that will 
show you some of the things as they really are; some- 
thing that will tend to show you what we are actually up 
against in our work. We want to give you glimpses of 
village life as it is seen by the worker; the people he 
meets up with; the encouragements he receives; and, the 

To do this each station is asked to contribute its quota; 
letters are being sent to many of you for your help and 
cooperation. If you receive any such will you do your 
best to make this worth while? If you do not, or if you 
do, it will be well worth your while to go to this Con- 
ference to see— and learn. If you really want to know 
more about Indian life, and you do, then plan to attend. 
Sister Shumaker is arranging to start home a little early 
in order that she may help to arrange this exhibit. 

At this writing our winter seems to have set in. It also 
seemed to have set in about three weeks ago. Nights were 
cool and pleasant. Then there was a little spell of summer. 
At least in Bulsar. Now it has come back— the cool 
weather, I mean. Temperature here this morning is 56. 
It does not get much cooler than this at Bulsar, though 
it sometimes registers from 10 to 15 degrees lower at some 
of the other stations. And with this cooler weather the 
evangelists plan to get out into the Districts. Bro. Eby 
and family are leaving this morning, Nov. 28. Their lug- 
gage has already gone. Indeed they had planned to go 
day before yesterday but the carts did not come. And so 
they lived in camp while at home. 

Brethren Miller and Long, with their families, at Ankles- 
var, have changed residences in order that both may be 
closer to their work; or rather, that Bro. Long may be 
closer to his. The bungalow is located near the new 
school of which he, Bro. Long, is the head. Bro. Miller's 
work is out in the District anywhere from one mile to 
fifteen. So a matter of half a mile or so on the mission 
compound makes very little difference. 

Sister Swartz seems to make no improvement. Some- 
times she seems better for a day or so. Then worse. This 
week she has been as low as perhaps she ever was. But 
through all her suffering she is very patient. We all re- 
member her daily. 

Pray for and with us in this evangelistic season that 
souls may be born into the Kingdom. t e. Wagoner. 

Bulsar, India. . .». . 


After our last visit to the State -farm, a prison of 18,000 
acres which does not seem much like a prison, and fol- 
lowing the service, the names of fourteen men were called. 
They all walked out and lined up at the call — all colored 
men, hardy and strong. They were chained together. 
Then their names were called again, each one responding, 
to see if they had the right ones. Then they started for 
the station, two miles distant, where they took the train 
for the road camp. There are thirty such road camps 
where the convicts live who build those roads which are 
as smooth as glass, and over which the tourists glide so 
swiftly as they come to the " State of flowers." 

At the station we had to wait sometime for the train. 
The fourteen boys were seated in a truck, with the captain 
and guards near by. My heart beat tenderly for the boys, 
and I went over and said, " Captain, may I talk to the 
boys a little?" He replied, "Go at it." Most of the 
captains are learning to know me. 

I started in like this: " Boys, something has gone wrong 

in your life. In fact, something has been wrong in all of 

our lives. There is no difference, only in degree. We 

feel very sorry for you. I hope you are all sorry you 

had to go from home and be prisoners, guarded with 

I guns. Now learn these two things: that law is supreme, 

and when you become dangerous, or a menace to society, 

| society has the right to take care of you. Isn't that so? " 

And they said it was. I said: "Here is a little book 

that will give you much joy if you will read it and do 

like Jeremiah — eat it. Apply its teachings to yourself and 

others." Then I gave them each a Gospel of John. 

Every one thanked me and most of them said they would 

read it. 

The colored people respond quickly to good and to 
evil. The main difficulty lies in the fact that the whites 
have treated them so much like they did the red man. 

I gave them specially four things to observe as they 
read. And I walked away with a more tender heart of 

It was not ten minutes till they were singing gospel 
hymns sitting there on the truck, ready to go out, some 
to serve life sentences. Here 1 come to my text: How 
could they do it? How can we do many things? The 
children of Israel could only mourn in captivity. They 
could not sing when asked to do so. These sang spon- 
taneously. How could they do it? 

If a little presented to the heart longing for freedom, 
brings joy— a kind of deliverance— what would it be to 
the sinful world if the believers in Jesus were full and 
bubbling over with his message of love? Would it not 
be a repetition of what came to pass at Jerusalem? Not 
all were regenerated. Some were made fighting mad. 
Then the battle was on. Who got the real victory? 
"Thanks be to God who giveth us the victory through 
our Lord Jesus Christ." Men are not always fighting 
for Jesus when they think they are. 

St. Petersburg, Fla. J- E. Young. 


Eld. D. A. Naff was bom June 27, 1848, was reared, 
lived and died November 30th, 1924, all on the same- farm 
at Naffs, Franklin County, Virginia. He was the youngest 
child of Eld. Abram and 
Sister Hannah Naff, and the 
last one to be called away. 
July 22, 1869 he was married 
to Sister Hannah Bowman. 
To this union were born ten 
children. He leaves his 
faithful companion, thirty- 
nine grandchildren, seventeen 
great-grandchildren, other 
sorrowing relatives, and a 
large circle of sympathizing 

Bro. Naff was elected to the ministry in the Church 
of the Brethren June 22, 1872, was advanced to the second 
degree Jan. 23, 1875, and ordained to the eldership No- 
vember 27, 1886. His home was in the bounds of the 
Bethlehem congregation of which he was a charter mem- 
ber. He lived to see it number 450 communicants. In 
addition to these a number had been baptized into this 
congregation that have moved into various sections of our 
beloved fraternity, and many others to the " Home Over 
There." It was his pleasure to see many people unite 
with the church under his leadership and preaching. 

During his ministry, and especially the early part, he 
did much traveling on horseback over hills and rough 
roads, preaching in this and adjoining counties. Much 
-time was spent without any compensation in a material 
way. Though no record was kept, he preached more 
funerals than any other man in this part of the country 
during his active ministry. He did keep a record of the 
marriages solemnized, there being 234 of these. He was 
a man of influence in his community, a good business 
man, and a good father; practically all of his descendants 
that are old enough are members of the Church of the 

He was also a leader in the work of our District, hav- 
ing served on committees, as moderator of District Meet- 
ings, and on Standing Committee at Annual Conference 
four times to my knowledge. He had charge of the Beth- 
lehem congregation for a number of years, which were 
years of peace and growth. He also had charge of some 
smaller congregations quite a distance from home at dif- 
ferent times during his ministry. He was conservative, 
and unassuming. His counsel and advice was often 
sought. Truly a good man in Israel has fallen. 

Services were conducted at the Cedar Bluff church- 
house by Bro. C. E. Eller and the writer on December 
1st with a large congregation in attendance, quite a num- 
ber not being able to get into the house. The body was 
laid to rest in the family burying ground on the farm 
where he had lived all his life. L, A. Bowman. 

Boone Mill, Va. 

twenty-five Bro. Yundt became a member of the Church 
of the Brethren and was a faithful Christian. He served 
the Naperville church as a deacon and then in 1882 he 
entered the ministry. He was an active, fearless preacher 
as long as health permitted. In his time he served the 
Chicago, 111., and the La Verne and Pomona, Calif.,, 
churches as elder. Very frequently his counsel was 
sought on subjects pertaining to church activities, both 
as to the work of the organization and the solution of 
individual matters. During his residence on the farm he: 
_gave a large part of the winter months to the service of 
the church. These days when service is so largely capi- 
talized Bro. Yundt could look back upon much of in- 
dividual effort and monetary sacrifice as a duty per- 
formed, and not as a benefaction under the popular term 
of service. 

He preached two sermons last year, one on his eightieth 
birthday and one shortly before. He was untiring in his 
efforts for the Lord. Seldom was his place vacant in 
the church or prayer meeting. He was a constant sufferer 
and had to walk with the use of two canes. The new.- 
Pomona church, not being completed, funeral services; 
were held at La Verne by Bro. H. A. Frantz. Burial j 
in La Verne cemetery. Mrs , Lee Newland,. 

Pomona, Calif. E. R. Yundt. 


Note: For the facts cents 
to both E. R. Yundt, the 
Lee Newland, the Pomona cl 
for the use of two signatur 

d in this obituary we are indebted 
of Eld. S. E. Yundt, and to Mrs. 
ch correspondent. This fact accounts 
at the end of the sketch. 

Eld. Simon E. Yundt was born March 30, 1844, near 
Lititz, in Lancaster Co., Pa. He died at Pomona, Calif., 
Nov. 18, 1924, aged eighty years, seven months and eigh- 
teen days. When he was twelve years old the family 
moved to Naperville, 111. He was born on a farm 
and he continued to live on a farm until he moved to 
Mt. Morris in 1891. Of the family of eight children two 
remain, one brother and a sister. Nov. 30, 1865 Bro. 
Yundt was married to Catherine Lehman who survives 
with two children — E. R. Yund'-, of Pomona, and Mrs. 
W. I. T. Hoover, of La Verne, California; there are also 
five grandchildren. In 1900 the family came to La Verne, 
Calif., and five years later to Pomona. At the age of 


D. A. Hufford was the second of a family «f twelve 
children, and was born Nov. 26, 1840 in Clinton County,. 
Ind. He was married to Mary J. Replogle, ofj Cerra 
Gordo, 111., Jan. 16, 1862.. 
Her death pecurred in Aug- 
ust, 1916. There were nine 
children, three dying in in- 
fancy. Two sons and four 
daughters survive; also twen- 
ty-five grandchildren and 
twenty-five great-grandchil- 
dren. Bio. Hufford died 
Nov. 19, 1924, at the home 
of his daughter, Mrs. J. C. . 
Stong. Cancer of the stor\t>, 
ach caused his death. 
Bro. Hufford established his home near Rossville,, God;. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren at the age of * 
twenty and was elected to the ministry in 1880, devoting 
much of his time to the church. He settled in North . 
Dakota in March, 1897, filing on a homestead soon after-. 
ward, and endured all the trials and hardships of pioneer-, 
ing. He was present at the organization of the Salenij 
church in 1898, and became its first Sunday-school super-- 
intendent and church treasurer. He was a faithful, con- 
sistent member to the day of his death. 

He was anointed by Eld. Jerry Kesler who also con- 
ducted the funeral service, assisted by Eld. Fred Sherland, 
Interment was made in the Salem cemetery,' 

Bro. Hufford had an unwavering faith in all the princi- 
ples of the church and his influence was very strong 
amongst the members as well as others. 

Starkweather, N. Dak. J. W. Shively. 


Ales hire, Sarah Short, born in Page County, Va., died at the 
home of her son. in Cleveland Township, Nov. 3, 1924, aged S3 
years, 1 month and 1 day. She was married to David AJeshire 
Oct. 26, 1867; he died Aug. 24, 1884. There were three children, 
one son preceding her in 1909. In 1886 Mrs, Ale shire and her 
children came to Stafford County where they have resided ever 
since. She united with the Church of the Brethren when a girl 
and remained in that faith to the end, being a member of the 
Eden Valley church for a number of years. Services by Bro. Paul 
K. Brandt from that church. Interment in Fairview cemetery.— 
J. R. Miller, St. John, Kans. 

Backus, Olive Pearl (Dietr), wife of Archie L. Backus, and . 
daughter of Rev. and Mrs. John F. Dietz, died in the hospital at 
Pomona, Calif., Nov. 25, 1924, aged 32 years and 10 months. She . 
leaves her husband, one daughter, several brothers and sisters and j 
her parents. She united with the Church of the Brethren at a, 
very early age and has been a faithful Christian. Detroit w»a : 
her home after her marriage until August, 1923, when they went; 
to California. The body was brought to Detroit. Services in the- 
church by the undersigned. Interment in the Forest Lawn ceme-. 
tery.— A. O. Mote, Detroit, Mi ch. 

Berkey, Virginia, adopted daughter of Harry and Adeline Ber- 
key, died at her home Dec. 3. 1924, aged 3 years, 9 months and! 
27 days. Death was due to the effects of burns she received when 
' her clothing caught fire. She leaves father and mother and two. 
brothers. Services at the Des Moines Valley church by Bro. Robt. 
Sink. Interment in cemetery near by— Pearl L. KJnzle, Ankeny, 

Craig, Mrs. Mary Lohr, died Nov. 23, 1924, at her home in Tarrs, 
aged 80 years. Although she had been ill for several years her 
death was sudden. Surviving are her husband ' and two sons, 
sixteen grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. Mrs. Craig was 
born in Indian Creek, Oct. IS, 1844, the daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Samuel R- Lohr. She married Samuel B. Craig July 13, 
1880. She united with the Church of the Brethren about fifty* 
five years ago and had lived a consistent member ever since. 
Services by Bro. Becghly and Rev. Rowc, of the Methodist church,— 
Ruth Strohm, Mt. Pleasant. Pa. 

Fike, Albert M„ son of Joseph J. and Susan Fike, was born in 
Somerset County, Pa., and died at his home near Modesto, Calif., 
on Dec. 12. 1924, aged 67 years, 1 month, 4 days. He moved with 
his parents in 1870, to Milledgeville, Illinois. On Dec. 3, 1882. he 
was married to Frances Louisa Harrington, and to them were born 
two children. They lived in California since 1918. More than two 
years of progressive paralysis was the cause of his death. Funeral 



service and burial in Modesto, in charge of Bro. Levi Winklehleck, 
ass.sted by Bro. W. H. Meyers.-W. H. Meyers. Fresno, Calif. 

Force, Sister Annie D., the widow of Erwin L Force died 
at the home of her daughter near Spring City, Pa„ Green Tree 
congregation July H, 1924, aged 62 years, 7 months and 11 days. 
Her husband preceded her in March. 1924. She was an invalid 
for several years and bore her suffering with patience and resigna- 
tion. She leaves one daughter.— J. C. Kopcnhaver, Oaks. Pa. 

Gab*. Mary Lucille, infant daughter of Elmer and Mary Gaba 
died at her home in Marshall, Mo.. Dec. 8, 1924, of Bu and pneu- 
monia, aged 9 months. She leaves father, mother, one sister and 
a brother Services at the home. Burial in the Marshall cemetery. 
— Sarah Gaba Musser, Versailles, Mo. 

Healey, Mrs. Catharine Reichard, the widow of Thomas Milton 
Healey, died at her home in Hagerstown, Md., Oct. 14 1924 
aged 82 years. She was the last member of the family and 
daughter of the late Jacob and Elizabeth Wolfe Reichard. She was 
a life long member of the Church of the Brethren. Six children, 
four daughters and two sons, survive. Her early life wa 
in the Manor congregation. Services from her home by Di . 
Holsopple. Burial in Rose Hill cemetery.— Mrs. G. M. Thomas, 
Hagerstown, Md. 

Lane, Bro. Edwin, was born in Marshal] Co.. Ind., and died 
Dec. 14, 1924, aged 62 years, 1 month, and 4 daysr Dec. 16, 1889, 
he was united in marriage to Sarah Schroll. To this union were 
born seven children, two having preceded their father in death. 
He leaves his wife, five children, three sisters and one brother. 
In the year 1891 he united with the Church of the Brethren in 
which he has always held membership. Funeral services were con- 
ducted at the Center church by Bro. Edward Stump and Bro. 
J. O. Kcsler. Burial in the cemetery by the church.— Lucy M. 
Burke, Walkerton, Ind. 

McCann, Mrs. R, F., daughter of Wm. and Catherine Thurman, 
born May 7, 1860, died Dec. 12, 1924, at her daughter's home in 
Adams County, Ohio. She was married to R. F. McCann Dec. 8, 
1882. There were three children, one dying in 1922. She was a 
member of the Christian Church at Lawshe, Ohio. Two brothers, 
six half-brothers, one son and one daughter survive. Services at 
the late residence by the undersigned. Interment at Locust Grove 
cemetery.— Van B. Wright, Peebles, Ohio. 

Moore, John Riley, was born in Greene, Iowa, and died in his 
home at Raisin, Calif., Dec. 3, 1924, aged 62 years, S months, 20 
days. He was married June 24, 1884, to Susan Eikenberry, to which 
■ union were born eight children, seven of whom survive him. He 
also leaves his wife and nineteen grandchildren. In 1899 the family 
moved to Bowbells, N. Dak., in 1904 to Tyvan, Saskatchewan, Canada, 
in 1907 to Macdocl, Calif., and in 1910 to Raisin. He was a faithful 
member of the Church of the Brethren since about the age of 
thirteen. After four days of physical complaint he died suddenly 
of heart failure. Funeral service in charge of Bro. A. O. Brubaker, 
assisted by Bro. D. H. Forney and Rev. C. F. Crooks.— W. H. 
Meyers, Fresno, Calif. 

Sprinkle, Mrs. Harriett, widow of Wm. H. Sprinkle, and a 
daughter of James and Lcvina Brooke^ Matthias, born July 22, 1839, 
died Dec. 16, 1924. Her illness was of a paralytic nature, having 
dated back four years. Sept. 20, 1885. she was married. There 
were ten children; four are dead. A half century ago she united 
with the Dunbarton M. E. church of which she was a faithful 
member. Services by the writer, at Jacksonville M. E. church. 
Interment in Jacksonville cemetery.— Van. B. Wright, Peebles, Ohio. 
Trader, Bro. Clias., died at the Soldiers' Home hospital, aged 
35 years. He was one of the World War veterans. He leaves a 
wife, father, mother, brother and sister. Services at the chapel by 
the chaplain assisted by Bro. E. Coffman of the Church of the 
Brethren. Burial in Soldiers* Home .cemetery. Bro. Trader united 
with the church a short time before his death.— Meda Garber, Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

Young, Mrs. Mary (nee Ruble), born near Pricctown, Ohio, May 
6, 1851, died at the home of her daughter. Flora Brown, in Peebles, 
Ohio, Dec. 16, 1924. She was married to Clarke Young May 16, 1869. 
There were nine children. One preceded her, and the husband died 
in 1915. She was a member of the Christian Church at Prje .own 
since twenty-one years of age. Services at the home by the 
writer. Burial in the Tranquillity cemetery.— Van B. Wright, 
Peebles, Ohio. 


General Mission Board.— Otho Winger, Chairman. North Manchester, 
Ind ■ J J Yoder, Vice-Chairman, McPherson, Kans.i A. P. Blough, 
1315 Grant Ave., Waterloo, Iowa; H. H. Nye, Elizabethtown. Pa.; 
J B. Emmert. La Verne, Calif. General Secretary. Chas. D Bonsack, 
Elgin III ■ Educational Secretary. H. Spenser Mintuch, Elgi: 
Home Secretary, M. R. Zigler, Elgin, III.; Treasurer, Clyde M 
Elgin, 111. 

General Sunday School Board.— C. S. Ikenberry, Chairman, Dale- 
ville, Va.; E. M. Studebaker, Vice-Chairman, La Verne, Calif.; H. K. 
Ober, Ehrabethtown, Pa.; L. W. Shultz, North Manchester Ind.; 
Eva Liclny Whiskr, Milledgc ville, 111. General Secretary and Field 
Director, Ezra Flory. Elgin, 111.; Secretary Young Peoples Division 
and Treasurer, C. H. Snambergfcr, Elgin, III. 

General Educational Board.-D. W. Kurtz, President. McPherson 
Kans ; D. M. Garver, Vice-President. Trotwood, Ohio; J. S. Noff- 
singer Secretary-Treasurer, 211 W. 102nd St.. New York City; J. S. 
Flory Bridgewater, Va.: J. W. Lear, 3435 Van Buren St., Chicago, 
III. Assistant Secretary, H. Spenser Minnich, Elgin, III. 

General Ministerial Board.— D. H. Zigler, Chairman, Broadway, Va.; 
S. J. Miller, Vice-Chairman, La Verne, Calif.; S. S. Blough, Secre- 
" tary, 614 Sixth Ave., Sterling, 111.; J. A. Robinson, Assistant Sec- 
retary, Pleasant Hill, Ohio; David Metzler, Treasurer, Nappanee, Ind. 
General Welfare Board.— M. W. Emmert, Chairman and Repre- 
sentative Temperance and Purity Department, Mount Morns, 111.; 
P. S. Thomas, Vice-Chairman and Representative Child Rescue De- 
partment, Harrisonburg. Va.; Bertha M. Nelier, Secretary-Treasurer, 
Warsaw, Ind,; J. M. Henry. Representative Peace Department, New 
Windsor.-Md.; Lydia E. Taylor. Field Secretary for Simple Life and 
Dress Departmeni, Sebring, Fla. General Field Secretary, Virgil C. 
Finnell, North Manchester, Ind. 

Tract Examining Committee.— T. T. Myers, Chairman, Hunting- 
don, Pa.; James M. Moore, Secretary-Treasurer, 113 S. Church St.. 
Waynesboro, Pa.; J. P. Dickey, La Verne, Calif.: E. B. Hoff, 1306 
S. 17th Ave., May wood, 111.; Jesse D. Mohler, Warrensburg, Mo. 

Music Committee.— Cora M. Stahly. Chairman, Nappanee, Ind.; D. 
W. Boyer, Secretary, North Manchester, Ind.; J. B. Mdler, Treasurer, 
Curryvillc, Pa. 

Conference Program Committee.— W. O. Beckner, Chairman, Mount 
Morris, III.; C. C. Kindy, Secretary, Huntington, Ind.; J. A. Dove, 
Cloverdale, Va. 

Brethren Publishing House.— Board of Directors: Otho Winger, 
Chairman, North Manchester, ind.; J. J. Yoder, Vice-Chairman, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans.; A. P. Blough. Waterloo, Iowa; H. H. Nye, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa.; J. B. Emmert, La Verne, Calif. Manager and Treasurer, 
R. E. Arnold, Elgin, 111.; Secretary, L. T. Miller, Elgin, HI. 

Council of Promotion.— General Director: J. W. Lear, Elgin, III. 
Membership: Conference Members, F. F. Holsopple, 120 E. Washing- 
ton St., Hagerstown. Md., and D. G. Berkebiie, Bradford, Ohio: Gen- 
eral Mission Board, Chas. D. Bonsack; General Sunday School Board, 
Ezra Flory; General Educational Board. 1. S. Noffsinger; General 
Ministerial Board, S. S. Blough; General Welfare Board, M. W. Em- 
mert; Tract Examining Committee, E. B, Hoff; Music Committee, Cora 
Stahly; Conference Program Committee. J. A. Dove; Brethren Pub- 
lishing House, L. T. Miller. Organization: Chairman, J. A. Dove; 
Secretary, J. S. Noffsinger; Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp. 

Sister,' Aid Society.— Mrs. J. C. Myers. President, Broadway. Va.; 
Mrs. M. J. Weaver, Vice-President, 653 Park Ave.. Johnstown. Pa.; 
Mrs. Levi Minnich, Sec re tary- Treasurer, Greenville, Ohio. 

Auditing Committee.— E. M. Butterbaugh, 535 East Indiana Ave., 
South Bend, Ind.; J. J. Oiler, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Member of Advisory Bswrd of American Bible Society.— F. J. Byer, 
358 Sixtieth St.. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Genera] Railway Transportation Agent.^J. F. Appleman, Plymouth, 
Annual Meeting Treasurer.— E. J. Stauffer, Mulberry Grove, III. 


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Persistent requests that the series of articles in Our Young People by Brother Moore, 
formerly editor of the Gospel Messenger, be published in book form have at last been met 
in the issuing of this book. The author is so well known that many folks will be glad 
to have the opportunity to secure the story of his life. 

The early life of Brother Moore, lived as it was on the frontier, was full of interesting 
incidents. His natural ability as a writer and his long training as preacher and editor are 
manifest in this book. 

The Editor of the Gospel Messenger says of the book: 

" Originally intended to be only a few gleanings from the author's busy life, and not designed as 
an autobiography, it became practically that, although the story might have been told at much greater 
length. The first requirement of a book is that it should be interesting. This book meets this test fully. 
The author has had much experience in writing and, always interesting, is at his best, it seems to us, 
in matter of this kind. The fascination of his style is in its simplicity and naturalness. 

" But the book is more than interesting. It is an inspiration to perseverance in the face of difficulties, 
and to high ideals of living. It is this because it is ' The story of a greatly handicapped boy, working 
his way up to active manhood ' and to a career of exceptional influence and usefulness." 

The Sebring White Way in a lengthy review says the following: 

"The Boy and the Man" is a gripping, thrilling tale of the actual experience through which he 
lived, an autobiography of more than passing interest. It is the story of a hoy handicapped by physical 
conditions and by circumstances, who, by sheer grit and unswerving faith has brought himself to a place 
of prominence in the world of culture and letters, as well as in the church which he has served so lov- 
ingly and so well for over sixty years. 

"The story is simply told, threaded here and there with the whimsical humor that sparkles in the 
Elder's conversation as well as in his writings, a tale of early struggles, wholesome hardships and awak- 
ening ambitions brought to a gracious fulfillment. It stirs with the pioneer adventures that mark the 
settlement of the middle west, and glows with the love of service." 

Illustrated with line drawings and photogravures. Bound in Cloth, Postpaid, $1.25 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 3, 1925 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 
Pnblished weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
era. ' MaT.ger. 16 to H S, State St., Elgin, III., at $2.00 per , — 
cc (Canada subscription, hlty c ent. ettra.) 

Entered at the Po.loffice at Elgin. 111., as Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance lor .nailing at special rate of postage d for in 
lection lieu. Act oi October 3, »■?■ authorized August J. WM. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 13) 
appreciated by all.-Blaoche Wagner. Greenv.lle, Ob.o, Dec. 22. 


,_ . ... „ n „ nr || Dec 8 Bro. J. R. Pitzer 

Paradise Prairie church »« ™ ™»°' ^r" Pearl Henderson, corrc 

"" ;'",' ,,d* °Me» e ge ' agent Bro.' S. E. Thompson began 

"if" fablal ^cre^lo ^"0^^ 
With good attcrnlancc. iwu «c 
baptism and one being rccla; 
4.— Pearl Henderson, Coyl 


Our love (east was held Oct. 

1 encouraged and strengthened since 

at our midweek prayer and praise service, j 


^fSi-a "^ rreilJnneot! tTX^g 

sjsi«r*4 »« - s ^ k "r„.? r d!:co".rd k ",oV B ,w 

Johnson. Our junior Christian Workers w. ^ 

r-tnc-SureF^.'^ s^Kra^K 

Workers' meeting on tempcrancc-Mrs. a"- 
Ore., Dec. 17. PENNSYLVANIA 

SSel*; a goodly number turned ou, .« 

SartfVrS •S„r, A Bro ' I p"»f Beuue, who is now 

at'tendutg Juniata - College, was license '^f „ ^J'ty 

held church ha. ,«. close » ~ n te, t roauile,..d by the 

°" r rrihccommunitv was especially helpful and encouraging, 
people of the communm ™ " » „ ; Q Aid Society has 

Th '~ fT tbl'tf'the c»ll f tic General Relief Committee for 
SSS ? s poo'/ano ntdy. A *^ T S,K » 
Volunteer Band expects give a program £ *£*£■ ^ prep „ ing 

rCbri.U P .""pregr»m. Our next council liU be Jan. l.-E. Esther 
Le i,er. Cocolamus Pa Dec. .0 ^ _ 

J~-££tt!£*~ m 1£;JZi? r aapp" 

during the Much interest ». > a ro ,se< 1 . ptro „, 

and ■«» "^"^"U hap'tircd aid received" into the 

jcj- p. trt, sZjxStsjs-zs.srsL 
SAS. , 3Ss , asa-Sr. 6 tsL *, »-. «. 

Ephr.ta.-On Thanksgiving Day services were .JtBij*^ 
noon Bro David Snader. of Akron, delivered an impressive sermon 
STofferug .mounted .0 $160. In the evening a number of the 
local church attended Thanksgiving services at the Mt. Airy 
union church. Bro. Nathan Kilhefn.r, one of our minister, con- 
ducted the -crvice and his wife led the singing. Dec. Z the 
Surer, me. i, council, with Eld. David Kilhefner presiding Since 
Solas, council one has been received by baptism and lour by 
letter; two letter, have been granted. It wa, decided to have a 
two-dav Bible Institute sometime during the winter the date 10 
be set - later. Aid Society office,, were also appointed. B „ I " c ,£ ter 
Kilhefner i, Sunday-school superintendent Dcc^ 7 Bro. Chester 
Rover from Elizabcthtown. Pa., spoke on The Value ol the Soul. 
Gertrude R. Shirk, Ephrata, Pa.. Dec. IS. „,,„._, 

r- T™, We began a series of meetings on Oct. 12, conducted 

hy G T,o. T rB: W Mi,t B . .. Philadelphia. Pa and continued for two 
weeks doing the meeting with the tall love feast on Oct. 26. 
Trdrteen were added to the church by baptism during the meeting 
»o four other, were baptised a short time _pre u~ We .re 
glad .0 extend to these a hearty welcome. Bro. M, her preached 
fhe Word with power and bis messages were helpful and up! ft- 
iug We certainlv cloyed hi. fellowship with u». Our pastor, 
Bro H S. Rcploglc, also conducted several very successful start- 
ma, m various congregations during the year. We were pleased 
to L™ Bre h°r and Sister Harlan J. B,ook. visit our congregation 
on Wednesday evening. Oct. 29. and their message, were greatfy 
appreciated. They sailed as missionaries to India on Noy 1 arid we 
were glad for this opportunity and priv.Iege of bidding them God- 
speed" o« 1>=" ioumcy.-Kathryu M. Yerger, Mont Clare, Pa., 
Dec. 16. ,. t 

Upper Conewago congregation met in council (at East Berlin hou.e), 
Oct 13, with Eid. S. S. Miller presiding. One certificate was re- 
ceived. Various officer, for the coming year were elected. Bro. 
Tame. A. Sell preached for u. on Nov. 1 and 2 His subject, 
were helpful and were much apprecialed.-Mrs. W. A. Keeney, East 
Berlin. Pa.. Dec. 20. . 

York -Dee. IS Bro. Rufus Bucher. ol Quarry ville Pa closed a 
series of meetings. He delivered his sermon, very forcibly, g. vmg 
u. pure spiritual food. We feel that Bro. Bucher'. effort, have been 
profitable 10 the church. Nine were baptized and one reclaimed. 
Large crowd, gathered each evening, the large.t »«d,e„ce ""™ b "- 
ing 950 „n Sunday evening. Fine inlere.l was mandated through- 
out. Owing to dines, Bro. Bucher wa. unable to close- the meet- 
j * ,„.,.,} i>< Bm T I Mvers to preach the last even- 
£? "Sec 17 wl reorgan^ed'the'oo. as follow,: Firs, 
school, superintendent. Ralph B. Lehman; Second, Harry Hoovers 
correspondent, the L. Keeney, York, Pa., Dec. 18. 


Willow Creek church met in business .e.sion Dec. 3 with Bro. 
Tooker in charge. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. 
Grant Tooker, elder; Sister L. H. Boot, superintendent of Sunday- 
school; Sisler Ellen Harldson, president of the Aid Society. Nov. 
25 our pastor's time expired and he is planning to devote he 
coming year to evangelistic work. Practically every child m the 
community is to have part in the Christmas program for at this 
season all hearts .rem to be drawn toward, the church more 
than at any other time. In October we were privileged to enter- 
trin the District Conference which has proven a real blessing to 
our congregation. Much inspiration was received from 'he mes- 
sages and fellow.bip.-Lola M. Root. Welonka, S. Dak., Dec. 16. 


Pleasant View congregation met in council today, with Brethren 
R G Edwards and W. C. Young. It was decided to have two 
services each month using the regular time which is the second 
Saturday and Sunday and the fourth Sunday. Bro. Edward, gave 
a short exhortation after which one was reinstated. We also 
decided to organise a prayer meeting to be held each Wednesday 
night— N. T. Larimer. Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 13. 


Antioch church me. in council Dec. 6 Eld. J A. Naff pre- 
sided. Three letters were given. The following officers were re- 
elected- I A. Naff, presiding elder; B. T. Flora. Sunday-sehoo 
superintendent. The lollowing Sunday Bro. M. E. Chugenpeel 
preached a very interesting sermon on the doctrine ol sin. Our 
Thanksgiving offering of $41.60 was divided between the General and 
bisTricf Mission Board.^-Mrs. A. 0. Brubaker, Callaway, Va., 
Dec. IS. 

Burks Fork.-Bro. J. F. Robertson just closed a series of meet- 
■ He was with us nearly two weeks, preaching seventeen 

Five came out on the Lord's side and were baptized; o..c 
reclaimed. The church feels greatly strengthened.— Ethel 
Switscr, Floyd. Va., Dec. 22. 

Evergreen church met in council Nov. 22, with Eld. Maupiu 
presiding. The church was reorganized for the coming yea,, with 
Sister Valley Vernon, clerk. Two deacons were cho.en-Brethrer, 
James N. Morri, and Whitt Morris. A committee wa, appointed 
for the reorganization ol the Sunday-school. We will have a 
program on Christmas Day. Bro. Winger held a fine meeting at 
the Industrial School the first of November, when twenty-seven were 
baptized.— Valley Vernon, Pirkey, Va., Dec. 15. 

Troutville.-On the evening of Nov. 9 our revival meeting began, 
with a fine audience and a splendid interest. The good beginning 
was made possible, in part at let, by the four meeting, of the 
Billy Sunday Club of Roanoke City, held the week before Dr. 
Paul H. Bowman, of Bridgewater College, in a of nine 
sermons brought to hi, audience each night Spirit-filled messages. 
Dr. Bowman, together with the people of the community, was used 
of God to bring to pass one of the greatest revivals of religion 
in the history of the community. The results of this wonderful 
meeting are lending themselves nicely to what we hope to be 
a forward looking program for the year. While there 
were only fourteen converts, 011 the last night of the meeting in 
an audience of 500 people .here were less than ten not members 
nf the church We do not take this to mean that our work here 
is accomplished, but it come, to u. a. a great challenge to bigger 
things for God in the future. The communion held here on Nov. 
22 was well attended and resulted in a real spiritual fea.t. We 
were very glad indeed .0 have with us upon this occasion Bro 
Kahle, pastor of the Dalevillc church, who brought to us a splendid 
examination sermon and also officiated at the meetiog.-F. E. 
Williar, Troutville, Va " 

License to Preach 

The new license blank,brought out in accord- 
ance with the decision of Conference of 1922. 
Single copy 16c, three copies 25c. 

Elfin, Illinois 


God's c7VTinute 

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RRANCED from Jami.rj l« 10 

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This is a book you will appreciate. 
Nearly 1M,0N sold the first fiftean months 

384 pages. Cloth binding, 6Dc. Keratol stiff covers, Hi 
Art Leather, limp, $1.50. 

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Scripture Text Calendars 

Sunnyslde.-We observed Thanksgiving this year with a program i 
the evening At this time the children of the intermediate, junior 
and primary departments gave in their Thanksgiving money ca,ned 
during the summer. The total amount was $146.63, which is being 
sent to the General Mission Board. The children seem very 
much encouraged, this being more than they earned last year. 
An offering of $117 was received Iron, the older members ot the 
church to be u.ed in home mission work. Dec. 12 we met in 
council, with Bro. Wagoner presiding. Church officer, were chosen 
Bro. Wagoner being reelected elder; Bro. C. I. Mycr, clerk the 
writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent We also elected 
Christian Workers' office,,. We have installed the envelope system 
lo, cbureh giving now. Since the last wnting death has claimed 
one of our pioneer member,. Bro. J. H. Smith. At the tune of 
hi, pa.sing he wa, living at La Verne, Calif. He will always 
be remembered a, a true and l.ithful worker of the church. Dec. 
14 Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson, oi Omak gave a fine sermon m the 
morning and an illustrated lecture on " Christ, the Hope of India 
in the evening. We feel that our Sunday-school is continually 
growing in interest and attendance.-Mfs. Tracy Phelps, Sunny.ide, 
Wash., Dec. 16. 

Wenatchee.-Nov. 26 the various churches of the city met with 
us for union Thanksgiving service.. On Thanksgiving Day we 
enjoyed an address by our pastor, Bro. Ira Lapp. At tin, service 
the barrels which had previously been given out were opened, ihe 
offering, which amounted to $34S, was added to the building fund 
The past few weeks, work has been in progress on the last 
section of the ba.ement. The brethren as well a. others, have 
responded wonderfully, often as many as twenty-five men a day. 
The Ladies' Aid have been serving the daily warm dinner m the 
church kitchen. Various committee, are looking up the poor ol 
the city and much local missionary work is contemplated Dee. 
10 we met in business session. Bro. R. S. H.ner was elected elder 
lor the coming year; Bro. Wilbur Smclteer. president of the adult 
Christian Worker,. A number of our member, have been taking 
advantage ol a weekly union meeting of Sunday-school worker, 
of the city. Our superintendent of schools is giving a series ot 
lectures on child psychology which are ,plendid.-Mr,. C. R. We.mer. 
Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 12. 

Whiteslone.-Bro. Stiverson preached here Nov. 30 at the morn- 
ing service and in the evening after a thirty-minute Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting he gave his illustrated lecture on India, bringing to 
on, mind, more clearly the great cause of missions. An offering 
of $14 11 was taken. We had no service Thaoksgivmg Day. The 
speciai Thanksgiving program at the Okanogan River Valley cbureh 
and the communion scvice at the Omak chureh took many of our 
members away for the day. Dec. 7 Mr. Mien Rice preached for 
us Mr Rice is from Wenatchee and is teaching school here this 
vcar We expect to hold a series of meetings in the near future. 
Last' Sunday wa, our. monthly missionary Sunday. Several specie 
missionary selection, were given and at the close the Sunday-school 
sang the Missionary Do*ology.-Mrs. Freda T. Ries, Tonasket, Wash., 
Dec. 10. 

at the 


the columns of our 

again and let you know we arc 

regular meeting during the fall 

, who are teaching in our public 

... regularly, ■ and the inspiration 

" arth S. 

Hanoan.— For sometime 
paper, but we wish to fall in lit 
still existing. We have had oi 
-nod being blessed with preachei 

school, we have had services n.„... .. B .„ - 

has been fine. Bro. H. S. Will, of Dayton, Vo„ and Ells' 
Harman, ol this place, have proved a blessing in school as well 
as in church. We enjoyed a Thanksgiving meeting and the offer- 
ing for home missions was £46.37— Cora Harman, Harman, W. Va., 
Dec. 19. 

Mount Hebron.— I left my home Nov. 25 for this church (Little- 
ton, W. Va.), remaining till Dec. 15. Great interest was manifested. 
Twelve were added to the church, being reclaimed. The church 
had beeo on the decrease lor some time but by carcfut attention 
I think the work will go on and prosper in Christ Jesus. Two were 
installed into the second degree being only licensed.— D. W. Kirk, 
Hammond, W. Va., Dec. 16. 

Not only is the Scripture Text Calendar a com- 
plete calendar, clearly indicating all the dates in 
1925, but it is a devotional aid, giving a Scripture 
verse for each day of the year, and the Sunday 
School lessons for each Sunday, while the Golden 
Text of the lesson is given on each Saturday for 
the Sunday directly following. 

Special Offer to Churches at Reduced Price. 

As both a very praiseworthy and highly profitable 
means of raising church money, the Scripture Text Calen- 
dar cannot be excelled. Hundreds and thousands ol 
Churches and Sunday Schools, Young Men's Christian 
od other religious societies, the land over, 
it contribute generously to their treasury and 
e time have enriched spiritually both church 
It blesses both those who buy and those 
who sell. Twelve member, can easily sell 250; twenty- 
five members should quickly sell 500. Order now all 
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The Gospel Messenger 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.h. s, io, Luk. u= 

Vol. 74 

"Till we all attain unto . . , the 
the fulneaB of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Elgin, III, January 10, 1925 

No. 2 

In This Number 


When Obedience Is Not Obedience 17 

Why We Arc Shut Up '.'.'.','.'.'.'.'.17 

Couldn't You Find Anything? 17 

Recharging the Battery ",."!"^!l7 

Among the Churches l!!!!!!."";2fl 

Around the World 25 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) ...."""!""""""""!» 

Our Forward Movement — 

The Test of One's Religion 21 

A Willing Mind Does the Work, .....21 

No, That's the Lord's Money. By Mary V. Harshbarger. "... ^21 

General Forum — 

I Wonder (Poem). By Myra Brooks Welch 18 

Knowing, Doing or Being. By H. A. Claybaugh '.'.'.'.'.'.' IB 

An Adventure of Faith. By I. S. Long 18 

The Peace of the World. By E. B. Hoff, " "19 

The Problem of Emphasis. By D. W. Kurtz 19 

Notes on Books Which Have Helped Our Fathers. By Roy 

Temple House 20 

The Passing of the Generations. By Elgin S. Moyer] .."., 20 

The Spirit of Brotherhood. By Paul F. Bechtold, 26 

The Pastor's Study- 
Findings in a District Survey.— Part 4. By the Field Rcpresent- 


The Holy Ghost. By R. H. Miller 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus.— No. 8. By Wm" 

Kinsey, 22 

Religion as Umbrella or as Magnet? By George W. Tut tie ....27 

.c'lvery and Freedom. By Archer Wallace 27 

Home and Family— 

And Who Is Thankful (Poem)? By Stuart Percy Palmer . 23 

Grandmother Warren. By Bess Royer Bates 23 

"Christian Development." By Herbert J. McNeese, 23 

Shining Lights. By Chester E. Shuler, 23 

"V. C" By C, S. Enders 23 

Your Boy. By Julia Graydon \\"yj 


.. When Obedience Is Not Obedience 

_ That other condition which we said last week we 
should have occasion to refer to later and which 
sometimes threatens us with discouragement, is the 
amazing unconcern of many elders and church lead- 
ers about the low tide of spiritual interest in the lives 
ofso many members. 

We were speaking of the anxiety of some, as typi- 
fied in the question of the inquiring brother, lest cer- 
tain of the distinctive practices of the church should 
fall into disuse. There is certainly nothing abnormal 
about this anxiety. It is just what we should ex- 
pect. That isn't what threatens us with discourage- 
. ment. The alarming feature of the case is the lack 
of concern about the spiritual realities which, these 
outward practices symbolize. As long as the latter 
are regularly maintained in due form, nobody seems 
to be disturbed. The church is regarded as in good 
working order, and that without reference to what 
the main interests of the members are, as shown by 
their lives. 

Here is real spirifltel tragedy. How can it be that 
men in high place, men who have been entrusted with 
the gravest responsibilities, can be so uneasy about 
the faithful observance of the symbol, and at the 
same time so comfortable in the absence of the fact 
proclaimed by the symbol ? Is it because symbols are 
visible, tangible things and their presence or absence 
is so plainly evident, while the realities pictured by 
them are of a more delicate nature and not so easily 
calculated? But are not the fruits of spirituality just 
as tangible and visible as feet-washing and the salu- 
tation of the kiss? And when these are not present, 
when the activities of members are concerned almost 
entirely if not altogether with their own comfort and 
material success, is more than one conclusion possi- 
ble? But when was such a condition ever made the 
subject of a church visit or elders' council or Con- 
ference query? 

Brethren, let's be honest about this. Let's get down 
to bed rock. We are still largely under the dominance 
of a theory which makes religion an exercise in 
mechanics rather than a wellspring of life. The es- 

sence of it is held to be obedience to the command- 
ments given us by Jesus and his apostles. These are 
definite in number and in the method of their observ- 
ance. The act of obedience is a concrete physical 
thing easily seen and counted. We must be honest 
and upright, generous and kind, and so on through 
all the moral virtues. But the main thing, the point 
of chief concern, is to keep all the commandments 
by which is meant, in practice if not in theory, the 
ritual system intact. 

Passing by the question of the relation of obedience 
to grace, we desire to note the feature of the above 
briefly sketched conception which explains both our 
nervousness over the slightest departure from char- 
acteristic formal practices, and our easy-going indif- 
S ference to the spiritual poverty of our lives in spite 
of our careful observance of the outward symbols. 
It is our shallow notion of obedience. It is too bad, 
but no good can come from refusing to face the 
truth. And the truth is we have not grasped the full 
meaning of obedience. For obedience is not obedience 
unless it includes the practice of the spirit of the 

We may go home from the love feast thinking we 
have kept the commandment of Jesus recorded in the 
thirteenth chapter of John. We have, if while wash- 
ing one another's feet we purposed in our hearts to 
serve one another actually and did it with enough 
earnestness to keep us from forgetting all about it in 
our dealings with each other the week following. We 
may eat and drink the bread and cup of the holy com- 
munion and suppose that we have kept the command- 
ment of Jesus. We have, if these symbols have made 
us hunger and thirst more for his flesh and blood, 
that is, as he himself explained, for his life, his 
Spirit. Only that is true obedience which tries to live 
the truth expressed in the symbol. 

All this is simple and self-evident, but our accept- 
ance of it is too formal. Our faith in it is not a 
living faith. And that is our trouble. The proof 
of this is the fact cited at the beginning. We are 
distressed lest the symbol itself be too lightly regarded, 
but we are not distressed over our failure to make 
the truth symbolized a real factor in our lives. If 
about three-fourths or nine-tenths of our anxiety were 
centered at that point where it belongs, the prospect 
would be more hopeful. But how can it be, if we 
are not even aware of our failure — if we are satisfied 
with keeping up appearances while worldlincss of the 
most deceitful and deadly kind goes right on eating 
at the vitals of our religion? 

We have not yet begun to take Jesus Christ in 
earnest. If we could only realize how terribly true 
that is ! 

We have just entered on another year. God grant 
it may not close until it has taught us that being a 
Christian is both glorious and serious business. 

Why We Are Shut Up 

In the midst of Paul's passionate appeal to the Co- 
rinthians to open up their hearts to him and reciprocate 
his own affection for them, he let fall an illuminating 
sentence which not only explained the cause of the 
trouble in that situation, but discloses the secret of 
many troubled situations in our own time. If is in 
Second Corinthians, chapter six, verse twelve: "Ye 
are not straitened in us, but ye are straitened in your 
own affections." 

" Straitened " is narrowed, or, literally, shut up in a 
corned The Corinthians were not happy in their re- 
lation to Paul just then. They were under restraint, 

hampered, confined, and they blamed it on Paul. He 
had taken away their freedom. But Paul had a differ- 
ent explanation of the case. They were " shut up in a 
corner," not because of anything he had done to them 
but because they had deliberately shortened and tight- 
ened their own heartstrings. They had narrowed down ' 
their own affections. They did not love much, and 
that was the root of the whole matter. 

Do you see how that suggests possible release for 
us ? You know that pent up feeling very well, proba- 
bly. We have all had it— a sort of spiritual stuffiness, 
a sense of something hedging us in. But now we know 
what it is and how to break through. We are " shut 
up in a corner " by the littleness of our love. If we'd 
just untie the heartstrings of our own affections we 
would soon move out into a new big world. 

Couldn't You Find Anything? 

Suppose we all join in a little self-examination, a 
sort of individual confessional, with no priest or 
other human mediator present, nobody but each one's 
own self and God. The question proposed is, What 
is there about my life, if anything, that hinders the 
progress of the Kingdom? 

How does my interest in the local church activities 
affect it? Can I be counted on to attend the meetings 
and take the part which belongs to me? Am I re- 
garded as one of the faithful? Do people in general 
think that 1 am much interested in the church? 

Does my manner of doing business strengthen or 
weaken respect for the church? Have I built up a 
reputation for fair und square dealing? Do people 
think I would ever take unfair advantage of anybody? 

Is there any air of uubrolhcrliness about me? 
Anything in my attitude toward others that works 
against the spread of mutual good feeling? 

Is there anything about my manner of living that 
would lead to the conclusion that I must love some- 
thing else more than I do the Kingdom of God? 
What is the impression of my neighbors on that point? 

This isn't half the ground we ought to cover? 
Carry the investigation on until you strike something. 

Keep the main question clearly in mind: Is there 
anything about me, anything at all in my control, 
which hinders the cause in any way? 

Recharging the Battery 

It is a good thing to be busy in good works, but 
it is too heavy a price to pay for that blessing to 
allow it to crowd out meditation. You can not be 
constantly hustling about and keep spiritually efficient. 
There must be time for quiet thinking, for waiting 
before God for poise and power. 

Our " Quiet Hour " column will help you to do 
this. Are you using it? If not, you are missing more 
than you know. Originally designed as a help for 
the midweek prayer meeting, it has equal if not greater 
possibilities for service in ministering to the devotional 
life of the individual at home. And a wide use of 
it in this way would react most favorably on the 
prayer meeting hour. 

Now that the editors are not themselves preparing 
the Quiet Hour suggestions, we can urge the merit 
of this department with greater freedom. If you are 
using something better suited to your need, all right. 
If not, try this. It will help you. But for your own 
sake and the sake of those you live to serve, don't 
stew around all day in a whirlwind of work and 
worry. Sit down and be still a while and listen for 
the voice of God. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 


1 Wonder 

I wonder if all the songs that have been sung 
And all the words that have been spoken 
Are forever hung 
Out there 'twixt earth and sky? 
Are all the prayers that have been uttered, 
And all the oaths that have been muttered, 
Preserved throughout eternity, 
Intermingled with the falling of the waters 
And the roaring of the sea? 
I wonder much, foi I've been told 
That sound waves never die, 
But on and on through space are rolled. 

I wonder if sometime, somewhere, 

A coil might be 

So intricately woven, 

That mortals such as we 

Might listen through the billows 

And cross-currents of the air 

And catch the angel voices 

As they carol over there? 

I wonder if, to mortals it were given 

To backward roll Time's closely written pages, 

And listen to the sweetest sounds 

Of long forgotten ages— 

When the morning stars together sang 

And God's sons for joy were shouting — 

I wonder if 'twere heaven? 

Or, these things flouting, 

To listen to the ever rising 

And reverberating swell 

Of angry voices and discordant curses — 

To lies that have spoken 

And the despairing cries 

Of hearts that have been broken — 

I wonder if 'twere hell? 

I wonder, when the books at last are open, 

And I am called again to hear 

The words that I have spoken : 

Shall the jarring record fling 

Back to my unwilling ears 

All the angry tones and fretful murmuring 

Accumulated through the years? 

Shall they decide my future — 

Outer darkness or a crown star-gemmed? 

By them shall I be justified, 

Or by them condemned? 

I wonder much, for I've been told 

That sound waves never die 

But on and on through space are rolled. 

La Verne, Calif. 

Knowing, Doing or Being 


Is the church a social center, a convention hall or 
a place for the regeneration and sanctification of the 
soul? A place where the main emphasis is put upon 
man's social nature in the way of pleasure, recreation 
and helpfulness to others is a social center. A place 
where the stress is on research activity in ways and 
means of doing tilings, is a convention hall. And a 
place where pleasure, recreation, social service and 
method are secondary emphases, and the primary ob- 
ject is the salvation and upbuilding of man's spiritual 
life, is a church. 

Some churches have been criticized and some are 
still censured for neglecting the social needs of their 
people. This objection is in many cases just. In the 
days of the Brethren when the corrrmunion services 
lasted some two or three days, and people drove in 
wagons from five to forty miles, no doubt with some 
of those who attended the social instinct had as much 
to do with their presence as their spiritual interest. 
It was a case in which the church was in some measure 
caring for the social life of folk without planning for 
it. And with most people this is the better way. Be- 
cause of the pull away from the church today it is 
very essential that the church plan very definitely for 
this side of the life of its people. But this activity 
must be very carefully guarded lest it become dominant 
and the real purpose of the church be pushed into the 

What is true about social issues is also true about 

methods of doing things. There was a time when 
things just went. No doubt much was lost because 
of a lack of plan and program. Not so today. There 
is a present danger of overemphasizing the how and 
neglecting the what. Method is very essential but 
principle is more fundamental. 

The spirit of the age in which we live puts doing 
before knowing or being. The success of a church 
is measured by what is doing around the place. The 
content of the activity is often never considered. 
Leaders of Christian churches are carried along in 
the rush and sometimes in the absence of better 
knowledge submit to surface or superficial things and 
endeavor to make themselves believe that they are 
piloting a real Christian effort. 

The question: How can we hold our young people? 
is often asked by honest folk. The answer is: Give 
them something to do. Then a search is made in 
literature past and present for something to do. Wise 
modern churchmen are also consulted. Things to do, 
some all right, some partly right, and some all wrong 
are found and ways and means of execution are dis- 
cussed pro and con in conventions and the findings 
are made a part of the church program. After awhile 
all the things to do have been found, tried, and be- 
come stale; then the leaders are in the midst of con- 

Is the modern emphasis correct when it places doing 
before knowing? We can teach a parrot to do things 
but he cannot be taught to know why. The statement 
is sometimes made to the effect that it makes little 
difference if we do not know, just so we do right. 
Can we act rightly if we do not know the right? 
How many laymen who are very busy in the church 
doing things could explain the content of faith, re- 
pentance, the work of the Holy Spirit, and other of 
the fundamentals of the Christian life? A knowledge 
of mathematics, secular literature, history, etc., is 
splendid; but rightful Christian doing cannot come 
directly from these fields of learning. Real religious 
experience and activity must come from a knowledge 
of theology, the textbook of which is the Bible. The 
statements just made are not to put a discount upon 
education in fields not Biblical ; on the other hand, it 
should be a matter of great joy to one interested in the 
welfare of humanity to note the wonderful growth 
in the places of learning throughout the land, and 
especially in our denomination. But if this develop- 
ment is to mean the most there must be a correspond- 
ing emphasis put upon the knowing of things religious 
and spiritual. 

The church must pause in its strenuous effort to 
do things and sit in a quiet receptive attitude and be 
taught some of the fundamental and deep things of 
Truth before there is hope of having much except " 
superficial doing. Our Lord put a premium upon 
knowing, when he told Martha who was busy doing, 
that her sister who was learning, had chosen the 
better part. 

The goal of all investigation, knowing, and doing, 
is being. Some one said in regard to education: " Its 
test is not what a man knows, or may be able to do, 
but what he has become." What we know and what 
we do determine what we are, or our character. We 
cannot be right unless we do right; and we cannot 
do right unless we know right. 

Our problem, then, is how get people interested in 
knowing, as they now are enthusiastic in doing. A 
dogmatic method of presenting truth is to most people 
unattractiye. Some Bible teachers have the ability 
to constrain people to get into the Scriptures as they 
would were they digging in a mine for hidden treas- 
ures. If the emphasis were lifted from doing, where 
it now rests heavily, and placed upon knowing, time 
would record a great advance in the other direction. 
Truth is the thing needed, and the wise leader is the 
■ one who seeks to discover best ways of presenting it. 
We do not need a new John 3: 16, but a fresh ap- 
proach to the fundamental principle it has for the 

If we can get our young people saturated with 
Biblical information they will then have an anchor 

that is sure and secure, and a real experience which 
can only come from the source just suggested, and 
then activity according to talent will follow — activity 
such as shall be consistent with a Christian church. 
And last and most important, Christian character 
will be formed and the result made acceptable in that 
day when an account shall be given to him with whom 
we have to do. 
Argos, Indiana. 

An Adventure of Faith 


Every boy who goes off to college, every youth 
who makes an investment in some stock somewhere, 
and every one giving his life to any noble cause 
makes an adventure of faith. 

The India missionaries in conference session recent- 
ly, in deciding to ask a joint committee of missionaries 
and Indians to formulate a plan whereby the mission 
might become the church of this land, made a great 
adventure of faith. This is a venture of wonderful 
possibilities. It is what the Indian Christians in one 
section are asking, and what they already have to a 
large extent in other sections. 

Because of the youth and inexperience of our 
workers, we missionaries have to date had full con- 
trol of all funds, and consequently of all workers, 
building, etc. — the whole work in fact. We trans- 
ferred workers, both native and foreign, and we reg- 
ulated the wage or support of all workers, pretty much 
as we saw the need. There is no set of folks on earth 
who mean to be kinder or more considerate than a 
body of missionaries : yet seeing we cannot always do 
as the subordinate could wish, and do so much even 
without his consent, they naturally chafed under these 

Winning the world to submission to Jesus Christ 
is the project of the whole church: the winning of 
the million within our field to allegiance to him is the 
project of the India missionaries. And oh, how we 
have longed that our purpose might be the purpose 
also of the indigenous folks! The missionary does 
both the pushing and the pulling too often. I fear 
we have none but ourselves to blame, however, for 
we have thrust too little responsibility upon them, 
i. e., have trusted them too little, and hence they have 
had no adequate chance to 'respond. You and I did 
not grow spiritually, nor did we have a very keen 
interest in the Lord's work till we were given some 
work to do. 

Now if the mission be merged into the church, " 
the church will be " it " and we missionaries and 
Indians will be alike members of this church, and we 
foreigners will not have a charge not granted us by 
the church — the body the India folks know as the 
Church. This will be a true brotherhood, all being 
not equal in ability of course, but equal in opportu- 
nities. This will put one and all on his merits, and 
we shall have power not because of color or nation- 
ality or for carrying the purse, but because of what 
by his grace we really are. 

How often the natives have gotten mixed up over 
the mission and the church! They felt as if they are 
helping to run the church, but had no say in matters 
pertaining to the mission, and yet the mission had 
the authority. Now the work with all its responsibility 
will come into our hands — theirs and the missionaries'. 
Anyhow, I feel they- will now in a new way think of 
the work as their own work, their own project, and 
as if it is to their (the Indian Christians') interest 
to carry it on. It will be in its natural setting, arid in 
a wonderful environment (this is the project method 
in education), an environment of hundreds of thou- 
sands who are day by day having an increasing affec- 
tion for the Lord and Master of our lives. And how 
we rejoice in him ! 

We have told the folks again and again that the 
mission must decrease and the church must increase. 
Being so poor economically, and such a small com- 
munity withal, I think we succeeded poorly in in- 
spiring them with this idea. They naturally felt that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER- January 10, 1925 

America being rich is well able to take care of us. 
Brethren, these times of financial stringency are not 
without their blessing to us all. We shall all come to 
learn what our real resources are and whence cometh 
all our help. 

It does seem to me the merging of the mission into 
the church will work. It ought to, by all means. If 
it does, it will be the drawing much closer together 
of all workers, better partnership, better cooperation, 
finer sympathy, more united praying, more interces- 
sion, more genuine effort, more fruit for him. This 
move will give the India church more respect from 
the non-Christians, and the Christians will consequent- 
ly have more self-respect. There will be a natural 
desire to keep the church pure and to propagate the 
message of our King. Non-Christians can never give 
our Indian Christians more respect than we mission- 
aries do, nor will they respect highly a body of folks 
•who have so little respect for themselves. 

I believe we are on right lines. Surely, we wish 
to make better headway toward self-support and self- 
propagation than hitherto. Pray that we may have 
grace to follow his lead into all truth, into right 
methods for more rapidly bringing in the Kingdom. 

Anklesvar, India. 

The Peace of the World 


The prophet Isaiah looked in strong hope that the 
promised Messiah would bring peace to the nations 
of the world. 

And there shall come forth a shoot out of the 
stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots shall 
bear fruit. And the Spirit of Jehovah shall 
rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and under- 
standing, the spirit of counsel and might, the 
spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Jehovah. 
And his delight shall be in the fear of Jehovah ; 
and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, 
^neither decide after the hearing of his ears; but 
"with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and 
decide with equity for the meek of the earth; 
and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his 
mouth; and with the breath of his lips shall he 
slay the wicked. And righteousness shall be the 
girdle of his waist, and faithfulness the girdle 
of his loins. And the wolf shall dwell with the 
lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; 
and the calf and the young lion and the fatling 
together; and a little child shall lead them. And 
the cow and the bear shall feed ; their young ones 
shall lie down together ; and the lion shall eat 
straw like the ox. And the sucking child shall 
play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned 
child shall put his hand on the adder's den. They 
shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy moun- 
tain : for the earth shall be full of the knowledge 
of Jehovah, as the waters cover the sea. And 
it shall come to pass in that day, that the root 
of Jesse, that standeth for an ensign of the 
peoples, unto him shall the nations seek; and 
his resting-place shall be glorious. 

And it shall come to - pass in the latter 
days, that the mountain of Jehovah's house 
shall be established on the top of the mountains, 
and shall be exalted above the hills; and all 
nations shall flow unto it. And many peoples 
shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to 
the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the 
God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, 
and we will walk in his paths : for out of Zion 
shall go forth the law, and the word of Jehovah 
from Jerusalem. And he will judge between the 
nations, and will decide concerning many peo- 
ples; and they shall beat their swords into plow- 
shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks ; 
nation shall not lift up sword against nation, 
neither shall they learn war any more. 

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is 
given; and the government shall be upon his 
shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonder- 

ful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, 
Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his govern- 
ment and of peace there shall be no end, upon 
the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to 
establish it, and to uphold it with justice and 
with righteousness from henceforth even for 
ever. The zeal of Jehovah of hosts will per- 
form this. 

In that day shall there be a highway out of 
Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come 
into Egypt, and the Egyptian into. Assyria; and 
the Egyptians shall worship with the Assyrians. 
In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt 
and with Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the 
earth; for that Jehovah of hosts hath blessed 
them, saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, and 
Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine 

Isa. 11: 1-10; 2: 2-4; 9: 6, 7, and 19: 23-25. 
Maywood, III. 

The Problem of Emphasis 


People are temperamentally different, and hence 
see life differently. Some always see the dark side 
and prophesy doom and failure. Others see the hope- 
ful side of life and point out the signs of the dawn 
of a new day. Yet with all these differences, folks 
are much more alike than different. Perhaps neither 
of these classes is entirely blind to the facts seen 
by the other, but they emphasize different phases of 
the total situation. Differences can often be accounted 
for by noting a difference in accent of emphasis. 

Jesus emphasized different elements of religion from 
those the Pharisees expressed. They did not wholly 
neglect to teach love, kindness, mercy, and humani- 
tarian conduct, but the emphasis of the Pharisees was 
so predominantly upon the cultus, the ceremonial ob- 
servance of the worship, that in comparison, they 
almost ignored the moral law. Jesus, on the other 
hand, did not come "to destroy the law and the 
prophets" but to fill full their spiritual and moral 
meaning. He emphasized the moral side, the human 
side, the spiritual side of life so much that in com- 
parison with the Pharisees he was looked upon as 
a heretic, as one who disregarded the temple, with its 
cultus and its worship. The comparison really be- 
comes a contrast. Modern Jewish scholars try to 
rob Jesus of any originality, they point out that the 
teachings of Jesus are not new, they can nearly all 
be found somewhere in the teachings of the rabbis, 
or in the Old Testament. But the teachings of Jesus 
were not merely words, but life. He emphasized the 
vital elements of religion so much that they got totally 
new meanings. The Jews never taught tb' Father- 
hood of God with such richness, such dep'.. of mean- 
ing, and such universality of application as did Jesus. 
He gave this idea such emphasis that it became new, 
no longer a definition of God, but a new life in God, 
who is the loving Father. 

The Jews taught a kind of brotherhood, but it was 
so little emphasized in their teachings, and much less 
in practice, that they could not recognize the teach- 
ing of Jesus on this subject. When he behaved like 
a brother toward the common people, the oppressed, 
the publicans and sinners, they were outraged. He 
so emphasized the brotherhood of man in word and 
deed that it became new — a wholly new teaching. 
He translated a barren word into a life of fellowship 
and love that served and saved his fellow-men. The 
emphasis -made it new. 

The Jews taught purity, and had many laws on 
purity. But they found it difficult to achieve, so they 
invented "ceremonial purity." The Pharisees would 
not eat their meals unless they made themselves cere- 
monially clean after they had mingled on the streets 
with common humanity. Jesus had no respect at all 
for this " ceremonial purity " and ate and drank 
without washing his hands in a merely ceremonial 
way. He emphasized purity of the heart, purity of 
life, righteousness, justice and love, so that out of 

the abundant good will of the heart, the deeds of life 
would be pure, that he ignored the formal, meaning- 
less ceremony. Jesus emphasized the real, vital 
element; they the formal. 

The Jews emphasized the law. They tried to define 
the law so as to meet every possible exigency of life 
They expanded the Ten Commandments into four 
thousand four hundred separate laws. Jesus, too 
regarded the law. But he saw in the law only the 
teachings of moral and spiritual righteousness, and 
that all was for the good of man. Every institution 
was for man's benefit. "The sabbath was made 
for man and not man for the sabbath." He used 
the law with such freedom that to the point of view 
of the Jews, he was a blasphemer against Moses and 
all their sacred religion. The Jews were so lost in 
the multiplicity of their laws of cultus that they for- 
got the moral law. Jesus brushed all away and put 
forth two laws as the sum of all: viz., Love the Lord 
thy God with all thy heart, mind, soul and strength, 
and thy neighbor as thyself. 

Jesus was killed because he dared to emphasize 
the moral and spiritual elements in religion and ignore 
the formal and ceremonial. The charges of heresy 
against Jesus were grounded in his disregard for the 
law and the temple, as the Jews interpreted piety. 
Did he really ignore the law or is it a question of 
emphasis ? 

May we not get a hint from this as to some of 
our modern differences? Perhaps we believe very 
much alike, affirm the same doctrines and beliefs, but 
with a different emphasis. Some emphasize correct 
definition, creed, dogma; others accept all these, in a 
general way, but emphasize deeds, life, practical 
loyalty and service. To be very concrete I shall use 
my own personal attitude toward these problems, hop- 
ing to make myself clearer by so doing. 

I believe in the divinity or deity of Christ. I assume 
that to be a Christian one must believe that Christ is 
the true Son of God in a sense in which we are not. 
" He is the only begotten from the Father." This 
is very simple and easy. But I like to emphasize, 
not the metaphysics of the Nicene Creed, or the pon- 
derous definitions of theology, but the practical signifi- 
cance of this faith. Since I accept Jesus Christ as 
the Son of God, I must make him my Lord, the Lord 
of all, or he is not Lord or all. It means a life of 
loyalty, of absolute devotion and service; as the 
servant of Christ who walks with him in " the body 
of Christ" the church, to promote his Kingdom in 
the lives of men. Which shall we emphasize, the 
metaphysical, or the practical ; definitions or deeds; 
doctrines or loyalty? You might answer: Why not 
emphasize both? That sounds well, but history shows 
that those ages of the church when speculation was 
rife, the church entered into periods of decadence. 
Jesus himself taught what should be emphasized. He 
said, " This do," " Follow me," " Go and be my wit- 
nesses." He spent no time in philosophical discus- 
sions, but all of his energies in getting men to have 
a vital fellowship with the Father, and he assured 
them that " he that willeth to do his will shall know " 
(John 7: 17). The teachings of Jesus and experience 
show that only through obedience and conduct can 
the deep things of religion be known. Only through 
a living loyalty can we understand. 

I believe in the second coming of Christ. I never 
doubted this teaching, and never avoided it when it 
was in the course of study. Eut I have not emphasized 
the second coming as much as the first coming. There 
are over a billion people in the world who have never 
heard of the first coming. Many who have heard of 
his first coming do not yet seem to be acquainted 
with him. I do know, after years of study, fairly 
well about his coming, his teachings, his personality. 
and his will for us. I know he wants men to have 
faith in him and loyally follow him as true disciples 
of his. I have no doubts at all about the field of 
duty, conduct, faith, loyalty, the Christian life. These 
things I know ; I am sure about them. I am absolutely 
sure of three things — evangelism. Christian education, 

(Continued on Page 36) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 

Notes on Books Which Have Helped Our 

Henry Dmmmond's " Addresses " 

A year or two ago, the writer spoke to his Bible 
clnss one morning of Professor Drummond's essay 
The Greatest Thing in the World. When the Sunday- 
school period was over, a lady member of the class 
asked to borrow the book. Some months later, she 
told him that a roomer in her house, a young man who 
was not a church member, had read the little book 
through and been so impressed by it that he had not 
only bought a copy of his own, but had ordered half a 
dozen more and sent them to relatives and friends as 
Christmas presents. It does not seem to be true, as 
some critics have suggested, that Henry Drummond's 
message was to his immediate generation only, and that 
he has nothing to say to the young men and women of 

Recent findings of science may have rendered some 
of Drummond's scientific conclusions antiquated, al- 
though the present writer cherishes the conviction that 
his " Natural Law in the Spiritual World " and his 
" Ascent of Man " are still able to bring peace and as-' 
surance to the sort of logical mind whose faith needs 
the help of reason and the record of scientific observa- 
tion. Drummond was especially sympathetic with this 
type of mentality, and the bulk of his writings have 
this type in mind. Jesus, he reminds us, was much 
mure respectful of the doubter than of the complacent- 
ly orthodox, the Pharisee; and everywhere Profes- 
sor Drummond urges men to use their minds. " Faith," 
he says, " is never opposed to reason in the New Testa- 
ment, but to sight." 

Even though it be true that certain studies of Pro- 
fessor Drummond's deal with the changing and are 
no longer abreast of the times, the remarkable Ad- 
dresses, which grapple with the eternal problems and 
frame eternal truths certainly mean as much today as 
they did when they were spoken. Our fathers had no 
more need of love than we have. Our fathers had no 
more need than we of becoming Christlike by contem- 
plating and assimilating the Christ-character and the 
Christ-life. Doubt is with us today, in a less acute and 
painful form perhaps,-but in a more dangerous form, 
since it is so often coupled with indifference. And we 
need, at least as keenly as the students of his day, a 
fair perspective for Bible study. In fact, in this age 
of liberalism and dislike of dogma, the sane, tolerant, 
rational and genial Christianity of men like Drum- 
mond, if there were some way of bringing him to the 
attention of a generation which so generally shies at 
everything which bears the name of religion, might 
win adherents who could never be touched by the un- 
compromising dogmatism of certain other great apolo- 
gists. Drummond was a scholar, a cultured gentleman, 
a man of the world. Like the Master, he came eating 
and drinking; and like the Master, he touched the 
minds and hearts of hearers who would have been 
only perplexed and repelled by the John Baptists and 
the John Calvins. 

It is doubtful if the literature of religion can show 
anything much more admirable than the careful sim- 
plicity, the straight-to-the-center plainness of the ad- 
dress called The Greatest Thing in the World. The 
greatest thing, of course, is love; and every word of 
the address breathes the spirit of ardent good-will. 
There are pages on which the average length of sen- 
tence is not more than five or six words. There are 
pages so quiet that one may suddenly start in surprise 
at the realization that one has been borne smoothly 
through the intricacies of a marvelously delicate Scrip- 
tural exposition. It is like shooting the rapids at Sault 
Ste. Marie with a modest Indian expert of a boatman. 
It is art of the highest — the " ars celare artem " of the 
old Latin poet — but it succeeds so admirably only be- 
cause it is the candid expression of eternal truth. It is 
the noblest commentary on St, Paul's noblest passage. 
" Why do you want to live tomorrow? It is because 
there is some one who loves you, and whom you want to 
see tomorrow, and be with, and to love back. There is 
no other reason why we should live on than that we 
love and are loved." What human tongue ever spoke 

the everlasting verities more simply ? and yet who ever 
put them more persuasively and convincingly? 

Henry Drummond was a Scotchman, educated at the 
University of Edinburgh and the Free Church Col- 
lege of the same city. For years he was at the same 
time a science professor and a lay preacher. As dis- 
tinguished investigator, he took part in scientific ex- 
peditions to Africa, Australia and the American Rock- 
ies ; he was also an active missionary worker, with a 
special gift for interesting and winning young people. 
One of the most forcible of his talks to boys is printed 
in the little volume of Addresses. The Greatest Thing 
in the World and Other Addresses may be obtained in a 
seventy-five cent edition through the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, 111. 
Norman, Oklahoma. 

The Passing of the Generations 


How swiftly time passes before our eyes! Before 
we realize it, we are in the very activities of life. It 
seems like only yesterday since we were boys looking 
to our fathers as the men who were the movers of 
life's activity. And tomorrow we will be the grand- 
fathers, looking upon our sons as they carry on the 
active burdens and responsibilities of Christian serv- 
ice. The children of yesterday are the grandfathers 
of tomorrow. The children of yesterday are today, 
yes today — What? What are we accomplishing? 
What are we worth? How do our lives affect the 
world's progress? Can we look these questions 
directly in the face without feeling guilty? Are we 
doing our duty, our utmost? Are we applying and 
appropriating every advantage that has been handed 
down to us? 

Yes, as we look back, perhaps we must acknowledge 
that our fathers did at times make mistakes. Un- 
doubtedly with the experience they now have they 
would be able to do better, were a second opportunity 
given them. But, fellow-laborers in the field of serv- 
ice today, are we making the best of all the heritage 
passed on to us by our noble fathers: in the home, 
in the school, in the church? 

This is one of the vital questions of life that should 
demand of us some moments of real introspection and 
heart-searching. Should we let our humility and 
filial respect keep us from reaching higher attainments 
than our fathers reached or could reach? We are 
not good sons if we do not do better than they did. 
They led us, or at least hoped to lead us, as far as 
they were able to go. It is up to us to carry the 
banner a bit farther. We do not do an equal work; 
we are not worthy sons ; we become a disappointment, 
to our noble fathers, unless we reach higher attain- 
ments in our day than they were ever able to reach 
in theirs. However, from a comparative standpoint, 
our labors may not reach greater attainments than 
theirs, yet it is our duty as well as our privilege to 
build above the line where they left off. The genera- 
tion today builds upon the foundations of the genera- 
tion of yesterday. What they have done is neither a 
matter of criticism nor of regret for us. We are 
glad for the noble work they accomplished. But 
there is still much to be done. It is the present gen- 
eration that is responsible for doing what is to be 
done today. The man who is seeking to make the 
best contribution to the world has little time to com- 
plain about what his father did not do, or to criticize 
what he did do. There is so much positive, construc- 
tive work to be done that it leaves no time or energy 
to look for negative results or to be destructive in 
our judgments and evaluations. 

Rather than to criticize what has been done in the 
past, let us look ahead and anticipate how our labors 
will meet the approval of the coming generation. 
While we wish to do all we can, let us recognize the 
stern fact that time may cut us off before all will be 
done. Then the next generation will need to build 
on the foundation that we have left for them. We 
may well ask ourselves now : How are we preparing 
the childrerr today, who will be the men when we 

pass from the stage of greatest activity? The little 
carefree, vivacious, mischievous boys today, will be 
filling the pulpits, sitting behind the desks, holding the 
reins of government and searching out the facts of 
life tomorrow. What are we doing to prepare them 
for this? 

This is a^ tense life we are living. It is full of re- 
sponsibilities and challenges. God is a wonderful 
God; and he has made us wonderful beings; and he 
has placed us in a wonderful world. How are we 
conducting our lives, and how are we preparing others 
to help make this world a better abiding place for his 

New Haven, Conn. 



The Chicago Church of the Brethern takes pleasure in 
announcing that the dedication services for their new 
church home, located at Congress Street and Central 
Park Avenue, will take place on Sunday Jan. 11, 1925. 

Bro. Chas. D. Bonsack will deliver the dedicatory ad- 
dress at the morning service. His theme will be: "The 
Glory of the Church." 

There will be services morning, afternoon, and evening 
on Dedication Day, and during the week following there 
will be services of special interest and importance each 

We of the Chicago church extend a cordial invitation 
to our sister congregations of this region, to be present 
with us at these services and lend the inspiration of their 
presence for a successful and impressive program. We 
will welcome all who come. Plan to meet with us Jan. 
11. Send at least a delegation if possible. 

Outline of Projjram 
Sun. Jan. 11, 9:30 A.M. Church School. 

10: 30 A. M. Dedication Service. 
4:00 P.M. Vesper Service. 
5:30 P. M. Social Hour. 
7:30 P.M. Evening Worship. 
Mon. Jan. 12, 7:30 P.M. Lecture, Bro. C. C. Ellis. 
Tues. Jan. 13, 7:30 P.M. Address, Bro. Edward Frantz. 
Wed. Jan. 14, 7:30 P.M. Address, Bro. J. W. Lear. 
Thur. Jan. 15, 7:30 P.M. Sermon, Bro. F. S. Eisenbise, 

Fri. Jan. 16, 7:30 P.M. Church Business Meeting. 
Chicago, 111. Forest S. Eisenbise. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Live Oak.— Of late our seasons of refreshing have come frequently, 
Bro. O. L. Minnich, of Pomona, Calif., was to be with us Dec. 
13 and 14, but he did not arrive in time fir the service on the 13th, 
so Bro. M. N. Rensberger, of Gleichcn, Canada, en route to La Verne, 
Calif., delivered a splendid message. Bro. Minnich preached for us 
on Sunday morning. A lunch was served at the church after 
which an hour or more was spent in a social way. At 2:30 Bro. 
Minnich gave an illustrated talk to the juniors. .The writer gave 
an illustrated tftnperance lesson to the juniors at 6:30. after which 
Bro. Minnich brought the evening message. Bro. Simeon Davis, 
of Empire, Calif., preached for us on Dec. 21. His message of 
good cheer was timely. Our Christmas program was canceled at 
the request of the health authorities, owing to the prevalence of 
smallpox in the community.— Albert Crites, Live Oak, Calif., Dec. 22. 
Dec. 26. 

San Diego.— Our last council was held Dec. 21. Bro. S. G. Lclimer 
was reelected elder; Bro. Wm. Bonar, clerk; Mrs. L. E. Allen, "Mes- 
senger " agent. The council was preceded by a Christmas program 
at which 105 people were present. The program was a splendid 
success. We are going to have a revival starting Jan. 4, with Bro. 
Sollenberger, of Glendora, evangelist.— Eltha Neff, San Diego, Calif., 
Dec. 25. 


Lakeland.— The members and friends of Lakeland and vicinity have 
been meeting at the home 1 of the writer for several months past 
every two weeks in Sunday-school and preaching service. At our 
first meeting in June only twelve were present. Christmas Day we 
met with forty-three present. The young people rendered a Christ- 
mas program in recitations and songs after which Eld. Wilt, of the 
Old Order Brethren, preached a very able discourse which was much 
appreciated. Bro. Wilt is eighty -one years old, but still able to 
preach. Tourists are with us and others moving in. Bro. E. S. 
Hollinger, of New Paris, Ohio, a young minister, is also with us 
and does some preaching. A large open field is before us. The 
Brethren here in a city of 20,000 are practically unknown but are 
very responsive. Any ministers coming this way can find work 
to do.— J. S. Leckrone, Lakeland, Fla., Dec. 2S. 


Cherry Grove church met in business session Dec. 9, with Bro. 
I. R. Young presiding. Two letters were granted. The following 
officers were elected: Sunday-school superintendent, Roy Frey ; 
Christian Workers' president, Pearl Putcrhaugh. The collection 
on Thanksgiving Day was given to Mt. Morris College. Dec. 14 
J.. W. Lear, of Chicago, gave us a very helpful sermon on steward- 
ship. Dec. 21 a splendid Christmas program was given by the 
children and young people, after which our pastor and family 
were given a pound shower.— Lanah E. Shidler, Lanark, 111., Dec. 29. 

Yeltow Creek church met in council Sept. 20 with Bro. I. E. 
Weaver presiding. Having decided to elect all church and Sunday- 
school officers in October instead of December, the latter were 
carried over for nine months. Bro. I, E. Weaver continues as 
(Continued on Page 28) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 


Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

General Director of the Council of Promotio 

The Test of One's Religion 

A group of pastors not long ago were talking con- 
fidentially over the affairs of their churches. At last 
they came to the matter of finance and the gifts their 
congregations made for missions. One of the pastors 
said that he had just made a special appeal for mis- 
sions, and asked every member to fill out a pledge 
card for this year. He looked over the cards on which 
the pledges were made. He wished he had not done 
it. It gave him a sleepless night. He said with tears 
in his eyes that no one could sleep after looking at 
those cards if he loved his people. More than half 
of them bore no pledge at all. They were as blank as 
when they were sent out. Knowing his people well he 
was able to tell from the cards that carried pledges with 
the names attached, just who the delinquents were. All 
of them were able to give something. Some of those 
who were best able to give were among those who 
gave ncihing. 

No doubt Jesus Christ, too, looked over those cards. 
And what can Jesus Christ think of a man who has 
work and a good income, who lives in comfort, who 
smokes, and goes to a movie or two every week, who 
believes that the Son of God died for him and that his 
Savior wants his Gospel sent to the end of the world, 
and who yet cannot see his way clear to pledge any- 
thing to help in the work of telling dying men about 
the only Savior from sin there is ? Such a man surely 
does not know what he is doing. He does not believe 
what he says he believes, he surely does not. If he 
does believe what every Christian man declares he be- 
lieves, and yet can hand back that pledge card to the 
Savior blank, he is worse than any infidel we have 
ever heard of. We can respect an infidel who cares 
for nobody but himself. He may be living up to his 
creed. But a man who believes that the Son of God 
died for him and that the Savior wants the Gospel car- 
ried to others who will die everlastingly if they do not 
have it, and yet can put a blank pledge card into the 
Savior's pierced hand — how can we find words proper- 
ly to describe such a man ! And mark you, the sorrow 
in the case in question is not simply that the record of 
the past year was disappointing, but that the man 
avowed in advance that he has no intention of doing 
any better in the year to come. 

And really the case is not much better with the man 
who gives a pittance who is able to give much. In- 
deed, little as we may think of a man who gives noth- 
ing for missions, we are disposed to think less of the 
man who gives for the great cause of the world's evan- 
gelization less than he would give to a beggar on the 
street. The man who gives nothing may not have 
thought about the matter seriously. But a man who 
gives an infinitesimal sum when he is able to give 
much, insults God. It is as though he said to Jesus 
Christ: " I have considered your claim and it is worth 
so much. " One treasurer of benevolences has told us 
that in his church are grown men and women who will 
put into an envelope for missions a dime or a nickel, 
and that in some cases that was their entire offering 
for foreign missions for a year. It is inconceivable that 
any Christian man or woman who believes that Christ 
shed his blood for us and in mortal agony hung on the 
cross for us, could offer him a nickel a year in grati- 
tude for his great sacrifice. Yet that is the thing that 
is enacted before our very eyes. 

One man well known to us has given as a reason 
why he can give nothing either for the support of the 
church of which he is a member or for missions is that 
he has to pay so much in income tax that he cannot 
afford to ! We have no hesitation in saying that that 
man should be a subject of discipline in his church, and 
if he shows no sign of repentance by making satis- 
factory gifts for his home church and for missions he 
should be excluded, and the reason for the action 
should be plainly stated. It is due to the man himself, 
and to the other members of the church. Ananias was 

a saint compared with him, Another pastor has told 
us of a poor washerwoman in his church who has 
promised to wash every Friday for Christ. That is bet- 
ter than fasting on Friday for Christ. She gets four 
dollars a day, and each week she divides that sum be- 
tween her church and the cause of missions. To 
some people that may seem like reckless giving. It is 
not. We are confident that the Savior would com- 
mend it. We venture the broad assertion that no one 
who has ever given liberally to God's cause has been 
impoverished by it. 

What a man shall spend in meeting his own needs 
and what he should devote to the needs of the world 
for which Christ died is a question too complex for 
any one person to settle for another. But in general 
we may say that mere indulgences might well be cut 
down to a minimum, and that money spent simply for 
ostentation is never spent for Christ. And we may say 
further that out of all the money that comes to our 
hand we ought at once to lay aside a part to be used 
strictly for the Lord's work. Some lay aside a tenth. 
That is good for a beginning. It has the warrant of 
being a Scriptural suggestion. Any one who follows 
it as a life plan will find real joy in it, and will be sur- 
prised to find that he is no poorer for it, and the world 
and Christ's cause are richer. 

If the Baptists of this land of ours should rise to 
their first duty of bringing in the tithes they would 
have to add to what they now give about $50,000,000 
yearly. Instead of a hundred million dollars in five 
years, we should be giving more than $250,000,000 in 
that time. If we paid over this sum, as is our primary 
duty, how long would it be before every man, woman 
and child on earth would hear the Gospel? 

What does the Savior think of our delinquency? A 
young woman in one of our churches said frankly 
that she was absent from the sprayer meeting the pre- 
vious Friday evening because every one who came was 
expected to bring something for missions. And when 
she was asked, "Where did you "go?" she said she 
went to a movie. Of course, she spent several times 
as much in going there as she would have given at the 
meeting. Put a life like that alongside a life like 
Paul's. He not only turned his back on all material 
wealth, but he spent himself for Christ's sake. He 
labored and suffered for Christ so much that when he 
might have^been only in his prime he was already an 
old man, but he felt it no hardship to do it. He loved 
Jesus Christ. What the world covets, he was glad 
to give up for Christ's sake and he felt it no deprivation 
to do it. He suffered the loss of all things for Christ, 
and felt that he made great gain by it. He rejoiced 
that he had in his body the marks of what he suffered 
for Christ. 

If thou, my Christ, today 
Shouldst speak to me and say, 
"What battles hast thou fought for me? 
Show me thy scars; I fain would see 
Sign of thy love for me " ; 

If thou shouldst speak, my Christ, 
My Leader and my King, 
And bid me lay thy wounds in sight, 
The scars borne just for thee in fight, 
What love scars could I bring? 

— Editorial in The Watchman-Examiner. 

held at York. Up to that time we had given what- 
ever we happened to have and thought we could 
spare. When I came home I talked it over with my 
wife and together we decided that the Lord should 
have a share of all he blessed us with. So we pro- 
cured a little box which we call the tithe box. In 
this box we put one-tenth of everything we sell or 
any money I receive for labor. We do not tithe the 
amount of produce we use and we deduct the amount 
spent for fertilizer before we separate the tithe. 

" While the method would not meet the approval 
of all, we would not think of returning to the hap- 
hazard way of giving to the Lord's work." 

This brother is a minister of limited circumstances 
but he has discovered the joy of systematic propor- 
tionate giving. 

I have the first person to meet who did not find real 
joy and personal satisfaction in giving the spiritual 
way. "If the readiness is there, it is acceptable ac- 
cording as a man hath, not according as he hath not." 

A Willing Mind Does the Work 

A minister of the Gospel with twelve to feed, 
clothe and shelter writes such an interesting letter 
that we shall take the occasion to reproduce a part 
of it. 

"I am a firm believer in the stewardship of life, 
time and money, for every honest dollar is the canned 
produce of some one's life. I cannot tell why so 
many professing Christians think differently. 

" A number of years ago I attended the Conference 

No, That's the Lord's Money 


SEVERAL years ago it was my pleasure to be in a 
home where there was something worth while to be 
learned — especially that the Lord's work comes first. 
In the home mentioned there seemed to be a scarcity 
of means for the necessities of life — more things were 
needed than there was money to buy ; and as I was 
assisting in the household affairs I saw a tumbler 
about one-third full of money. I supposed the mother 
had forgotten about it and I called her attention to 
the money I had seen. But she said: "No, that's 
the Lord's money ; that is not to be used except as we 
need money for God's cause." The money in the glass 
was their tenth. 

The mother said: "How easy it is to give when 
we are prepared, for we always have something ready 
now." And that impression has stayed with me ever 
since. How easy it would be to keep the Mission 
Board supplied if all who profess to be the followers 
of Jesus would keep their tenth (according to God's 
Word) in a safe place! What a lesson to children in 
such a home ! 

The children were small then, but I feel sure that 
the giving example was carried on down through the 
life of that home. And can you see the end of such 
consecration? No, indeed. If such consecration were 
generally practiced there would be no such deficiency 
as at present confronts the mission work of the church. 
I heard recently, too, of a young man who gives the 
tenth of all he earns, and just as sure as he does the 
Lord will bless his life. 

A few years later I saw another example in this 
same home I mentioned. As I left my resting place 
in the morning I passed the room where the father 
and mother had slept, and as I did so the father was 
on his knees starting the day with God. As I came 
to where the mother was I said: "As I passed your 
bedroom I saw your husband on his knees." " Yes," 
she said, " if I were on my knees as often as he is 
I would get along better." He made the Lord's work 
first, and he grew and he became a very spiritual man. 
It is easier and better to make the Lord's work first; 
it is an example and helps those around us. 

La Verne, Calif. 

We are in receipt of a program of one of our own 
good pastors of a rural church in which every detail 
of the program for the day both in Sunday-school and 
preaching services is carefully planned. Copies are 
sent out each week at an early date, to all members and 
others. In this way a real interest has been aroused so 
that people come in great numbers and the children do 
not leave after Sunday-school, for there is no break- 
between the services. In fact the most intensive part 
of the worship program is used at the point between 
Sunday-school and preaching. This pastor is wise 
enough to utilize all his folks from time to time both 
in making the program and in rendering it. e. f. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 


Findings in a District Survey 


Part IV. — Another Problem 
There is a fourth problem that confronts the 
church today as a problem of the first magnitude; it 
is that of winning the non-Christians of our com- 
munities to Christ. An enormous per cent of the 
people of most of our country communities are not 
members of any church. In one county in which 
some of our churches are located only ten per cent 
of the population in the rural districts are members 
of evangelical churches. Nor are there many Catho- 
lics in the community. More than seventy-five per 
cent of the rural population are not members of 
evangelical churches in six of fourteen counties in 
which our churches are located. How can the 
churches win at least a part of the seventy-five per 

Some means that would help solve the problem are: 
(1) Increase the spiritual life and evangelistic fervor 
of the churches. (2) Provide religious education for 
the children of the community. (3) Put away our 
narrow sectarianism which results in small, weak 
churches, blind competition, over-churching and the 
consequent abandonment of churches. 

We recognize the first two factors in the problem 
but we are constantly closing our eyes to the last. In 
each of the six counties mentioned above in which 
over seventy-five per cent of the population are not 
members of any church there are from seven to 
twenty-seven abandoned churches. Why? Not be- 
cause there is no need of them. Not because there is 
no field to work. But why are they abandoned? 
They were killed by blind competition. They were 
located without a consideration of the field to be 
worked, thus over-churching many neighborhoods 
while others suffered. They were founded and pro- 
moted in the spirit of narrow sectarianism, without 
a Christian consideration of the other churches, with- 
out the cooperation of all the Christian people of the 
community. As a result, the detested and costly law 
enunciated by Darwin had full sway. Churches die 
hard; but blind competition, allowed to operate be- 
cause we Christians will not work together in love, 
is killing churches at a rapid rate. 

Not only are we reaping a harvest of abandoned 
churches as a result of this; but perhaps the most 
serious damage is done to the Kingdom by the small, 
weak churches that result from over-churching. It is 
no disgrace for a church to be small and weak if it 
is young; but most of the small churches are not 
young. Neither would it be serious to have many 
small churches if they were efficient in winning souls 
and leading men into the abundant life. The welfare 
of the church as a whole is not furthered as well by 
the many small churches as it would be were the 
same number of members grouped in fewer and larger 

It is evident that the smaller churches cannot sup- 
port a pastor as readily as a larger church. As a pas- 
tor is a big factor in the growth of a church, those 
without cannot grow as do those that have a pastor. 
Neither can the smaller churches train their Sunday- 
school teachers. Of the ten churches in the District 
having teacher-training, the average enrollment of the 
Sunday-school is 130. Of the twenty-seven schools 
having no teacher-training, the average enrollment is 
seventy-five. The children who go to the small 
schools do not have the trained teachers that those 
have in the larger ones. 

Of the sixteen churches in our District having over 
100 active members, eight had Daily Vacation Bible 
Schools and seven had none. Whereas of the 18 
churches having less than 100 active members, only 
two had a Daily Vacation Bible School— and both of 
these were community schools made possible largely 
by cooperation with other churches— and 16 of these 

smaller churches had no Vacation School. The small- those who choose to live for the cause of righteous- 

er churches are unable to teach their children the Bible ness and truth ! 

as are the larger ones. But they tell us that no such outpouring of the 
In the^Sunday-schools having an average attendance Holy Spirit occurs today.* (Some would answer this 
of over seventy the contributions reported amounted objection by saying that they do occur. But the in- 
to $6.64 per member. In the schools having less stances cited are rife with excesses and lacking in 
than seventy average attendance, the contributions moral depth.) Even tnough the form of the Holy 
amounted to $4.22 per member. In this case the Spirit's first manifestation is no more repeated, this 
smaller groups gave $2.42 less per member per year is no valid objection to the Scriptural account, nor 
than the larger groups. This would indicate that the to the Holy Spirit's present ministry. Generalized a 
smaller churches do not give as liberally as do the bit, and put in other words, the absurdity of this ob- 
larger. jection is evident, " Nothing ever happened except 
The average enrollment of the twenty-three Sun- what can be duplicated now! " When we contemplate 
day-schools of our District reporting conversions, was the unmeasured variety in God's creation, our meager 
116. In these schools there was an average of one insight into his ways, surely it ill becomes us to boast 
convert to every 16 enrolled. While the average such an excuse for our unbelief. It is the glory of 
enrollment of the 14 schools reporting no converts the great Spiritualities that they are always finding 
was 49. In these smaller schools there were no con- new forms to suit new occasions. This passing of 
verts to 698 members. In the same proportion as in forms is a sign of life and power — not of death, 
the larger schools there should have been 43 converts The events of the day of Pentecost are not so won- 
in these small groups. This would indicate that the derful as the rest of the Acts of the Apostles which 
smaller groups do not win their children and the people constitute the history of the Christian Church, 
of the community to Christ as do the larger. Peter here transcends all his antecedents of race 
The fact that the smaller churches are inefficient and training : " For the promise is unto you and to 
is also indicated by the findings of the survey of the your children, and to all that are afar off, even as 
churches of the State, which shows that of the 811 many as the Lord our God shajl call." A little later 
churches of all denominations having less than 100 wnen events were fulfilling these words, it was with 
members in fourteen counties in which our churches dlffi <:ulty that Peter acquiesced! How is a man thus 
are located, only 287 are gaining in membership while lifted aDove himself? It is by the Holy Ghost! 
524 are losing. ^ e s hall better understand primitive gifts when 
If we grade these 811 churches more closely as to P™ itive union and P assi ° n Prevail among us. The 
their size and write it as follows, we will see more Sma " man Can never understand th e behavior of the 
clearly the relation of the size of the congregation g * at ™ an ' " T ° h ' m ■' iS Sheer foolishness - This is 
t growth: y accustomed charge brought against great 

m™w.a:„ r en » mn c,o r-t. , souls is insanity or (as here) drunkenness. Heroic 

Membership from 50 to 100— 518 Churches ,• • ■•ni--i.ii , , „ „ . 

G j. owin 228 >S mtelll S ,ble °nly to the hero. "Spiritual 

, . I " things are spiritually discerned." It is to be expected 

r , " ', ' ' '*' " „.. that a church in which is neither unity nor deep pas- 

Chances for growth 19 to 24 „■ „ ,, , , £ . .. ,.„- , t , . ' , , F l 

sion should find it difficult to understand the events 

Membership from 25 to 50—202 churches of Pentecost. Nothing illuminates the understanding 

Growing 50 like a fire in the heart! 

Losin g 152 North Manchester , hid. 

Chances for growth 1 to 3 , , , 

Membership less than 25-91 churches Studie j on the Teachin of p b Jesug 

Growirrg -. . . . 9 

Losing , 82 BYWM. KINSEY 

Chances for growth 1 to 9 Study No. S— The Holy Spirit and Prayer 

I think after considering the above facts most of ^tf.L^T X ^ ? "" T/T"? ,'" ° -T^" 

.,, , ...,._. place, that when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto 

us will be convinced of the inefficiency of the small him, Lord, teach us to pray, even as John also taught 

church in winning souls for our Master; but most his disciples. And he said unto them, When ye pray, 

of us will say it can't be helped. We will go on per- say - Father . Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, 

petuating these inefficient organizations But are we Give us day by day our djUy bread - And f ° r sive us our 

sure the situation cannot be helped? That which is 72 ,'" W ° °T!Tk a ' S ° forgive . every one that is in - 

,.„, . .. ■„,„,, , debted to us - An <i bring us not into temptation. And 

contrary to the will of God cannot succeed. Let us he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, 

search out the facts. Let us face our problems. Let us an d shall go unto him at midnight, and say to him, Friend, 

discover and use the best possible way to lead our lend me tnree Ioaves ; tor a friend of mine is come to 

fellow-men to Christ and to lift them Godward me from a i ourney ' and J have nothing to set before him; 

and he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me 

not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me 

ti ill f.i in bed; I cannot rise and give thee? I say unto you, 

ine noiy Unost Though he will not rise and give him because he is his 

BY R. h. miller friend, yet because of his importunity he will arise and 

.,,. . . . ,. . , B've him as many as he needeth. And I say unto you, 

And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find' 

a rushing mighty wind and ,. filled all the house where knock , and „ shall b< f op J d „ nto you £ '™ *^ 

hey were sitting And there appeared unto them cloven , ha t asketh receive,!,; and he that seeketh findeth; and "o 

ongues like as o fire, and,, sat upon each of them. And him that knocketh it shall be opened. And o which 

hey were al filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to „, you that is a father shall his son ask a loaf, and he 

anceMActs 2 27 6UeS ' " SP,r,t g " e '"^ -""" S ' Ve Wm a St ° ne? ° r a fish ' a " d <" f " a W» *t -- 

a serpent? Or if he shall ask an egg, will he give him 

The builders of the temple, the defenders of Israel, a scorpion? If ye then, being evil, know how to give 

her prophets, poets and leaders are said to have been B ° od gifts unt0 y ° ur children . h °w much more shall your 

filled at times with the Holy Ghost. The men and ^T^flT. %)** H< " T ^ '° ' hCm ^ "" 
women who have served and suffered most have . 

known, by an indubitable intuition, that they were in ( ' d ' ' CaCh ™ to pmy - ' ' ■ When 3« 

commerce with a Power, greater than themselves ^"^ Note that " f o pray " and " ye pray " are from 

that works for ends beyond their vision. This Power P rose " cho '"^ to off er prayers, to pray; restricted to 

is the Holy Ghost! The ministry of the Holy Ghost ^f f ° r 

is an indisputable fact. The phenomena of the day * JeSUS CeSSed praym S in a certain P Iace - one 

of Pentecost need no other explanation ° f h ' S d,sc, P les asked-that he teach them to pray. In 

Tt ' , ■ , .__.. , . , , , compliance with the request, Jesus did two things- 

If a spark can ignite a body of clay, so that t /-..i tj . u.t ... , ,, * 

„„„ . -m • , , . . w He tau ght them the Lord's prayer (Lukes ver- 

enacts a tangible expression of the thoughts and einn vprsoc % ^ , M „ J . , 

affections which tabernacle within it, is it hard to ' V„ < r ) • L ^ . ' P " aUe " 

believe that there is a reendowment of Power for P"^' ^ W1 * " S the ^^ ° f «"* P araMe 

(Continued on Page 26) 


And Who Is Thankful? 

And who is thankful? First, the plant for life bestowed; 
For rain, that suddenly from root to leaflet flowed; 
For ground, that bore, nourished, renewed, refreshed and 

For light, that brought from heav'n its daily bread. 

And who is thankful? 'Tis the beast through drudging 

Who through the long year past exulted in his powers, 
In plodding slow by day, in resting soft by night, 
In man's kind word that makes his plodding light. 
And who is thankful? E'en the lame, the poor and old 
For some small kindness shown, unrecompensed, untold; 
Mothers in sadness, widows— those of home deprived, 
Yet grateful joy and beauty have survived. 

And who is thankful? He whose all sustaining hand 
Revives the withered plant, whose heart can understand 
And reach the beast and needy with his gifts of love; 
His name is writ in words of gold above. 
Wayne, Pa. 

Grandmother Warren 


So intently were Grandmother Warren and her 
guest, Mary Baker, looking out of the window at a 
group of high-school girls passing by that they forgot 
to continue their conversation. When the last bobbed 
head had passed the blooming lilac bush, they both 
leaned back in their chairs and looked at each other 
with an expression which only age can bring to a 
woman's eyes. Mary's were tinged with disapproval. 
Perhaps a little envy lurked there, too, for such care- 
free days as those girls were evidently enjoying had 
long been denied her by the fleeting years. Grand- 
mother's eyes were harder to read. As always they 
were full of understanding and love, but was not also 
curiosity and wonder there, a question in their quiet 
depths? Did those bobbed mops of hair cover the 
same kind of impulses, the same emotions that her own 
sober coils had hidden in her youth? Grandmother 
was hardly sure she knew the answer to her own ques- 
tion. By no means would she want Mary Baker to 
dream that she had a doubt about it, for Grandmother 
knew quite well what Mary Baker was going to say 
as soon as the girls had passed out of sight. 

" Well," complained Mary, " girls certainly have it 
easy these days. Not a care nor a worry. Slip through 
their lessons just any way. Cars to ride in; money 
and clothes to suit their taste. Parties. Everything. 
I tell you it's a real problem to send a girl through 
high school. It costs so much, and what do they get 
out of it? Nothing but a good time. They haven't a 
responsibility nor a care in the world. I tell Helen 
every morning when she is hurrying around to get 
ready for school, and like as not, something doesn't 
go right — she expects so much— I tell her that she had 
better enjoy herself now while she has me to work 
for her for the time is coming when she will have to 
do some of these things for herself. I say her easiest 
time is right now, and her happiest. Sometimes J 
think it isn't right to raise our girls the way we do, 
but what can one do when every one is doing it? So 
I tell her she had better appreciate her good times now 
for the day will soon come when she will have to settle 
down to good hard work and little enough pleasure. 
I know for I have been through it." 

" Yes," agreed Grandmother with a smile. " I 
think we have all been through it, and know some- 
thing about it. It is a common enough expression 
that youth is the happiest age of all. Doubtless it 
is for many people, but I have always rebelled against 
that idea, Mary. I believe one should grow happier 
as age comes on." 

" Well, I do say, Grandmother, you surprise me. 
You have had your troubles and your hard work. 
You have done more than most." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 

" I don't know about that. I haven't done as much 
i* I should nof as much as I have wanted to. Could 
I have done more, I would be happier now. I wopld 
have had an easier time." 

" Well, I don't see it that way. It seems to me that 
if I could keep a girl and had plenty of money so I 
didn't need to feel pinched all the time, and if I had 
good health so I could go out and have a gootl time 
that I wouldn't want to bother about doing any work. 
I would be just as free and happy as those girls are." 

"No doubt you would, but I don't believe those 
girls are the freest and happiest people on earth as 
you say, even if they do look like they were. They 
have everything given them that they need. They even 
have their education passed out to them in such sugar- 
pill doses that it fails to make an impression on some 
of them. All the grown-ups conspire to give them an 
easy time thinking that an easy time is a happy time. 

" There are two kinds of ease, Mary. There is the 
ease that comes from not doing anything or not hav- 
ing any tasks to perform, and then there is the ease 
that comes after accomplishment. When the house 
has been cleaned and dusted, when the curtains are 
starched and ironed, when the windows are shining, 
you can sit down in your rocking chair and look about 
you with an ease that only the woman who has been 
through house-cleaning can enjoy. When you have 
planned a dress for Helen that sets off her beauty, 
you can watch her go down the street wearing it, 
and there is a pride and ease, if you please, shining 
from your face, that she cannot possibly have, al- 
though she is wearing the dress. That is the ease of 
accomplishment. The same light is seen in the small 
hoy's face when he calls his mother to admire a tunnel 
in his sand pile and also in his sister's face after mak- 
ing, with bungling stitches, her first doll-dress " all by 
myself." That ease of spirit brightens the bride's 
face when she has served a really delicious meal. It 
floods the young mother's soul with an unearthly joy 
after the birth of her first child. That is the ease we 
are taking from our children when we say : ' Here, 
we are doing everything for you, giving you all you 
want. Have a good time while you are young. You 
will never have such an easy nor such a happy time." 

Grandmother paused, and as Mary said nothing, she 
continued more quietly. 

" The tasks that come in later life are hard, but 
there is a freedom of soul as recompense for their 
accomplishment that makes them vastly worth while; 
an ease of spirit that is, in its essence, union with 
God, for is not growth of the soul growth toward 
God? That is the reward of middle life and old age. 

" Youth seems to realize that there must be some 
such prize in store, for do not these very high-school 
girls who are so petted complain of their bondage 
and demand to be freed to accomplish great deeds? 
Do they not dream of what important works they 
will create when they are once freed from mother's 
apron string and can go into the world as independent 
beings? Ah, Mary, wise parents should divide their 
responsibilities judiciously with their children, thus 
sharing this glorious ease with them, guarding them 
from the habit of wanting mere bodily comfort that 
comes from sitting about with folded hands." 

"Well, Grandmother, I suppose you are right. You 
usually are. But it doesn't sound like an easy way 
to attain ease," sighed Mary. 
, Pittsburgh, Pa. ^^ 

" Christian Development " 


If there ever was a time when the subject of Chris- 
tian development should be stressed it is now. We 
need to wake up to certain facts, if we are to hold 
our Christian experiences. The first thing in Christian 
development is the prayer life. We read concerning 
some of the great evangelists that they spent time 
in prayer, which is the secret, or one of the secrets 
of their success. The average Christian is too busy, 
as they put it, to pray. This must be remedied if 
we remain real Christians. 

We should not forget the reading of the Bible. But 


it is true that the Bible in some homes is dusty from 
lack of use. It seems to have lost its attraction for 
many. They have plenty of time to read secular 
books, but they are too busy to read God's Word. 

Personal work is another splendid way to grow 
spiritually. We should always be on the lookout for 
those who have not confessed Christ as 'their personal 
Savior. We should talk definitely to them. There 
are many who talk to people indirectly and indefinitely, 
but this does not produce very definite results. 

Then, again, church attendance is another way of 
developing the spiritual life. We need to mingle with 
others who are traveling on the road to the celestial 
city, and to hear the messages from God's messenger 
to us. 

Attending the mid-week prayer service is one way 
of developing that all who profess Christ should make 
more of. In many places this service is the least 
attended. In some places it has been discontinued. 
These facts are alarming; something should be done 
to remedy the situation. 

These are some of the essential things in Christian 
development, and it is earnestly hoped that many will 
be enlightened and see their privileges in the Christian 
life. And finally when life is over, may we hear 
those words : " Well done," and receive that abundant 
entrance into the home where sorrow, sadness, sick- 
ness, and death are no more. 

Nezu Brighton, Pa. 

Shining Lights 


" Let your light so shine before men," said the 
Master, many years ago. But he did not specify the 
size of the light. A lighthouse serves a great purpose, 
but a candle may transfer its light to the great light 
in the lighthouse, and so be equally important. It 
is not so much the size of the light, therefore, as 
whether of not the light is burning. 

Years ago, old folks tell us, it was the custom for 
each person who came to " meeting " in the log church 
or schoolhouse to bring a tallow candle along. When 
the first entered the building, he or she would light 
the candle. Then the next to arrive would do like- 
wise. Gradually, the illumination within the room 
would grow brighter and brighter, until it was nicely 
lighted. And, of course, the more folks who came 
to church, the brighter the light. 

How bright this world would be if each professing 
Christian's light were shining so that " they may see 
your good works, and glorify your Father which is 
in heaven." Whether large or small, then, that's the 
purpose of the light in our lives. And folks will see 
it, if it's burning. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

" V. C." 


During the late war, a certain soldier in a Euro- 
pean army received a letter from his mother in which 
she expressed the hope that before he returned from 
the war he would have been awarded a " V. C." 
(Victorian Cross) as a tribute to his bravery. 

This made the soldier feel good and inspired him 
with renewed courage. But as he read on, he saw 
that his good mother had added another wish : she ex- 
pressed the hope that her son might also be worthy 
of receiving several other " V. C.'s " — " Very Cour- 
ageous " was one ; " Very Cheery," another ; " Very 
Courteous," the third; and also "Very Constant." 

Perhaps the Christian will profit by asking of him- 
self: "How many 'V. C medals would I be worthy 
of at this time?" "Very Christlike" would make 
a splendid one to merit. " Very Careful " (to do 
nothing which Christ would not like to have one of 
his do) would be another to strive for. " Very 
Courageous " in the fight against sin would be an 
appropriate reward for obedience to 1 Cor. 16; 13 — ■ 
" Q u 't you like men ; be strong." 
Newport, Pa. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 


Calendar for Sunday, January 11 
Sunday-school Lesson, The Last Judgment. — Matt. 25: 


Christian Worker*' Meeting, Neighborliness. — Matt. 5: 

17-20. * * ^ 4 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism at Damascus, Wash. 

One baptism in the Weiser church, Idaho. 

Eight additions to the Conemaugh church, Pa. 

One was reclaimed and one baptized in the Kokomo 
church, Ind. 

Twenty baptized in Rocky Ford, 'Colo., — Brother and 
Sister J. Edwin Jarboe, evangelists. 

Eleven accessions to the Topeka church, Kans., — Brother 
and Sister O. H. Austin, evangelists. 

•Four baptisms in the Green Hill church, Va.,— Bro. John 
Glick, of Timberville, Va., evangelist: 

Five united with the Garden City church, Kans., — Bro. 
O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, evangelist. 

Ten converts in the Burnham church, Pa., — Bro. H. W. 
Hanawalt, of McVeytown, Pa., evangelist. 

Thirty-eight accessions to the church at Arcadia, Ind., — 
Bro. R. G. Rarick, of Muncie, Ind., evangelist. 

Nine baptisms in the Riddlesburg church, Pa., — Bro. 
John R. Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Plymouth church, Ind., — Bro. J. 
Edson Ulery, North Manchester. Ind., evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the West Eel River church, Ind.., — 
Brethren Lehman and J. W. Norris, evangelists. 

Four baptisms in the East Chippewa church, Ohio, — Bro. 
J, J; Anglemyer, of Williamstown, Ohio, evangelist. 

Forty- four baptisms in the North Spokane church, 
Wash., — Brother and Sister J. Edwin Jarboe, evangelists. 

One was baptized and one received from the Progres- 
sives in the Bremen church, Ind., — Bro. C. C. Kindy, of 
Huntington, Ind., evangelist. 

Nine were baptized, three reclaimed and one received 
on former baptism in the Oak Grove church, Ohio, — Bro. 
D. R. McFadden, of Smithville, Ohio, evangelist. 

* * ■* 4t 
Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. Ira Long, of Colfax, Ind., began Jan. 5 in the West 
Side church, Goshen, Ind. 

Bro. Edgar Rothrock, of La Verne, Calif., began Jan. 
5 in the Raisin church, Calif. 

Bro. A. D. Sollenberger, of Glendora, Calif., began Jan. 
4 in the San Diego church, Calif. 

Brother and Sister J. Edwin Jarboe in the West Side 
church. Spokane, Wash., until Jan. 11. 

Bro. Hiram E. Kaylor, of West Green Tree, to begin 
Jan. 11 at the Voganville house, Spring Grove, Pa. 

♦ * *> * 
Personal Mention 

Bro. W. R. Argabright's address is changed from Cush- 
ing to Ripley, Okla., R. 1. 

We are informed that the format inauguration of Dr. 
M. G. Brumbaugh as President of Juniata College is sched- 
uled for Thursday, Jan. 29, 10:30 A. M. 

" We are greatly pleased with our new field and its large 
opportunities as well as the appreciative response that the 
work is receiving," writes Bro. Galen B. Royer, Jr., pastor 
at Nappanee, Ind. 

Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, has accepted the pas- 
torale of the church at Springfield, same State, and will 
begin his labors there Feb. 1, taking the place of Bro. J. 
C. Inman who goes to Canton City church as noted last 

On account of a change in their program, Bro. J. Edwin 
Jarboe and wife, who are now in the State of Washington, 
think they will have time for one more meeting in Feb- 
ruary on their way home. Their address until then will 
be Grays, Washington. 

Bro. J. Arthur Wyatt has changed his address from 6238 
Hughe St.. Kansas City, Mo., to 277 S. Sherman St., Den- 
ver, Colo. Pastor of the church at Kansas City for six 
years, Bro. Wyatt took up the pastorate of the Denver 
church in November last. 

Sunday, January 18, is dedication day for the new church 
at Waynesboro, Pa. Special services are planned for the 
morning, afternoon and night. The hours are 10:45, 2:30 
and 7:00. Dr. G C Ellis will deliver the sermon at all 
three services. The dedicatory service proper will be in 
the afternoon. 

Bro. Ernest Sherfy, of McPherson, Kans., appreciates 
the many cheering messages which have come to him. 
After ten weeks of it he is still confined to his bed, but 
with hopeful prospects of ultimate recovery. 

Bro. G. A. Cassel, of Ashland, Ohio, left his home last 
week for the Southwest. He will spend most of the winter 
in the lower Rio Grande Valley, and hopes to visit the 
Industrial School at Falfurrias, Texas. His address for 
the next three months will be Weslaco, Texas. 

The Ottumwa church, Iowa, is observing the week of 
prayer by special services each night. The pastor, Bro. 
Wm. E. Thompson, says he is trying to help his people 
understand prayer better and adds, "I find that my folks 
like the plain gospel preaching." Any preacher could find 
that out about his folks, if lie has not already. 

Miscellaneous Items 

Our premium book is going nicely. If you do not have 
your copy read the last page of this " Messenger" and see 
how you can get a two dollar book and the church paper 
for one year — all for only $2.60. 

The Directors of Religious Education in the McPherson 
College territory will convene at McPherson College Fri- 
day and Saturday, Jan. 23 and 24. There will be one rep- 
resentative from each State District. The conference will 
be directed by Bro. Ezra Flory, General Sunday School 
Secretary. It immediately precedes the Bible Institute Jan. 
25-31, program of which was published in our last issue. 
The Yearbook for 1925 is off the press, and a copy has 
been laid on our desk. It contains the usual information 
about the various church activities, the Boards and Com- 
mittees, both General and District, the Ministerial List. 
Churches with Pastors and Elders in Charge, Gish Fund 
Books, Calendar pages for the new year and much other 
interesting and useful information. Should be in every 
Brethren home. Sold in connection with subscriptions to 
the "Gospel Messenger" for only ten cents additional. 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

A brother whom many of you know very well was spend- 
ing a week recently with a certain congregation in Bible 
study and other helpful meetings. But he found that 
something was not right. There were two parties in the 
church, two factions, though one hates to use that word. 
The feeling was not good. Unkind things had been said 
by both sides. Then this brother proposed that they have 
one meeting for the express purpose of looking into their 
differences, talking them over, and making some mutual 
concessions and confessions, maybe. They did. And the 
week closed with a great meeting and a great triumph 
of goodwill and brotherly love. Wasn't that fine? 

A History of the Brethren in Southern Iowa, compiled 
by A. H. Brower and W. P. Rodabaugh, is a clothbound 
volume of 323 pages which has lately come from the press 
of the Brethren Publishing House. It traxes .the history 
of this District from 1838, when the first settlements were 
made, giving the facts relating to the organization and ac- 
tivities of the various congregations, with pictures of many 
leaders and churches. It has biographical sketches of 
twenty-eight former ministers and the minutes of forty- 
seven District Meetings. Of special value to the members 
of Southern Iowa, it should interest many in other parts 
of the Brotherhood. The price is $2.60 postpaid. Orders 
should be sent to A. H. Brower, South English, Iowa. 
$ ,$. .;. .;. 

Special Notices 

Wanted at once, a brother and his wife as superintend- 
ent and matron to take charge of the Old Folks' Home of 
Northwestern Ohio. Write N. I. Cool, Beaverdam, Ohio. 

The Chicago Church of the Brethren will dedicate their 
new church home on Sunday, Jan. 11. An outline of the 
program for the day and the week following will be found 
on page 20 of this issue of the " Messenger." 

The Executive Board of the Committee of Arrangements 
of Annual Conference will meet at Winona Lake Jan. 16 
at 10:30. Any one having business to bring to this com- 
mittee should present it on or before this time.— W. Carl 
Rarick, Muncie, Ind. 

To the Churches of Middle Pennsylvania: The Children'i 
Home is now open for the reception of homeless children. 
Also for donations of any kind. Most needed at this time 
are wool and .cotton blankets for single beds.— *Frank E. 
Brubaker, Martinsburg, Pa. 

Notice to the Churches of North Dakota and Eastern 
Montana: Owing to failing health I expect to be away the 
balance of the winter and part of the summer, and by the 
help of Eld. G. I. Michael, our secretary-manager of Child 
Rescue work, we have appointed Charles Zook, of Minot, 
to take my place as treasurer of Child Rescue work till 
our next District Meeting. The churches will receive their 
notices from Bro. Zook instead of the writer. — G. W. 
Lingofelt, Surrey, N. Dak., Dec. 29. 

*;* ♦ *:* ♦ 
A Bystander's Notes on Machinery 

A Junk Man's Garden. Some days ago the Bystander 
had occasion to pass a junk man's garden. The place was 

filled with fragments of discarded automobiles, piles of 
old pipe, heaps of rusting farm machinery, and other 
battered remains of once useful articles. 

Church Machinery. In the mellowing light of later med- 
itation the Bystander began to think of the junk man's 
garden as a parable of the church. The rusting machinery 
was inactive or useless church organization. Some of it, 
like the machines in the junk man's garden, can be oiled 
up and used, or salvaged in some way. Part of it is clearly 
useless, outgrown. 

The Use of Church Machinery. It is much easier to 
make church rpachinery than to use it. Generally when 
some special work or interest demands attention a com- 
mittee or board is appointed to care for it. Local temper- 
ance or missionary work is an example. Most local con- 
gregations have committees for these special lines of work. 
That would seem to be sufficient, but all too often it is 
not. It is another case of where theory runs on ahead 
of practice. Have you ever considered, for example, just 
what a local missionary committee should do? It is very 
possible that you have not, for many missionary commit- 
tees are a bit hazy as to a program and about as active as 
molasses in January. But the committees are not alto- 
gether to blame. Really, they are in a delicate position. 
Church programs are full, and any given committee may 
feel a bit timid about asking the pastor or the Sunday- 
school superintendent for time, especially if the committee 
is not just sure of its program and has gotten no invita- 
tion to present its work. Then, on the other hand, there is 
the case of the over-zealous committee that may tire 
people with too long or with a poorly-prepared program. 
All of which 'is simply an indication that many local mis- 
sionary committees are not functioning as they ought, be- 
cause, like the idle laborers in the market place, no man 
hath hired them. T,his situation can be very largely 
remedied if pastors and Sunday-school superintendents 
will invite committees to act and help to plan a program 
on which both can cooperate. Thus, amongst other things, 
one pastor is asking his missionary committee to have 
charge of the special monthly missionary offering. Spe- 
cifically the missionary committee is to see that the offer- 
ing is properly announced; to provide envelopes and dis- 
tribute the Mission Fact Series of leaflets: and to take 
charge of the lifting of the special monthly missionary of- 
fering. Thus the way has opened for this local missionary 
committee to function in a natural and helpful way. We 
believe that other pastors and elders may find in the 
church junk garden many perfectly good committees just 
waiting to b"c oiled and put to use. At any rate it would 
be a good thing to see what is available. 
♦ ' * ♦ * 
In the " Messenger " Twenty Years Ago 

The First Brethren Church of Philadelphia was dedicated 
Jan. 1, Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh preaching The dedication 
sermon. In the evening Bro. I. H. N. Beahm preached. 
Five persons applied for membership and" were baptized. 
Bro. James M. Neff, of Kansas City, Kans., writes us 
that he has not been in good health for some weeks, 
and is just now recovering from an attack of la grippe. 
He is thoroughly interested in his city charge, but finds 
that the northern climate is very hard on him. We 
should regret to hear of him leaving the field where 
he is so much needed. 

Bro. H. J. Herren, of Watson, Mo., is a very careful 
reader of the " Messenger." He has kept a record of all 
the baptisms, deaths, etc., reported in our columns during 
the year 1904 and says there were 4,148 baptized, 260 ap- 
plicants whose baptism was not reported, 226 reclaimed, 91 
marriages and 1,029 deaths of members. Of those not 
members, 138 deaths_ were reported. 

One of our earnest readers thinks that our ministers do 
not preach enough on the temperance question. She is 
probably correct. There is no greater evil in this country, 
and yet we are not throwng our influence against it as 
we should. The Bible contains an abundance of evidence 
against the use of intoxicants, enough to supply a min- 
ister with material for a half dozen sermons. 

When a woman writes a publishing house she should 
invariably sign her given name, and not her initials only, 
to her communications. Mary A. Jones should never 
write "M. A. Jones." She may say "Mrs: M. A. Jones," 
or "Miss M. A. Jones." It would be even better for her 
to write " Mrs. Mary A. Jones." When the initials alone - 
are given the publishers do not know whether to address 
the writer as a man or a woman. Sister M. A. Jones 
may write the editor about something requiring editorial 
mention. He would like to say that " Sister M. A. Jones " 
says thus and so, but he does not know whether the 
writer is a sister or a brother. So he is puzzled and does 
not know what to say. But he has one rule to help him 
out, and that is to regard every correspondent as a man 
unless there is satisfactory evidence to the contrary. Fol- 
lowing this rule some of our sisters need not think strange 
of it when we now and then attach "Bro." instead of 
"Sister" to their names. They mus^ blame themselves for 
not making the distinction when signing their communi- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 



Of Interest to Friends of Animals 
From Paris there comes a bit of news that will be most 
welcome to all friends of our dumb animals— especially 
to those opposing vivisection. This item of news is to 
the effect that the motion picture may in most cases be 
made to make one vivisection do the work hitherto done 
by 1,000. The experiment in filming a vivisection was 
made in accordance with the wishes of the city council 
of Paris, which voted a credit for the experiment in the 
'hope that a way would be found to save the lives of many 
■animals. In the case cited a dog was vivisected exactly 
as it is ordinarily done while the supervising professor 
•explained the operation and the function of the organs. 
Meanwhile moving pictures were taken. Later the films 
were shown before eminent physiologists and all agreed 
that the motion pictures admirably took the place of an 
actual operation. It now looks as though with few excep- 
tions films may be used for all types of vivisections. In 
so far as this is possible it will only be necessary to use 
animals when it is desired to make a film. It is in this 
way that one animal will be required where it took per- 
haps a thousand before. 

What Papers Tell 

In a comment upon the influence of the newspapers 
an editor says that newspapers are the best advertisement 
a city has in the outside world. That is, towns are judged 
by their newspapers. Thus the success or failure of a 
newspaper is not purely a matter of individual interests, 
it is a matter of grave concern to the whole town. Now 
the children of this world are wise in their generation 
and there is a principle involved in this comment upon 
the wider influence of newspapers that is worthy of con- 
sideration. If newspapers disclose the spirit of a town 
or community what shall we say of the church paper? 
It is all too true that the church paper is just about what 
its constituency make it. Thus, the church paper may 
present the spirit and aims of the denomination in an 
attractive and beautiful way, or it may parade matters 
that make the cause repugnant to those who might other- 
wise be interested. People usually make some special 
effort to be on good behavior when company is present. 
How much more important is it to present one's thought 
and spirit at its best before the world and when the good 
name of a whole denomination is involved! We should 
continually study to make our church paper a worthy 
exponent of the name and traditions of our church. 

The Dollar Slipping 

The dollar, that illusive factor in modern life that so 
many are chasing, is slipping again. In terms of the 
wholesale prices of 200 representative commodities the 
purchasing power of a dollar was recently stated as 63.8 
cents, compared with what it would have bought in 1913. 
This means that it now takes about $1.57 to buy as much 
as P 'did in 1913. This last spell of slipping on the part 
*of H*e dollar began in August. 

Changing Names 

Three hundred years ago, or in 1624, the town of Oslo 
was burned. On its site Christian IV, King of Norway 
and Denmark, built Christiania the present capital of Nor- 
way and a city of about 300,000. However, beginning 
with January 1 oi this year the present name will be 
replaced by the old name of Oslo, the ancient name by 
which the city was known for about 600 years. This 
change is due to a quickening of the spirit of nationalism 
that has been rising in Norway 'for a hundred years, but 
especially during the past generation. 

The Latest in Names 

Fathers and mothers who are looking for the latest in 
names should find enlivening suggestions in the following 
paragraph clipped from " The United Presbyterian ": 
" Looking over the indexes of birth in the State Depart- 
ment of Health, Albany, N. Y., the clerks come across 
some peculiar names. Some striking combinations are to 
be found in the lists. About 200,000 new names are filed 

Miser, and his daughter Prudence Miser. Practically 
every congregation also has in its membership Hardy 
I'ltts and Anna Staggers. Will Leak is an old friend to 
many, and Easter Dye is to be found in the basement of 
many homes on blue Monday. Carrie Corsett ami Styles 
Rising generally come into church late and sit in the front 
pew Billy Bowels is a boy in the Sabbath school who 
is always hungry." 

Curbing the Auto Death Toll 

The National Conference on Street and Highway Safety 
closed recently with certain specific recommendations for 
reducing the auto death toll. •• Outstanding among the 
recommendations are resolutions calling for elimination 
of all billboard advertising at highway crossroads, licens- 
ing of all drivers, elimination of drunken and reckless 
drivers by revocation of licenses, eventual elimination of 
the railroad grade crossing, immediate State legislation 
compelling all motorists to come to a halt before cross- 
ing certain railroad crossings, and safety education in the 
schools." The recommendations do not call for action by 
the federal government. They have been framed rather 
to guide State legislatures, municipal and State authorities, 
and various civic organizations. 

Hoover's Ideas About the Radio 

Amongst the many problems facing the radio industry 
Secretary Hoover thinks that the improvement of the 
broadcast programs stands first. Regulation of the in- 
dustry is another crying need, but at the present time it 
is not clear just how a system of regulation can be 
worked out, especially if it should involve any tax or 
licensing features. Secretary Hoover therefore thinks 
it wiser to begin with the improvement of radio programs 
because "the radio industry can not live on an endless 
diet of jazz." Radio must render some fundamental serv- 
ice; it must have intrinsic merit. To do this is beyond the 
ability of the local broadcasting stations and the programs 
that directors of these may be able to drum up. A con- 
tinued interest he thinks can only be maintained as the 
greatest entertainment, music and enlightenment which 
the nation and the world affords can be made generally 
available. What this involves Mr. Hoover states as fol- 
lows: "This means organization of a system of 
national broadcasting, the interconnection of stations, re- 
broadcasting by one method or another. That this is pos- 
sible has already been proved. The next step is to make it 
a daily reality, and that step is the one I hope to see 
taken at the earliest moment possible." 

What to Plant 

It is the time of year when farmers and orchardisis in 
many parts of the country are wrestling with the problem 
of what to plant. Of course, in many cases the die has 
already been cast. Fall wheat was sown in its proper 
season and in the milder fruit growing sections of the 
west the wise orchardist is getting his new trees into the 
ground. This does not apply to citrus trees since the 
best time to plant them is when every condition is favor- 
able to immediate growth. But in spite of exceplions, 
January is a time to think of what to plant. In answer 
to this important question two apparently opposing an- 
swers are being given. In the middle west great stress 
is being put upon diversification. By no means should 
the farmer have all of his eggs in one basket; he should 
raise several things, and if possible, be prepared to feed 
some of the products that he grows, ft is figured that 
every reasonable diversification, even to change in form, 
gives the farmer another chance to meet the market in 
its most favorable mood. However, it is of interest to 
note that in some far western farmers' papers seemingly 
the very opposite answer is being given to the question 
of what to plant. Here the word is being passed that 
the rancher, and particularly the fruit grower, should 
specialize. He should plant the crop for which his soil 
and other productive factors are especially adapted. In 
the west the answer given to the farmer is against diver- 
sification and in favor of specialization. And here again 
the arguments seem convincing. In the long run, it is 
reasoned, a rancher will make the most if he raises the 
special crop for which his ranch is best . adapted. For 
example, if he lives in Sutter County, California, he will 
continue to plant peaches, even though current general 


SiiEeerjUonB for the Weekly Devotional Haetlnv Or i 
Pi-aycrful, 4'rlvate Meditation. 


■" s cem unfavorable, for Sutter County presents 
there each year. Here are a few of the odd ones that conditions especially favorable to the production of can 
were picked up at random: Charity Weaver, Rush Coffin. ning peaches. This is 

An Evening Prayer 

Psalm 4 

For Week Beginning January 18, 1925 
AN APPEAL TO GOD. V. 1. " O God of my righteous- 
ness, ,. e.. the Author of it. If the starry heavens, a 
sunset or a flower be the work of God, how much more 
the hunger and thirst after righteousness" within the 
human breast. If righteousness is the work of God will 
he not witness to his work within me by answering when 
1 call? Will he not supply the hunger which his own 
workmanship has created? 
"Tnou hast enlarged me when I was in distress" 
fast blessings are a pledge of future mercies." You 
represent too much of his love and care and suffering to 
be lightly cast aside. He will finish what he has begun I 
A half-built tower is the work of man. not God (1 Thess 
5: 24; Philpp. 1 : 6). 

Thus both introspection and retrospection deepen Da- 
vids assurance that God will hear him. 

he whose heart and lips have been upraised to God (v 
1), may take it upon himself to deal with the faults of 
"the sons of men." See Matt. 11: 20-30; 2i: 1-39. Note 
that these burning words of condemnation are very close- 
ly associated with the gracious words of love. "I thank 
thee, Father." ..." Come unto me, 
■ ■ . " "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 

"How long will ye turn my glory into shame? " They 
make fun of David's trust in the Lord. Scorn is the 
weapon of worthlessncss. It preys upon ignorance and 
fear. Its methods are pretense and falsehood (v. 2b). 

(1) "Know ye" (v. 3). His city of refuge in the face 
of this opposition is, "The Lord hath set apart him that 
is godly for himself." The Hebrew word, godly, describes 
one who, (a) has obtained mercy and, (b) is merciful. 
Such a one knows that he is the Lord's 
Give yourself to be the channel of 
the conviction of God's ownership 
rich within you. 

all ye that labor. 


divine mercy, and 
grow deep and 

(2) " Stand in awe." How innumerable are the wonders 
which beset us all about I Yet how few take off their 
shoes I We have been so bent on coining our knowledge 
into comforts and pleasures that we have missed its most 
wholesome fruit— reverence. 

(3) "Sin not." In counseling the "sons of men" 
David has declared a great truth (v. 3), and commanded 
reverence: "Stand in awe." Now he enjoins moral rec- 
titude, "Sin not." The truth will do its work in him 
who is morally right, but wilful sin steels the life against 

(4) Let it soak in 1 "Commune with your own heart 
upon your bed and be still." Those thoughts which you 
take into the twilight borderlands of sleep sink deep 
and color your whole life. " In my dreams I'd be nearer, 
my God, to thee." I would keep "my waking thoughts 
bright with thy praise." 

(5) " Offer the sacrifices of righteousness and put your 
trust in the Lord." " Here are the two aspects of true 
religion, which outwardly is worship and inwardly is 


Vs. 6-8. " Many there be who say. Who will show us 
any good?" This is the wail of unbelief which you 
hear in times of adversity. But notice, the psalmist does 
not pray for a return of prosperity. Those who rave 
against God in adversity, simply ignore him in better 
times. The result is the same at all times: they are 
godless. Prosperity will not restore the faith which has 
been shaken by adversity. Only one thing can do that: 
" The light of the countenance of God " shining in our 
The " light of his countenance " has two results in us, 

(1) gladness exceeding all delights of earth (v. 7), and, 

(2) security which needs no carnal defense Cv. 8). 

R. H. M. 

Billy Bowels, May Paye, Desire Parrott, Welcome Bacon, 
Hardy Fitts, Styles Rising, Will Leak, Carrie Corsett, 
Ward Fellows Mix, Rose Picker, Etta Appel, Easter Dye 
(Negress), Prudence Miser (daughter of Prosper Miser), 
Placido Mule, Iris Blueeye (Indian), Fuller Soper, Wel- 
con. J3ass, Anna Staggers, Ernest Kiss, Mary Swan 
White, Eva May Le Go, Memorial May Armstrong (born 
May 30). Many grocerymen are well acquainted with May 
Paye, and we presume that Welcome Bacon is related to 
Mr. Bring Home The Bacon. Welcome Bass would appeal 
to fishermen, and Placido Mule to all teamsters. All 

advocated on the principle that in 
the long run districts less suited to peach growing will 
shift to the crops for which they are particularly adapted, 
thus ultimately clearing the market for ranchers in the 
favored district. Then, too, much specialization favors 
efficiency in cultural methods, packing and selling. And 
these are important points when the ultimate consumer 
may live thousands of miles away. But the conflict be- 
tween these two extreme answers is more apparent than 
real. The broad middle west has a geographic sameness 
that makes for a few specialties over a tremendous area. 
There is such a broad i 

, ■■*" natural tendency to grains and stock 

enurch treasurers have known for a long tune Prosper that nature's hint must be modified in the direction of 

diversification. On the other hand, geographic conditions 
in the far west favor diversity. Here the rancher is 
tempted to raise a little of everything and nothing at its 
best. Hence, in the west nature's hint must be corrected 
in the direction of specialization. A second explanatory 
factor lies in the character of the crops raised. The 
farmer in the cast raises annuals like corn, wheat and 
oats, He has an option every year as to what he will 
plant, The rancher who plants an orchard must figure 
ahead for a generation. Hence, to him, long run condi- 
tions have a special significance. Thus, contradictory an- 
swers to the question of what to plant are reconciled by 
taking ipto account geographic and crop difference factors. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 

The Problem of Emphasis 

(Continued Irom Page 19) 

and missions — as in harmony with his will. I know 
that millions of people are m darkness; I know that 
there are human prohlems on every hand that would 
be solved if men knew Christ and obeyed him. I do 
the things I know. I emphasize the work of evangel- 
ism, Christian education, missions. I do not deny 
other things about which I do not know as much as 
others profess to know. 1 emphasize what I do know 
as vital, essential, and well pleasing to him. J am 
sustained by a hope of the future. It is a matter of 
faith, resting in a good, holy Father, who has not 
revealed to me all the mysteries of the future. I try 
to loyally emphasize the things that are clear to me, 
that I am absolutely sure Christ emphasized, as well 
as the greatest of his disciples since his day. 

I believe in the symbols of the church. I am ab- 
solutely orthodox, as far as I know, on our cherished 
symbols — baptism, feet-washing, the Lord's supper, 
the broken bread, the cup, the anointing, etc. These 
symbols are, to me, the language of the Spirit, the 
means of grace, the way into a richer, closer fellow- 
ship with my Lord. I believe they were given for 
a purpose. Each of them has a purpose. They all 
signify some spiritunl grace which we need in our 
lives to meet the ideal of the true Christian. But 
here, too, I find a difference of emphasis. Some 
emphasize the legal side. They are commanded, hence 
they should be performed with pha'risaic exactness, 
so as to keep the law. Those who do not keep the 
law are condemned. We keep it, therefore, thank 
God, we are peculiar, not as other men, but safe — 
for we have kept the letter of the law. I like to 
emphasize the spirit, the vital meaning of these sym- 
bols. When we eat together we should actually 
achieve brotherhood. When we drink from the cup 
we should have a new oneness with God, through 
the blood covenant. When we wash our brother's 
feet we should arise, not with pride, saying, " I have 
.kept the law," but with a new spirit of humility and 
desire for serving our fellow-men instead of lording 
it over them. Where shall the emphasis be placed ? 
" The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life." Did 
not Jesus always emphasize the spirit, the moral, the 
vital, as against the merely literal and formal? This 
question can only be answered in one way. The 
formal was recognized and used, as a help, as a means 
to the end of the spiritual life. Perhaps a study of 
emphasis will show that we are much alike in our 
common creed, but differ in the things we deem most 
vital to the Christian life. The real problem is — 
What did Jesus emphasize? 

McPherson, Kans. 

The Spirit of Brotherhood 


Yesterday I enjoyed a rather extended conversa- 
tion with an exceptionally well-educated and fair- 
minded Catholic priest. The problems we discussed 
concerned politics, education, the Ku Klux Klan, The 
Menace and The Yellow Jacket, the infallibility of the 
Pope, the possibility of a religious war between Cath- 
olics and Protestants, the possibility of a union of 
these two branches of the Christian church in the 
future, church authority and government, church his- 
tory, etc. We agreed that love to God and fellow-men 
was the essence of Christianity; that Catholics and 
Protestants must alike stand or fall on that platform. 
His offered hospitality will be accepted again, I think. 
While we disagreed on a few matters, they were in- 
significant as compared to the one great doctrine which 
we both considered paramount: " God is love." I left 
with a renewed faith that this was the master key 
which will unlock every door of ignorance and doubt 
between us and truth. 

Before entering one of the schools from which I 
later graduated, friends had warned me that freedom 
of thought would be dangerous there; that I must 
accept the theories taught and ask no questions in 
order to avoid trouble. Accordingly, I took the 

trouble to inform myself very thoroughly upon several 
disputed questions, intending to prove by argument . 
that my position was right. Only on one occasion 
after enrolling there, had I any opportunity to use 
this information. Instead of finding a spirit of harsh 
criticism, I found in the main a fine spirit of brother- 
hood, cooperation and good will. To use popular 
phraseology, I melted. Antagonism might have driven 
me away from religious work or given me a pug- 
nacious attitude toward the church doctrines ; broth- 
erly love cultivated an attitude of friendship toward 

Kindergarten teachers and nurses say that brown, 
yellow, black, red, and white babies will play together 
without thought of racial prejudice. Only as age 
brings selfish, worldly ideas, does the race problem 
assert itself. If this spirit of 1 Cor. 13 could exist 
among older folks, all perplexing problems might 
be solved. Some men are old at tweYity-five ; others 
are young at seventy-five. These latter possess a 
sympathetic spirit-of brotherhood. 

As we develop this spirit our theological problems 
will vanish. Religion is as different from theology 
as a cake from the recipe by which it is made. 
Physical hunger is satisfied by the cake, not the recipe; 
just so, spiritual hunger is satisfied by religion and not 
by theology. As the recipe is necessary in making 
a cake, so theology is needed in understanding re- 
ligion; it is a means to an end; the end is Christ's 
religion of brotherhood. We are not progressive 
simply because we believe or do not believe as other 
folks; for, "If I have the gift of prophecy, and know 
all mysteries and all knowledge, . . . but have not 
love, I am nothing." We do need theological truth. 
We are standing in a little circle of light; as we ad- 
vance in the pursuit of truth into the darkness of 
ignorance and superstition, we will each leave the 
circle at different points; and hence our discoveries 
will not be the same. All of these will be valuable, 
however, and we should be tolerant with the other 
fellow's findings. That tolerance will be a matter 
of love, or the spirit of brotherhood. As her name 
suggests, the Church of the Brethren has emphasized 
this spirit; wherever the present writer has found 
Brethren people this Jias been noticeable, and it is 
his opinion that in stressing this spirit she can make 
the greatest contribution to the world of today. 

Problems which arise in social groups will melt 
before this spirit like frost before a noonday sun. 
Domestic, ecclesiastical, industrial, and political diffi- 
culties gradually perish in an atmosphere of brother- 
hood. The question of war or peace goes much deep- 
er than international relations. Democracy and co- 
operation must exist in the home before it can operate 
elsewhere. I sometimes wonder if, after all, there 
is so very much more war in the world at large than 
in the Christian church; until Christians the world 
over can work together peaceably, we shall not have 
international peace. "Love vaunteth not itself, is not 
puffed up, . . . seeketh not its own." That is, 
love is not selfish. Individual and group selfishness 
is the cause of all strife. If the white race continues 
killing its members in wars, the yellow, black or 
brown race will become the leading world power. 
Whatever people develops most fully the spirit of 
brotherhood will bring " Peace on earth, good will 
to men," and, incidentally, personal salvation. Em- 
pires, estates, and religions without number have risen 
and fallen which were based upon selfishness; unselfish 
brotherhood has endured, and forms the heart of 
Christ's religion. 

Problems arising between youth and age will also 
be obliterated by this life-giving spirit of brotherhood. 
Youth should remember that " love doth not behave 
itself unseemly," and age that " love is not glad when 
others go wrong," but bears, believes, hopes and en- 
dures all things. The flapper and her grandmother 
have very different ideas, yet with love they live to- 
gether in harmony. Older folks and younger folks 
will learn to understand and appreciate each other 
"when love shines in." .Youth should be encouraged 
to work out new plans in church work; the advice 

of age should be reverently respected. Robert Wilder 
says the young people of the Church of the Brethren 
lead in consecration ; and we need but read the obitu- 
aries in the Messenger to discover the consecration 
of our older folks. Ruth Kulp's death and the sick- 
ness of returned missionaries bear eloquent testimony 
to the sacrifice made by youth and age on the mission 
field. When we go into an art gallery we give the 
paintings the advantage of the best light possible by 
shifting positions; should we not be as charitable with 
human brethren and sisters? 

Finally, " love never faileth." It is not the letter of 
theology, but the brotherly spirit of religion that will 
give life more abundantly in the solution of our 
problems. Love is hopeful. Shall not each of us 
strive to live with a spirit of brotherhood, and thus 
do our share in bringing about world peace and 
brotherhood? "Every man's soul is a kingdom, and 
he who rules that kingdom well is a king, whether 
crowned or uncrowned." 

Cambridge, Nebr. , m 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 

(Continued from Page 22) 

that concerns us here. And since the Lord's Prayer 
as recorded in Matthew has been fully discussed 
elsewhere, we shall confine ourselves to the parable. 

(2) The Parable. A certain man received a vi§it 
from a friend who lived far away. Being somewhat 
unprepared for company, he went at midnight to a 
neighboring friend to borrow -three loaves of bread. 
Having knocked on the door, and having received an 
answer, he made his wants known. The friend from 
within replied : " Trouble me not ! The door is shut, 
and we are all tucked in bed. I can't get up [but he 
could and did]. Good night!" But his efforts to 
sleep were in vain. . The friend at the door didn't 
leave at the bidding, " Good night." He knocked again 
and again, ignoring each time " Good night, be gone ! " 
We can hear the man in bed say : " Children, if we 
want to get any sleep tonight, we must get rid of 
that fellow at the door. I'll get up and give him the 
bread." This is the scene of verses 5-7. 

Why He Arose. In verse 8 Jesus tells why the 
man got up. He didn't get up because he was the 
petitioner's friend. He got up because of the impu- 
dence of the man at the door, which became a matter 
of annoyance until it was impossible to sleep. The 
man at the door had some "brass." The word for 
"importunity" is anaideia (used only "here in the 
New Testament) and means " shamelessness, impu- 
dence." — Thayer. It was no embarrassment to the 
man at the door to persist in his entreaties. 

In verses 9 and 10, we have the application in what 
may be called a Hebrew triplet—a parallelism in form. 
Perhaps it is more correct to say that the expression 
received its form from the situation of the man in 
need of bread. He sought it, he asked for it, he 
knocked at the door. His own actions supply all the 
verbs used by Jesus in the application. 

Literally the verses read as follows: "Be ye ask- 
ing, and it shall be given to you; be ye seeking, and 
you shall find ; be ye knocking, and it shall be opened 
unto you, for every one asking, is receiving; and the 
one seeking is finding ; and to the one knocking it 
shall be opened." " Be asking," "be seeking," and "be 
knocking " in verse 9, are all in the present impera- 
tive mood, and this means continued action. Ask 
continuously, seek continuously, and knock continu- 
ously. The promise of answered prayer here, then, 
is not for once asking. And in verse 10, asking, 
seeking, and knocking are present participles of pro- 
gressive action, identical, doubtless, with the action of 
the present imperatives of verse 9. It appeals to us 
that we get a great deal of light from the significance 
of the moods and tenses in these two verses. For 
was there not continued action by the friend at the 
door that night? The relationship between him and 
the disciples is obvious. 

The Expressed Likeness. Before speaking of the 
likeness or comparison, it will be necessary to state 

a few facts about parables and their interpretation 
since we have met for the first time Jesus teaching 
prayer by parable. (1) The word parable means: 
Placing by the side of: para, beside; and ballo, to 
place. " Metaphorically : a comparing, a comparison 

of one thing with another, likeness, similitude." 

Thayer. (2) Two things to. remember: first, there 
is an expressed likeness between two things. Second, 
we must determine what that likeness is. The differ- 
ence between a parable and a simile is that in the 
parable the comparison is extended or prolonged. 

Relative to our study : Obviously the expressed like- 
ness is -between the friend at the door and the disciples. 
And the likeness is: Ask and you will get what you 

JUst as the friend at the door received because he 
asked again and again, so the disciples will receive 
if they will continue to ask. They will get an answer. 
Verse ten says so. The man at the door was answered, 
and prayer will be answered. 

What about the man in bed? He drops out. 
There is no expressed likeness here between the 
friend in bed and God. That man would poorly repre- 
sent God. If God were like him, in supplying a 
need, what kind of a God would we have? This is 
not the point now. Nevertheless, Jesus teaches them 
something about God, and to do this he introduces 
a new character, namely a father, verse 11. 

In verses 11-13 we have the second phase of the 
parable. Verses 5-10 may be considered as the human 
phase, or the viewpoint from man's side ; while verses 
11-13 portray the divine phase, or viewpoint from 
God's side. The two phases complement each other. 
The former has to do with man and his praying, the 
latter has to do with God and his giving. The sec- 
ond phase, like the first, is parabolic. The expressed 
likeness here is between the earthly father and the 
heavenly Father. The likeness is in knowing how 
to give needed gifts to children when asked. 

Just as the earthly father, though evil, knows how 
to give good gifts to his children when asked (13a), 
so does the heavenly Father, being good, know how 
to give the Holy Spirit to his children when asked, 
13b. And because he is good, he knows "how much 
more." There should be no doubt about the Father's 
giving. How much better the father represents God 
than the man in bed! 

Summarizing, we have the following : ( 1 ) We have 
an expressed likeness between the disciples and the 
friend at the door. (2) There is an expressed like- 
ness between the earthly father and the heavenly 
Father. The former teaches praying for the Holy 
Spirit on the part of man till the answer comes. The 
latter illustrates the giving of the Holy Spirit on 
the part of God. 

The Holy Spirit, the Needed Gift. But what has 
the Holy Spirit to do with the disciples' request that 
Jesus teach them to pray? This is the key to the 
whole matter. We shall try to set it forth. 

Verse 13 speaks of " good gifts to your children." 
The Holy Spirit is a gift. " And ye shall receive the 
gift of the Holy Spirit." They are to ask for the 
Holy Spirit, and they will get him. That was their 
need. They wanted to know or be taught how to 
pray. Why does Jesus bring in the Holy Spirit in 
his answer to their request on prayer? Has the Holy 
Spirit a relation to prayer? 

We are now at the heart of the whole matter. 
Paul, in a prayer context in Rom. 8: 26, 27, gives us 
a helpful commentary on the Holy Spirit being men- 
tioned in this parable. He says : " The Spirit helpeth 
our infirmity : for we know not how to pray as we 
ought." The weakness or infirmity is a prayer weak- 
ness — and not weak ankles. The disciples had it as 
was evidenced by their request, " Lord, teach us to 
pray." The Spirit makes intercession for us, verse 26. 
And Jesus knows what is the mind of the Spirit, be- 
cause he also maketh intercession for us, verse 27. 
Here is our relation to the whole Trinity in prayer. 
At the other end of the prayer line is God the Father; 
at this end of the line we are. Between us and God 
are two intercessors — Jesus (Rom. 8: 27, 34; Heb. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 

7: 25) and the Holy Spirit, Rom. 8: 26. Two in 
heaven: God and Jesus; and two on earth: we and 
the Holy Spirit. And so we generally pray to God, 
through Jesus, in the Spirit. This is the exact for- 
mula in Eph. 2: 18. So we understand why we say, 
when we close our prayers, " This we ask in Jesus' 
name," and why we count on the Spirit to lead us 
out in prayer to God. What a wonderful arrangement 
the Triune God has in subjecting himself to us for 
communion ! 

The force of the Spirit's help in prayer is beautifully 
shown in the root meaning of the word "help," in 
" the Spirit helpeth our infirmity." Help, from sun- 
antilambano. Sun, with; anti, opposite; lambano, to 
take hold. The word in this form is used only here 
and in Luke 10 : 40. The Holy Spirit with me, and 
in an opposite position, takes hold, and we two to- 
gether do what I could not do myself. It is a picture 
of two persons carrying an object which is too much 
for one person to carry. How suggestive! It illus- 
trates the Holy Spirit's place in prayer. 

We believe that there is more real doctrine and 
philosophy of prayer taught in this parable, together 
with Paul's words from Romans, than anywhere else 
in the Bible. Paul helps us to see why Jesus tells the 
disciples to ask for the Holy Spirit. 

In conclusion we note, then, that Jesus, in com- 
pliance with their request to be taught to pray, first 
gave them a little model prayer; and second, he told 
them to ask for the Holy Spirit.. Then the prayer 
problem would be solved. Above all things get the 
Holy Spirit. If we have the Holy Spirit to teach 
us and to help us in our praying, we shall care very 
little for printed or written prayers. Lean upon the 
Spirit, he will lead you out in your thoughts and ex- 
pressions. Jesus desires that prayer, like fasting, 
should be in Spirit-spontaneity. 

New Windsor, Md. 

Religion as Umbrella or as Magnet? 


Robert Burdette, the great humorist and preacher, 
when asked what was the most humorous happening 
that ever came to his notice related an incident which 
involved a man, a cow and an umbrella. A man was 
leading a cow by the side of a pond, holding an 
umbrella over his head at the same time as the rain 
was falling fast. Something frightened the cow and 
she plunged into the millpond, dragging the man with 
her. There the man stood, in water waist deep, still 
carefully holding the umbrella over his head to avoid 
getting wet ! 

Had the man stopped to think he would probably 
have closed the umbrella and thus had both hands at 
liberty for his'task of getting that cow back on land 
once more. This was humorous, but how about young 
people who allow themselves to be enticed by Satan 
into the unhealthful waters of doubtful pleasures and 
who think to keep their soul healthy by holding over 
their heads the umbrella of religion? 

In the first place religion was never intended as 
an umbrella to hold over our heads; it was intended 
as a magnet to lift us up on higher ground. Religion 
is not rainy-day insurance, bound to keep us dry. 
-Rather is it assurance — note how often Paul said, " I 
know." For instance, think of these inspiring, mag- 
netic words, with faith pulsing in every syllable : " For 
I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that 
he is able to keep that which I have committed unto 
him against that day." 

Just imagine Satan chuckling as he says : " I am 
getting those young people into all kinds of difficulties; 
getting them into bad company, teaching them gam- 
bling games, teaching them to make more use of their 
heels than their heads, making them careless and ex- 
travagant, and rude in speech and manner." What 
cares he if you hold a Sunday umbrella over your head 
if he can get your feet fast in his week day mire! 

Loyalty to Christ bars out no lawful pleasure. 
Clean sports, outings, the long hikes in the mountains, 
Christ can smile on them all. It is only pleasures 


which come between you and your Savior, and which 
dim your sense of his presence and mar your useful- 
ness—the pleasures that war against the soul life— 
that he would have you cut out as relentlessly as a 
surgeon cuts out a cancer. They are cancers— can- 
cers of the soul! 

If religion is a magnet you cannot but think of 
him who said: "And I, if I be lifted up from the 
earth, will draw all men unto me." You think of 
what will please him; you say: "What would the 
Master do if he were here in my place?" You thus 
have a little of his magnetism, and in that measure 
you are like Jesus. 

Pasadena, Calif. 

Slavery and Freedom 


A visitor to the great British Empire Exhibition 
at Wembly writes of the thrill he experienced when 
he stood, one of a vast multitude, and sang with ex- 
treme fervor : " Britons; never, never, never, shall be 

" As we stood there," he writes, " I could not help 
thinking that there was scarcely one of us who was 
not a slave to one kind of weakness or another." 

When these people sang they were thinking of 
political slavery; of the humiliation and rankling 
sense of injustice often experienced, when one people 
must submit to the rule of another. This is the kind 
of slavery which the Jews of Jesus' time were con- 
stantly protesting against, and from which they hoped 
that the Messiah would deliver them. Jesus told them 
that freedom was of the soul and so also was slavery. 
"Everyone that committeth sin," he said, "is the 
bondservant of sin." A man in prison may have a 
freedom of mind and soul which others, not so con- 
fined, know nothing of. A man may be at liberty, 
outwardly, but if his mind is degraded and he lives 
under the domination of evil passions he is a slave 

Charles Lamb, one of the most brilliant essayists 
of his generation, was addicted to alcohol. He be- 
came so completely its slave that he wrote of himself 
as one who had "an open eye and a passive will." 
He felt himself impotent and powerless, yet fully 
conscious of the moral disaster which seemed inevi- 
table. Just as a man who unwittingly takes hold of 
the handles of an electrifying machine and writhes 
in pain and shrieks for deliverance; so Lamb felt 
himself to be a slave to things he hated. 

The true freedom is spiritual. It is deliverance 
from evil. 

" He breaks the power of canceled sin, 
He sets the prisoner free." 

When nations sing of freedom it may be little more 
than an idle boast; but there is a deep sense in which 
followers of Jesus may sing : 

" Christians, never, never, never, shall be slaves." 

Toronto, Canada. 

Your Boy 


I was trimming the bushes near the fence which 
divides our yard from our neighbor's, and my neigh- 
bor's son, a bright little fellow of about four years, 
watched me intently and plied me with questions such 
as : " Who is that woman on your porch ? " " Does 
she have a coat? " " Have you an auto? " 

Then to my surprise an oath came from those tiny 

"Oh!" I said, "you must not say that." He 
looked at me with those innocent blue eyes and re- 
plied, " My daddy says it." 

What then could / say? But before I had time to 
say anything his mother called him. It rang in my 
ears all day, " My daddy says it." What a responsi- 
bility belongs to daddy ! And how the little boys 
everywhere try to imitate daddy ! Daddy will have 
to watch his tongue as well as his step these days. 
How about it, daddy? 

Harrisburg, Pa. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 


Officio] Organ of tin- Church of the Brethren 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager. 16 to 24 S. Slate St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subsc riptions hlty cents extra.) 


H. A. BRANDT. Assistant Editor 

Entered at the Postofficc at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance lor mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
1103. Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Page 20) 


our elder. Bro. Jesse Hctlric is the new member 
terial board; Virginia Htttric. church clerk. Bro. Guy Kcltner was 
reelected on the hoard of trustees. We decided to secure an 
evangelist lo conduct .1 scries nl meetings to he held in August. 
Wc were privileged a few Sundays ago to have Bro. M. W. Em- 
mert, ..I Mt. Morris College, with us. He delivered inspiring mes- 
sages both morning and evening. The Sunday-school rendered a 
program on Christmas eve which was enjoyed by all. The mem- 
bers gave the pastor and family, Bro. Stem, a variety of things 
such as flour, sugar and other groceries.— Minnie Kuhteman, Pearl 
City, III., Dec. 26. 


Beech Grove church met in council Dec. 6. with Bro. A. B. Roof 
presiding. Bro. Roof was reelected rider for another year and Sister 
Hatlie Shull, Sunday-school superintendent. Thanksgiving we had 
an all-day meeting. Wc had with us Bro. A. B. Roof and Bro. 
Clarence Hoover, of Anderson, the latter delivering the sermon 
which was appreciated by all. Wc also had a basket dinner at 
the noon hour which wc enjoyed together,— Mrs. Emma L. Foust, 
Pendleton, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Goshen (West Side).— The church here assembled in special coun 
cil Dec. 26 for the purpose of electing church officers for 1925. 
Eld M D. Stutsman presided. One letter was received and three 
were granted. Eld. John Markley assisted in the work. Officers 
arc elder, Bro. Hiram Roose; clerk, Foster Bcrkey; " Messenger " 
agent Bro. Ralph Swihart; the writer, correspondent. Quite a 
number of other officers were elected also. Dec. 14 we enjoyed 
a most excellent address on the second coming of Christ by Sister 
Bertha Ncher, of Warsaw, Ind. During Yuletide four of our Sun- 
day-school classes remembered the sick, needy, shut-ins and aged 
with fruit, nuts, candies and popcorn. Including the inmates at 
the county infirmary nearly 100 were made happy. Baskets of 
provisions were sent to the more needy, and blooming plants to 
the sick. The remodeling of our church is nearly completed and 
WC are looking forward to Jan. S when Eld. Ira Long, of Colfax, 
Ind.. will be with us in a revival.— Mrs. Osic G. Brumbaugh, Goshen, 
Ind., Dec. 26. 

Kokomo.— Dec. 15 our church met for reorganization for the 
coming vear. All church, Sunday-school and Christian Worker 
officers were chosen. One sister who had left the church was 
reinstated at this meeting. Her husband was baptized last Sun- 
day afternoon. In the evening the primary department rendered 
an interesting Christmas program.— Amanda Miller, Kokomo, Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Markic church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. D. W. Paul pre- 
siding. The borne ministers arc to have charge of the preach- 
ing for the coming year. Eld. D. W. Paul was chosen elder for 
another year; Bro. Wallace Heaston, Sunday-school superintendent. 
Dec. 4 and 5 five young brethren and sisters of Manchester College 
gave us two splendid programs and also a fine sermon on Sunday 
morning. We are always glad for these visits of our young people 
and their splendid work— Flora E. Funderhurg, Roanoke, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Noblesville.— Wc were pleased to have with us Bro. C. O. Miller, 
of Chicago University. He gave us a good talk this morning and 
also a sermon Christmas evening. Wc will have two sermons by 
Bro. G. W. Halm, of Indianapolis, on the first and, third Sundays of 
each month, and Bro. John Alldredgc, of Anderson, will be with 
us each fourth Sunday.— Jessie Bailiff. Noblesville, Ind.. Dec. 28. 

Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. M. I. Whitmer 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Bro. Frank Cupel, elder; Sunday-school superintendent, Harmon 
Summers; " Messenger " agent, Richard Whitmer; clerk, the writer. 
Dec. 16 at a special meeting it was decided to remodel our church 

pointed. Nov. 30 Brethren JL A. Claybaugh and J. Kesler were 
called here to advance Bro. Claude UUcry to the eldership and Bro. 
Harmon Summers to the ministry. Dec. 6 a program was given 
at the church by the Mission Band of Bethany Bible School.— Harry 
Miller. North Liberty, Ind.. Dec. 27. 

Pipe Creek church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. W. C. 
Stinebaugh presiding. Church officers were elected for 1925, with 
Bro. W. C. Stinebaugh, elder; Bro. R. N. Clingcnpeel, Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. T. A. Shively and wife were installed into 
the full ministry. It was decided to support a missionary foi 
another term of five years. This church will invite the Summer 
Assembly for 1925. It was decided to take a free will offering 
for raising our local and District funds. Seven letters were granted. 
Visiting elders were Brethren Frank Fisher, Perry Coblentz and Edw. 
Kintner.— Dorothy F. Wissinger. Peru, Ind.. Dec. 29. 

Plymouth.— Oct. 26 we were glad to have with us in the morn- 
ing service Bro. Perry Coblcntz, of the Santa Fe church. His 
subject, "Needy Humanity at the Threshold of Grace," was well 
delivered and very much appreciated. Nov. S was annual Aid Dav 
when our Aid entertained that of the Walnut church. Dinner was 
served to a large crowd. A splendid program was given in the 
afternoon after which the Friendship Circle was formed and all 
felt that it was good to be there. Nov. 16 Bro. J. Edson Ulery, 
of North Manchester, came to assist us in our revival effort. The 
meetings continued two weeks with good attendance and interest. 
His sermons were very practical and instructive. Sister Mary Shively, 
of Etna Green, led the song service. Her work was very much 
appreciated, giving inspiration to the meeting. Four were received 
into the church by baptism. The graduation exercises for our 
Teacher- training Class were held Nov. 16. Bro. Ulery gave ' the 
address and Mr. W. Allen Goodrich, of the Sunday-school, presented 
the diplomas. Bro. Cecil Reed was teacher of the class and his 
work was very much appreciated, A union Thanksgiving meet- 
ing was held at our church. Bro. Ulery brought the message 
and all the ministers from the different churches had a part in tile 
service, which was well attended. Nov. 30 the Young People's 
Chorus of the First church. South Bend, favored us with a program 
of songs and readings. Dec. 18 the church met in council with 
our pastor, Bro. J. F. Appteman, presiding. Four letters were 
granted and one was received. Church officers were elected as 
follows: Bro. E. W. Price, trustee; Bro. Harry Rohrer, clerk; Bro. 
Cecil Reed, " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent. The 
missionary-temperance committee was reappointed. Bro. H. B. Dickey 
was chosen superintendent of the Sunday-school. A good Christmas 
program was given by our children and young people Dec. 21. An 
installation service was held for the new officers and teachers of 
the Sunday-school at the close of the morning service Dec. 28.— 
Emma E. Foust, Plymouth, Ind.. Dec. 29. 

Salem congregation assembled in council in December, with Eld. 
Clyde Joseph as moderator. Sister Dorothy Joseph was chosen 
clerk; Bro. Cornelius Kaglc, "Messenger" agent; Sister Julia Joseph, 
correspondent; Bro. Joe Goodyear, trustee) Bro. Frank Hoover, Sun- 
day-school superintendent, During the year we granted three letters 

and received eleven; received three by baptism and three were 
reinstated. Bro. John Markley is elder in charge. Bro. Chr. 
Metzler was with us in our Harvest Meeting, delivering two in- 
spiring sermons. Five ministering brethren were with us in our 
love feast, Bro. Claybaugh, of Argos, officiating. A program was 
given at Easter and one at Christmas. The children enjoyed giving 
the program and receiving their treat. The work at this place 
seems to be growing in interest and attendance.— Mrs. Wm. Joseph, 
Culver, Ind.. Dec. 30. 

Union City church met in council Dec. 19 with Eld. Chas. Flory 
presiding. Bro. Flory asked that his resignation as elder be ac- 
cepted and Bro. I. L. Erbaugh was chosen to succeed him. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year, with 
Chas. Stocksdale Sunday-school superintendent and clerk. Bro. 
Erbaugh is to hold our series of meetings possibly in February. 
Our Primary Department gave a Christmas program on Sunday 
morning, and in the evening the young people gave an excellent 
program. They will distribute Christmas baskets to the needy 
and will sing carols. Our church has decided to use the new song 
book, "Hymns of I'raise."-Mrs. Ruth Ruff, Union City, Ind., 
Dec. 23. 

Wabash City church met in council Dec. 2 with Bro. E. O. Norris 
in charge. Officers for the coming year were elected. Dec. 9 
Sister Schultz, of North Manchester, gave the reading " The Sign 
of the Cross." This was the first of a series of readings we plan 
to have and it was very much enjoyed by all.. A white gift 
pageant, " The Shepherds' Vision," was given Dec. 21. The gifts 
were sent to the children at the Mexico Home.— LaDora G. Crull, 
Wabash, Ind.. Dec. 2i. 

White church met in council Dec. 10 with Eld. Ira E. Long 
presiding. Two trustees were elected— Brethren Austin Dunbar 
and Elmer Wall. The Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year with Bro. Forest Groff, superintendent.— J. R. Ret- 
tingcr, Darlington, Ind., Dec. 23. 


Greene -church enjoyed a splendid Christmas program Dec. 21, by 
the primary department of the Sunday-school. The juniors and 
intermediates also gave splendid numbers. The young people's 
class gave a pantomime, beautifully carrying out the Christmas 
spirit. The program was enjoyed by a large, appreciative audience. 
Dec. 28 Bro. Galen Russel, of Kingsley, Iowa, gave us a splendid 
sermon on the subject. "The Birthday of Jesus, the Prince of 
Peace." Our pastor. Bro. Burton, and family, are spending the 
holidays with relatives in Chicago. Dec. 29 the home department 
of our Sunday-school sent $12 to the General Mission Board.— Elsie 
A. Pyle, Greene, Iowa, Dec. 29. 

Monroe County church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. D. H. 
Fouts presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected 
for another year. Bro. D. H. Fouts was chosen elder; Sister Lois 
Wignall, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, church clerk 
and " Messenger " agent. We arc planning on a series of meet 
ings in 1925. Our attendance at church and Sunday-school has been 
good in spite of the cold weather. We certainly appreciate the 
work of our young people.— Mary Henderson, Fredric, Iowa, Dec. 29 

Muscatine.— Under the direction of the associate members of out 
Mission Board the writer recently visited the mission church ai 
Muscatine. Bro. J. G. Rarick has served as pastor since Septcin 
her, and with his companion has won a large place in the hearts 
of these people. We held a business meeting Dec. 13. Two deacons 
were elected but did not feel to accept the charge at present. The 
pastor's new wife was installed into the elder's office with him 
on Sunday morning. A vital need here is improved equipment 
to meet the requirements of the various services. It was a real 
pleasure to minister in spiritual things to these people and we 
bespeak for them a growing future. Special effort is being mad.- 
to enlist the interest of the young people and a hearty response is 
manifest.— A. M. Stine, Adcl, Iowa. Dec. 26. 

Prairie church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. I. W. Brubaker 
in charge. A letter of membership was read. One member was re- 
elected on the ministerial committee. The Sunday-school officers 
were reelected, with Sister Nellie Bowie, superintendent of the main 
school. Merlin Brewer was reelected president of Christian Work 
ers. Sisters Ruth Ulery and Royer, of' Bethany, were with us 
Dec. 25 and gave an inspiring missionary program. We greatly ap- 
preciated having them with us.— Gertrude Dykstra, Prairie City, 
Iowa, Dec. 29. 

South Keokuk.— Our love feast was held Oct. "12 with Bro Will 
Long, of North English, officiating. Oct. 26 Bro. W. R. Shull, of 
Bethany Bible School, came to hold a two weeks' series, of meet- 
ings. S'hcy were well attended and the interest was good. Bro. 
Shull gave us many good things to think about. Our missionary 
offering taken Oct. 19 was $51.11; the Thanksgiving offering for 
home missions, $24.40. Golden Rule Sunday was observed by most 
of our members and an offering of $8.76 was taken. Nov. 23 Bro. 
Jacob Keller, of Leonard, Mo.r gave us a splendid sermon Our 
regular council was held Dec. 13 with Eld. D. F. Shelley in charge. 
Sunday-school officers were elected with Sister Alma Lough super- 
intendent. Five letters were granted. A Christmas program was 
given Sunday evening, Dec. 21— Vera M. Wonderlich, Richland, 
Iowa, Dec. 26. 

Udell.— We held our quarterly council Dec. 6 with Bro. Ogden 
presiding. All church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the year. Five letters were granted. Our finance committee re- 
ports a continuous increase in the budget for a new church build- 
ing. The Sunday-school at this place is alive and active. Bro 
Gusta Ogden will be our superintendent again the coming year. 
Instead of services on Thanksgiving Day we had a sermon on the 
Sunday following and an offering of $20.21 was lifted. Our love 
feast was held Nov. 8.-Ota Tarrence, Udell. Iowa, Dec. 24. " 


Calvary.-At a recent members' meeting the church reorganized 
lor the year; Otho Couts, church clerk; Geo. R. Eller, "Messenger" 
agent; Cardie Birchfield, Sunday-school superintendent; Grace Eller 
Christian Workers' president. There was a large and appreciative 
crowd present at the program rendered Christmas eve. Afterward the 
children were given a treat. About sixty children come to the 
Calvary church for weekly Bible instruction, being dismissed from 
the grade schools for this. Wc have one applicant for baptism. 
The prospect for the Calvary church is very encouraging and 
we expect to move forward in all departments.— Grace Eller Kansas 
City, Kans., Dec. 29. 

Morrill church met in council Dec. 23, with the pastor, W H 
Yodcr, presiding. A full corps of church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' officers were elected for the coming year. Bro 
Lloyd Peck, reelected church clerk and Sunday-school superintendent- 
Prof. A. F. Morris,' president of senior Christian Workers; Mrs W 
H. Yoder, junior; Bro. Jonas Forney. " Messenger " agent ; the 
writer, correspondent. Three church letters were granted. A com- 
mittee has been appointed to secure Dr. D. W. Kurtz for a Bible 
Institute and scries of lectures in October, 1925. An effort is also 
being made to secure a date from Bro. Frantz to give his address 
on Peace. It is expected that Bro. V. C. Finnell will visit Morrill 
on his lecture tour, also that we may have the privilege of having 
with us the McPherson male quartet soon. A large crowd enjoyed 
our Christmas program Dec. 21. Our offering amounted to $1,374.— 
Mrs. Elma Hobbs, Morrill, Kans.. Dec. 28. 

Topeka.-Our church has just closed an evangelistic meeting which 
started Dec. 3, with Brother and Sister Austin, of McPherson. in 
charge. Bro. Austin preached the Word with power and his mes- 
sages were inspiring and uplifting. The music under the direction 
of Sister Austin was very uplifting, and also the stories she told 
to the children each evening. There were eleven accessions for 
which wc are very grateful. We feel there would have been more 
had the weather not turned so cold and stormy which hindered 
many from attending. Our communion services have been post- 
poned until spring.— Mrs. Mary M. Smith, Oakland, Kans., Dec 27 


Brownsville.— Sister Blanche Cook was sent by our Sunday-school. 
and Sister Oneida Campbell, by the church as delegates to the 
Bible Institute at Blue Ridge College. Both gave reports of what 
they heard there. Clothing and toys were sent to the Greene 
County Industrial School before Christmas. Programs were given, 
one here Dec. 23, at West Brownsville the 25th, and at South 
Brownsville the 26th. Special offerings were taken for the Near 
East, amounting to over $30. Our quarterly council was held Dec. 
27. On the Sunday following our Sunday-school officers were elected, 
with Bro. John Jennings, superintendent.— Mrs. Nellie S. Kaetzcl, 
Brownsville, Md., Dee. 29. 


Rodney church met in special members' meeting Dec. 20 and 
installed Bro. C. Loman Patrick and wife into the ministry. Breth- 
ren C. Spencer and H. Stauffer were the presiding elders present. 
Dec. 14 wc organized a Christian Workers' Meeting, with Bro. 
Geo. Jahnzen president. Dec. 14 we used for a topic The Dangers 
of Unbelief, and Dec. 21 we- used the Life of Joseph. Wc will get 
the booklets for the beginning of the new ye*.— W. E. Tombaugh, 
Rodney, Mich., Dec. 22. 

Woodland church enjoyed a splendid sermon on prayer" given by 
Bro. Claude Kantncr Dec. 28, after which a collection of $25.30 was 
taken for home missions. We also decided to send the surplus 
of our Sunday-school co!lections-$50-to the Near East. The Ladies- 
Aid sent quite a few Christmas baskets to the needy of our com- 
munity.— Charles Teeter, Woodland, Mich., Dec. 29. 


Minneapolis.— Oct. 26 was a full day. After the morning sermon, 
which was a discussion of the opportunities of the Church of the 
Brethren in the present world crisis, a basket dinner was served 
in the basement. In the afternoon the annual election of Sunday- 
school and church officers was held. The pastor was chosen elder; 
G. G. Holden, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, publication 
agent. In the evening the pastor gave an illustrated lecture on 
Protestant Missions in South America. Nov. 30 the membership was 
well represented around the Lord's table. A very spiritual meet- 
ing was enjoyed. Dec. 14 a much-appreciated illustrated lecture was 
given, showing how Christian countries celebrate Christmas. The 
annual Aid Society sale was held Dec. 19, the proceeds amount- 
ing to $96. Dec. 21 the Christmas program was given— one of the 
very best we have had. One feature of the program was the 
white gift service. Each Sunday -school class gave an offering 
which was brought forward in an envelope by a representative of 
the class who gave an •ppropriate reading. The gifts amounted to 
$57. Dec. 28 we had with us Brother and Sister S. B. Wenger, 
representing the United Student Volunteers. Their messages were 
appreciated.— Mrs. D. H. Keller, Minneapolis, Minn., Dec. 29. 


Ellison church met Dec. 13 in council, with Eld. Bruce Williams in 
charge. Officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. John 
Deal, elder; Bro. Alfred Berry, clerk; the writer, church correspondent 
and Publishing House agent; trustee for three years, Bro. Joe Burk- 
holdcr; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Harvey Burkholder. Mem- 
bers were chosen on the temperance and missionary committees. We 
find the envelope system very satisfactory in handling the finances. 
Bro. Williams gave a very inspiring talk at the opening session — 
Mrs. Alfred Berry, Ellison, N. Dak., Dec. 23. 


Black Swamp.— The young people and children of the Sunday-school 
rendered a very good program Dec. 20, after which they were 
given a treat. An offering of $6 was taken for the Near East 
Relief. Dec. 28 we reorganized our Christian Workers' Society by- 
electing Sister Margaret Clauson, president. We meet each Sun- 
day evening.— Mrs. Asenath Baker, Lemoyne. Ohio. Dec. 29. 

Caatine church met in council Dec. 21, with Eld. S. A. Blessing 
presiding. Officers were elected for the year. Elders L. A. Bookwalter 
and Clarence Erbaugh assisted with the work. Other ciders presen' 
were Andrew Miller, I. G. Blocher and Granville Minnich. Bro. 
Blessing was reelected presiding elder for the next two years. The 
children had prepared a program but could not render it, because on 
account of the cold on Christmas night not enough were present.— 
Esther Petry, West Manchester, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Cleveland Mission.-Bro. Stover recently gave us a series of sermons 
on life, closing with the " Victorious Life," each sermon very 
practical and helpful. The budget for 1925 has been prepared with 
an increase over this year that we may do better work. Church 
officers have been elected for the coming year, taking their place 
Jan. 1. Dec. 21 our Sunday-school gave a Christmas program quite 
worth while. Especially was the primary department interesting 
with their little songs and recitations. Again we invite anyone 
interested to our mission at Superior Avenue and 110th St., each 
Sunday morning; Sunday-school at 9:45 and church service, 10:45 — 
Verna M. Dredge. Cleveland, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Eaat Chippewa.— Oct. 26 Bro. J. J. Anglemeyer, of Williams town, 
Ohio, began a scries of meetings. Fie preached each night for 
two weeks to a well filled house of attentive listeners and gave 
such inspired messages that we were all greatly encouraged for 
greater service in the future. A message was brought 
both by the regular quartet and by one from a sister 
which was enjoyed by all. Four made the good confession and 
were received into the church by baptism. On the last night 
when even standing room was at a premium a unanimous vote 
was taken asking Bro. Anglemeyer to be with us again in another 
revival effort. On Thanksgiving evening a special program was 
given by the young folks which was very well received. Several 
of the organized Sunday-school classes decided to take some definite 
action,, toward giving where it was most needed at Christmas time 
—Mrs. J. H. Kahler, Orrville, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Lower Stillwater.— Nov. 28 we met in special council for organ- 
ization for the coming year. Ora B. Bowman was reelected Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Members were chosen on the finance 
and ministerial committees each for a term of three years. The 
church decided to continue our present financial plan of ministerial 
support. The duplex envelope system of weekly offerings is con- 
tinued for the year. Bro. Roy G. Engfc, a former student of Bethany 
Bible School, and now a senior at Manchester College, was licensed 
to the ministry. Nov. 30 Bro. Frank Eby, of Trotwood, Ohio, gave 
■is a very interesting Thanksgiving sermon that made us think 
of our stewardship of life, thought, means and gratitude. Dec. 9 
the Sisters' Aid had a very interesting meeting at the church, 
assorting and packing the donations of clothing, etc., for the 
Christmas gift to German sufferers. Dec. 21 the young people 
of the Sunday-school rendered an instructive Christmas-missionary 
program and pageant.— L. A. Bookwalter, Trotwood, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Marble Furnace.— The Ladies' Aid Society met with Mrs. Van B. 
Wright Dec. 17 for reorganization. Twenty members were present. 
The sisters gave Mrs. Wright a comforter as a gift of appreciation; 
she has been president since the society was organized almost three 
years ago. Dec. 18 our church met in council, with Bro. Van B. 
\\ right presiding. Eva L. Ramsey was reelected clerk; M. L. Myers. 
trustee; Lucy Ramsey, missionary agent; the writer "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent. Dec. 28 we reorganized the Sunday-school. 
J. W. Ramsey was reelected superintendent, this being his third year 
Bro. Wright delivered his farewell sermon on Sunday night to an 
attentive audience. The Wrights take their departure on Monday 
for their new home at Dayton. The community at large deeply re- 
grets their going.— Mrs. Anna Storer, Peebles, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Oakland church met in council Nov. 29 with Eld. Flory presid- 
ing. Officers for the coming year are as follows: Superintendents, 
Bro. H. G. Young and Ray Peterson; Bro. Chas. Flory reelected 
elder for another year. Dee. 21 Bro. W. R. Shull, of Bethany Bible 
School, Chicago, preached two sermons which were much enjoyed. 


Our young people and primary department put on a program 
Christmas evening. In spite of the cold we had a well filled house, 
—Mrs. R. T. Waggoner. Bradford, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Olivet church met in council Dec. 11 with Bro. E. B. Bagwell 
presiding. He was elected elder (or the coming year, and Bro. 
M. S. Leckronc Sunday-school superintendent. The reports given 
showed that a good year's work has been done. The missionary 
committee has kept before the church the responsibility we have 
to share in the mission work. The Sunday-school report showed 
that the school has grown and has carried out some of its plans. 
Once a month we observe mission Sunday and our offerings have 
averaged around $30 a Sunday. The Aid Society has made a nice 
contribution to the appearance of the churchhouse and assisted 
many needy ones. The social welfare committee laid before us 
plans whereby we might more adequately direct the social life of 
the church especially among our young people. The finance com- 
mittec has done an excellent thing in getting each one to share 
in the work of the church. They presented to the church the 
budget for the year which was accepted unanimously. Our pastor, 
Bro. Clyde Mulligan, and wife, have been here since July. Much 
of their time has been spent in acquainting themselves with the 
new field and its work. Bro. Bagwell remained, with us over Sun- 
day preaching inspiring sermons both morning and evening— Mrs 
Clyde Mulligan, Thornville, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Pleasant Valley (Ohio) church held a members' meeting Dec. 
13 with Eld. David ■ Minnich presiding. One letter was received. 
We decided to adopt the envelope system for raising church finances 
for 1925. We elected officers for the coming year with W. A. Clark 
Sunday-school superintendent; "Messenger" agent and correspond- 
ent, Grace Rhoadcs. Bro. Edward Frantz was with us recently and 
gave a fine talk on Peace. We had a Christmas' program Dec. 21 
by the young people and children of the Sunday-school with the 
help of a few of the older oncs.-Grace Rhoades, Union City, Ind 
Dec. 23. 

Prices Creek.— Wc were richly blessed to have with us Oct 25 
to Nov. 9 Bro. Chester Petry, of Dayton, Ohio. The earnest, ap- 
pealing sermons were well received. Eleven were received by baptism 
and two were reclaimed. One has since been received by baptism. 
We met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. I. G. Blocber presiding. He 
was reelected elder, and other officers were chosen for the year 
Two were received by letter. We very much appreciated having 
Elders Granval Minnich and S. A. Blessing with us.— Erma Miller, 
Eldorado, Ohio, Dec. 16. 

Trotwood churcli lias enjoyed a splendid two weeks' revival 
closing Dec. 14, conducted by Bro. H. L. Hartsough, of Hunting- 
ton, Ind. His power fit. sermons and strong personality had a 
remarkable influence for good upon the congregation. Twenty-six 
were baptized and three were received on former baptism. The 
whole congregation was much strengthened and inspired to do 
greater things for the Master. The interest and attendance were 
fine. The work of Bro. Karns in leading the singing and arrang- 
ing special numbers added interest and was much appreciated. A 
communion was held Dec. 17, with Bro. L. A. Bookwalter officiat- 
ing. A very quiet and impressive service gave strength and Joy 
to all in the Master's service.— Anna M. Coffman, Trotwood, Ohio. 
Dec. 22. 


Marland.— We thought perhaps the readers would like to hear 
from our little Sunday-school on the Healdton Oil Company lease. 
We are doing fine and everything is coming along good. Oct. S 
twenty-seven people met at the home of Mrs. Marion Roys and 
organized a union school, with Mrs. James Sampsel superintendent. 
We have met in different houses for Sunday-school. Out here in 
the oil field we have no fine churches but we - enjoy our little 
school. We had a nice Christmas entertainment and gave every 
child on the lease a treat. We have been using the Brethren 
literature and have ordered more for the first quarter. We also 
bought one dozen copies of Hymns of Praise. There is only one 
member of the Church of the Brethren here and that is the writer- 
one who wants to be busy in God's work.— Mrs. James Sampsel, 
Marland, Okla., Dec. 25. 


Portland church met in business session Nov. 30, with EM. J. W. 
Barnett presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected as 
follows: Elder, Bro. Geo. C. Carl; clerk, Sister Laura Cheney (owing 
to home duties Sister Cheney tendered her resignation after having 
faithfully served the church for many years); Sister Belle Royer 
was chosen to succeed her; trustee, Bro. M. M. Long; "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent, Sister Ruth Alsthrom; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Bro. M. R. Caslow; Christian Workers' president, 
Sister Ruth Alsthrom. The Sunday -school and Christian Workers 
jointly sent out baskets at Thanksgiving time which provided dinner 
for eight families. Our Thanksgiving service was held in the 
evening instead of our weekly prayer meeting. Bro. Ernest recently 
held a two weeks' revival at Damascus. The faithful little band 
at that point were spiritually built up and one Sunday-school scholar 
was baptized. Bro. Ernest Root, of Corvallis, Ore., is filling the 
pulpit both morning and evening each Sunday during this month 
while our pastor. Bro. J. W. Barnett, and wife are conducting re- 
vivals in Washington. The Sisters' Aid held their annual bazaar 
Nov. 22, serving a chicken dinner, the proceeds of which exceeded 
$200. The young people's class realized $5 selling candy at the same 
time. A very good Christmas program was given last evening. 
The Damascus program has been postponed until next Sunday 
because of the extreme cold.— Nora Rench Pratt, Clackamas, Ore 
Dec. 24. 


Chiques church met in council Nov. 29, with Elders J. H. Longe- 
necker, Hiram Kaylor, H. S. Zug and S. S. Eshelman present. 
The two first named were appointed by the District Meeting to 
ordain Bro. H. L. Hess to the full ministry, which was done. Eld. 
S. S. Eshelman was chosen elder in charge for three years. Dec. 
10 we met in the home of Eld. Eshelman and the following were 
elected to serve in the different church activities: Bro. M. B. 
Ginder, superintendent of Chiques Hill Sunday-school; superintendent 
of Mt. Hope. H. H. Zug; Bro. M. B. Ginder, president of Chris- 
tian Workers' Society; Sister Kate Zug, president of Sisters' Aid 
Society— P. C. Geib, Manheiin, Pa.. Dec. 15. 

Conemaugh. — We arc glad indeed for the blessings we have en- 
joyed during the year, and joy fills our hearts as it always does 
when souls are addefTto the Kingdom. Dec. 19 the Sunday -school 
entertained with a program, after which each class presented a 
white gift. This was a remarkable success, but there followed a 
short service in which eight presented their hearts to the Savior, 
which brought to the climax a most successful Christmas service. 
This makes seventeen additions to the church for the year. — John 
W. Brumbaugh, Conemaugh, Pa., Dec. 24. 

Conestoga.— Nov. 26. Eld. A. H. Miller, of Akron, Ohio, began 
a very interesting series of meetings at the Bareville house, which 
continued till Dec. 11. He preached nineteen sermons, including one 
on Thanksgiving morning, after which an offering was lifted. Dec. 
7 Bro. Miller preached a missionary sermon and an offering of 
$124.10 was lifted for home and foreign missions. As a result of 
these meetings ten stood for Christ, and we believe that the 
church was strengthened by the earnest appeals of our brother. 
Dec. 13 We met in council with Eld. Ebersole presiding. The 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the Bareville school, with 
Bro. Joel Buck waiter, superintendent.— Amos B. Hufford, Bare- 
ville, Pa., "Dec. 16. 

East Fairview church held their love feast Oct. 18, with Eld. 
S. S. Eshelman officiating. On Sunday evening, Oct. 19, we began 
a series of evangelistic services, with Eld. J. L. Myers, of Logan- 
ville. in charge. Bro. Myers delivered seventeen inspiring sermons. 
Four confessed Christ. Three, of the number have been received 
into the church by baptism. Our local Sunday-school meeting was 
held Nov. 16. A very interesting program was rendered. Bro. S. 
G. Myers, of Jonestown, delivered a splendid address on " The 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 

Possibilities in Training Our Young People." Thanksgiving services 
were observed Nov. 27. Nov. 30 Eld. John C. Zug, of Palmyra, 
preached an sermon on Acts 27: 31-" Except yt abide 

m -.! rn P „!' C C i" n ° l bC S3Ved " 0l,r CO,,,Kil wns hM ' D «- 6. 
with Eld Allen G. Becker presiding. An election of officers for 
the Sunday-school was held at this time. Bro. John K. Earhart 
was elected superintendent, with Bro. Jerome Long and Bro. Rufus 
Natiman as assistants. On Dec. 7 Bro. S. C. Godfrey, of Red 
Lion, preached a soul -inspiring sermon on the "Immortality of the 
Soul. Increased interest is being manifested in our mid-week 
prayer mectings.-Jcrome S. Long. Manhcim, Pa.. Dec. 20. 

Falling Spring.-Dcc. 14 we were glad to have Bro. Ezra Flory 
preach for us at the Shady Grove church in the evening. He spoke 
on the Sermon on the Mount, handling it in a different way than most 
people do. winch made it more instructive. Dec. 21 the Shady Grove 
bunday-school reorganized for the year by reelecting the writer super- 
iiilcndent. Dec. 21 both schools— Shady Grove and Browns Mill, ren- 
dered their Christmas programs, which were well attended am! much 
appreciated. Dec. 28 Bro. J. Kurtz Miller from Frederick, Md., 
preached at the Browns Mill chuch. The Sunday-school there re- 
organized by electing Bro. Frank Miller superintendent. -H. N. M 
Orarhart. Shady Grove. Pa.. Dec. 30. 



Lancaster church met in council Dec. 10. Officers were elected 
for the year, with Bro. Omar Witmer, adult Sunday-school super- 
intendent. A committee was named to secure a pastor, ai Bro. 
H. B. Yodcr declined reelection for another year, The church de- 
cided to have the "Messenger" sent to each family as has been 
our custom for several years. Dec. 7 Bro. H. H. Nye, of Elizabcth- 
- Pn., gave an address at our missionary meeting. Our 
as program was rendered Dec. 21, mainly by the children's 
division of the Sunday-school. During the last year the church has 
gamed in numbers as follows: two baptisms, one reinstated eighteen 
certificates received and four granted. Our present membership is 
230.— Estella Frantz Martin, Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Locust Crovc.-We met recently and elected the following officers 
for the year: Elder, Jerome E. Blough; clerk and " Messenger " agent. 
D. C. Riblett; correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, Idclla Fyock. A Christmas program was given Dec 21 — 
EJizabeth Ribblett, Johnstown, Pa„ Dec. 23. 

Lower Cumberland.— Our love feast was held Oct. 5 for the 
first time in the Mccbanicshurg house, being held formerly in 
the old Mohler church. We had a very quiet, impressive service 
which was well attended. Bro. James Sell and wife came to us 
Nov. 16. Bro. Sell preaching morning and evening. Nov. 18 he gave 
his lecture, "The Lost Boys of the Allcghanies." Nov. 23 Bro. 
Silas Utz. of Tancylown, Md., began a series ol meetings in the 
Mcchanicshurg church and continued for two weeks, closing Dec. 7. 
He preached the Word with power, giving the members greater 
faith and courage to stand for the right. Three came out on 
the Lord's side. Two other scries of meetings were held in this 
congregation during the autumn, one in the Baker house by 
Bro. Greene Shively. and one in the Bailing Spring house by 
Bro. Harrison Gipe. Our council will be held in Mccbanicshurg 
Der\ 20. The Sunday-school there reorganized Dec. 14 by retain- 
ing Bro. Geo. Arbegast as superintendent.— Carrie Miller. Mccbanics- 
hurg, Pa., Dec. 15. 

Midway.— Nov. 2 a temperance meeting was held at Midway. Bro. 
R. W. Schlosser, of Elizabcthtown, preached a strong temperance 
sermon. An offering was lifted for world-wide missions. A scries 
of meetings was started Nov, 9 at the Cornwall house and closed 
Nov. 23, with Bro. W. G. Group, of East Berlin, evangelist. Three 
stood for Christ. Bro. Group preached the Gospel with power, 
and the chart talks were impressive to young and old. Nov. 30 
the three applicants were received into the church through bap- 
tism. „Dec. 7 Bro. E. M. Wcnger, of Pine Grove, preached for us 
at the Cornwall house.— Elizabeth B. Nolt, Lebanon, Pa., Dec, 15. 

Mingo church met in council Dec. 6. with Bro. J. N. Cassel pre- 
siding. The Sunday-school officers were elected for the year: Superin- 
tendents, Bro. Wilbur Smith for Mingo, and Bro. Albert Cotishalk, 
Sr., for Skippack. The Sisters' Aid Society officers were reelected.— 
Catherine M. Detwilcr, Collegevillc. Pa.. Dec. 27. 

Mt. Olivet.— Sept. 21 and 28 Brethren Ira Harl and Wm. Miller 
preached for us in the absence of our pastor. Bro. John R. Hersh- 
man, who was away holding evangelistic services, Nov. 23 wc 
enjoyed having with us the faculty quartet of Elizahethtown Col- 
lege who gave a Gospel message in song to an appreciative audience. 
Our. Sunday -school rendered a Christinas program Dec, 21 which 
was enjoyed by all. We also had with us Bro. Howard Dnuncr, 
our District Sunday-school Secretary, who gave a helpful talk. At 
this service certificates were given to thirteen of our Sunday-school 
scholars for Bible reading. Each responded with a chapter from 
memory. Wc also took an offering for the Near East Kelief. We 
elected our Sunday-school officers for the year, with Bro. -Walter 
Brandt, superintendent. Our school is progressing nicely and we 
hope to do even better work in the coming year. Bro. Earl S. Kipp, 
one of our home ministers, who is attending Elizahethtown Col- 
lege, fills the pulpit for us occasionally which we appreciate very 
much.— Frances Hershman, Mccbanicshurg, Pa., Deo. 29. 

Myers town.— Our Thanksgrving service was held Thursday morn- 
ing, Nov. 27. Bro. B. W. S. Ebersole spoke on being thankful. The 
offering was for missionary purposes. Our congregation gave cloth- 
ing, etc.. (or German Relief. Nov. 30 Bro. Ephraim Hcrtzler, of 
Elizahethtown, spoke on " Burden Bearing." Our church met in 
council with Eld. Michael Kuriz presiding. Reports of the various 
activities of the church were received. Officers for the coming year, 
for Christian Workers and Sunday-school, also teachers for the latter. 
were appointed. Bro. Elias Frantz was appointed Sunday-school su- 
perintendent. Members for the different committees on church work 
were elected. The writer was retained as "Messenger" agent and 
correspondent. The Elizahethtown College Quartet is expected to be 
with us sometime in the future. Sunday evening, Dec, 28, the Sun- 
day-school gave a Christmas program and Eld. H. F. King addressed 
the school. His theme was, Emmanuel.— Alice B. Royer, Mycrstowti, 
Pa., Dec. 29. 

New Fairview.- -Our church met in council, with Bro. I. M. Bowser 
in charge. Various officers were elected, among them being members 
on the missionary and Child Rescue committees. Sunday-school of- 
ficers were chosen, with Bro. Howard Fitz, superintendent.— J. L, 
Miller. York. Pa.. Dec. 29. 

N orris town.— On Sunday evening, Dec. 14, we held our love feast. 
There was a good attendance of the members. Bro. Garner and 
Bro. Bricker were with us and helped to officiate. The following 
Sunday evening at 7:30 o'clock we had our Christmas entertain- 
ment. There was a very large attendance and the program was well 
rendered by the young folks. After recitations by the children 
the young people presented a tableau, " The Search of the Shepherds^" 
At the conclusion of the tableau gifts in the form of money were 
given by every class— a total of $206— which will be used to remodel 
our churchhouse in the near future.— Edgar H. Grater, Norristowrf, 
Pa.. Dec. 27. 

Parker Ford.— We held our annual Thanksgiving service with the 
Coventry church. Bro. Galen Royer,, of Juniata College, preached 
the sermon, Nov. 27 to 30 we enjoyed a season of great spiritual 
blessing. Bro. Royer preached for us. Sunday was Homecoming 
Day. We were privileged to see a number of friends in this. 
their former church home. Sunday afternoon Brethren Wm. Nyec 
and Wm. Price, former members of our church, spoke of the 
great coming of our Lord. Bro. Royer also spoke on this subject. 
As a result of the meetings seven young folks confessed their 
Savior and were later baptized and received into the church. Dec. 
11 a District meeting for teachers was held in the Germantown 
church. A number of our people availed themselves of this op- 
portunity. Dr. Heathcotc spoke on Christian Education. A class 
of junior girls and boys sent $12 to the Neffsvillc Orphanage. Our 
church and community contributed over 300 garments to the World- 
Wide Needle Guild. We also sent more than a barrel of clothing 
to Germany.— M. Edith Pennypacker, Parker Ford, Pa., Dec. 15. 

. - -ill that 
a all. Nine 
re held our 
sermon and 

council and 


Pleasant Hill church met in council Dec. 6. with Eld. David B. 
Honl presiding. Two were received by letter. Bro. E. H. Miller 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent and the write assistant 
We also held services on Thanksgiving Day. An offering of $76.16 
WM lifted for world-wide missions. We also took an offering of 
$21.50 for the Old Folks' Home at Carlisle-Paul K. Newcomer. 
Spnng Grove, Pa.. Dec. 22. 

Riddleaburg.-Bro. John R. Snyder held an evangelistic meeting 
in our church Nov. 30 to Dec. 14. The sermons * 
anyone could wish for— heart-searching and inspiring 
were baptized and others await the rite. Dec. 21 
love feast. Bro. Snyder returned and preached one 
officiated at the love feast. Dec. 28 we will hold oui 
elect officers.— J. N. Cogan, Riddlesburg, Pa., Dec. 23, 

Spring Grove.-Wc met in council Dec. 3. with Eld. I W Taylor 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected as follows: 
l A W .J ayl0T - cltier: Amos M " Ma«in. Sunday-school superintendent 
Our Thanksgiving meeting was held at the Voganville house. Bro. 
Harvey Eberly, of Lititz. gave us a very helpful and uplifting 
sage. An offering of $21.62 was taken for mission wor' 
14 six applicants were received into the church for baptism 
result of revival meetings held at Bareville.— Emma F. Wanner. 
Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 14. 

Wayncaboro.-At our business meeting. Dec. 17. the following 
church officers were chosen for the year 1925: James M. Moore 
elder; Earl E. Snader, clerk; Ira Wingert, "Messenger" agent- 
Florence Hess, church correspondent. It was decided to hold our 
revival sometime in March, Bro. C. S. Replogle to be with us 
At the Sunday-school business meeting W. C. Wertz was elected 
superintendent. The president of the Christian Workers' Society 
ii John B. Stoner. Wc feel wc are quite svcll organized for work 
for the coming year, and with our splendid Sunday-school rooms 
and equipment there should be much rejoicing and a greater 
desire for more efficient work than ever before. Recently we had 
the privilege of having Brethren C. H. Shambcrgcr and Ezra 
Flory preach for us. Wc were all inspired to better living by 
their delightful messages. Because of work being done on the 
interior of our church wc were obliged to dispense with our regu- 
lar church activities for five Sundays. On the morning of Dec. 
21 our Sunday-school children gave a splendid program to an 
apprccintive audience. In the evening of the same day our pastor 
used for bis text. " I was glad when they said unto me. Let us 
go into the house of the Lord "-a very appropriate text, and one 
wc all apprcciatcd.-Mrs. J. M. Moore. Waynesboro. Pa., Dec. 26, 

West Green Trw.— Our church met in council, with Eld, H. E. 
Kaylor presiding. An important feature of the meeting was ' the 
installation of Sister Anna Bulterhaugh, wife of Bro. Dorsey Buttcr- 
baugh. a young minister. Sunday- school officers for the various 
houses were elected, with Bro. B. Rcinhold, superintendent at the 
Green Tree house; Bro. Allen Ober at Rheems, and Bro. Wm. 
Longanccker at Florin. We held a very interesting series of 
meetings at Florin lor two weeks. Bro. Michael Kurtz, of Rich- 
land, Pa., labored faithfully for us. Tlfcrc were six confessions— 
four .adults and two boys. The sermons were very practical, each 
being a perfect outline ol the text read. Bro. Kurtz does not 
shun to declare the whole truth as the duty of man to God. The 
interest, and attendance were remarkably good.— Mrs. Clavton Brene- 
man. Florin, Pa.. Dec. 18. 


Elk Run church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. W. H. Zigler 
presiding, One letter of membership was received and one granted. 
Bro. D. H. Smith was reappointed agent for publications and church 
secretary; Sister fna Huffman "Messenger" correspondent.— Sarah 
Smith, Mt. Solon, Va,, Dec. 27. 

Fairfax church met in council Dec, 1.1 with Eld, E, E. Blough pre- 
siding. As there was quite a lot of business to be disposed of 
council met again on the day following. Officers for the year were 
elected. The Sunday-school superintendents for Oakton are, Brethren 
I. B. Miller and J. S, Wine. A committee was appointed to study the 
conditions and problems ol Bull Run, one of our mission points, and 
report its findings to the church. It was decided to discontinue the 
Sunday night meetings during the winter. At the March council the 
future of the Sunday night m.-.'tings will he discussed. Next summer 
we hope to have a live Christian Workers' Society. Last summer 
we had a fine junior department. But when the weather got bad 
the juniors could not come anil it was considered wise to discon- 
tinue the junior as well as the senior department. Our love feast was 
held Nov. 20. On Christmas Day Bro, Earl Flohr preached for us. 
An offering was taken for the Brooklyn Italian Mission. The Sunday- 
school continues the monthly offerings to the General Mission Board. 
Dec. 28 the school rendered a Christmas program. An offering was 
taken for missions,— Virginia G, Showaltci, Oakton, Va., Dec. 30. 

Green HiU church just closed a two weeks' revival conducted 
by Bro. John Click, ol Timherville. He labored earnestly with us 
preaching the truth with power. The attendance and interest were 
good. We rejoiced when four were baptized— W. B. Poff, Glcnvar 
Va.. Dec. 22. 

Grcenmount church met in council Dec. 27 with Eld. J. W. Wampler 
presiding. It was decided to use some of the money in the hands 
of the local mission board to send the " Messenger " to some poor 
members. Brethren Ralph Lnnham and Eddie Garber were granted 
license to preach. Bro. David Wampler was installed in the deacon's 
office. A general improvement committee was appointed to see about 
improving the buildings, yards and groves of the different church- 
houses. The corresponded for 1925 are, Sister Sallie Myers for Green- 
mount and Sister Lizzie Myers for Mt. Zion.— Hannah C. Myers, 
Edom. Va., Dec. 29. 

Peters Creek church met in council Dec. 20 with Eld. Levi Garst 
presiding. The officers of the past year were reelected with the 
exception of Price Garst being appointed treasurer. In the death 
of Eld. N. H. Garst, Peters Creek church lost one of its trustees, 
and Bro.. Luther Shepherd was appointed to fill his place. Bro. 
J. S. Showaltcr preached a Thanksgiving sermon from the text, 
"Honor the Lord with tliy substance." Afterward an offering of 
$340 was taken for the General Mission Board. At the last Aid 
meeting $10 was given to the General Mission Board, $5 to Bethany 
Bible School, and a box of clothing sent to the poor of Germany. 
At this meeting Sister Amy Naff was reelected president. A 
ministerial association program will he given at this place Dee. 
29.— Mrs. Ida Showalter, Roanoke. Va., Dec. 23. 

St. Paul church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. W. J. Payne pre- 
siding. The church and Sunday-school officers were elected: Bro. 
Payne, elder; A. M. Payne, church clerk and Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. The attendance at Sunday-school is very good considering 
the weather. Our offerings for the last year are the largest yet 
in the history of this church. The offerings on the second Sunday 
of each month we still use for missions.— Elsie Payne, Cana, Va., 
Dec. 29. 

Outlook.— Dec. 7 J. W. Barnett and wife began a series of meet- 
ings. The weather was so inclement and so much was going on 
in the public school that our attendance was not what it should 
have- been, so we deemed it wise to close. Four accepted Christ 
and the members were strengthened and encouraged. Brother and 
Sister Barnett are giving all their time to the work of the church 
and their labors here were much appreciated.' Dec. 15 Bro, J. U. 
G. Stiverson. District Mission Secretary, gave us a number of 
stcrcopticon views on India which were very impressive.— Mrs. C. 
A. Wagner, Outlook, Wash., Dec. 22. 


Stanley Sunday-school gave an interesting program Dec. 21, after 
which an offering of $11 was taken. Some articles of clothing 
also were brought for the needy. We have our new furnace 
installed and it is working nicely. Oct. 14 at our evening service 
we had an interesting sermon.— Mrs. Jacob Winkler, Stanley. Wis* 
Dec. 26. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 



The regular quarterly ministerial meeting of the cen- 
tral group, comprising the Berthold, Kenmare, Surrey and 
Minot churches was held in the home of Sister Horner at 
Minot Dec. 2. All five ministers of the group were pres- 
ent; also four deacons and twenty-six lay members. 

The following topics were discussed in the forenoon : 
The Local Church Program.— C. I. Michael. The Pastor 
as a Leader in Community Life. — Jorgen Boe. 

Dinner was served to all present. Afterward the follow- 
ing topics were taken up: Problems of the City Ministry.— 
Ray Harris. How Can the Minister Lead His Members 
More into the Prayer Life?— C. C. Myers. The Minister's 
Responsibility in the Present Tendency Toward Worldli- 
ness.— D. T. Dierdorff. 

Officers for 1925 were elected as follows: Chairman, Eld. 
Jorgen Boe; Vice-Chairman, Eld. D. T. Dierdorff; Secre- 
tary, the writer; Treasurer, Eld. G. I. Michael. Our next 
meeting will be held at Surrey, Tuesday, March 3. 

Minot, N. Dak. Ray Harris. 


There is much being said (especially the last few 
years) and I for one have heard it advocated from 
Brethren pulpits, and by Brethren ministers, that the time 
has come, or that we have arrived at an age and condition 
when it is necessary to have socials, entertainments, and 
plays. Some even carry it so far as to say we ought 
to have room for basket ball in our churches, and tennis 
on our church grounds, claiming that this is necessary 
in order to hold our young people and keep them in- 
terested in the work of the church; but in all I have 
heard said, I haven't heard anyone yet who produced any 
Scripture to back up such a position — and I presume the 
reason is they haven't got any. 

Now the writer is disposed to take exceptions to these 
things, for I fear they have more of a tendency to pro- 
mote worldliness and carnality, than to build up the best 
interest and spirituality of the church. Now in the dis- 
cussion of this question, we purpose to give Scripture for 
our views; trusting they will have due consideration. 

First, I wish to call attention to the time in Exodus 
32 when Moses was on the Mount receiving the Law, and 
at the request of the people Aaron made the golden calf. 
In verses 6 and 7 we have language like this: "And they 
rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, 
and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down 
to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. And the Lord 
said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, 
which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have 
corrupted themselves." Now please notice that this play 
act was in connection with idolatry. 

Now take a reference Bible, and it will refer you direct 
to 1 Cor. 10: 6-7 where we have this language: "Now 
these things were our examples, to the intent we should 
not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. Neither 
be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, 
The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to 
play." Please take notice that here play is classed with 
idolatry, and Paul is telling the Christians they should 
not be that way. 

Next I wish to call attention to 1 Cor. 13: 11 where 
Paul says: "When I was a child, I spake as a child, I 
understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when 
. I became a man, I put away childish things." And I am 
constrained to believe that if Paul could be interrogated 
as to the play question, he would say: "When I was a 
child I played as a child; but when I became a man I 
put that away also." And this reminds me of an adage I 
saw some time ago: "It is better to grow gracefully old, 
than to try to remain ridiculously young." And it seems 
to me, it does look a little ridiculous to see an older per- 
son, perhaps with gray hair, trying to play and act like 
a child. 

These entertainments remind me of a clipping I got 
hold of some time ago, which runs like this: A cele- 
brated editor once received a letter from a minister, telling 
him that his church was in financial straits, the congre- 
gations were small, the interest in home and foreign 
missionary work was very feeble, the prayer meetings 
had practically ceased on account of nonattendance, and 
altogether things were in a bad way. They had tried 
concerts and entertainments of all kinds. Would the 
editor be so kind as to help by suggesting some new 
method of arousing enthusiasm and drawing the people 
together? The editor replied on a postcard: "Why not 
try Religion?" 

Now we wish to call up Paul once more, and in 
Ephesians 5: 15-16 we have this: "See then that ye walk 
circumspectly, not as fools but as wise, redeeming the 
time, became the days are evil." What is Paul trying to 
teach us here? Does he not as good as say there is so 
much evil in the world; that if we as Christians do our 

duty in subduing our own evil propensities, and do what 
we can in helping to subdue some of the evils of the 
world, we will be kept so busy that we will have no time 
to play, or idle away? 

"Redeeming the time " — is not this as good as telling 
us that many of us have fooled too much time away 
already, and the best thing we could do is to get busy, 
_ and try and redeem some of it? Joseph W. Smith. 

Woodland, Mich. 


The article written' in the December 20 " Gospel Mes- 
senger " on page 820 entitled "Stockholders" by B. F. 
A. Myers hits the nail on the head according to my knowl- 
edge and understanding. I say, too, that all should stand 
square from the shoulder for the ordinances and princi- 
ples laid down and taught by our Lord and Master, Jesus 
Christ. Let us have the solid plain truth brought out 
and written and the whole truth. 

It is plain to see that quite a per cent of the churches 
of the Brethren are taking too much of the world along 
the Christian pathway. We must keep ourselves separate 
from the worldly pleasures. James 1: 27 says to keep 
unspotted from the world. Let us forget those things 
which are behind and reach forth unto those things which 
are before and press toward the mark for the prize of 
the high calling of God in Christ Jesus. 

If we, as true Christians, are to be as shining lights in 
the world we surely will have to let our light so shine 
by our actions, talk and duties every day to show to the 
world that we mean business and that there is a true and 
living God, and that he dwells in us and we in him and 
by the power of the Holy Spirit, Jesus Christ, we are 

Let us seek for the riches of his glory and contend sin- 
cerely for the faith once delivered to the saints. 

Zion, 111. F. E. Kniesley. 


May I express my thoughts in penning a few lines on a 
subject that has given me much concern of late. In read- 
ing the two or three pages of reports from the different 
churches of the Brotherhood I often read an item like this: 
We held our communion such an evening. Now having 
been a member in two different denominations, and see- 
ing what I have in three others, I do not like that way of 
putting it for it is not at all satisfying. Now afteT com- 
ing to the conclusion I had to after studying God's Word, 
and after that baptismal experience I had at Lake Con- 
gromond, and after the privilege and experience of Au- 
gust 17 in that love feast with Brethren I. W. Taylor, Car- 
per, Kilhefner and Buffenmyer of Pennsylvania, and 
Nedrow, of New York, at my home, and after taking that 
very particular description of that first love feast in John 
13, to say our communion, seems to me to be far short of 
the way to describe the service. 

It seems to me that to the heart swelled with the love 
of God, of brother or sister the term love feast would be 
much more satisfying, strengthening and uplifting. As I 
look at it a love feast of one or two days' length looks 
three ways : first, in length, the unbounded love of God for 
created man ; second, in width, the love of redeemed man- 
kind towards their Redeemer ; third, in depth, that God- 
prompted love permeating through and through as it will 
if allowed to create a condition which love feast best de- 
scribes. Now I hope the Brethren will be so welded by 
the fire of God's love that they will never drop the term 
love feast s. M. West. 

Westfield, Mass. , # . 


Levi B. Benner was born at Henrietta, Blair County, 
Pa., Sept. 16, 1857. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren in early manhood. He was twice married, his 
first wife being Christiana Hoover. To this union one 
son was born who survives. His second marriage was 
with Ida M. Royer who survives with one daughter. 

He moved with the Duncansville, now Carson Valley, 
church where he was called to the ministry in 1898. Here 
he was associated In ministerial work with Elders- Jas. 
A. Brice and David Sell, which continued until 1904 when 
the church was divided into two separate congregations 
— Leamersville and Carson Valley. His lot fell with 
the latter. Here in 1908 he was ordained to the elder- 
ship and the care of the church was placed in his hands 
and so continued until the time of his death Dec. 12, 
1924. He faithfully ministered to the spiritual wants of 
his people both publicly and privately. His disposition 
was of a mild and sympathetic nature which endeared 
him to his flock and always made him a welcome visitor. 

He had a large heart and his hospitality was wonder- 
ful. He, with his good companion, kept an open house 
where strangers were always welcome. His ministerial 
work was also freely given. While others were setting 
a price upon their services and even refusing to serve 
when the outlook was not so promising, Bro. Benner was 
doing his part without compensation, besides being a 
liberal contributor toward expenses. 

Our brother was a school teacher by profession. And 
while he did not have the advantage of the training given 
by the higher schools yet by his native ability and pluck 
he ranked among the most successful teachers of his 
county. He died at his post, leaving the school room to 
take his bed, from which he never rose. He had been 
in failing health for a number of years with diabetes, but 
by his clean life and abstinent habits he lived longer than 
his physician thought possible. Bro. Benner leaves a 
good clean record. In serving his God, the church, _his 
family, his community as a citizen and the school as a 
teacher he truly " fought a good fight, finished his course 
and kept the faith." 

Eld. W. J. Swigart conducted the funeral services 
assisted by Jacob Hoover, W. S. Long, J. B. Miller and 
the writer. j as A g elI 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months " Gospel Mes- 
senger ' subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and fall address given. 

Hastings-Corrcll.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
mother, Sister Sarah Corrcll, Homerville, Ohio, Nov. 29, 1924, 
Mr. Edmund Hastings and Sister Florence Correll, both of Homer- 
ville, Ohio.— S. M. Friend, Lodi, Ohio. 

Jens en -Ruff.— By the undersigned,— at the home of the bridev 
Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 24, 1924, Mr. Albert Ernest Jensen and Sister 
Iva Edith Ruff, both of Nappanee, Ind.— Galen B. Royer, Jr., Nap- 
panee, Ind. 


Barnes, Gusta Victoria, daughter of Calvin C. and Mary E. 
Crummie, was born near Cedar Mills, Ohio, departed this life 
Dec. 24, 1924, at her home near Locust Grove, Ohio, aged 26 years 
and 8 months. She leaves a husband, one daughter, one brother, 
one half-brother and one half-sister and the mother. She was 
married Dec. 25, 191S. She was a member of the Christian Union 
church at White Oak since 1914. Her health had been failing 
for about a year. She had received the anointing from the pastor 
of the Church of God a few weeks before, which gave her great 
and lasting comfort. Services at the Locust Grove M. E. church 
by the writer. Interment in the Locust Grove cemetery.— Van B. 
Wright, Peebles, Ohio. 

Beckwith.— Sylva Pauline, daughter of Thurston and Ulva 
(Schubert) Beckwith, born November 16, 1918, near Fruitland, Idaho, 
died of spasmodic croup at her home near Payette, Idaho, November 
21, 1924. She is survived by her parents, three brothers and one 
sister. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. John Metzler. In- 
terment in River Side cemetery. — R. A. Montz, Payette, Idaho. 

Beelman, Sister Margaret E., of Elizabeth town, Pa., died Dec. 
5, 1924, aged 83 years, 8 months and 2 days. She was the widow 
of Eld. Henry Beelman, who at the time of his death, ten years 
ago, was elder in charge of the Lower Cumberland churches. She 
indeed was a mother in Israel, for all who knew her loved her for 
her many Christian graces. She was always of a very cheerful 
nature, especially fond of children. She possessed an unfaltering 
faith in God and love for Christ and Mie church. She attended a 
love feast in EHzabethtown, Pa., three weeks prior to her death, 
when hardly able to, on account of the feebleness of her body. 
A few days prior to her death she called for the anointing. This 
brought to her in the midst of her suffering a remarkable degree of 
hope, peace and sunshine. She is survived by five children— two 
sons and three daughters and five grandchildren. Services at 
Mcchanicsburg, by Eld. H. K. Ober, assisted by Eld. S. H. Hertzler. 
Interment at Mohlers cemetery.— Margaret Bower, Elieabethtown, Pa. 

Cleaver, Urban L., son of Eld. George and Emma Cleaver, died 
of flu at his home near Grampian, Pa., Dec. 18, 1924, aged 46 years, 
lacking 16 days. He gave his heart to Jesus and united with the 
church at the age of nineteen, remaining faithful until death. He 
was elected to the deacon's office in 1905 and to the ministry 
six years later. He gave of his best for the spiritual life of 
the church and community. He was an excellent Bible class teacher 
and a spiritually' minded man. During his illness which lasted only 
a few days he was anointed, his father assisting in the service. At 
the time he gave a wonderful testimony to the steadfastness of 
his faith in and the reality of the Lord who was waiting for him. 
An invalid daughter preceded him four years ago. He is survived 
by his parents, wife, three daughters, two brothers and two 
sisters. Services in the Greenville church by the writer, assisted 
by Rev. Boone, of the Baptist church. Interment in the near-by 
cemetery.— Jason B. Hollopeter, Rockton, Pa. 

Dove, Conrad Layman, son of David F. Dove and wife, died Dec. 
15, 1924, aged 6 years, 7 months and 25 days. Services by the 
writer at Damascus Church of the Brethren near Criders, Va. — 
S. W. See, Mathias, W. Va. 

Grant, Manila, youngest daughter of Joseph and Christena Work- 
man, born in Knox County, Ohio, died Dec. 19, 1924, aged 75 years, 
3 months and 6 days. Oct. 13, 1870, she married Jobe Grant. There 
were eight sons and three daughters. In 1882 she and her husband 
accepted the Savior and united with the Church of the Brethren. 
She is survived by her husband, five sons, three daughters, one 
brother, twenty-four grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. 
Services by Eld. G. S. Strausbaugh at the Four Corners church 
near North Liberty, Ohio. Burial in adjoining cemetery.— Mabel 
Strausbaugh, Frederick town, Ohio. 

Hoover, Ida, born in Wayne County, died Oct. 31, 1924, aged 45 
years, 9 months and 17 days. She was the daughter of Augustus 
and Catherine Schaffter. She married Martin Hoover in 1907. There 
were seven children who survive with her husband, mother, two 
sisters and one brother. Services by D. R. McFadden. — Mrs. J. 
H. Kahlcr, Orrville, Ohio. 

Humi, John, born in Lucerne, Switzerland, died at Kansas City, 
Kans., Dec. 10, 1924, aged 79 years, 9 months and 26 days. He came 
to America when eighteen years of age. Eight years later he 
married Margaret Donahoe, of Pennsylvania, and they came to 
Kansas to begin life with the pioneers of the State. There were 
three daughters. After his first wife's death Bro. Humi married 
Sister Fannie Keim, who survives. His life has been an inspiring 
lesson of integrity and kindliness. None ever sought his aid in 
vain. Many a family has been helped through a critical crisis by 
his timely assistance and encouragement. Monday afternoon he 
was stricken with a fatal illness and taken to St. Margaret's 
Hospital, where he died Wednesday morning. During his illness 
he showed the same fine qualities that had characterized his life. 
He was marvelously patient and thoughtful of others. He was 
one of the trustees who directed the building of the present Central 
Avenue church. Services by the writer. — W. P. Strole, Kansas 
City, Kans. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 

Jamison. Samuel Henry, son of John W. and Elizabeth Jamison, 
born in Franklin Co., Va., died at his home in Quinicr, Kans., 
Dec. 12, 1924, aged 62 years, 3 months and 21 days. He married 
Mary E. Bowman, May 18, 1882. There were twelve children, two of 
whom preceded him. He leaves his wife and ten children. He 
united with the church of his choice while young and lived an 
exemplary life until death. Services by Bro. D. A. Crist. Burial 
in Quinter cemetery.— Mrs. J. W. Jarboe, Quinter, Kans. 

Johnson, Samuel Ross, son of John and Rebecca Johnson, born 
in Cairo!! Co., Ohio, died Oct. 2, 1924, aged 87 years, 3 months 
and 28 days. In August, 1860, he married Nancy Ann Maple. There 
were three children. In 1869 the mother died. After some time 
he married Mary M. Stewart, -who also preceded him. To this 
union were born five sons. At an early age he united with the 
Church of the Brethren, remaining a member to the last. He is 
survived by one daughter, three sons, eight grandchildren and ten 
great-grandchildren. Services by D. R. McFadden.— Mrs. J. H. 
Kahlcr, Orrville, Ohio. 

Kagey, John R„ died Dec. 12, 1924, aged 64 years, II months and 
3 days. He has been a member of the Brethren Church since 
boyhood and served in the deacon's office for twenty-five years. 
He is sadly missed in the community and church as well as in 
the home. Services by Eld. P. I. Garber, assisted by Rev. J. £. 
Tucker, of the Baptist Church. Services in the Mt. Zion church 
and interment in the cemetery near by. He was a great sufferer 
for many years and was anointed a week before his death.— Li^iie 
S. Myers, Edom, Va. 

Kesner Sister , of Round Mountain, Ark., died Dec. 14, 1924, 

aged 53 'years and 22 days. She married Bro. Kesner July 3, 1887. 
In 1835 she united with the Brethren Church and was a devoted 
Christian, highly respected by all her neighbors. She leaves her 
husband, seven children and one brother. Services by the writer 
at the cemetery.— C. H. Brown, Lowell, Ark. 

Lam, Sarah C, died Dec. 19, 1924, aged 75 years, 1 month and U 
days. She was a devoted member of the Brethren Church. She 
is survived by one daughter and one son. Services by Elders I. 
W. Miller and P. I. Garber at the Mt. Zion church where inter- 
ment was made.— Lizzie _S. Myers, Edom, Va. 

Lear, Lewis A., born Jan. 23, 1882, in Gallipolis, Ohio, the son of 
August and Louise Lear, d»^d Dec. 19, 1924, at his home in Smoky 
Corner, near Poplar Grove, Ohio. His father and five sisters are 
' dead. Feb. 9, 1915, he married Mrs. Nettie (Garman) Chrisman. 
There were two children who survive, with a stepdaughter. He 
was a member of the German Lutheran Church. Services at the 
home by the writer. Interment in the Locust Grove cemetery of 
Adams County— Van B. Wright, Peebles, Ohio. 

Niningcr, Sister Sarah A., nee Rhoades, died at her home in 
Santa Ana, Calif., Nov. 26, 1924, at the age of 71 years, 10 months 
and 1 day. Death followed several strokes of paralysis. She was 
an invalid during the last two years of her life. During her entire 
affliction she continued steadfastly in her Christian faith and was 
deeply interested in the welfare and growth of the church. She 
contributed generously in a financial way to the cause of Christ. 
She was born in Henry County, Ind., Jan. 25, 1853. In 1B6S she 
moved with her parents to Kansas. She united with the Church 
of the Brethren at the age of seventeen years. In 1870 she mar- 
ried Chas. Edw. Nininger. There were eleven children, five of whom 
survive, with seven grandchildren, one brother and four sisters. 
They moved to Oregon in 1882 and from there to Santa Ana in 
1919. Services in Santa Ana by Eld. Geo. C. Carl, assisted by Eld. 
A. C. Snowberger. Interment in the New Haven cemetery in Santa 
Ana.— Iva Carl, Santa Ana, Calif. 

Pruett, Floyd C, born at Tekamah, Nebr., died at Vinton, Nov. 
14, 1924, aged 39 years, 2 months and 14 days. At the age of 
fourteen he united with the Church of the Brethren. He enlisted 
in the service of his country for two years and was overseas. 
He was on the firing line and in several battles, being gassed while 
' in service. He leaves his mother, father, three brothers and two 
sisters. Services by the writer at Vinton, Iowa.— W. H. Long, 
North English, Iowa. 

Reese, Wm. Roy, died Sept. 15, 1924, aged 33 years, 7 months and 
2 days. He united with the church while young. He was mar- 
ried to Anna Sleasman. There were three children, two dying in 
infancy, and his wife about six months ago. One daughti 
Services by Bro. W. K. Kulp. Interment in 
tery. — Mrs. Cora Bittner, Rockwood, Pa. 

Shaffer, Sister Martha Leeper, wife of Bro. P. M. Shaffer, born 
in Westmoreland Co., Pa., died Friday morning in Canal Lewis- 
ville, Ohio, where she and her husband were visiting relatives. She 
was sixty years old. She leaves her husband, four daughters and 
two sons. Services at her home church, Mt. Joy, Pa., by the 
writer, assisted by her pastor, Bro. F. A. Myers.— R. T. Hull, 
Somerset, Pa. 

Smith, Nancy Foltz, wife of Daniel R. Smith, died Nov. 22, 1924, 
aged 72 years. She was a life-long member of the Church of the 
Brethren. She was born near Maplcsville, Md., and died near 
Chewsville, Md. Burial in the Smithburg- cemetery. Services in the 
Chewsville church by the writer, assisted by H. R. Rowland.— J. O. 
Buterbaugh, Hagerstown, Md, 

Stephens, Sister Emilie Mishler, born at Portage, Ohio, died 
Dec. 19, 1924, aged 76 years, 8 months and 2 days. She married Joel 
C. Stephens Nov. 9, 1865. A few years later they came to Kansas 
with their family. For the last thirty years they have made 
Neodesha, Kans., their home. She has been a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for over thirty years, holding membership 
in the Fredonia church. Besides her husband she leaves nine 
children, twelve grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. She 
was the last member of the Mishler family of thirteen. Her long 
life in the community had been ideal as a wife and mother, and 
she was highly respected by friends and acquaintances. Services 
from the home by the writer— S. E. Thompson, Bartlesville, Okla. 
Whitehead, Sister Ellen, daughter of Jacob Y. and Barbara (Plank) 
King, born near Woostcr, Ohio, died at Goshen, Ind., Dec, 20, 
1924, aged 77 years, 10 months and 13 days. At the age of four 
years she came to Elkhart County, Ind., and lived in that county 
until her death, with the exception of a few years when the family 
lived at Girard and Virden, 111. Her parents died before she was 
ten years of age and she then made her home with Mr. and 
Mrs. Solomon Conrad, near New Paris, Ind. She was married 
June 9, 1864, to Valentine F. Whitehead. There were eleven children, 
seven of whom survive, together with sixteen grandchildren and 
eight great-grandchildren. She united with the Church of the 
Brethren in 1868 and was ever a faithful member. She believed in 
the simple life and lived it. She was very quiet and unassuming 
in her religious life, always listening and worshiping her God 
while others did the speaking. It would be difficult to find a 
Christian who loved the services of God"s house more than she. 
Her feeble condition caused her to fall Oct. 27, 1924, and break 
her right hip and arm. The anointing service was a great com- 
fort to her. Services at the Goshen City church by her pastor, Eld. 
T. E. George." Burial at New Paris, Ind^-Neal Whitehead, Goshen, 

Wbitmore, Geo. W., died Nov. 21, 1924, aged 64 years. He was 
a faithful member of the Brethren Church from early life. He is 
survived by one son and one brother. He was in failing health 
for a good many years. Services by Eld. P. I, Garber and I. C. 
Sanger in the Greenmount church. Interment in the Greenmount 
cemetery.— Lizzie S. Myers, Edom, Va. 

Win, Lewis E., born in Grant County, Ind., died in Summitville, 
Ind., Dec. 17, 1924, aged 53 years, 8 months and 12 days. April 21, 
1894, he married EInora Ribelin. I There were four children, three 
of whom survive with the wife. Though not a member of the 
Church of the Brethren yet he held to that faith. Services at 
the Christian Church by Eld. W. L. Hatcher, assisted by the pastor. 
Interment in the I. O. O. cemetery.— Mrs. W. L. Hatcher, Summit- 
ville, Ind. 

Middk-crcek cemc- 


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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 10, 1925 







First Ventures From Home 

A Schoolmaster 

Early Marriage 

Life in Polo 

His Mother 

The Move 

First Trip Abroad 


First Book 

Editorial Work 

" Religious Activities in the Eighties 

The New Home 

Second Trip Abroad 

The Return 

Third Trip Abroad 

Three Books 

" Girdling the Globe 

Uniting the Church Interests 

Fifth Trip Abroad 

" Bible Land Talks " 

Another New Home 

" Don't Worry Club " 

Annual Conference Work 

More Travels 

" The Other Half of the Globe " 




Close of Active Work 

Last Days 

What They Said 


Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brethren : 

I wish to take advantage of your excellent 
offer made in the Gospel Messenger of Dec. 
27, 1924. 

Enclosed find $2.60 for which please 

(♦extend my time one year on the Gospel 

(*as a new subscriber enter my subscription 
for one year.) 

and send me a copy of " The Anniversary Edi- 
tion of the Life of D. L. Miller" postpaid to 
my address. 

I am enclosing 10c extra for which send me 
the 1925 Year Book. 



Street or R. F. D 


The Anniversary Edition has a photo en- 
graving frontispiece showing Brother Miller 
toward the close of his life. 

The type is large and clear. In fact, Elder 
J. H. Moore says, " The mechanical part of 
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suited to the eye, and the reading as inter- 
esting as a romance." 

The binding is cloth. The book contains 
340 large pages. 

You will find this a valuable addition to 
your library. 

Reasons Why 

Because Brother Miller was so well known among* 
the churches. 

Because for many years he was editor-in-chief of 
the Gospel Messenger. 

Because of the prominent place he took in the edu- 
cational work of the church. 

Because of his interest in the mission work of the: 

Because we thought it to be but just that this; 
present Anniversary Edition of his life should be^ 
produced. And in order to secure the widest dis- 
tribution possible we kept the cost low and are offer- 
ing it as a premium with the Gospel Messenger. Ini 
the writing of this biography, Mrs. Bates, a niece of; 
Brother Miller, had access to much private correspond- 
ence which helped greatly in the work of writing the 
book. It was to her a labor of love, for Uncle Ql 
L. had a warm heart for the children. 


In an appreciation of Brother Miller, Elder J. H. 
Moore, for many years office editor of the Gospel 
Messenger, says: "As a representative of the very 
best interests of the Brotherhood, Bro. D. L. Miller 
came on the scene at an opportune time. When Mr. 
Morris College — then just started — needed a business 
manager, he took up quarters in Old Sandstone, and 
then and there his real career in the Brotherhood as 
a man of influence began. He reached out and secured 
a firm- hold on the ' Brethren at Work' interests. 
When the Annual Meeting decided to enter upon 
active mission work, he was placed on the first board 
and made secretary and treasurer of it." 

Elder Edward Frantz in a few paragraphs of ap- 
preciation says of him: " A long and very useful life — 
a life of unusual significance for the Church of the 
Brethren — thus comes to a beautiful and peaceful end. 
For he loved the church supremely." 

One more quotation, from Elder H. C. Early : 
" Here are the four leading enterprises of the church — 
the Publishing Business, Sunday-schools, Christian 
Education and Missions, these four. They were in 
the throes of birth in the church during the last 
thirty years of the nineteenth century ; or in other 
words, the church was in the travail of getting back 
to the teachings and practices of our own church 
fathers, which had been lost largely as a result of the 
Revolutionary War, and she needed some one to 
deliver her. He did his biggest work in getting Con- 
ference behind these big measures." 

Special Offer! $4 V 3£ E $2.60 


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1925 Year Book 

The Year Book (formerly Brethren Almanac) is 
a very complete record of the year's work and prog- 
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The Gospel Messenger 


-Matt. 6: 10; Luke 11: 

" Till we all attain unto . . . the stature of 
the fulness of Christ."— Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 74 

Elgin, 111., January 17, 1925 

No. 3 

In This Number 


Church Doctrine and Chris tia 

Jonah and John Three Sixteen JJ 

FilJiug Words With Worthy Content, 33 

A True Story 33 

Among the Churches, -....: 40 

Around the World, 41 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 41 

Our Forward Movement— 

Our Vacation Schools (E. F.), .37 

Mission Notes (C. D. B.) 37 

General Forum — 

The Unrecognized Master (Poem). By Forest S. Eisenhis 

Regeneration. By J. H. Moore, - 

A Good 1925 Slogan. By A. G. Crosswhite, 

Training Vs. Education. By D. W. Kurtz 

Why the Deficit? By B. E. Breshears 

Was Paul Insane? By Earl L. Flora, 

Is Tobacco Using a Sin? By Dr. John D. J3urkholdcr, 
A Great Door. By Julia Graydon, 


The Pastor's Study— 

The Pastor's Challenge. By Walter McDonald Kahlc 38 

The Pastors' Association. By F. F. Holsopple, 38 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus.— No. 9. By Wm. 

Kinsey, 38 

Home and Family — 

Patience (Poem), 39 

Homeless Children— No. 23. By Dr. S. B. Miller, 39 

The Mercenary Motive. By R. H. Miller 39 

Sunday Excursions. By Paul F. Bcchtold, 39 


Church Doctrine and Christian Life 

We are- not of those who would belittle the im- 
portance of church doctrine. We have no sympathy 
with that sort of cheap sentimentalizing. Oh the 
contrary we hold 'that doctrine is the backbone of 
religion. Our plea is not that we should take doctrine 
less seriously but rather that we should take it very 
much more seriously. 

' Just as vigorously do we protest against any tend- 
ency to speak lightly of the virtue of obedience. " The 
spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience " 
is a bad spirit, thoroughly bad. We need not less 
emphasis, but more, on the obligation to obey. But 
-jA r e surely do need also a more comprehensive grasp 
of the meaning of obedience. 

The evidence of this need we have been noting 
in the last two. weeks. It is in the common assump- 
tion that a commandment is obeyed when the particu- 
lar symbolic terms in which it is expressed are com- 
plied with whether any effort is made to live the truth 
symbolized or not. 

We plow and plant, we sow and reap — and some 
of us seem not to care whether what we plant and 
reap is a blessing or a curse to mankind, just so it 
brings in the profits. We buy and sell and build and 
rebuild, and so on with all the necessary duties — we 
do all this and apparently suppose that if, along with 
these " secular " activities we take time euougri to 
engage in certain prescribed "religious " duties, then 
we are meeting every requirement because we are 
keeping the commandments. The sad thing about 
this is, we fail to see that we are not keeping the 
commandments, unless we keep the spirit of them, 
unless we do honestly try to put into our lives the 
moral and spiritual ideas and ideals which are sym- 
bolically portrayed in our ritual. 

Some of us appear to think we' are keeping a com- 
mandment in spirit when we sincerely believe in the 
necessity of it and are not doing it hypocritically or 
out of a mere wish to be thought religious. Bless you, 
that is only the beginning of true obedience, and when 
it goes no farther, we get legalism and formalism of 
the most fanatical variety. That is what persecuting 
Sauls are made of. Read the thirteenth chapter of 
John all the way through, with close attention to every 
word and see as plain as day what Jesus was getting 

at in the solemn service described in the first part 
of that chapter. Do the same thing with the sixth 
chapter of that same book, especially the second and 
third paragraphs from the end, which are the best 
exposition of the communion service that has ever 
been given, even though they make no direct refer- 
ence to that. 

All such ceremonial observances are kept in spirit 
when they stir us up to love God and our fellow-men. 
Toward these two master ideas of religion all the rest 
converge. To love God is to worship him. To love 
men is to serve them. To do these things is to have 
the Spirit of Christ. To have his Spirit is to be one 
of his. This is Christianity. This is the goal of all- 
our aspirations, activities and machinery. Or ought 
to be. Is it needful to remind us that this is no mere 
passive state? That we can not have the Spirit of 
Christ without seeking to express it in all the relation- 
ships of life? 

This is commandment keeping of the highest order. 
Without this there is no baptism into the name of 
Jesus Christ, or into the name of the Father, Son 
and Holy Spirit. Without this there is no true wash- 
ing one another's feet. This is eating and drinking 
the flesh and blood of Christ. This is observing all 
things whatsoever Jesus commanded. This is obeying 
from the heart that form of doctrine which was 
delivered us or whereunto we were delivered, which- 
ever way you want to take it. 

How can we be so blind as not to see that we have 
scarcely begun to keep the commandments? What 
per cent of us are making the Kingdom first in our 
lives? Who seriously pretends to love his neighbor 
as himself? Baptism is entrance into fellowship with 
God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, a relation in 
which the divine life operates in our plans and choices. 
Washing one another's feet is loving and serving 
one another. Taking the bread and cup of com- 
munion of the body and blood of Christ is taking 
on his nature. But who of us have really done these 
things? We have had a good deal to say about sound 
doctrine for the last two hundred years and well we 
might, for it is an important subject. But isn't it 
time for a more consistent practice of it? 

Herein is a great mystery: that interest in the 
practice of the symbol is not matched by a correspond- 
ing interest in the practice of the duty symbolized. 
The only answer is that we have not awakened to 
the meaning of obedience, the function of ritual and 
the relation of doctrine to life. Like the Corinthians, 
we are still carnal. We have not seen what God is 
trying to make of us. 

If we ever do, which God grant may be soon, there 
will be a great uneasiness in Zion. 

Jonah and John Three Sixteen 

Had you ever noticed that the little book of Jonah 
breaks off right in the middle of John three sixteen? 
Hugh Martin noticed it and speaks of it in his own lit- 
tle book, " The Kingdom Without Frontiers. " " God 
so loved the world "—that is as far as the book of 
Jonah gets. But that is several thousand miles farther 
than Jonah himself ever got, notwithstanding he was 
something of a sea rover. 

He never dreamed that God loved everybody, cer- 
tainly not Israel's enemies, the Assyrians. But he did, 
men, women and children. And even the cattle ! 

" God so loved the world " was a tremendous ad- 
vance over the selfish nationalism which was current 
in Jonah's time— it is not to be supposed that any- 
thing so conceitedly narrow could flourish now!— but 

it took hundreds of years more to disclose to the world 
how that love was ever to be made effective. There 
was just a hint of it in the case of Nineveh. God did 
not want to destroy anybody. He was eager to forgive 
when true penitence made that possible. But the 
world could not get the idea. It was so long accustomed 
to think of gods so different from that, it could not be- 
lieve that God could be like that. It required heroic 
measures to put the truth across. 

And so God came down to men in the likeness of a 
man to prove to them that he meant it. Why, yes, it 
is so. What was foreshadowed in the book of Jonah 
shines out in the bright sunlight of indisputable fact. 
" Whosoever believeth in him shall not perish, but have 
eternal life. " 

Filling Words With Worthy Content 

Great words are but picture- frames, it has been 
justly observed, and their value depends on the 
quality of the portrait they enclose. How true that 
is of such words as God, salvation, eternal life! We 
take them on our tongues so easily we little realize 
the range of artistry represented by the pictures in 
these handy frames. 

To ['filiate the cheap daubs of our unskilled im- 
maturity with the careful handiwork of long experi- 
ence widened and deepened by companionship with 
Christ — that is our high privilege and Christian busi- 
ness. Enrichment of the thin soil of mere words — 
changing the figure— by fertilizing them with thought- 
substance gathered from the closer intimacies of 
actual contact with God and men, is one of the real 
joys of Christian living. 

A True Story 

Somutiiing very fine was brought to our attention 
recently. A brother became financially involved. He 
was a minister, highly respected and influential in his 
community. Under the stress of his difficulties he 
was led into certain practices which his own better 
judgment hardly approved and which subjected him 
to severe censure. Things went from bad to worse 
until bankruptcy became inevitable. Even harder to 
endure was the loss of confidence he suffered at the 
hands of his brethren and fellow-citizens. If he 
could only have convinced them of his integrity, his 
good intentions! But even that satisfaction was 
denied him. 

Huniiliated and broken-hearted he removed to an- 
other community, a distant State, and took u\> the 
burden of life again, but not until he had given his 
pledge that he would repay every dollar that he owed 
or die in the attempt. 

Years passed. Many forgot. Most people con- 
sidered it a closed incident. But the brother did not J 
forget. He waited and worked faithfully and waited 
and worked some more. Prosperity came to him 
again. The law had released him from his old obliga- 
tions but his sense of honor had not. Finally there 
came the day when he returned to his old home com- 
munity, hunted up his creditors or their heirs and paid 
them all in full. Back to his new home he went with 
a lighter purse and a still lighter heart, knowing that 
he had compelled his fellow-men, both in the church 
and out, to rate him as an honest man. 

And now the name of that man is held in highest 
honor by all who ever knew him. He became richer 
by far than any amount of material wealth could 
measure, and the thought of him makes one proud 
to know that when some men are tried they come 
forth as gold. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


The Unrecognized Master 

The Master of Men once came to earth, 
And lived as a man among men, 
But his fellows were blind 
To his beauty and grace, 
Somehow they failed 
To find God in his face; 
They would not believe, 
And they did not receive; 
They did not know him then. 

The Master of Men is on earth today, 

And searching and seeking how 

To raise sin -blinded men 

From the dust and the clod, 

And establish again 

Their communion with God; 

But they will not believe, 

And they do not receive; 

They do not know him now. 

Oh Master of Men, come to us just now! 
Keep coming, aye, once and again. 
Restore us our sight. 
And reveal us thy grace; 
Lead us out of the night, 
By the light of thy face; 
Teach us, Lord, to believe, 
And thy will to receive, 
To make ihec known to men. 
Chicago, 111- . » . 



WheN" considering the subject it should always be 
borne in mind that regeneration is a well defined act 
of the Divine. It is something that takes place with- 
in, and means a recreation, the forming and bringing 
into existence of a new creature; in other words, a 
new creation. The act or process, for it is a process, 
involves the making of something over, making the 
new inward creature to take the place of the old 

Regeneration is an act of God, through the agency 
of the Spirit and the use of the Word as the divinely 
appointed and life conveying instrument. In the 
process the three, God, Spirit and Word, act together. 
Without God there can be no regeneration. Without 
the Spirit there can be no regeneration. The same 
thing is true of the Word. In every case of regenera- 
tion the Word must play its part. It is a grave mis- 
take to conclude, or to teach, that God, in the absence 
of the Spirit and the Word, comes directly into the 
soul of the unregenerated man and there performs the 
act of regeneration. In a work of this sort he does 
not operate alone. He has his properly employed 
agency and duly selected instrument. 

The Word, as presented to us in the New Testament, 
is the instrument. Without this instrument there can 
be no regeneration. The moment the Word starts 
to function in the soul, regeneration begins. That is, 
the process begins, and must run its course. This 
course may be brief or it may lengthen out. It should 
not be regarded as instantaneous. The process is 
in perfect keeping with the law of the Spirit, and so 
far as the stages in the process are concerned one 
case of regeneration may, spiritually speaking, be as 
much like all other cases as one instant of natural 
generation is like the general class. There is a natural 
law regulating generation, but regeneration is regu- 
lated by the law of the Spirit. 

In regeneration the Word, as the instrument, ener- 
gized by the Spirit, becomes the seed. It is what is 
known in the New Testament as the "seed of the 
kingdom," and becomes the basis of all cases of re- 
generation. As in nature like begets like, so in the 
domain of the Spirit. The product of the seed of the 
kingdom partakes of the nature of Christ. Regen- 
erated men and women become Christlike; they have 
the spirit of the Master. Otherwise they are none 
of his. 

So far as the New Testament advises Jesus never, 

in the presence of an audience, discoursed on the 
subject of regeneration. In a private talk with Nicu- 
demus he treated the question under the head of the 
new birth. John 3: 3 deals with regeneration — " born 
from above " — and means the inward work of grace 
in the soul. Jesus does not call it regeneration, but 
that is what he meant, regeneration possibly being the 
finer way of putting the case. 

New Testament writers treat the subject with much 
exactness. James refers to the beginning of the 
process in this manner : " Of his own will begat he 
us with the word of truth " (1 : 18). " Begat" " with 
the word " is another way of saying that the people 
mentioned by James were regenerated. God, by 
means of the Word, as the seed, performed the act 
that we call regeneration. In 1 Peter 1 : 23 the sub- 
ject is treated in another form. Here the " seed," the 
" word of God," that which is " incorruptible," is 
named in connection with the new birth, "being born 
again." Generally speaking all of this relates to the 
work of grace in the soul, the creative act of God in 
forming and bringing into existence the new man, 
the new creature, the regenerated man. 

And while keeping in mind the fact that regenera- 
tion- is the act of God in the soul, we must not over- 
look the further fact that there is always some visible 
manifestation of an inward work of grace. The 
absence of this inward work is clearly evidenced in 
the unregenerated life. Just so with the regenerated 
man. His manner of life can not help telling the story. 
The outward and inward parts in the regenerated life 
fit each other as completely as do the two parts of a 
hinge, and as they function they work in perfect 
unison. The man in whose soul God performs the 
act that makes of him a new creature finds it easy, 
and perfectly natural, to give full visible evidence of 
his regeneration. There is no concealing it, and there 
is no contradicting it. Just as certain as the unre- 
generated gives external evidence of his unholy con- 
dition just that sure does the regenerated man clearly 
show to the world that he is a new creature in Christ 
Jesus. There is an external as well as an internal in 
both conditions. 

God never performs the act of regeneration in the 
absence of his appointed conditions upon the part of 
the recipient, for it is a- settled fact that regeneration 
is conditional. In this connection we are not saying 
in full what these conditions are, but they are clearly 
set forth in the New Testament. This leads up to 
the further fact that in every case of regeneration 
there are two factors: one, the act of God, and the 
other the act of man. Regeneration is offered to every 
man and woman, but it is not forced upon anyone. 
There must be first a yielding to God, an appropria- 
tion of the essential condition, then, and not till then, 
does regeneration become possible. 

In his further talk with Nicodemus Jesus makes it 
clear that in connection with the process of regenera- 
tion there is both the internal and the external. To 
be born of the Spirit includes all there is in regenera- 
tion. It presupposes the act of God in the soul usu- 
ally known as regeneration. All of this is inward, 
and therefore invisible. But Nicodemus is told that 
this process of being born from above includes being 
" born of water and of the Spirit," and the Master 
further gave the distinguished ruler of the Jews to 
understand that without this twofold birth there was 
no such a thing as entering the Kingdom of heaven. 
We are not commenting on the philosophy or reason- 
ableness of the Master's statement, but are merely 
stating the facts in the case, showing that In the 
process of the new birth beginning with the act of 
God in the soul, we have both the external and the 

The same facts are pointed out in Titus 3': 5, where 
mention is made of the " washing of regeneration." 
By this we are made to understand that while re- 
generation is the act of God operating on the heart, 
still, if the New Testament he true, and it is, there 
is always associated with this inward process the 
external act designated as not a but "the washing of 
regeneration." To stress the inner act and ignore 

the outer act is to do injustice to what the written 
word says on the subject, to say nothing of misleading 
the earnest seeker after the truth. And yet this is 
the very thing that is being done in a large majority 
of the pulpits in the land. The spiritual side of the 
new birth, as set forth in John 3: IS, is treated in 
the same manner. The plea and contention is for the 
birth of the Spirit without one word being said in 
regard to being " born of water and of the Spirit," as 
Jesus himself puts it. 

The purpose of this article is to rivet, for the mo- 
ment, attention on regeneration as the act of God 
working within, but not to the extent of eliminating 
the externals that have been, by divine selection and 
appointment, associated with the inward work. In 
the light of tire teachings of Christ and the apostles 
both the internal and the external go together, and 
the man who undertakes to divorce them, emphasizing 
one to the dispensing with the other, is doing violence 
to the Scriptures. 

Sebring, Fla. , ^ , 

A Good 1925 Slogan 


Through the courtesy of a very dear friend we 
have been enjoying the weekly visits of the Montreal 
Witness a most excellent home magazine, and each 
week on the front page one sees prominently dis- 
played this slogan : 

Make Canada a Place to Love 

How suggestive ! What a striking appeal to every 
loyal citizen of the Dominion! Above all else true 
Canadians long for freedom from the. curse of drink, 
for with the elimination of this monster evil, and the 
ravages of war, they can logically hope for a period 
of reconstruction more easily manipulated than that 
of the States south of their Provinces. 

In their strong appeals from press, pulpit and plat- 
form the methods and policies of our own beloved 
nation are often explained to show what can be 
accomplished by faith and prayer and intelligent co- 
operation, as well as by legislation and enforcement. 
One morning paper states that our new county sheriff 
begins his term of office without a single boarder; 
and what is true here is an oft-repeated tale through- 
out the State, and for that matter, over the entire 
country. Is it hard to guess the cause ? Ours is only 
a single unit in a great group that has for its slogan: 

Make the United States a Country to Love 

It is wonderful to think of our climatic conditions. 
How conducive to health, wealth and the pursuit of 
happiness ! What possibilities lie within our grasp ! 
We are on friendly terms with all nations and com- 
mercial relations are being constantly established and 
reestablished as the peoples of the earth, come to see 
that " peace on earth and good will toward men " 
must be the world policy if " His will is done on 
earth as in heaven." This establishes the doctrine of 
the " Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of 

Again, the almost ideal government under which 
we live enables us to hold out a challenge to every 
Christian in our great commonwealth: 

Make the Church a Place to Love 

Let the true worshiper now sing as of old — 
"I love thy church, O God; 
Her walls before thee stand, 
Dear as the apple of thine eye, 
And graven on thy hand." 

The church has no greater problems now than she 
grappled with in past generations. She has simply 
found a different way to solve them. Her policy is 
constructive, and every program she now puts on 
suggests a perpetual " Forward Movement " of a 
united, consecrated membership. Council meetings 
have assumed the form of small conventions, confer- 
ences and institutes in which the best methods are 
sought to make very real and practical the teachings 
of Christ and the Acts of the Apostles. 

Finally, and perhaps most fundamental, should be 
our New Year slogan : 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


Make Home a Place to Love 

I say fundamental, because I have the conviction 
that the true home lover will do the rest. The religion 
that is begotten and nourished in the Christian home 
not so easily affected by improper environment; 

change the problem and she is lost. The trained 
teacher is a slave, who enslaves others. There can 
be no education of free persons unless the teacher is 
educated. Of course we recognize that some folks 
become educated in spite of their teachers. But I 

parent to those who look squarely at the question. I 
feel a little hesitant to speak of this for the reason 
that it is rather out of line with anything which has 
been said on the subject, and because oi being loth 
to call attention to an unpleasant situation. I am 

and yet, on the other hand, easily conforms to the am making a plea for education. What is it to be sure that all our dear -brethren and sisters will share 

best because it is natural so to do. Some object to 

making New Year resolutions on the ground that 

they will be broken; but if a few, or only one good 

resolution, has had a good effect upon the life of the 

one making resolutions, or the lives of others, it has 


If the home circle has been broken, and most of 
them have, there still remains enough of the old home; 
its fond memories, the bed-time stories, the little 
prayers, the ever-cherished forms and faces of the 
loved of long ago to-lead those who remain to cast 
an upward glance to the " home over there " which 
our heavenly Father has made "a place to love." 

Peru, hid. — «— 

Training Vs. Education 


We train dogs, soldiers, and athletes— to perform 
specific commands with skill. In each case the com- 
mand comes from without; the plan is made by an- 
other, and the one trained is to obtain skill in the 
performance of the program planned by another. 

Education has another purpose. The educated 
person does not usually have much skill in anything, 
until he chooses a specific task, then he will soon 
surpass his trained competitor. But change the 
problem, and the trained person must go back to his 
master and get new training. The educated person 
can master the new problem because of his insight 
into the problem, his ability to think, his capacity for 
growth, his -habit of mastery, and his knowledge of 
means and ends. 

The cry is going iorth, " We want trained teachers 
—teachers that are trained in a pedagogy of every 
subject they teach. No teachers shall, hereafter, be 
allowed to teach any subject, such as history, arith- 
metic, grammar, or English, unless they have at least 
thirty hours' special training in the pedagogy of that 

educated? I like tire six statements given by President 
Butler of Columbia: 

1. To have a facile and exact use of the mother 

2. To have kind and gentle manners. 

3. To have true standards of feeling and apprecia- 

4. To have power to think. 

5. To be able to grow. 

6. To be able to do. 

If it is not included in these six statements, 1 would 
add : To be educated is to know the world in which 
we live, to know humanity, in its history, its ideals, 
its progress and failures. To be educated one must 
have a true philosophy of life, based upon the best 
attainable information, to be the heir of the social and 
spiritual inheritance of the race. To be educated is 
to be a free being — choosing one's aims of life because 
one has an inner vision and conviction of the True, 
the Good and the Beautiful. A liberal education 
makes one free. " Ye shall know the truth and the 
truth shall make you free." That plan of preparing 
teachers for our children that gives no time for the 
study and appreciation of truth, that has no time nor 
place for a philosophy of life, but merely trains per- 
sons in a prescribed program can not but degenerate 
into a formal, superficial, fossilized civilization. We 
need teachers who are creative, who are prophets 
rather than priests, who can inspire the pupil to be 
free, rather than enslave him by fixed habits trained 
by superficial teachers. 

We have the eternal problem of the priest and the 
prophet, the letter and the spirit, the formal and the 
vital, the legal against the spiritual, training against 

I am not opposed to training where the end is 
nothing more than skill in a specific task, 

this feeling. Nevertheless our reluctance should not 
cause us to turn aside from facing conditions as they 

At the risk of bringing matter some may think to be 
irrelevant to the subject, I wish to refer to the work 
of two other denominational bodies. This in order to 
bring what I have in mind. With no thought of 
criticism I refer to what is said of the "Disciples " 
under the head of " Church Goals " in the Messenger 
for Nov. 29. Our brother speaks of these people 
raising their annual per capita gifts from $2.95 to 
$5.00. He says: "It may be said of the Disciples 
church that "they have grown more rapidly in num- 
bers than any of the denominations. They have a 
denominationl loyalty that is commendable. . . . 
They have a mind to work and work together." I 
leave this quotation for the present. 

Just recently I spent a short time reading an Ad- 
vent periodical which chanced to be at hand. I am 
frank to make admission of being more favorably 
impressed with their earnestness, enthusiasm, methods, 
and their unity of effort than with the message as 
given in this paper. There was no mistaking the 
desire of each writer, which was to lead his readers 
to believe with all their hearts and souls that God had 
intrusted the writer's people with the message he 
wanted delivered to the world in a brief period of 
time; that those who reject this message are turning 
from their only hope of salvation. From cover to 
cover the publication was bristling with the Advent 
doctrine. There was no shrinking from declaring 
their faith in every particular. Many quotations were 
made from the writings of Mrs. White to prove that 
her prophecies have been and are being fulfilled. The 
statement was made that Sabbath-keepers were wor- 
shipping God in nearly every country and in 200 
languages. Once only did I notice any reference to 
financial support and this just incidentally. No ap- 

We need 
120 hours' work training for our stenographers to perform skilfully peals except for a full belief of their doctrines and 

for pushing them to the ends of the world. They 
do not seem to be hampered for the want of resources. 

subject. The college course of 

should be about ninety hours in training and about their shorthand and typewriting. We need training 
thirty hours in culture subjects. At present it has for accountants, and in most mechanical arts. But 
from eighteen to thirty hours in education and all let us not confuse training with education. 
the rest are culture subjects. We want trained 


There is a proposed law that is to be placed before 
our next legislature that is based upon the above idea. 
How nice it sounds! Trained teachers! They will 
know, by long and tedious training, just how to teach 
history, geography, algebra, and grammar. They will 
be as expert in handling these subjects as a trained 
animal is in Barnum's show. Fine! 

Well, let us look at this new proposed plan. We 
will not oppose it because it would mean the death 
of our Christian colleges. These could not possibly 
enlarge their educational departments to meet this 
need. Hence all teachers must be trained in State 

We will not oppose it because it would mean dou- 
bling the taxes of the State. For at present half our 
teachers get their education in church schools at no 
cost to the State. For the State to take over all this 
task means an enormous added expense to the State. 

But we will do the difficult thing— to oppose the 
whole philosophy of training where training is at the 
What should the teacher do 

teacher that spends no time to be educated, or better 
to educate herself, but spends all her energies to be 
a slave to another's program, can do no more than 
to enslave others— unless there is a revolution and the 
pupil becomes free. We train dogs, but we should 
educate persons. 

Our schools and colleges are already too full of the 
uneducated teachers. Most of these have some train- 
ing. Let us pray God for prophets, educators, men 
of vision, of personality, of dynamic who can inspire 
folks to seek and find their real birthright, to be sons 
of God, creators and coworkers with God in working 
out their destiny. All great teachers liberate the soul, 
teach persons, not things, and they inspire others be- 
cause they have been inspired. God give us educated 

McPherson, Kans. 

Why the Deficit? 


There has of late been a great deal said about the 
deficit ; our failure to contribute the money which has 

expense of education, vv nai miuuiu l,,c »*»*.» — t„ r „,- r A the nrnrram 

-teach subjects, or teach folks? What is the end of been thought necessary to forward the program 
the whole business, just intellectual acumen, or the 
development of life, character, and efficient citizen- 
ship? What is the end in view? Is the pupil to 
be trained like a dog, to perform specific tasks, or 
is he to be educated to be a free person, able to think, 
to grow, to create and achieve his own life in har- 
mony with his vision of God's plan for him? The 
trained teacher might skilfully train pupils— but she than money, 
can never educate them. The trained teacher can causes. 

., , u * There are other causes which 1 believe win ue <*p 

with skill manipulate a prescribed program, but 1 here are otner ca 

different departments of our church work. Various 
reasons have been assigned, such as short crops, low 
prices, a lack of interest on the part of some officials, 
the increased outlay of local churches incident to sup- 
porting pastors, and building more commodious and 
costly houses of worship. Lastly, it has been perti- 
nently suggested that we may be more short on grace 
Perhaps all these are contributing 

They stand alone as a church. No hint of unity in 
work with others. 

Here we have two denominations who are making 
their work felt in the world. They are growing 
churches. Aside from this they have some things 
we might well desire to possess in common with them. 
It is doubtless true that both " have a denominational 
loyalty." In their respective communions " they have 
a mind to work and work together." This means 
unity. These are great essentials. Shall I say we 
lack unity? Brethren and sisters, look at it as you 
may, we are not now a united people. We are drift- 
ing apart. We have been talking unity and the more 
we talk the less union we have. Why the deficit ? It 
is just here. Unless we have unity of sentiment 
appeals for money will to a great extent be in vain. 
We can look to none except our own membership to 
support our work. We must turn our faces toward 
that which will unite us. 

A great deal of talk has been given on church 
union. Ministers and laymen in great numbers have 
been enlisted in its favor. Division of sentiment in 
the churches has been deplored. Devotion to one's 
denomination, and emphasis on doctrines not com- 
monly held, run counter to popular thought. De- 
nominational loyalty is looked upon with disfavor. 
It stands in the way of union. Rather, we are ex- 
pected to write, preach, and talk for unity, of effort 
in Christian work as a whole. Sectarianism so-called, 
and narrow-mindedness are regarded as synonymous. 
All this and much more like it has gotten to be an old 
song. Many of our brethren have joined in the chorus. 
They have taken up this kind of talk. They have 
ached it ; they have written in favor of it and what 

(Continued on Page 42) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 

Was i aul Insane? 

[;■- i AR1 L, FLORA 

! om e ici IP "I ol being mad, by which 

lie meant a brain fevei brought on by his studious 
habits. I ,un inclined to think when I read some of 
his Epistles and compare them with accepted ideas 
and practices of today, that perhaps Festus was right. 
In the eleventh chapter of hirst Corinthian- he 
makes some statements that would hardly seem the 
product of a sound mind. He begins by telling us 
something about headship, i. e.. Christ is the Head 
of man, and man is the head of woman; then he 
branches off into some talk about it being a di lionor 
for a woman to pray or prophesy with her head un- 
veiled i Vmeri an Vcrsi n), that ii i> as much of a 
dishonor for her to do this, as it is for her to have 
her hair cut and her head shaved, and that she needs 
a sign of authority because of the angels. He then 
brings in a little lesson from nature and says that 
woman's long hair is nature's protest against an un- 
i/eiled woman approaching God in prayer. Her hair 
covers her head as a mantle, it is given her for a 

I had always taken this passage literally and thought 
that a woman should wear a veil during worship, 
but my learned friends tell me that from verse fifteen 
her hair is the veil and that no other is needed. This 
makes Paul say some strange things for a sane man. 
Notice verse five: "Every woman praying or 
prophesying with her head unveiled dishonoreth her 
head, for it is one and the same thing as if she were 
shaven." Now since the hair is the veil he says, if 
a woman has no hair on her head, it is just the same 
as though she had a .hair cut. In verse six he says: 
"If a woman is not veiled let her also be shorn";" 
or, since the hair is the veil, if a woman is bald. Jet 
her have a hair cut, if she has no hair let her have 
it cut off. In verse sixteen he tells us that neither 
he nor the church of God has any such custom. 

My contention is that the Apostle Paul — who wrote 
over one-half of the books of the New Testament — 
was insane. No person in his right mind would talk 
of removing hair from a head on which there was 
no hair: that would be too, absurd to consider for a 
moment. Then in the sixteenth verse: let us sup- 
pose that I am bishop of a church some distance 
away and cannot visit them as often as I would like. 
1 write them a letter which I think will help them 
in their Christian life. Among other things I write 
at length about a certain sin. telling them that they 
must not commit this sin, and then close by telling 
them that neither they nor any one else has been 
guilty of this sin. Would they not think me queer? 
Then the very fact that he was laboring under the 
hallucination that the Corinthian women were in the 
habit, or liable: to acquire the habit, of taking off their 
hair when they went to church or otherwise engaged 
in worship, is enough to convince me that he was 
insane. In that case we must throw away over half 
the hooks of the New Testament as the babblings of 
a disordered mind. 

Of course, if any are averse to locking so prominent 
and popular an apostle as Paul in the mad house, 
we can find a way to get good common sense from 
this passage as well as to harmonize another difficult 
saying of Paul with the customs of the church at that 
time. We can take it for granted that he meant just 
what he said in the first part of this passage, and that 
the fifteenth verse is an illustration from nature to 
clinch his point. Then we find that it is a shame for 
a woman to pray or prophesy without a veil on her 
head, at the same time implying that which has never 
been denied by thinking people until the present time, 
i. e., that it is a shame for a woman to have her hair 
cut or her head shaved, and that by so praying with 
her head unveiled she is not only dishonoring her 
own head, but also her husband and her Christ. He 
explains this in detail by saying that if a man prays 
with his hat on it is a dishonor to him and to Christ 
because Christ is the Head of man. Then he calls 
attention to the subordinate position of woman: a 
position which has been universally recognized since 

the fall of man only as it is has been changed in 
* hrist. id says, then, that since man is the head of 
woman, and she was created for him, she should have 
a sign of authority on her head because of the angels. 
Here is where she regains her equality with man. 
Notice that in the next two verses he explains this 
equality. In connection with this question of equality 
I would refer you to another of Paul's writings that 
seems strange to some under our modern customs ; 
and indeed, in the light of some other utterances by 
tins same writer. I refer to 1 Cor. 14: 34, 35. Paul 
here forbids women speaking in church. You will 
note that he here is engaged in the task of overcoming 
some practices that have been causing disorder in the 
Corinthian church. He tells them that women should 
keep quiet in the church and talk over these things 
with their husbands at home. In this same letter, 
then, he tells them how they may enter into this work 
on an equal footing with the men— through this sign 
of authority. In my Bible the cross reference from 
this verse points me to_ these verses in the eleventh 

Let us notice here another point: he calls this veil 
a sign of authority. This then could hardly mean 
any garment one might chance to place on the head. 
Certainly it could not mean the ordinary weather 
covering such as a hat, cap, or bonnet. A plain clothes 
policeman has a sign of authority. But not just any 
bright piece of tin will give him the right to do the 
work he must do. It is a special badge worn for that 
purpose, and no other, that is recognized. This sign 
of authority, then, is a veil worn for that purpose, 
and none other, and is so recognized. The text in 
the Greek bears this out. In the Authorized Version 
of the Bible we lose this distinction in words which 
is brought out so plainly in the American. You will 
notice that in the latter in verses four and fifteen we 
have the words " covered " and " covering." The 
Greek word, peribolian, thus translated, means mantle 
or covering; evidently a part of the clothing ordi- 
narily worn such as a hat or a cloak. In -verses 5, 
6, 7, and 13 we have " veiled " and " unveiled," from 
the Greek, katakalupto, meaning a veil ; a special 
article worn for a special purpose, probably as we 
see veils worn at funerals as a sign of mourning. 

Let us now notice the thirteenth to the fifteenth 
verses. Paul is here adopting the Master's custom 
of taking an illustration from nature. He says in 
effect : just look at nature ; she teaches you that 
woman ought to be veiled but man unveiled, for she 
has given woman long hair, but to man she has not 
given hair of such great length. And because of this 
we think it a disgrace for a man to have long hair. 
If it should happen that a man has long hair we would 
think that nature had dealt harshly with him, making 
him seem effeminate; On the other hand, if a woman 
has long hair we give her more honor. It is a glory 
to her; nature has given it to her for a mantle — a 
covering. It is not a veil, not a sign of authority, 
but a simple covering, part of her ordinary clothing 
for everyday wear. 

Then in the sixteenth verse he clinches his argu- 
ment to a church whose women were thus dishonor- 
ing their Christ: "We have no such custom "—as 
the sisters praying unveiled, neither do the other 

Isn't this plausible? Isn't it plain? Does it not 
make this fact so clear that it is undebatable, that 
if a sister appears unveiled in worship either public 
or private, she is making patent one of two facts: 
she is either openly confessing that she has come for 
some other purpose than to worship, giving public 
notice that she is not going to pray while there; or 
she is openly dishonoring her Lord who suffered so 
much that she might live. True worship should be 
the motive of all Christians in assembling together, 
but to openly put Christ to shame is a worse sin than 
that of the Jews who crucified him. We have had 
generations of teaching that they lacked. 

If we do not wish to' tell folks that we do not pray, 
let us wear our sign of authority. If we do not wish 
to believe in this, we will just have to mark Paul down 

as insane and cut out the fourteen books of the New 
Testament that he wrote, and then wonder all the 
rest of our lives how it was that a crazy man could 
accomplish so much in the spreading of the gospel 
of Christ. 

Carpenter, N. Dak. 

Is Tobacco Using a Sin? 


God made man just a little lower than the angels 
for his glory. He made man's spiritual being and 
the physicaMaws for his welfare. Can spiritual laws 
be broken without sin? Can physical laws be broken 
without sin, since God made both laws? 

Man may ignore God's physical laws because of 
custom, and he may break God's spiritual laws; but 
can he do either without sin? 

Is it not a sin to step deliberately over a high preci- 
pice in the face of the laws of gravity, to hurl yourself 
to death below? Is it not a sin to throw your body 
into a burning mass of flames to have the laws of 
fire destroy your life? Is it not a sin to throw your 
body before a speeding train in defiance of the laws 
of moving bodies? Is it not a sin to commit suicide 
with a dose of poison? Does it make any difference 
in the sin if you take a single dose or a number of 
doses when the effect is the same? 

There is only one question to be settled in the 
hearts of every fair-minded person. Is the habitual 
use of nicotine poison intended by God, or is it not? 
Animals will not touch it. A normal man or boy 
cannot use it without getting woefully sick the first 
time he smokes or chews tobacco. Does this prove 
that it is contrary to natural laws? Does this prove 
that a physical law has .been violated or does it not? 
If this does prove that God's natural law has been 
broken, does it not also prove that tobacco is a poison 
beyond question? 

Tobacco is a slow poison, from which there is no 
escape. That sooner or later the penalty must be 
paid, has been proven over and over again in hospitals 
and private practice. It has been proven that those 
who do not use tobacco do not die as readily from 
pneumonia, fevers, heart troubles, apoplexy and other 
diseases. Those who do use tobacco have neither the 
resistance to disease nor the power to pull through 
when sick. How can they, when the penalty must 
be paid for violating God's law? 

Reliable authorities claim that buzzards did not eat 
the bodies of men lying on the battlefield when these 
were the bodies of men who had been heavy tobacco 
users. Can you imagine why? Fellow Christian, is 
your body clean and holy? Is it fit for a temple of 
the Holy Ghost? Are you defiling it with tobacco? 
If so, are you not committing a sin and a crime? 
How about it? 

Lancaster, Pa. 

A Great Door 


We have all seen great and massive doors, doors 
which open into important places, doors which we 
like to enter, knowing there is something attractive 

Read with me these words: " For a great door and 
effectual is opened unto me, and there are many 

The door stands half open but near by are those 
things which keep us from entering, our adversaries, 
the things which work against us. 

How^will we treat them? They can not enter -with 
us and they will try to keep us from entering. We 
shall have to keep our eyes fixed upon the door, and, 
then these sins which beset us will slowdy slink away 
and we shall be free to enter and close the door after 
us. " The door through which the righteous shall 

"I am the door; by me if any man enter in he 
shall be saved." 

Harnsburg, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

Council of Promolic 

Our Vacation Schools 

We have urged much that reports be sent to the 
central office soon after schools close. We have 
received four reports in January after making up our 
totals. We are always glad to have reports, but why 
not send them sooner? We are inclined to think 
schools should not ask for the free enrollment cards 
when they will not send reports soon. These cards 
cost thirty-five cents per hundred, but we are glad 
to send them on condition that reports be sent at once. 
The 260 schools of 1924 (four sent late are not in- 
cluded) show a "falling off of nearly one hundred 
in number and of a loss of about 10,000 in enrollment. 
Last year 85 union schools were reported as against 
7 for 1924. 

These schools were held in 24~States or in 26 State 
Districts. Southern Ohio had the most schools. 
Salem church in Southern Ohio still takes the lead in 
enrollment with 286 enrolled. The meridian divid- 
ing the schools east and west is a few miles east of 
Indiana. Manchester territory had 50 schools; Mc- 
pherson 44 ; Bridgewater 35 ; Mt. Morris 29 ; Juniata 
26; La Verne 25; Daleville 23; Blue Ridge 14; Eliza- 
bethtown 14. Virginia -had 40 schools ; Pennsylvania 
40; Ohio 30; Indiana 17; Kansas 16; Illinois 14j. 
Maryland 14; West Virginia 13. The average length 
of term was ten and two-thirds days. There were 
278 paid teachers and workers and 1,457 volunteers. 
The offerings amounted to $1,721.14. The enrollment 
' shows 4,089 Beginners; 6,065 Primaries; 6,081 Jun- 
iors; and 3,458 above Junior age, making a total of 
19,693. The average attendance was 76)4%. There 
were 42.3% boys and 67.7% girls. One thousand 
three hundred forty-five of those in attendance had 
not been attendants of Sunday-school. Two thousand 
twelve homes were visited. 

'9-'t '9->3 

Ark.., First and S. E. Mo. 1 1 

Calif. North 9 11 

" S. and Ariz. 7 9 

Colo. Eastern 2 

" Western 

, Canada 1 

Ida. and W. Mont. 3 2 

111. N., and Wis. 12 18 

" South. 5 9 

Ind. Middle 9 11 

" North 5 6 

" South 3 5 

Iowa, Middle 5 8 

" No., Minn., S. D. 5 7 

" South 2 2 

Kans., N. E. 15 

" N. W. 1 5 

" S. E. 6 10 

Kans., S. W. 8 15 

Md., Eastern 6 10 

" Middle 6 ° 

" Western 2 

Mich. 3 2 

Mo., Middle ' 4 

" North 5 1 

Mo. South 2 

Nebr. 8 10 

N. C, S. C, Ga. and Fla. 3 

Ohio, N. E.. 7 5 

, " N. W. . 4 9 

'■' South 19. 28 

Okla. 3 3 

Oregon ' " 

Pennsylvania, East 11 10 

Middle 10 7 

South 3 4 

S. E., N. Y. 11 

Western 15 21 

Tenn. 2 

Texas and La. 
Va,, Eastern 
" First 

Va., Second 

West Va., First 
" " Sec. 


















Two of our China missionaries ask us to take $75 
out of their support for world-wide missions. While 
giving is no requirement of our missionaries for serv- 
ice, yet most all of them are tithers, more or less, of 
their meager supports. Some use it on the field in 
the great needs by which they are surrounded. Others 
feel to divide it with the world interests apart from 
their own needs, as those fibove mentioned. 

c. D. B. 

Mission Notes 

One of our China missionaries says: "We try to 
rule everything in prayer over here." This is a good 
place to test out our faith and plans in any country. 
The church in America would profit by it. 

November 29 there were 29 baptized at Vyara, 
India ; so writes Bro. Blough. The same day there 
were 400 present at the time of their love feast. This 
had all been preceded by a couple of weeks of Bible 

The missionaries in China report that the recent 
wars opened new doors for service. The natives 
knowing the missionaries were of a helpful spirit, 
came to them for advice and protection, which means 
opportunities for service. 

A brother and his wife have sent a liberal check for 
missions, which is the balance of their first year's ex- 
perience in tithing. They say they have been much 
blessed in the experience, and that some honest mathe- 
matics, plus a loving heart, has made for them some 
startling revelations of the Father's goodness ! 

Sister Baker writing from Ping Ting, China, tell:. 
of a remarkable case of healing, following the anoint- 
ing service, to a young Christian woman in the mis- 
sion. This girl now says she will serve the Lord with 

a new sense of his care and her obligation. How g 1 

the Lord is ; and whosoever will, may know. 

Brother H. Stover Kulp tells in a recent letter of 
how their station of Garkida has been transferred 
from the Province of Bornu to that of Yola. This 
was brought about by changing the line and not mov- 
ing the town. They are wondering just what effect 
this may have on their work, though they are hoping 
it has no significance concerning the mission. 

Just what children will be glad to do when encour- 
aged and directed is indicated by a recent report from 
the Royersford church, Pennsylvania. The corre- 
spondent says fhat " last year they averaged over $12 
to missions." What a blessing this means to tin , 
children, besides the great help to the work! But it 
will likely require a little planning and effort. 

Anetlier splendid report of the efforts of the chil- 
dren comes in by the way of a check from Sunnyside, 
Washington. The check is for $149.78 and is the 
profits from sums invested by the children last year. 
Such work will not only solve the problem of mission 
deficits; but it also develops the spirit of frugality 
and initiative in the young people, and saves them 
for church and nation as an asset and not a liability. 

One of our older missionaries in China reviewing 
the past year's work, says: " One of the biggest things 
in the past year was the taking over of the work of 
the mission more and more by the Chinese members. 
It is interesting to see the Chinese Christians working 
with the missionaries in a new sense of comradeship 
as a result of it." May the Lord lead them on to- 
gether into the fullness of the faith that cannot be 
shaken, and the fellowship that cannot be broken! 



Promptly ai 10:00 o'clock Saturday morning, Nov. 8, 
ilif gangplank to the "Samaria" was taken in and the 
linli;t and Africa parties waved good-bye to the friends 
and relatives who had come to sec them off. Especially 
•lid Mil' members ol the parties appreciate the fact that our 
Board Secretary, Bro: Bonsack, had come to New York 
to he with them al that time. Every one stood on deck 
as 1 • him' as the people could be seen and then waited until 
the Statue of Liberty was past before going to the cabin 
in read the steamer letters and open the packages sent 
by. friends. Some relayed the steamer letters so that they 
could he read al various intervals during the voyage, and 
others hungrily devoured them the first day. Ai all events 
they wen- greatly appreciated as were the chocolate mints 
with which Bro. Bonsack sweetened the outgoing ones. 

The next day the "Samaria" called a) Boston, the last 
chance to mail letters in the States, and the opportunity 
was seized. A number <>f the party received shore permits 
and attempted in see "The Hub City" in a couple of 
hours. It was her.' thai two missionary ladies embarked 
and the '•nun* that were sung to them made a send-off 
which those of our parly who heard felt included them. 
Vmong the passengers there was a family of missionaries 
from Labrador returning to England. A great many of 
Hi.' other passengers win- English people who had spent 
the slimmer in tin- United Stales. One was heard to say 
thai he had spent the season "in the West, around Phila- 
delphia." The two link' boys <>f the party, Junior Mallott 

and Jasper Garner, were almost inseparable companions 
and had long hours of play together on the decks and 
inside. The older ones sat around in the deck chairs 
reading, writing, simply resting, or playing some of the 

invigorating deck g is One day when a peculiar motion 

of the vessel could he noticed, one of the party was 
noticed to stop in the midsl of a game of "shuffle hoard" 
and lean over the rail, "giving bountifully of all she 
pO .id," Three or four others decided that the bed 
was to he preferred t0 tin' table <>n several occasions. The 
well-equipped gymnasium gave opportunity of " keeping 
fit." The sunset ami moonlight on the water were partic- 
ularly beautiful. The -.alt air jjives one an appetite 
10 thai the many meals served on an English ship were 
appreciated. The sail water baths gave a glow of health 
to the body. Each evening after dinner the party met in 
th, lleckinan room (as il was the largest) and had a 
prayer meeting togCflier. We usually stayed for a visit 
ami spent many social hours together. One of the most 
pleasant memories of the trip will be the association of 
these two groups Tor the ten days until the separation in 
England. The greatest regret was that the Beahms could 
HOl In' along on this trip to share in the fellowship and be 
the delightful companions that they know so well how 
to be. 

ill,,' of the most impressive incidents of the voyage was 
the ship'- observance <>f "Armistice Day" or "Remem- 
brance Day," as it is called by the British. Shortly before 
Ikilil A, M, the officers lined up on the aft deck facing 
the captain on the bridge, the Hag at half mast. The 
engines were stopped and the ship was allowed to drift 
without a pilot while two minutes of reverent silence were 
,,l, erved throughout the ship. Fortunately the effect was 
,,,,! marred by any s,,rt of speech. Through my mind ran 
that phrase of Lincoln's "That these dead shall not have 
did in vain." During these two minutes the "Samaria" 
drifted far out of her course. No wonder that so many 
ships on Life's ocean become wrecked without the Great 

The voyage had been very warm and pleasant for 
November, hut we began to notice the cold as we neared 
England. On landing at Liverpool there was custom in- 
fection to go through with and then we had a day to 
transact necessary business, shop, and see as much of the 
city as possible. There was rejoicing that the city was 
in the midst of the Christmas display for we had thought 
that we would mi - thai atmosphere. To go shopping 
with money that one could not count was a new experience 
I,, sonic. When we were eating one of_thc experienced 

remarked, "Order steak if you want to. for tin"- i< 

,...,,,- lasl chance for i I (teak for a long time." 

All loo soon on il"' aftern E Nov. 18, the time came 

E or the separation of the group into two parts, each soon 
(Continued on Page 44) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


The Pastor's Challenge 


How interesting it is to listen to the business men 
of our circle as they discuss the new year and its 
program, and especially how very suggestive their 
desires for improvements. How they study their 
various lines to discover every possibility for im- 
provement; some of them are even employing ex- 
perts to assist in this insistent chase after improve- 
ments in methods as well as in returns. 

What a splendid challenge to us as pastors and 
ministers! If our ministry is to really help these 
same eager men and the many other men and women 
who are to be touched by it we certainly need to 
reckon with this thought of improvement. We need 
to think much about it and to devote much prayer 
toward that end. We simply must do so, for not 
only our own progress, but that of our people depends 
largely on this progrcssiveness of the Christian minis- 
try. I grant you that this sounds a bit egotistical but 
it is in perfect keeping not only with the teachings 
of the Word of God, but also in keeping with the 
practical laws of spiritual experience. This state- 
ment is based on the assumption that the spiritual 
interests of life should dominate all of the other 
interests: that the Christian ministry occupies a place 
of first importance in the field of spiritual thought 
and endeavor. 

It may seem a little difficult to decide just where 
improvements are most needed, but certainly there are 
certain outstanding angles of interest that should 
challenge each of us. A moment's reflection on the 
life of our Christ would suggest that our first im- 
provement should be made in the interest of personal 
consecration. " And he went up into the mountain 
apart to pray," was by no means an accident with 
the Master. It was without question a means to 
an end and should set every pastor and minister to 
thinking very seriously. I have noticed that invari- 
ably the insurance man. when in your association, 
sets you to thinking in terms of insurance ; the Delco 
representative simply can not stay away from his line, 
and if you are expecting the school teacher to talk- 
without touching his field incessantly you will meet 
with disappointment. Then, if you will do a little 
thinking, you will admit that Christ injected the great 
spiritual truths of life into every experience of his 
life. By all means we need as members of the church 
to make some definite progress this year in genuine 
personal spirituality, for only by such progress shall 
we be able to lift as we live. 

Again, it seems very natural as we think of the idea 
of progress that we should consider our preaching, 
since preaching is a big part of our business. But 
what does improvement in our preaching involve? 
Our merchant is constantly adding some new brand 
of food to his grocery list; but as a matter of fact 
it is just an old staple food put up in a new and 
usually more attractive form. It is quite evident that 
our people not only need but actually want to hear 
the staple gospel truths as they apply to the daily 
experiences of practical life. They can get current 
events, or political statistics, or stock quotations, from 
their reading tables or hear such things discussed at 
every turn in their daily business life ; but when they 
come at the close of the week they have a legitimate 
right to hear that which will nourish their souls. Our 
business is to make improvement in good gospel 
preaching. This means much study of the Book of 
books and a constant study of the problems of life 
in the world about us. We are not preaching to the 
Galatians, but to live wire Americans. We are under 
a solemn obligation to be just as well informed as 
the doctor, the lawyer, or the legislator. In fact, 
our obligation is much greater in the light of our 
mission in the world. 

There is room for a diversity of opinions when 
it comes to the third angle of progress in this present 

discussion ; but it seems quite certain to me that we 
must make progress along the line of faithfulness 
to the little details of every day life if the year be- 
fore us is to count largely for Christ. If Jesus was 
skilled in any one art above another, it was in the 
fine art of fitting into the common daily experiences 
of life. He was always keenly alert to the little needs 
and perplexities of daily life and graciously sought 
to fill them. He did not wait until he was called 
either, but in many instances took the initiative in 
the matter of lending a helping hand. It is quite true 
that our people need a certain amount of gospel 
preaching, but before and after this need is the need 
of a helping hand in the common toils and problems 
of life. At this point every pastor and minister has 
a rare opportunity. If we are to be equal to the 
opportunity we must set our faces ,to the task of 
watchful faithfulness. It is at this very point that 
many of the commercial concerns of our land are 
centering special attention. If they are doing so much 
to improve in their treatment of the public, what 
should be our attitude as ministers of the Christian 
faith? Certainly it should be quite evident that each 
of us needs to study himself, his people, and his 
Christ in a very honest effort to make all the im- 
provement possible in the work of the year into which 
we have just entered. 
Daleville, Virginia. 

The Pastors' Association 


The office of pastor was arranged with the estab- 
lishment of the church. In Eph. 4: 11 Paul says 
" some pastors." It is only recently that our church 
has seriously recognized the office. Pastoral work 
has been done. Much more might have been done 
had time and opportunity been afforded. We thank 
God for what has been done. 

During the past twenty-five years the pastoral func- 
tion and office has been brought to the foreground. 
In 1892 so far as the writer knows he was one of 
three pastors in the Brotherhood. There may have 
been others, but if so, their work has not been brought 
to our attention. Today all that has changed. It will 
probably be only a few years until most of our grow- 
ing churches are thus supplied with pastors. In- 
creasingly men are preparing for the work and are 
being set aside by the church for that task. 

This means that increasingly the teaching and or- 
ganizing function of the congregation will center in 
the pastor as a recognized leader of the congregation. 

This new alignment of influence creates many 
problems that are new to us. The moment that a 
pastor assumes the responsibility of his position he 
faces a situation for which neither our present church 
organization nor the preparation of our ministers is 
fully adequate. 

The purpose of the Pastors' Association which was 
organized at the Hershey Conference in 1924 is to 
deal with these problems, bringing to bear on them 
the united experience and wisdom of all of the pastors 
of the church. In a multitude of counselors there is 
wisdom. Out of a free exchange of experience and 
information we may hope ultimately to achieve a 
greater uniformity of doctrine, polity, and general 
church activity than now exists. 

The constitution of the Pastors' Association is very 
brief and is as follows: 

NAME: The name of this association shall be the 
Pastoral Association of the Church of the Brethren. 

OBJECT: The object of this association shall be to 
promote the Kingdom of God through the pastoral office 
and relations in the Church of the Brethren. 

MEMBERSHIP: (a) The membership shall be regular 
and honorary, (b) Any pastor in the Church of the 
Brethren on full or part time may be a regular member, 
(c) Any minister of the Church of the Brethren may be 
an honorary member, (d) Only regular members may 
vote. Any member of the association regular or honorary 
is eligible to hold office, (e) All members of Ministerial 
Boards shall be cx-ofncio members of the association. 

OFFICERS: The officers of the association shall be 
Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and Secretary-Treasurer. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE: The Executive Commit- 
tee shall be composed of the officers of the association 
and the Chairman of the General Ministerial Board. 

DUTIES OF OFFICERS: The duties of officers shall 
be those that regularly belong to such officers. The 
Executive Committee shall arrange for all public meet- 
ings and programs. 

MEETINGS: There shall be one general meeting an- 
nually at the time and place of Annual Conference, the 
details of which shall be arranged by the Executive Com- 
mittee. Regional meetings may be called by District Min- 
isterial Boards. 

FINANCES: The work of the association shall be 
financed by voluntary contributions, and when so decided 
by the association, by a membership fee. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS: Rules and regulations 
may be amended and modified as necessity may require, 
at any regular meeting. 

NOTE: This constitution was adopted by unanimous 
vote of about 125 ministers and pastors at Hershey, Pa- 
June 0, 1924. F F _ Holsopple. Chairman. 

H. S. Hartsough, Vice-Chairman. 
H. H. Helman, Sec'y-Treas. 

Hagerstown, Md. 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 

Study No. 9. — Steadfastness in Prayer 

"And he spake a parable unto them to the end that 
they ought always to pray, and not to faint; saying, There 
was in a city a judge, who feared not God, and regarded 
not man: and there was a widow in that .city; and she 
came oft unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adver- 
sary. And he would not for a while: but afterwards he 
said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard 
man; yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge 
her, lest she wear me out by her continual coming. And 
the Lord said, Hear what the unrighteous judge saith. 
And shall not God avenge his elect, that cry to him day 
and night, and yet he is longsuffering over them? I say 
unto you, that he will avenge them speedily. Neverthe- 
less, when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith 
on the earth" (Luke 18: 1-8)? 

(1) "To pray," proseuchesihai, from proseuchomai, 
to offer prayers, to pray. It is restricted to prayer to • 

(2) The Parable. In verse 1, Jesus states the point 
of rhe_ parable. And~ the point is : Men ought always 
to pray and not to faint, i. e., not to despair, lose 
heart, or give up. And let it be remembered now that 
we dare not extract or lift out any interpretation from 
the parable which will not be in keeping zvith verse 

Verses 2-5 contain the first phase of the parable, 
the phase illustrating the point stated in verse one. 
The widow came oft to the judge, to be avenged of 
her adversary. Adversary, devil, and Satan are the 
English, Greek, and Hebrew for the same thing. The 
judge at first paid no attention to her, but the widow 
went day by day to the judge. Her repeated appear- 
ances finally gained attention and consideration. 

The widow's actions finally became a bore to the 
judge. He is represented as talking to himself, not 
audibly in this instance. It is all right to talk to one's 
self. It is not a sign of weakmindedness — it's what 
you talk that becomes indicative. The best talk the 
prodigal son ever had, was the talk he had with him- 
self when he was away -off yonder with the hogs. 
The judge said : This thing of her continual coming 
is wearing me out, verse 5, R. V. I am becoming 
tired ; it's making me sick. " This widow troubleth 
me." So he punished the widow's adversary, to free 
himself from the annoyance. 

The Point of the Parable. Following the principles 
for the interpretation of parables as set forth in the 
former study* it will be noted that the two things 
between which there is an expressed likeness are the 
widow and the disciples. And (2) that likeness or 
similarity is : Not losing heart, despairing or fainting. 

The widow did not lose heart, and relative to 
prayer and the Christian life, you disciples should not 
lose heart. When it comes to steadfastness in prayer, 
keep your eye on the widow. The thought is that of 
not losing heart or despairing in the prayer life, 
rather than perseverance in prayer for some particular 

thing, (Continued on Page 42) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 




Sometimes I wish that 1 might do 

Just one grand deed and die, 
And by that one grand deed reach up 

To meet God in the sky. 
But such is not thy way, O God, 

Not such is thy decree;. 
But deed by deed, and tear by tear, 

Our souls must climb to thee, 
As climbed the only Son of God 

From manger unto Cross; 
Who learned through tears and bloody sweat, 

To count this world but loss; 
Who left the virgin mother's arms 

To seek those arms of shame, 
Outstretched upon the lonely hill 

To which the darkness came. 
As deed by deed, and tear by tear, 

He climbed up to the height, 
Each deed a splendid deed, each fear 

A jewel shining bright, 
So, grant us, Lord, the patient heart, 

To climb the upward way, 
Until we stand upon the height, 
And see the perfect day. 

— G. A. Studdert-Kennedy. 

Homeless Children 

No. 23— Boisterous Billy 

"What do we do when we teach the child? 
We take the nature, untamed and wild 
And mold it into a life serene, 
With a heart and will and judgment clean; 
We make the man who is undcfiled, 
When we teach, as we ought, a wayward child." 

Jim and Jennie had lived and worked together on 
the farm for many years, happy together, but there 
had been no children in the home. The parental in- 
stinct which so often is kept in the background of 
the thoughts and lives during the early married years 
was being awakened anew in Jim. 

One day when Jim returned from a trip to the city 
he brought an eight year old boy with him, whose 
mother had long been dead and whose father had 
lately died, leaving Billy to the tender mercies of an 
indifferent community. 

Jennie was unused to children and was especially 
prejudiced against unruly boys, so was far from 
pleased when she saw Billy in the buggy with Jim. 
Jim tied the horses and left Billy in the buggy while 
he went to the house to explain to Jennie. He had 
scarcely left the buggy when Billy hit the horses with 
the whip, causing them to break loose and Jim had 
a hard time to prevent a general smashup. After the 
horses were safely stabled, Jim again started to the 
house leaving Billy in the yard. He at once began 
to amuse himself by swinging the kittens by their 
tails, and as a big -turkey gobbler strutted by Billy 
grabbed at him,, pulling out enough feathers to ruin 
the appearance of the fine bird. When peace was 
finally established Jim began to plead for Billy to 
stay. " He's neither smart nor handsome but he is 
so very human that he grips my heart. I've always 
wanted a boy and here's our chance." 

"If you don't hitch up and take that boy back to 
town I'll — " Here Billy interrupted her by throwing 
himself upon the floor and began to kick and scream. 
" You said she was a lady. You said I'd have fried 
chicken for supper." Jim lifted the boy from the 
floor so gently that he quieted down at once. " Jennie, 
his body is covered with sores. u " Sores ! What kind 
of sores?" "They are partly due to impure blood, 
I'm sure, and Billy says they are from whippings 
and beatings from a cruel father." 

Jim took Billy to the bath room, gave him a gentle, 
thorough bath, then put peroxide of hydrogen on 
the worst sores. Though it hurt very much, Billy did 
not cry, because Jim was so kind and gentle with him. 
He then dressed him in clean clothes he had bought 
for the purpose, making of him a different looking 

boy entirely. Jennie in the meantime got their supper 
of fried chicken as promised, but was too provoked 
to sit down to eat with them. 

As they were eating Jim said; "Now, Billy, you 
are clean on the outside, and good food will heal up 
the sores, but you've got some unclean words and 
actions from the inside of you that we must get rid 
of, too. You know I don't like bad words or bad 
actions, so you try not to do the things I dislike, 
won't you, Billy? " 

After supper Billy was put into a clean bed fur the 
first time in his recollection. Jim then sat down and 
pulling Jennie upon his lap they talked it over to- 
gether. " Isn't it true, Jennie, that if I had brought 
home a sick dog or cat, and if I got pleasure from 
caring for it, you would accept it, and be glad for 
my sake? Jennie, you have done the Bible reading 
and church going for both of us all these years, but 
I can't forget that he said, ' Whosoever receiveth 
one such little child in my name, receiveth me.' Billy 
is a very dear boy once you get to understand him." 
Jennie finally consented to give him a trial and as 
her attitude changed toward the boy, his generous 
nature opened toward her. But it was a long, hard, 
tedious task to bear with his conduct while he was 
getting a new vision of life. Of course Jennie wanted 
Billy to go to Sunday-school the very first Sunday. 
Billy wouldn't go unless Jim went too, and thus began 
the regular attendance of the whole family, 

Gradually the monotony of the lonely life Jim and 
Jennie had been leading, changed into a happy home 
life for all of them. As Billy learned to do certain 
chores and later to help with the farm work, be 
became an important member of the family, and 
Jennie learned to love him as much as did Jim. None 
who learned to know him in later years ever sus- 
pected what Jim and Jennie had had to bear to get 
him started right. 

Through Billy's influence Jim decided to do what 
he long knew to be his duty, and both Jim and Billy 
were received into church fellowship. 

No longer does Jennie do the Bible reading for the 
family but each does his part in the making of an 
ideal Christian home. 

"What do wc do when wc teach the child? 
We plant the truth in the undcfiled, 
Our Lord and Master says freedom makes—* 
Through knowledge, true wisdom come; it takes 
Its place, and dominates passions wild; 
We've saved the man, when we've saved the child." 

at intervals, laughing and crying — of Victor Hugo's 
Jean Valjean or Tennyson's Enoch Arden. 

A certain good brother in my church must work in 
the factory for a living. But the plane of his life is 
high. He loves good and beautiful thoughts. Each 
evening he spends an hour or more reading. By the 
few books that I have had the pleasure to loan him, I 
can say with certain knowledge that his mental diet is 
not light. Thus, by a couple hours' reading each even- 
ing he fills his mental " hopper," and then the next day, 
while his hands are busied with his task, he runs the 
"grist" through his mental "mill"; an educational 
and spiritual program of very high order! 

The things of the mind and the spirit must be made 
popular. They must be the talk of the common man, 
however he may make his living. When culture be- 
comes the interest of the privileged few it is dead. 
If our sermons are to be most effective, the hearers 
must be so interested in them that they will preach 
them over the weeks following their delivery. Some- 
times it is hinted that our fathers discoursed at length 
on themes of secondary importance. (If this is the 
first thing we see, as we regard the past, it shows us to 
be immensely more " secondary " than they.) But this 
one thing they did, they got their subject matter talked 
about in the homes, fields and shops of the community 
— a result in which we hardly measure up to them. 

If we as pastors and teachers are to make the values 
of spirituality and truth loved and talked and lived by 
the men and women of the work-a-day world, apart 
from mercenary motives, we too must keep ourselves 
clear from the money motive. Our interest in the 
things of culture must be forever divorced from mone- 
tary considerations. 

By the educational and ministerial arrangement we 
are now setting up, our church is saying to her pastors 
and teachers, " We will take care of your bread and 
butter problem. You do not need to worry about that. 
We want you to center your whole heart and mind 
continuously on the things of the Spirit, and then make 
them plain to us." We must be on our guard lest we 
turn right back to material considerations, in the form 
of place, pay, recognition. We are supported that we 
may give our whole lives to the ministry of the Word. 
We are to " live and move and have our being " there. 
This is our part of the contract. And we shall be able 
to keep it only at the price of extreme vigilance and 

North Manchester, Ind. 

Cedar Rapids, Iozva. 

The Mercenary Motive 


The following remark was made about an A. B. 
graduate who is living on a farm: " Yes, he graduat- 
ed from college, but he is not using his education." 
As if to use an education, one must realize cash on it, 
must get out of it the stuff for an animal existence ! If 
this be the standard of usefulness then babies and 
friends and churches are the most useless encum- 
brance. But these things, which the money test rates 
low, are our most priceless possessions. 

The money standard always turns things awry. 
From the temple worship of Jesus' day to the modern 
baseball diamond, every human interest and activity 
which is commercialized is ruined. It takes spiritual- 
ity out of worship ; it takes sport out of the game. It 
is the Midas-touch, with a reversed direction. Its very 
contact is debasing. 

The finest intellectual and spiritual life is often 
found among men and women whose interest in the 
things of culture is in no way connected with their 

One of the highest points in all my ministry was 
reached on a Sunday afternoon in California when I 
walked along an irrigation ditch bank and listened to 
a farmer talk about Greek verbs, history, theology, and 
quote gems of poetry. 

I have a vivid memory of mother and her sister. 
They are washing dishes, patching overalls, darning 
socks, plying broom and mop, the while talking— and 

Sunday Excursions 


Preachers and church workers have long deplored 
the frequency of trips to places of interest on Sunday, 
but there is a type of Sunday excursion much more 
dangerous to Christianity. It is the Dr. Jekyll and 
Mr. Hyde type; the individual in his worst self dur- 
ing the week and his best self on Sunday. The Sun- 
day religious service is attended, as a kind of peace 
offering to appease the conscience; it is a convenient 
business arrangement in which, if conscience will quit 
bothering, Mr.' Hyde will appear as Dr. Jekyll at 
church. For this excursionist the worship period is 
only an emotional stimulus. During a brief interval 
he is carried away up into the clouds on the wings 
of his imagination and feels as though he is not such a 
bad fellow after all. But this exaltation of soul does 
not " carry over " into private, daily living: The 
Monday cares of this life choke out the good Sunday 
impulses. Thus, while the good within him finds 
greater and greater emotional expression on Sunday, 
the bad part of his nature becomes worse on the other 
days of the week. Since most of the time he is not 
in a religious meeting, the Devil gets the lion's -hare- 
of his time, and may in the end be victorious. We all 
have a tendency to go on excursions of this kind, and 
too many of them will probably have a disastrous 
effect on our character. We need emotional stimulus ; 
but we also need constructive thinking and continuous 
practice to keep fit spiritually. 

Cambridge, Nebr, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


Calendar for Sunday, January 18 

Sunday-school Lesion, The Lord's Supper.— Luke 22 : 14- 

Christian Workers* Meeting, Helpful Bible Passages.— 
Psa. 119:11, 105. * * * * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Runimel church, Pa. 

Two additions to the Middletown church, Ohio. 

Two baptisms in the South St. Joseph church, Mo. 

Nineteen baptisms in the Independence church, Kans. 

Sixteen baptisms in the Rockwood church, Pa..— Bro. L. 
S. Kncpper. the elder, in charge. 

One convert in the Belmont church, Va.,— Bro. W. H. 
Zigler, of Chltrchvillc, Va., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the West Branch church, 111.,— Bro S. 
Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the Smithfield church, Pa.,— Bro. A. C. 
Miller, of Roaring Spring, Pa., evangelist, 

One addition to the Union church, Ind.,— Bro. Geo. 
Sherck, of Middlebury, Intl., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Reedley church, Calif.,— Bro. C. 
Ernest Davis, of Modesto, Calif., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Brookville church, Ohio— Robert 
Miller, North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Turkey congregation, Ind.,— Bro. 
Win. Buckley, of Dayton, Ohio, evangelist. 

One baptism in the Woodland Village church, Mich.,— 
Bro. E. F. Caslow, Woodland, Mich., evangelist. 

Nine baptisms in the Topcka church, Kans.,— Bro. O. H. 
Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans., evangelists. 

Three baptisms in the Wakarusa church, Ind..— Bro. J. 
Edsou Ulcry, of North Manchester, Ind., evangelist. 

Nine were baptized and one reclaimed in the Knob Creek 
church, Ten n.,— Bro. O. W. Miller, of Broadway, Va., evan- 

Seven were baptized and one reclaimed in the Lima 
church, Ohio— Bro. Wm. E. Obcrholser, the pastor, in 
charge. * * ,j, ^ 

Our Evangelists 

Will you ihare the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. John Wieand, of Alvada, Ohio, is in the Green- 
spring church, Ohio. 

Bro. G. E. Weaver, the pastor, to begin Jan. 13 at the 
Nanty Glo church, Pa. 

Bro. J. O. Streeter, of Chewelah, Wash., to begin Jan. 
18 in the Wentachee church, Wash. 

Bro. H. M. Coppock, of Tippecanoe City, Ohio, began 
Jan. 8 in the Middletown church, Ohio. 

Bro. John R. Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa,, to begin 
March 1 at Staunton, Va. ; Feb. 1 at Grand Rapids, Mich. 
* * * * 
Personal Mention 

Sister D. L. Miller is in the Southland again for the win- 
ter and her address is accordingly changed from Mount 
Morris, 111., to Scbrtng, Fla. • 

Texas and Louisiana has chosen Eld. W. J. -Horner as 
Standing Committee delegate to the next Conference, 
with Eld. A. A. Sutter as alternate. 

Eld. John Sherfy, of Mont Ida, Kans., according to word 
received at the Publishing House, passed on to his reward 
Jan. 9 as a result of a stroke of apoplexy. 

Bro. I. J. Gibson, 329 Summit St., Fostoria, Ohio, where 
he is serving as pastor, will be available for one evan- 
gelistic meeting between Feb. 1 and Aug. 31. 

Bro. D. B. Eby and wife, of Olympia, Wash., celebrated 
their golden wedding anniversary on the last day of 
1924. Will you join us in wishing them "many happy 
returns "! 

Bro. Thomas Templeton, 24 E. Fifth St., Hutchinson, 
Kans., informs us that he will be available for revival 
meetings after March 1 and .for a pastoral engagement 
about June 1. 

Sister Linnie Toney, Boston, Ind., is now giving her en- 
tire time to' evangelistic work and churches wishing her 
services as song leader are invited to confer with her. 
She still has some time open between March 1 and the 
1925 Conference. 

An interested friend writes to tell us that Sister Etta 
Helman is now available as song leader for churches, 
evangelists or mission workers who may desire her serv- 
ices. Since the tragic death of her husband she is 
dependent on her own activities for her support, and her 
friend and sister in Christ is anxious that her talent be used 
in the interest of the Kingdom rather than in secular work. 
She has been engaged in evangelistic singing for several 

years. For engagements address her at 501 S. Wall St., 
Covington, Ohio. 

Bro. Van B. Wright is now laboring with the East Day- 
ton church, Ohio. His address is 129 S. Philadelphia St.. 
Dayton, and he wishes to learn of any who ought to have 
the fostering care of the church but do not. See his com- 
munication on page 46 of this issue. 

Bro. J. Lloyd Nedrow, R. 2, Johnstown, Pa., will be avail- 
able for evangelistic work or a pastoral engagement after 
May 1. His present charge feels unable to provide pas- 
toral support for the coming year. Though preferring a 
full time pastorate he will consider an arrangement in 
-which part time service and teaching school are combined. 
From Bro. Jerome E. Blough, of Johnstown, Pa., we 
learn of the illness of his mother, Sister Sally Blough, who 
on last Christmas reached the age -of ninety years. She 
has been confined to her bed for more than five weeks and 
her advanced age and physical weakness make the out- 
come uncertain. Among her children is our India mis- 
sionary J. M. Blough. 

Dr. C. C. Ellis of Juniata College was scheduled for three- 
addresses at Mount Morris College on each of the three 
•days, Jan. 13, 14 and 15. It's Bible Institute week there. 
Jan. 12 was the day for the meeting of Ministerial Group 
No. 2. Among the speakers for this occasion were Pastors 
H. H. Helman, J. S. Flory and S. S. Blough, of Elgin, Na- 
perville and Sterling, 111., respectively. 

On the front page of a certain church paper there ap- 
peared these words: "The church will grow as the pub- 
lishing house grows. Every general and local interest 
is leaning upon it. Pray for it, uphold it, use its pub- 
lications, and make a generous offering toward the liquida- 
tion of its debt." Our church publishing house does not 
need a generous offering in money, for it is making money ; 
but the publishing interest at Elgin should have an inter- 
est in your prayers and your constructive support. 

Do you forget about the many shut-ins? We have a. 
touching communication concerning another of these af- 
flicted and faithful ones in the person of Sister Dove- 
Stevens of the Knob Creek church, Tenn. For seventeen 
years she has not known an hour free from pain and now 
reclines on a cot as helpless as a little babe. She does not 
complain nor do those who bear the burden of minis- 
tering to her for they say they are abundantly repaid in 
the inspiration they receive. She especially appreciates the 
fellowship of the brethren and sistersjyvho come to visit 
her and worship with her. Let us remember the afflicted 
ones at the throne of intercession. 

Miscellaneous Items 

The statistical report of the 1924 Vacation Bible Schools 
will be found on page 37 of this issue. 

The meeting of the executive board of the Committee of 

Arrangements for General Conference has been changed 
from Jan. 16 to Monday, Jan. 19. — W. Carl Rarick, Muncie f 

The Pleasant View church, Ray Co., Mo,, is looking 
for a pastor to begin work sometime between May 15 
and August 1. If interested address John H. Mason, R. Z; 
Norborne, Mo. 

"Each day is a golden opportunity made up of 24 hours 
of possibilities, and each hour has 60 minutes, and each 
moment is a diamond of itself. And how much we can 
do with this time; how much of comfort and cheer we can 
bring into other lives I " said Bro. B. C. Whitmore in his 
New Year's message in the "Community Herald." 

V V V "V 

A Bystander's Notes 

What a Pastor Likes. — In a new year's greeting sent 
out by a well-known western pastor we note that this 
particular pastor likes the community and congregation 
he serves, that he finds his coworkers to be a congenial 
group to work with, that he likes the loyalty of the younger 
people and the faithfulness of the older ones, and that he 
even likes the system of church finances in use because it 
is very generally and heartily supported by the member- 
ship. Of course, one hardly needs to be told that a pas- 
tor who is looking for things to appreciate also loves his 
good wife and fine family. Now what a pastor likes 
helps to deteiwnine what a congregation likes; and so far as 
this is true, a pastor's spirit of appreciation and confidence 
should 3waken a spirit of mutual good will, and this in 
turn can open wide the doors to success. 

Russet Oranges and Doctrines. — There are some things 
that taste better than they look; the russet orange from 
Florida is an example. At least those who seem to know 
say that russet oranges are as good, perhaps even better, 
than many of the clear-skinned varieties raised in that 
State. But the main difficulty with the russet orange is 
to get people to try it. The ultimate consumer judges 
by looks, unless he happens to be in a position to know 
just what are the comparative merits of the different 
kinds of oranges that he may buy. To educate the con- 
sumer to appreciate the inner goodness of russet oranges 
the Florida growers are now shipping family boxes of 
assorted oranges — some russets and some bright-skinned 

■oranges in each box. It is hoped that in this way the 
-.ultimate consumer can be made to see by actual compari- 
.son that russet oranges are fully as good, perhaps even 
ibetter, than many clear-skinned oranges. There are 
some church doctrines that resemble russet oranges in 
that their intrinsic merit is only evident to those who 
""taste and see." And the russet doctrines, like the rus- 
set oranges, will languish if those who know their inner 
■worth are not as ingenious and persistent as the Florida 
■orange growers in, helping others to make the practical 
tests that vindicate the russet type, whether it be an 
orange or a doctrine. 

The Gospel of Appreciation. — No gospel is- more needed 
(today than the gospel of appreciation. The sense of values, 
itihe insight to see the good that lies beneath the exterior, 
the confidence to stake reputation upon the cultivation of 
apparently barren soil, the patience to labor for fruit long 
deferred, the "hope that sees a shining ray far down the 
future's broadening way, " the courage to speak the good 
word when prejudice runs riot, are the vital elements that 
•enter into living and preaching the gospel of appreciation. 
The spirit of depreciation is forever striving against the 
spirit of appreciation. Race prejudice fattens on de- 
preciation. The white man depreciates the black man, the 
yellow man and the red man. Religious bigotry kills ap- 
preciation and kindles the fires of hatred between Catholic 
and Protestant, Jew and Gentile. National pride too often 
(expresses itself in the vilification and persecution of men 
and women bold enough to preach the gospel of apprecia- 
tion in behalf of other nations. It is not easy to live and 
preach the gospel of appreciation and consistently to ex- 
press a sympathetic estimate of people and things re- 
garded as worthless or vicious by the official appraisers. It' 
was at this point that Jesus broke with the creators of pub- 
lic opinion in his day. He saw the latent possibilities for 
igood in fhe dregs of society. In his appraisement the 
Magdalenes were not wholly bad, the poor were not hope- 
lessly lost, the heathen were not congenitally inferior. 
With modest courage he spoke the good word in behalf 
of all such, and consequently found himself the victim 
■of a mob that would have killed him had he not escaped 
out of their hands. His greatest interpreter, Paul, the man 
•who gloried in his call to preach the gospel to the despised 
^Gentiles, followed the Master heroically in bis warm spirit 
of appreciation. His generous judgments of Greeks and 
barbarians bear eloquent testimony to the catholicity- of 
his spirit and the breadth of bis sympathy. But it was his 
■insistence on living and preaching the gospel of apprecia- 
tion that finally made him the prisoner of Rome through 
the instigation of his own countrymen, who hated every- 
thing non-Jewish. Yet in prison he found the opportunity 
to write down in imperishable words his vision of a new 
humanity "where there cannot be Greek and Jew, cir- 
cumcision and uncircumcison, barbarian, Scythian, bond- 
man, freeman; but Christ is all and in all." The revival 
.of this spirit of appreciation and the preaching of the 
.gospel of appreciation must come before the church can 
Set very far toward the conquest of the world for Christ. 
The bad news contained in antipathies must give place to 
the good news expressed in sympathies, the Holy Spirit 
of love and magnanimity must drive out the unclean spirit 
■of hatred and narrowness, the selfishness of isolation must 
he overcome by the altruism of association. These are not 
rsimply academic phrases serving to fill a paragraph. They 
-are symbols of the vital truth that the gospel of apprecia- 
tion rests upon a spiritual foundation and calls for a heroic 
abandonment to the support of the principle that only by 
sympathetic study and friendly contact in a spirit of good- 
will can we hope to share with Jesus in his courage to ap- 
praise the people according to eternal values. We are 
glad to give our readers this fine statement of the case 
for the gospel of appreciation just as it appeared in one 
of our valued exchanges. 

♦ ♦ * ♦ 
Books You Ought to Know 

Any booh reviewed in these columns may be obtained from the 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 

"What Ails Our Youth." A great many people are 
certain that there is something wrong with young peo- 
ple but not a few satisfy themselves with saying, "They 
are not what they used to be." That may be a bit satis- 
fying to the one who says it but it does not get at the 
problem. There is no end of magazine articles and books 
on this subject but I have not read anything since the 
" Challenge of Youth " appeared a little over a year ago, 
which gets at the situation like the book, "What Ails Our 
Youth, " by Coe, $1.25. The author is not content with 
negative criticism. He attempts to discover why young 
people are as they are. He very correctly reasons that 
old and young must work together toward the solution of 
the problem. The titles of the chapters give an indication 
of the content of the book: What Has Happened to Our 
Young People; What Ails Education; When is a Youth 
Well Educated; Why Does Not Religion Supply the Miss- 
ing Factor ; What Shall We Do With Our Critical Youth ; 
and an epilogue, Must Religion Grow Old? If you can 
read only one book on this subject read this one. 

C. H. S. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


To Fish or Not to Fish 

Boston has scored another triumph which would seem to 
back up her ancient claim to being the intellectual hub 
of the United States. Indeed, Boston astuteness seems to 
have filtered down through the various classes until even 
the fishermen are wiser in their generation than those 
produced elsewhere. Boston fishermen who now put out 
to ply their trade off the Massachusetts coast have 
equipped their schooners with radio receiving sets. They 
tune' in on the market reports and when fish quotations 
are "right" they pull up their trawls and head for the 
market. Some other producers are not so conveniently 
situated. ; 

Total Eclipse of the Sun January 24 

The first of the four eclipses for the year 1925 will be a 
total eclipse of the sun on January 24. The path of the 
total eclipse shadow will be less than 200 miles wide. It 
will begin in the Province of Manitoba and pass over 
portions of each of the Great Lakes. It will touch such 
points as Duluth, Minn., Hamilton, Ontario, Buffalo, N. Y., 
New York City, New Haven, Conn., and end far out in 
the Atlantic Ocean. As a partial eclipse it will be visible 
over a much wider territory. The largest batteries of 
telescopes and other instruments will be centered in 
Connecticut where the chances for fair weather are the 
best and-- where the eclipse will also be of longer dura- 
tion than farther west. 

The Simple Life at Washington 

Many "Messenger" readers who may not have seen 
the item will doubtless be interested in the following bit 
of news from Washington: "President Coolidge put his 
foot down today on suggestions for an inaugural recep- 
tion. He doesn't object to a ball held in connection with 
the inauguration provided he does not have to attend. 
The President believes that those who live to dance should 
be permitted to do so, but he doesn't care for dancing 
and consequently will not attend any balls where he might 
be expected to participate in that pastime." 


Suggestions for Hip 

Sugar From the Dahlia 

The dahlia is not particularly fragrant ; and yet, there is 
a sense in which it may be considered one of the sweetest 
of flowers. This is all because the dahlia is a prime pro- 
ducer of levulose. Amongst the many plants which store 
up levulose as a reserve carbohydrate are the dahlia and 
the Jerusalem artichoke, both of which are capable of 
producing from ten to twenty tons of tubers per acre^ 
Now levulose is one of the sweetest and most nutritious 
members of the sugar group. It is the ten to fourteen per 
cent of levulose that the dahlia contains that makes it 
one of the sweetest of flowers in the sense that the roots 
of the dahlia offer a new, cheap and easily acquired sugar 


Hotels and Hospitality 
The spirit of the innkeeper who took in and cared for 
the wounded man brought by the good Samaritan is a 
spirit that stands the acid test of twentieth century con- 
ditions. Hotels may be tall, fully equipped, and the rates 
moderate, but they can not succeed without the true spirit 
of hospitality. A noted hotel manager in addressing the Il- 
linois Hotel Association has said as much, and then he adds : 
"The hospitality that embraces the kindly little atten- 
tions to" guests, however important their names may be 
on the register, is the one big thing that contributes to the 
lasting success of a hotel. And, too, the fellow who goes 
out of his way in a hotel to make a guest happy and wel- 
come can't help feeling just a bit more worth while him- 
self. " 

Smoke and the Laundry Bill 
The Smoke Abatement Commission places the yearly 
economic loss to Chicago due to coal smoke at $42,500,000. 
A study of conditions in eleven large cities in the United 
States indicates that Chicago is doubtless our smokiest 
city, even surpassing Pittsburgh which has the reputation 
of living up to its name of " The Smoky City. " One 
phase of the study covered the laundry business in the 
various cities. This tabulation showed that the average 
laundry bill, considering population, is higher in Chicago 
than in any other city studied. The more than forty mil- 
lion dollar loss to Chicago takes no account of the effects 
of the smoke nuisance on health, and these effects are 
certainly not lightly to be considered even if they can 
not be expressed in dollars and cents. 

Keeping the Eighteenth Amendment 

The National Citizens' Committee of One Thousand for 
Law Enforcement has presented to President Coolidge 
and plans to present by special committees to the gover- 
nor of each State a series of resolutions calling for the 
support of the Eighteenth Amendment "by precept and 
personal example." The point of the resolutions is con- 
tained in the following statement: "The Citizens' Conr- 
mittee of One Thousand, in its annual meeting, does here- 
by respectfully request the President of the United States 
and the governors of the several States to specially urge 
upon all such officers of every rank and classification, ap- 
pointive or elective, to join them by precept and per- 
sonal example, and so far as they may, by active par- 
ticipation in all administrative efforts, in maintaining 
among the citizens of our Republic the high determina- 
tion to obey and to enforce the law of the land. The peo- 
ple expect of their officials an unwavering loyalty to their 
oaths of office with respect to a question so vital to the 
maintenance of our institutions." 

Facts About Tornadoes 

A scientist of the weather bureau has made a study of 
tornadoes covering a period of eight years. In that time 
752 tornadoes have visited the United States, an average of 
ninety-four per year. Arkansas has had the most torna- 
does in the period studied for this one State has seventy- 
six to her credit. The other States on the honor roll are 
Kansas, Texas, Iowa, Missouri and Oklahoma in the order 
named. The loss from tornadoes has averaged about $8,- 
000,000 per year for the eight year period beginning in 
1916. Illinois has been the heaviest loser in money for 
her loss has run pretty close to one million dollars per 
year. Indiana is the next highest loser on the dollars and 
cents basis; Minnesota and Iowa take third and fourth 

Lake Michigan's Influence on Climate 

The average man knows that the eastern shore of Lake 
Michigan must have a much more equable climate than the 
western shore. He knows this because Michigan is 
for various fruits that are not grown commercially on the 
western shore of the lake. Now the scientist tells us 
that this difference in climate is all a matter of the di- 
rection of prevailing winds across a large body of water. 
Since the prevailing winds cross Lake Michigan from 
west to east, and since during winter the cooled surface 
water sinks to be replaced by the lighter warmer water 
beneath as long as the supply lasts, it follows that the 
lake tempers the cold western winds in winter before they 
get to Michigan. The result is a milder climate on the 
eastern shore of the lake than is found on the western 


First Woman Governor 

To Wyoming goes the distinction of having the first 
woman governor. On Jan. 5 with Spartan-like simplicity, 
Mrs. Nellie Taylor Ross formally took over her duties as 
governor of the State. Mrs. Ross' election to the office 
in the November elections followed a swift turn of events 
brought about by the death of her husband, the late 
Governor William B. Ross, during a speaking campaign 
in which he was urging certain tax measures as the out- 
standing features o_f his announced legislative program. 
The oath of office was administered to Mrs. Ross by Chief 
Justice C. N. Potter, of the Wyoming Supreme Court, one 
of the men who on Sept. 30, 1889, drafted the clause grant- 
ing equal rights to the women of the State. Since her 
election Mrs. Ross has worked hard on the budget recom- 
mendations she expects to make to the legislature when 
it convenes. She is exhibiting a spirit of high-minded de- 
votion to the interests of Wyoming that might well be fol- 
lowed by the governors of some other States. 

Washington Foreign Missions Conferenc« 

The Washington Foreign Missions Conference promises 
to be the greatest interdenominational missionary gather- 
ing held in the United States during the past twenty-five 
years. Preceding conferences like it were held in London 
in 1888, in New York in 1900, and the World Missionary 
Conference in Edinburgh in 1910. The meeting will be held 
in the new Washington Auditorium. On the opening day 
Jan. 28, President Coolidge will address the conference. 
The purposes of the meeting are set forth as follows: 
"The Foreign Missions Convention is being promoted by 
Christian leaders throughout Canada and the United 
States who are deeply conscious of an immense opportu- 
nity. They believe with heart and soul that the Gospel 
of Christ in its fullness of authority should be preached 
to all men everywhere and expressed in deed and word, 
and they assemble therefore to review the whole exist- 
ing situation in its many bearings to ascertain what is 
here and now the duty of the church at home to the rest 
of mankind. It is time that such a gathering should be ar- 
ranged. Not for a quarter of a century has there as- 
sembled such a council of missions on this side of the 
Atlantic. In 1900 the Ecumenical Conference was held 
in New York. It is 15 years since the now historic World 
Missionary Conference met in Edinburgh. And those 15 
years have included historic changes like the great World 
War; the fall of the caliphate; the capture of Jerusalem; 
the rise of the Gandhist movement in India; and the es- 
tablishment of republics in China, in Turkey and in Ger- 
many, and the Soviet rule in Russia. It is amidst these 
changes with their direct and often deplorable effects on 
the mind of the various races that missionaries throughout 
the world are steadfastly laboring to reveal the love of 
Christ. No body of men and women has ever had to face 

"Give Ear to My Words; Lead Me in Thy 
Righteousness " 

Psalm 5 

For Week Beginning January 25, 1,925 

I. CRY FOR HEARING. Vs. 1-3. The psalmist hungers 
and thirsts after God with all the intensity which threaten- 
ing danger inspires (Job 23:3; Psa. 42: 1, 2; 84:2). These 
longings and outcries are but the "birth pangs" of two vital 
elements in prayer: 

(1) The conviction that God hears: "In the morning 
thou shalt hear my voice" (Isa. 65:24; Dan. 9:21-23; John 
6:37; Heb, 11:6). 

(2) The resolution to pray daily: " In the morning will 
I direct [order] my prayer unto thee. " After troubled 
days and nights Jacob began to resolve upon certain 
habits of giving and worship (Gen. 28:20-22). Amid 
stormy days in Babylon Daniel persists in abstinence and 
prayer (Dan. 1 : 8 ; 6 : 10). Do I harvest such fruit from my 

"And will look up"; or, better: "watch." For what? 
God's answer! Let us do more of this (1 Kings 18:41-44)1 

II. SIN SEPARATES FROM GOD. Vs. 4-6. Those who 
love God and practice righteousness know that God and his 
universe are on their side (Rom. 8:28, 32; I Cor. 3:21- 
23). Sin reverses all this. God is an enemy. His universe 
is unfriendly. A "creeping paralysis" of fear lays hold 
upon them (Psa. 15:1-5; 66:18; Prov. 28:9; Isa. 33:14-18; 
Zech. 7:11-13). 

III. THE APPROACH TO GOD. V. 7. Therefore every 

approach to God must be accompanied by self-examina- 
tion and repentance. When the psalmist thinks of the - 
sins that separate from God, it is not with self-righteous 
pride but with becoming humility. What preserves his 
humility? Here are the conditions of acceptable wor- 
ship : 

(1) "Not my goodness, but the multitude of thy lov- 
ingkiudness opens the way into thy presence." "While 
the wicked are excluded from Jehovah's presence by their 
own act (vs. 4-6); the righteous are admitted by Jehovah's 
grace" (v. 7a; Psa. 69: 13-16). 

(2) Let fear, reverent awe, demean us in his presence! 
"In thy presence will I worship [prostrate myself] to- 
ward thy holy temple" (Psa. 2:11; Heb. 12:28 and 29; 
Luke 18.10-14), 

IV. PRAYER FOR GUIDANCE. Vs. 8, 9. The Chris- 
tian's best defense is the way of God. Open the book of 
your past life : what gives peace and safety like the 
consciousness that you have walked in his way! In 
times of labor, danger and suffering this thought is a 
"city of refuge" to which Jesus is continually returning 
(John 4:34; 8:28, 29; 17:4, 12; 19:30). 

"In thy righteousness," i. e., "faithfulness" (Psa. 143: 
1). He would find refuge from faithless man in a faithful 
God, Is my faith in God weakened or strengthened by 
the faithlessness of man? 

MIES. V. 10. Certainly a Christian could not pray this 
prayer: "Hold them guilty, O God," etc. But let it be 
noted: this prayer (v. 10.) reveals a social attitude which 
thoroughly harmonizes with the psalmist's spiritual ideals 
(vs. 4-6). Let God's will be fact! "Thou hatest all work- 
ers of iniquity" (v. 5b); therefore "let them be cast out 
in the multitude of their transgressions" (v. 10)! A 
Christian, obedient to the deeper meaning of this prayer, 
must pray: "Thou hatest iniquity, but lovest the workers 
of it ; therefore send me, even as my Savior, to serve and 
suffer and save them!" Our social attitudes must con- 
form to our spiritual ideals. 

psalm ends with a pasan of fellowship and joy. We are 
in his presence; protected, blessed, favored! We will trust, 
love and rejoice in him! 


"Guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me 
to glory. " 

"Thou wilt show me the path of life: in thy presence is 
fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for- 
ever more ! " R. H. M. 

problems of so infinite a complexity. The Washington 
Convention will approach these problems with an equip- 
ment of knowledge, of experience and of hand-to-hand 
contacts with humanity's needs to which no other as- 
semblage, not even the League of Nations meeting at 
Geneva, can pretend. Diplomacy deals with states; mis- 
sions touch and transform lives." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 

Why the Deficit? 

(Continued from Page 35) 

is worse they have drifted toward it. They have 
sought union with others, and as a result have lost it 
in our own fraternity. It is the same kind of unity 
which caused division in the Jewish church in the days 
of Elijah. It is the wrong kind. 

Brethren, you can never unite our membership by 
preaching unity with other denominations. If you 
persist you may do it. but it will cost too dear. The 
only way it can be done is to lead our people to dis- 
believe and turn from the principles our church has 
stood for these 200 years. Your own children and 
young people must lose faith in the church as we 
have known it. They must conclude that there is little 
essential difference between us and the other churches 
before they can relish this unity doctrine. This is just 
what many have done, and the effect is felt in all parts 
of our Brotherhood. There is a slackness, disregard, 
and neglect in teaching the principles for which the 
church stands. In this respect the message of our 
ministry is losing its force and power. To a large 
part of our membership it does not have the right 
ring, being, as it is, too much tainted with popular 
themes. Instead of being concerned as was Paul with 
upholding "all the counsel of God," many show a 
tendency to " hear and tell some new thing," in theol- 
ogy, in methods, or some kind of reform work. An 
explicit, straightforward, and clear-cut defense of the 
doctrines of the church, has become a rarity in many 
of our pulpits; and, may I say, in our church paper. 
It is doubtful if a very considerable number of the 
young brethren being trained for the ministry could 
make such defense if they should choose to do so. 
Their thought and study are concerned along other 
lines. They are interested in other things. 

My brethren, will you allow me to say that in all 
this there is nothing new. It is an old, old story: 
God's people being won over by surrounding influ- 
ences. It is but a reiteration of accounts in nearly 
all the books of the Old Testament. The same condi- 
tions are mentioned and warnings given in the mes- 
sages to the seven churches. It is a condition which 
has made a great part of the history of the church 
down through the ages. 

We need money to carry forward the work of the 
church, but money is not all of it. The schools need 
money, and strong appeals are made. It will take 
more than appeals. It will not satisfy to talk of the 
" atmosphere " of the school. This is a question of 
effect, and must show in the output or product. It 
must show in the lives of the young people who at- 
tend, and in what they stand for after graduation. 
Let our schoolmen one and all, make it unmistakably 
clear that they stand first, last and all the time for the 
principles of the church, and that they think more of 
these principles than they do of their schools, and they 
will have a wider patronage and support. In view of 
their receiving a share of the collections this would 
help reduce the deficit. 

Brethren, let us have more unity: let us get closer 
together. But what is far better is to get closer to 
God and his Word. The Holy Spirit will lead us 
there. Any unity which does not have this in view is 
not worthy of the name, and the Holy Spirit is not 
in the leading. With his leading and on this basis 
only, should we wish to unite with others. If other 
denominations are in possession of any gospel truth 
not accepted by our church let us by all means make 
it our own. At the same time let us not slacken in 
teaching what they have not accepted. If their teach- 
ing and practice meet the requirements of the Word 
of God we should go with them. In this case it is 
useless to maintain a separate organization. If it 
does not. why should we act and talk as if we thought 
so ? It will do little good to stress missions and 
stewardship unless we hold to the gospel message. 
" But that which ye have already hold fast till I come " 
(Rev. 2: 25). "Behold, I come quickly: hold that 
fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown " 
(Rev. 3: 11). So says the glorified Son of God. 

Will we heed his admonition? 
remove our candlestick. 
Omak, Wash. 

If not, he surely will 


Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 

(Continued from Page 38) 

The expressed likeness as stated above is further 
confirmed by associating the word " continual," in 
verse 5 with the word " always " in verse one. Also 
" oft " in verse 3. 

In a word, then, Jesus said : Always pray and never 
despair. Look at the widow and take your lesson. 
She never lost heart; and you disciples should not 
lose heart in your prayer life. Jesus always illustrates 
by parable what he teaches abstractly. 

Some folks make the judge here to stand for God, 
or, seemingly, can not avoid doing so. This gets 
them into trouble. The judge would poorly represent 
God in verses 2-5. God, in answering our prayers, 
does not grant our petitions because we are a bore to 
him. This is not the point. The judge will come 
in later. 

" And the Lord said, Hear what the unrighteous 
judge saith. And shall not God avenge his elect, 
that cry to him day and night, and yet he is longsuf- 
fering over them? I say unto you he will avenge 
them speedily" (verses 6-8a). Here we have the 
second phase of the parable. This phase complements 
the first. The disciples are taught to be steadfast 
in prayer. And, doubtless, as an incentive and an 
encouragement to their steadfastness, he teaches them 
that God will avenge the elect. Here we have another 
expressed likeness between two entities, viz., venge- 
ance, and that between God and the judge. Here is 
where the judge comes in, and represents God. In 
verse 6, Jesus said : " Hear what the unrighteous judge 
saith." - Yes, in verse 5 the judge said : " I will avenge 
her," Jesus continues, " and shall not God avenge his 
elect that cry unto him day and night?" In the 
matter of vengeance God is like the judge. 

The judge avenges the widow. 

God will avenge his elect. Vengeance belongs to 
God, Rom. 12: 19. 

Summarizing, we have: 

(1) The widow did not despair or lose heart. The 
disciples ought not to despair— in their prayer-life. 

(2) The judge avenged the widow. God will 
avenge his elect. 

The former teaches steadfastness in prayer; the 
latter is an incentive and an encouragment to stead- 
fastness. The former is the human phase, the latter, 
the divine phase; two expressed likenesses comple- 
menting each other. 

Relative to verse 8b: This clause must be read in 
the light of verse one. That this clause should be 
considered in the light of verses 1-5, is suggested by 
the word " nevertheless " (plcn, a Greek adverb, gen- 
erally with an adversative use). "Nevertheless" is 
called for here because of the additional thought on 
vengeance. It goes back over the thought on venge- 
ance to the first idea of the parable, or steadfastness 
in prayer. 

When Jesus comes shall he find " The Faith " (mar- 
gin) on the earth? Yes, if the disciples, from Jesus' 
day and onward, do not lose heart; no, if they do. 
So it depends. Men ought always to pray. What 
have you and I decided about our prayer life? We 
believe that Jesus will find the faith on the earth, but 
the burning question is: Will you and I be among 
the faithful? 

" The Faith," doubtless, is used in contrast to " the 
New Windsor, Md. 

All things with which we deal preach to us. What 
is a farm but a mute gospel ? The chaff and the 
wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun — 
it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring 
to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes 
in the fields.— Emerson. 


By an oversight this meeting has not been previously 
reported. A brief report is yet in place to be just to 
all parties concerned. 

The meeting was held in the Pleasant View house of 
the Chestnut Grove congregation, Fayette County, W. 
Va., July 30-Aug. 1, 1924. 

On Wednesday, July 30, at 8 P. M., the first session 
was held. On Thursday there were morning, afternoon, 
and night sessions with splendid addresses by various 
speakers of the District on the general conference theme: 
"Stewardship of Life." 

The stewardship of childhood and youth, of talent, of 
time, and of possessions, was ably discussed at the various 
sessions. Fine interest was manifested by both the speak- 
ers and the audience and we were all made to feel a deeper 
impression .of our responsibility to our God and to our 

On Friday, Aug. 1, at 9: 30 A. M., we assembled for the 
conference business session, which lasted until about 2:00 
P. M. The meeting was presided over by the following 
officers: C. S. Ikenberry, moderator; C. D. Hylton, read- 
ing clerk; and J. S. Zigler, writing clerk. The business 
of the meeting was for the most part, routine matter and 
was disposed of in a pleasant way. 

.Delegates to Standing Committee, Annual Conference 
are: C. S. Ikenberry, Levi Garst; alternates: J. S. Zigler, 
C. D. Hylton. 

The meeting put itself on record a-s standing in support 
of the great program of prohibition. Also as standing 
against the idea of the proposed Mobilization Day be- 
cause of its tendency to encourage the spirit of war, with 
an appeal to the President that he discourage and dismiss 
this idea, so that our interests, from an angle of construc- 
tive cooperation, may be carefully protected and encour- 

All enjoyed the meeting, both hosts and guests alike. 
This Pleasant View church is situated in a mining and 
agricultural section of West Virginia and is almost two 
hundred miles from the main body of the churches of 
the District. It enjoys a lively membership and good 
Sunday-school under the leadership of Bro. E. L. Clower, 
as elder. This church is included in the First District 
of Virginia because of convenience in geographical loca- 
tion and railway connection. 

Sister Mary E. Martin, of Mt. Airy, Md., was with us 
as a visitor. We had the pleasure of hearing one ad- 
dress from her. j s. Zigler. 

Selma, Va. . ♦ . 


In the " Messenger " for December 20 we find on page 
820 an adverse criticism of the editorial department of 
this paper, which many have perhaps read with interest — 
some sympathetically and some otherwise. 

Now I do not wish to go into an extended argument 
but would like to say a few words in appreciation of our 
management at Elgin. We on the outside of the office 
cannot undeBstand the problems from the viewpoint of 
those on the inside and must therefore exercise Christian 
courtesy in all these things. 

Personally, I am well pleased with the " Messenger" as 
it is now edited and as far as a ".censorship " is concerned 
I do not think there is any difference between the present 
management and that of former years. I remember an 
article which I wrote then.. It was published all right but 
there was one statement, which when it appeared had 
been so " censored " that it was twisted around and made 
to say the opposite of what I intended. Now I felt- a 
little chagrined at the time but later as I became inti- 
mately acquainted with the editor and he told me so 
much of his work as editor of the " Messenger," I came to 
see more clearly the reason for the so-called " censor- 
ship." My paper had merit but to have published as I 
had written it would have been a loss because that one 
statement would have spoiled the influence of the whole 

No, I do not believe our pastors and educators are 
catering to popularity. They would not stay in the Breth- 
ren Church if that were their goal for any of our leaders 
could unite with other denominations with greatly in- 
creased salaries and with broader fields of influence if they 
cared to sacrifice the principles of the church. We have 
had a few who have followed this course. 

Personally, I feel that the whole state of misunderstand- 
ing on the part of some of our brethren is in the matter 
of emphasis. Twenty years ago when I became ac- 
quainted with the Church of the Brethren, much of the 
discussion in the "Messenger" was concerning the mat- 
ter of form. It was necessary to know and understand the 
underlying principles of those things which would endure. 
Out of this discussion our church has settled upon dis- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


tinctive teachings and as these teachings have become 
fixed as a, part of its formal life many of our leaders have 
passed on in their interests to other movements which 
concern the church and which are just as fundamental as 
those former interests. 

Naturally the next step is church expansion. The for- 
mer generations laid the foundations. We must build 
upon them. We as a church must unitedly get behind 
our General Mission Board instead of blocking its prog- 
ress by our distrust, suspicions and indifference. They are 
men of God chosen by the Church through the Holy Spirit. 
Surely we ought to trust them with the distribution of 
■our gifts — if not, who then? 

Another matter which is now receiving emphasis is that 
of Stewardship. In former -times great emphasis was 
placed upon obedience to the " plain commands of the 
Scripture," yet the commands which dealt with Steward- 
ship were scarcely mentioned so that a lot of us grew 
up in ignorance of the fact that we were robbing God. 
I am glad of this new emphasis. It is a sign that we 
are getting back to the apostolic church. 

Again^ I say that I appreciate the work of our editors. 
I am sure if they should give their work over to some 
of us, we would make a "mess" of it in less than six 
weeks' time. Let's spend our time in "boosting" instead 
of " knocking " and all will do better and all will be 
happier. A. M. Stout. 

Orbisonia, Pa. 


Arcadia is the name of a much alive and forward mov- 
ing rural church in our District of Southern Indiana. To 
take a retrospect of only a year or two even, is to bring 
to view a situation there different from now, and not so 
gratifying. But a little over a year ago a new trend in 
events began with the location of an able and animated 
leader, Eld. Isaac B. Wike, of Huntington, Ind. He is 
the pastor and overseer of the Arcadia church. 

In the last year noteworthy progress has been made. 
More emphasis has been placed upon the big and pre- 
eminently vital matters of church life and extension. The 
members are better bound together by love and they 
have become excellent cooperators. As an instance of 
improvement, there has been an attendance gain of 36 per 
cent and an offering gain of 46 per cent in the Sunday- 

The Macedonian call received by the writer was worded: 
■' Come over to Arcadia and help us." And they were 
in a state of readiness for the protracted effort when 
he arrived on Nov. 25. Frorq the very start everything 
seemed to work together for good, and it may have been 
the most successful evangelistic campaign of the number 
with which he has been connected as evangelist. The 
happy outcome was made possible because the church 
was ready, and ready because it has a good pastor in 
Bro. Wike. 

* The music director was Sister Linnie Toney, of Bos- 
ton, Ind. She had served them in the same capacity 
several times before, and her return on this occasion also 
betokened a good outcome. She is a devoted sister and 
possesses abounding enthusiasm. Her heart is in her 
work and she sings and leads admirably. The congre- 
gational singing was sometimes interspersed with special 
numbers, and each evening there were two numbers ren- 
dered by a large chorus. And sometimes there would be 
the addition of a junior chorus, directed by Sister Grace 

A well received chapel service was conducted at the 
high school, and visits were made to people in their homes 
and in their places of business. Their response in attend- 
ance was very good indeed. The Spirit was outpoured in 
the mee'ings and the absorbing town and community 
topic of conversation was the big revival on at the Church 
of the Brethren. 

An outstanding delightful result was that thirty-eight 
precious souls were added to the church and gave them- 
selves gladly to be faithful followers of the Lord Jesus 

Baptism was administered in the church's new baptistry 
on the concluding day, which was Sunday, Dec. 14. That 
day the pastor had the services and administered the 
baptisms, while the evangelist was where he had previous- 
ly promised to be, back in his pulpit at Muncie. 

Eld. James H. -Hill and wife are an aged" couple there 
whom everybody holds in high esteem. The hospitality 
and good will they extend is of the finest kind, as the 
writer can assert out of an experimental knowledge. They 
are prosperous spiritually and financially, and they are 
good and faithful servants of the Lord. 

There is undoubtedly a good future for the Arcadia 
church. There are many young people developing into 
workers. So the church is, to use another's phraseology, 
"an incubator church." It already has the lead in that 
community, and the field appears to be an exceptionally 
good one for our Church of the Brethren. 

Arcadia, the town, has a population of about eighteen 
hundred. It is a nice appearing town with a prosperous 
farming country round about. The remodeled and com- 

modious meetinghouse and the adjoining well-kept ceme- 
tery are out from the east edge of the town about a 
quarter of a mile, with a sidewalk all the way. It is 
the place autumn's District Conference of Southern 
Indiana. R alph G , R aj i c k. 
Muncie, Ind. . ^ , 


A letter from Vyara tells about the institute held there 
for their workers. It is as follows: 

At many of the stations an institute is held yearly for the work- 
ers. We who have spent some years in teaching know what benefits 
were derived from the county as well as the local institutes which 
we were permitted to attend. It was during these meetings that 
we received new life and inspiration for our work. Just as we were 
blessed at those meetings so our workers here arc blessed as they 
meet together for several weeks to feast on the good things which 
the Lord has to give them through his servants. We know the 
teachers and supervisors of the schools have received much in- 
spiration from the institute which was held during the last two 

In order to accommodate the workers and their families from 
the villages booths were erected which may have heen somewhat 
similar to those used by the children of Israel. The greater part 
of the material used in erecting these houses was Job's tears grass. 
Not only the families came, but they brought with them their beds, 
bedding, cooking vessels and even some brought their buffaloes. 
During the institute four classes were held daily for the men 
and women besides special classes for the boys and girls of the 
boarding schools. There was also a regular service in the evening 
at which time Bro. Govindji and others delivered some very prac- 
tical sermons. The classes for the men and women were in charge 
of Bro. Blough, who gave lessons on the Holy Spirit and Philip- 
pians; Bro. Govindji on the Psalms, and Pastor Jivanjibhai on Acts. 
Two Bible classes were held daily for the girls besides a class in 
missions. The mission work of our own church was considered 
in the latter class. One afternoon the workers* children had a 
program all their own. 

At the close of the institute a love feast was held which was 
attended by many of the people from the villages as well as those 
from the station. Bro. Govindji officiated. Previous to the love 
feast twenty -nine were received into the church by baptism, nine 
of whom were boys from the boarding school and the remainder 
representatives from six different villages. 

Pray for the workers as they continue their work, and for Brother 
and Sister Blough and others who are out on the firing line during 
the touring season. 

Sister Wolf left here this morning for Vyara where 
she is to work for some time in the future. Her cheery 
disposition will be missed by those who live in this com- 
munity. But our loss is Vyara's gain. Our p'raycrs go 
with her in this new field of labor. 

Sister Swartz continues about the same. She was much 
better and stronger during the latter days of last week 
and earlier part of this but had high fever again yes- 
terday. (This is written Dec. 4.) Continue to remember 
her. J, E. Wagoner. 

Bulsar, India. •-»-. 

Cleveland Ohio, Saturday, December 6 

With Bro. Ross Murphy and Sister Elva Stump as co- 
workers, I have been to the several congregations: Wood- 
worth, Freeburg, New Philadelphia, Canton, Kent, Black 
River, Dickey and Beech Grove in holding inspirational 
institutes. At each congregation there is a two hour pro- 
gram forenoon, afternoon and night. The noon hour is 
usually spent, in the basement at dinner, where the great- 
est social values are always apparent to anyone studying 
the question of social values. These institutes, if I am 
to judge by -the expressions we hear, arc well worth while 
to the churches, and the pity is that not all the congre- 
gations are reached. If we could go twenty days instead 
of only eleven, it would be better; but the arrangement is 

It is « joy to work with these two : Bro. Murphy is 
the teacher, the city pastor, the careful thinker. It it bit 
part to urge the words: "Come, let us reason together." 
Sister Stump is the home-maker; when she talks it is 
backed by a good husband and five children in the home. 
She and I agreed not to permit Bro. Murphy to talk on 
how to raise children; we reserved that privilege for our- 
selves. The children in the home and the husband s.t 
work every day do not keep Sister Stump from attending 
a college this winter and taking four full courses. When 
I mentioned a remark I had heard recently, " It is better 
to have a bit of dust on the iurniture sometimes than 
on the brain," she was quite ready to agree with* the one 
who expressed that sentiment. 

I am to preach tomorrow on the Old Time Religion. 
We sometimes hear critical remarks about it, but remarks. 
usually tell more about the speaker himself than what 
he says; what he says is hidden by what he is, Anyhow, 
the old time religion in principle, in its appeal to life, 
with its regard for things sacred, is good enough for me. 
White Cottage, Tuesday, December 9 

With East Nimishillen, Owl Creek and White Cottage, 
our tour is complete for this year. Bro. Murphy returned 
to Philadelphia last Saturday, and I to Cleveland; but 
I could return to the job early, and in his stead came 
Bro. Moherman. Each congregation has its personality, 
each is a bit different from the others, and each develops 
according to local conditions; and yet all have the same 
general plan, and the same united aim. 

Yesterday's " Plain Dealer " contained an interesting 
sketch of the activities of the Seventh-Day Adventists in 
Cleveland. It seems they have discovered when the end 
of the world is to come, and ar«? zealously propagating 

the idea. It always puzzles me that the teachers of error 
should be so greatly enthused, while teachers of truth 
sort o' go to sleep on the job. Perhaps that is not the 
way to say what I mean, but the Adventists, to urge their 
doctrines newly found, got up a parade of eight autos 
and went along the main streets of the city bearing such 
inscriptions as " Prepare for the end of the world," " Sat- 
urday is God's Sabbath," and " Christ comes Feb. 6, 1925." 
They shouted through a megaphone from the leading auto, 
and also sang hymns as they proceeded. They wore their 
old clothes, expecting to be handled by the police or the 
crowds, but folks just grinned at them and said nothing. 
One of them said: "When man's law conflicts with our 
•religious beliefs, we will break it." They say they are 
selling off their property, even cooking utensils, to get 
money to print more tracts, so as to circulate the news 
of the approaching end. 

After one's first feeling of resentment to all this sort 
of rubbish, there comes the emotion of sympathy and 
sorrow for the deluded souls who are thus missing their 
calling. The Adventist people have long had these two 
points of belief to deal with, and they keep haggling at 
them. Sometimes there is a Hare up like this parade, and 
then again the thing simmers down to quiet. The thun- 
ders of Sinai proclaim the sabbath, and they seem to want 
to stick close to Sinai. I was reading John 5 this morn- 
ing: And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and 
sought to slay him, because he had done these things on 
the sabbath day. As I understand Jesus, he ran counter 
to the teachings concerning the sabbath, also stood out 
against the fixing of the time of his return. Good men 
often differ, but the easiest way to destroy the value of 
any teaching of the Lord is to become a fanatic on the 
subject. I should not forget to add that in the Toledo 
papers Toledo Adventists say Cleveland Adventists are 
not genuine; all of which is very interesting to the rest 
of us. 

Cleveland, Sunday, December 14 

After being at White d'ottage I came around by way of 
Deshler that I might call on aged Bro. David Lytic, who 
is not in the best of health. Some time ago he fell from 
a ladder, but he has recovered from the ill effects of that. 
He is well up in years and it is surprising how strong 
he is. God has been good to our brother, and to his 
family; we pray his blessings may be graciously continued, 

From Deshler I went to Green Springs and called upon 
Bro. Albert Sellers in their home in the country. I also 
visited .with Bro. Helm and spoke to his pupils in the 
high school; I then called on Dr. Carpenter, who also 
resides there. 

After Green Springs I stopped off at Lorain to visit 
witli Bro. Garbcr and Bro. E. S. Walker and family, where 
I had the joy of supper with the folks. It is a great satis- 
faction to be able to hunt up members who are in towns 
where our church is not, and (o talk with them about the 
enlarging Kingdom of our God. This morning I preached 
on "Stewardship as a Mode of Life." I enjoyed the 
sermon, and I have reason to believe the congregation 
also enjoyed it. 

Mt. Morris, III,, Thursday, December 25 

On last Sunday morning at the Christmas services, 
we had 110 present. This is the second time our congre- 
gation has reached 110. I am hoping that this may be 
the permanent number very soon: but it is not so yet. 

Monday evening I had the pleasure of being with the 
Rock Run church, out from Goshen City, and of giving 
them a missionary address. I also spoke at the high 
school in the city. I gave my Texture on "The Soul of 
India," in Goshen, the previous week. The way the folks 
of Goshen are putting across the religious education 
proposition is quite challenging. The Bible is on the 
curriculum, and Rev. Hawk and Rev. Detwiler are booked 
as members of the faculty, and their work receives credit 
just as any other course. The latter is an excellent Men- 
nonitc brother who is in connection with the Menonnite 
College at Goshen. Welcome to the Bible in the school 
curriculum; many good results are sure to follow. 

It is good to be with our little group for the Christmas 
holidays; it is good when we can sit down together, chat- 
ting while we eat; it is good that we can all take a per- 
sonal and real interest in the morning worship, an interest 
that keeps the altar fires burning into a fla«e. How our 
hearts go out in sorrow for those who have no altar fires 
in their homes; whose homes show nothing but dead 
embers there; whose boys and girls are facing in the 
wrong direction. 

Cleveland, Ohio, Wednesday, December 31 

Adapting ourselves to the present opportunity, Mary. 
my good wife, has come with me on my return to the 
city, and we are now here together for the time, in my 
one little upper room. Thai we are enjoying the situation 
goes without saying; and our folks in Cleveland are 
rejoicing with us. We are together praying every day 
now that a worth-while church of the Brethren may be 
established in Cleveland, and we are willing to do our 

part in bringing this about. 

(Continued on Page 46) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


(Continued from Page 37) 
to fare forth to two different parts of tlie battle front. 
The Africa party, with the exception of Mrs. M allot t, who 
stayed at the hotel with her small son, accompanied the 
India parly to the " Gr cassia." It was still being loaded 
and not ready to sail, so the two groups had tea together 
in the dining room and then the Africa party went hack 
to their hotel, and we read the mail which had been sent 
from India and proceeded to make ourselves comfortable 
on the ship which was to be our home for almost four 
wiili-. Some time in the night when the passengers were 
asleep the ship pulled away from the docks. The new 
missionaries had an opportunity to get a touch of the- 
Orient for the Stewards, deck hands, and even some of the 
food were Indian. Besides our group we found that there 
were on hoard three young women who were missionaries 
of the Methodisl Episcopal church. We two groups formed 
an American table and enjoyed much good fellowship. 
Since our Thanksgiving Day is not observed in this part 
of the world, the American table had its own celebration 
by serving a Thanksgiving dinner of turkey, cranberry 
sauce, pumpkin pic and other things in pictures cut from 
American magazines which we had along. The prayer 
meeting following was of a Thanksgiving nature. We 
regretted vers- much that we did not have the President's 
proclamation to read. 

There were also on hoard ship two Scottish missionaries. 
The majority of the passengers were English business, 
civil service, and army people, many of whom were ac- 
companied by their children. One Sunday services were 
conducted by the Scottish minister and another by Bro. 
Garner, On the "Samaria" they had been conducted by 
the purser of the ship. Among the chip's cargo there 
were fifteen horses, some chickens, ducks, rabbits, dogs, 
and turkeys. Bro. darner said that it often reminded him 
of " Down mi (he Farm" when they began to make their 
characteristic sounds. There was even a ship cat, much 
petted hy the passengers. 

The roughest sea that we had was in the Bay at Biscay. 
Side hoards and partitions were needed on the table hut 
many were not there to use them. In the Mediterranean 
Sea wc passed near the island of Malta and were again 
reminded of Paul's experience there. Wc also saw several 
white British destroyers in this sea. The coast of Africa 
with its many smoking villages reminded us of Living- 
stone's statement, "I can rise in the morning and see the 
smoke of a thousand villages wherein the name of Christ 
has never been heard." The white and gleaming city of 
Algiers was very picturesque. There were even mountains 
which reminded us of the Rockies. 

At Port Said there was the very strange experience of 
going shopping at midnight. We went down a wiggly 
stairway hy the side of the boat and got into a row boat 
am! were rowed ashore by an Arab. We knew that this 
was our only chance to buy sun hats, wdiich the tropical 
sun makes so necessary, even for the rest of our journey. 
Many ships in the harbor were being cpaled and the 
string of natives, each carrying a basket of coal on his 
shoulder, and all chanting a kind of song in unison, made 
a peculiar impression on our Western minds, especially 
when observed by the light of torches. It was at Port 
Said that letters from India were brought aboard which 
told us of our various locations in India. The three new 
ones go to Vyara for language work; Sister Mohler to 
the hospital at Bulsar; and Brother and Sister Garner to 

The trip through the ninety mile Suez Canal was most 
interesting for there we could see the sandy deserts on 
both sides, with here and there camels and palm trees. 
There was also a vast stretch of the remains of the army 
camp where fifty thousand soldiers had been encamped 
during the war. We also saw dugouts, barbed wire, and 
other remains of that great tragedy. Some of the natives 
along the canal came on hoard to sell beads and other 
articles or to dive from the top of the ship for money. 
Much of the time we were tied up at the side while we 
met vessels from many different nations. 

The greatest heat came in the Red Sea. Just when the 
folks at home were putting more coal on the furnaces, we 
were getting out our summer clothes and keeping the 
electric fans on all night. Leaving Suez we passed "Moses' 
Well," which is supposed to be the place where the Chil- 
dren of Israel crossed the Red Sea. At one place it was 
said that Ml. Sinai could be seen in the far distance. We 
passed by twelve rocky mountainous islands in a row 
which are called " The Twelve Apostles." During the heat 
ice cream was Berved us each day at lunch but it was not 
the good kind that Americans are accustomed to. The 
Arabian Sea trip was lunch cooler, in fact the ship was 
going against a stiff gale which slowed up the speed and 
made the sea slightly rough. Several nights there were 
brilliant phosphor- -m displays to be seen. One evening 
at sundown we watched a Mohammedan at his prayers. 
He kept at it long and faithfully in spite of the many eyes 
on him. Such faithfulness might accomplish much if turned 
to the service of God's true Prophet. Jesus Christ. Many 
hours were taken up by letter writing, and near the end 

of the journey a wireless was sent to India so our fellow- 
workers there would know when to meet the boat. 

One of the outstanding features of the trip was the 
amount of interesting things which happened at night. We 
pulled away from Liverpool at night ; went 'through the 
Strait of Gibraltar at night, thus only getting a general 
location of the famous rock hy lights at the base and seeing 
the lights of Morocco, Africa, from the other side of the 
boat; landed in Port Said in the night; entered the Suez 
Canal at night and passed out of it at night; and wc went 
out of the Red Sea into the Arabian Sea at night; and 
then finally wc docked in Bombay at night. Cat eyes 
would seem to have been the proper equipment for such 
a trip. 

However, taking it all in all, the voyage was exceedingly 
enjoyable — as pleasant and as safe as our many friends 
and brethren had prayed that it would be. And now about 
ten thousand miles from our homes and about ten hours 
ahead of New York time, we enter our field of work in 
the best of health and spirits, trusting that the church at 
home is experiencing the same joy in working on the 
"home base" as we are on the frontier. The task of 
winning the world for Christ takes the united effort of all. 

Vyara, India. Bculah M. Woods. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Chieo congregation observed Thanksgiving Day by meeting at the 
church and having_ a real Thanksgiving meeting. Opportunity was 
given all to tell what they were especially thankful for. A number 
of interesting talks were given. An offering was raised for mis- 
sions. We met in council Dec. 12 with Eld. W. R. Brubakcr in 
charge. On Christmas eve our Sunday-school rendered a splendid 
program, each doing his part well. We were glad to have Bro. 
C. E. Davis, Bro. Simeon Davis and wife from Empire, and mem- 
bers from the Live Oak congregation enjoy the program with us. 
Dec. 28 the Deputation Team from La Verne College rendered a 
very interesting program. The first of the year we are going 
to start a Teacher-training Class and also a class for the study 
of missions.— Martha Harlacher, Chico, Calif., Dec. 30. 

Glendora.— The church met in council Dec. 15. Officers were elected 
for the year with Bro. G. H. Bashor. elder| Bro. Roy Brubaker, clerk; 
the writer, correspondent. Two letters' were granted. Dec. 14 Bio. 
N, E. Baker, of Los Angeles, preached for us at Loth services, giving 
his District Conference messages on "The Life-Giving Christ," which 
was wonderful, and inspired us with new life and hope and service. 
At the close of the morning service an offering of $83 was taken for 
the poor fund. Our Christmas program was given Dec. 24. consisting 
of recitations, readings and special music which was rendered mostly 
by the children. The house was full and all enjoyed the program, 
especially the treat of candy given to all by the Sunday- school. Dec. 
28 our pastor gave us a burning message from the text. " Is it well 
with thee? " He also brought to our minds some of the things that 
had been accomplished during the past year: thirty-two added to the 
church, thirteen new babies to the Cradle Roll— all of which means 
added responsibilities and greater opportunities for service. In the 
evening Bro. J. E. Steinour, pastor of the Belvedere church, Los 
Angeles, brought his conference message on the " Coming One " 
which brought Christ very near to us and filled us with new joy, hope 
and expectation.— Anna M. Gnagy, Glendora, Calif.. Dec. 29. 

Raisin church met in council, with Eld. C. H. Yoder presiding. The 
deacons_ reported favorably of-thc visit to the membership. During 
the year steps were taken for incorporation. The bylaws are now in 
the hands of the trustees to he submitted to the church for adoption. 
We expect Bro. Edgar Rothrock, of La Verne. Calif., to begin our 
evangelistic meetings Jan. 5. Our lov C feast will be held at the close. 
At Thanksgiving time a speciaPefTort was made toward liquidating the 
debt on our parsonage, and $206 was raised. On Christmas eve an 
offering of $24.53 was taken. A good program was given Dec. 23 by 
the Sunday-school.— Mrs. \V. H. Meyers, Fresno. Calif.. Dec. 27. 

Reedley.— Our revival meetings, conducted by Eld. C. Ernest- Davis, 
closed Dec. 21. Bro. Davis gave us strong spiritual messages. 
Four young people were baptized. We closed with an all-day meet- 
ing last Sunday. Lunch was served in the basement. Baptismal 
services were held in the afternoon. At the Christian Workers' 
hour a fellowship meeting vas held at which Bro. Davis and others 
spoke on the future church program. Eld. E. M. Studebaker and 
Bro. I. D. Yoder were with us for a few days in November in the 
interest of endowment for La Verne College. Bro. STtudebakor 
addressed us both morning and evening on Sunday. At our recent 
council a number of church officers were elected, among them, P. H. 
Smith, Sr., clerk; J. S. Brower, "Messenger" agent; the writer, 
correspondent. Special missionary offerings were taken on the 
thirtieth anniversary day at Thanksgiving and Christmas. The 
members litre recently showed their appreciation of the labors of 
Eld. M. N. Wine and wife by going to their home with a stock 
of provisions and a gift of money. Our missionary committee is 
arranging for a course in mission study in the different depart- 
ments of the Christian Workers' Society. Our Aid Society is doing 
some splendid work among the poor and sick of our communis- 
—Mrs. Mamie Sink. Reedley, Calif., Dec. 26. 

Wateriord church has held two councils recently in which seven 
new members were received by letter. One council was called to 
consider the seats for our new building which since that time 
have been ordered. Dec. 7 Bro. Levi Winklebleck gave us a splendid 
talk. Dec. 14 Bro. Ellis Studebaker, president of La Verne Col- 
lege, gave us two sermons on the subject "Christian Loyaltv." 
During the three succeeding evenings Bro. Studebaker gave us 
Bible lessons. Appreciation and interest were shown by the 
large attendance each evening. It means much to listen to these 
lessons as taught by an able instructor. Arrangements have been 
made for Bro. Studebaker to give us a term of two weeks' Bible 
lessons during the coming year. Our Sunday-school rendered a 
program Christmas night after which a treat was giver; to the 
children.— Iva Kennedy, Wateriord, Calif., Dec. 30. 


Wiley.— Our Christmas pageant was given Dec. 24. It was good 
cons.dcring the severe cold wave prevailing during which it had 
to be prepared and rendered. Dec. 28 was marked by two effective 
services. In the morning our pastor, Bro. Blough, brought a 
messageion "The Challenge of the Unfinished." in which we were 
reminded of some very important things yet to be done. In the 
evening the girls of our young iieoplc's department rendered the 
play ' Aunt Sobrina's Christmas," very effectively to a good audi- 
ence. Our pastor with the pulpit program committee has worked 
out an excellent worship program for both morning and evening for 
the next three months. Jan. 3 wc shall observe as Christian Dedi- 
cation Sunday in which after a special sermon all will be 
urged to rededicate themselves and relive their Christian faith and 
loyalty, A Christmas gift— a large picture of Christ the Youth was 
presented by Brother and Sister Blough to the church to be 'hung 
over the rostrum. Because of the snow storm our home evangelistic 
campaign has been postponed until spring.— Mary B. Wilson, Wiley, 


Sebring.— During this Christmas season manifestations of the true 
Christmas spirit have been seen on every hand in the Sclmrfg 
congregation. The third Sunday of the month was observed as 
missionary day as usual. The offering amounted to $77.55 and is to 
go for home missions. On Christmas eve a program was given 
by the Sunday-school in which both young and old had part. The 
offering amounted to $118.18 and is to be used for Near East Re- 
lief. Christmas Day there were no services at the church here 
for we had been invited by Bro. J. W. Rogers, who has charge 
of the two mission points, to take our baskets and go with him 
and his corps of workers to the Sunny Land mission and enjoy 
the day there. About forty-five responded and we felt the day very 
profitably spent. We enjoyed the program and also the associa- 
tion with our brethren and sisters who have made the South 
their home for so many years. The congregation here held a 
service on Christmas evening. Bro. C. D. Hylton, of Virginia - , 
preached on the subject "The Unchangeable Christ." The Thanks- 
giving season was also a time of spiritual infilling because it was 
entered into hcjirtily. Services were held in the morning and the 
prevailing thought of the prayer meeting in the evening was that 
of thanksgiving. An offering of $54.33 was made. Dec. 28 a num- 
ber of visitors from Lakeland, Plant City and Chosen were with 
us for the services. Wc enjoyed their presence very much. The 
different activities of the church are prospering for which we feel 
to praise the Father and the willing workers who make this possible. 
We are especially glad for the splendid class in Teacher- training 
that meets each week.— Mrs. J. H. Morris, Scbring, Fla., Dec. 29. 


Boise Valley church met in business session Dec. 6 with Eld. 
H. M. Brubaker presiding. Four fetters were granted. The follow- 
ing church and Sunday-school officers for the year were elected; 
Elder, J. H. Grayhill; Sunday-school superintendent Bro. Cecil Jack. 
The church decided not to retain our present pastor because of 
financial conditions. Brother and Sister Brubakcr have done very 
efficient work in our cln;rch during the past four years and we 
regret very much having them leave us.— Delia Holsinger, Nampa, 
Idaho, Dec. 29. 

Bowmont church met in^busincss session Dec. 26 with J. L. Thomas 
presiding. The same church and Sunday-school officers were re- 
elected: Elder, J. L. Thomas; clerk. Wm. Riddlcbarger; Sunday- 
school superintendent, Chloe V. Gross. We were fortunate in hav- 
ing Sister Anna Crumpacker, missionary from China on furlough, 
with us for two very interesting and instructive talks concerning 
the work in China. Eld. H. G. Shank came to us Dec. 21 and 
gave us five very earnest, spiritual messages. We expect Bro. 
Shank to be with us in revival services in the near future. Our 
Christmas program was rendered Dec. 28. It consisted of reci- 
tations, dialogues, special songs. Although the day was very 
disagreeable the attendance was good.— Chloe V. Gross, Bowmont, 
Idaho. Dec. 29. 


Allison Prairie church met in council Dec. 2? with Eld. N. H, 
Miller presiding. He was reelected elder for another year. All 
church and Sunday-school officers were chosen for the year. Bro. 
H. Z. Smith has been secured to hold our series of meetings in 
August. On the following Sunday Bro. Miller preached for us and 
in the evening the Sunday-school gave their Christmas . program. 
Bro. Miller also gave a talk that night which was very interesting. 
—Ernest L. Fry, Lawrenceville. 111., Jan. 3. 

Elgin.— We're glad wc have a pastor. He is offering us green 
provender and if we don't eat it will be our fault if we are shrunk- 
up! We have had four mon.ths of his planning, preaching, and prac- 
ticing, and it's all wholesome. Just now he is providing us with a 
series of sermons on "The Ten Commandments," one each Sunday 
evening. The Decalogue is immensely modern in its application. A 
program has been put on of supplementary religious education,' fur- 
nished Sunday evenings, for three youthful departments, from nine 
years up. Our membership is a bit over 200, and our Sunday-school 
attendance is averaging 225. Dr. F. F. Holsopple, of Hagerstowit, 
Md.. pleased our little prayer meeting some time ago.* Wm. Bcahm, 
an appuintte to Africa, led our devotions on Rally Day, when 287 
people were on hand. The annual opening of the Ladies' Aid mite- 
boxes netted ?I50. They added $60 to this by .a food sale. Never 
tiled, they put on a chicken supper and white sale. About 400 people 
sal down to repair their inner waste and bought up the dainty needle- 
work. Proceeds from both, $2-16.93. They also furnished palatable 
eats for the Father and Son banquet, which were especially enjoyed 
by the boys who were orphans. At our " fall festival," wc gave 
thanks to the amount of $51. On the day appointed, we contributed 
$15.50 to Near East Relief. But our offering for the Christ-child was 
$117.33. Our communion Nov. 23 was small and quiet. One Sunday 
evening we had a "Women's Forum." Oct. 12 wc celebrated the 
silver anniversary of the coming of the Brethren to Elgin, with 
three unusual services. A Watch Night program at the church, to 
which the whole congregation was invited, ushered in the New Year 
Our budget for 1925 is $6,1H0. We have the parsonage and street pav- 
ing to pay for, but— we're not daunted!— Adahne H, Beery, Elgin 
III.. Jan. 2. " " ' 

Oakley.— We held our love feast Thanksgiving evening. On ac- 
count of inclement weather the attendance was not so good as 
usual. The church met in council Dec. 13 with Eld. D. J. Blick- 
enstaff presiding. Officers for the coming vear were elected; Elder, 
D. J. Blickenstaff; Bro. Earl Miller, clerk; Bro. Albert Brooks, 
Sunday-school superintendent.— Mrs. C. F. Kemp, Cerro Gordo 111 
Dec. 27. 

West Branch.— We just closed a very successful revival held two 
weeks before Christmas, conducted by the evangelistic party, Bro. 
S. Z. Smith and wife and Sister Helman, of Sidney, Ohio. Seven 
were baptized. Our business session was held Dec. 26 with Eld. 
S. S. Plum presiding. Election of officers for the year resulted as 
follows: Pastor, S. S. Plum;, superintendent, Wm. Cordell. Our 
Thanksgiving offering amounted to $60; besides this barrels of pro- 
visions were sent to Chicago. We have a wide-awake Aid Society 
which meets every two weeks with good attendance and a very 
efficient president, Sister Julia Brantner. Our Christmas program 
given by the Sunday-school was greatly enjoyed. The envelope 
system lias worked splendidly during the past year and we will 
continue its use for next year. We have a live Sunday- school and 
our church has been revived so that wc expect to do larger and 
better things the coming year.— Flora Plum. Polo, 111., Dec. 31. 


Portland church met in council Dec. 27 with Eld. J. L. Kline in 
charge. Owing to sickness of our elder the meeting was delayed 
two weeks. Officers for the year were chosen with H. R. Frank 
Sunday -school superintendent. The following Sunday Eld. Kline gave 
us several splendid sermons. He is with us the second and fourth 
Sundays. Bro. Jacob Heller fills our pulpit the remaining Sundays 
of each month.— Evelyn Frank, Portland, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Rock Run congregation met in council Jan. 2. We decided to 

hold our love feast on Saturday evening May 9. It 

to divide 


Christian Workers' Society 



we now 

have four divisions— adult, young people, junior and primary. At 
a special council recently it was decided to purchase the former 
I. L. Berkcy home for a parsonage. About two-thirds of the 
amount needed to purchase it has been pledged. Our clerk reported 
three deaths and one baptism during the vear. Our present mem; 
hership is 107. There are several farms for rent and also for sale 
in the vicinity of our church. ' We wish members who are think- 
ing of changing locations would come to Rock Run.— Mrs. Clarence 
R. Cripe. Goshen. Ind., Jan. 5. 


Des Moines Valley.— A correction should be made. In my report 
of our series of meetings held by Bro. W. E. West, of Mt. Morris, 
111. (in ' Gospel Messenger " No. 52), I unintentionally failed to mention 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


the good work of Sister Alice Kinscy of Bethany Bible School as 
chorister of the meeting. The singing was spiritual and uplifting. 
—Jefferson Mathis. Elkhart, Iowa. 

LibcrtyvMe church met in council Dec. U with Eld- W. N. 
Glotfelty presiding. The men's Bible class has now organized and is 
planning on new activities. Arthur Zuelhke is president. A Christ- 
mas program was given by the smaller classes and the Sunday- 
school gave the children a treat. One of our aged brethren, Daniel 
Rodabaugh, passed away and will be missed in church activities. 
The Sunday-school elected officers for the year with Bro. Hancy 
superintendent.— Nellie Ogden, Bat a via, Iowa, Jan. S. 

Osceola church met in council Dec. 21 with Bro. B. F. Bashor pre- 
siding. Church officers were elected for sis months with the writer 
" Messenger " agent and church correspondent. Two letters were 
granted. Last September Bro. Chas. Colyn and family moved from 
our midst and since then we have been without a regular pastor. 
The church greatly misses their help, Bro. B. F. Bashor has 
preached for us several times. Our members being few and not 
financially able to secure a pastor, the ministers of the Franklin 
church (Decatur County) and Bro. Bashor have offered to come 
and preach (or us. For this the church is very thankful.— Mrs. 
Gracie I. Fisher, Osceola, Iowa, Dec. 30. 

Ottumwa.— This church decided on Dec. 31 to make our budget 
for 1925 $500. Jan. 2 we elected our church officers. It was decided 
to change our custom of electing officers every six months to that 
of electing them once a year. Bro. J. F. Howard was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Elda Roberts president of the 
Christian Workers' Band; the writer " Messenger " correspondent. 
Jan. 4-10 was decided upon as a week of prayer and our pastor 
will preach nine sermons on the advantages of prayer.— Lawrence 
Clark, Ottumwa, Iowa, Jan. 3. 


Appanoose.— Our regular business meeting was held Dec. 5, with a 
good aTCendauce. All committees gave very favorable reports. Bro. 
Kzra Barnhart was reelected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Mil- 
ton lkcnberry. Christian Workers' president. Bro. Virgil C. Finnell was 
with us Dec. 6 and 7, with his illustrated lectures which were greatly 
appreciated. A special program was given Thanksgiving and a liberal 
offering taken for general missions. Dec. 28 the Christian Workers 
rendered " The Coming of the King " to an appreciative audience— 
J. M. Ward. Appanoose. Kans.. Dec. 30. 

Garden City.— Bro. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, began a series of 
meetings Dec. 2 a->d continued for three weeks. He preached some 
very strong doctrinal sermons, which drew us closer to the church 
and one another. Four were received by letter and one awaits the 
rite of baptism. The interest was good until the bad weather hindered 
some from coming. We closed with a love feast which was enjoyed 
by all— Mrs. Edith Weaver. Garden City, Kans., Dec. 29. 

Lamed Rural.— We held our love feast Nov. 15. with nearly all mem- 
bers present. Dec. 13 we met in council, with Bro. J. J. Yodcr in 
charge. Church officers were etected and Bro. Warren Gish was chosen 
elder for the coming year. Dec. 21 we gave a Christmas program 
which was well attended, considering the bad weather. The men of 
this congregation have spent several days repairing and remodeling 
the church which adds to the comfort of all. We are thankful for the 
blessings of the past year, and for the interest shown in all services,— 
Mrs. Evelyn Martin, Lamed, Kans., Dec. 26. 

Ozawkie.— At our council Dec. 10 the following officers were elected 
for one year: "Messenger" agent, Amelia Petitt; correspondent, 
the writer; clerk, Guy H. Brammell; Christian Workers' president, 
Ernest Hudon; elder. H. L. Brammell. Dec. 17 and 18 Bro. V. C. 
Finnell gave two very helpful lectures at the church and one at 
the high school. He used the- stereopticon each time with a 
splendid set of pictures. Bro. Finnell is an untiring worker and 
is getting these timely lessons before the young in a most effective 
way. Eld. Walter Brunton, of Wenatchee, Wash., recently favored 
us with' three splendid sermons. Bro. D. W. Kurtz ia to be 
with us for two lectures Jan. 18.— Judith Brammell, Ozawkie, Kans., 
Jan. 1. 


Bush Creek congregation, Pleasant Hill church, at Monrovia, Md., 
wishes to announce a council meeting for March 28 at 10 A. M., 
and a love feast May 23 at 2:30 P. M.— C. E. Duvall. New Market, 
Md., Jan. 5. 

Greenhill.— Bro. Walter Hartman was' with us the latter part of 
November and the messages which he brought us were powerful 
and vital. One accepted Christ and we were all strengthened in 
the faith. We have been laboring under difficulties here, one of 
which is our location. Our nearest church neighbor is about seventy 
miles distant so it is very seldom that we have the pleasure of 
hearing a speaker from another congregation. -We are few in num- 
ber also since so many of our members moved to other places. 
However, those who remain realize their personal responsibility for 
God's work.— Paul R. Eby, Westovcr, Md.. Jan. 3. 


.—Bro. H. V. Townsend began a revival Nov. 
s not as good as we had hoped for on account 
: and cold. He delivered sixteen soul-stirring 
brought to Christ and one was reclaimed. 
union at which Bro. Townsend of- 

Battle Creek Missh 
30. The attendance v 
of sickness and the i 
sermons. Two wcrt 
The meeting closed ' 

ficiated. Dec. 13 we held our regular council. Church officers were 
elected for one year and Sunday-school for six months. Our elder was 
not present, so our pastor. Eld. R. H. Weller, acted in his stead. 
Bro. G. F. Culler was reelected elder; Bro. E. Wolf, church clerk; 
Bra. Everett Dean. " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent; 
Sister Viola Gow, missionary secretary; Sister Emma. Gardner. Sun- 
day-school superintendent. A new ministerial committee was elected 
to serve one, two and three years. Dec. 21 Bro. Weller gave us a 
wonHerful message on the spirit of Christmas and giving the right 
gifts. In the evening a program was given, after which gifts were 
presented by each class and afterward distributed in the city to those 
in need— Mrs. Blanche Arnctt, Battle Creek, Mich., Dec. 30. 

Crystal church met in council Jan. 3 to elect officers for the year: 
Elder and church correspondent, the writer; clerk, Bro. R. B. Noll; 
"Messenger" agent, Bro. J. L. Noll. It was decided that our 
agent should place as many " Messengers " as possible in the homes 
of our new brethren, also among others who are directly interested 
in our faith and doctrines. Our ministerial board is making ar- 
rangements to secure an able evangelist to hold our series of meet- 
ings sometime in early summer. We are hoping to get a man 
who will serve all three of our churches, namely. Crystal, Vesta- 
burg and New Haven. The young people of these three churches are 
doing excellent work in their joint meetings which convene once 
every two weeks.— Floyd Bollinger, Alma, Mich., Jan. 5. 

Sugar Ridge church met in council with Bro. J. J. Hamm pre- 
siding. We elected part of our church officers. Two members were 
chosen on the missionary committee, one on the finance board and 
two on the auditing committee. The writer was elected trustee for 
three years. The Sisters' Aid Society gave a very interesting re- 
port of their work for the last year. We also had a very encour- 
aging report of the Sunday-school. Wc can see great possibilities 
for the coming year.— Wm. Saxton, Custer. Mich., Jan. 5. 

Woodland Village.— Instead of the usual Christmas program Bro. 
Vane-Wotring portrayed for us Dec. 28 the life of Christ in one 
of his splendid chalk talks. He drew five pictures representing 
different events in Christ's life, quoting scripture and giving the 
thought in song as well as story. There were also several other 
numbers of appropriate music. The whole program was impressive 
and greatly enjoyed; it also showed much talent and study on 
the part of Bro. Wotring. Mention has not yet been made of the 
good meetings held for us by Bro. E. F. Caslow curing two weeks 
in October. One was received into the church by baptism. At 
the close of the meeting we participated in a quiet, spiritual love 
feast. Nov. 23 we had our first Home Coining with very good 
attendance and a fine program. Bro. Harley Townsend gave a 

Thanksgiving sermon in .the morning; in the afternoon the talks 
given centered around the thoughts of this home coming and the 
better one to come. Dec. 30 at the close of an interesting contest 
between two of our Sunday-school classes the married people en- 
tertained the young people, the winners. A most enjoyable evening 
was spent during which gifts were presented the teachers of both 
classes and the superintendent of the school. At our last council 
Dec. 13 the present officers were elected to serve another year, 
retaining as our elder Bro. G. F. Culler.-l.ula Plank, Woodland, 
Mich., Dec. 31. . 

Zion church met in council Dec. 27 with Eld. VV. H. Good in 
charge. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected: Elder, 
Bro, W. H. Good; trustee for three years, Bro. M. I.. Moats; for 
two years, Bro. O. E. Mason; clerk. Bro. John Franti; Sunday- 
school superintendent, Bro. M. L, Moats; the writer, correspondent. 
The church met Dec. 31 at the home of Brother and Sister Oscar 
Mason to finish the business of the quarterly council.— Mildred 
Weaver, Prcscott, Mich.. Jan. 2. 


Winona church met in council Dec. 31 at which time our work 
for the coming year was organized. Sister Nancy Schmidt was 
' reelected superintendent of the Sunday-school; John Schmidt presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Meetings; Sister Pearl Whetstone 
"Messenger" agent; the writer, correspondent; John Schmidt, clerk; 
Bro. J. C. Forney, presiding elder. Two members were chosen 
on the ministerial board.— Mrs. J. C. Forney. Winona, Minn., Jan. 5. 


Mound church met in council Dec. 21. with Bro. Irvin Enoi presiding. 
He was chosen as elder for the coming year; Sister Ruth Enos, 
"Messenger" agent; Si.-ier Delia F.nos, Sunday -School superintendent. 
An oilering was taken for the Forward Movement.— Mrs. Joe Bloc her, 
Adrian, Mo., Dec. 29. 

Smithfork.— The regular c|uarterl.v business meeting was held in 
December and alt church officers were chosen for the coming year: 
Bro. Harvey Hostetler, elder and pastor; Bro. Frank Shirk, Sunday- 
school superintendent; Bro. E. L. Shoemaker, clerk; Bro. B. F. 
Brickcr, " Messenger " agent; the writer, church correspondent. A 
number of boards and committees were also chosen to carry on the 
work more effectively, such as the official hoard, Sunday-school, 
ministerial and financial hoards and program committees for the 
different departments. So the work is moving along very nicely 
with plans for more aggressive work for the coming year.— Ada 
Sell, Plattsburg, Mo., Jan. 1. 


Enders church reports a new feature at a recent council: Faye 
Bailey was licensed to preach for one year, and Glen Wine was elected 
[o the ministry. Installation services were postponed. Bmh these 
young men have been raised in this community and il is not 
without wholesome pride that we report this. D. G. Wine was 
elected elder for the year. Eld. I. C. Suavely is leaving our com- 
munity and is moving to Haxtun. Colo., whercNic has accepted the 
pastorate.— Leta F. Wine, Enders, Nehr.. Dec. 29. 

Omaha church met in council Dee. 2 with Bro. Johnson presiding. 
Bro. L. L. Meek was reelected elder; Sislcr Ester Dickey "Mes- 
senger " agent. The church decided to have a revival to begin 
the first week after Easter with Bro. Ellenbcrger from South 
Beatrice in charge. Dec. 21 the church gave a pageant "The White 
Gifts" which was much appreciated, After the program Bro. John- 
son gave the invitation and four accepted Christ— two elderly people 
and two of our young people— Mrs. Bessie Norris, Omaha, Nclr,. 
Jan. 3. 


Konmare church met in council Dec. 27 with EM. G. I. Michael 
presiding. One letter was granted. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the year as follows: Bro. G. I. Michael, 
elder; Sister Larson, clerk; the writer, correspondent; Sister Mabel 
Boc, superintendent.— Jennie Harris. Kcnmarc, N. Dak., Dec. 31. 


Bellefontaine church met in council Dee. 12, with Eld. N. I. Cool in 
charge. The election of officers was the principal feature of the meet- 
ing, resulting as follows: Elder, E. P. Yoder; clerk, J. A. Yodcr; 
" Messenger " agent and correspondent, Noel Blair; Sunday-school 
superintendent, the writer.- Mrs. Jesse A. Yodcr. Bellefon,tainc, Ohio, 
Dec. 26. 

Black River.— Services were held on Thanksgiving Day. An 
offering of over $85 was given for the deficit in mission funds. 
Brethren W. B. Stover, Ross D. Murphy and Sislcr Elma K. Stump 
were the speakers at the Institute held Dec. 3. The time was 
much too short for the work the speakers had outlined for us. 
Christmas eve the Sunday-school rendered an excellent program. 
A white box was prepared by the committee into which each person 
dropped his offering in a white envelope. Our Christmas gift 
for missions was $82.92. Attendance continues good, regardless of 
had roads and cold weather.— Mrs. D. E. Sower, Spencer, Ohio, 
Dec. 28. 

Brookville.— On Sunday morning. Nov. 30, Bro. Robert Miller, 
from North Manchester. Ind.. began a revival, preaching sixteen 
sermons, each being a message full of love and spiritual meat for 
the soul. Bro. Miller's visits among us in aur homes were uplift- 
ing and encouraging. Baptism was administered to four.— Mrs. 
Arthur Hay. Brookville, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Brookville— We started our Sunday-school the new year with an 
attendance of 200. That day in the absence of Bro. Fidlcr, Bro. 
L A Bookwaltcr conducted the installation services for all Sunday- 
school officers. In the evening a pageant representing the twelve 
months of the year was very fittingly given :>y twelve young girls. 
Bro. Glenn Moyer and family have moved back to our congregation 
and will work with us for the prcsent.-Mrs. L. A. Timmons, Brook- 
ville, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Canton City— Wc have been without a regular pastor for part of 
this year, but feel that the church work has bsen kept up well. We. 
have workers who are cooperating with each other. Ministers and 
visiiors from out of town have helped much in our Sunday morning 
services and Bro. J. F. Kahlcr has very ably conducted most ot the 
services Dec. 1 we had the Sunday- school Teachers' Institute here. 
Brethren W B. Stover, Ross D. Murphy and Sister Elva Stump did 
the teaching. We were given many valuable lessons on the work of 
the Sunday-school. Bro. Murphy* put the quest.on to all, Is the kind 
ot leaching you arc doing in the Sunday-school winning boys and girls 
to Chrisi? " "Why not be as diligent in Sunday-school work as in 
business' " Dee. 14 in the afternoon there was a joint Sunday-school 
meeting which was well attended. East and West Nirnishillen. Hart- 
ville, Canton Center and Canton City had a part in the program. 
Dec' 21 every teacher, superintendent as well as other Sunday-school 
officers was present. All arc working harmoniously and we are look- 
ing forward to greater things when our new pastor. Bro. Inman. 
lakes charge Jan. 4.-Mrs. Wm. Wade, Canton. Ohio, Dec. JO. 

Circleville.-Our last quarterly council for the year was held 
Dec 16 with Eld. D. G. Berkebile presiding. Wc were very glad 
for his presence for seldom do we have the privilege of having any 
of our brethren with us. We fully organized our Sunday-school for 
the year The installation services for officers and teachers were 
held Sunday morning. Dec. 21 our Sunday-school rendered a Christ- 
mas program which was very good and appreciated by a full house. 
In lulv we held a Daily Vacation Bible School, the only one held 
in this county We were assisted by Miss Mahlc Funderburg, of 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, and Miss Edith Drcshcr. of Springfield Ohio. 
The handwork done by the children was presented to the County 
Orphanage for the children's Christmas and the gifts were grate- 
fully accepted. Wc hope to have our revival early in April.— C. V. 
Coppock, Circleville, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Eagle Creek church met in council Dec. 27, with Bro. Anglemycr 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the year. Bro. J. J Angle- 
mycr was reelected elder; Bro. Lawrence Rodabaugh clerk, and Mes- 
senger" agent; Sister Kate Tambaugh president of the Aid Solely; 

Bro. Loyd McMillen Sunday-school superintendent; the writer cor- 
respondent. A committee was appointed to lay plans to install a bap- 
tistry in the church. Three letters were received. Our Sunday- 
school was reorganized Dec. 28 and in the evening a Christmas pro- 
dram was given by the young people's class. A collection of $11.50 
was taken for missions.— Mary Rodabaugh, Williams town, Ohio, Dec. 

Harris Creek church met in council Dec. 5 with our pastor, Bro. 
D, G. Berkebile, as moderator. We decided to have three business 
meetings a year i instead of four. Our pastor gave a report of his 
last quarter's work. The following officers were elected for the 
year: Elder, Bro. Chas. Flory ; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. 
John Eikenberry; "Messenger" agent, Sister Martha Smith; cor- 
respondent. Sister Etoile Sargent. Dec. 18 we enjoyed a lecture by 
Bro. J. A. Robinson, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, on the subject " Our 
Country's Greatest Assets."— Mrs. H. R. Hoover, Bradford, Ohio, 
Dec. 31. 

Kent church met Oct. 11 to enjoy another love feast. A number 
of members 'from neighboring churches were present and we appre- 
ciated having them with us. Bro. Kicffabcr and his family moved 
into the new parsonage by the side of the church. The members 
had a surprise on them a few evenings later, all bringing a little 
gift weighing a pound. Our council was Dec. 6 when officers were 
elected for the year. Our elder, Bro. Taylor, gave a very inspiring 
short talk preceding the meeting. The District Institute was held 
in our church recently. The speakers were Mrs. Stump from 
Alliance, Ohio; Ross D. Murphy from Philadelphia, and W. B. Stover 
of Cleveland. A very interesting Thanksgiving and Christmas pro- 
gram was given by the children, DcCj. 28 Bibles were presented 
to the young people who were recently baptized into the church.— 
Vera Huffman, Atwater, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Lima.— Oct. 14 the member! went in a group to the parsonage and 
suprised our pastor, llro. Wm. .E. Overholser, and wife, giving them 
a miscellaneous shower. A very pleasant evening was enjoyed by 
all. A two weeks' revival was held by our pastor beginning Nov. 9 
in which much in teres! was shown. Seven were baptized and one 
was reclaimed, following the meeting, Nov. 30, communion services 
wen- held which were largely attended. The church met in council 
Dec. 19 with Eld. Wm. E. Overholser presiding. The officers of 
the church and Sunday-school were elected for the year: Elder, Bro. 
Win. I'., Overholser; clerk, Sister Effie Working; corresponding sec- 
retflr] . the writer; Sunday -school superintendent, Sister Ada Miller; 
Sister Lueile Overholser, president of Christian Workers. The Lima 
church is growing rapidly and additional rooms arc very much 
needed. The chinch is planning to build a new house of worship 
in 1925.— Dorothy Kcttiinon, Lima. Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Middletown.— Wc had a very nice Christmas program and a good 
attendance. Our revival begins Jan. 8 with Bro. H. M. Coppock, 
of Middle District church, in charge. Our love feast will be held 
Jau 31, Two have been added to the fold since the last report. 
-Mrs. W. R. Wray. Middletown, Ohio, Jan. 3. 
Oak Grove, — hid, D. R. McFadden began a revival "at this place 

Dee. i. The in' gs continued two weeks, closing Dec. 16. Because 

ol illness Hi". McFaddcn was unable to preach the cveningB of Dec. 
S and 6. Wc weir very fortunate, however, in having these mes- 
sages brought to us by Bro. R. R. Halton and Bro. D. G. Berkebile, 
respectively, Each ol those brethren arranged to be at our services 
in hear Bro, McFndden and then very generously gave their own 
services Instead, We were very grateful for their help. As a re- 
sult ol this revival effort thirteen were added to the church. Nine 
ivcri bap tiled, threi were reclaimed and one received on former bap- 
tism. We hove been encouraged to follow the teachings of the Book 
more closely and receive the greater blessing. Dec. 26 wc met in 
council- In Hi' absence ol our elder, the pastor. John Wicand, pre- 
sided. The following officers were reelected: J. J. Anglemycr, elder; 
p, M. Buckingham, clerk; Mrs. John Wicand, "Messenger" agent 

and correal dent; V \ II tas, Sunday-school superintendent. S. 

II. Schubert i-, our delegate t" Annual Conference and the pastor 
.on! S. II. Schubert are delegates to District Meeting. The deacons 
were authorized to investigate and make recommendations as to the 
installation ot a baptistry, Wc observed our Christmas on Sunday, 
Dee. IS. The children and young people gave a very good program 
and also received a treat. An offering of about $22 was lifted for 
world-wide missions, Mrs John Wicand, Alvada, Ohio, Dec. 30. 

Salem.— The church at this place bad lbs pleasure of having the 
yearly Sunday-school Institute and with it have come to us blessing. 
strength and inspiration, Brethren I T. Myers and H. K. Obcr were 
the inntructors, At out quarterly council in November the various 
church officers and Sunday-school superintendents were selected for 
tin coming year. Our Aid has been instrumental in decorating the 
basement of the church which we hope soon to use for more Sunday- 
school classes. Several have come to the church recently, one man 
being ninety-two years old. Wc have many young people and children 
in the church al this place and from them we are expecting great 
things because of the talent shown.— Katie Flory, Phillipsburg, Ohio, 
Dee. 29. 

Sprlngfield.-Eld. J 

Dec. 9 for a businc: 

were elected for the 

" Messenger " agent, 

nday-school supei 

H. Eidemillcr met with our congregation 
s session Church and Sunday-school officers 

■..-,, , follows: Church clerk, B. H. Baird; 
Mrs. II, P. Taylor; correspondent, the writer; 
itendent, 0. H. Zicgler. Dec. 19 the Careful 

Builders' Class sponsored a farewell reception for Bro. J. C. Inman 
and family who left Dec. 22 for Canton, Ohio, to accept the pas- 
torate there. The large number present and the spirit manifested 
bespoke the church's appreciation of their eight and one-half years' 
labor among us, Dec. .'1 the children of our Sunday-school rendered 
a very interesting and effective Christmas program. Dec. 28 Brother 
and Sister S, Z. Smith, formerly of Sidney, Ohio, came to take up 
the work here. New Year's eve prayer meeting and a watch service 
were held. A goodly number were in attendance and a very impres- 
sive service was conducted, We feel that we are very fortunate 
in securing Brother and Sislcr Smith and are looking forward to a 
successful year under their leadership.— Vinnie Barnhart, Spring- 
field, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

West Charleston.— Beginning Nov. 9 Bro. McKinley Coffman, of 
Myersviile, Md„ conducted our revival services, preaching for two 
weeks. He gave us very strong sermons and the attendance and 
interest were splendid, Three of our Sunday-school scholars came 
to Christ and our people were given new courage and determination 
to go on in the Lord's work. Dec. 10 our Aid Society held their 
annual Christmas sale taking in $85. Dec. 14 Bro. Edw. Frantz, of 
Elgin, gave his lecture on I'caec. Our regular business meeting was 
held Dec 13. Our pastor's resignation was accepted to take effect 
May 1 when Bro. Flora expects to take the pastorate at Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio. The Sunday-school rendered a splendid Chri 
gram Dec. 23. Our white gift was given this year 
Folks and Orphans' Home at Greenville, Ohio. De 
Lehman, of North Manchester. Ind., gave a reading 
Workers' hour which was much appreciated— Ebz 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Jan. 2. 


Thomas.-Our regular council was held Dec. 27. Election of 
officers for the ensuing year resulted in reelecting Bro. E. R. Hern- 
don elder in charge with Bro. J. Appleman assistant; Sister B F. 
StuUman clerk; the undersigned "Messenger" correspondent; Bro. 
B F Stulzman Sunday-school superintendent. We are very 
to note that Bro. Appleman is feeling better since spend.n 
weeks with his daughter at Frederick. Okla. He now hopes 
able to preach for us occasionally. We are now nav. 
weather wc have had at this sc; 
the coldest being ten below zero.- 

°"- ""■ '■ OREGON 

, - j - ,; ,« ,» n ,, i.lIht- from coming but we had good 

.^«™° g ,h°^ 8 hoT. , ' y Th™T^dc'T ! , a ,, £ can* ... .a»i«. 

(Continued on Page 48) 

the Old 
Miss Delia 
:abeth G. Flora, 


; to be 
ing the coldest 
o£ the year for six years, 
H. L. Hutchison, Thomas, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


(Continued from Page 43) 
Last Sunday morning, being the last of the year, I 
preached on "The Closing Year," gathering outline 
material from Isaiah 64 as follows: 

Text: "And we all do fade as a leaf." Isa. 64: 6. 
Introduction: Experience often opens our eyes to the 
realities: life, eternity, God. 

I. The Remembrance of Fast Blessings (v. 3). 
II. The Thought of God (v. 4 and v. 8). 

III. The Fear for Immediate Future (v. 5). 

IV. The Remnant's Cry to God (v. 9). 

V. The Hope for Ultimate Future (vs. 2, 10, 13). 

Review of world progress the past year: material, social, 

Review of progress in the church during the year: 
Spiritual has not kept pace with material; perpetual 
growth will maintain perpetual youth. Wilbur Stover. 

Cleveland, Ohio. 

to all who so liberally and graciously remembered the old 
folks and children at the Mexico Home, but the Heavenly 
Father knows, and he knows the spirit in which this cheer 
came; and according to his Word you shall receive the 
larger blessing. j. C Warstler, Supt., 

Mexico, Ind. Mrs. Edith Warstler, Matron. 


Lord God in heaven, for past blessings we are thankful. 
Be with thy children in this new year, and help us to appeal 
to and be guided by thy Spirit's power. Consider us in 
our weakness, and grant us mercy and grace. We arc frail, 
but thou art strong; we are evil, but thou art good and 
merciful. Flelp us to be honest and acknowledge our many 
defeats, asking thy pardon; and may thy heavenly Spirit 
remain ever with us. Lord God, help us to fear sin and 
resist it by thy Spirit's power 1 Help us to keep firm thy 
saving faith, and protect us from Satan's evil. We are in 
danger — be thou our help I Let us be sincere in our effort 
to serve thee, and may our hearts be in real earnest. 

Lord, our words of thanks are simple but our hearts are 
enlarged and cry to thee for our needs. Thou, great God, 
art our heavenly Father, and may we faithfully remain thy 
true children, receiving thy blessings. Let thy truth be ours, 
and may we truly hunger and thirst for thy truth! We 
are struggling on in thy grace ofttimes, and may our feeble 
steps lead all honest souls to thy eternal rest, as promised 
according to thy Word I Lord God, remember the sick and 
afflicted, the poor, the needy; be merciful unto the sinner, 
and hear each cry from every sorry, repentant heart! May 
we make progress in thy name, in thy Holy Spirit, and 
may we feel alone sustained in thy almighty power in all 
our troubles. Guide us, Lord, ever into thy saving truth, 
and keep us in thy faith, is my prayer. 

Mossville, 111. J. C. Eskildson. 


The year 1924 has come and gone and has borne with it 
both joy and sorrow. However the good Father has won- 
derfully blessed us in our feeble efforts in trying to care for 
the unfortunate ones and manage the business of the in- 
stitution properly. When we pause and look back over 
some of the efforts put forth in the interest and welfare 
of both young and old we are made to feel that they were 
not all in vain, and that the Heavenly Father has also been 
pleased. Among some of the things that we think of is the 
placing of sixty-four children in Christian homes and the 
admitting of a number of aged ones into the old folks' de- 

In thinking of events we can think of none greater than 
the coming of Christ into the world to make men and 
women, boys and girls happy and to save their souls. That 
is one birthday which will never be forgotten because of 
the saving power which is shown forth in the wonderful 
birth and the joy and gladness it brings to mankind. Space 
and time will not permit me to tell all about a meeting 
during the first week in December when the boys and girls 
were called into the assembly room one night for the pur- 
pose of talking over their Christmas wants. Everything that 
goes to make a merry Christmas was asked for, and as 
nearly as possible everything-was granted and gotten ac- 
cording to their asking. The aged people likewise were 
given opportunity to ask for the things they wished and 
their wants were supplied. As Christmas drew near all the 
rooms were decorated with wreaths in the windows and bells 
in the halls. In the children's dining hall there was erected 
a beautiful imitation fire place which added much to the 
beauty of the room and was a pleasure to the children and 

There are always people whose hearts are touched with 
sympathy for the unfortunate ones. Therefore they bring 
or send their gifts and checks until every boy and girl and 
all the aged people could be nothing else but happy. Two 
weeks before Christmas boxes began to come in by ex- 
press from Aid Societies. The boxes were filled with nice 
new garments and blankets. The mails began to bring in 
many parcel post packages, and a day or two before regis- 
tered letters came with checks from Sunday-school classes 
and individuals, from judges and lawyers, from business men 
and orders— a«ch a bountiful supply of Christmas cheer. 
Not the le*»t of all good things was the splendid chicken 
dinner served to all. 

We fail when we try to express our gratitude and thanks 


After some hesitation and devotion, and after a period 
of thirteen years and a half on the southern field of South- 
ern Ohio we decided by the Lord's help and his will that 
we should change locations. 

The above has worked out and we now find ourselves 
with the East Dayton congregation on the first Sunday of 
the new year. Here we have found a delightful congrega- 
tion and a deep devotional atmosphere. For five years they 
have had a fine devotional tone inspired by the leadership 
of their former pastor, Bro. W. J. Buckley, who has gone 
to be the pastor of the Elkhart congregation. We write 
for two special reasons : First, to say that if there are mem- 
bers known to be coming to Dayton, or who are residing 
in the city, kindly let us know where they are, or when 
they are coming and one of the two Dayton congregations 
will be glad to care for Uiem according to their location 
in the cityr Second, if there should be those who need the 
fostering care of the church, and who are not yet members, 
but who were good friends of the church where they last 
resided, we shall be glad to continue the friendship and 
fellowship. Our address is 129 S. Philadelphia St., Dayton, 
0hio - Van B. Wright. ■ 

Dayton, Ohio. . . . 


Following a stroke of apoplexy on December 2, Sister 
Emma Hertzler Barnhart died at 8 o'clock Sunday eve- 
ning, at her home in New Carlisle, Ohio, without regain- 
ing consciousness. She was 
the wife of Eld. Josephus E. 
Barnhart, a former member 
of the Southern Ohio Mis- 
sion Board, now an invalid. 
She was the daughter of 
Levi and Catharine Hertzler, 
nee Royer, and was born in 
Lebanon County, Pennsyl- 
vania, August 16, 1864. At 
the age of seven, her parents 
migrated to Tennessee and 
settled near Concord, Knox 
County. Ten years later, 
they moved to Montgomery 
County, Ohio, within the bounds of the Bear Creek church. 
Here, in her sixteenth year, she began her life of Chris- 
tian seA'ice, A year or two later, she came with her 
parents to Clark County, where with the exception of ten 
years in Stafford County, Kansas, and one year in Spring- 
field, Mo., she had since resided. 

January 2t, 1886, she united in marriage with Josephus 
E. Barnhart. During these years, she has been a faithful 
wife and mother, having reared a family of nine children, 
who with the invalid father, deeply mourn her sudden 

While Bro. Barnhart was in his active ministry, serving 
as minister, presiding elder and member of the Mission 
Board, she faithfully and loyally stood by him under the 
added duties and responsibilities that were hers. Since 
his affliction in 1910, when he lost his voice and the use 
of his lower limbs, she has ministered to him constantly 
and gave her life to the welfare of those she loved. 

The sympathy of the entire church goes out to this 
stricken home. 

" The dear Lord's best interpreters, •— _ 

Arc humble human souls. 
The gospel of a life Ijke hers 

Is more than books or scrolls." 

Funeral services were conducted at the New Carlisle 
church December 10 by the writer, assisted by Elders 
D. S. Dredge and J. B. G«np. 

New Carlisle, Ohio. J. Howard Eidemiller. 

note that the fifty 

cquired for the publication of a 

ag^e notice rncy be applied to a three months' " Gospel Mes- 
r subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
, and full address given. 

Elkenberry-Neher.— By the undersigned at the home of the groom, 
Dec. 25, 1924, Bro. Oren Eikcnberry, of Flora, Ind., and Sister 
Catherine Neher, of North Manchester, Ind.— A. R. Eikenberry, North 
Manchester, Ind. 

Hostetler-Otto.-On Dec. 31, 1924, at the home of the bride's par- 
ents, by the writer, Mr. Charlton E. Hosteller and Sister Flora E. 
Otto, both of Indianapolis.— C. A. Wright, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Jeffers- Whitney .—By the undersigned, on Dec. 7, 1924, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Mr. Charles F. Jeffers, of Canada, and 
Sister Thelma Whitney, of Indianapolis.— C. A. Wright, Indianapolis, 
Ind. • 

Lu gar -B osier.— By the undersigned, at the parsonage of the 
Church of the Brethren, Oakland. Calif.. Dec. 19, 1924. Mr. B. V. 
Lugar. of Berkeley. Cal.. and Sister Daisy Boslcr, of Indiana.— W. M. 
Piatt. Oakland, Cal. 

Lutz-Fcller.— By the undersigned at his residence Dec. 20, 1924, 
Mr. Boyd Eugene Lutz and Sister Ruby Florella Feller, both of 
Mogadore, Ohio.— C. L. Wilkins, Mogadore, Ohio. 

Mishler-Shiider.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Bro. Neri and Sister Martha Shrider, of Butternut, Mich., 
Jan. I, 1925, Bro. Ray N. Mishler and Sister Ruth A. Shrider.— 
Perry A. Arnold, Beaverton, Mich. 

Noel-Robertaon.— At the home of the bride. Brother and Sister 
Frank Robertson, Long Beach, Calif., Dec. 26, 1924, Mr. Earl F. Noel 
and Miss Amy Robertson, both of Long Beach, Calif.— J. S. Zim- 
merman, Long Beach, Calif. 

Pctry-Petry.— At my residence, The Homestead, Nov. 14, 1924, 
Mr. Ralph Pctry and Sister Mary B. Petry, both of Eldorado, Ohio. 
—I. G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Rowley-Smith.— At the parsonage, Long Beach, Calif.. Dec. 3, 
1924, Mr. Charles A. Rowley and Mrs. Irene Smith, both of Long 
Beach, Calif.— J. S. Zimmerman, Long Beach, Calif. 

Wood-Guynn.— On Nov. 18, 1924, at the church parsonage, the 
wedding of Mr. Forest Wood and Miss Alice Guynn, both of In- 
dianapolis, was solemnized by the writer.— C. A. Wright, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 


Adamaon, Elizabeth (Snyder), born June 21, 1854, at Eaton, Ind., 
died Oct. 10. 1924, after a brief illness. She married Andrew Adam- 
son March 25, 1875. There were three daughters and five sons, six 
of whom are now living. A sister also survives. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren in 1876, and remained a faithful, con- 
secrated worker until the end. She, with her husband, moved from 
Indiana to Marshalltown, Iowa, coming from there to Kansas some 
forty years ago. Her husband preceded her July 19, 1904.— Paul K. 
Brandt, St. John, Kans. 

Alley, James David, born at Staunton, Va., died near Phillipsburg, 
Dec. 16, 1924, aged 69 years, 11 months and 1 day. At the age of 
twenty-five he came to Ohio. He married Louisa Heckman in 1883. 
At the age of eighteen he united with the Church of the Brethren, 
living a faithful Christian life until death. Surviving are his wife, 
one brother and one sister. Services at the Salem church by Sylvan 
Bookwalter. Interment in Bethel cemetery.— Alice Bookwalter, Phil- 
lipsburg, Ohio. 

Beckner, Grace Adona, daughter of Bro. Ross and Sister Effie 
Bcckner, born Oct. 29, 1923, died of acute pneumonia Dec. 25, 1924. 
Services at tho South Beatrice church by the writer.— G. W. Ellen- 
berger, Holmcsville, Nebr. 

Bestor, Lola Fern, youngest child of Bro. George and Sister Mary 
Bestor, died of leakage of the heart Dec. 12, 1924, aged 9 years, 1 
month and 28 days. She leaves father, mother, two brothers and 
two sisters. Services at the Brethren church by G. R. Montz. 
Interment in the cemetery near by.— Mrs. J. C. Tammel, Preston, 

Carney, Albert W., born in Pennsylvania, At the age of ten years 
his parents moved to Iowa settling near the town of Greene. Bro. 
Carney lived at Greene, La Porte City, and Waterloo, Iowa. Be- 
cause of failing health he moved to Long Beach, Calif., five years 
ago. "He has been on his bed for the last four years. He was 
one of the most patient sufferers the writer has had the privilege 
of visiting. His faith in God through Christ grew stronger each 
day. He was an inspiration to all of the many friends who visited 
him. Bro. Carney died Dec. 19, 1924, aged 61 years, 9 months, and 
27 days.— J. S. Zimmerman, Long Beach, Calif. 

Carpenter, Sister Catharine, nee Fisher, died Oct. 25, 1924, aged 
76 years, 11 months and 11 days. She was baptized while yet single, 
near Union Deposit, Pa., her grandmother having been a member 
of the Brethren. She was married in 1871, to Daniel Carpenter. 
They resided for eighteen years in Harrisburg, Pa., but for more 
than twenty years have lived in Lebanon. She lay for weeks in a 
state of coma but was granted a moment of consciousness a short 
time before death. Being without church home in her last years 
she turned to us and was accepted as a member of the First Church 
of the Brethren on her baptism. She leaves beside her husband, 
four children. Services by the writer, assisted by Rev. Roy Winters 
of the Lutheran church. Interment in the Mt. Lebanon cemetery.— 
J. G. Francis, Lebanon, Pa. 

Edwards, Bro. Herman, son of Bro. Harry and Sister Mary Snare 
Edwards, died Dec. 17, 1924, of a complication, aged 14 years, 11 
months and 16 days. He had suffered for some weeks from an 
attack of mumps and ton sili tis, then he developed something that 
had some of the symptoms of appendicitis. He was rushed to the 
Altoona Hospital, but it was too late for an operation. At 12:15 
that night he passed quietly away. He was an unusual boy— in- 
dustrious, trusted, loyal in school and church, and loved by all. 
When he was eleven years old he united with the church. The 
funeral was held in the Williamsburg churchhouse. Services by 
the home ministers. Interment was made in the cemetery near 
Shclleytown.— Levi K. Ziegler, Williamsburg, Pa. 

Erickson, Bro. John E., died at the home of his daughter, in 
Manistee, Mich., Dec. 15, 1924, aged 58 years, 9 months and 19 
days. He called for the anointing during his illness. He came 
to this country from Sweden with his parents when a small boy. 
May 4, 1892, he married Myrtle Crouch. There were fifteen children, 
fourteen of whom survive with his wife, twelve grandchildren, one 
brother and four sisters. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren nearly fourteen years ago and has lived a devoted Chris- 
tian life, being one of our faithful deacons and Sunday-school 
superintendent at the time of his death. He was always willing 
to serve the church to the best of his ability. Services at the 
Onekama church by Eld. G. Nevinger. Burial in the cemetery north 
of town. — Mrs. G. Nevinger, Onekama, Mich. 

Fahrney, Daniel H., was born at Quincy, Franklin Co., Pa., March 
20, 1836, and died at his home in Waynesboro, Pa., Dec. 21, 1924, aged " 
88 years, 9 months and 1 day. He was the son of Dr. Jacob and 
Elizabeth Holsinger Fahrney, and a brother of the late Dr. Peter 
Fahrney. At the age of sixteen he united with the Church of the 
Brethren and lived faithful to his Master until the end came. In 
February, 1861, he was married to Rebecca Hohf, who preceded him 
about eight years. He leaves three children. Services at the home 
of his daughter, Mrs. K. B. Moomaw, in Waynesboro, conducted by 
Eld. J. M. Moore. Burial in Burns Hill cemetery.— Mrs. J. M. 
Moore, Waynesboro, Pa, 

Fierheller, George, son of John and Mary Fierheller, born near Mil- 
ledgeville, III., died Jan. 1, 1925, aged 53 years, 2 months and 19 days. 
Feb. 14, 1907, he married Annie Whitmer who survives with a fos- 
ter son, two brothers and three sisters. Feb. 18, 1885, he was 
baptized in this congregation and has held his membership here 
ever since. He was active in church work and in all enterprises 
that tended to the uplift of the community. The testimony of 
those who had business dealings with him has been that he was 
always foursquare. He knew how to sympathize with and help those 
in need and was always ready to do his full share in every worthy 
cause. In his church he was a leader. He was a hard worker; 
he enjoyed work. He possessed a big heart that knew no favorites. 
He was true to his convictions and made his Christian life real 
by manifesting the Master's spirit on all occasions. Services at 
the Milledgeville church by the writer, his pastor, assisted by 
Brethren O. F. Shaw and J. E. Miller. Burial in the near-by 
cemetery.— Paul B. Studebaker, Milledgeville, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


Flory, Bro. Timothy, son of Eld. Henry and Ma gd aline Flory, 
born in Defiance County, Ohio, died Dec. 18, 1924. at his home at 
Wine gars, Mich., aged 51 years, 11 months and 2 days. He united 
with the church sonic years ago and we believe tried to live a true, 
devoted lite. He leaves a wife and three sons and several brothers 
and sisters. The remains were brought back to the old home near 
Defiance. Services in the North Poplar Ridge church by the writer, 
assisted by Bro. J. Hornish.— D. P. Koch, Montpclier, Ohio. 

Frantz, Bro. Abraham B., born June 10, 186.1, near Frcystown, Pa., 
son of John and Elizabeth Frantz. He was married April 23, 1891, to 
Elizabeth Donrooyer. Together they united with the Church of 
the Brethren twenty years ago. Through his father he is descended 
from charter members of the old Little Swatara church organized 
soon after 1750. He is survived by his wife, four children and one 
grandchild. All the children are members of the Brethren but one. 
One son died in France in the service of his country. Services by 
Bro. Nathan Martin. Interment in the cemetery of the Lebanon 
City Brethren at Midway.— J. G. Francis, Lebanon, Pa. 

Garrett, Ruth, youngest of the five children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Elzic W. Garrett, of Muncie, Ind„ died Nov. 23, 1924, aged eleven 
years. She met a tragic and untimely death when her clothing 
caught fire and her body was severely burned. She died in less 
than a day's time afterward. There were scars on her body but 
none on her life. How glorious this latter fact! Her earthly 
life was brief but beautiful. She had accepted Christ as her 
Savior in the (Progressive) Brethren Church. Serrvices by her 
pastor, Rev. J. L. Kimmel, assisted by the writer at the Muncie 
Church of the Brethren.— Ralph G. Rarick. Muncie, Ind. 

Gros*, Sister Mary Ellen, died of pneumonia, Dec. 26, 1924, aged 
66 years, 10 months and 27 days. She is survived by her husband, 
five children and twenty-one grandchildren. Services at the Middle 
Creek church by Bro. W. K. Kulp. Interment in the cemetery 
near by.— Mrs. Cora Bittner, Rockwood, Pa. 

Jan-els, Janey Margaret, born May 23, 1924, died Nov. 19, 1924. 
She contracted influenza which developed into bronchial pneumonia. 
Her name had just been placed on the Cradle Roll. She leaves fa- 
ther, mother, two sisters and two brothers. Services at Mill Creek 
church. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— Ida VVjlbcrgcr, Port Re- 
public, Va. 

Johnson, Sister Sarah Palmer, born in Wayne County, Mich., died 
at the home of her daughter, Mrs. E. W. Hastings, near Portis, 
Kans., Dec. 11, 1924. aged 86 years, 1 month and 23 days. Her hus- 
band preceded her March 12, 1893. She is survived by two sons 
and one daughter; two children preceded her. At fifteen years of 
age she united with the U. B. Church but later with the Church of 
the Brethren. Services at the home by Eld. J, R. Garber assisted 
by the M. E. pastor, Rev. F. N. Stelson. Burial in the Bethany 
cemetery near Portis.— J. £. Small, Portis, Kans. 

Kulp. Sister M. ,y Bottorff, born near Washingtonville, Ohio, 
died at her home in Friendsvillc, Ohio, Oct. 31, 1924, aged 85 years, 
6 months and 16 days. She with her husband was converted in the 
early part of their married life. She remained a member of the 
Church of the Brethren till death. Her husband preceded her 
thirteen years ago. She leaves six children. Services from her 
son's home in Lodi, Ohio, by the pastor, D. E. Sower. Interment 
in the Lodi cemetery.— Mrs. D. E. Sower, Spencer, Ohio. 

Miller, Bro. Samuel David, son of Bro. Samuel and Betsy Miller, 
horn Dec. -2, 1857. He was married Dec. 6, 1839, to Decie E. Keys' 
who died sixteen years ago. There were five children the oldest 
dying in infancy. Two sons and two daughters are in the home. 
Bro. Miller comes from one of the most prominent families of the 
Valley of Virginia. Many years ago he located in the Pleasant Val- 
ley section of Washington County. He was the youngest of ten 
children— four sons and six daughters. A brother and two sisters 
still live on the old home farm.— P. D. Reed, Limestone, Tenn. 

Patton, Amelia Stevens, born Dec. 4, 1847, in Cincinnati, Ohio 
died Dec. 3, 1924. During the Civil War some of the Tennessee boya 
were in Cincinnati where she became acquainted with them, 
and one in particular, Sam Kirk, whom she married later. They 
came to Big Limestone Creek. There were two- sons who survive. 
She was left a widow about eighteen years ago and later married 
Robert Patton. She accidentally fell eight years ago which left 
her a cripple. She was a lifelong Methodist. Service's in Salem 
church at Washington College by the writer.— P. E. Reed, Lime- 
stone, Tenn. 

Reiff, John B., born in Woodford County, III., died, Dec. 18, 1924, at 
his home near Holmesville, aged 61 years, 10 months and 8 days 
He united with the Brethren Church early in life. He was called 
to the ministry in 1886, and was always interested in the activities 
and welfare of the church. In February, 1889, he moved with his 
family from Illinois to Holmesville where he resided until his death. 
He was married Feb. 15, 1885, to Emma S. Gish who passed away 
Jan. 16, 1897. To this union were born six children. June 22, 1899, 
he married Martha L. Fink and to this union were born five chil- 
dren. As a husband and father he was faithful, devoted, kind and 
loving, attentive to every interest in the home, not sparing him- 
self in any way, but constantly thinking of how he could serve 
those he loved best. His cheerful disposition and unselfishness 
and sacrifice made his home a happy place. As a neighbor he was 
always ready and willing to lend any assistance possible. He leaves 
his wife, .nine children and eleven grandchildren, also one sister 
Services at the South Beatrice church by his pastor, the writer. 
Interment in Brethren cemetery.— G. W. Elleiibcrger, Holmesville, 

Schriver, Sister Lucy, wife of Bro. Geo. H. Schrivcr, died at her 
home m Hanover, Pa., Dec. 16, 1924, aged 49 years, 6 months and 20 
days. She was ill for nearly two years. Death was due to a com- 
plication of diseases. She was a daughter of Abraham and Sarah 
Isabelle (Stoner) Leib. Surviving arc her husband, father, one 
brother and three sisters. She will be missed by her coworkers of 
the Aid Society, the meetings being held in her home. For several 
years she served as secretary. She was of great assistance to her 
husband in the deacon's office, always willing to help wherever 
needed. She had completed a three year teacher-training course 
and served as a Sunday-school teacher. Services in the Mummert 
meetinghouse by Eld. Clias. L. Baker and Bro. Jacob E. Myers. 
Burial in the adjoining cemetery.— Mary A. Rhinehart, Hanover, Pa. 

Sutter, Bro. Simon, born in Meyersdale, Pa., died Nov. 25 1924, 
aged 76 years, 7 months and 29 days. He wag the oldest son of 
Daniel and Caroline Sutter and when four years of age his parents 
moved to Ashton, III., where he grew to manhood. At the age of 
twenty-two he turned westward locating near Abilene, Kans., where 
,ot l ' n ? Urcd the hardsh 'I 1 s of early western pioneer life. Tn October, 
f ',™ married Sist *r Hannah DeHaven who preceded him Oct. 
IS, 1909. There were seven children all of whom are living In 1910 
he married Mrs. Susan Riddlebarger who survives. In 1888 Bro 
Sutter and family moved to Louisiana settling near Roanoke! 
though a busy man he was never too busy to serve his church 
and community. He was mayor of Jennings two years and for many 
years deacon and trustee in the church. He was always interested 
«n everything that meant social, moral, civic and spiritual right- 
eousness. Jt was largely through his efforts that the Roanoke 
church W3S organized; he was one of the few living charter mem- 
inH S T »v" 8 at hLs . homc in J enni "K* by Brethren J. F. Hoke 
and J. B. F.restone. Interment in the Greenwood cemetery .-Dorothy 
Hoke, Roanoke, La. 

Wilt, Mary Jane, daughter of John W. and Pernina Harrison, was 
.lit* near : Hollansb » r K. Darke County, Ohio, March 29, 1869. She 
chlh Mr n S a " ° f her birth ' in the hounds of tt,c rrice 's Creek 

year Sb I"' H ^' af '" conslan ' sufferi "8 for more than a 
A?«,.r» I™ 30 " the wift of Geor * e E ' Wilt, of New Madison. Ohio, 
of ?h p \L 887, and With h " hu ^and, was received into the Church 
Two da „Llt m 18 u' UOder the P™<*ing <>' Eld. J. F. Spitzer. 

KmndrVH W ". e b0r " '° thi9 Union - l,oth 0( whom »ith four 

grandchddren She also leaves . her husband, an aged 
wi°h bnr^l ■ .T br0thc "- Fu ""*' ^vices at Cedar Grove house. 
vYl e Ohio m cemct «y at N«w Madison.-I. G. Blocher. Green- 


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Order from 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 17, 1925 


Officio] Organ of the Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
era! Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, III., at $200 pet 
advance (Canada subscriptions iitty cents extra..) 

H. A. BP ' 


A*«iat*nl Editor 

, 22 we opened a scries of meetings at the 
charge of Bro. Ira Gibble. Two accepted 
Christ. Nov. 23 was our children's meeting. Bro. Ebcrsole, of 
Hershcy, Pa., gave an interesting illustrated talk on the magnetic 
power of Christ. Dec. 29 the church met in business session. 
Sunday-school officers were elected, also church clerk and trustees. 
A permanent date was decided upon for the love feast— the fourth 
Wednesday in May and November. I. W. Taylor acted 
ator.— J. M. Bollinger, Lititz, Pa.. Dec. 31. 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., a3 Second-class Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917. authorized August 20, 1918. 



tet in bnsi 

Belmont congregation 
house Dec. 26 with Eld. I. N. Ziglci 
were elected with Bro. I. N. Zigler eld 
the exception of " Messenger " agent were reelected. 1 
Mason was chosen to this office. Our little congregation 

, session at the Belmont 

presiding. Church officers 

All former officers with 



Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 45) 
and will I think he baptized in the near future. On the 14th we 
held our council. Five letters were received. Bro R. L GraybJl 
was reelected Sunday-school superintendent; D. H. Hoi I. church 
clerk- the writer "Messenger" agent and correspondent; Eugene 
W Pratt elder in charge for one year. We arc hoping Bro. Ernst 
may come hack in (he spring and hold more meetings for us and 
also at our country appointment. He is an earnest worker and 
stands firm for our old lamlmarks.-Eugenc W. Pratt, Albany, 
Ore, Dec. 30. 

Ashland church met in council Dec. 13 to elect officers for the 
year Eld. M. C. Lininger was reelected elder; Bro. D. N. Brower, 
church clerk; the writer, " Messenger " agent and correspond- 
ent- Sister Laura Goctzc, .superintendent; she has filled this office 
(or several years. The Sunday-school gave a Christmas program 
Dec 23. The children did their parts well. The young people gave 
special songs and the' program was enjoyed by all. Afterward a 
Christmas treat was given (o all. The attendance at Sunday-school 
is good.— Mrs. Blanche Lininger, Ashland, Ore., Jan. 2. 

Grants Pass.— Bvo. Ezra L, Whislcr and wife from Ajlune, Wash., 
paid J. L. Chriatlieb and family a visit recently. Bro. Whislcr 
preached for us on Thursday, prayer meeting evening. We have 
had a sad Christmas, our pastor, Bro. H. Smith, being critically 
ill with an attack of the flu. At this writing he is resting easier, 
for which we arc glad. Bro. M. C. Lininger. our elder, from 
Ashland, filled the pulpit last evening, with interest. He drives 
ninety-eight miles once a month to Williams to preach to a few 
faithful ones there. He said that the work at present looks more 
encouraging and a brighter future is anticipated.— Mrs. J. L, 
Chriatlieb, Grants Pass, Ore., Jan. 2. 

Mabel congregation met in council Dec. 27 to elect officers for 
the year: Clerk. Mary E. Rittcr; correspondent and agent, the 
writer; Sunday-sehoo) superintendent, Laura Adams; Christian 
Workers" presidents, Mrs. H. M. Young and H. H. Ritter. We hope 
to do more and better work the coming year.— H. H. Rittcr, Mabel, 
Ore., Dec. 31, 

Weston church met in council Nov. 27 with Bro. E. E. Tucker 
presiding. Bro. John Boncwitz was chosen elder and church and 
Sunday-school officers were reelected for another six months. Sis- 
ter Grace Boncwitz is superintendent at Weston and Bro. E. L. 
Withers at Pendleton. One letter was received. We consider this 
meeting a great spiritual blessing as most all members were 
present. It is only on rare occasions that we have so large an 
attendance at our members' meeting, as our working body, which 
is not large, is divided between our home church, Pendleton mission 
point, and a Sunday-school at Hass, Wash., which is conducted 
by Bro. J. D. Miller and family. We are planning a revival and a 
love feast iu the early spring.— Mrs. E. E. Tucker, Weston, Ore., 


Brothers Valley congregation met in council Jan. 1 with Bro. 
Rhodes as moderator. We reelected him as elder and pastor for 
1925. Brethren R. W. E. Shohcr and C. R. Bauermaster were chosen 
superintendents of the Sunday-school. The reports of both church 
and Sunday-school showed that the work had progressed very nicely 
during the year. We decided to have evangelistic meetings in the 
spring.— B. B. Dickey, Berlin. Pa.. Jan. 4. 

LeamersvUle church met in council Dec. 21. Bro. J. Miller was 
chosen elder; Vera Lingenfelter Sunday-school superintendent. On 
New Year's Day a number met at the church, the men chopping 
wood and the ladies doing Aid Society work. In the evening a 
fellowship supper was enjoyed by quite a number both young and 
old. This refreshing season was concluded by some helpful stories 
and singing, after which a service of song was engaged in and a 
consecration service. A talk was given by our pastor and we were 
dismissed, all feeling it was good to have been there.— Florine 
Snowberger, East Freedom, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Marsh Creek church met in council Jan. 1 with Eld. Grant Group 
presiding, We have decided to hold a series of meetings in the 
Gettysburg house sometime this summer. Our love feast at the 
Marsh Creek house will be May 24 beginning at 2: 30 P. M. We 
appointed several committees to look after the disinterested mem- 
bers as well as those who move into the congregation, — Ida M. 
Lightner, Gettysburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Rummel church recently elected officers for 1925 with Bro. Henry 
Helman, clerk; the writer. "Messenger" correspondent; Mrs. D. P. 
Hoover, *' Messenger " agent; C. S. Knave], superintendent of the 
Sunday-school. The church met in business session Jan. 2 with 
Bro. D. P. Hoover presiding. The committee on arranging for an 
additional Sunday-school room reported the work completed. We 
expect Bro. L. R. Holsinger, of Martinsburg, Pa., to be with us in 
a series of meetings in May. ~~" Since our last report one has been 
received by baptism and ten by letter. Our pastor, Bro. D. P. 
Hoover, was elected for another vcar.— Luclla Knavel, Windber, Pa., 
Jan. 5. 

Shade Creek church met in council Dec. 16 at which time offi- 
cers were elected for the coming year. Bro. Zook, our pastor, was 
again chosen elder. Sunday-school officers have also been elected 
at the three schools. The Ridge and Berkey schools rendered Christ- 
mas programs. A Thanksgiving service was held at the Ridge 
house. Bro. Zook held a meeting at Central City the first part, of 
November. He was much handicapped by a severe cold but his " 
work was appreciated. The little band of workers there is keeping 
faithfully on. Our next missionary meeting will be held at the 
Berkey house. Sister O. F. Fyock will be our corresponding secre- 
tary for 1925.— Mrs, J. L. Weaver. Windber, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Spring Creek.— At our love feast Oct. 18 we had the pleasure 
of having thirteen ministering brethren with us. Bro. Samuel Hess 
officiated. Two were received into the church, one by baptism and 
one on former baptism. At our Thanksgiving service an offering 
of $40.21 was lifted for the anniversary of missions. Dec. 13 a 
program was given under the direction of the temperance com- 
mittee. Bro, F. S. Carper, of Palmyra, gave the address. Our 
quarterly council was held Dec. 20 at which time the officers of 
the two Sunday-schools were ratified: Superintendent of Spring 
Creek, Milton Bashore; Hummelstown, Chester Ebersole. Three 
letters were received and seven granted. Our Christmas program 
was given Dec. 21, the children taking an active part, after which 
Bro. Chester Royer. of Elizabeth town, spoke on "The Meaning of 
Christmas." On the afternoon of the same day the Hummelstown 
school also rendered a program.— Mary Bashore, Hcrshey, Pa., Dec. 

Welsh Run.— On Thanksgiving Day services were held in the fore- 
noon by the home brethren. We lifted an offering for mission 
work. On Christmas Day Bro. L. E. Elliott preached a very ap- 
propriate sermon. We expect Bro. Michael Kurtz of Richland, Pa., 
to be with us May 17 to commence a two weeks' meeting, closing 
with a love feast.— Otho D. Martin, Mercersburg, Pa., Jan. 2. 

built up by the series of meetings conducted by Bro. W. H. Zigler, 

of Churchville, Va., from Nov. 2 to Nov. 16. Bro. Zigler preached 
eighteen strong sermons. Although there was only one convert 
we feel that much good seed was sown. Our Christian Workers' 
Society furnished special programs for both Thanksgiving and 
Christmas— Florence Yagcl, Belmont, Va.. Dec. 31. 

Peters Creek church met Dec. 25 for the purpose of reorganizing 
the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society. Bro. Price Garst 
was chosen superintendent and Bro. "Walter Plunket president. Bro. 
Albert Showalter was chosen superintendent of the Cove Sunday- 
school, a mission point in the Peters Creek congregation.— Mrs. Ida 
Showalter. Roanoke. Va., Dec. 30. 

Staunton church met in council Dec. 5 with- Eld. A. S. Thomas 
presiding. Eld. H. G. Miller was also with us. The following 
officers were elected for another year: Elder, A. S. Thomas; clerk, 
H. M. Garber; Sunday-school superintendent, J. S. Hall; president 
of Christian Workers, J. S. Garber; " Messenger " agent, J. C. 
Garber; correspondent, Catharine Wilkerson. We expect Bro. John 
R. Snyder, of Huntingdon, Pa., to begin a series of meetings March 
1. Nov. 2 representatives of the Mission Band of Bridgewater Col- 
lege gave us a program on Consecration. Nov. 9 the music de- 
partment of the college gave a musical program. Both were in- 
spirational and uplifting. Wc were glad to have them with us. 
—Mary A. Diehl, Staunton, Va„ Dec. 31. 

Tinker Creek.— We held our love feast Nov. 29 with very encour- 
aging attendance. Bro. C. D. Hylton officiated. Our Christian 
Workers" Meeting continues to be an interesting part of our Sunday 
evening service, With the hearty cooperation of the church and 
Sister Jennings' unceasing prayers our church has made wonderful 
progress. The Sunday-school has almost doubled what it was one 
year ago.— Mrs. Mary Bunch, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 30. 

Troutville.— Wc held our quarterly council Dec. 6. The various 
church officers were elected for the year: C. S. Ikenherry, elder; 
E. C. Firestone, clerk; the writer correspondent. Our Sunday- 
school reelected Bro. A. R. Brillbart as superintendent. A very 
interesting program was given by the children and young people 
on Christmas night. The Trinity Sunday- school gave a Christmas 
program on the following Sunday night. — Frankie Showalter, Trout- 
ville, Va., Jan. 3. 


North Spokane.— We closed a two weeks' revival Dec. 21 held 
by Evangelist J. Edwin Jarboe and wife of Lincoln, Nebr. Forty- 
four members were added to the church. We were certainly blessed 
by Bro. Jarboc's stay here. Our meetings were well attended and 
the community as a whole was interested. The church purchased 
a tank for baptismal services and placed it in the church tempor- 
arily; it will be used for the baptistry when the new church is 
completed. Dec. 22 Bro. Jarboe baptized thirty-five and on Tuesday 
evening nine more. Immediately afterward the love feast was held 
with a large crowd in attendance. Bro, W. Lehman, of the West 
Side church of Spokane, was the only visiting elder. We are con- 
tinuing our weekly prayer meetings but are holding them in the 
church instead of the homes owing to the increased 'membership. 
We had our regular council along with a called council Dec. 13 

with Eld. W. H. Tigner in charge, assisted by Bro. Sherman Clap- 
per.— Mrs. Grace Mcintosh. Hillyard. Wash., Dec. 24. 

Omak.— We held our Thanksgiving service at 10:30 on Thanks- 
giving day. Eld. G. A. Shambcrger conducted the devotionab serv- 
ice, and Eld. Luther Shatto preached the sermon. We met again 
in the evening for our communion service. Visiting ministers present, 
George Stern and Elders G. A. Shamberger, Luther Shatto, C. E. 
Holmes and H. M. Rothrock. Bro. Stern officiated. On Dec. 6 
we met for our regular quarterly council and elected our church 
and Sunday-school officers for 1925. For the Sunday-school. Ralph 
E. Brcshears, superintendent and the writer assistant. B. E. 
Breshears was elected Publishing House agent and the writer 
" Messenger " correspondent. On Sunday evening, Dec. 7, Eld. 
Stiverson gave the illustrated lecture " Christ the Hope of India." 
—Mrs. Sarah A. Stiverson, Omak, Wash., Dec. 29. 

Tacoma." Dec. 28 our Christmas program was rendered and en- 
joyed by all. The collection was $8-61. Following the program 
we served dinner for sixty-five. In the afternoon we met in council 
with Bro. E. S. Gregory presiding. Five h 
Church officers were elected as follows: Clerk, 
"Messenger" correspondent and agent, Sister Orpha Eby; Sunday- 
school superintendent, Bro. D. O. Dewey.— Sylvia E. Ruff, Tacoma, 


Sarah Telling; 



Wcnatchee Valley. — Sunday evening Dec. 21, our Choral Union 
rendered the cantata, " The Angels' Chorus." Following this was 
a brief but impressive White Gift service, conducted by the pastor, 
Bro. Ira Lapp. The missionary offering amounted to $89, beside an 
abundance of material gifts which were brought for the needy 
of the city. Sunday evening, Dec. 28, the Sunday -school pupils 
gave a program which was very much enjoyed by everyone. Th.s 
Cradle Roll. Beginners, and Primaries shared a larger part than 
usual in a program of this kind. The Juniors gave a missionary 
Christmas pageant, and the Intermediate-Senior Department, a 
Christmas pageant. The Clean Life Army has been reorganized, 
with Lloyd Dunning leader. The building activity still continues. 
The new and last unit of the church basement is nearly completed, 
the work being accomplished in a remarkably short time, the weather 
having been favorable and the cooperation of the brethren splendid. 
The parsonage is also well under way— excavation being done and 
the forms erected, ready for the concrete work. We have every 
reason to believe the Lord is greatly blessing our program. Under 
the optimistic and Spirit-filled leadership of Bro. Lapp our difficulties 
seem to vanish into thin air and we feel like singing as those 
of old, " The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we arc 
glad."— Mrs. C. R. Weimer. Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 31. 


Eglon.— Dec. 6 we met in council with Eld. John S. Fike presiding. 
Various committees were appointed. We are also reorganizing our 
Sunday-school. We have started a Teacher- training class of thir- 
teen members with Dr. H. C. Miller as teacher. During November 
we held a 'peace meeting which was largely attended not only by 
our own people but also by our Lutheran and Methodist friends. 
Dec. 20 our eighteenth annual Bible Institute began. Bro. C. D. 
Bonsack taught a period each forenoon on the " Practical Teachings 
of Jesus," and in the afternoon on the Book of James. Each eve- 
ning he preached a soul-inspiring sermon. Eld. E. T. Fike had 
a period each forenoon on Philippians and Eld. Obcd Hamstead in 
the afternoon on Galatians. Dec. 28 was Stewardship and Missionary 
Day. Bro. Bonsack preached on Stewardship in the morning and 
installed our Sunday-school teachers and officers. In the afternoon 
he preached a missionary sermon. During the week our program 
was interspersed with songs, recitations, essays and talks by home 
talent. Many of our young men and. women were home from 
school. During the Institute we raised over $100 for church work. 
— Elmina Teets, Eglon, W. Va., Dec. 29. 


Chippewa Valley.— A Christmas program was given Dec. 23 which 
was enjoyed by a large crowd, At the close a treat was given 
to all present. The work here is moving along nicely under the 
direction of Bro. Hyde.— John Cripe, Mondovi, Wis., Dec. 31. 

it easy 
on the 


1 3 

for our 

SUNSET DAYS down in the val- 
ley are ahead for all of us. Will 
your way be smooth through finan- 
cial independence to a reasonable 
extent? You who have worked 
many years owe yourself a com- 
fortable old age. 

One of the ways to insure comfort 
and independence as you travel 
on the down grade of life is to place 
a substantial amount of your cap- 
ital funds in the ANNUITY 
BON DS of the General Mission 

The Board is old in experience in the handling 
of trust funds; it positively does not speculate with 
its trust funds, but invests them according to stand- 
ards of the best trust and savings banks and old 
line insurance companies ; its good as cash resources 
exceed a million and a half dollars. This state- 
ment is made to impress you with our ability and 
willingness to do our part to make it easy for you 
on the down grade of life. 

Ger\eral Mission. Board 

Elgiiv Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel of the Kingdom shall he preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

" THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«. 6: io, Luke u. 2 

"Till we all attain unto ... the : 
the fulness of Christ."-Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 74 

Elgin, 111., January 24, 1925 

No. 4 

In This Number 


A Morning at the Goodharts' -19 

Personalities and Souls, 49 

When Things Arc Good Enough, 49 

Among the Churches 56 

Around the World 57 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) ' 57 

Our Forward Movement — 

A Hopeful Change, 53 

Lord's Acre Plan, 

Our 1925 Yearbook, 


General Forum— 

I Only Know Christ (Poem), 50 

Serious Optimism. By Otho Winger v ...,50 

Regeneration.— Part 1. By H. C. Early 51 

A Time for Meditation and Reconsecration. By Chas. D. Bon- 
sack, 51 

Then and Now. By S. Z. Sharp '. 51 

The Value of the Ordinances. By C. F. Yoder S2 

The Pastor's Study- 
Preachers Who Do Not Preach. By M. W. Emmert 54 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus.— No. 10. By Win. 

Kinsey, 54 

The Pastor's Challenge. By Walter McDonald Kahle 54 

Home and Family— 

A Kindness (Poem) 55 

The Face on the Wall. By Carl Coffman, : 55 

The South Dakota Resolutions SS 

" There Are Some Things Doctors Can't Do." By Jacob H. 
Hollinger 55 


A Morning at the Goodharts' 

Concrete cases take hold of the mind more readily 
than abstract truth. They are more interesting, more 
easily remembered, and better understood. Perhaps 
we can make the idea clearer in that way. 

Brother and Sister Goodhart live several miles out 
from town on a well paved highway, in a well im- 
proved community. They have a splendid home, 
thoroughly modern in all its appointments. They 
are a little past middle life and in good health. Their 
children have gone out for themselves and are doing 
well. Thus the parents are again alone, but this time 
in their new and large and more comfortably equipped 
country home, with all the conveniences of the city. 

Now it fell on a certain morning that a preacher 
was a guest in this home. He had already enjoyed 
its unstinted hospitality through the night and was 
contenting himself lounging in the big armchairs or 
walking about the barnyard, while Bro. Goodhart 
looked after some business activities planned for the 
day. Sister Goodhart was busy with the household 
'duties, in the kitchen mostly, as good housewives are 
wont to be, but there was an air of uncertainty in 
her manner manifestly due to the unspoken question 
in her mind : was the preacher going to hang around 
till after dinner? 

A few diplomatic inquiries and polite regrets soon 
cleared the atmosphere and with that point settled 
in the affirmative everything moved along smoothly. 
Snatches of conversation relieved the few short hours 
of all tediousness, and the good sister was eager for 
this opportunity, when the first feeling of strangeness 
and restraint had melted away under the warmth of 
a genuine make-yourself -at-home cordiality. For she 
had something on her mind besides the question re- 
ferred to above. What did the preacher think of 
certain changes taking place in our church life and 
custom^? She meant such as the paid pastor ministry 
and the tendency to more individual choice in dress. 
It all showed a worldward drift, she thought, and 
that was Bro. Goodhart's mind too, as was found 
after he had come in from the barn. The preacher 
could not agree with them entirely but he did find 
much to sympathize with in their feeling about the 
foolish fashions and in their concern for the welfare 
of the church. 

As the preacher tells the story of that morning, 
he says he was really surprised when, as the dinner 
hour drew near, he saw through the open kitchen 
door a dressed chicken in the housewife's hands, ready 
to be cut up for the frying pan. Though he was no 
exception to the rule as to preachers' tastes, he had 
not expected any special preparation, dropping in 
unexpectedly in the middle of the week and only the 
three of them to cook for. He felt he ought to have 
given warning against going to extra trouble. And 
when he saw, on approaching the table later, besides 
the chicken a plate of what he supposed was some 
cold left over meat which the good woman had feared 
was not sufficient in the meat line, he regretted more 
than ever that he had not spoken out sooner. Imagine 
Ms astonishment then when the second meat course 
turned out to be, not a cold leftover but a platter of 
freshly roasted pork. Fried chicken and roast pork 
both, and three times as much of either one as three 
people could make any proper use of ! And the rest 
of the dinner of like quality and proportions! 

Such a conflict of emotions as that preacher had, 
between appreciation of the well-meant kindness of 
his hosts and sorrow over the spiritual tragedy which 
that morning had revealed ! 

The Goodharts are fine people, as fine, according 
to customary standards, as anyone could wish to know. 
Nothing they have would be too good for a casual 
visitor, a sick neighbor, or probably a hungry tramp. 
And they help the church too. It seems to them that 
they help it a good deal and that there is no end to 
these calls for help. It seems that way because they 
never take these needs into their business plans. What 
they contribute to this cause must come from the 
spare change they happen to have on hand, and that 
isn't always abundant for their surplus is carefully 
invested and it costs something to live after their 
manner. They live well. In fact, to maintain the 
standard of living that pleases them, to procure such 
necessities and luxuries as they may desire and to 
provide against all possible future needs in that re- 
gard, is their first and chief concern. They have good 
facilities for communicating with the outside world 
and they know that the vast millions of mankind have 
nothing like the blessings, temporal or spiritual, 
which they have, but they feel no special obligation 
in view of this. They wish it were not so, hut the 
fact does not distress them. They are not expecting 
to do anything in particular about it. They will help 
a little occasionally to spread the Gospel or to relieve 
the suffering of their fellow-men, if they have any- 
thing beyond what their own pleasure requires. And 
they permit no one else to judge as to that. 

The only apparent ripple on the quiet lives of these 
good people is the worldward drift of the church, as 
they see it. They are worried not a little about this, 
though, they seem blissfully unconscious of the fact 
that they themselves are occupying next to the choicest 
seats in the middle of the boat, and enjoying their 
part of the ride immensely. For worldliness means 
to them the craving of silly young girls for some 
useless or showy article of personal adornment. Or 
the craze of wild-natured young folks generally for 
questionable amusement. When they think of worldly 
members, they never once think of those whose whole 
lives are so engrossed in carnal pursuits that their 
hearts are untouched by the terrible spiritual need of 
their fellow-men. 

We said "next to the choicest seats " in the world- 
ward drifting boat, because the preacher tells us that 
he was also a guest in the finer and costlier home of 

Brother and Sister Muchmore. Their standard of 
living is correspondingly more luxurious. And this 
has borne its legitimate fruitage in the fact that they 
contribute nothing to the church, absolutely nothing, 
except that they delight to entertain their brethren 
and friends in a most royal manner. 

But such spiritual deadness is rare. There are a 
few cases like that but only a few. We are more 
interested in the story of Brother and Sister Good- 
hart because their case is typical of many. It reminds 
us so forcibly of some things Jesus said about motes 
and beams and gnats and camels. 

It also shows that we have much to learn about 
the meaning of such fine words as simplicity, obedi- 
ence, church loyalty, sound doctrine and whole gospel. 
The words and phrases we know well. But they're 
so bony. We ought to put more flesh on them. And 
some hearts and lungs and livers in them. 

Personalities and Souls 

, The most worthful thing in all the world is what 
we nowadays call personality. But the term is be- 
coming slightly threadbare from overmuch handling. 
And it always was too bulky for convenient use. It 
has too many syllables. We need a simpler word. 

Soul and life have both been used by English trans- 
lators in their efforts to express the thing that Jesus 
spoke of. They are both good words, rich words, if 
we could only redeem them from certain connotations 
which loose usage has attached to them. Jesus came 
that men might have life and have it in great abun- 
dance. What shall it profit a man if be gain the 
whole world and lose his soul? 

Lose his soul? Yes, his moral grandeur, his su- 
periority above every other breathing thing, his capac- 
ity for high thinking, deep feeling and noble doing, 
his fellowship with God — everything that makes ex- 
istence a blessing rather than a curse. A real soul 
is indeed a more precious treasure than a whole uni- 
verse of dead stars and suns. And a man's true worth 
both to himself and to the world is always measured 
by his soul-ful-ness. 

To save souls is the only worthy end of all human 
enterprise, education and evangelization, just as it is 
the end of God's own creative and redeeming work. 
To think of it occasionally as the expansion and per- 
fecting of personality may help us to enrich the con- 
tent of the older and simpler phrase. But when it 
has done that, it would make for greater intensity of 
thought and action to reclaim the simpler word for 
daily use. 

Our only business in this world is God's business, 
and that is saving souls. 

When Things Are Good Enough 

It is not necessary to discover that conditions are 
bad in order to justify an effort to improve them. 
It is enough to know that they are not as good as 
they might be. With that conviction a certain in- 
stitution has organized a Better Yet Campaign with 
a Better Yet Committee at the head of it. The idea 
is to look for any possible openings for improvements 
and to set about at once to make them. So in the 
church life and in every department of Kingdom ex- 
tension, we are working on a scale of relative values, 
We are always seeking better results and better ways 
and means. We are not so sure that another com- 
mittee is always needed but we know there is always 
a big place for the " Better Yet " idea. Nothing is 
good enough until it is as good as it can be. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


I Only Know Christ 

I know not bow that Bethlehem's Babe 

Could in the Godhead be. 
I only know the Manger Child 

Has brought God's life to me. 

1 know not how that Calvary's cross 
A world from sin could free; 

I only know its matchless love 
Has brought God's love to me. 

I know not how that Joseph's tomb 
Could solve death's mysleiy; 

I only know a living Christ, 
Our immortality. 

Serious Optimism 

Paragraphs from a New Year's Sermon 

Jesus said : " These things have I spoken to you 
that ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have 
tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome 
the world" (John 16: 33). 

Paul said: " We are troubled on every side, yet not 
distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair" 
{2 Cor. 4: 8). 

Sabatier once said : " I accept no other Guide and 
Master than Jesus Christ, because in him alone opti- 
mism is without frivolity and seriousness is without 

Optimism and pessimism are two words very com- 
monly used these days. Literally they mean " the 
best" and "the worst." They are commonly used 
to describe two views of life. " Optimist " and " Pes- 
simist " are terms used to characterize two different 
classes of people. The optimist is one who habitually 
looks on the bright side of life and believes that there 
is progress being made in the struggle between the 
forces of good and the forces of evil. The pessimist 
is one who habitually looks on the dark side of life 
and doubts whether conditions in general are improv- 
ing. These statement? are but general characteriza- 
tions of these two classes. They usually indicate their 
respective attitudes by the answer which they give 
to a few frequently discussed questions. 

Is the world getting better? The pessimist says, 
"No." As evidence he points to the recent World War, 
with all of its honors, the present unsettled and war- 
like condition of the earth and the threatenings of 
another war greater and more terrible than ever be- 
fore. And there is no question about it, he can make 
his case look dark enough. He tells of the present 
disregard for law, and frequently says that the world 
has never seen anything like it. He shows how 
divorce is increasing rapidly and threatens the very 
foundation of the home. He tells of the growing 
materialism and greed that are developing such men- 
acing social questions. In all of this he can present 
an array of facts that cannot be denied and that make 
the situation look dark enough. 

When the optimist replies he can show that there 
have been wars of the most cruel kind in all ages of 
the past. And while the recent great World War 
exceeded these in extent, and in the awful cost of 
human life in a short time, yet war has always been 
as horrible as the sinfulness of man could make it. 
In the days of the American rebellion, Sherman said 
that war was hell. Time has caused us to somewhat 
forget the aw fulness of the thirty years of religious 
war in Germany when nearly two-thirds of her popu- 
lation perished, or the frightfulness of the French 
Revolution, as well as many other devastating wars. 
The optimist shows that for centuries in Christian 
Europe there was no law or order; that neither life 
nor property was safe, except as it could be maintained 
by the power of the sword. That even in this coun- 
try the past profited in contrast with the present be- 
cause of the lack of news then and the ever hungry 
newspapers of today. He admits that divorce is just 
as serious as it is painted, but he reminds us that for 

centuries men violated the rights of womankind with- 
out any fear of punishment or exposure. He admits 
all of the seriousness of the conflict between capital 
and labor, but reminds us that the common people 
of Christian Europe were for centuries serfs or semi- 
slaves ; that even in the memory of men now living, 
in some of the good old days of our own country, 
human slavery and human slave trade not only existed, 
but had the support of law and of many of the lead- 
ing denominations of the land. 

The optimist may even take the offensive and point 
to the fact that human slavery as such has been practi- 
cally driven from the earth ; that the movement is 
well under way to abolish the licensed saloon, and that 
such an event as the eighteenth amendment would 
have been impossible a generation ago. He can point 
to the fact that we are getting together as classes and 
as nations to talk over our differences ; and that while 
many unpleasant things arise out of these conferences, 
we are making more progress towards brotherhood 
and regard for the rights of others than in the days 
of slavery, isolation and disregard for the welfare of 
others. He can point to many blessings today, ma- 
terial and spiritual, which while subject to wrong uses 
and abuses, yet make life richer and happier, so 
much so that even the professional and practical pes- 
simist would not be willing to go back to the condi- 
tions which prevailed before these came. 

A second question often argued is this: Is the church 
getting better or worse? Is she gaining or losing? 
Both sides produce many observations. The pessimist 
points to a growing materialism and lack of faith in 
spiritual things. And certainly the world needs all 
of the warning it can get against these things. He 
points out the great lack of faith in God's Word, and 
the higher criticism found in many places, even in our 
pulpits and theological seminaries. And certainly any 
sincere believer in God's Word must deplore much of 
this influence which is not only undermining faith, 
but the very foundations of character and life itself. 
The pessimist points us to the worldliness in the 
church and the vanity manifested by many who pro- 
fess to be humble followers of the Lord Jesus. Cer- 
tainly much of this as found in -our churches is to be 
deplored and worked against. 

Then the optimist replies that while there is lack 
of faith today, it has ever been so, even in the apostolic 
age. While there is worldliness in the church, it was 
just as prevalent then. A reading of the Corinthian 
letters from Paul will reveal some of the sins in the 
church then, some of them so great we could hardly 
find their equal today. While men are prone to dis- 
obey God's Word now, they disobeyed it then and 
continued to do so. That though there is higher criti- 
cism and disbelief in the church today, there is scarcely 
any-form of erroneous teaching today that has not 
cropped out here and there in the history of the 
Christian church. That for whole centuries the Chris- 
tian church was a mere formal organization, often 
manifesting the greatest of sin and corruption. 

He takes the offensive and declares that, notwith- 
standing all of the discouraging things that may be 
truly said, there never has been so much of the spirit 
of brotherhood manifest in the world as at present. 
That for centuries the church wholly neglected and 
ignored the heathen nations, to whom the Lord's last 
command should have sent them. That there is a 
greater spirit of willingness to sacrifice than ever be- 
fore. And while men often talk about the good old 
days in the church, they often forget many dark 
chapters and events, just the same as the optimist is 
too prone to overlook much of the darkness of today. 

One other question is sometimes asked, especially 
by the older: Are the young people better or worse 
than they used to be? The pessimist points to the 
prevalent organized form of amusements and the craze 
that is manifested for them. Frivolity of life, im- 
purity of life, vanity in dress, the growth of cigarette 
habit, disregard for God's house, etc. And rightly 
does he condemn these sins both in young and old. 
But the optimist, while he may acknowledge all of this, 
yet he does not see the signs of growing worseness 

among the young. ' He remembers the gangs and 
rowdiness of other days. How that many were the 
times our services were disturbed; that carousing and 
disorder were common things at the most sacred of 
meetings, the communion. He recalls " the bangs and 
the bustles and the hoops " of other generations. He 
regrets the growth of the cigarette habit, but remem- 
bers that we used to have ministers and deacons and 
members not a few who even chewed in the meeting 

He sees signs of hope in the young, notwithstanding 
all their mistakes. He is glad that so many are mem- 
bers of the church, and while many are not what they 
should be, in many ways they have improved over 
their elders. All in all certainly the spirit of forgive- 
ness, the lack of which has broken up many of the 
old churches, is more prevalent among the young of 
today. The spirit of brotherhood and the determina- 
tion that is growing among the young to abolish war 
is most commendable. 

And so the argument goes on, each side producing 
facts and making interpretations. Now who is right? 
Is the world getting better or worse? Is the church 
getting better or worse? Isn't the question just a 
little large for us to presume to answer? The fact 
- is that the world always iias been, and is today, as 
bad as the devil can make it. The devil has always 
used every trick and power to defeat the church, if 
not from without, then from within, by undermining 
Christian faith and virtue. The church has always 
had as much power for good as she was willing to 
receive from the Spirit and power of God. The devil 
has always endeavored to trap the young as well as 
the old and he is still at it. We need to use every 
means of grace to save both young and old. For the 
devil is " going about as a roaring lion, seeking whom 
he may devour," and if he does not get every one, it" 
is not his fault. Only the grace of our Lord Jesus 
Christ is sufficient for any of us. An old brother, 
more than seventy years old, recently said, that he was 
not trying to answer the question as to whether the 
world or the church was getting worse or going to 
ruin, but he was very much concerned about whether 
he was true and faithful. If every one would answer 
that question in the right way, it would have a won- 
derful influence for good in the church and the world. 

There is an optimism that is wrong and un-Chris- 
tian. It is the optimism of frivolity and shallowness. 
The vain and senseless doctrine that whatever is, is 
right. The optimism, the vain and blind trust mani- 
fested in the Titanic, that caused so great a disaster. 
The kind of optimism that refuses to see the evil that 
exists and does nothing to prevent or check it. 

There is a pessimism that is wrong. It is the pessi- 
mism of despair. It reverses the optimist's conclusion 
and acts as though whatever is, is wrong. It is the 
pessimism that would paralyze all action by the saying 
that it will do no good. He is certain that everything 
is headed for destruction and that there is no use to 
try to help it. He not only does nothing himself but 
often makes the work of the church all the harder by 
his narrow, selfish, faithless position. He fails to see 
the goodness of God manifest in many ways and many 
of his actions and words betray his lack of faidi in 
God and in his Kingdom. 

There is a pessimism that is right. It is the pessi- 
mism of seriousness. It is the attitude which, while 
having the utmost faith in God, is nevertheless con- 
cerned about the sinfulness of men and the world. 
And while such a pessimist cannot see how it is to 
be done, he has an abiding faith in the ultimate tri- 
umph of the good and the right. The passion of his 
life is to consecrate himself to some work that will 
help, do his best and leave the results with God. 
Noah, the Hebrew prophets, and faithful witnesses of 
all ages have had this attitude towards life and its 

There is an optimism that is right. It is the opti- 
mism of faith, courage, assurance, joy and peace. It 
is an optimism which gives a faith in God and the 
right that never wavers ; a courage that thrusts the 
true optimist out to meet and fight the worst evils of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 

the world. A fight that shall not cease until the Mas- 
ter calls him to his reward. There is an assurance 
that all will be well and that the way of the cross 
leads home; a joy that only the Christian can know; 
and a peace that passeth understanding. 

As we enter the new year and face its duties and 
responsibilities, much depends upon our attitudes as 
to what we will do and what our work will be worth 
to the church and the world. We should take neither 
the attitude of the pessimist nor the optimist in the 
strict or extreme sense. But the attiude that will 
enable us to do the most and the best is, to use the 
words of the great French Protestant theologian, that 
of serious optimism. 

North Manchester, Ind. 


I. — It* Necessity 

The necessity of regeneration has its foundation 
in the fall of man and his consequent depravity. By 
the fall man became a sinner and his nature depraved. 
In his fallen and depraved state man is without God 
and hope. He is a sinner under the bondage of sin 
and the power of death. Upon the basis of the atone- 
ment made by Jesus in the offering of himself regen- 
eration is the process by which man becomes recon- 
ciled to God' and saved — made the friend and servant 
of God. 

In the interview between Jesus and Nicodemus 
(John 3: 1-13) we have the plainest and probably 
the most elaborate discussion of the necessity of re- 
generation given. The nature of it is also considered 
briefly in this interview, which phase of the subject 
will be taken up in another article. 

Upon the confession made by Nicodemus, that Jesus 
is the Teacher come from God, Jesus plunged right in- 
to a discussion of regeneration, chiefly from the stand- 
point of its necessity. It is probable that a part of the 
conversation between these two notable teachers at 
this point is not recorded. It is to be thought that 
the pupil was led up to the subject, instead of being 
plunged into it. " To convince Nicodemus Jesus first 
said: " Except a man be born again, he can not see 
the kingdom of God" — can not see the Kingdom. 
Which means that the way to see the Kingdom of 
God, rather to understand it, is to be born into it ; that, 
in fact, this is the only way to see it, to know it. 
Many had labored to see the Kingdom in ways apart 
from being born into it, but without avail. For cen- 
turies the world had sought to know God and his 
Kingdom by its wisdom and philosophy. The effort 
continues down to our day, but Paul declared to the 
wise of his day: "The world by wisdom knows not 
Gcd." He is not known this way. 

The spiritual birth is like the natural birth in that 
the birth line is the vision line. When a child is born 
in nature the light of the world breaks in upon it, 
and it begins to see and know. And this is the only 
way. So when a child is born of the Spirit the light 
of the spiritual Kingdom breaks in upon it, and it 
begins to see and know. And this is the only way, 
and the new-born babe is expected to grow into its 

But this was too much for Nicodemus. He be- 
came the more perplexed, instead of being helped. 
He thought of repeating the natural birth. So, to 
make clear what he seemed to have made a mystery, 
Jesus said in the second place: "Except a man be 
born of water and of the Spirit, he can not enter into 
the kingdom of God " — can not enter into the King- 
dom of God. To be born of water and of the Spirit 
is the condition of entering into the Kingdom. Re- 
generation is the condition both of seeing the King- 
dom of God and entering into it, for entrance into 
the Kingdom of God brings one into its light and 
knowledge. By the process of being born again the 
individual passes from darkness into light, from the 
kingdom of this world into the Kingdom of God's 
dear Son, from~death unto life. Regeneration is 

the way, and the only way, to this end. It is the door, 
and the only door, into the Kingdom of God, and all 
who enter it must pass this way, just as the natural 
birth is the door, and the only door, into the natural 
world, and all who enter it must pass this way. In 
both cases they are hard doors, but the only doors. 
Jesus said unto Nicodemus also: " Ye must be born 
again." Neither shall he marvel, for it is the way, 
and the only way, of becoming a child of God. It 
is seldom Jesus used that most imperative word — 
" must." All careful teachers are sparing in the use 
of it, for the reckless use of it perhaps more than 
the reckless use of any other word gets teachers and 
leaders into serious trouble. Jesus used it with the 
utmost consideration. But when he puts himself back 
of the most fundamental Christian experience, he lays 
hold upon the most commanding word he can find ; 
he says to one of the most important men of his time: 
" Ye must be born again." The necessity of the sub- 
ject justifies its use. 

Another argument is implied. It is an unanswer- 
able argument. It is the character of Nicodemus. 
He was an extra good man according to the standards 
of that day. He was a member of the Sanhedrin. 
The very best men of the nation, the best men edu- 
cationally, morally and spiritually, were chosen as 
members of this body. Only the very best men could 
hold membership in this body. Nicodemus was one 
of them. That means lu's character measured up to 
the highest. Jesus insisted that this man, this good 
man, must be born again. If such a man must be 
born again that he may- be saved, what must be thought 
of the gross sinner? What must be thought of the 
good. moral man? Is there hope for him? Not the 
ghost of hope for even the very best moral man with- 
out regeneration. The teaching to Nicodemus cer- 
tainly must clear away the last vestige of argument 
in favor of salvation for those without regeneration, 
though upright in conduct. 

These four arguments : " Except a man be born 
again, he can not see the kingdom of God," " Except 
a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he can not 
enter into the kingdom of God," " Ye must be born 
again," and the high moral character of Nicodemus 
to whom the foregoing teaching was applied — must 
be considered sufficient to establish the necessity of 
regeneration beyond question. 

Muncie, Ind. n m , 

A Time for Meditation and Reconsecration 


Looking through the Yearbook recently we noticed 
the fact that on February 19, 1735, Alexander Mack, 
Sr., died in Pennsylvania. He was the founder and 
guiding spirit of the Church of the Brethren. A 
man of learning, with quiet faith and unfaltering 
convictions that the Christian spirit and conduct 
should be exemplified in all of our life relationships. 
These convictions were the result of a deep study of 
God's Word and prayer, and born out of the needs 
of the times in which he lived. 

One hundred and ninety years have passed since 
then. But few of us realize how much we owe to the 
steadfast faith and earnest convictions of this man 
of God! Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh, in the History of 
the Brethren, after reviewing the earnest endeavors 
of Mack in Germany, as the pastor and guiding spirit 
of the first congregation of the church at Schwarze- 
nau ; telling how it grew amid much persecution, and 
how he was forced to leave his prosperous home, and 
the church, through persecution, and come to America 
in 1729, says: 

- " On the anniversary of his death let his brethren 
recount his services, retell the story of his life, and 
rededicate themselves to the cause for which he lived 
and died." 

This we believe to be a most vital suggestion. We 
are in danger of forgetting the cost to our forefathers 
of the blessings we enjoy. We forget the vision, 
faith and stirring activity that were necessary to estab- 
lish movements like the Church of the Brethren. 

While our duty lies in the present and future, it will 
be all the more wisely and diligently done if we do 
not forget the past. 

Some one has said, "We learn from history that 
we never learn anything from history." This is be- 
cause we ignore it ! A wise man will look both ways 
these days before he steps. The past teaches us that 
truth can only be maintained with untiring faith and 
self-sacrifice, that the battles for God are too vital 
to be won on flowery beds of ease, and that the Son 
of Man is with us yet to win for truth and God. 

Let every minister and pastor responsible for 
churches use a brief period at least, on Sunday, Feb- 
ruary 15, recounting the virtues and heroic battles 
for truth of Alexander Mack. Other church fathers 
may be considered with profit. This should not be 
done to either exalt them or ourselves, but to stir 
our zeal and warm our hearts in the consciousness 
of the great comradeship of these men and women 
of God in our Giristian faith and work. 

We shall do well to give prayerful concern for the 
church. Do we love God and the Savior of men as , 
did they? Are we maintaining the truth for which 
they lived and died ? Are we making a proportionate 
sacrifice for it? Are we giving the Spirit the same 
chances with our resources? Let us rededicate our- 
selves to the church of the Living God and make 
plans for more self-sacrificing endeavor in her mis- 
sion locally as well as for her world-wide task! 
Elgin, III. , >t 

Then and Now 


In No. 49 of the Messenger appears an excellent 
article by W. H. Johnson giving the progress made 
in the United States in religion in the last hundred 
years and especially the last two generations. He 
gives his statements in reply to the pessimists who 
claim that the church and the religious conditions of 
the present are not equal to those of the past. His 
statements are based on reliable statistics; mine are 
based on what I actually saw. 

While I deplore the tendency of so many members 
to ape after the foolish fashions of the world and 
others, being carried away with self-indulgence, and 
contributing so little to the missionary and other 
church activities, yet the Church of the Brethren as 
a whole is on a far higher plane than it was two 
generations ago. The defects we see are the black 
spots on the map of the church, but they are not as 
numerous or as large as they were two generations 
ago. The church always had its problems to solve and 
always will have. 

One hundred thirty-seven years ago our church put 
itself on record in favor of temperance by prohibiting 
members from engaging in the manufacture and sale 
of intoxicants. Yet the drinking of spirituous liquors 
was almost universal. I remember when seventy- 
five years ago I had to carry the whiskey bottle with 
the water jug into the harvest field. Two generations 
ago I, as a young minister, went with a prominent old 
elder to hold a meeting in a certain village and the 
elder went into a saloon near by and took a drink 
before going into the pulpit. How does that compare 
with the present? 

Two generations ago there were comparatively few 
young people in the church. Now the greatest num- 
ber enter the church between the ages of ten and 
twenty. Then there was a wide gap between the old 
members and the young. When the young members 
tried to take a prominent part in the councils in the 
home church or at Annual Meeting they were soon 
made to feel that they were out of place. Now the 
old and young members constitute one united family. 

When I entered the church two generations ago 
there were but three brethren before me who had 
taken a college course. Now we graduate members 
from our colleges every year by the hundred. 

Then we never had a single institution for higher 
education. The first institution which gave classical 
instruction taught by a brother was started in 1861. 

(Continued on Page 58) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 

The Value of the Ordinances 


(The following article is a reprint of pages M to 36 of the author's 
■ t. 'God's Means of Grace." which was brought out by our Pub- 
i blue HOUIC in PAIS. Tin. chapter is published here at this time 
by special request. A few copies of the book arc still in slock. 
They may be had. while they fast. For $2.00 per copy. The book 
contains over 600 pages and treats the ordinances at considerable 
length. Address. Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. Editor's 

On most of the fundamental theological doctrines, 
the various evangelical churches are united, or at 
least there is liberty of conscience as to differences. 
The chief cause of division in organization is the 
matter of the ordinances. Because they are practiced 
outwardly there is need of uniformity. On this ac- 
count there is a tendency to find excuse to do away 
with them altogether, and invite all to unite in the 
rest of the Gospel. 

That, however, is a false unity, which must be 
purchased by disregard of God's commands. A true 
church of Christ must win adherents by its loyalty 
to him, not by disloyalty. God docs not give com- 
mands arbitrarily. When lie bids us do something 
it is for our good (cf. Deut. 10: 13; John 13: 17). 
The ordinances of the church have an inherent value 
which makes them worth while, even if they had not 
the divine command hack of them. God's Word is 
wisdom. What, then, is the value of the ordinances, 
that we should he so conscientious in observing them? 

1. The ordinances of the church afford a test of 
obedience. " If a man love me he will keep my word " 
(John 14: 23). Christian experience is enriched and 
Christian character is strengthened by public tests, 
while by them false professors of Christianity are 
revealed and excluded. 

2. They are a testimony of faith. " Show me thy 
faith without thy works and I will show thee my 
faith by my works" (Jas. 2: 18). The observance 
of the ordinances puts one upon public record, and 
thus brings into play added notices for faithfulness. 
" I have washed my robes, bow shall I defile them 
again ? " 

3. They ore a witness of hope. " Ye proclaim the 
Lord's death till he come " (1 Cor. 11 : 26). In our 
observance of these memorials we express our hope 
of meeting again with him who commanded them, 
" which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, sure 

■ and stedfast" (Heb. 6: 19). 

4. They are a proof of love. " Hereby we know- 
that we love God and do his commandments " (1 John 
5: 2). Jesus repeatedly mentions obedience as proof 
of love to him. How .then shall we plead that we 
love him if we seek excuse to dispense with what 
he commanded? 

5. They are a memorial of Christ. " This do in 
remembrance of me" (Luke 22: 19). They put in 
permanent and visible form a remembrance of the 
loving ministry, and sinless life, and vicarious death 
of our Lord, with all that that means for the world. 

6. They arc a bond of fellowship. " Ye can not 
partake of the table of the Lord and the table of 
demons" (1 Cor. 12: 12; 10: 18). Once baptized 
into Christ, we become united with the other mem- 
bers of his body. Once we sit together at the Lord's 
table, we are pledged to one another and may not 
go back, to the table of sin. As we are united in 
these outward symbols, we are also bound together 
by the bonds of Christian love. The annual feasts 
of the Jews, with all their accompanying rites, were 
mighty forces to bind them together as a nation ; and 
likewise the ordinances of the church bind the mem- 
bers together with bonds of the common hope and 
truth they represent. 

7. They arc a means of grace. " He that eateth 
my flesh and drinketh my blond abideth in me, and 
I in him " (John 6: 53-63 ; 1 Cor. 11 : 30). The best 
proof of this is found in the fact that those who 
most faithfully observe them are richest in the virtues 
which they teach. The Brethren, fur example, are 
often ridiculed for their manner of observing the 
ordinances, but the world agrees that they stand for 
sterling integrity of character, for peaceableness and 

humility, and for simple Christian living, such as 
any one might covet. They have the reward of their 
faithfulness, formal though it may be in many cases, 
in the fruit of Christian character. 

8. The ordinances arc symbols of certain funda- 
mental truths. Their full significance will be dis- 
cussed later. See 1 Cor. 10: 16-18; John 13: 8; 
Rom. 6: 3-6. So important are these truths that 
our Lord thought it necessary to teach them in this 
form. Who then are we, that we should make our 
wisdom superior to his and say that they are not 
worth retaining? 

9. They are a means of preserving the truth. They 
are fixed in form and thus are unchanged in their 
teaching. See Rom. 6: 17; Matt. 9: 17; cf. Heb. 
8:5. As the bottles preserve the wine from wasting, 
so the ordinances preserve the truths they contain. 
And as the shell shows the shape of the kernel, so 
these symbols show the truth they represent. There- 
fore, to change the manner of observing the ordi- 
nances is to destroy to that extent their teaching by 
making it misleading. It were better to have no sym- 
bol than tp have a misleading symbol. Verbal state- 
ments of truths may in time be lost or variously in- 
terpreted, but the unchanging symbol remains as a 
witness to the original truth taught. To embody 
truth in symbols is of the greatest value, but the 
symbols must be preserved unchanged. 

10. The ordinances arc an aid to the understanding. 
Compare 1 Peter 3: 21; John 13: 12-14; 1 Cor. 11: 
29. All teachers recognize the value of pictures and 
actions in teaching. It is the principle of apprentice- 
ship to learn by doing. The world has recognized 
its value and used it for ages. It is the earliest form 
of teaching. It is the common language of the world. 
It always has been and always will be the aid of the 
teacher of children, and of older people as well. It 
is used in every school of the world. It is the in- 
ductive method of going from the known to the un- 
known, the method universally recognized by educa- 
tors today as the true method of education. We must 
necessarily learn by this method. To illustrate: A 
little boy saw a turtle for the first time, and not know- 
ing what to call it, he associated it with the nearest 
thing like it that he knew and called it a " big bug." 
Now God has taken some of the things that were 
familiar to men and has lifted them up into a higher 
Tealm, giving them a new meaning, and using them 
as connecting links to spiritual things. Thus the 
rainbow became a symbol of his unfailing promise. 
Circumcision, a rite practiced by many ancient na- 
tions, was made a seal of the covenant whereby the 
life was given to God. Sacrifice was made to signify 
vicarious atonement and point to the coming Savior 
of the world. So baptism, a rite familiar to Jews in 
Jesus' day, was given a new meaning for the church. 
Feet-washing, a custom common to eastern peoples, 
was lifted up and made a sacred symbol of the divine 
law of service and the spiritual cleansing necessary 
in preparation for it. The love feast takes the world- 
wide custom of feasting together as a mark of hos- 
pitality and makes it a feast of love distinctively 
Christian. The eucharist likewise uses the natural 
to lead us into the spiritual, that thus we may learn 
the mystery of salvation by the blood of Christ and 
our union with him. The value of these ordinances 
as means of divine education can not well be over- 
estimated. Certainly they should not be discarded. 
Even the secret societies employ various forms of 
initiation in order to impress indelibly the principles 
of the order. Abstract truths are hard for some to 
understand, but the lessons of the ordinances are so 
clear that even a child can see them. Thus they help 
to adapt the Gospel to all. 

11. They strengthen the memory. Jesus said, " This 
do in remembrance of me" (Luke 22: 19). The 
ordinances aid the memory by the accumulation of 
impression. They come to the citadel of the soul 
through all the gates of the five senses— hearing, see- 
ing, tasting, smelling, touching, and all of them are 
strengthened by action. There was formerly in Switz- 

. erland the custom of marking boundaries and then 
whipping a child at the marks, and ever after in case 
of dispute accepting the testimony of the child as 
expert evidence. The theory was that the child 
would not easily forget the spot. Thus the lessons 
taught by the ordinances, while not painful, yet are 
vividly impressed upon the memory. We may forget 
verbal teaching, but no one who ever understandingly 
goes through the ordinances will ever forget them 
or the lessons they teach. 

12. They arouse the emotions. "If ye know these 
things happy are ye if ye do them" (John 13: 17 
A. V.). It is a law of the mind that a feeling grows 
by expression. The truths taught by the ordinances, 
the virtues inculcated, the Amotions aroused, are all 
intensified by participation. And inasmuch^ as life 
is influenced more by the emotions than by th'e reason 
or anything else, it is of the greatest importance that 
these means of arousing right emotions be retained 
in the church. 

13. They reinforce the will. " The bread which 
we break, is it not a communion of the bbdy of Christ " 
(1 Cor. 10: 16)? Whatever touches the understand- 
ing or the emotions or the memory, affects the will. 
Poor, weak humanity needs to have the will to do 
right made as strong as possible, and to this end the 
ordinances are a great help. -Who has ever sat at 
the Lord's table without being moved to resolve more 
strongly than ever to live worthy of the high calling 
of God in Christ Jesus? Who has ever come from 
the baptismal grave without resolving to show forth 
the new life received by being born from above? 
Who has stooped to wash his brother's feet without 
praying that his own heart might be cleansed? These 
repeated and reenforced resolves give momentum to 
the decisions of the will in the trials of daily life. 
Let the ordinances have their blessed "part. 

14. They hold the life to God. " As many of you 
as were baptized into Christ did put on Christ" (Gal. 
3: 27; 1 Cor. 11 : 25, 26). Life eternal comes through 
touch with God (John- 17: 3) and at no time is this 
touch more real and impressive than when we observe 
the sacred symbols which he gave for the very pur- 
pose of revealing himself to us more fully and of 
holding us to him more closely. The time of com- 
munion is the time for reconsecration. All the other 
benefits of the ordinances merge into this reaction 
upon conduct which makes the disciple become as his 

15. 77ir ordinances arc a seal or pledge of the 
promises contained in them. Thus Abraham received 
circumcision as "a seal of the righteousness of the 
faith that he had while he was in uncircumcision ; 
that he might be the father of all them that believe! 
. . . for not through the lav/ was the promise to 
Abraham or to his seed that he should be heir of the 
world, but through the righteousness of faith" (Rom. 
4: 1 1-13). Thus also baptism is " not the putting away 
of the filth of the flesh, but the interrogation of a 
good conscience toward God" (1 Peter 3: 21), and 
"the firm foundation of God standeth, having this 
seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his: and. Let 
every one that nameth the name of the Lord depart 
from unrighteousness" (2 Tim. 2: 19). 

A seal is intended to keep safe the thing that is 
sealed, so the ordinances fortify us against the evils of 
-the world. The very word " communion " in the 
Latin means "a fortifying together." A seal also 
shows the owner of the object sealed. So the ob- 
servance of the ordinances is an outward sign of 
obedience, and if their lessons be learned there will 
also be the inward holiness which only God may fully 
see, as the mark of true children of the kingdom. 

Open obedience to Christ enables one to say with 
Paul, " Henceforth let no man trouble me; for I bear 
branded on my body the marks of Jesus " (Gal 6 ■ 

16. Lastly, the ordinances are types which will find 
their antitype in the Kingdom of God. " For Christ 
entered not into a holy place made with hands, like 
in pattern to the true; but into heaven itself, now 

(Continued on Page 60) -* 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

o[ the Council of Promotic 

A Hopeful Change 

Our interest in the church and her future causes 
us to watch intently for any and all signs of improve- 
ment and we are bold to say that one of the most 
encouraging situations is the inquiry being made by 
many here and there as to the relation that money 
has to the life and service of a Christian. We still 
have those with us who become irritated when the 
minister announces a subject that relates to the 
" money question," in the face of the fact that more 
than one-third of Jesus' parables related to money 
and that some of his most solemn warnings ware in 
reference to the acquisition and use of- money. But 
on the other hand, there is a growing concern and a 
real eagerness on the part of many to discover Jesus' 
teaching on the subject and to understand fully the. 
"vital relation that money bears to all of life.". This 
anxiety is significant and augurs well for the future 
program of the church. 

It is verily true that if a Christian man or woman 
sincerely desires to be informed concerning all of the 
relations of life — of which relations there are many 
— it is impossible to evade giving careful study to the 
relation that money bears either to the building up 
or the tearing down of Christian character. The Book 
would not have warned again and again on this ques- 
tion had it not been that grave losses in present and 
future prosperity and enjoyment, and that tremendous 
gains in grace and glory both now and hereafter are 
in store for every follower of Christ, depending upon 
how that follower uses material gifts. No one knew 
better than Jesus what tremendous possibilities for 
good or ill are latent in man's relation to money, hence 
his most clarifying teaching on the subject. Because 
of this fact no Christian, if he values his own life 
and its possibilities, can afford to deny, himself the 
benefit a sincere and intense study of this subject will 

The many letters of inquiry and suggestion that 
have come to our desk, and the many open and enquir- 
ing minds we have met in our travels among the 
churches convince the writer that not in our lifetime 
to my knowledge has there been such a definite arid 
systematic search for the mind of Christ and the 
writings of his immediate disciples on the matter of 
the stewardship of life and possessions. A very sig- 
nificant thing occurred recently that augments this 
view, when, after talking on this subject, I was re- 
quested to repeat the message at the same place the 
following day. 

When we recount the individual wrecks we have 
seen about us, the broken homes everywhere; the 
unrest, poverty and distress, in low places; the law- 
lessness, robberies, and murders in high places; the 
terrible and bloody revolutions and wars in all lands 
because of the selfish and commercial lust and greed 
for. wealth, we are ready to admit that Paul made 
no guess when he said : " The love of money is a root 
of all kinds of evil " ; that he made a correct pro- 
nouncement when he declared that " they who are 
minded to be rich fall into a temptation and a snare 
and many foolish and hurtful lusts, such as drown 
men in destruction and perdition," and that Jesus 
prophesied truly when he said : " How hardly shall 
they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God! 
For it is easier for a camel to enter in through a 
needle's eye, than for a rich man to enter into the 
kingdom of God." Why? Because it is so easy to 
lay up treasures for one's self and fail to use them 
so as to be rich toward God. 

I firmly believe that the members of the Church 
of the Brethren are using their eyes to see this awful 
waste and devastation and are giving their minds and 
hearts to inquire for the will of the Lord in matters 
-of money so that they may save themselves and others 
from the doom arising from misdirected money power. 

The awakening is wholesome. Let all who will be 
godly help the cause to grow. Let none, and especially 
ministers, be frightened from doing their duty by the 
growls and the groans of those in our midst who are 
enmeshed in covetousness. The change is on, let us 
thank God and take courage. 

Lord's Acre Plan 

Many systems have been thought out by those 
who are intensely interested in having Christ and his 
Gospel introduced into every land under the heavens 
and in helping to bring in the time when the kingdoms 
of this world shall become the kingdoms of our God. 
A Baptist minister in Georgia, Rev. H. M. Melton, 
serving a rural parish, two years ago persuaded a 
few of his parishioners to set aside an acre for the 
work of the church. These men were to plant, culti- 
vate and harvest this land with the understanding 
that the net proceeds be used for the church. The 
results were so satisfying that the next year more 
than double the number joined the group of farmers 
for the Lord. This minister records a growing 
spiritual interest in his membership thus : " You can 
readily see that a change must come to a man who 
has in sight every day a Lord's acre, who puts his 
work upon it, and who contemplates its gain, over a 
man who has his church in mind only one day a month 
when preaching service dates come around." 

One of our wide awake young ministers in the 
West after reading something about the Lord's Acre 
Plan writes as follows : " Since our people are a rural 
people it seems like a plan that would appeal to them. 
When farmers are in debt and battling with mortgages, 
the plan of giving a tenth presents complications that 
confuse the whole plan. But the plan of setting aside 
the yield of one, two or three acres is simple and 
is a direct approach toward stewardship and propor- 
tionate giving. 

" And wouldn't it be a worthy aim for our student 
volunteer prayer bands and other groups to begin 
praying that between seeding time and Conference, 
that many acres might be dedicated throughout the 
Brotherhood for the support of our missions, colleges 
and local churches? 

"And wouldn't the deputation teams of our hands 
he good promoters for this idea ? I have been on such 
teams when they discussed stewardship. But it's one 
thing for a college student to lecture about tithing and 
it's another thing for the farmer to figure out where 
the tithe is to come from after the taxes, the land- 
lord and the mortgage holder have been paid. There 
surely is a way out of our present situation if we 
have eyes to see it and faith to walk in it." 

No one will deny that this young minister loves 
his Master and his church. And who dare say that 
this method would not yield rich returns for the king- 
dom if it were worked properly. As he says, the 
plan is easily understood and while it might he better 
to farm all of our acres for the Lord and give him 
his full share of the increase there can be no doubt 
that this plan would be a splendid beginning 

Who should teach and promote this idea ? Our 
brother suggests that volunteer bands take the matter 
to heart. Very well, these hands have undertaken and 
put over some very enterprising tasks for the king- 
dom and no doubt will undertake this also. But 
what about the ministers? Ought they not to be men 
of vision? Are they not supposed to be the con- 
stituted leaders? Where are you brethren on this 
matter? Then there are S. S. officers and teachers, 
C. W. officers and the fathers and mothers, all of 
whom can. if they will, plan this work and work 
the plan. Children and young people will be delighted 
to undertake it if older people will encourage it and 
give some helpful suggestions and direction. 

Suppose now that the officers of the official board 

in every rural church take this matter to heart, en- 
dorse it personally, undertake the plan and encourage 
others to do likewise. Suppose, too. that the elder 
or pastor of each church report to our office here 
how many from his church are willing to undertake 
it. and then at the end of the year report results, both 
in monies and increased spiritual interest. I am 
persuaded that we»can have some interesting reading 
for this page a year hence. Get busy, brother pastor, 
and do it as unto the Lord. 

Our 1925 Yearbook 

The Yearbook has been finished for some time and 
is ready for mailing to all who desire a copy. All 
of those renewing their subscription for the Gospel 
Messenger should add ten cents and procure a copy 
of the Yearbook also. 

Heretofore the Editor of the Messenger has been' 
responsible for the compilation of the Book but since 
much of it deals with the work of the General Boards 
of the church, we were requested to take the work 

The task was new and some of it was exceedingly 
difficult. A revision of local and District committees 
for the various activities requires patience and per- 
severance and a yet more difficult annual task is the 
revision of the ministerial list of about 3,300 names. 
Information is hard to get. In many of our 
churches, seemingly, we have no statisticians. Often 
we need to ask several limes before we get response. 

Fronl s ■ congregations we get no reply at all even 

after several attempts have been made. Because no 
adequate system for getting facts from our Districts 
and local congregations has been perfected, and be- 
cause of the lack of experience h\ the editor in this 
type of work a number of errors prevail. The only 
satisfaction we can get out of this is the fact that 
zve did our best. 

I wish to mention with gratitude the faithful as- 
sistance of the secretaries of the several Boards and 
Committees. Especiallj is this true of the General 
Ministerial Board, which Hoard undertook to compile 
for the editor the material on pages 42 to 76 inclusive. 
This Board, and especially the secretary, Bro. S. S. 
Blough, knows the cosl of gathering and compiling 
statistics. "Watchful waiting" was often verv pain- 
lul for them and very annoying to the editor. 

Already our attention has been called to three omis- 
sions. The first is on ^iage 49. The Ladoga church, 
Southern Ind., has been omitted. Also on page 51. 
Wichita. East and Walnut Valley, Southwestern 
Kans. They were not on the lists sent in and we had 
no other way of knowing the facts. We could have 
taken the lists of last year but that also has its dan- 
gers. Last year Ladoga reported E. W. Goshorn as 
Elder with 105 members ; Wichita, East, E. F. Sherfy, 
Elder. 95 members; Walnut Valley. M. Keller. Elder. 
14 members. 

We are very sorry for the omissions. There may 
be others and we will take occasion now to beg par- 
don for any such, but we hope you will not simply 
grant it and dismiss the case. Let everybody inter- 
ested carefully scrutinize the Yearbook and report 
immediately any corrections that should lie made so 
that we can file them. 

Sometimes ministers write in making some correc- 
tion concerning their name and address. A better 
and more businesslike way would be for the clerk 
in every congregation to supply our office with a 
correct list of all ministers. Surely every minister in 
our church holds membership in some one of our 
congregations. Then, too, the clerk should see to it 
that the list is corrected each year not later than Oct. 
first. And once more may I say that for the sake 
of accuracy why not every secretary of a District take 
occasion to look over the tabulated District commit- 
tees in the Yearbook and see to it that we have these 
correct. If the Yearbook is worth publishing it should 
furnish materia! that is corrected to date. Suppose 
all who ought to be interested decide now to coop- 
erate. Thank you. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


Preachers Who Do Not Preach 


Connected with the King's business, there are 
teachers who do not teach, singers who do not sing, 
and " deacons who do not 'deak,' " but the most blame- 
worthy character in the whole economy of grace is 
the preacher who does not preach. The higher one's 
calling in life, the less excusable he is for not function- 
ing in that calling. However honorable and worthy 
the calling of the honest junk dealer is, there may be 
many good reasons why he should cease to function 
in that capacity. A ditch digger need not be ashamed 
of his calling, but there are no end of good reasons 
why he might seek to enter some other calling. The 
main reason for this is that there are so many other 
occupations which these men might follow with more 
profit to themselves and to the world. There are 
better things higher up and there is plenty of space 
above where they would have liberty to exercise. 
Most men who have been given normal mental and 
physical powers have the capacity to act on a higher 
plane than that they live upon. 

The preacher has been called to a position, higher 
than which there is none. He has no excuse for 
dodging this way or that to find a higher plane of 
action. Every move he makes away from his job is 
down instead of up. The Christian ministry is the 
most sacred and honorable occupation God has al- 
lowed man to follow. Preachers who will let any- 
thing, except poor health, old age, or other equally 
justifiable excuses, cause them to quit proclaiming 
the gospel of salvation through Christ to men in these 
days of apostasy and degeneracy in some one or other 
of the various worthy forms of preaching is a coward, 
a traitor, or a lazy person. 

The Ministerial list as found in the Yearbook of 
the Church of the Brethren is liberally padded with 
the names of preachers who do not preach. Some 
of these are not preaching because of old age; some 
because of poor health, which reasons will stand the 
test before Almighty God. But there is a host of 
preachers listed there who do not preach and who 
would have a hard time to justify their inactivity 
before the great and all wise God. Why should any 
man, whom God has considered worthy of a heavenly 
vision and who once became obedient to that heavenly 
vision, ever allow anything in heaven or earth to rob 
him of the vision and blight his career as an ambas- 
sador of Christ Jesus, the King of kings and Lord 
of lords? 

Why should any preacher, who has been entrusted 
with the gospel of the Son of God and who has ac- 
cepted the high position, ever once so much as con- 
sider the devil's logic when he proposes to him that 
he can make money better than preach, and that, 
therefore, he should make money with which to help 
pay some one else to do the preaching? For a min- 
ister to listen to such promptings -is to belittle God 
and his power. It is to take his career out of God's 
hands and undertake to manage it himself. Has the 
arm of the Lord grown weak since the days when 
he said to Moses : " Who hath made man's mouth ? 
... I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee 
what thou shalt speak " ? Can not God make a min- 
ister out of a man even though he is short on native 
ability ? There is no limit to the power God can and 
will give to preachers who preach. 

Why should any preacher migrate during the win- 
ter months and neglect to take his preacher's mantle 
with him to the mild climate into which he migrates? 
The Institute of Social and Religious Research of 
New York reports that a survey of 179 counties shows 
that 1,600,000 farm children live in communities 
where there is no church or Sunday-school of any 
denomination. This same investigation reveals the 
fact that probably 2,750,000 more do not go to Sun- 
day-school, either because the church to which their 

parents belong does not have any, or because they do 
not care to connect themselves with such an organi- 
zation. The reporter goes on to say : " Thus of the 
15,000,000 farm children under twenty-one years of 
age, more than four million are virtually pagans." 
Mr. Galfin in commenting on the above statistics says, 
" The real inwardness of the tragedy is that these 
1,600,000 pagan children are not scattered evenly 
among the other millions of children who are in con- 
tact with the Bible, but are in a great measure homed 
in Bibleless, godless communities." 

These facts should be sufficient to fan the religious 
fires in the bosom of any migrating preacher into a 
raging flame. How can a real preacher of righteous- 
ness face such facts and go into hibernation for six 
months in the year? Even the migrating birds do 
better than that. They migrate for the purpose of 
finding a climate suitable for reproduction. The 
preacher who does not preach has suffered spiritual 
degeneration to the point of losing his desire to repro- 
duce spiritual life in the hearts of others. The fact 
that whether we go east or west, north or south in 
America, it is possible to find pagan communities, 
where the people know little or nothing of Jesus 
Christ except to use his name in an oath is sufficient 
to impel all preachers, who preach and also migrate 
in the winter, to migrate to communities where they 
can occupy their time preaching the gospel of the 
Son of God. 

Why should preachers be frightened at hardship? 
Or why should a preacher refuse to preach, unless 
he gets five or ten dollars per sermon? When Paul 
was commissioning the young minister, Timothy, he 
said : " Suffer hardship with the gospel according to 
the power of God." One reason why there are so 
many pagan children in a so-called Christian country 
is because the preachers are not willing to suffer hard : 
ship. Too many of them are putting the ministry on 
a commercial basis. There is not enough of real sac- 
rifice on the part of the preachers who preach. 

We are not opposed to the well-supported ministry, 
but we are wondering how many ministers of America 
would continue to preach, if for some reason all 
salaries were taken away? Was Paul a preacher 
who would have preached regardless of the salary? 
Could he have been persuaded by any manner of logic 
to cease functioning in his sacred office? Could even 
chains and prison walls seal his lips? While the 
blood from his wounded back was still flowing, he 
preached Christ to the Philippian jailer. 

Christianity must have preachers who preach the 
truth in the face of hardship, opposition and perse- 

Mount Morris, III. 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 

Study No. 10. — Humility in Prayer 

"And he spake also this parable unto certain who 
trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and set 
all others at nought. Two men went up into the temple 
to pray; the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. 
The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, 
I thank thee, that I am not as the rest of men, extortion- 
ers, unjust, adulterers, or even this publican. I fast twice 
in the week; I give tithes of all that I get. But the publi- 
can, standing ufar off, would not lift up- so much as his 
eyes unto heaven, hut smote his breast, saying, God, be 
thou merciful to me a sinner. I say unto you, This man 
went down to his house justified rather than the other: 
for every one that exalteth himself shall be humbled; but 
he that humbleth himself shall be exalted " (Luke 18- 

(1) "To pray," "prayed." These words are from 
proscuchomai also, and mean: to offer prayers, to 
pray; and are restricted to prayer to God. 

(2) The Parable. This parable is directly ad- 
dressed: "Unto certain who trusted in themselves." 
The illustrative part of the parable is contained in 
verses 10 to 14a. Two men went up to the temple 
to pray. So far, so good The one a Pharisee, the 
other a publican. Note, first, the Pharisee: standing, 

(Continued on Page 38) 

The Pastor's Challenge 


" The greatest man in the present field of action 
is the Christian minister," said one of our foremost 
statesmen in a recent discussion of the great world 
problems. He says this is true because, if true to his 
profession, the minister as no other man is a molder 
of constructive thought which invariably results in a 
certain amount of constructive living. While this is 
a very striking statement it is in perfect accord with 
the teachings of the Word of God relative to this idea 
and should certainly be a serious challenge to every 
Christian minister. The pioneer ministers of the 
Church of the Brethren had their special problems to 
face and as molders of constructive thought have done 
a noble piece of work, but their mantles have fallen 
on our shoulders and with the falling have come 
problems peculiar to our day. The age old challenge 
still holds good and our problems must be solved by 
us if a solution is forthcoming. Our immediate ques- 
tion is as to where thought molding is most needed 
in our fraternity at the present time. 

For many years our denomination has made fre- 
quent pilgrimages to Romans 12: 2 and other asso- 
ciate texts and much thought building has been done 
in connection with these wonderful scriptures. I 
have no inclination to minimize the value of these 
scriptures, but rather point to the and which intro- 
duces Romans 12 : 2 with a view to suggesting that 
the present spiritual status of our church demands 
some immediate molding of thought around Romans 
12: 1. This molding must be of a decidedly practical 
nature, too, for to make it theoretical is to make it 

The central idea of the passage before us is clearly 
that of spiritual sacrifice. Paul viewed the Christian 
life in the broadest possible way and he certainly made 
no mistake when he made this great principle of 
spiritual sacrifice the initial principle in the formation 
of a virile Christian life. The sacrifice was to be 
made, and when this was done the transformation 
would be a natural result of this cooperation, with the 
renewal of grace. To fully appreciate this challenge 
to spiritual sacrifice and to intelligently mold thought 
from this angle certain vital facts must be considered. 
It would be presumptuous for me to think of present- 
ing all such facts, but a few will perhaps be of interest 
as we ministers and pastors honestly grapple- with 
our challenge. 

In the first place, it is quite evident that human 
nature as well as natural environment both tend to 
sacrifice in favor of some interest in life. Certain 
desires always make their appeal and certain interests 
keep their urge constantly before us, hence if there 
is any action at all a sacrifice is made in favor of some 
issue. It may be in favor of pleasure, or of passion, 
or of possession, or of position, or of power or of 
any other appeal ; but the point is that a sacrifice will 
be made, and that whatever it is it. will largely affect 
all of the other relations of life. 

Another very evident fact is that nothing in life 
tends to affect the quality and caliber of our character 
quite so much as our point of sacrifice. If it is made 
from one angle the natural result is a sensualist; if 
at another, a miser, or a egotist, or a capitalist, or a 
philanthropist. Many other results are possible but 
invariably the life of the individual is governed_by 
his sacrificial program. 

Then we know beyond question that the point of 
sacrifice plays a most vital part in the relations of 
mankind. Certain types of sacrificial emphasis in- 
variably erect barriers between the individual and his 
fellows. They even exert an influence that is dis- 
courteous, and destructive because of the narrowness 
and selfishness of the sacrifice. Certain other types 
of sacrifice naturally result in sympathy, cooperation 
and constructiveness. 

And certainly there is unquestioned evidence of the 
fact that the problem of relationship with God is 
most seriously influenced by life's point of sacrifice. 
Some classes of sacrifice greatly encourage an attitude 

(Continued on Page SB) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 



A Kindness 

My neighbor did a kindness 

Unwittingly today — 
He said a cruel thing to me, 

And as he turned away 
My heart burned with resentment, 

And then — I looked above; 
" Christ of the Thorn-crowned brow," I cried, 

" Give victory, and love." 
He granted my petition, 

My wounded self-love fled, 
Because his humble, tender love 

Filled all my heart instead. 
"My neighbor's kindness?" ask you: 

His thrust revealed to me 
My helplessness without the One 

Who giveth victory. 

— Amy R. Thomas. 

years of experience in the school of life did he come 
to understand the hopes and the fears and the love 
expressed by those tears. 

As the boy looked at his heroes, the men he wanted 
to be like, he saw that they were masters of things. 
The successful farmer, the men who built bridges and 
tunnels and railroads and steamships, all the things 
a boy delights to read about, all were able to make 
things obey their wills. His Jesus was the One who 
could turn water into wine, open the eyes of the blind, 
cause the deaf to hear and the dumb to speak; yes, 
who could even raise the dead. He was the Omnip- 
otent One. He knew the key to this mastery was 
knowledge, so he coveted knowledge and came to love 
it for its own sake rather than for its usefulness. He 
studied for the pleasure of knowing. His mother 
realized his mistake and tears were shed and prayers 

The Face on the Wall 


One Sunday morning the lesson was the Parable 
of the Sower and the teacher almost made the char- 
acters in the story appear in person before her class. 
She described the primitive tools and methods of 
agriculture in use in Palestine at the time of Christ 
and drew a vivid picture of the seedtime and harvest 
in both the temporal and the spiritual worlds - 

In the afternoon a little boy who was a member of 
this class went with his mother for a walk in the 
woods to gather flowers. They were resting under a 
large tree and the little boy's head was in his mother's 
lap. He began thinking over~the lesson of the morn- 
ing, and some questions arose in his mind which, of 
course, his mother could answer, for she always knew 
all about everything. 

" Mother, why do those people in Palestine sow 
their wheat with their hands? Why don't they use 
a drill?" 

It was explained to him that drills, were not in use 
in the time of Christ. 

"But teacher said they still do that way?" was 
the next query. 

He was told that their fields were usually very 
small and their roads mostly narrow paths and that 
drills were probably not easy to get around and be- 
sides they had never learned to use modern machinery. 

" But why do they use an old wooden plow and 
oxen _ to draw it? Could they not use an iron plow 
and strong horses to pull it? You know, daddy says 
the crops grow better if one plows deep." 

Here, again, came the answer that no one had 
taught them to use the iron plow. 

"And why don't they dig up all those briers and 
thistles we heard about in the story and keep their 
fence rows clean? Then their crops would not get 
choked out. And why don't they put that stony land 
down in grass and use it for pasture instead of trying 
to raise wheat on it?" 

The answer to this was that the farmer in the story 
was perhaps not quite as up-to-date as he might have 

" Then why don't some one go over there and show 
them how ? " 

The answer was that some people had gone, but 
that there were not enough to teach everybody. 

" Well, when I grow up I'm going over there and 
teach those people how to farm," he said with all the 
confidence children always have because they imagine 
that all they need to do when they grow up is simply 
wish for a thing and it will be dong. 

And then the little boy got the biggest surprise 
of his short life; he felt two big hot tears splash 
down on his face, and he looked up to see his mother 
quietly crying. Still another query came into his 
heart, but did not pass his lips : " Why was mother 
crying? " He did not, could not understand, yet that 
picture of his mother's face was graven so deeply on 
the walls of his memory that the passing days and 
years have scarcely dimmed its freshness. Only by 

The South Dakota Resolutions 

(The following resolutions on the training of childhood 
were adopted by the legislature of South Dakota in 1923. 
We have been requested to reprint them in the " Mes- 
senger." We gladly do so in the hope that their influence 
may be extended thereby. Editor's note,). 

" That the people of South Dakota be 
enjoined to at once address themselves to re- 
newed effort to restore the balance between 
the spiritual and the material, that our chil- 
dren be reared up in the precepts of funda- 
mental righteousness. 

" That the churches and Sabbath schools be 
constrained to intensify their work and to 
extend it to every child within their respective 
spheres of influence. 

"That parents be adjured to exert every 
effort to restore the old-time influence of the 
home, in molding the lives of their children, 
for the development of conscience and moral- 
ity; that the Family Altar be restored, and 
that in self-sacrificing love the little ones be 
trained in the simple virtues of truthfulness, 
honesty and respect for the rights of others. 

" That the schools promptly reform their 
methods so that the rudimentary studies as 
well as the sciences be taught only as subor- 
dinate to righteousness. That the emphasis 
be placed upon morality, good conscience, 
respect for parents, reverence for age and 
experience, and that all learning is but the 
handmaiden of eternal goodness. 
, "That it is the judgment of the Legislature 
of South Dakota that only upon the lines 
herein suggested can the true balance be re- 
stored and the, crime wave checked and civili- 
zation preserved." 

were offered that he might look upon the fields ready 
for harvest. His friends urged upon him the claims 
of society for workers in various fields, but he would 
have none of it. He would be a master of things. 

But as he observed the lives of his teachers, and 
studied more deeply into the lives of the famous men 
of history, he came to realize that their fame came 
not so much from the mastery of things as from 
mastery of men. In searching for the key to this 
mastery he discovered to his amazement that the lead- 
ers of men were those who had faithfully discharged 
their obligations to their fellow-men. His Bible re- 
vealed to him that the Son of God had earned the 
title of Master of Men par excellence, of Devils, yes, 
and of Death itself, only by the way that led to Cal- 
vary. His mother had gone the way of all the earth, 
but that picture of the tears on her cheeks still 
clung to memory's wall and would not be erased. It 
said as plainly as the handwriting on the wall of the 
Babylonian palace: " Thou art weighed in the balances 
and found wanting." And the age-old conflict be- 
tween selfishness and service was on in the boy's 

The fight was long and hard, but that Face on the 

Wall carried the day. The boy came to see that his 
heroes and his Master stood in the forefront primarily 
because they were masters of themselves, not because 
they were masters of things, nor yet because they 
were masters of men. The words of Solomon, " He 
that ruleth his spirit is better than he that taketh a 
city," took on a new meaning. Christ's words, " No 
one taketh my life away from me, but I lay it down 
of myself," seemed an excellent example to follow. 
The boy faced about to hunt the way back to the 
road he had missed. 

One autumn evening not long ago that' same boy 
sat in the company of several native evangelists around 
a pot of coals in a big white tent in a Chinese village. 
The pot of coals brought to mind so vividly the in- 
cident of the denial of Peter in the courtyard of the 
high priest that he mentioned it to his fellows. They, 
too, were perfectly familiar with die story and how 
they laughed about poor old Peter! "What? Me? A 
follower of Christ? Well, I should say not. Why, I 
have never even heard of the Man." But the boy's 
thoughts went back to university days when he and 
some of his classmates, so to speak, warmed their 
hands around a little pile of books called a library 
and scomngly said, " No, indeed, we do not belong 
to that bunch of fools who want to 'evangelize the 
world in this generation.'" Peter personified? And 
then he saw again the Face on the Wall that helped 
him back into the service of the Master of all things. 
But, behold! it is no longer tear-stained. but smiling! 
Will you pray the good Father that as the boy follows 
the tent from village to village and does his bit day 
by day, the Face on the Wall may smile more 
and more brightly until " when traveling days are 
o'er " it shall be no longer the Face on the Wall, but 
a living, joyous reality. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 

" There Are Some Things Doctors Can't Do " 


The statement quoted above was recently made by 
one of the most prominent surgeons in Washington 
City as he stood in the Emergency Hospital by the 
bedside of little Mary Jean Bowman whose skull 
had been crushed by a bale of hay falling upon her. 

The father and mother and several friends stood 
close by the little two-and-a-half-year-old girl await- 
ing the end. The kind-hearted, sympathetic surgeon 
came in, felt the little one's pulse, shook his head dis- 
couragingly, and turning to the mother, said: "I am 
sorry, Mrs. Bowman, that we cannot save your baby 
for you, but there are some things doctors can't do." 
How true it is that " there are some things doctors 
can't do " ! It is said that during the last illness of 
Colonel Cody, more familiarly known as " Buffalo 
Bill," he made inquiry of his physician as to his 
chances for getting well. The aged physican bowed 
his head and said : " Colonel, there comes a time in 
the experience of every honest physician when he 
must commit his patient to a higher Power." 

Modern surgery and medical science are accom- 
plishing results which border on the miraculous. Re- 
cently a man in Chicago shot himself in the heart. 
A surgeon opened the man's chest, cut through the 
sac around the heart, took the heart in his hand, 
stopped the beating and forced the bullet out by 
pressure ; after which the heart 'was replaced and 
resumed its beating. Technically speaking the man 
was dead and was subsequently brought back to life. 

May praises be pronounced upon the great army 
of medical doctors and nurses in their mission of 
alleviating suffering humanity, but we should not make 
the mistake of placing unlimited confidence in and 
pronouncing all praises on human agencies, because 
in doing so we are inclined to forget God. 

Back of all scientific accomplishments is a supreme 
power with unlimited wisdom which should never be 
eliminated in our calculations on the question of life 
or death. Confidence in the hand of Providence 
enables us to be resigned to the inevitable. 

Washington, D. C. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


Calendar for Sunday, January 25 

Sunday-school Lesion, Jesus Comforts His Disciples. — 
John 14:1-17. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Christian Fellowship.— 
Acts 21 : 7-19. ... .j. + * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Covina church, Calif. 

Seven baptisms in the Olivet church, Ohio. 

One baptism in the Pine Creek church, Ind. 

One baptism in the Trotwood church, Ohio. 

Three baptisms in the Richmond church, Va. 

Five additions to the Beech Grove church, Ohio. 

Four were received into the Salamonic church, Ind. 

Two baptisms in the First church. Los Angeles, Calif. 

Three were baptized and two reclaimed in the Walton 
church, Ind. 

One was baptized and one received on former baptism 
in the Spring Creek church, Pa. 

One baptism in the Heidelberg church, Pa..— Bro. J. W. 
G. Hershey, of Lititz, Pa., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the West Branch church, Md.,— Bro. 
S. 2. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evangelist. 

Fifteen baptisms in the East Wichita church, Karis.,— 
Bro. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, evangelist. 

Eight baptisms in the Union Chapel, Unity church, Va., — 
Bro. J. S. Roller, of Timbcrville, Va., evangelist. 

Twenty-four baptisms in the Roxbury church, Johns- 
town, Pa.. — Bro. H. C. Early, of Muncie, Ind., evangelist. 

Thirteen baptisms in the Painter Creek church, Ohio, — 
Bro. Oliver Royer, of New Philadelphia, Ohio, evangelist. 

Four were baptized and one reclaimed in the Arcadia 
church, Fla., — Bro. W. J. Hamilton, of Rockwood. Pa., 

Three baptisms at Mt. Olivet in the Timberville congre- 
gation, Va., — Bro. J..T. Glick, the pastor, in charge; five 
accepted Christ at Timberville, — Bro. C. G. Hesse, of Som- 
erset, Pa., evangelist. + ^ ^ ^ 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you 
pray for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, is in a revival at 
Franklin Grove, 111. 

Bro. D. H. Zigler, of Sebring, Fla., to begin Feb. 1 in the 
Clay County church, Fla. 

Bro. S. W. Funk, of Covina, Calif., to begin Feb. 1 in 
the Oakland church, Calif. 

Bro. J. R. Wine, of Waterford, Calif., to begin Feb. 15 
in the church at that place. 

Bro. Wm. N. Zobler, of East Petersburg, Pa., to begin 
Feb. 15 in the Palmyra church, Pa. 
*j* tj* *Jt ifi 

Personal Mention 

Bro. L. L. Alger changes his address from Lowell, Ark., 
to R. 4, Madison. Kans. He has just entered upon the pas- 
torate of the Verdigris church. 

Bro. Amnion Swope, of Purdue University. Lafayette. 
Ind., would be glad to learn of any other members of 
our fraternity in that institution. 

Sister Mary E. Martin has changed her address from 
Burlington, W. Va., to Mt. Airy, Md. She is open to en- 
gagements for meetings during 1925 and would be glad 
to hear from those interested at an early date. 

Bro. F. D. Anthony, pastor at Hooversville, Pa., informs 
us that his time for evangelistic engagements is taken 
up for the spring months but that he will be available for 
such meetings later, preferably in August and November. 

Bro. Eugene W. Pratt c;ills our attention to a mistake 
in the Yearbook. His address is erroneously given as 
Inglewood, Calif. It should be 1539 East Second St., Al- 
bany, Ore. He is elder in charge of the Albany church and 
says he is " still on the job. " 

"The Wise and Foolish," "The Judgment," "Opportu- 
nity and Responsibility," "The Need of the Lord," "The 
Spirit Asserting Himself" — these are some of the subjects 
Bro. H. S. Replogle is going to preach on soon to the 
Green Tree congregation. So says "The Green Tree Mes- 
senger, " Oaks, Pa. 

Bro. A. W. Ross writes us from North Manchester that 
he is "having a good time playing the glad game." On 
the preceding Sunday afternoon he had been out to hear 
Hamilton Holt speak on Peace. Since early in October 
Bro. Ross has been out of doors but few times and this 
occasion was the first time for six weeks. That helped 
him in the " glad game, " 

Bro. H. Spenser Minnich, Educational Secretary for the 
General Mission Board, gave addresses in several churches 
of Northern Indiana over last week-end. 

"Some of our members have become more regular in 
their church attendance. This is not the only thing we 
can see that indicates they are growing in grace. We wish 
more would try it and see how well it works." So said 
Bro. E. R. Fisher in the "Broadwater Evangel." He is pas- 
tor at Broadwater, Mo. Shall we join him in his appre- 
ciation and wish for still further improvement? 

Sister Goldie Swartz, our missionary in India whose 
health has been somewhat precarious, was reported by 
last mail as not so well. Shall we remember her in jiur 
prayers, and all the missionaries, especially those who 
have hard -battles with physical infirmities? After the 
above was in type we received a letter from Bro. J. F. 
Wagoner and we are certainly glad to add his encour- 
aging statement : " Sister Swartz seems much better. " 

Bro. L. H. Eby, of Fruitland, Idaho, wishes every State 
in the Union would adopt something like the resolutions 
on the training of childhood which were passed by the 
legislature of South Dakota in 1923. This action came 
when Bro. W. B. Stover was writing his excellent little 
book on Family Worship and he was so impressed by it 
that he devoted a chapter to it and dedicated his book 
to the South Dakota lawmakers. We are reprinting the 
resolutions on page 55 of this issue. 

Important Notice 

Secretaries of Orphans' Homes and Homes for 
the Aged, send to J. W. Lear, Elgin, Illinois, the 
requested information at once. 

1. The value of all such property in your trust. 

2. The amount of indebtedness on said proper- 

3. The amount of endowment (paid up). 

This information is wanted by the Statistical 
Bureau at Washington, D. C. I pray that all par- 
ties so related will respond immediately. No in- 
stitution will be named in the statistical report. 
Only totals will be given and in order that we may 
give nearly exact figures all interested should re- 
spond. — J. W. Lear. 

Sister Mary Polk Ellenberger, well known to our read- 
ers as a valued but not very frequent contributor to our 
columns and at present assisting her husband, Bro. G. W. 
Ellenberger, in the pastorate of the South Beatrice church, 
Nebr., will have the sympathy of all in the recent pass- 
ing of her mother, Mrs. Nancy Russell Polk, of Lathrop, 
Mo., at the ripe age of eighty-one years. In the "Lathrop 
Optimist" is an interesting account of Mrs. Polk's pioneer 
life in Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma and her aggressive 
leadership in Christian activities. 

^. <$» <|> 4* 

Miscellaneous Items 

The Lima church, Ohio, is reported to be growing rapid- 
ly and additional room very much in demand. Plans are 
on foot to build a new house of worship in 1925. 

The South Beatrice church, Nebr., is distributing the Mis- 
sion Fact Series leaflets with their parish paper, the 
" Holmesville Herald." In this way they are using 250 
copies per month. 

The first love feast in the new First Church of the 
Brethren in Chicago, Central Park Ave. and Congress 
Street, will be held on Saturday evening, January 24, at 
7:30 o'clock. A cordial invitation is extended. 

The Quarterly Ministerial Meeting of Northeastern Ohio 
will be held in the Canton City church Tuesday, Feb. 10, 
beginning at 10 A. M. An interesting program has been 
arranged. This is in harmony with the action of the Dis- 
trict Conference of 1924, providing for quarterly District 
Ministerial Meetings. 

It was the editor's privilege to address the Chicago 
church one evening last week in their new house of wor- 
ship. It was his first opportunity to see the new plant 
and it is indeed a most admirable equipment for the vari- 
ous activities of the church. It marks a distinct advance 
in the history of this congregation and gives promise of 
greater glory for the Kingdom in the great and sin-cursed 
city which surrounds it. 

Diary and Budget Account is the name of that little 
book the Council of Promotion told you about some time 
ago. A copy has just been placed on our desk. Did you 
send for one? " Put God first, as the Owner of all" is one 
of the good things in it. How do you like that? There 
are many other helpful things. And there are blank spaces 
nicely arranged for the things you want to set down in it. 
Better get one yet if you haven't already. The closing 
out price is fifteen cents, while they last. Write the 
Council of Promotion, Elgin, III, 

The Waterford church, Calif., is now complete and will 
be dedicated Feb. 15. Eld. Geo. Bashor will preach the 
dedicatory sermon. The evening service on dedication 
day will be the first of a series of evangelistic services by 
Bro. J. R. Wine. 

"On taking renewal subscriptions for the 'Messenger' 
we find that almost the entire congregation have ordered 
the premium hook, Life of D. L. Miller," writes one church 
correspondent. Have you sent in your renewal and got- 
ten your premium? If not read the last page of this issue 
of the "Messenger." 

Here is an interesting opinion: " Were it not so serious 
the skill with which the editor evaded all doctrinal sub- 
jects would be comical. . . . Can this downward tend- 
ency be stopped? The most plausible plan that occurs 
to me is to put a man in the editorial chair who will be 
aggressive on doctrinal lines, having in every number 
some strong doctrinal articles urging a seeking for and re- 
turning to the old paths, as said Jeremiah, 6:16." And 
here is another: "Your splendid editorial in No. 2, 'When 
Obedience Is Not Obedience,' is surely the plain truth. 
Just continue to let the truth come. I am sure that lots 
of the brethren and sisters are praying for you. As to 
' Stockholders, ' what a conglomeration indeed would the 
'Messenger' be if all the contributed articles were 
printed. That is your business and I am glad you are at- 
tending to it. " Well, for a long time now people have had 
different opinions about many things. 
•I* .;. & «j. 

A Statement to " Messenger " Readers 

Very few of our readers would guess what is the most 
difficult and perplexing of all our editorial problems. It 
has to do with the publication of biographical sketches of 
departed loved ones. Hardly a week passes that we are 
not compelled to decline requests of this kind and the 
last few days have brought us an unusual number. 

Our "Fallen Asleep" columns are open to all without 
restriction, except that such notices must be brief and 
limited to the most important facts connected with the 
life and death of the deceased. But the pressure is con- 
stantly increasing for more extended sketches, usually ac- 
companied by a picture. Hence this statement, which has 
been long delayed in the hope that it would not be needed 
and through fear of being misunderstood. 

The point of difficulty is not the expense involved, for 
our patrons generally understand this and gladly pay the 
cost of having the necessary cut made, the minimum charge 
for which is now $2.40. Our embarrassment is in the fact 
that it is impossible to give space to all who would desire 
it. We are compelled therefore either to refuse all, which 
seems to be an unreasonably extreme position, or to ac- 
cept some and decline others. To do this with strict jus- 
tice and impartiality, with due regard to the tender feel- 
ings of the bereaved and the best interests of the whole 
"Messenger" constituency, would require more than hu- 
man wisdom. Nothing pulls at our heart strings like this. 

The principle which we try to follow in this matter is 
what a newspaper would call news value. " How many 
readers are likely to have a special interest in this case, 
and what is the nature of that interest ? J ' is the question 
we try to answer in each instance. Sometimes the an- 
swer is easy. Sometimes it is exceedingly difficult and we 
are most painfully conscious 'of the liability to error in 

Many of our ministers, certainly those in positions of 
special responsibility, are manifestly proper subjects for 
more extended notice. This is not because they are any 
better than many a faithful brother and sister unknown 
outside their home community, but solely because their 
wide personal acquaintance or the nature of their work 
makes them objects of interest to the Brotherhood at 
large. The passing of their good wives also, sometimes 
on their own account and sometimes because of the 
prominence of the husband, may become an event of gen- 
eral concern. Missionaries or others serving the church 
in a public capacity belong in this class. And some un- - 
usual circumstance connected with the life or death of 
one not widely known may now and then seem to justify 
special treatment apart from the regular obituary col- 

Every sympathetic impulse of our nature makes us wish 
we could grant the privilege of an independent write-up 
with portrait, for the friends of all who ask it. But this 
would fill the "Messenger" too largely with this class of 
matter. It is out of the question. There is nothing left 
for us but to do the best we can in trying to maintain a 
fair and consistent policy in the application of the "news 
value " principle. 

Need we add that our purpose in this matter is to serve 
the highest interests of the whole church, and that sug- 
gestions for the improvement of the service are always 

This explanation is submitted in the hope that it may 
be of satisfaction to many who have not understood the 
situation that .confronts us, and in full confidence that all 
our readers will gladly cooperate with us in seeking the 
best solution of a problem of peculiar delicacy. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 



Repairs for St. Paul's 

An appeal is to be made to the public in England for a 
fund of $1,000,000 to be used to carry out certain necessary 
repairs on St. Paul's Cathedral, London. The peril to Sir 
Christopher Wren's great architectural masterpiece lies 
in the weakness of the eight big piers which support the 
weight of the great dome, variously estimated at from 40,- 
000 to 60,000 tons. Investigations have shown that these 
piers are filled with rough rubble, which can not continue 
to support the enormous weight upon them without ex- 
tensive repairs. 

Spiritual Hunger 
Back of all our hurrying to and fro is a deep-seated spir- 
itual hunger. A well-known preacher in answering some 
of the criticisms of our age says: "Nor is it true that the 
generation to which we appeal has lost its appetite for 
heavenly food. If the extensive intercourse I enjoy with 
countless people of every rank and condition is a criterion, 
their hunger for the God whom Jesus alone reveals is as 
keen as it ever was. " There are different ways to starve 
but there is no want of bread that compares with spiritual 
hunger. Th'- prophet Amos says as much. 

Savings Through Efficiency 

Improved methods in the conversion of the energy of 
coal into electricity throw light upon the extent of savings 
that may be realized through greater efficiency. For ex- 
ample, twenty years ago the efficiency of converting the 
energy of coal into electricity was a little over ten per 
cent. The president of the General Electric Company says 
of the present: "We now realize an efficiency of conver- 
sion of approximately nineteen per cent. But we seek 
to gain an efficiency of twenty-four and one-half per cent, 
or a kilowatt of energy from a pound of coal." The same 
authority further states: " Looking forward to introduction 
of the mercury boiler and turbine, it is expected these 
will further increase the efficiency of conversion to 33 per 
cent. What this means to the industry and more particu- 
larly to the public may he gathered from the following 
data : In 1919 the average was 3.2 pounds of coal to pro- 
duce a kilowatt of energy. In 1923 the average was 2.4 
pounds. This is equivalent to a saving of 15,000,000 tons 
of coal a year, or $50,000,000 in the cost of coal alone. " 


for the Weeltly Devotional Meeting Or for 
Prayerful, Private Meditation. 

Of the Building of Roads 

Of the building of roads, like the making of books, there 
is apparently no end. The automobile and the boulevard 
have made possible a system of contacts that railroads 
and electric car lines could not approach. The writer 
knows of a fertile little valley in the far west that was 
settled more than thirty years ago on the promise of a 
railroad that never came. It is doubtful if a railroad ever 
will come. But the beautiful part about it is that the 
railroad need not come. The little secluded valley now has 
a boulevard; automobiles and real estate agents have done 
the rest. It is said that if the federal aid roads of the 
United States completed during the past year or now un- 
der construction were placed end to end, they would 
reach around the world with several thousands of miles 
of new road to spare. The chief benefit of the federal 
aid system is believed to be the creation of definite plans 
for the future; it makes possible a system of major high- 
ways that can be extended or developed as the need may 

arise. . 

What Sons Expect of Fathers 
Fathers have a right to expect some things of their sons. 
But that is only one side; it is equally true that sons have 
a right to expect some things of fathers. Those who are 
especially interested in this latter aspect of the relations 
that should exist between fathers and sons should look 
over the leading article in "The Christian Herald" for 
Jan. 17. This particular article is an attempt to get at the 
boy's idea of a real father as based upon what a large 
group of boys have said they would like their fathers to be. 
One son writes : " Fathers can not be chosen ; we have to 
take them as we find them." This is all too true, and as a 
consequence it involves a challenge to fathers to be worthy 
examples for their sons. Perhaps more than anything 
else, boys long for companionable fathers, hut men who 
can lead by example as well as be a chum. In the Bible 
Cod is pictured to us as a Father. Every father is building 
the content of this term for his son. It is therefore a 
pretty important question for every father to consider 
just what his boys idea is of a real father. 

Thirteen Gates Not Enough 

Cities used to be built with walls and gates. There was 
accordingly but one way to get in or out, unless one had 
friends enough to try the little plan used by Paul at Da- 
mascus. Of course, there was the little trick that Samson 
played on the city of Gaza, but not many men have been 
strong, enough to duplicate his exploits. Thus, for the 
average man, getting in or out of the old-time city resolved 
itself into getting in or out by way of the gate. Doubt- 
less ancient cities had their traffic problems, but they were 
certainly not as acute as those that perplex the traffic ex- 
perts of our modern great Cities. For though the modern 
city is built without walls and the old style gates, it is 
nevertheless face to face with the congestion that results 
when tens of thousands of people who are in a hurry want 
to get into the city in the morning and out again at night. 
Take Chicago, for example. Every day 125.000 passenger 
cars pass over the thirteen main roads into the city. Add 
to this 7,200 trucks that come daily into Chicago. This 
means that more than 500,000 people per dav seek to use 
the thirteen gateway streets into the city. But after de- 
ducting the space required for street car tracks, etc., 
the average clearance for these main traffic arteries is 
said to average about twenty feet. That is, the thirteen 
gateway streets of Chicago have a total width of ap- 
proximately 250 feet for the use of the class of traffic men- 
tioned. Thus it is not to be wondered at that there is a 
cry for wider gates, for the thirteen gates, such as they 
are, are not enough. 

A Cathedral for New York City 

Cathedral spires are outstanding features in the sky- 
lines of the great European cities. But not so with New 
York City. The typical New York skyline shows many 
towering buildings, but they are all temples of commerce 
devoted to the business interests of the city and the nation. 
But now all this is to be changed, for Bishop Manning of 
the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of New York and his 
associates are behind a drive to raise funds to complete 
the great cathedral that was begun some years ago. Three 
million dollars of the needed fifteen million dollars is al- 
ready in hand, but it is desired to interest the city general- 
ly in the project in order that it may be a cathedral of the 
people. When completed the cathedral will be the largest 
in the English speaking world — the only larger ones being 
St. Peter's in Rome and the Cathedral at Seville, Spain. 
Thus the day may come, when as one comes up New York 
harbor, above the Woolworth Building and the Bush 
Terminal will tower a great Gothic structure on the moun- 
tain at Morningside. This great structure will be in the 
shape of a cross and it will be 601 feet long and 315 feet 
wide across the transepts. 

After Four Hundred Years 

New translations of the Bible, and especially of the New 
Testament, are being made with such frequency that one 
no longer suspects the trials undef which the first trans- 
lations were produced. The National Association of Book 
Publishers has suggested that the four-hundredth anni- 
versary of William Tyndalc's translation of the Bible in- 
to English, which comes this summer, should be fittingly 
celebrated throughout Christian lands. This suggestion 
calls attention to the tremendous changes that have come 
in a period of four hundred years. Thus, just four cen- 
turies ago, William Tyndale was working on his trans- 
lation of the New Testament out of the Greek into the 
vernacular of the English speaking people's. Yet under 
what heart-breaking handicaps he labored 1 He began his 
project in England but was obliged to go to the con- 
tinent, and is supposed to have completed his translation 
of the New Testament at Wittenberg in Germany. But 
this is uncertain for the simple reason that Tyndale was 
a marked man and had to keep moving from place to 
place. Of the conditions under which Tyndale labored for 
years one may read in the New Schaff-Herzog Encyclo- 
pedia of Religious Knowledge as follows: "All these works 
were written during those mysterious years, in places of 
concealment so secure and well chosen, that neither the 
ecclesiastical nor diplomatic emissaries of Wolsey and 
Henry VIII, charged to track, hunt down and seize the 
fugitive, were able to reach them, and they are even yet 
unknown." Today whosoever will can read the Scriptures 
in many English translations, and if these are not enough, 
the inquiring reader can go back to the original Hebrew 
and Greek. But four hundred years ago the man who was 
trying to translate the New Testament into the language 
of the common people was being hunted as a wild beast. 
However, today, copies of the Scriptures are so common 
that they are not prized as they ought to be. To con- 
tinue the story of Tyndale we read: " Impressed with the 
idea that the progress of the Reformation in England 
rendered it safe for him to leave his concealment, he set- 
tled at Antwerp in 1543, and combined the work of an 
evangelist with that of a translator of the Bible. Mainly 
through the instrumentality of one Philips, the agent ei- 
ther of Henry or of English ecclesiastics, or possibly of 
both, he was arrested, imprisoned in the castle of Vilvor- 
de, tried, either for heresy or treason, or both, and con- 
victed; was first strangled, and then burnt in the prison 
yard, Oct. 6, 1536. His last words were, 'Lord, open the 
king of England's eyes.' - . . Tyndale's place in his- 
tory has not yet been sufficiently recognized as a translator 
of the Scriptures, as an apostle of liberty, and as a chief 
promoter of the Reformation in England. In all these 
respects his influence has been singularly undervalued. 
The sweeping statement found in almost all histories, that 
Tyndale translated from the Vulgate and Luther, is most 

Have Mercy Upon Me, O Lord 

Psalm 6 

For Week Beginning February 1, 1925 



This is not the whine of a tenderling who fears pain. 
It is the prayer of a man! He accepts chastisement, only 
let it be from a loving Father. In his distress he hungers 
for the assurance of God's love (Job 5: 17; Prov. 3: 11-12; 
Jer. 10: 24; Heb. 12: 5-11; Rev. 3: 19). 



He offers a two-fold claim upon God's help: his own 
weakness and God's mercy; his poverty and God's riches. 

Because the bay is empty and the ocean full, under the 
law of gravitation, the ocean's fulness floods the bay 
(Luke 18: 13; Rev. 3: 17-18). 

"I am weak but thou art mighty; 
Hold me with thy powerful handl" 


This is the cry of a homesick soul (Psa. 13: 1-2). It 
recalls the hymn : 

" How tedious and tasteless the hours 

When Jesus no longer I sec! 
Sweet prospects, sweet birds nnd sweet (lowers 

Have all lost their sweetness to mc: 
Th.- mid-summer sun shines but dim. 

The liclds strive in vain 10 look gay; 
But when I am happy in him, 

December's as pleasant as May." 



We cannot speak these words since Christ has brought 
life and immortality to light through the Gospel. Death 
does not blot out the remembrance of God; it brings us 
into his presence. The form of these words is not true, 
but their spirit is: "In heaven there is no boon whose 
anticipation can be a substitute for God's presence with 
me now!" Heaven's hoped-for justice and joy and fel- 
lowship can never reconcile us to earthly injustice and 
misery and alienation from God. The thought of death 
inspires him, as it should us, with all urgency and eager, 
ness for God's presence and blessing now (John 9: 4; 1 
John 3: 2-3). 



ENEMIES." VS. 6-7. 
This is hardly the language of one who fears for 
personal safety. He weeps as the rejected representa- 
tive of God's cause. The fountain of his tears is no 
shallow self-pity; it is the love he has for God. He is 
suffering for righteousness' sake. He sorrows because he 
loves (Matt. 23: 37-39). 





The light bursts upon his spirit. It is the sunshine after 

the storm. It is the joy that comes after enduring the 

cross. No voice is more audible to the nice ear of God 

than the "voice of weeping." And on the other hand. 

his presence is never so rich and real as when we have 

suffered for him (Psa. 46: 1;50: 15; 107:4-6, 10-15,26-28). 


'God, be^merciful to me, a sinner." 

R. H. M. 

damaging to the reputation of the writers who make it; 
for, as a matter of fact, it is contrary to truth, since lus 
translations are made directly from the originals. . . - 
AS an apostle of liberty, he stands foremost among the 
writers of the period, whose heroic fortitude and invincible 
love of the truth were heard with a force superior to royal 
and ecclesiastical injunctions; and the very flames to 
which fanaticism and tyranny consigned his writings burnt 
them into the very hearts of the people, and made them 
powerful instruments in attaching and converting multi- 
tudes to the principles of the Reformation. It is not 
exaggeration to say that the noble sentiments of William 
Tyndale, uttered in pure, strong Saxon English, and steeped 
in the doctrines of the Gospel, gave shape to the views 
of the more conspicuous promoters of that grand move- 
ment, who, like himself, sealed their convictions with their 
blood. " 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 

Then and Now 

(Continued from Page 51) 

Now we have our ten schools of college rank whose 
students are numbered by the thousand. 

Then we had no Sunday-school but much opposi- 
tion to them. Boys on Sundays spent their time play- 
ing ball or went fishing. Now children are gathered 
into the Sunday-school and given religious instruction. 
Then we did not have a single page of Sunday-school 
literature. I myself published the first Sunday-school 
paper in 1879, which reached a circulation of 7,000 
the first year. Now Sunday-school literature is pub- 
lished by the car load. 

We then had no missionary in the foreign field. 
Now we have more than a hundred and the largest 
congregation of members in the Brotherhood is in a 
foreign mission field. 

Then we had an extremely conservative element 
in the church opposed to Sunday-schools, colleges, 
revival meetings and mission work ; and another ele- 
ment extremely progressive trying to introduce every 
innovation seen in the popular churches. These two 
elements were always causing disturbances in our 
Annual Councils. Now our Annual Conferences are 
conducted in the most amicable and courteous manner. 

Taking a summary of all the defects found in the 
church on the one hand, and on the other hand sum- 
ming up all the improvements made in the last two 
generations, including our various organizations, such 
as our General Mission Board, Educational Board, 
Sunday School Board, General Ministerial Board, 
General Welfare Board, Tract Examining Committee, 
Music Committee, Council of Promotion, Sisters' Aid 
Society — all of which came into existence under the 
observation of one man still living, we must come 
to the conclusion that our church is on a higher 
plane of spirituality and is a better church than it was 
two generations ago. 

Fruita, Colo. 

Studies on the Teaching of Prayer by Jesus 

(Continued from Page 54) 

looking right up into the heavens, to God. His chest 
is thrown out, fully inflated. He uses the big " I " 
five times. Note, too, his name is spelled with a big 
" P " and the publican's is spelled with a little " p." 
This is quite suggestive. The Pharisee doesn't ask 
God for one thing. He just thanks God that he is 
so good. He gives tithes of all that he gets. He 
■ gives a tenth and here he is bragging about it in the 
prayer meeting. His kind are not all dead yet. He 
doesn't take two prices for wheat ; he is no extortioner. 
Really, he is just not like that tax-grafter. What a 
lot of information he has given God at this prayer 
meeting ! 

Secondly, -let us note the publican a bit. He stands 
there, " afar off." Some folks are afar off from each 
other, even though they are in the same temple, or 
prayer meeting, or around the same love feast table. 
See the publican — his head is lowly bowed, looking 
into the earth at his feet, smiting his breast with his 
fists. There can scarcely be any wind in his lungs. 
His chest is crowded, he beats upon it, he deflates him- 
self. And then how little (or how much) he said: 
" God, be thou merciful to me a sinner." 'His prayer 
is all asking. The other fellow's is all thanking. Both 
prayers in themselves are confessions. The Pharisee 
has nothing on the publican. Pharisees were greedy 
for money also. They devoured widows' houses, £tc. 
(Mark 12: 40; Matt. 21 : 31.) When we go to church 
or prayer meeting, let us look to ourselves. We 
usually have nothing on the other fellow. 

The publican went home from the prayer meeting 
justified, rather than the Pharisee. 

These two men are synonymous with two things — 
the teachings of this parable: (1) The Pharisee is 
synonymous with pride (both begin with the letter 
"P"). (2) The publican is synonymous with poor- 
inspirit, or humility (again, both begin with the let- 
ter "p"). 

It is the big P and the little p. Take your pencil 
and make a good, big, fat capital " P." How blad- 
der-like, blown up it is! Now make a small "p." 
How deflated ! It looks like a flat tire. In the first 
"the chest is outj in the latter, the chest is in. 

The Expressed Likeness. — There are two expressed 
likenesses or comparisons in this parable. (1) The 
first is between the " Certain who trusted in them- 
selves," and the Pharisee. (2) The second is be- 
tween "ail others set at nought," and the publican. 
The likeness in the former is: Self-righteousness and 
pride hi prayer and religion. The likeness in the lat- 
ter is : Humility in prayer. 

As stated before, the Pharisee stands for Pride 
(PP). The publican stands for " poor-in-spirit," or 
humility (pp). And this is in keeping with the 
application of the parable, which is found in verse 
14b, " for every one that exalteth himself shall be 
humbled ; but he that humbleth himself shall be ex- 
alted." Verse 14a is rather an explanation; 14b is 
an application. The latter is a purpose clause and 
gives the reason for the foregoing. Explanation and 
application must not be confused. 

The Teaching of the Parable. Self-righteousness 
and pride in prayer are condemned, while indirectly, 
or conversely, humility in prayer is taught. Exalt 
means to elevate; to get up high, above the earth. 
Humble comes from humus, which means earth or 
ground, as it comes from decayed vegetable matter. 
The high-flyer will be brought down because he goes 
up without God. The folks who keep themselves to 
to the ground, God will exalt. -Write your name with 
a little " p," and God will write it large. If you write 
it with a big " P," he will write it small. 

Summarizing. — There is an important relation be- 
tween this parable and the former one. The second 
logically follows the first. In the former parable 
Jesus says : Always pray and never despair. In the 
latter he says: But pray in the right manner. I ivant 
you always to pray {vs. i-8), but pray the little " p " 
way — the publican way (vs. 9-14). Praying the big 
" P " way is what took the Pharisees out on the street 
corners. They loved to pray. They made long pray- 
ers to be seen and heard of men. Pride ! Always 
pray, but don't *go" the way of the Pharisees in the 

Pride keeps -some people from praying too. The 
Spirit bids some to pray. But they quench the 
Spirit. They are ashamed to sound their voice in 
public. They don't want to pray unless they can 
say it in good English, etc. Pride again. 

Let us always pray, and that in humility ! This 
is what fesus teaches in the two parables of Luke 
18: 1-14' 

New Windsor. Md. 

The Pastor's Challenge 

(Continued from Page 54) 

of responsiveness toward God while others decidedly 
-discourage any such attitude. After an individual has 
once personally accepted the leadership of Christ the 
same rule holds good. If he has a wise point of em- 
phasis when it comes to his dominating interest then 
the " reasonable service " of our challenge in Romans 
12: 1 will be a natural and inevitable result, and 
Romans 12: 2 will have a most happy fruition in the 
interests of the will of God. But if the" sacrificial 
trend is of the unwise or questionable type, then all 
service for God will be handicapped and the interests 
of the kingdom of God must suffer. If the present 
spiritual status of our Brotherhood as evidenced by 
our missionary dilemma is not a serious indictment at 
this point, I fail to properly sense the situation, and 
we need to search for the cause at some other place 
in our program of Christian living. 

My last point is a continuation of the immediate 
challenge of Romans 12: 1. In this scripture Paul 
presents not only the highest form of sacrifice known 
to human experience but he presents the only type 
of sacrifice that is consistent with the best interests 
of Christian living as well as the advancement of 

Christianity. There is no intimation here that all of 
the legitimate interests of life are not to be properly 
safeguarded ; but there is a clear cut statement of the 
fact that the major emphasis must be placed on that 
attitude to life which gives God a first and supreme 
recognition. With Paul, Christ came first, and the 
interests of the Christian church were to dominate. 
Beyond question this is an outstanding call to the 
Church of the Brethren, and upon the shoulders of 
our ministry falls the responsibility of molding such 
a steady stream of constructive thought along this line 
that it shall place spiritual sacrifice at the very front 
among all the great appeals of our church and make 
it a burning issue in the heart of each member of our 

Daleville, Virginia. 



The annual Bible Conference will be held in the College 
Chapel, Bridgewater-Dalcville Academy, Feb. 1-6, begin- 
ning with a sermon Sunday, Feb. 1, at 7:30 P. M., by 
J. M. Henry. Each day at 10: 15 A. M. the chapel service 
will be in charge of Paul H. Bowman. 

Feb. 2, Welfare Day, 11:15 A. M., The Dawning Day 
of World Peace.— J. M. Henry. 1 P. M., Round Table 
Discussion. 2: 30 P. M,, Meeting of District Welfare 
Boards. 7:15 P. M., Illustrated Lecture, War and Its 
Consequences. — J. M. Henry. 

Feb. 3, Sunday-school Day. 11:15 A. M., The Four 
Square Life.— J. M. Henry. 1 P. M., Round Table Dis- 
cussion. 2:30 P. M., Meeting of District Sunday School 
Boards. 7: 15 P. M., Impressions and Expressions of 
Religious Education. — J. M. Henry. 

Feb. 4, Ministerial Day. 11: 15 A. M., and 7: 15 P. M. 
Address. — C. D. Bonsack. 1 P. M., Ministerial Associa- 
tion Meeting. 

Feb. 5, Mission Day. 11:15 A. M„ C. D. Bonsack. 
1 P. M„ Round Table. 2:30 P. M., Meeting of Joint 
Boards. 7: 15 P. M., Missions the First Great Work of 
the Church.— C. D. Bonsack. 

Feb. 6, Christian Educational Day. 11:15 A. M., The 
Kind of Education That Is Christian. — C. D. Bonsack. 
1 P. M., Round Table. 

A general invitation is extended to all Christian people 
to attend the conference. Lodging will be free and meals 
will be served in the dining hall at thirty-five cents. The 
bus • schedule follows: Leave Roanoke for Daleville at 
Union Bus Terminal, corner Henry Street and Kirk 
Avenue^ 7:45 and 11:30 A. M.; 2:30 and 5:30 P. M. 
Leave Clifton Forge for Daleville 7 A. M. and 3 P. M. 

Daleville, Va. R. D. Boaz, Principal. 


In November, 1923, I began work among the churches 
of the Second District of West Virginia, under the direc- 
tion of the General Ministerial Board. Since that time 
I have preached 160 times, lectured thirty times and given 
100 singing lessons. There were thirty-four souls added 
to the church. The purpose of this adventure was to 
inspire and awaken interest on the part of the laity, to 
unify the ministry and to organize for a more active 
endeavor to build up the cause of Christ. 

I found ten churches with twenty-seven ministers, ten 
of whom were elders. Two churches had six ministers 
each. One church has four resident elders; five churches 
have no resident elder. Some churches had preaching 
twice a month, some once, and several had no preaching 
only as a minister would drop in from the outside. Under 
these unfavorable conditions it was hard to infuse new 
life into the membership. Some changes_were made dur- 
ing the year. 

One reason for some of these conditions, as I view it, 
is a failure to conserve the activities of the young people^ 
There are very few young men in the ministry. Much 
is being said about leadership but it is just as important 
to have followers. People are inclined to follow the line 
of least resistance. It will therefore take wise, thorough, 
persistent, sound teaching to give a vision of the needs 
and cause men to feel their individual responsibility to 
God and his cause before there will be a response to the 
Macedonian calls and activities of the church. This will 
take time and patience. 

This thing of our field workers going among the 
churches, and staying a day or two, unless itjs followed 
up by organizing the forces, is of little value. Impres- 
sion without expression is worthless. It is my conviction 
that the only thing that will help to reestablish and build 
up some of the weak churches is for some of the volun- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


teers or other college men to go into some of these com- 
munities under the direction of the District Ministerial 
and Mission Boards and get acquainted with the people 
and make application to teach school and help with the 
church work until workers can be developed. 

We had a dozen applications last year but failed to 
locate one of them because they were strangers and be- 
cause there was a lack of cooperation on the part of the 
patrons. People like to see the man they employ. There 
are several good openings in North Carolina for the right 
men if properly worked and taken in time. 

I have been in North Carolina only two months and I 
find conditions similar to those in West Virginia. One 
hopeful sign for the future of these fields is that the young 
people are responsive and willing to work if they only 
knew what to do and how to do it. We are praying that 
God in some way may help to solve the problems and 
put the churches on a basis that will bring glory to his 
name and salvation to the dying sons of men. 

Warrensville, N. C. D. M. Glick. 

the other classes in order, each presenting the gift. In the 
young people's and adult departments the gifts were pre- 
sented by a representative of each class. This was an im- 
pressive sight and showed the real spirit of Christmas in 
a most effective manner. It was thoroughly enjoyed by 
all who took part as well as by all present. The total of 
all these gifts was about $750. So our goal was realized. 
During the past year the Manchester church has given 
for all purposes about $15,000. At least $5,000 of this has 
been sent to foreign missions. In addition our members 
have contributed many thousands of dollars to the college 
endowment fund. 

On the evening of Dec. 31 a special council meeting was 
held for the purpose of considering the enlargement of our 
church. The report of a committee had been previously 
given on this. We are crowded for Sunday-school room. 
The plan before the church now provides a three story 
building, each story providing facilities for the increase in 
each of the three large departments of the Sunday-school. 
This plan is being carefully considered now. 

North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 3. Emma M. Dotterer. 


The Africa-bound party left Liverpool on the R. M. S. 
"Adda," Nov. 26 — the day* before Thanksgiving. That 
evening after prayers some one suggested that the ladies 
act as a committee to arrange a fitting celebration of 
Thanksgiving. What a useless suggestion! As a matter 
of fact the next day quite took care of itself. The Irish 
Sea has always been known to be a rough place. To 
;add to that circumstance we got out of the channel just 
in time to get the tail end of a very severe storm that 
swept southern England and wrecked several vessels in 
the English Channel. So all of us (except Bro. Beahm) 
were more or._less seasick. But after the first few days 
we enjoyed the trip immensely and had a good rest before 
reaching Lagos on the 11th of December. 

It has been wisely said that the first and last days in 
Nigeria are by far the worst. That first day seems more 
or less of a nightmare now, but at 9:00 P. M. we boarded 
the boat train for Jos, leaving Bro. Beahm and Bro. Heck- 
man behind to see that the freight got safely started north- 

Just forty-eight hours later a happy and excited group 
of people caught sight of the first familiar face we had 
seen since we left the India party. And Dr. Burke was 
just as happy and excited as we were. We were taken 
to the S. I. M. mission house where we are being taken 
care of in a wonderful way for a few days until plans 
can be completed for the last lap of the journey — from 
Jos to Garkida. We had hoped that we might reach there 
for a Christmas dinner, but it will be impossible. We 
are all happy to be here and to find that all is well at 
the station. We are sure that many of you good people 
were faithful in remembering us at the Throne while on 
our journey, and we ask you not to forget us in the 
mighty task which confronts us. 

Mrs. C. C. Heckman. 


The Manchester church met in the most important council 
meeting of the year Monday evening, Dec. 15. The work 
of the past year was reviewed and definite plans made for 
the coming year. Reports of an encouraging nature were 
received and accepted from the various committees of the 
church. We have active committees, working in the in- 
terests of missions, peace and temperance. 

A committee of elders from the District was present and, 
after taking the voice of the church, ordained Bro. J. Oscar 
Winger and Bro. Ray Zook to the full ministry. They 
with their wives were duly installed at this meeting. 

The regular church officials were also elected. Bro. Otho 
Winger, who has served this church so faithfully as elder 
for the past three years, was reelected for the coming 
year. Bro. W. E. Boyer was elected church clerk; and 
Bro. A. L. Ulrey as a member of the pastoral committee. 

Also the Sunday-school officials for the coming year were 
elected. Bro. W. W. Peters was chosen general superin- 
tendent. The division superintendents are as follows: Bro. 
O. G. Brubaker, adult; Bro. J. E. Dotterer, young people; 
Sister V.-F. Schwalm, children. A complete roll of teachers 
has been chosen and the outlook for the coming year is 
especially good. Our Sunday-school enrollment now is 
about 600. 

Our Christmas program was rendered Sunday evening, 
Dec. 21. The first part of this program was given largely 
by the children's division of the Sunday-school. This con- 
sisted of songs, readings and a few short plays, all empha- 
sizing the spirit of Christmas. This part of the program 
was excellent and was appreciated by a large audience. In 
the second part of the program each member of the church 
was given an opportunity to take part. The officials of 
the church and Sunday-school had planned a dollar-a- 
member gift service, similar to that of last year. Each 
child was encouraged to earn the dollar to be given at this 
service. The older folks of the church furnished the work 
to enable them to earn this money. The gift service started 
by the contributions from the Cradle Roll. Then followed 


The year of 1924 is gone, the duties and obligations 
of 1925 arc upon us ; it is well to take a retrospective 
view of the past year and ask ourselves just what have 
been the achievements of 1924 and how we can improve 
upon our work. 

Our Sunday-school is now carefully graded and running 
smoothly under the supervision of our two efficient super- 
intendents, Bro. Oscar Frantz, and Sister Mary Hciney, 
primary superintendent. The Sunday-school will give one 
offering each month to the General Mission Board, the 
offerings from two Sundays to our depleted District treas- 
ury; the offerings from the fourth and fifth Sundays will 
constitute a fund for local benefactions. 

After promotion day the senior class was found to be 
too large, was divided and we now have both the young 
people's and the senior class, in both the Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' Society. The pastor, G. W. Ellen- 
berger, has charge of the seniors; the young people chose 
for their leader, the writer. 

During the past year special days have been observed 
in a fitting way — Easter, a sacred concert; Mother's Day, 
a well executed program by the juniors and intermediates 
under the supervision of Sister Heiney; Fourth of July, 
by a sane Fourth in the Martin Grove where a suitable 
program of readings, music and an address was given, 
A good dinner was served to all by the mothers, after 
which there were games and entertainment, all of which 
contributed to a real community spirit. 

A very successful Daily Vacation Bible School was 
held for two weeks under the supervision of the pastor 
and his wife and Sister Mary Heiney, with Miss Edith 
Bubb as director; we had workers from our own Sunday- 
school force, the average attendance was eighty. 

Bro. C. B. Smith held a week's meeting for us in the 
fall, but could not do more because of ill health. The 
meetings were greatly enjoyed by all. 

The Aid Society deserves credit for faithful service too. 
They have had several special meetings in addition to 
the regular ones, have made good their pledges to the 
general task, District quota, to German relief, and have 
proved their worthiness in local emergencies. Sister Mary 
Gouff, who is also our District Aid Society President, will 
continue as president in 1925. A program for the new 
year has been carefully thought out, and we are looking 
forward to a busy year. 

The church has created a Student's Loan Fund, to be 
held in trust by the elder, paster and Sunday-school super- 
intendent, for the benefit of worthy young people who 
are unable to pursue their college course. This fund is 
at work; one young sister is in college, happy in the pur- 
suance of the education she craves and of which she is 
altogether worthy. This infant project is one in which 
we are greatly interested, and we hope it will continue 
to grow. We notice that one condition imposed upon 
applicants of the stronger sex is that they be non-to- 
bacco users. 

The programs are made out and leaders chosen up to 
and including Feb. 8 for our Young People's Society 
which indicates that the Society has a live committee. 
The theme for January will be: "New Year's Life Work 
and Consecration" — the book, Livingstone, the Pathfinder; 
the programs to be enlivened by special music, readings 
and short talks. There will be one offering each month 
for missions. These meetings are held in the parsonage 
parlors and are well attended. Harold Beahm is president. 
The seniors under Pastor Ellenberger are studying 
" Our Missions Abroad " by Moyer. One offering each 
month goes to missions. This class is handicapped for 
want of space and cannot have the inspirational help of 
music and other attractive features until our church re- 
modelling is finished. 

The Missionary Committee met at the parsonage Jan. 
8 and spent the evening in work. They organized and 
made out the program for 1925. We hope for a stronger 

missionary spirit in the church and have so arranged the 
program to bring it about. It was decided, too, to add 
quite a number of books to our library for reference and 
for the use of our leaders as well as to furnish constructive 
reading for all interested. 

We have rounded out the first year of the " Holmes- 
ville Herald," our parish paper, and the first number of the 
second volume will soon appear. In each number we 
will enclose the pamphlet "World Facts" furnished us 
by the General Mission Board; thus will 250 copies be 
broadcasted among our people. 

The social life of the young people is well organized. 
Miss Nettie White is superintendent of the social activities 
for intermediates, seniors and Young People. The Stand- 
ard Bearers' Class, composed of a large group of young 
married people spend a delightful evening together once 
each month, taking the homes in alphabetical order. Pleas- 
ant conversation, discussion of current events, music, the 
radio and other social features brighten the time thus 
spent together and help to forge the bonds of friendship 
and love in the church and community. 

This class gave an ice cream social on the parsonage 
lawn last summer which was largely attended. A new 
supply of song books was the material result. One can- 
not say how far-reaching such occasions are in welding 
a community friendship. 

Our church is being remodeled as we need space and 
more modern conveniences. There is an annex 32 by 52 
feet, with full basement under it to be well-lighted and 
equipped for a "young people's hall." The extremely 
cold weather has retarded the work seriously, but the 
main building is intact, hence the regular services are not 
interfered with. We hope to he in a ship-shape condition 
by spring, with space and congenial surroundings for all. 
Our next Gage County Sunday-school Convention will 
be held tn the South Beatrice church, and the State Con- 
vention will come to the city of Beatrice this year. 

The Beatrice Assembly of 1924 was a decided success, 
and deserved a good write up which for some reason 
was neglected; but we hope for a bigger and better 
Assembly at Beatrice in 1925. The Assembly Board will 
meet at McPherson College in January, when plans will 
be made for the work. 

We were especially gratified by the fine way in which 
the work was carried on by home talent during our ab- 
sence while engaged in evangelistic work. Among other 
things the installation services were conducted during 
our absence, the election of the Sunday-school officers 
and teachers having taken place just before we left. 
Holmcsville, Nebr. Mary P. Ellenberger. 


Nearly two years of experience in conducting the Sun- 
day-school tn the Old People's Home at Mount Morris 
has taught us to appreciate the value of the work. Of 
the twenty-three enrolled, ten are above eighty years of 
age, while another ten are above seventy-five. As this 
is the only Sunday service the majority of the inmates 
are able to attend, we make it our aim to provide, at the 
same time,, spiritual inspiration and nourishment as much 
as we can. 

An invitation to join with the Home brethren and sisters 
at their Christmas dinner was gladly accepted. There 
was very little sickness at the lime so that with nearly 
all of the twenty-five inmates and the family of the super- 
intendent wc enjoyed together the good meal that was 
provided as well as a feast of Christian friendship. 

At a convenient hour in the afternoon we gathered in 
the sitting room where two large baskets filled with sig- 
nificant packages were in evidence. After singing, Scrip- 
ture reading, prayer, and the reading of letters that had 
been received with gifts of money, nearly thirty dollars 
in all that came even from distant parts of the Brotherhood, 
the contents of the baskets were distributed. 

The first basket contained gifts which were provided 
by the above mentioned means. Many of the aged breth- 
ren and sisters had already received gifts from relatives 
and friends by mail, about one hundred and twenty-five 
packages having come by parcel post. Others were not 
so fortunate. These were remembered at this time in a 
special way with articles of clothing, etc. The Sunday- 
school teacher and his sister were also each remembered 
with a nice handkerchief. 

The second basket contained packages of fruit, one for 
each inmate, which were the benevolent gifts of Super- 
intendent and Sister Johnson. Following the receiving of 
the gifts came expressions of thanks and appreciation 
and an entrance into a still deeper experience of precious 
fellowship so that when the time to go to our own home 
came it was almost difficult to break away. 

But this is not all, for later in the day our main Sunday- 
school superintendent, Bro. J. P. Holsinger. and his wife 
appeared with a well filled basket of good things to add 
to the enjoyment. Our aged brethren and sisters have 
since been heard to say that this was the best Christmas 
they have enjoyed in the Home. Nelson E. Shirk. 

Mt. Morris, III. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 

The Value of the Ordinances 

(Continued from Page 52) 

to appear before the face of God for us" (Heb. 9: 
24). The new life we begin here will find its full 
development in heaven itself (Rev. 22: 1, 2). The 
cleansing for service we seek here will find its ful- 
fillment in the day when, without spot or blemish. 
we shall serve in the beautiful city of God (Rev. 
19: 8; 22: 3). The fellowship we enjoy here, as, 
without caste of any kind, we sit about the Lord's 
table, is but a foretaste of the marriage supper of 
the Lamb (Rev. 19: 9). And the memorials of his 
sufferings here, continually point us forward to the 
time when he shall again partake with us in the eternal 
kingdom of the redeemed (Luke 22: 16-18). Then 
we shall no longer need the church with its temple 
(Rev. 21: 22), its officers or its symbols; for faith 
will have become sight, our weakness will have be- 
come strength, our hope will have become lost in 
fruition, and " God may be all in all " (1 Cor. 15 : 28). 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Austin church met in council Dec. 13 with Bro. B. E. Kesler as 
moderator. The deacons' report of the visit was heard and accepted. 
Officers were elected as follows: Bro. B. E. Kesler. elder; Bro. Luke 
Bumett. pastor; Brethren J. N. Moss and Weeks, deacons; Bro. L. 
Richardson, clerk; Bro. J. N. Moss, Sunday -school superintendent. 
The meeting was a good one and God's love was cherished by every- 
one. ' The church was revived and encouraged very much by the 
meeting.— C. R. Richardson, Ward. Ark., Jan. 7. 


Covina.— Since our last report one has been baptized. The Aid 
Society has chosen Sister Tcrnpie S. Funk, president. Sister Ida 
Fcsler is president o( the mothers and daughters' meeting. Our 
regular council was Jan. 2, Eld. Geo. F. Chemberlcn was reelected 
elder for the year; E. E. Shaver, clerk; Sister Margaret Fester, 
church correspondent. The ministerial committee was dismissed 
and the filling of the appointments was placed again in the hands 
of the elder and ministers, The church being delinquent in its 
proportion of the District mission expense, it was decided to take 
a special offering once a month for five months for this purpose. 
A very interesting and instructive Christmas program was ren- 
dered Dec. 21. A treat was given to the children's division of the 
Sunday-school Saturday afternoon.— S. W. Funk, Charter Oak, Calif.. 
Jan. 3. 

Elk Crcek.-Dec. 7 Bro. J. R. Wine, of Wichita. Kans., began a 
revival. Dec. 20 a very heavy snow fell and the weather was very 
cold, especially for this country, which made it unpleasant and in- 
convenient for folks to get out, so the meetings were closed. There 
was one applicant for baptism, which was administered Jan. S. We 
enjoyed a very pleasant visit from Brother and Sister Calvert, from 
Codora, also' Brother and Sister Cripe, from Richfield, a new colony 
just starting. These folks visited with u s during the meetings. Dec. 
20 Bro. Harvey Sncll, a member of the Mission Board, made us a 
business call. He was to occupy the pulpit on Sunday evening, but 
on account of the heavy snow, it was necessary for him to leave 
early Sunday morning in order to meet an appointment with the 
brethren at Codora. Dec. 29 the Student Volunteer Band, of La Verne. 
gaxe us a fine program in the evening. We expect to hold another 
revival sometime during the spring, to olose with a love feast.— J. 
J. Reppert. Elk Creek, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Figardcn church recently lost some more members, which we re- 
gie!, though glad that several other families have seen fit to move 
to Figardcn and will work with us. There was a good represen- 
tation at the program given on the Sunday evening before Christ- 
mas. It was especially impressive to sec the children lay their gifts 
on the altar. The Christmas offering of $1570 will go toward sup- 
porting the foreign worker assigned our District. During missionary 
week in September an offering of $82 was taken for the General 
Mission Board. At that time the junior children and mothers were 
also busy preparing a bos of babv comforters which they sent to 
Sister Nettie Sengcr. of China. We commend our Aid Society breth- 
ren for their fine offer of meeting with the sisters in a pruning bee 
at Ibe home of a brother who is physically unable to do all his 
work. Jan. 8 on taking renewal subscriptions for the " Messenger " 
we find thai almost the entire congregation have ordered the premium 
hook, Life of D. L, Miller.— Mrs. Clara Stoops, Fresno, Calif., Jan. 4. 
Live Oak.- J. R. Wine, of Wateriord, Calif., has accepted the pas- 
torate of our congregation. He came 10 Us Jan. 3 and will stay about 
a month and then will attend the Bible Institute at La Verne and 
hold a scries of meetings at Waterford, for which he is obligated. 
He and bis family expect to return to us about March 15.— Albert 
Crites, Live Oak. Calif., Jan. S. 

Los Angeles.— First church met in council Dec. 10. with Eld. Baker 
presiding. Four letters were received and two granted. Two Chinese 
boys were icceivcd into the church by baptism. Dec. 14 we held 
our love feast. Bro. S. J. Miller -'preached in the morning and at 
the noon hour all remained at the church for a basket dinner. In the 
afternoon Bro. Wcrtcnbaker preached. At this service our male 
quartet favored us with several appropriate selections. In the evening 
all surrounded the table for a very quiet and impressive communion 
service, with Bro. S. J. Miller officiating. We appreciated very much 
having ten visiting ministers with Us. Dec. 21 our Sunday-school gave 
an interesting Christmas program.— Mrs. L. E. Miller, Whitticr, Calif., 
Jan. 10. 

Modesto.— On Christmas evening our church gave a very appropri- 
ate program consisting of songs, recitations, dialogs and a pageant, 
after which there was a small treat for all. On New Year's eve the 
Deputation Team from La Verne College gave another very interesting 
program. We feci that such programs are a great uplift to out 
church and community. After the messages given by these young 
people we spent a social time together and served light refreshments 
in the basement. Just before the midnight hour we gathered in the 
main room for a season of devotion which was also an impressive 
service.— Mrs. I. M. Kauffman, Modesto, Calif., Jan. 4, 

Oakland.— For several years past the Oakland church has dis- 
tributed baskets at Thanksgiving time to some of the needy families 
of this city. This good work is made possible through the generosity 
of the Sisters' Aid Societies of the District, who send in dressed 
chickens, potatoes, apples, nuts, cakes, pumpkins for pies, and canned 
and dried fruit. This past Thanksgiving, twenty-three full baskets 
were taken out. whereby about 125 people were fed. who otherwise 
would have had no Thanksgiving cheer. A dinner was also served 
at the church, to which other needy families were invited, along 
with the Sunday-school children and their parents. Our workers gel 
in touch with the most needy ones through the Associated Charities 
therchy avoiding duplication, as other organizations arc doing a 
similar work. A limited amount of cash was sent us, with which we 

have purchased a couple of small stoves, medicine and shoes.— W. M. 
Piatt, Oakland, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Pasadena.— The closing month of 1924 was a good one. Our church 
services are well attended and the members are busy. The Sunday- 
school superintendent, Bro. E. A. Calvert, is a wide-awake man, 
always on duty as well as our pastor. The Friendship Bible Class 
gave a good missionary program the first Sunday in December. 
They reported almost $10,000 raised for missionary work through 
the church this past year. Our Christmas program was given Dec. 23. 
Some excellent music was rendered. Christian living was portrayed 
by showing what a home is where the mother is a true Christian 
and the father a non-Christian. Finally the father realizes that 
mother's religion was heing lived and he says: "After all, Christ 
living is real and I will live right for the sake of rearing the chil- 
dren for Christ." The platform was filled with white gifts which 
were distributed to homes in the community.. The junior boys and 
girls sang in nine homes to the aged and shut-ins. And the young 
people sang the Christmas carols at thirty -seven homes in the 
early morning hours.— Ida B. Gibbcl, Pasadena, Calif., Jan. 3. 


Inicana church met in council in December with Eld. J. L. Wed- 
tllc presiding. Election of officers and the arranging of work for 
1925 resulted in the selection of Bro. Weddlc as elder in charge and 
Bro. Ellis Wagoner, associate elder. There being two regular 
preaching services and two evergreen Sunday -schools, the question 
of granting each group of members the privilege of selecting their 
own officers to direct the services, each independent of the other, 
was considered and granted. Thereupon the group in and around 
Irricana called a members' meeting Dec. 27 and organized by select- 
ing Bro. I. M. McCunc foreman to direct and have charge of the 
services. Bro. Fred Bertrum is secretary; Melvin Bertrum "Mes- 
senger " agent; Sister Black, Sunday -school superintendent. The 
year's work as a whole has been very encouraging, and now the 
way the new officers are taking hold promises progress for 1925. — 
G. C. Long. Irricana, Alta., Canada, Jan. 5. 


Washington City.— During the past six months the local ministers 
have been filling our preaching appointments, assisted by the fol- 
lowing brethren: Wm, Beahm. missionary to Africa. McKinley Coff- 
man, L. S, Brumbaugh. Wm. Kinscy and J. M. Henry, of Maryland. 

D. E. Miller, of Chicago, and Earl M. Bowman, of Philadelphia. Our 
Sunday-school Rally was held Oct. 19, with approximately 400 present. 
Dr. W. S. Darby, Secretary of the Washington City Federation of 
Churches, delivered a splendid address on this occasion. Our semi- 
annual council was held Oct. 27, at which time Eld. J. M. Henry, 
President of Blue Ridge College, was elected elder in charge; Charles 

E. Resscr, church clerk; J. H. Hollinger, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Miss Sarah Garber. " Messenger " agent and the writer, " Messenger " 
correspondent. On Sunday evening, Nov. 16, we held our communion 
service, with Eld. J. M. Henry officiating. On the evening of Dec. 
21 our Ladies' Chorus, under the efficient direction of Miss Cora 
Beard, rendered a Christinas cantata to an appreciative audience. 
The Sunday-school gave its Christmas program on Tuesday evening, 
Dec. 2i, to a crowded house, one of the most attractive numbers being 
a " Human Christmas TreS." The splendid growth in the Beginners, 
Primary, Intermediate and Junior Departments of our Sunday- 
school gives us much encouragement for the future church at this 
place. The Chinese Sunday-school is also growing in interest, having 
an attendance 01 from thirty-five to forty each Sunday. — Mrs. J. H. 
Hollinger. Washington, D. C, Jan. 7. 


Arcadia church was much encouraged and strengthened by a series 
of evangelistic services held in November. Bro. W. J. Hamilton, 
director of Religious Education in Western Pennsylvania, was the 
very able evangelist. He preached eighteen splendid, spiritual ser- 
mons. As the direct result of his efforts four were haptized and one 
was reclaimed; two await the rite. The membership in general re- 
ceived new inspiration and was urged to a deeper consecration. Two 
very interesting vesper services were held during this time, which 
proved to be seasons of real worship, and we hope to repeat them 
occasionally. Dec. 14 Bro. D. H. Zigler, of Sebring, Fla., prcacehd 
for us in our evening service, following which the members met 
in council and elected officers for the year: Elder, Bro. J. H. Garst; 
pastor, S. W. Bail; clerk, Jno. Moriarty; " Messenger " agent and 
correspondent, Mrs. Cloe Tracy; Sunday-school superintendent; C. A. 
Trump. A Christmas program was rendered Dec. 23. We plan to 
hold a love feast in February. Our church has been newly painted 
without and the interior papered and new lighting fixtures installed. 
The appearance is now very attractive and inviting. We extend to 
any of our brethren who may be wintering in Florida a hearty 
invitation to come and visit us.— Helen Oellig Thomas. Arcadia, Fla.. 
Jan. 8. 

Clay County church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. A. D. Bow- 
man presiding. Two certificates were granted. Brethren J. H. Garst 
and D. H. Zigler. of Sehring. Fla., conducted an ordination service 
when Bro. H. B. Layman and wife were advanced to the eldership. 
The following officers were elected for the year: Bro. A. D. Bow- 
man, elder; Sister Maud B. Jenkins, clerk; Sister I. H. Crist, "Mes- 
senger" agent and correspondent; Bro. Baxley, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Bro. Zigler stayed with us and preached Sunday morning 
and evening, which was very much appreciated. We have secured 
the service of Bro. D. H. Zigler to conduct a series of meetings 
beginning Feb. 1 and closing with a love feast.— Mrs. Mina Smith, 
Middlcburg, Fla., Jan. 7. 


Emmctt church met in council Dec. 13. with Eld. L. H. Eby pre- 
siding. Most of the former officers were retained. It was decided 
to hold a love feast soon, also a series of meetings in the spring. 
We expect in the future to hold a love feast each spring and fall, 
definite dates to be decided on later. Bro. Austin Eiler and Bro. 
Wampler have been substitute ministers since September. At that 
time we were compelled to give up Brother and Sister Roy Hylton. 
The latter is teaching and preaching in Miami, N. Mex. We have 
also missed Bro. Warren Sessler and Sister Geraldine Crill, who are 
attending college at McPherson, Kans. Wc have had about eighteen 
inches of snow and the thermometer has dropped as low as 34 degrees 
below— the coldest in Idaho for thirty years. We have added three 
by litter the past year. Also a lew have been added to the Cradle 
Roll. The past year has been a busy one. We helped with the 
Bible School in June, which proved a great benefit to the children. 
The latter part of June wc entertained the District Meeting. In 
November Miss Marie Olson gave ^ series of singing lessons, a 
much needed help to our young people which they greatly appre- 
ciated.— Mrs. Dora Koontz, Emmett, Idaho, Jan. 7. 

Nampa church met in council Dec. 5 with Eld. C. A. Williams 
presiding. Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers 
were elected for the year: Bro. J. H. Graybill, elder; Bro. Louis 
Hulse, clerk; Sister Shrock " Messenger " agent; Sister H. E. 
Bradley, correspondent; Bro. J. C. Himlcr, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Bro. C. A. Williams, superintendent of -the Christian Work- 
ers' Society.— Mrs. H. E. Bradley. Nampa, Idaho, Jan. 7. 


La Motte Prairie church met in council Jan. 3 with Eld. J. C. 
Stoner presiding. It has been arranged for Bro. S. Z. Smith to con- 
duct a revival for us sometime in September and we arc trying to 
secure a song leader also. On the last Sunday in December Bro. 
Geo. Miller was with us. He preached a Christmas sermon in the 
morning, after which Bro. Ausby Swinger was ordained as a dea- 
con. It the evening Bro. Miller's line of thought was on " Better 
Things for the New Year. " We reorganized our Sunday-school 
with Florence Seymour superintendent. Our attendance has been 
small during the cold weather but we are anxious to increase both 
attendance and interest.— Mrs. Laura Plunkett, Palestine. III., Jan. 6. 

Milledgevillep church met for business Dec. 30. This is the time for 
our annual election of Sunday-school, Christian Worker and church, 
officers. Bro. John Gnagey was chosen as superintendent of the 
Sunday-school. This makes his seventeenth year of service in this 
capacity. He has three associate superintendents. A unanimous 

vole was cast for Bro. Paul Studcbaker to act as our pastor and 
elder. The church decided to follow the District plan in a Council 
of Promotion. This body is made up of the heads of diffcreut depart- 
ments of the church. The planning of a church program was given 
to them. Many new features have been added to last year's program 
that will tell for the Kingdom of God. A committee was appointed 
to make plans for our District Meeting. Just two days later Bro. 
Fierheller, a member of this committee, met with the accident that 
took his life so quickly. He was a busy man, but there was nothing 
he enjoyed more than working for the good of the church. Our loss 
is keenly felt in hi? death. Our Christinas program was one of real 
worship. A pageant was given, The True Christmas, directed by 
Irene Van Dyke Fierheller. Bro. J. W. Lear was with us at the 
time of our communion. In the evening he gave a wonderful sermon 
on Stewardship.-Eva L. Whisler. Millcdgeville, 111., Jan. 12. 

Okaw congregation met in council Dec. 6. On account of the 
sickness of our elder, Bro. N. H. Miller presided. All officers and 
committees were elected for the year: for La Place, Sunday-school 
superintendent Etta Arnold; Christian Workers' president Arthur 
Alexander; for Centennial, Sutiday -school superintendent Noah 
Buckingham; Christian Workers' president Orville Quinlan; "Mes- 
senger " agent, Mary Friesner; correspondent, the writer. Christ- 
mas eve the Primary and Junior Departments at La Place gave a 
program. "White Gifts for the King." The thought of giving and 
serving was brought out in the whole program. Each class in the 
Sunday-school gave a special offering of gifts or money for mis- 
sion wortt. In spite of the extreme cold the house was well 
filled.— Estella Arnold, La Place, 111.. Jan. 5. 


Arcadia church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. I. B. Wike in charge, 
The official board was instructed to appoint committees to care for the 
District Meeting of Southern Indiana which will convene at this 
place in August. We decided to have a set time for our spring and 
fall communion, namely the third Saturday of May and the third 
Saturday of October, the fall communioii to be at 6:30. Officers for 
the year were elected as follows: Clerk. Dallas Barnhizer; "Mes- 
senger " agent and correspondent, Sarah Kinder; members were 
chosen op the ministerial board and on the missionary committee 
for three years. The third Sunday of each month is missionary day. 
A short program is generally given and an offering taken for mis- 
sions.— Sarah Kinder, Arcadia, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Bethel church met in council Nov. 28. with Eld. L. R. Cory presid- 
ing. The Sunday-school officers were elected for six months, with 
Bro. J. B. Neff, superintendent. Dec. 7 the Volunteer Baud of Man- 
chester College gave us a two session program which was appreciated 
by all. Our Christmas program was a success— " The Search for the 
King." A new furnace has recently been installed for the comfort 
of the worshipers.— Lula Cooper, Milford. Ind.. Dec. 30. 

Bremen church closed a most helpful and encouraging series of 
meetings Dec. 21. conducted by Eld. C. C. Kindy. of Hunlington, Ind. 
Two were added to the church, one by baptism and' one being re- 
ceived from the Progressive Brethren. On the last day of the meeting 
in a sermon especially to the church. Bro. Kindy reminded the mem- 
bers of their duty in cooperating with and encouraging the pastor. 
Unknown to him some of the members already had in progress a 
shower of eatables. When the Christmas program was rendered Dec. 
23, there was a goodly number present, even though it was snowy and 
disagreeable. Just before the benediction at a signal from one of the 
brethren, several went to the basement and proceeded to bring up a 
store of goods, consisting of flour, sugar, meat, canned fruit, vege- 
tables and other groceries. There was also a purse of $25 donated by 
the Aid Society, of which the pastor's wife has efficiently served as 
president for several years. It was announced that the things were 
given by all the families of the congregation as an expression of 
good will to the pastor and his family and it was indeed a time of 
general rejoicing. While the gifts were valuable, still the spirit that 
prompted the giving is of greater value to the pastor and his wife 
after more than six years of service in the congregation. May God 
richly bless these dear brethren and sisters for their kindness and 
good will, and may we be of still greater service. I can recommend 
this kind of remembrance as an excellent way to cheer your pastor 
or elder and spur him on to the best that is in him.— Chas. C. Cripe. 
Bremen. Ind., Dec. 30. 

Bremen church met in council Dec. 6 with Eld. C. C. Cripe 
in charge. Two letters were received and the following officers 
were elected for the next year: Church clerk, Adam Kauffman; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Harry Wright; Christian Workers' 
president, adult department, Warren J. Miller. Some very en- 
couraging reports of the year's work were received. Dec. 7 our 
revival began. Bro. C. C. Kindy. of Huntington, Ind.. was the 
evangelist with Sister Ruth Kessler, song leader. The interest was 
fine in spite of some very inclement weather. Bro. Kindy preached 
the Word with power. Two accepted Christ and many others were 
spiritually uplifted. The meetings closed Dec. £1. Dec. 23 the 
Christmas program was given to a large audience. At the close 
of the service a shower of eatables was presented to our pastor 
and wife together with a check for $25 as a Christmas gift. Bro. 
Cripe is now entering upon his seventh year as pastor. — Mrs. 
Warren J. Miller, Bremen, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Cart Creek church met in council Dec. 26 with Eld. Obed Rife 
presiding. Some of the church officers for the coming year were 
elected with Lewis Kendall clerk. Three members were chosen on 
the new ministerial board. Bro. Oscar J. Winger was with us for 
our Christmas program.— Hazel Frantz, Marion, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Cedar Creek.— Because of the inclement weather and condition of 
the- roads the election of officers for the year was held .Dec. 21. Bro. 
Gerry Gump was chosen superintendent. On Christmas eve an in- 
teresting program was given. Jan. 4 the township Sunday-school 
convention will be held at this church with an all-day meeting. We 
are looking forward to a large crowd and a good program is being 
outlined. Our regular church attendance has been good and great 
interest is being manifested by all, especially the young people. Our 
pastor^ Bro. Russell Sherman, and wile are taking a great interest 
in the work here.— Mrs. Lawrence Smith, Garrett, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Cedar Lake.— Nov. 8 we enjoyed a very profitable love feast. 
Brethren Otho Winger, Jesse Gump, Jno. Urey, Russell Sherman 
and Helman, who officiated, were with us. In the following day 
Bro. Winger gave us two stirring messages. The occasion of our 
afternoon meeting was the dedication of our new parsonage built 
near the church. An offering of over $800 was taken, leaving a 
debt of $500. It was a day of joy and thanksgiving for all. Dec. 
18 we met in council. Bro, Frank KrehJer, member of the Mission 
Board, was chosen elder, and Mrs. Nellie Ryncrson superintendent 
ol the Sunday-school. A budget for the year was submitted and 
accepted. Committees and officers lor the various departments 
were chosen and many things considered to promote our work. 
One of these items was to arrange for a competent music teacher 
to be with us one or two evenings each week and invite the entire 
community to participate. This section of the country has been 
visited by several storms, the most pleasant of ' which occurred at 
the parsonage Nov. 16. Without any warning of its approach, the 
doors opened and blew the parsonage full of people. Nearly every 
member of the church was present and a very pleasant evening 
was spent. The members and pastor expressed their appreciation 
of the progress of the work and the spirit ol love and cooperation . 
in the church. The greatest evidence of the storm from the pastor's 
viewpoint was not the heavy coating of ice on the cars, trees and 
roads when the people started home but the large amount of gro- 
ceries, meat and grain they left.— Mrs. C. C. Cripe. Corunna, Ind., 
Dec. 31. 

English Prairie etiurch met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. Carl Yoder f 
presiding. Bro. S. J. Burger was chosen elder for another year. 
Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. John Schwann, super- 
intendent. Our Bible Institute conducted by Bro. R. C. Wengcr, 
from Manchester, is among the things of the past, but the teaching 
and the good lectures will not soon be forgotten. It was time well 
spent. We studied the Book of James, the Acts and a goodly number 
o( the Psalms. The extreme cold and storm were a hindrance to the 
attendance,— Mrs. Banks Light, Howe, Ind., Jan, 9. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


Fairviow church met in council Dec. 27. The reorganization of Sun- 
day-school and church resulted in reelecting all officers except the 
secretary, with Bro. Clarence Idle as superintendent. Sister Anna 
E. Wagoner was elected as corresponding agent to our missionary 
in China— Bro. Walter J. Heisey— that we might be in closer touch 
in our missionary relations. A good report was given by the'trcasur- 
ers "of the church, Sunday-school and Aid Society, with a balance 
on hand that is very encouraging. With mercury dropping to IS 
degrees below that evening we had 50 per cent of our regular at- 
tendance at services the next morning.— Lulu E. Root, Lafayette, 
Intl., Dec. 31. 

Ft. Wayne church convened in council Jan. 3 with Eld. J. A. 
Gump presiding. The Sunday school was reorganized and officers 
elected for the church for the year, as follows: Bro. Guy Harader, 
Sunday-school superintendent; -church clerk, G. E. Barett. It was 
also decided to devote one Sunday evening of each month to song 
service, to be under the supervision of our song leader, Bro. Shang- 
ster. Also a prayer service will be held weekly. Two letters were 
granted. The Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program and 
gave a candy treat. Considerable other business came before the 
meeting concerning the remodeling of the church property. The 
same if carried out will compare very favorably with any of the 
church homes of our Brethren in near-by cities. This will be 
decided on at our next regular business meeting in April.— J. Ahner, 
Ft. Wayne, Ind., Jan. 6. 

La Porte.— At the annual December council the church organized 
her forces for the year. Eld. Christian Mcczlcr was again selected 
as elder in charge. Eli Roose was continued as pastor under the 
auspices of the Mission Board. Other officers arc as follows: 
Church clerk and correspondent, Sister Rachel Merchant; " Mes- 
senger " agent, Sister Mary Cross; Sunday-school superintendent, 
Sister Agnes Merchant. Since our last report the church has been 
busy. Two deacons, Wm. Kuszmaul and Herbert Bayer were in- 
stalled. We held our annual all-day Thanksgiving meeting at 
which $28.56 was contributed for world-wide missions. And the 
Sunday -school had Christmas exercises which were appreciated by 
a full house. The church has declared her willingness and readiness 
to put over a full program for the Lord in the year 1925. Our 
faithful sister and church correspondent, Sister Merchant, has been 
in poor health but is gaining again for which we are thankful — 
Ellen Roose, La Porte, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Loon Creek.— Our Sunday-school observed Rally Day Oct. 26. Sister 
Edith Dresner, of North Manchester, favored the children with stories. 
Bro. D. D. Funderburg, of Chicago, brought the message for the 
preaching hour. In the evening he gave the first number of our lec- 
ture course, using- as his subject, " Europe as I Saw It." These serv- 
ices were well attended. Dec. 7 the West Manchester quartet gave the 
second number of our lecture course-a message in song and readings. 
Dec. 27 our church met in council, with Eld. D. W. Paul presiding 
Ten letters were granted and two received. Brethren H. L. Hart- 
sough, C. C. Kindy and E. B. Garber were with us. " The officers for 
the church and Sunday-school were elected for the year: Bro. Merrit 
Hoover, Sunday-school superintendent; church correspondent, the 
writer. The pastor and wife, Bro. Roy B. Teach, were ordained to 
the eldership by the elders present. Dec. 28 our Sunday-school was 
reorganized and installation services held. Bro. John Eberly, of North 
Manchester, gave the message which was very inspiring and helpful. 
Our Christmas program was well rendered, with a good attendance. 
Our work has been somewhat hindered because of a scarlet fever 
epidemic. Our Aid is doing very good work with Sister Sarah Hcas- 
lon, president.— Mrs. Roy B. Teach, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 10. 

New Paris church met in members' meeting Dec. 4, with Bro. Chas. 
Arnold presiding. The following officers were elected: Prayer meet- 
ing leader, J. Galen Whitehead; Christian Workers' president, Wm. 
Miller. Four letters were received. Our good janitor's salary was 
increased. Since our members' meeting J. Galen Whitehead has been 
elected Sunday- school superintendent and all the teachers for 1925 
have been installed. We had a Christmas program, consisting of a 
play by the older ones and exercises and songs by the children. Bro. 
T. E. George delivered our Thanksgiving sermon. Bro. Ezra Flory 
and Bro. Bagwell have each favored us with a sermon recently. Three 
new members have been added to the foldl— Mrs. Pearl Mishler, New 
Paris, Ind., Dec. 31. 

Roann.— Dec. 14 all officers were chosen for the different divisions 
of the Christian Workers' Societies. Dec. 21 J. W. Lear, of Chicago, 
met with us and in the morning gave us a Spirit-filled message. We 
were glad to have him remain with us for our Christinas pageant 
in the evening. Bro. S. L. Cover, our pastor, was chosen elder for 
the year. Dec. 23 he presided at our council. The following church 
officers were elected: Clerk, Bro. W. E. Rife; correspondent, the 
writer; "Messenger" agent, Bro. C. C. Miller; Sunday-school super- 
intendent, adult department, Bro. C. C. Miller; superintendent of 
Christian Workers' Societies, Sister S. L. Cover. Members were 
chosen on the finance, temperance, missionary and ministerial com- 
mittees. It was also the voice of the church to keep Bro^Cover 
as pastor another year. They have put forth every effort and sac- 
rificed much for the building up of the cause of the Master here. 
Jan. 4 the installation service was held for all the new officers and 
Jan. 11 a consecration service will be held for the teachers. The 
first Tuesday of each month officers and teachers meet to discuss the 
problems of the Sunday-school. The officers of the Christian Workers' 
Societies meet this week to make out the programs for the next 
sis months. Jan. 7 the church surprised our janitor, Bro. Edd Swi- 
hart, and family, to show a little of our appreciation of their faith- 
fulness to the church. The mothers and daughters gave a little 
program and reorganized the society, ■ with Sister Milton Kendal, 
president.— Mrs. Estella Musselman, Denver, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Ross ville.— Nov. 23 our Thanksgiving program was given. The offer- 
ing was used for missions. Dec. 7 we elected officers for the year. 
Bro. Harry Gochenour was reelected superintendent; Bro. Russell Cripc, 
clerk; Sister Bernice Gray, " Messenger " correspondent. The instal- 
lation services for all' Sunday-school teachers and officers will be held 
Jan. II, with Bro. I. R. Beery, of the Pyrmont church, in charge. Dec. 
24 we had our Christmas program, which was suggested in the booklet. 
" The Wonderful Birthday." Dec. 27 we held our council, with Eld. J. 
C. Stinebaugh presiding. Since our last report one member has been 
reinstated and six letters have been granted. On the fifth Sunday of 
March, May. August and November special programs will be given: 
one temperance, one educational and two missionary.— Floyd R. Wago- 
ner. Rossville, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Santa Fe church met in council Dec. 23, with Eld. Perry Coblentz 
presiding. Bro. Abner Bohn was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent.. Dec. 21 Samuel Polovina, the converted Austrian, known as 
Methodist Sam, of Upland, Ind., preached a splendid sermon and 
the following evening he gave his life story from heathenism to Christ. 
These services were largely attended.— Mrs. Fuchsia Condo, Bunker 
Hill, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Turkey congregation met in council Dec. 7 with Eld. Henry 
Wysong presiding. Officers were elected for 1925: Elder, Edward 
Stump; Sunday-school superintendent, Ada Fisher; "Messenger" 
correspondent, Mabel Mishler. Dec. 1 Bro. Wm. Buckley, of Day- 
ton, Ohio, began a revival which continued two weeks. He 
preached very spiritual sermons. The attendance was very good. 
Bro. Homer Weldy, of Union Center congregation, led the song 
services. We are very thankful for the attendance of Union Cen- 
ter and the special music they rendered during the meeting. One 
was baptized. Dec. 21 Bro. M. R. Miller gave us a very much 
appreciated sermon.— Henry L. Fletcher, Nappanee, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Union church met in business session Dec. 13 with Eld. John Ap- 
pieman presiding. One letter was granted. Bro. Appleman's time 
expired and Bro. Arthur Miller, of the Blissville congregation, was 
chosen for one year. Sunday-school officers were elected for 1925, 
with Emery Reed superintendent. Dec. 1 Bro. Geo. Sherck, of Mid- 
dlcbury, Ind., came to assist in a two weeks' revival. He preached 
the Bible with earnestness and understanding. The interest was good 
throughout the meeting. The church was built up spiritually and 
one merhber was added to the church. Sisters Ruth Kesler and 
Ethel Eisenour led the singing. We were also favored with special 
songs by Blissville, Yellow River and Plymouth churches and ap- 

preciated them very much.-Mrs. Ray Welborn, Plymouth, Ind., 

Upper Fall Creek church met in council Dec. 27 with Bro. L. L. 
Teeter in charge. Officers were elected for the year with Bro. 
John B. Alexander superintendent.— Rachel E. Alexander, Middle- 
town, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Wakarusa church held a two weeks' revival beginning Dec. 1. 
Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of North Manchester, had charge and Miss 
Edith Weybright, of Syracuse, led in song. Bro. Ulery gave us 
some very practical Bible teaching. We all felt that we had been 
renewed in our faith -^nd were made more desirious of studying 
the Bible. Three were baptized Dec. 28. Bro. W. R, Miller began 
Dec. 29 his six days of illustrated views of his travels in the 
various lands of the Orient. He also gave an account of their 
capture by the Arabs and their miraculous 'escape. Attendance was good at all these meetmgs.-Mrs. Myrtle Searer, Waka- 
rusa, Ind., Jan, 6. 

West Eel River church met in council Dec. 13 for reorganization 
Bro. Geo. Mishler was reelected elder in charge and all other vacancies 
were filled, including Sunday-school offices. Dec. 7 Bro. Lehman from 
North Manchester began a scries of meetings and J. W. Norris con- 
tinued two weeks. Three of our Sunday-school girls were baptized— 
C. F. Rush, Silver Lake, Ind., Dec. 30. 


Fredericksburg.— Thauksgiving Day Bro. W. O. Tannreuther. of 
Waterloo, gave us a splendid sermon on the many blessings the 
Lord gives us. At noon a basket dinner was served to a large 
crowd. An offering of $25.10 was taken for home missions. In the 
afternoon the young people gave a short but interesting program 
which cloied the service for the day. Dec. 11 the members met in 
council with Bro. J. F. Burton in charge. He was chosen elder 
for the year by a unanimous vote. Sunday-school officers were 
elected with Sister Ollie Adams superintendent. Bro. H. Gillam is 
filling the preaching appointments this winter. Christmas eve 
the young folks gave a program which was enjoyed by all. The 
Sunday-school sent $6.55 to the Near East Relief. The Sisters' Aid 
did some repairing on the church this summer and fall and is 
planning on doing more in the spring.— Gertrude Elliott. Fredericks- 
burg, Iowa, Jan. S. 


Belleville.— Because of stormy weather our Christmas program was 
a week late, hut was enjoyed by those present. At our December 
council the following officers were elected: Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, Floyd Kuhn; Christian Workers' president, Orvillc Kyle. C. 
E. Ball is to lend the song service at our spring series of meetings. 
With our elder and pastor. E. D. Steward, in charge we arc starting 
the new year with hopeful prospects for a better year for the 
Master's cause.— Jessie 0. Ball, Belleville, Kans., Jan. 10. 

East Wichita church closed her series of meetings with a love 
feast Dec. 1. Eld. O. P. Haines, of Lima, Ohio, conducted the meet- 
ings and officiated at the love feast. About 136 members communed. 
An encouraging feature of this service was the large number of 
young people in attendance. Both the attendance and interest were 
good. Bro. Haines and the pastor did much visiting and personal 
work. Bro. Haines is a strong speaker, not shunning to declare the 
truth. As an immediate result fifteen were baptized. We greatly ap- 
predated the hearty cooperation of the West Side church in these 
meetings. Dec. 7 Dr. D. W. Kurtz, of McPhcrson, was with us both 
morning and evening and delivered two of his forceful and instructive 
lectures. Dec. 14 our aged and much esteemed Bro. Wm. Johnson 
delivered his eighty-ninth birthday sermon which was a masterpiece 
for one of his age. Though fmil in body, having to sit in a chair 
to deliver his message, his mind is alert and his reasoning was clear 
and forceful. He emphasized the need of more closely adhering to 
the teaching of the Bible rather than philosophizing and theorizing 
so much. Jan. 7 the church met in business session. All church 
officers were elected for the year: Elder, H. F. Crist; "Messenger" 
agent, Glen Patterson; the writer, correspondent. The budget system 
which was adopted to meet the financial needs for 1924 has also 
been approved for 1925. The past year has been otic of prosperity 
with a very marked degree of love, harmony and cooperation and we 
enter the new year optimistically, with broadened vision and a heart- 
felt desire for a stronger grasp on the upreach and 'outreach as we 
strive to help to bring his Kingdom in. Feb. 8 the Young People's 
Conference of a number of the local churches of the District will 
convene at the East Side church. Dr. Kurtz will have a place on 
the program.— Bettie Crist, Wichita, Kans., Jan. 8. 

Independence church met in special council Dec, 8 with Eld. A. C. 
Daggett in charge. He was reelected cider for the year. Sunday- 
school officers were chosen with Chas, Clinc superintendent. Mis- 
sionary, temperance and finance committees also were elected. It 
was decided to secure a lady community worker owing to the fact 
that we were not able to maintain a pastor. A committee was 
chosen to select such worker. Nettie Clark was elected corre- 
spondent and Sister Gardner "Messenger" agent. Our scries of 
meetings, begun Nov. 8 by Bro. Benj. Forney, was a success. Ow- 
ing to his sudden death Nov. 26 the meetings were continued by the 
home ministers. Nineteen were baptized and two await the rite, 
Owing to bad roads and weather, the Young People's Conference 
which was to have been held at Farsons, Jan. 3 and 4, was post- 
poned until more favorable weather conditions prevail. ' At a spe- 
cial committee meeting of the officers for the year it was decided 
to omit the' offering usually taken during Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. The offerings taken before church services in the morning 
and evening go to a fund to support our community worker. We 
feel that this service adds to the spirit of our meeting. The new 
year opened with a great deal of hope of improvement in many 
lines.— Mrs. Nat Belts, Neodesha. Kans., Jan. 7. 

North Solomon church met in council Dec. 20. The following of- 
ficers were elected for the year: Elder, J. E. Small; superintendent, 
Sister Rose Naylor; Secretary, Bro. Isaac Lerew; Christian Workers' 
president, Sister Gladys Naylor; the writer, "Messenger" agent and 
correspondent. Two letters have been granted and one received. 
The three churches of the town, including ours, enjoyed a union 
revival during November. We feel that much good has been ac- 
complished through the effort.— Mrs. John Moyer, Harlan, Kans., 
Jan. 7. 

Topeka— Our council convened Jan. 3, with Eld. L. A. Whitaker 
as moderator. All the officers of the church, Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' Society were elected; Harry Smith, superintendent 
of Sunday-school; Ray Hite, president of Christian Workers. Our 
young people have a separate society with Pearl Simmons as president. 
The Ladies' Aid Society met on Jan. 6 and elected officers for the 
year. Our Sunday-school board decided to hold a workers' meeting 
at least once a month to talk over Sunday-school problems and to 
help to do a greater work this year (or our Master.— Mrs. Mary M. 
Smith, Oakland, Kans., Jan. 9. 


Mt. Zion church is now holding Sunday-school and all church 
services in the chapel at San Mar Home and will continue to do so 
until April 1. Our Sunday-school maintains a good interest and is 
increasing in attendance. Officers for the Sunday school for the 
year were elected Sunday morning, with Bro. John Wishard, superin- 
tendent. The evening following, officers were elected for our 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. G. S. Batzel is president. Much 
interest is being manifested in our meetings held each Sunday even- 
ing. We also had the pleasure of enjoying a splendid Christmas pro- 
gram rendered by the Mt. Zion Sunday-school. The members of San 
Mar Home for the aged spent a very delightful Christmas. There 
are fifty-eight in the home, fifty-seven of whom were able to come 
to the dining room to enjoy the chicken dinner. Quite a number of 
donations were received for the benefit of making a merry Christmas 
for the aged folks. Various classes from the Church of the Brethren, 
Hagerstown, sent checks amounting to $55; Meadow Branch Sunday- 
school furnished a bath towel and wash cloth to each member of 
the home. Various other donations also were received. The manage- 
ment as well as members of the home wish to express their thanks 
to all contributors.— Mrs. W. F. Cartee, San Mar, Md., Jan. 8. 


Official Organ of the Church of the Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold Gen- 
era! Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions htty cents extra.) 


H. A. BRANDT, Awlatant Editor 

Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorised August 20, 1918. 


Thomapplo church met in council Dec. 20, with Bro. P. B. Mess- 
ner presiding. Officers for the new year were chosen as followa: 
Elder. Bro. G. F. Culler; foreman, P. B. Messncr; trustee, John Hersh- 
berger; "Messenger" agent, Grace Mcssner; Sunday-school su- 
perintendent, Roy McRobcrts; the writer, correspondent. Members of 
the finance and ministerial committees were also chosen. Thanks- 
giving we enjoyed an all-day service at the church followed by our 
love feast in the evening. We were very glad for those who came 
from other churches to attend this service and appreciated the help 
and inspiration which they gave. On New Year's Day the Ladies' 
Aid Society met at the home of Brother and Sister Ivan Geiser. 
(he nun were also invited and a good social time was enjoyed by 
all.— Mrs. Harold Rowland, Lake Odessa, Mich., Jan. 5. 


Carthage church met in council Dec. 28 to elect Sunday-school 
and church officers for the next six mouths. Eld. Ira Witrnore and 
family moved here in October, their letter being received shortly 
afterward. Eld. Witrnore presided, Bro. Forrest Moore was chosen 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Julia Herrell, president of 
Christian Workers. The church has been giving to the different 
mission funds: General Mission Board, Oct. 19, $9.65; Thanksgiving 
offering for home missions, $8.31; Dec. 7, for world-wide missions, 
$10.10.-Mrs. Sam Bussard, Carthage, Mo., Jan. 6. 

South St. Joseph church met in council Jan. 2 with Eld. J. D. 
Brower, of South English, Iowa, in charge. At this meeting wc 
practically started out under a new organization. We were re- 
cently released from the care of our District Mission Board and Bro. 
J. D. Brower becomes our elder in charge, assisted by Bro. Jas. 
M, Mohlcr, of Lceton, Mo. The preaching services are in charge 
of the local ministers. Sister Mac Wolf is clerk; Sister Kearns 
Sunday-school superintendent. Bro, Brower remained with us over 
Sunday, preaching both in the forenoon and at night. Saturday 
night we met for baptism, baptizing an elder of the Latter Day 
Saints to whom wc gave license to preach for one year. Bro. Bert 
Baldwin was reinstated into the deacon's office. Sister Lizzie 
Weiser was anointed just before the Sunday evening service, and 
another brother was received by baptism immediately afterward — E 
N. Huffman, St. Joseph, Mo,, Jan. 5. 


Clovls church met in council Dec. 26 and reorganized for the year 
beginning Jan. 4. Bro. C. D. Fager was reelected as our elder for 
another year. A volume of business came, before the meeting which 
was disposed of in a very harmonious manner. We are having 
splendid interest and attendance in our regular meetings. A com- 
mittee was chosen to secure an evangelist to hold a revival meet- 
ing some lime in March. By unanimous consent it was decided to 
advance our pastor Bro, Weaver to the full mim'stcry. Brother 
and Sister Weaver were duly installed, our two elders, Bro. E. 
J, Smith and C. D. Fager, having charge of these services. We 
now feel quite well organized and hope to do more and greater work 
during the year of 1925. We have a fine healthful country, an 
abundance of the best of water. Land is cheap, and we especially 
invite our members contemplating a change to come and sec our 
part before locating.— Mrs. Bessie Smith Niswandcr, Clovis, N. Mex,, 
Jan. 5, 


Lake Ridge church met in council Dec. 14, with Eld. R. A. Nedrow 
as moderator. The following officers were elected for the year: Clerk, 
Sister Martha Weibly; trustee, Bro. Elmer Arnold; "Messenger" 
agent, the Aid Society; correspondent, Ruth Nedrow. The Aid Society 
gave an excellent report of their work during the year. Our Sun- 
day-school was reorganized Dec. 21. with Brethren Frank Keim and 
Lawrence Nedrow superintendent!. A fine Christmas program was 
rendered Dec. 2S.-Ruth Nedrow. Ludlowville, N. Y., Jan. 7. 


Surrey.— Bro. D. D. Funderburg, of Bethany, came to us Dec. 21 
for a week of Bible lessons. The weather was very cold and the at- 
tendance was small, but those who did go feel that it was worth 
while. Bro. Funderburg is an earnest teacher, a Spirit-filled man, 
and the lessons he gave us on Christian living, taken from the 
Sermon on the .Mount, also lessons on prayer and personal work, 
were very good.— Mrs. D. T. Dierdorff, Surrey, N. Dak., Jan, 5. 


Beaver Creek.— Nov. 8 this church had the pleasure of hearing 
the lecture on Peace delivered by Bro. Edward Frantz. Dec. 6 our 
church met in council, with Eld. Howard Eidemillcr presiding. Bro. 
Harry Haverstick was chosen Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
May Johnson corresponding secretary. Church officers were elected. 
A report of the church, treasurer, and Sisters' Aid Society was 
read. Sunday evening Dec. 21 our church enjoyed a Christmas 
program given by the children and young [oiks of the church. — Mrs. 
May Johnson, Xcnia, Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Goshen— We met in members' meeting Dee. 29 with Eld. G. S. 
Strushaugh in charge. The reports from the various departments of 
the church show good work. One letter was granted. Bro. C. H. 
Deardorff was chosen as pastor for another year. He and his 
faithful wife certainly have done and arc doing a good work in this 
vicinity. Our Sunday-school gave a fine and fitting program Christ- 
mas night at White Cottage. The offering was $6.66.— Mrs. J. F. 
Shrider, South Zanesville, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Painter Creek.— Nov. 30 Bro. Oliver Royer, of New Philadelphia, 
began a scries of meetings and continued until Dec. 17. As a result 
thirteen were added to the church through baptism. Dec. 6 we 
met in council with Bro. Wm. Royer in charge. Owing to Bro. 
Royer and family moving from our District Bro. Lawrence Kreider 
was chosen to serve as elder the coming year. Wc regret very much 
to have Bro. Royer leave us. Walter Swinger was elected Sunday- 
school superintendent. A number of other officers and committees 
were chosen to serve the church in different departments. Dec. 21 
the children gave a very interesting Christmas program. Dec. 28 
Bro. Roy Honeyman conducted the installation services for the officers 
and teachers of the Sunday-school.— Mrs. Irvin Fourman, Greenville, 
Ohio. Jan. 7. 

Ross church met in council Jan. 3 with Eld. S. I. Driver presid- 
ing. The annual election of officers for church and Sunday-school 
was held which resulted in the old officers being retained. Bro. A. 
L. Coil was chosen delegate to District Meeting with Sister Lorene 
Cole alternate. Jan. 5 an offering of $11 was taken for the Gen- 
eral Mission Board. Our Sunday-school has started the new year 
with an exceptionally good attendance. We decided to try and 
secure Sister Mary L. Cook to hold a series of meetings sometime 
in October. Bro. S. I. Driver conducted a consecration meeting 
Sunday morning for the officers and teachers.— Frances E. Detrick, 
Spencerville, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

(Continued on Page 63) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


ANNVILLE, PA.— Wc held 20 all-day meetings; average attend- 
ance 8; membership 25. Wc made 21 sunbonncts, 7 clothespin bags, 
pieced 3 quilts and finished 8; made 267 aprons, and 22 articles (or a 
family in need. Wc paid $50 to J. F. Graybill, Sweden; §50 and a 
box of clothing, value $60.18, lo Virginia Industrial School; $1 to 
District Secretary; $63.06 for home purposes; balance $67.SO. Officers: 
President Sister Fannie Longcncckcr; Vice-President Sister Fannie 
Gingrich; Superintendent Sister Emma Yake; the writer Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Mrs. Anna Minnich, Annville, Pa., Jan. 2. 

ANTIOCH, 1ND. (Killbuck).— Officers: Viola Hartley, President; 
Nancy Bowers, Vice-President; Maria M. Priddy, Secretary-Treasurer. 
We held 15 all-day and 2 half-day meetings; number enrolled, 32; 
average attendance, 12. We made 30 sunbonncts, 1 apron, pieced 2 
quilts, quilted i. sold a quilt; 2 quitts on hand, valued at $5 each. 
We served lunch al 2 sales; expenses, $71.94; on hand, $107.81.— Maria 
M. Priddy, Antioch, Ind. 

ANTIOCH, VA.— Enrollment 24; number of meetings 12; average 
attendance 10. Wc made 100 prayer coverings, 5 bonnets and 8 
garments; quilted 6 quilts, knotted 2 comforts. Wc gave clothing, 
quilts, etc., valued at $25; carried over $34.52; received from sales, 
fees, donations, etc., $126.41; total $160.93; spent for material $36.22; 
we gave to Greene County School $15; Forward Movement $15; for 
repairing basement $10; (or new churchhouse at mission point $15; 
for mission work at Schoolficld $10; O. F. Helm $3.50; General Sec- 
retary $1; balance, $55.21. Sister Nora Flora, President; Sister Bes- 
sie Laprade Vice-President; Sister Hattie Bowman Secretary- 
Treasurer.— Mrs. A. O. Brubakcr, Callaway, Va., Dec. 29. 

BERKEY. PA.— Enrollment 11; meetings held 31. We quilted 14 
quilts, made coverings, sunbonncts, aprons, clothespin aprons, and 
house dresses. Wc also stamped fourteen sets of kindergarten quilt 
patches and sold Inglenook cook books and vanilla. Wc paid to 
home missions $10; to the Virginia Industrial School $5; to the lo- 
cal church debt $50; purchased a new blackboard and coal for the 
church; helped to pay for new song books and paid for wall paper 
and repairs at the parsonage. We have also visited and brought 
gifts and flowers for the sick.— Mrs. Florence E. Livingstone, Wind- 
ber, Pa., Dec. 30. 

BETHEL, IND.— We held 42 all-day meetings and one half-day; 
enrollment, 15; average attendance, 7. Our work consisted of making 
prayer-coverings, quilt and comlort blocks, sewing carpet rags, knot- 
ting comforters and quilting. We gave $18 to Greene County School; 
$1 to District Secretary; $5 to District Aid; $100 to Manchester Col- 
lege endowment; $25 for new furnace for church; sent quilt blocks, 
picture roll and cards to India, and bandages to Africa; clothing for 
relief work in Germany, worth $5; 2 comforters for the poor; $11 worth 
oi clothing to needy. Carried over, $47.34; receipts, $109.75; total, 
$157.09; paid out. $74.33; balance, $82.76. President, Sister Chloe Neff; 
Vice-President, Sister Anna Hammond; Secretary, Sister Agnes Neff; 
Treasurer, Sister Marie Gilbert; Superintendent, Sister Anna Ham- 
mond,— Sister Lula Cooper, Milford, Ind. 

BETHLEHEM, VA.— We held 12 regular and 2 special meetings; 
enrollment IS; average attendance 9. Our work consisted of making 
prayer-coverings, dresses, piecing quilts, quilting, tacking comforts, 
weaving rugs, etc. Wc gave, to Greene County School $12; O. F. 
Helm $3.50; Boone Mill church $25; toward support of pastor at 
Schoolfield $10; District Secretary $1; box for needy $15.10; for ma- 
terial $47.65; lotal $114.25; received $134.83; carried over $115.34; on 
interest $100; balance $135.97. President, Sister Cora Bowman; Vice- 
President, Sister Cora Peters; Superintendent, Sister Lou lie Bowman; 
Secretary -Treasurer, the writer.— Mrs. M. A. Bowman, Boone Mill, 
Va., Dec. 27. 

BREMEN, IND.— Members on roll, 14; average attendance, 10; we 
held 10 all-day and 16 half-day meetings. We made 5 large comforters 
knotted and a small one; 8 romper suits, 24 aprons, 16 coverings, 3 
comfort tops, 5 quilt tops, quilted 4 quilts and made a number of 
garments. Aid Society offerings, $26.24; we sold $39.01 worth of articles. 
We gave $22 to Industrial School; $10 to pastor for convention; $60 
for church insurance; $25 as Christmas gift to pastor and wife; 6 
dresses and 2 dozen bandana handkerchiefs to India; 48 bandages to 
Africa; paid for sending of a barrel and 2 sacks of food for the poor 
in Chicago; work for other people, $15.80; 48 coverings sold, $22; 
Aid Sales, $93.80; expenses, $162.16; on hand. $132.54. Officers: Presi- 
dent, Sister Amanda Cripe; Vice-President, Sister Cora Drake; Super- 
intendent, Sister Elizabeth Carbicner; Secretary -Treasurer, the writer, 
—Dorothy Caibicner Miller. Bremen. Ind. 

BROTHERS VALLEY, PA. (Pike).— We held 15 meetings; average 
attendance, 11; average offerings, §1.56. We quilted 9 quilts and 3 
haps; made and sold 14 aprons; also a number of prayer-coverings; 
sold calendars and extract; held 2 bake sales. We gave $65 to home 
missions; $50 to Virginia School; $7 to current expense fund of Dis- 
trict; for communion cups, $30.80; for parsonage, §100; carpet for 
church aisles, §3.72; paid one-half picnic buildings; carried over, 
4322.65; received from rainy day bags, §27.12; monthly offerings, 
$19.87; other sources. $241.92; expenses, §419.79; balance in carpet fund 
treasury, $62.64; balance in both funds, §344.41. Officers: President. 
Emma Knepper; Secretary-Treasurer, Leora Saylor; Superintendent, 
Emma Mostollcr.— Orpha G. M. Baucrmaster, Berlin, Pa. 

CASTINE, OHIO.— Enrollment 20; average attendance 10; number 
of meetings held 46. We quilted 18 quilts, made 15 comforts, 95 
sunbonnets, held three markets, did sewing for families, visited the 
sick and prepared a box of clothing and bedding for German Relief. 
Donations: Industrial School §20; mission board $10; Manchester 
College endowment $26; O. F. Helm §3.75; Manchester College Hos- 
pital $5; other donations $22.40; total $97.53; expenses $52.20; total 
receipts .$338.75; balance §189. Officers: President Altna Lutz; Vice- 
President Annie Longanccker; Superintendents Mandilla and Alma 
Pctry; Secretary -Treasurer the writer.— Esther Petry, West Man- 
chester, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

CHR1STIANSBURG, VA.-We organized an Aid Society a year ago 
with an enrollment of 19. We held 12 meetings, with an average at- 
tendance of 9. Our work consisted of piecing quilts, making pillow 
cases, etc. We had one ice cream supper and one lunch sale. Re- 
ceipts, $126.81; expenses, mostly for the church, such as carpet, floor 
paint and remodeling were $122.66. We also sent a box of clothing 
to Germany. Officers: President. Sister Alma Richardson; Vice- 
President. Sister Anas Spangler; Superintendent, Sister Pauline Nolly; 
Secretary-Treasurer, the writer.— Dana Souers, Chris tiansburg, Va. 

CIRCLEVILLE MISSION, OHIO.-Officers: Sister Ethel Coppock 
President;. Sister Grace Bctz. Treasurer; the writer. Secretary. Our 
work consisted of making 203 dust caps, 77 aprons. 63 sunbonnets. 
14 clothespin aprons. 4 comfort tops, 1 comfort, etc. Receipts, $127.37; 
we gave $25 toward painting the church; $10 to Manchester College' 
on hand, $26.95.— Emma Essick, Circleville, Ohio. 

DONNELS CREEK, OHIO.— We held 23 regular meetings, with an 
average attendance of 8. We had two joint meetings, with the 
Springfield Aid. We made 82 visits to the sick. Our work consisted 
of quilting 8 quilts, piecing quilt and comfort blocks and making 
children's clothing. We receive through donations, regular offerings 
and birthday offerings from the Sunday-school, $39.55; 2 sale dinners, 
$47.17; quilts and comforter sold, $39.75; carried over, $33.33; total re- 
ceipts. $159.80; spent for material, $56.86; knives, forks and spoons, 
$11.10; to the Sunday-school for Sister Sollenberger, $5; Greenville 
Home. $10; Bethany Hospital, $10; Greene County School, §30; total 
$123.34; balance. $36-46. Gave clothing to the Springfield rummage 
sale, to German relief and to Greene County School; 3 sheets and a 
comforter to the Greenville Home. Officers: President. Sister Mary 
Roof; Vice-Prtddent, Sister Etta Barnhart; Secretary, the writer- 
Ruth Dresner, Springfield, Ohio. 

ELK RUN, VA.— We held 16 meetings; total on roll 36; active 
members 12; average attendance 10; reported 191 visits to the sick 
Receipts: Balance from 1923, $7.54; free will offering $16.62; donations 
$7.90; birthday offering $4.55; coverings $5.95; rainy day offering 

$3.86; missionary offering §16.49; sale of rugs and carpet $45.27; Va- 
cation Bible School offering $10.73; Easter $3.28; fruit §26; yoke $5; 
comforts and quilts $17.95; counterpane and pillow throw $13.85; 
laundry tablets and Larkin $12.82; Stover books $7.20; dinners $21.23; 
garments $9.50; miscellaneous $1.20; total $236.92. Disbursements: 
District Secretary $1; Greene County School $34; Stover books $17.50; 
to Conference $2; District mission worker, §22.50; Vacation Bible 
School teachers, $40; Bethany Sanitarium $5; to needy $5; Sarah Z. 
Myers' support $26; and a number of miscellaneous items; total 
$227.01; balance $9.91. We also sent cards, sunshine boxes, flowers 
and other gifts to the sick, shut-ins and needy of the community. 
Officers: President Anna Ralston; Vice-President Minnie Smith; 
Secretary the writer; Treasurer Sarah Smith; Superintendent Mary 
J. Huffman.-Ina Miller Huffman, Churchvillc, Va.. Dec. 31. 

FREDERICK, MD.— We have 24 members with an average attend- 
ance of 10 at the business meetings and 8 at the meetings for work. 
Number of articles made and sold; 93 dustcaps, 63 aprons, 96 prayer- 
coverings, 8 comforts; quilted these 8 comforts and 20 quilts, pieced 
6 quilts; sold 20 church bonnets. Wc collected $23.95 in membership 
fees; donations of gifts for Christmas sale, $46; receipts, $376.58; wc 
gave $30 toward support of pastor; $10 to Greene County School; 
$6.25 to needy; $16 toward coal for church; clothing to German Relief. 
We had donated to us $32 in money. Mrs. Margaret Gittinger, 
President: Mrs. Julia McHenry, Vice-President; Mrs. Ida Dodd, 
Treasurer; the writer, Secretary.— Anna Mary Shaw, Frederick, Md. 
. FREEPORT, ILL.— Enrollment 14; average attendance 8; we held 
16 meetings. Our work consisted of making aprons, spool boards; 
basket covers, clothespin bags, dust caps. We held church sup- 
pers, food sales, ice cream social and a bazaar. We made $454.90. 
Bought flowers for the sick; dishes for our church and made im- 
provements in the basement; gave $5 to China mission; $20 to 
church treasurer; $10 to the Greene County Industrial School; §2 
to a student; total §426.90; balance, $28. President, Mrs. Susan 
Bere; Vice-President, Mrs. Ida Anderson; Secetary -Treasurer, Mrs. 
Rena Byrem.— Mrs. Grace Heislcr, Freeport, III., Dec. 31. 

GARRETT, PA. (Gleaners)— We held 62 half-day meetings; en- 
rollment 13; average attendance 5. The work consisted of weaving 
97 rugs, quilting 10 quilts, making a comfort, 2 bonnets, etc.; sell- 
ing Ready Jell, Nu Way, vanilla and silver polish. We gave $84 
toward Bro. D. K. Clapper's salary; paid $33 on church piano; total 
deposits $247.22; expenditures §229.32; balance $17.90. President Mrs. 
L. A. Phennicie; Treasurer Mrs. H. Lehman; Secretary the writer.— 
Mrs. E. G. Fidlcr, Garrett, Pa„ Jan. 1. 

HEIDELBERG, PA.— We held 17 meetings, with an average at- 
tendance of 5. Our work was mostly quilting; we sold scripture 
calendars and extract. Contributions: Bethany Hospital, $15; Greene 
County School. $15; world-wide missions, §15; home missions, §16.75; 
receipts, $72.04; expenditures, $65.12; balance, $6.92.— Amanda Bru- 
baker, Schaeffcrstown, Pa. 

MANCHESTER, IND.-We held 28 half-day, 1 all-day and 2 
special meetings, with an average attendance of 22. We held 2 mar- 
kets, 1 bazaar, served meals, etc.. besides our sewing. We finished 
16 quilts, 42 comforters, 83 sheets, 131 pillow cases, 18 sunbonncts, 
mended 42 rugs. Garments and money were donated to needy families 
about town; clothing and shoes to the German Relief; a box to 
Sister NeUc Wamplcr; clothing and a comforter to the Mexico Home. 
Receipts: carried forward, $213.99; interest, $62.03; dues, §46.25; offer- 
ings, §3.70; solicitors, $13; birthday offerings, $20.29; work, $83.75; 
quilting, $58.39; articles sold, $31.38; markets, bazaar, meals, etc $292- 
total, $824.78. Expenditures: India and China Share Plans, $200; par- 
sonage fund, $100; college endowment, $100; General Mission Board, $25; 
Christmas offering for Mission Board, §25; Greene County School, 
§82; Sunfield church, Mich., §10; local charity, $28.22; District dues, $1; 
flowers for sick, $9.50; general expenses, §153.81; total, $734.53; on hand 
$90.25. President. Sister Susie Shivcly; Vice-President. Sister Sadie 
Bolinger; Superintendent, Sister Susan Cripe; Secretary, the writer; 
Treasurer, Sister Miriam Ulrey.— Mrs. G. E. Wright. North Man- 
chester, Ind. 

NEWBERG, ORE.— Number of meetings held, 33; average attend- 
ance, 3. We made 8 quilts, tied 5 comforters, made 10 prayer-cover- 
ings and did other work. Dues paid, $9.30; donations made, $4; receipts. 
$41.58; paid out §20 on pavement; $10 Virginia School; §5 Helping 
Hand Fund; other expenses, $2.45; balance. $4.13. Sister Van Dyke, 
President; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Eliza J. Moore, New- 
berg, Ore. 

OKANOGAN VALLEY, WASH.— Number of members enrolled. 18; 
meetings held. 11; average attendance, 9. Total receipts, $163.32; paid 
for material, $53.22; amount given in donations, $160.82. Mrs. Mary 
Shatto, president; the writer, secretary.— Mrs. Ester Ellis, Oroville, 

PLEASANT VIEW, MD.-Activc members enrolled, 12; honorary, 
31; wc held 7 half-day meetings with an average attendance of 5. 
Wc did quilting and sewing. We received for sewing, fees, dona- 
tions, etc.. $141.07; Christmas sale, $44.70; total, $184.77. Wc paid out 
for material and other expenses, $34.43; Greene County School, $65 
and clothing valued at $30; District Secretary, §1; Near East Relief. 
$10, and clothing valued at §50; Emergency Fund, $35; balance, §40.35. 
We solicited the Aid and gave our pastor and wife a surprise and a 
purse of $221. Officers: President, Sister Ruth Ausherman; Treasurer, 
Sister Elsie Lewis; the writer, Secretary.— Mary G. Bowlus, Burkitts- 
ville, Md. • 

RED BANK, PA.— Number of all-day meetings held, 29; number 
enrolled, 24; average attendance, 16. Carried over, $24.78; total receipts, 
$1,117.29; invoice of stock on hand, $175; expenses for material, $672.94; 
paid to the building fund, $350; other donations, $24; balance §75- 
accounts receivable, $50. Mrs. D. F. Warner, President; the writer, 
Secretary-Treasurer.— Mrs. E. Z. Shumaker, New Bethlehem, Pa. 

SALAMONIE, IND.— We held 11 meetings with an average at- 
tendance of 7. We knotted 4 comforts, quilted 2 quilts and made 
about 100 garments. We gave 2 sale dinners and furnished several 
meals. We sent §34 to Greene County School; $5 to Manchester 
College endowment; $10 to General Mission Board; 2 comforters 
and 31 garments to Marion Mission, Ind.; 3 comforters to German 
sufferers; 44 garments to Mexico Home; 29 garments to Hastings 
Street Mission, Chicago. Carried over $61.61; receipts $66.37; ex- 
penditures $96. 89; balance $31.09. President Clara Hartsough; Vice- 
President Clara Zook; Secretary-Treasurer the writer; Superin- 
tendent Sarah Goodmiller.— Amy Hcaston, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 31. 

WASHINGTON, KANS.— Enrollment, 25. We held 25 meetings; 
average attendance, 8. Our work consisted of quilting, plain sewing' 
carding wool, selling extracts. Carried over. §61.93; we gave $5 to - 
Council Bluffs Orphanage; $15 to our evangelist; $3.50 for flowers- 
Si to District Secretary; $17.30 for dishes for church; $13.62 for 
communion set; $5.16 for extract; expenses, $63.8S; on hand, $9.70. 
Sister Mae Gauby, President; Mrs. Alice Bell, Vice-President; the 
writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Mrs. Minnie Bell, Washington, Kans. 

WEST GOSHEN, IND.-We held 38 all-day meetings, enrollment, 
25; average attendance. 16; visits made to the sick, 639. Wc made 185 
prayer-coverings, knotted 10 comforters and quilted 18 quilts, besides 
donating sewing and clothing in our local community. We gave 
secondhand clothing to Hastings Street Mission, Chicago, §101 75- 
clothing and bedding to German relief, §88.42; 2 comforts and 5 
dresses to Mexico Orphanage, §17.12; Bethany Hospital, §30; Emer- 
gency Fund, §15; Greene County School, $40; District Conference $5- 
2,500 quilt pieces to India; total amount of home and foreign mis- 
sion work, $327.26, served dinner at 5 sales, $196.95; total receipts, 
$477.73; paid out, $417.26; on hand, $253.45. Officers: President, Sister 
Nancy Priser; Vice-President, Sister Catherine Baker; Superintendent. 
Sister Sarah Cripe; Secretary-Treasurer, Dora Scrogum, Goshen, Ind. 

YAKIMA, WASH.— Number enrolled 15; average attendance 11. 
We held 1 all-day and 11 half-day meetings. Our work consisted 
of sewing for sick and needy. Wc cleaned house for our elder's 
wife who has been sick for four years. We held 2 food sales and 
one dinner and food sale combined. Carried over $34.35; expenses 
$27.02; gave to Virginia School $10; to sick sister $10; to a brother 
$2$; song books. $10; balance $43.47. Officers: President the writer; 
Vice-President Sister Cara Nead; Superintendent and Treasurer 
Sister Lucy Ardinger; Secretary Sister Luvina Holdren.— Katie Bald- 
win. Yakima, Wash., Dec. 29. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Req 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

mple. Request should 

Bowman- Burr.— By the undersigned, at the Manchester Church of 
the Brethren, Christmas morning, 1924, Joseph L. Bowman, of Ripon. 
Wis., and Elva Burr of this city.— R. H. Miller, North Manchester. 

Echols -Andes .—By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 17, 1924. Dr. Floyd Echols, of Marion, Va.. and Sister 
Mary Andes, of Fort Defiance, Va.— D- L. Andes, Fort Defiance, Va. 

Ettinger-Wadel.— By the undersigned, at his home Dec. 26, 1924, 
Bro. Amos N. Ettingcr and Miss Alice M. Wadel. both of Mt. Pleasant. 
Mich.— Chas. A. Spencer, Shepherd, Mich. 

Lint-Christncr.— By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 20, 1924, 
Joseph J. Lint and Sadie Lucille Christner, both of Sand Patch, Pa.— 
J. W. Wegley, Somerset, Pa. 

Q uesin berry -Krai me r. — By the undersigned, at his residence, Jan. 1, 
1925, Mr. Earl Eby Quesinberry and Miss Estelle Lenora Kracmer, 
both of Lankcrshim, Calif.— J. Z. Gilbert, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Roller-Wolford.— At the home of the bride, Dec. 24, 1924, by her 
father, Bro. Wm. E. Wolford, Bro. Paul I. Roller, of New Market, 
Va., and Sister Miriam Wolford, of Ligonier. Pa.— Mrs. Wilson Leonard, 
Ligonier. Pa. 

Saylor -Knepper.— By the undersigned, at the Scalp Level Church of 
the Brethren, Nov. 22, 1924, Mr. Earl B. Saylor and Miss Leora E. 
Knepper, both of Berlin, Pa.— L. S. Knepper, Windber, Paj. 

Stieely-WicMine.— By the undersigned, at his home Jan. 1, 1925, G. 
W. Sheely and Alice Wickline, both of Wenatchec, Wash.— Ira J. 
Lapp, Wenatchec, Wash. 


Bowman. Mary Jean, the baby girl of Brother and Sister Charles 
Bowman of Annapolis Junction, Md., was born March 26, 1922, and 
died Nov. 12, 1924. Two negro men were unloading baled hay, and 
while little Mary Jean, unobserved by the men, was playing around 
the wagon a bale fell on her crushing her skull. She was rushed 
to the Emergency Hospital in Washington, but died the same day. 
Burial at Jonesboro, Tenn. — Jacob H. Hollinger, Washington, D. C. 

Castle, Sister Prudence J., nee Parmer, died Jan. 1, 1925, at the 
home of her son, Harvey C. Davis, near Boonsboro, Md., after an 
illness of one week, of bronchial pneumonia, aged 76 years and 11 
months. She was twice married. She united with the Church of the 
Brethren Oct. 23. 1870. and remained a faithful Christian until the 
end. She is survived by one son, one sister, one brother and several 
grandchildren. Services at the Manor church by Bro. McKinley Coff- 
man, assisted by Rev. Roy S. Zeigler. Interment in Manor cemetery. — 
Naomi H. Coffman, Fairplay, Md. 

Dettra, Mrs. Annie, was born Dec. 22, 1845. died in the Phoenixvillc 
Hospital on Sept. 25. 1924, at the age of 79. She had been ailing since 
the beginning of May, having suffered a stroke which paralyzed her 
and rendered her helpless. She was a faithful member of the Green 
Tree church and was very patient during her prolonged illness. She 
was buried in the Green Tree cemetery. Three sons survive her. 
Services by Bro. H. S. Replogle. who was her pastor for the last 
few years of her life. — Kathryn M. Yerger, Mont Clare, Pa. 

Garst, Ralph Monroe, son of Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Garst, died at 
the Roanoke City hospital Dec. 7, 1924, aged 5 years and 12 days. 
Death was due to complications following an operation for appendi- 
citis. His intense suffering was endured with much patience. He 
leaves father, mother and one brother. Services at the home by 
Bro. Geo. W. Flory. Interment at Fairview cemetery.— Gertrude 
Flora, Sago, Va. 

Grove, Sister Elizabeth A., daughter of Daniel Wine and Sarah 
Miller, was born near Waynesboro, Va., died Oct. 8, 1924, aged 46 
years, 8 months and 4 days. Feb. 21. 1867, she married Abraham J. 
Grove, who died Aug. 7, 1919. There were five children; one daughter 
died July 8, 1911. Mrs. Grove has made her home since the death 
of her husband with her daughter, Mrs. Brower. She was of a kind 
and loving disposition. Wherever she lived she had many warm 
friends and neighbors. She united with the Church of the Brethren 
in her early married life. Besides her family she leaves one brother, 
six half-brothers, three half-sisters and eight grandchildren. Services 
at the Barren Ridge church by Chas. Long, assisted by N. W. Coff- 
man. Interment in adjoining cemetery.— Ruth V. Driver, Staunton, 
Va. "" 

Guyer, John S., born near Woodbury, Pa., died at his home near 
New Enterprise, Pa.. Dec. 6, 1924, aged 82 years, 5 months and 7 
days. He was a son of Jacob and Fannie Smith Guyer. He married 
Miss Betty Stayer in 1867; she died in 1887. To this union were born 
six children, one son preceding him. He is survived by three daugh- 
ters, two sons, twenty-one grandchildren and sixteen great-grand- 
children. He was married to Miss Jane Stayer in September, 1889; 
she also survives. Bro. Guyer united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren early in life and has been an active and devoted Christian. He 
was liberal in the support o( the various church activities, interested 
in the work of the church and a regular attendant at services as 
long as health permitted. He will be greatly missed in the com- 
munity and in the Koontz church, of which he was a faithful mem- 
ber. Services at the Koontz church by the writer, assisted by Breth- 
ren A. E. Edwards and Tobias Henry. Interment in the cemetery by 
the church.— D. T. Detwiler. New Enterprise, Pa. 

Hershberger, Sister Lucina, born Feb. 4, 1873. died in the Sellers- 
ville hospital. Pa., Oct. 3, 1924, where she had gone just four days 
previous for an operation. She was a great sufferer (or the last three 
years but bore it all patiently. She was always much concerned 
along all lines of church work. She united with the church when 
quite young and was always a loyal and faithful worker. She leaves 
her aged mother, six sisters and one brother. Services at the Quaker- 
town church by Brethren R. H. Brumbaugh and H. H. Moyer. In- 
terment in the Springfield cemetery.— Mrs. S. S. Lint, Quakertown, Pa. 

Hively, Lavina. daughter of Solomon and Marian Kemp, born near 
Peru, Ind., died at her home in the bounds of the Pine Creek church, 
Dec. 16, 1924. aged 64 years, 10 months and 13 days. Aug. 17, 1881, 
she married Samuel Hively. There were five sons and four daughters; 
two sons and one daughter, preceded her. She leaves her husband, 
three son-s and three daughters. She had been a sufferer for many 
years with a nervous breakdown; she bore all of her suffering pa- 
tiently to the end. Services in the Pine Creek church by Elders J. 
0. Kesler and John Stump. Interment in the Fair cemetery.— M. S. 
Morris, North Liberty, Ind. 

Hostettler, Buhl, died at his home in Milford Township Sept. 3. 
1924, of heart trouble, aged 57 years, 11 months and 11 days. He 
is survived by his wife, two sons and a daughter. Services by Bro 
W. J. Hamilton, assisted by W. K. Kulp. Interment in Middle Creek 
cemetery near by.— Mrs. Emma J. Hostettler, Rockwood, Pa. 

Kiefifaber, Rebecca Hochstetler, daughter of Moses and Barbara 
Kreiger Hochstetler, was born April 15, 1848, near New Bedford, Ohio, 
and died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. O. H. Long, Sept. 18, 
1924, aged 76 years, 5 months and 3 days. At the age of four she" 
came with her parents to Indiana, settling in Jefferson Township 
near Coal City. This was her home till her marriage to Adam Kief- 
faber, who preceded her in death Nov. 24, 1894. In May, 1873, she 
united with the Church of the Brethren, of which her own father 
had long been a minister. Sister Kieffaber proved faithful until 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 


death. Surviving are four children, one aon, G. W. Kieffaber, a 
minister, of Canton, Ohio; thirteen grandchildren and three great- 
grandchildren. Services by N. V. Lcathermau, assisted by the writer. 
_B. F. Goshorn, Clay City, Ind. 

Morris, Jonathan, was born Oct. 20. 1836, died on Dec. 20, 1924, at 
ihc home of his daughter, Mrs. Walter Jardinc, of Phoenixville, at 
the age of S3 years. He was a veteran of the Civil War, having 
served four years in Union Army. He was baptised into the Green 
Tree church on May IS, 1915. Services by Bro. H. S. Rcploglc, pastor 
of the above church. Interment in Morris cemetery.— Kathryn M. 
Verger, Mont Clare, Pa. 

Otto, Sister Alice B., widow of the late Eld. John Otto, and daugh- 
ter of Jacob F. and Anna Martin Milter, born near Sharpsburg, Md., 
and died at her home in that town Nov. 27, 1924, aged 75 years, 2 
months and 10 days. She had been an invalid for thirty years but 
had been confined to her bed for only seven days. Feb. 14, 1874, she 
accepted Christ as her Savior and lived a model Christian life. She 
trusted faithfully in her Savior and found great comfort in him dur- 
ing her years of suffering. She was always patient and submissive to 
his will, imploring his grace and guidance to help her bear her af- 
fliction. She was an inspiration to all who came in contact with her, 
and often proved a comforter and a help to those around her, in- 
stead of seeming to need comforting herself. Jan. 1, 1839, she mar- 
ried John E. Otto, who preceded her eight years ago. To this union 
was born one daughter who survives with a sister. Services at hei 
home by Bro. Harvey Martin, assisted by Bro. Rowland Reichard. 
Interment in Mountain View cemetery, Sharpsburg.— Naomi H. Coff- 
man, Fairplay, Md, 

Prcssel, Sister Katie, widow of Rolandus Prcssel, died at her home 
in York, Pa., Sept. 29, 1924. after an illness of ten days, aged 60 years. 
Five children, one adopted daughter and five grandchildren survive. 
She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for more than 
twenty years. Services in the Fairview church by Bro. Daniel 
Bowser and Bro. J. L. Myers. Interment in Fairview cemetery.— 
Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Reese, Bro. Wm, R., died Sept. 15, 1924, aged 33 years, 8 months 
and 2 days. He was a son of Mr. and Mrs. Josiah Reese. He is sur- 
vived by his parents, one daughter and a brother. His wife preceded 
him five months ago. He died in Kerrville, Texas, where he had 
gone several weeks previous in hopes of regaining his health. He 
united with the Middle Creek congregation at the age of eleven 
years. Sr-vices in the Middle Creek church by the pastor, Bro. Kulp. 
Interment in the cemetery near by.— Mrs. W. J. Hamilton. Rockwood, 

Rinehart, Sister Loucinda, died at her home in Union Bridge, Md., 
Dec. 20, 1924, aged 86 years and 10 months. Death was due to the 
wasting infirmities of age. She was the eldest of the seven children 
horn to David and Louisa Royer Englar and the last of that family 
to pass away. In 1861 she was married to Israel C. Rinehart, to 
whicli union were born four sons and two daughters; two sons pre- 
ceded her. To her own children she was a most devoted mother, and 
that same motherly spirit in a broader sense was extended to all who 
knew her. She was a faithful and whole-hearted member of the 
Church of the Brethren for more than half a century. Not only 
will her own immediate relatives mourn her loss but all who knew 
her and especially the Pipe Creek congregation will miss her saintly 
fellowship. Services at the home by the elders of the congregation. 
Interment at the Pipe Creek cemetery.— Jno. J. John, New Windsor, 

Rodabaugh, Daniel E., son of Daniel and Mary Rodabaugh, born 
near Dayton, Ohio, Aug. 17, 1839, died Dec. 13, 1924. He came with 
his parents to Iowa in 1872, finally locating in Jefferson County, where 
he has since resided. He was married to Elizabeth Glotfclty Oct. 22, 
1868. There were six children, Jwo preceding him. He united with 
the Brethren Church in 1875 and was elected to the deacon's office 
in 1878. He lived a faithful. Christian life to the end.— Nellie Ogdcn, 
Batavia, Iowa. 

Shelly, Bro. Isaac O., died Dec. 26, 1924, of heart failure, at the 
home of his daughter, in Palmyra, Pa., aged 85 years, 1 month and 
9 days. He was a son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Obcr) Shelly and the 
larger part of his life lived in the Concwago Valley, Dauphin Co., 
Pa. He leaves a widow, who was Susanna Gibble, before marriage, 
three sons and one daughter, five grandchildren and three great- 
giandchildren. He united with the church in 1889. Funeral services 
were held in the Church of the Brethren, Palmyra, Pa., by Eider John 
C. Zug and Bro. E. S. Carper. Interment in the Spring Creek 
cemetery.— Sarah G. Shelly, Palmyra, Pa. 

Shultz, Sister Minnie, daughter of Brother Frank and Sister Amanda 
Evans, was born in Lancaster Co., Pa., and died at Akron, Ohio, 
Oct. 27, 1924, aged 46 years, 3 months and 17 days. She was united 
in marriage with Bro. Samuel Shultz, Sept. 21, 1899, and was the 
mother of ten children, eight of whom have preceded their mother. 
Those surviving are her husband, a son and a daughter, her mother, 
a sister and three grandchildren. She became a member of the Church 
of the Brethren at the age of twelve and continued in this relationship 
until summoned to the spirit world. Funeral services in the Akron 
Church of the Brethren by the writer, and also in the Church of 
the Brethren at Lancaster. Pa., by Eld. H. B. Yoder, assisted by 
Bro. Amos Hottenstein. Interment also at the latter place.— A. H 
Miller, Akron. Ohio. 

Studebaker, Isaac F., son of Samuel and Nancy Studebaker, bom 
in Miami County, Ohio, died of heart trouble Dec. 24, 1924, aged 
67 years, 11 months and 26 days. He united with the Church of 
the Brethren twenty years ago. March 7, 1878, he married Mary E. 
Snell. There were ten children, the wife and one son preceding 
him. Nov. 4, 1911, he married Ella J. Neher. To this union wire 
horn seven children. He leaves his wife, sixteen children, thirty 
grandchildren, four brothers and five sisters. Services at the 
Church of the Brethren, New Carlisle, Ohio by Eld. J. W. Fidler 
assisted by the writer.— J. B. Gump, New Carlisle, Ohio. 

Suter, Margaret Alice, born Aug. 14, 1924, at the home of Chalmer 
Barley, at Bemidji, Minn., died Dec. 28, 1924. She leaves father, 
mother, sister and brother. Services at the home by Bro. F. K. 
Allen. Interment in the cemetery at Guthrie.— Mrs. F. K. Allen, 
Guthrie. Minn. 

Tee], Sister Hetty V., nee Crouse, died Dec. 8, 1924, at the home of 
her son, Homer Tec), of Dunedin, W. Va., aged 77 years. 10 months 
and IS days. She was married to Chester Teel in January, 1868. 
There were nine children. She is survived by her husband, five 
daughters and three sons, also a number of grandchildren and great- 
grandchildren. _She had been a merrrbcr of the Chestnut Grove 
Church of the Brethren for forty years. Services in the Pleasant 
View church by Rev. Freeman Ankrum, assisted hy Eld. Elbert 
Clower. Interment in the near-by cemetery.— Mrs. F. F. Jones, Fay- 
ettevillc, W. Va. 

Turley, Geo. -W.. born in Green County, Ind., March 25, 1849, died 
at his dauhter's home in Flora, Ind.. Nov. 27, 1924. He married 
Catharine Cripe-in 1872. Four sons and one daughter survive. He had 
hecn a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren since 1902. 
Services at the church I in Flora bj A. P. Musselman. Interment 
at Young America cemetery.— Mattie Welty. Flora, Ind. 

Wagner, Harriet, born near Bigler, Pa., died at the home of her 
son in Topeka, Nov. 28. 1924, aged 88 years, 3 months and 13 days. 
She married David F. Wagner Aug. 20, 1856. There were six 
children, two of whom survive with one brother, one sister, one grand- 
daughter, two grandsons and five great-grandchildren. The family 
located m Mcriden in the spring of 1880. Here, after the death of 
her husband two years later, she lived and maintained her home to 
tbe time of her death. She and her husband united with the German 
Baptist Brethren, otherwise known as the Dunkard Brethren, more 
than sixty-eight years ago, with which church she maintained her 
membership to the date of her death. Services at Meriden, Kans.. 
by the writer— H. L. Brammell, Ozawkie. Kans. 

Weaver, Roland Maurice, died Jan. 2, 1925, aged 22 years, 10 months 
and 11 days. He was a member of the Church of the Brethren for 
about eight years. He is survived by his wife, one daughter, mother 
and two brothers. Services at the Berkey church by Eld. F. R. 
£ook. Interment in church cemetery.-Mrs. O. F. Fyock, Windber, 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 61) 

Sidney church met in annual council Dec. 19. Eld. C. F. McKee 
had charge of the service during the choosing of deacons and the 
installation. Officers were also elected for the year as follows: 
Bro. Leslie Hclman, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Viola Al- 
baugh, "Messenger" agent; the writer, clerk and correspondent. 
A new member was chosen on each of the committees— missionary, 
finance, board of trustees and Sunday-school board. Brethren Leslie 
Hclman, Clem Ullery and Marion Davis were chosen as deacons 
and they with their wives were installed into office. Two letters 
were granted. Bro. S. Z. Smith and wife, who had charge of the 
work here for so many years, were granted a letter and will take 
up the* work at Springfield in the near future. Six members were 
received by letter and seventeen by conversion during the year. 
Our pastor, Bro. A. H. Weimer, has been giving us some splendid 
discourses on the Genuine Christian Life which are most interest- 
ing and instructive. We held our communion service on Thanks- 
giving evening.— Bessie S. Snyder, Sidney, Ohio, Jan. S. 

Trotwood church met in business session Dec. 31 with Eld. D. M. 
Garver presiding. One letter was received and one granted. Bro. 
Frank Eby was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Jan. 4 the 
Sunday-school reorganized and Bro. G. A. Snider, of North Manches- 
ter, Ind., conducted the installation services. He also preached for 
us Sunday evening. The spirit of the recent revival is still at work 
and one more was received by baptism Jan. 4. Our Sunday-school 
and church have grown in interest and numbers during the past 
year, and we look forward to still greater growth in the year 1925.— 
Anna M. Coffman, Trotwood, Ohio. Jan. 5. 


Big Creek church met in council Dec. 30 with Eld, W. R. Arga- 
bright in charge. Officers were elected: correspondent, Sister Nellie 
Holsingcr; "Messenger" agent Andrew Holderread; Sunday-school 
superintendent Bro. Ira Mohlcr; Christian Workers' president Chas. 
Pote. We decided to discontinue our prayer meeting until spring. 
Dec. 28 our Sunday-school gave a Christmas program to a large 
audience.— Oma Holderread, Cushing, Okla., Jan. 5. 


A 1 toon*.— First church looks with much pleasure upon results 
realized during the year of 1924. Much good work has been done 
and we trust many souls have been helped through its efforts. 
A splendid series of meetings held during November by Bro, M. J. 
Brougher of Greensburg, Pa., has been noted as one of the best 
we ever had. His deep truths were strongly presented and every 
message was filled with power. There were eight applications for 
baptism. Bro. Broughcr's meetings will long be remembered by all 
who heard him. A new organization in the church is that of the 
Women's Missionary Society organized about a month ago. We 
trust this will be helpful to all and may create a stronger mission- 
ary spirit and desire to help in a greater way in the Lord's work. 
The Men's League has been holding some helpful meetings during 
the year and helping in the way of rendering special music for us. 
'! He Provident Society, an organization of the church composed of 
members of our own denomination, is a beneficial society which has 
rendered much financial assistance during the year to the sick 
and afflicted. We are thankful (or the organization and trust that 
more of our people may take advantage of it. Our autumn love 
feast was the largest attended in the history of our church. Our 
church has also grown in number during the year. Forty-one souls 
have been received into the church by baptism due to the splendid 
efforts of our pastor and wife, Brother and Sister Long, The dif- 
ferent departments of the church have also grown. The Sunday- 
school had a larger attendance during 1924 than in the past years, 
the primary and junior departments having an enrollment o( one 
hundred twenty-four. The young people's organization has been 
working faithfully during the year, rendering helpful programs and 
helping in various ways in the Lord's work. For all this, we 
look up and thank God, taking courage and looking forward into 
the new year with a desire to continue working for him and pray- 
ing that this spirit may so direct in the work of the church that 
he may be pleased with our efforts.— Mrs. Sulia H. Eycr, Altoona, 
Pa., Jan. 6. 

Beachdaie church met in business session Dec. 27 with Bro. D. K. 
Clapper in charge. Officers were elected for the year. Three dea- 
cons were also chosen and installed, namely, Bro. J. H. Hentz, 
Russel Brant and Jos. Long, The finance committee and treasurer 
made a report which was very good. Bro. Clapper also had a good 
report of the year. There were three additions and two deaths. 
The ministerial committees of Beachdale and Garrett decided to 
keep Bro. Clapper for another year. The Sunday-school is in good 
working order and reelected Bro. J H. Hentz superintendent. The 
Teacher- training Classes meet every Wednesday night. Bro. Clap- 
per is the teacher.— Maurice S. Brant, Berlin, Pa„ Jan. 4. 

Hanover.— We held a Bible Institute Dec. 13 and 14 conducted by 
Brethren H. H. _Nyc and I. S. Hoffer of Elizabethtown College. 
Bro. Nye spoke on the Prayer Lile, the Resurrection, the Judg- 
ment and the Glorified Life. Bro. Holler spoke on the various 
phases of sanctification. Their discussions were uplifting to all 
who heard them. We met in council Dec, 30 with Eld. Chas. L. 
Baker presiding. Elders Grant Group and Edw. Miller were also 
with us. Officers were elected and various committees reorganized 
for the ensuing year. Bro. Jacob I. Baugher, of Elizabethtown Col- 
lege, will begin a two weeks' series of meetings Aug. IS. We will 
hold a Vacation Bible School the latter part of June with Sister 
Vera Hackman, of Elizabethtown College, instructor. Bro. Chas. 
Huflf was reelected Sunday-school buperintendent; Bro. Jacob E. 
Myers, president of the Christian Workers' Meeting; the writer, cor- 
respondent. Two letters were received.— Mary A. Rhinehart, Han- 
over, Pa., Jan. 4. 

Manor congregation met in council Jan, 3 with Eld. W. N. Myers 
in charge. We elected officers for another year: Elder in charge, 
W. N. Myers; clerk and "Messenger" correspondent, Mark G. Fy- 
ock. One was reclaimed. The churct decided to retain our present 
pastor, Bro. C. H. Wakeman, for another year. Bro. W. N. Myers 
and Bro. C. H. Wakeman were chosen to represent us at District 
Meeting.— Mark G. Fyock, Clymer, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Philadelphia (First Church).— Our White Gift service Dec. 21 was 
well attended. The Sunday-school classes responded with Christmas 
briskets, toys for the hospital and mency amounting to about $300, 
We had distributed Thanksgiving envelopes which resulted in $719.63, 
making about $1,000 for benevolences. The cantata, " From Heaven's 
Throne," was well rendered by the Sunday-school Dec. 23, and was 
much appreciated. Our pastor and wife will give the second illustrated 
Ifcture on their trip abroad, Friday evening, Jan. 23. We are observ- 
ing the Week of Prayer as usual, Jan. 5-9.-Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell, 
Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Quakertown church met in council Dec. 20 with Eld. R. H. Brum- 
baugh presiding. All officers for church and Sunday-school were 
elected with but lew changes. Eld. N. H. Blough, of Davidsville, 
Pa., preached for us one week preceding our love feast which was 
held Dec. 14. Bro. Blough gave us a series of doctrinal sermons 
which were indeed Spirit-filled and instructive. Our love feast was 
very spiritual— a real feast for the soul. Sister Winnie Fretz was 
superintendent of our Vacation Bible School held in August with 
good attendance. The offerings the children brought will be used 
for missions. Dec. 28 the intermediate and primary department of 
our Sunday-school rendered a well prepared program after which 
Bro. Nyce from Reading, Pa., gave a splendid talk, and an offering 
was lifted for missions. As our church is without a resident minis- 
ter, Bro. H. H. Moyer, of Reading, has been very faithfully and 
efficiently serving us. We are hopelully awaiting the time when he 
may locate in Quakertown and be a greater help to the work here.— 
Mrs. S. S. Lint, Quakertown, Pa., Jan. 7. 

Rockwood congregation elected its officers for the church and 
Sunday-school to take charge Oct. 1. L. S. Knepper was re- 

elected elder for another year. W. K. Kulp, our pastor, who has been 
with us for three years, has been chosen for three more years. 
M. F. Heder was elected superintendent of the Sunday- school . Our 
elder held a revival for us beginning Oct. 20 and continuing two 
weeks. The meeting was well attended and the sermons were 
strong and impressive. Sixteen were received by baptism and two 
by letter. The meeting closed with the love feast which was well 
attended. Every year the five churches of Rockwood hold a union 
Thanksgiving service. This year it was held in the United Breth- 
ren church and our pastor preached the sermon. The offering lifted 
was sent to the Children's Aid Society of Somerset County. Our 
Christmas program was interesting and well rendered, the young 
people and children of the Sunday-school giving the greater part 
of it. The music was furnished by the choir and a male chorus di- 
rected hy our pastor, The offering lifted was sent to the Old 
Folks' Home at Windber.— R. A. Gorsuch, Rockwood, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Smithfield.— Nov. 30 our evangelistic campaign closed with com- 
munion, Bro. A. C. Miller, of Roaring Spring, I 'a., evangelist, 
preached the Word of God with power and delivered twenty im- 
pressive sermons. Eight confessed Christ and seven were baptized. 
The interest manifested by the people of the community waa es- 
pecially helpful and encouraging. Dec. 20 we met in business eoa- 
sion. Bro. I. B. Kcnslnger will continue serving as pastor daring 
the year. C. D. Baker was elected church clerk; Bertha Longe- 
necker corresponding secretary and "Messenger" agent; Fred 
Hoover Sunday-school superintendent. Our Christmas program was 
a decided success. A dramatization of the first Christmas was 
given. A Teacher-training course has been finished by five mem- 
bers of our school and they, with several others, expect to take 
a seal course— Bertha Longenccker, Williamsburg, Pa„ Jan. S, 

Windber.— Nov, 21 we held our election for church and Sunday- 
school officers for 1925, with the following results: Elder, Bro. M. 
Clyde Horst; clerk, Bro. Robert Yarnell; "Messenger" agent, Bro. 
A. K. Stoncr; correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school superintendent, 
Bro, L, C. Penrod, Dec. 21 we held our Christmas services, White 
Gifts (or the King. The beginners and primaries gave gifts of sub- 
stance, which were distributed to the needy. Four from the junior 
department gave themselves and accepted Christ as their personal 
Savior. From the juniors and up, including the adult classes, all gave 
money which amounted to $200 to be used for missions, Dec. 36 our 
pal tor had special consecration services for the church and Sunday- 
school officers, which were very helpful and instructive. Jan. 2 we 
held our regular council, at which time we heard all financial reports 
and accepted a budget of $6,200 for 1925. Bro, B. F. Hechler waa 
elected to the deacon's office-Mrs. H. A. Berkebile, Windber, Pa„ 
Jan. 7. 


Knob Creek.— The Ministerial Meeting which was held here Nov. 
29 was well attended. Several topics were discussed hy the Breth- 
ren and everyone seemed to enjoy them. Bro. O. W. Miller, of 
Broadway, Va., began a series of meetings Nov. 30 which continued 
two weeks. Nine were received into the church by baptism and 
one awaits the rite; one was reclaimed. Bro. Miller preached the 
Word with power and his messam's were helpful and uplifting. 
He visited in a number of homes. We certainly appreciated having 
Bro. Miller with us. The young folks gave a Christmas program 
Dec, 21. Our Sunday -school was reorganized Dec. 28 with Bro. 
W. H. Swadley, superintendent.— Mrs, Pearl Slagle Thomas, Johnson 
City, Tcnn., Jan. S. 

New Hope church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. J. B. Hilbert 
presiding. Bro. A. M. 'Laughrun was elected elder for the year; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. C. Morrcll; Bro. Lovegrove, "Mes- 
senger" agent; the writer, correspondent. The following Sunday 
Bro, Laughrun preached for us; also on the fourth Sunday on the 
subject of missions,— Mrs. Mary K. Clark, Jonesboro, Tcnn., Jan. 7. 


Roanoke.— -The first Sunday in the new year the Central Church of 
the Brethren held their first Sunday-school and preaching service 
in the splendid new Sunday-school auditorium of their church. Our 
people were wonderfully encouraged by the large attendance. Over 
two hundred enrolled in the Sunday-school. The Sunday-school 
auditorium was filled for the special service for receiving Bro, George 
W. Flory as pastor. Our elder, E. C. Crumpacker, was in charge 
of the service, and in response to his splendid address, the pastor 
outlined a heavy program for the coming year, and reviewed the 
splendid work of the congregation since its organization, less than 
one year ago. From the many expressions of those who were pres- 
ent, this was one of the most enthusiastic meetings they ever at- 
tended. Upon the completion of the auditorium, which will be in 
about sixty days, the Central Church of the Brethren, as it has 
been said by many who have seen it, will be the finest and most 
modern equipped church of its size in the city. — R. A. Poff, Roanoke, 
Va., Jan. 7. 

Topeco church met in council Jan, 3 with Eld. A. N. Hylton pre- 
siding. Officers were elected (or the year with Sister Maggie Hylton 
clerk; Sister Alice Harman "Messenger" agent; Bro. John W. 
Wcddle, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer correspondent. 
A committee was appointed to do some work on church grounds, 
build a wood house, repair fence, etc. Eight letters were granted. 
On Sunday following we met at the usual time for Sunday-school, 
after which Eld. A. N. Hylton gave a splendid address in which 
he very vividly pictured the open door, the door to opportunity 
and the closed door.— Almeda E. Alderman, Floyd, Va., Jan. 8. 


Seattle church met in council Dec. 26 with the pastor, M. A. 
Long, presiding. The annual election of church officers was held, 
and our present pastor retained for another year. One letter re- 
ceived and one granted, and other business of a local character 
transacted. On the evening of Dec. 17 Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson gave 
a very interesting and instructive illustrated talk on mission work in 
India. This was enjoyed by all and an offering for missions taken 
at the close of the service. Brother and Sister Long were given 
a surprise on Christmas eve by the members walking in unan- 
nounced and presenting them with a purse of $70 which presentation 
was accompanied by a short talk made by Bro. F. F. Dull, ex- 
pressing our appreciation of the faithful work and service rendered 
this church by Brother and Sister Long in the past. Our Christmas 
program was well attended and much enjoyed, and closed with a 
White Gift service in which all the departments took part, bring- 
ing gifts of a substantial nature which were distributed among poor 
families on Christmas eve and Christmas morning. Sister Wilma 
Long was chosen as " Messenger " agent and correspondent at this 
place for the coming year.— Alice Wimcr, Seattle, Wash., Jan. 2. 

Wenatchee.— Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 18. There 
will he two sessions of one hour each, beginning at 7 o'clock each 
evening, continuing for two weeks. The first session will consist 
of Bible study to be conducted by Bro. C. N. Stutsman, of Manson, 
Wash. The hour following will be a revival service by Bro. J. O. 
Streeter, of Chewelah, Wash.— A. J. Baughman, Wenatchee, Wash., 
Jan. 7. 


Bluefield church met in council Dec, 21, with Eld. Walter M. Kahle 
in charge. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the year 
ai follows; Mrs. S. A. Kahle. clerk; Warren Jackson, "Messenger" 
agent- the writer, correspondent; S. A. Kahle. Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Sunday morning and evening Bro. Kahle preached for as. 
These soul-stirring sermons were much appreciated by all.— Mrs. C. E. 
Boone, Bluefield, W. Va„ Jan. 8. 

Mt. Union— The church in Morgantown has been moving along 
very nice'y the past year. The Sunday-school rendered a Christ- 
mas program of song and recitations on Dec. 21. On Dec 36. 
the church met in regular council. The officers for the naw year 
were elected. A finance board of five members was formed which 
will have charge of planning the financial side of our work. We 
decided to have a revival meeting beginning two weeks before 
Easter Bro. M. R. Wolfe, the pastor, will have charge of the meet- 
ings-Mrs. M. R. Wolfe, Morgantown. W. Va., Jan. 6. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 24, 1925 







First Ventures From Home 

A Schoolmaster 

Early Marriage 

Life in Polo 

His Mother 

The Move 

First Trip Abroad 


First Book 

Editorial Work 

" Religious Activities in the Eighties ' 
The New Home 
Second Trip Abroad 
The Return 

Third Trip Abroad 
Three Books 
" Girdling the Globe " 
Uniting the Church Interests 
Fifth Trip Abroad 
" Bible Land Talks " 
Another New Home 
" Don't Worry Club " 
Annual Conference Work 
More Travels 

" The Other Half of the Globe " 

Close of Active Work 
Last Days 
What They Said 


Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brethren : 
I wish to take advantage of your excellent 

offer made in the Gospel Messenger of fan 

24, 1925. 

Enclosed find $2.60 for which please 
(♦extend my time one year on the Gospel 


(*as a new subscriber enter my subscription 
for one year.) 

and send me a copy of " The Anniversary Edi- 
tion of the Life of D. L. Miller" postpaid to 
my address. 

I am enclosing 10c extra for which send me 
the 1925 Year Book. 



Street or R. F. D 



♦Mark out the line that does not suit your 


The Anniversary Edition has a photo en- 
graving frontispiece showing Brother Miller 
toward the close of his life. 

The type is large and clear. In fact, Elder 
J. H. Moore says, " The mechanical part of 
the book is faultless, the type admirably 
suited to the eye, and the reading as inter- 
esting as a romance. " 

The binding is cloth. The book contains 
340 large pages. 

You will find this a valuable addition to 
your library. 

Reasons Why 

Because Brother Miller was so well known among 
the churches. 

Because for many years he was editor-in-chief of 
the Gospel Messenger. 

Because of the prominent place he took in the edu- 
cational work of the church. 

Because of his interest in the mission work of the 

Because we thought it to be but just that this 
present Anniversary Edition of his life should be 
produced. And in order to secure the widest dis- 
tribution possible we kept the cost low and are offer- 
ing it as a premium with the Gospel Messenger. In 
the writing of this biography, Mrs. Bates, a niece of 
Brother Miller, had access to much private correspond- 
ence which helped greatly in the work of writing the 
book. It was to her a labor of love, for Uncle D. 
L. had a warm heart for the children. 


In an appreciation of Brother Miller, Elder J. H 
Moore, for many years office editor of the Gospel 
Messenger, says: "As a representative of the very 
best interests of the Brotherhood, Bro. D. L. Miller 
came on the scene at an opportune time. When Mt. 
Morris College— then just started— needed a business 
manager, he took up quarters in Old Sandstone, and 
then and there his real career in the Brotherhood as 
a man of influence began. He reached out and secured 
a firm hold on the 'Brethren at Work' interests 
When the Annual Meeting decided to enter upon, 
active mission work, he was placed on the first board 
and made secretary and treasurer of it." 

Elder Edward Frantz in a few paragraphs of ap- 
preciation says of him : " A long and very useful life— 
a life of unusual significance for the Church of the 
Brethren— thus comes to a beautiful and peaceful end. 
For he loved the church supremely." 

One more quotation, from Elder H. C. Early: 
" Here are the four leading enterprises of the church— 
the Publishing Business, Sunday-schools, Christian 
Education and Missions, these four. They were im 
the throes of birth in the church during the last 
thirty years of the nineteenth century; or in other 
words, the church was in the travail of getting back, 
to the teachings and practices of our own church: 
fathers, which had been lost largely as a result of the 
Revolutionary War, and she needed some one to 
deliver her. He did his biggest work in getting Con- 
ference behind these big measures." 

Special Offer! $4 v g H E $2.60 

Don't Ask for This Book Our Combination Offer 

unless you are sending your subscription to the The Gospel Messenger one year $2 00 

yo O u P o e nly M 6 e 0c e extra fOr "* *""' " ""' the " ^ Anniver5ar >' Edition of the Lif< = °f D- L Miller' 2^00 

1925 Year Book ■ Total $4.00' 

The Year Book (formerly Brethren Almanac) is B °' h f ° r ; 2 - fi 0' 

a very complete record of the year's work and Drop- n ■ * i j i • ■ 

ress of the church. It contains reports of the af i T ? r^ >' 0U J„ subscr, P tl0n t0 on< = ° £ 

tivities of the various Boards authorized by Confer- °Z '"^i T*t . " ""V" ° ut b ' a " k ™> «• P°S* 

ence. Price 10c with the Messenger E^Tlt ° "* BretHren PUb " Shing H ° USe " 


The Gospel Messenger 

" This Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

•' THY KINGDOM COME "— m.«. « : io : Luk, 11= : 

"Till we all attain unto ... the 
the fulncis of Christ."-Eph. 4: 13. 

Vol. 74 

Elgin, 111., January 31, 1925 

No. 5 

In This Number 

Concerning aJWhole Gospel 

One 1'oint on the- Journey, 

The Tried and True Ones 

About Doing anil Standing Things 

Among the Churches, 

Around the World 

The Quiet Hour (R. H. M.) 

Our Forward Movement- 
Provoking Unto Good Works, 

A Spiritual Tragedy 

Mission Notes (C, D. B.) .-... 

General Forum— 

The Divine Companion (Poem), 66 

What Happened at the Council Table! By J. H. Moore 66 

Spiritual Ambition. By Ira H. Frantz, 66 

Discipline and Revelation. By R. H. Miller 66 

Regeneration. Part II. By H. C. Early 67 

The Genius of Youth. By John Luke HofE 67 

The Poise of-Jesus. JBy Nora B. Stump, 68 

Larger Vision. By Archer Wallace, 68 

The Pnstor'B Study— 

The Pastor's Challenge. By Walter McDonald Kahle 70 

A Plea for Youth. By D. Howard Kciper 70 

Budget Your Time, 70 

Drop Out Because Not Fully In 70 

Tare. By Wm. J. Tinkle 70 

jme and Family— 

Don't Be a Drifter (Poem) 

What Is a Child? By Bess Royer Bates, . 

"Why It Is." By C. S. Enders 

What Arc They Reading? By Julia Graydon, . 

. . . EDITORIAL, . . . 

Concerning a Whole Gospel 

In theJast paragraph of last week's leading editorial 
we used the phrase " whole Gospel." It came in 
easily for it is a term quite familiar to our people 
and carries a beautiful idea. At least it is capable 
of. doing so. It has been much conjured with in our 
literature. It is a thought-stimulating phrase. It 
invites closer definition. 

It is not a scriptural term but the idea surely is 
Scriptural and that idea got into our history very 
early. When the Catholic, Lutheran and Reformed 
churches made peace among themselves by agreeing 
to maintain the status quo, that is, to tolerate each 
other but no religious faith outside of these three, 
they did a thing. which never set well on the fathers 
of our church. Those men insisted on the right to 
read the Bible for themselves and to search out all 
that was to be found there and follow it wherever it 
might lead. The "all things" of Matt. 28: 20 made 
a strong appeal to them. 

Who first used the phrase " whole Gospel " we do 
not know, but the deep-lying content of it has hardly 
yet dawned upon us. And though the " whole " has 
been much more stressed in our thinking than the 
"Gospel," so much so that we almost lost sight of 
that part of it, we are still quite unconscious of how 
" whole " it is. It would be impossible to emphasize 
that thought too much if we do it understandingly. 

Paul said the Gospel is the power of God. That 
is why he was not ashamed of it, whether in cultured 
Greece or in imperial Rome. It had all the resources 
of the universe behind it. Why should he not be bold 
in its proclamation ? When Jesus commissioned his 
disciples to carry his Gospel to the ends of the earth 
he said that all power in heaven and on earth was 
at his command and that he would be with them 
always. In respect to its basis, therefore, or the 
strength of its foundations, the Gospel is absolutely 
whole. Any offer of good which it carries may be 
trusted. God is back of it, in it, operating through 
it for the redemption of mankind. 

It is also a whole Gospel in the extent of its field. 
Referring again to that word of Paul about the Gos- 
pel, he said that the divine power which was resident 
in it. was effective for every one who would believe 

it, Jew or Gentile. There are no limitations of race 
or caste or class of any kind. Referring again also 
to that greater word of Jesus when he sent forth his 
ambassadors, he told them to disciple " all the nations." 
The reach of the Gospel, then, is universal. It is as 
wide as humankind. Wherever there dwells a living 
soul, there the Gospel is meant to be. It belongs there. 
In the range of its operation it is a whole Gospel. It 
takes in the whole world. » 

It is useful to note these points, although it was not 
with such thoughts in mind that the phrase was born. 
The reference was, and has been in the usage of the 
term, to the wholeness of the Gospel's demands on 
those who would embrace it. It is a whole Gospel in 
the sense that all of it is needful for salvation. No 
part of it can be neglected with safety. All of its 
commandments are binding. This is the idea above all 
others which the phrase has carried in our use of it, 
and the extent to which it has gripped the minds of 
our people can hardly be overestimated. It may well 
be regarded as the one distinctive note in our church 
thinking. No non-essentials in the Word for us. We 
want it all. 

Two aspects of this fact deserve our notice. One 
of them is the tendency to regard the Gospel primarily 
as a body of doctrines and duties, things to be be- 
lieved and things to be done, a creed and. a code. We' 
have been observing recently how very comprehensive 
and exacting the obligations of the Gospel are> and we 
shall take occasion to emphasize that fact still more, 
but it is unfortunate that we should come to think of 
this as constituting the essence of the Gospel. It 
misrepresents the genius and substance of the Gospel. 
It does violence to the root idea of the word. 

The Gospel is good news, glad tidings, the joyful 
message that salvation is at hand. It involves both 
conditions and consequences but the Gospel itself is 
neither the conditions nor the consequences. It is the 
good news that in Jesus Christ God is here, recon- 
ciling the world unto himself, welcoming men every- 
where into his loving fellowship, giving them peace 
and rest, present and eternal security against every 
evil thing. Rich and abundant life now and everlast- 
ingly is not an idle fancy, a deceitful dream, but a 
glorious fact for whosoever will. This is what made 
Paul so unashamed, so recklessly bold. This is why 
the angels sang at Bethlehem. The Gospel isn't pri- 
marily something to do. It isn't a task or a problem. 
It is a heavenly anthem of unparalleled sweetness, go- 
ing out continuously from the broadcasting station 
IHS (Jesus the Saviour of JVlen). Tunc in and get it. 

The clear recognition of this very simple truth is 
highly important, even though we may continue to 
use the word " Gospel " in a loose" and broad sense 
which includes the obligations it imposes as well as 
the good news which is the essence of it. And if any- 
one supposes that we are disposed to tone down in 
any way the severity of those demands, let him recall 
some things whichjiave been said on this page along 
that line. And let him have patience, and wait, if it 
pleases God to give further grace in this inquiry. 

One Point on the Journey 

How is that spiritual voyage coming on, brother, 
on which you embarked some years ago? One of 
the points "you set out to reach, you may remember, 
was " the knowledge of the Son of God." See Eph. 
4: 13; also Phil. 3: 10. We do not ask whether you 
have arrived. That would be an unpardonable im- 
pertinence. But are you on the way? Are you 

You can easily tell by comparing your knowledge 
of Christ with that which you had when you began. 
In what respects is your thought of him different 
now? Your understanding of what he has done for 
humanity and will yet do, as fast as he gets a chance? 
Has the vision widened? 

How is the appetite for his companionship? Do 
you seek closer acquaintance, or would you rather 
be left alone and undisturbed? Does his personality 
hold you with a firmer grip? Does the indescribable 
charm of it lure you on and on so- that you want 
to risk bolder and bolder adventures with him? 

Or don't you know him yet well enough for that? 
Would you be afraid to trust him with any more of 
your resources than you put at his command when 
you began this journey? 

But maybe you knew the whole truth about him 
then, so that your ideas, opinions, and feelings con- 
cerning him have undergone no change. And you 
have congratulated yourself on your sted fastness? 
A much brighter disciple than Paul was ! He was 
an old man and still had not arrived. But he had gone 
a long way and was still going. 

The Tried and True Ones 

"One of the most stililimc examples of Christian cour- 
age that mortal man lias ever exemplified lias been — dur- 
ing the past couple years, . . . Indeed I have won- 
dered if the good his example is doing is not part of the 
' why ' it all has been so. " 

So wrote a correspondent in a personal letter ac- 
companying a little tribute to the memory of one of 
God's faithful who had gone on before. The forego- 
ing .was said of the bereaved one who tarries on this 
side and lives and labors for the Kingdom's good. 

We like to stop occasionally in the midst of a busy 
day and spend a few minutes in quiet contemplation 
of Christian heroism of so fine a type. It revives our 
own drooping spirits and rekindles faith. Doesn't it 
help you, too, to know that out of these times so disap- 
pointing in many respects, is coming some of the 
staunchest fidelity and noblest character the world has 
known ? 

There is more of this than you had thought. Look 
for it, thank God for it and rejoice in it. 

About Doing and Standing Things 

One man we know of has made the following 
discovery about prayer. It is a means of spiritual 
power, he says, which enables a man to do anything 
that he ought to do and to stand anything that he 
ought to stand. 

What more along the power line could anybody 
wish? Isn't that just what you have been looking 
for this long time — power to get done what you ought 
to get done and power to stand what you ought to 
stand ? 

Prayer does this for you because it puts you in 
touch with all the resources of Omnipotence. It is 
the key or switch which connects you with the divine 
current. All power in heaven and on earth was 
given to Jesus, you remember. What you need is 
to keep close to him. Prayer in his name will keep 
you close to him. It will put his spirit in you and 
keep it there. That means his power, God's power, 
will be yours to do whatever you ought to do and 
to stand whatever you ought to stand. 

Isn't there something you ought to do that you 
haven't done yet? Isn't there something yon ought 
to stand that you have been saying you could not 
stand ? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENCER— January 31, 1925 


The Divine Companion 

He might have reigned in heaven 

And sat upon the throne; 
He chose instead the way of love 

And came unto his own. 

He walked the weary paths of earth 

O'er old Judea's hills; 
lie lived with men of lowly birth 

And healed their many ills. 

With patience rare he taught them there 

["ho way of life and joy; 
He bade them cast on him their care. 

I lnii lives for him employ. 

The Lord slill comes and walks with man. 

His love and peace to give; 
ll< seeks them now as he did then, 

To come to him and live. 

— 11. H. Field 

What Happened at the Council Table 


Some weeks ago we had, in the Messenger, an ar- 
ticle entitled, " Around the Council Table. " It is in- 
teresting to note the letters that have come to us about 
tlic elimination of the council table in some sections, 
and what has happened around the table at other points. 
It was our purpose to follow the former article with 
another dealing with the relation that, our people may, 
and even should, sustain to the tables around which are 
gathered those representing the leading reforms, reli- 
gious, moral and civic movements of the day. The 
country is full of such movements representing prac- 
tically every interest. Some of these movements are 
State-wide, others nation-wide and some of them world- . 
wide. Some of them deal with church union, some 
with church federation, some with temperance and 
general reform work, some relate to the growing peace 
question, and a half dozen other questions. For the 
purpose of discussing these leading questions the best 
heads in the world are gathering around the council 
tables. Have our people a place at these tables? If so, 
to what extent? It is a great question, and maybe 
some one, broadly read, will feel like grappling with it. 
But as regards this article, we feel disposed to deal 
with matter closer home. 

We have heard of an elder who likes to have church 
machinery run smoothly and steadily. He receives 
many calls for money for this, that and the other in- 
terest, from different boards, some of general and oth- 
ers of local application. All of them may be worthy 
calls, but he knows that his congregation will not stand 
for a constant drain. Not wishing to assume undue re- 
sponsibility he invites his officials, ministers, deacons 
and other elders to the council table, and there they 
pray and talk the situation over, and agree upon the 
policy which appeals to their sense of justice. The 
elder goes about his work feeling that he has the united 
sentiment of the official body with him. Then each 
official feels that he has been recognized, that he has 
listened to the view of the others, and that he had an 
opportunity of expressing his mind. The meeting 
brought all the officials closer together, helped them to 
understand each other, and so the church machinery 
runs smoothly, enabling the elder, or pastor, to bring 
about better results. 

Another elder is in charge of a large, live wire 
church. There are many faithful and aged members; a 
large body of the middle class, good workers, but the 
majority of the membership is made up of young peo- 
ple full of life and energy. As regards fruitfulness it is 
a real up-to-date congregation. The young members 
came to the conclusion however that there should be 
- an organ in the church, and decided to bring the mat- 
ter up at the next council meeting. The elder learn- 
ing the purpose of the young members called all the 
real active ones together afrd around the council table 
they talked and reasoned. The elder called their at- 
tention to the large body of exemplary old members 
who had worked hard to build up the congregation. 

making it what it was, and how an organ in church 
services would offend them, and bring to them days of 
sorrow rather than days of joy and comfort. He then 
asked these young people if it would not be a nice 
thing to drop the organ question for the present, and 
in this way avoid disturbing the peace of the church. 
To this the young members readily consented and re- 
turned home^ihinking a whole lot more of their elder 
and the devout and aged fathers and mothers than they 
had ever thought before. 

But in the course of a few years the pressure for 
the organ was becoming quite evident. Then it was 
that the elder got most of the older members together 
around the council table and told them how he had 
been laboring with the young members, and since the 
question was coming to the front again, it was up to 
them to say what should be done so as not to make 
unkind feelings. Then the aged fathers and mothers 
began to think and talk seriously about what they 
would better do under the circumstances. It was then 
and there proposed that the question should be pre- 
sented to the church in council and so it was, and now 
the old and young are working together and general 
harmony prevails. Here we find wisdom and forbear- 
ance in action. 

Another elder, or rather pastor, had to deal with 
the issue from a different angle. His congregation was 
large and wealthy, made up of the young and the aged, 
but rather more of the former than the latter. Several 
of his members had, for some months, been talking 
among themselves, about the advisability of introduc- 
ing instrumental music in the church service. Some 
were on the eve of presenting the matter to the coming 
council meeting. But one day a leading member of the 
congregation told the pastor that he was not in favor 
of discussing the question in a meeting of the members. 
His mind was for a few of the brethren to go togeth- 
er, purchase a piano, put it in the church and proceed 
to use it. He further added that he was ready to act, 
and not be long about it, and that if a few of the mem- 
bers did not approve of the instrument it would be up 
to them to create sentiment enough to remove it. 

The prudent pastor invited him to a private confer- 
ence around his council table, and an hour was spent 
discussing a policy of this sort. The thoughtless broth- 
er was shown how unkind it would be to impose upon 
any type o'f member something they could not indorse, 
and that too without an opportunity to register their 
protest. And they reasoned further that the policy 
was an underhanded, unfair and dishonorable one, and 
that it could not help but lead to discord. It would 
be a case of a few members taking the advantage of tblf 
many, by doing a questionable thing in their absence 
and under cover. In a sense it would be a case of 
trespass. And so he reasoned and told him that in 
dealing with the interest of a congregation, in matters 
pertaining to the rights of the whole membership, 
every step should be taken in the open, and that what- 
ever was done regarding this movement, or any other, 
should be done over and above board, and in keeping 
with the Golden Rule. He was shown that any 
one claiming to be governed by the Spirit of Christ 
should never think of playing an underhanded game, 
especially when dealing in sacred things. 

The brother went from his pastor's council table a 
better man, and with something worth thinking about. 
And what was done in this instance might be done in 
hundreds of others if devout men and women would 
only consent to meet and deliberate over matters of 
difference. This brother lived to see the day -when the 
members of his church could take up the question 
that had concerned him, and in the open, talk the 
matter over in a Christian-spirit. 

One might continue this story to a great length, tell- 
ing of the disappearing of the council table, and the 
unfortunate results following. In fact, from a wide- 
awake evangelist we have a letter telling of more than 
a dozen of happenings around the council tab|e or in 
the absence of the table, some to the glory of God 
and others to the discredit of the Kingdom. For the 
man who wishes to work for the things that make for 
peace there is a field as wide as the world itself. 
Sebring, Fla. 

Spiritual Ambition 


The ambition to acquire material wealth is often __ 
insatiable. The more a man gets the more he wants. 
The man who is ambitious to be rich never quite 
feels that he is rich. It is his unsatisfiedness that 
keeps him pushing on in the endeavor to add to his 
accumulations. Jn contrast to this man there is the 
other type of person who, if he has a few hundred 
dollars, feels rich. He is more conscious of his wealth 
than the man who has a million. This man spends 
his money freely while it lasts and never accumulates 

From a moral standpoint, an insatiable ambition lor 
wealth is hardly commendable. Yet, as a matter of 
fact such ambition is most likely to result in large 
acquisitions. Without it we should hardly have our 
big business and our multimillionaires. At any rate, 
the man who feels poor, especially if he feels poorer 
than he is. will not likely be a spendthrift. 

These considerations will help' us to get the logic 
of Jesus' statement: " Blessed are the poor in spirit, 
for their's is the kingdom of heaven." The man who 
feels his spiritual poverty will try to better himself, 
while he who is self-satisfied is not likely to grow 
spiritually. Just as it is not the richest man who feels 
richest, so it is not the 'most righteous man who feels 
the most righteous. And the man who is worthy 
in his own estimation does not become " rich toward 
God." He corresponds to the financial spendthrift. 
He says, " I am rich . . . and have need of noth- 
ing." He does not pray nor read the Word. He 
knows not that he is " the wretched one, and miser- 
able and poor- and blind and naked." The Pharisee 
in the temple was such an one. Unconscious of any 
sin, and very conscious of his own goodness, when 
he tried to pray he only succeeded in congratulating 
himself. It. was the publican. • unconscious of any 
goodness, and seeing only his own sins, who " went 
down to his house justified." 

While the inordinate desire for wealth amounts 
simply to selfish greed, may it not be that this is only 
a perversion of another, wholly legitimate ambition 
which leads to unselfish service— the insatiable am- 
bition for spiritual attainment? 

The average Christian is not ambitious enough in 
a spiritual way. He is too easily satisfied. When he 
makes a confession of faith and is baptized he feels 
so good that, like the man with the few hundred dol- 
lars, he never gets any farther. ■ It is only by keeping 
the goal of our ideals set far ahead, that we can keep 
growing. People who know the Man Christ Jesus 
will have no difficulty in doing this. Intimate ac- 
quaintance with him will make anyone poor in spirit. 

Paul had spiritual ambition. Faithful servant that 
he was, he yet called himself the chief of sinners. 
Even in his later life he said: " Not that I have al*- 
rcady obtained or am already made perfect ; but I 
press on, . . . Brethren, I count not myself yet 
to have laid hold ; but one thing I do, ... I 
press on." 

Bcattio, Kan. 

Discipline and Revelation 


"An Ethiopian eunuch . . . had come to Jerusalem 
for to worship. . . . and, returning, . . . read 
Esaias the prophet" (Acts 8: 27-28). 

Here is a man with a strictly disciplined religious 
life. He had come perhaps a thousand miles to wor- 
ship at Jerusalem. In harmony with a maxim of the 
rabbis, while journeying without a companion, his 
thoughts were employed in meditation on God's law-. 
It was into a strictly disciplined life that God's greater 
light shined, through the ministry of Philip. Dis- 
cipline is not opposed to revelation. 

Moses was called of God from following after the 
sheep ; David from the sheep fold ; Flisha from his 
plow. Daniel's career of prophetic statesmanship in 
Babylon took its rise from his strict personal habits 
of abstinence and devotion. Joseph's severe self- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1925 


discipline made Imn ruler of Egypt, jesus was cn- 
eagins '" a well-established habit of prayer when the 
ti^ht of God transfigured him. Paul's life under the 
law was of the very strictest sort. 

There is a notion that the inspiration of God is 
whimsical, skittish. True, his ways are high as heaven 
above us ; they are past finding out : but that does not 
keep us from knowing for a certainty that he who 
diligently and honestly orders his life in harmony 
with the highest that he sees will not always grope in 
the dark! The light of God will fall on the path of 

duty! _ 

There is another notion which has done violence to 
religious practice: "If certain acts of worship are 
not accompanied by vivid emotion, then observance 
becomes hypocrisy." Some one has observed that the 
saying of grace at meals tends to become formal, and 
has quit it. lest he should be guilty of hypocrisy. 
There is something weak and timorous in giving up 
a practice simply because of a possible downward 
tendency in it. It is the part of a man to fill his 
religious practices with life and fervor, and when " the 
winds do not blow" stay by it till they do! The 
absence of feeling does not make right-doing hypoc- 
risy ! 

Severe self-discipline is not opposed to the inspira- 
tions of heaven. Else, how came Israel to produce 
her prophets and psalmists and Puritan New England 
that galaxy of lights which has shone in every sphere 
of American life? Just as the lightning seeks out 
those objects which stand highest, so the light of God's 
revelation finds those lives which are most severely 
held to the path of duty. 
North Manchester, hid. 


II.— IU Nature 

The greatest mystery in the world is life. Death 
is only little less a mystery. .Life and death are the 
two great mysteries. All other mysteries are lost 
in these. Regeneration is the process of generating 
new life in the Spirit. The most of it, therefore, is 
unknown. Only a little of it can be told. And we 
must be content with the little known of life— its 
generation and regeneration. 

Regeneration springs from a seed cast into the 
heart. ' In fact, all births spring from a seed cast in. 
This is strictly a fundamental law. To it there is 
no exception. 

Respecting the spiritual birth Peter said: "Being 
born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorrupti- 
ble, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth 
forever.". James said: "Of his own will begat he 
us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of 
first fruits of his creatures." Jesus said in explain- 
ing how the Kingdom of God begins in the heart— 
the beginning of the new life: "So is the kingdom 
of God, as if a man should cast seed into the ground," 
and in the parable of the sower: " A sower went out 
to sow his seed." and in expounding the parable he 
said : " The seed is the word of God." The first 
thing provided in the plan for the evangelization of 
the world, is to " preach the gospel to every creature," 
or " the whole creation "—to get the seed into the 

The office of the Holy Spirit is to dispense the grace 
of the Kingdom of God to the human heart. He 
" convicts the heart of sin, and of righteousness, and 
■ of judgment," as among the first steps in laying the 
foundation of regeneration and the life to follow. 
The instrument with which he works is the Word of 
God, which is " the sword of the Spirit." In the 
conviction of the individual, when it is proven to him 
that he is a sinner and has fastened upon his heart 
and conscience the sense of guilt and condemnation, 
the heart is humbled, becomes penitent, and is prepared 
for the leadings and blessings of the Word and Spirit. 
The Spirit waters the Word, applies it with a sovereign 
hand, energizes it. enforces its message, holds up 
Jesus as the Savior of sinners "heavy laden," and 

under the mighty power of the Spirit and Word, which 
is the good seed cast into the heart, the wonderful 
change is wrought out in travail and sorrow. This 
is regeneration in spirit. 

The change of heart is the result of the influence 
and power of the Word of God and the Holy Spirit. 
We are " born, not of corruptible seed, but of incor- 
ruptible, the word of God." We are "born of the 
Spirit." We are " born, not of blood, nor of the will 
of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God." 
" We are born of God " — born of God's Word and 
his Spirit. These are the means. Without the Word 
and Spirit, there is no regeneration. There can be 
none. The importance, then, of receiving the Word 
and Spirit into the heart can not be overemphasized. 
And when the Word and Spirit enter the " honest 
and good heart," yielding to their influence, you need 
not worry about the mystery of the nature of re- 
generation. That takes care of itself. The Word 
and Spirit make men " new creatures in Christ Jesus." 
Through this marvelous " new creation " in which 
the individual is " renewed in the spirit of his mind," 
he becomes a proper subject for Christian baptism and 
church fellowship. He is baptized of water— born of 
water— and inducted into the visible church by a visi- 
ble service, and has the promise of the full and free 
graces of the Holy Spirit. 

The work of the Holy Spirit is to reveal the mean- 
ing of the Word to the heart, and in this way reveal 
Jesus and set him forth as the heart and soul of God's 
revelation to man (John 16: 13-15). When the mind 
is thus enlightened, faith and repentance become pos- 
sible, and not until then. Conviction of truth is the 
foundation of faith (10, 17), and upon this condi- 
tion we actively believe and exercise faith. The 
knowdedge of sin creates sorrow for it, and godly- 
sorrow brings forth repentance (2 Cor. 7: 9-11). 
Then baptism follows as the " washing of regeneration 
and renewing of the Holy Spirit " (Tit. 3:5), or the 
washing that belongs to regeneration and the renew- 
ing of the Holy Spirit. When a child is bom in 
nature, the first thing done is to wash it ; so when a 
child is born in spirit, the first thing done is to wash 
it, symbolically. 

Baptism does not change the heart, does not make 
it clean; it is not a water or baptismal salvation. 
Baptism is the sign and symbol of a heart changed and 
renewed by the regeneration of the Word and Spirit. 
This is itsl>lace and purpose. Change of heart hist, 
and then baptism as the symbol and seal of the inward 
change. As a symbol, baptism signifies absolution 
from sin— a washing and cleansing (Tit. 3-5; Heb. 
10: 22). The application of water in the Bible always 
signifies cleansing, purifying. Baptism signifies also 
the burial of "the old man" with his deeds and 
a resurrection to a new life (Rom. 6: 3-5; Col, 2: 

As a symbol, baptism belongs to a class of New 
Testament symbols. They were given as concrete ex- 
pressions of abstract truth. They arc as props to the 
mind that it may ascend into the realm of spiritual 
truth. They are beautiful in fitness. They make a 
beautiful service. Their value to us lies in the dis- 
covery and application of their spiritual meaning. 
Mwicie, Ind. 

The Genius of Youth 


Adolescence is a transition period. The spirit of 
youth is a permanent reality, an endless development. 
The technical period of- adolescence, comprising the 
second dozen years (12-24) in an individual's life, is 
a time for the expansion and preparation of the child 
mind to take its place in the affairs of the world. It 
is a time for the shifting and reshifting of interests 
and points of view, for adjustments and readjustments 
to the concrete life of the world, for conducting the 
individual from the unreal, play world of childhood to 
the actual, serious realm of men and ideals and 

If the individual learns his lesson during this period, 
he will have achieved the spirit of youth, which often 
defies the stubborn will of years and decades. The 
youth, whether old or young in days, regards each 
year as somewhat of a transition, a period when he 
is preparing to leave the realm of the past and enter 
a more harmonious realm of the future. Life is 
always tentative, and yet, underlying its surface there 
is an abiding continuity and permanence. The youth 
sees always new peaks to discover and better habits 
to form. In this eternal change that is taking place 
in the soul of youth is the assurance of youth's in- 
domitable changelcssness. For, in its soul there is 
a constancy of purpose, a deathless devotion to ideals, 
an undying determination to push closer to the Heart 
of the universe, an eternal urge to chart the uncharted 
and compass the uucompassed. 

Many factors might he pointed out which constitute 
the spirit of youth, lint let the following six suffice 
for our present purpose : plasticity, vivacity, spontane- 
ity, idealism, altruism and heroism. In the first place, 
youth is constant!) plastic; that is. it maintains a 
growing spirit, a teachable disposition. The learning 
process is coterminous with experience. There is 
divine discontent, not only with the racial past, hut 
with one's past career. Youth is not irreverent to 
the forefathers, hut recognizes their inferior oppor- 
lunilics and is inspired to make at least as great ad- 
vancement beyond his starting-point as they made 
beyond theirs. Youth is not enslaved by chains of 
lethargy and satisfaction to the things behind, but 
presses steadily forward to those things that are be- 
fore. Youth despises a static existence, an intellectual 
or spiritual adultism. Youth manifests an instinctive 
humility; is characterized by an unconquerable crav- 
ing to learn the unlearned and discover the undis- 
covered. Habits are not as firmly fixed in adolescence 
as later on; so (he individual learns at this time the 
secret of developing habits that are intelligent, flexible, 
growing, in order that in after life the force of habit 
may not lie something tyrannical, but a reality thai is 
truly beneficial. The danger In youth is that in its 
love of change it may lack stability and poise. This 
tendency is overcome when there is present a domi- 
nant inner purpose and a steadiness of spiritual ad- 

Furthermore, youth is characterized by vivacity. 
abounding energy and vitality, indefatigable zeal and 
earnestness. The physical vigor and solidity "I the 
young man or woman is. of course, closely bound up 
with the fact of moral and religious enthusiasm. Life 
is at its strongest, highest and best when youth is 
most dominant I whether, physically speaking, the 
period is adolescence or middle age). Ofttimes. the 
energy and zeal of youth are so overflowing that the 
resulting actions arc awkward and ungainly, lor the 
reason that there is not enough coordination between 
the muscles for the strength of the forces and instincts 
that move them. The embarrassing awkward,,,,, ol 
the adolescent boy or girl in social situations is a 
classic example of this. Because of the growing con- 
sciousness of irresistible powers and impulses wtthtn 
his soul, the youth experiences a strong executive 
tendency He feels a passion to do things and accom- 
plish big undertakings. The creative impulse, divmel) 
implanted in his nature, is asserting itself and impel- 
ling him to be a dynamic influence upon men and 
women and a reconstructing factor in the world of 
conventions and institutions. 

Another factor in the spirit of youth is spontaneity, 
which is closely allied to sincerity and the unconscious 
polarization of the self in its environment. The 
person who is stilted and affected has little in common 
with the one to whom "joy is duty and love ,S law 
The person who is afflicted with pedant,) and arti- 
fieiali.v has no kinship with the one who finds be 
„„c grand adventure an,, fills it ever with the pint 
of song Youth is filled to the overflowing with the 
ver v jov of being alive. It senses the vitalmng .ex- 
hilaration coming from the moral atmosphere ol dart} 
conduct. It is exuberant and buoyant ,. ftl respons 
,„ social situations. Its actions are not hollow tonus 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January -3 1 . 1925 

"i tinkling cymbals. They are eloquent, artistic, 
meaningful; not that they are always in perfect sym- 
metry and perspective, but that they constantly ex- 
press an elo(]uent spirit, a graceful and symmetrical 
soul. Youth does not hesitate to break established 
customs and conventions when these have lost their 
original meaning, and when they drag like lead on the 
wings of the human spirit. Youth's expanding soul 
bursts the shell of tradition when that tradition is no 
longer big enough to offer form and texture for the 
intangible inner realities. Youth feels perfectly at 
home in God's world, because both youth and the 
world havr- been made for each other. The danger 
to youth in its spontaneity is that it may be so inde- 
pendent as In lack a proper sense of propriety, cour- 
tesy, regularity, reliability. It may be fitfully sub- 
net to the impulse of the moment, but this danger is 
gone when Christ has steadied hand and heart, 

A prominent identification mark of the youth-mind 
is a dominant idealism, an exultation in the romance 
and'mystery of life. The youth is essentially a mystic ; 
he seeks to dispel the mists of materialism and com- 
mercialism which have settled down upon our static 
atmosphere by putting into more definite circulation 
the divine spirit. Youth is dissatisfied with any bond- 
age to the commonplace. Youth idealizes that which 
is lowly and of no esteem. Youth finds rhythm, meter 
and rhyme in that which to the dogmatist or the 
pragmatist is only prosaic monotony. Youth draws 
•forth from hidden sources melody which is' sweet in 
Heaven's cars. The sordid naturalism and militarism, 
which puts supreme dependence on physical force, 
the crass materialism, which has commercialized our 
press, our amusements, and even much of our edu- 
cational and our social life, are so powerful in the 
Western world that youth feels a mastering passion 
to develop a militant idealism. Youth craves to har- 
ness new moral forces and to use untapped religious 
resources in order to make a mightier onslaught upon 
the hosts of selfishness and narrowness. Youth is 
vibrant, alert, expectant ; is ever responsive to new 
powers that may be used in the deathless crusade of 
Truth. The danger to young manhood or young 
womanhood in the powers of idealism is that conduct 
may become impractical and thinking merely theoreti- 
cal, thus separating the individual from the world 
of concrete contacts by a chasm of unreality. Christ 
can rescue young life from this danger and can show 
the technique of a truly practical idealism. 

A very important' aspect of deathless youth is the 
power of altruism, together with the other social at- 
tributes. In adolescence, the social awakening is 
marked by an increasing interest in objective things, a 
broadening horizon, a deepening desire to help the 
helpless, and a growing consciousness of the worth of 
the opposite sex. In the spirit of youth, the physical 
bases of these attributes become less significant and 
the mind is socialized in a moral and spiritual way. 
Cooperation, comradeship and service are the basic 
realities in the individual's reaction to his world. The 
motives of helpfulness, kindness and unselfishness 
dominate his life. Youth's deepest desire is - for 
friendship in a friendly world. 

Another attribute of the soul of youth is the crav- 
ing for heroism, the instinctive desire to triumph over 
every difficulty, the passion to obtain freedom — free- 
dom from the bondage to self, from the bondage to 
the past, from the bondage to environment. Youth 
fakes the Lord at his word when he says: "Thou 
shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not 
make unto thee a graven image." Youth breaks to 
pieces the idols of ease, luxury and pleasure, and puts 
away the gods of conceit, complacency, indifference, 
indolence and selfishness. Just as the adolescent is 
much given to hero worship. ~so youth admires all that 
which is cast in heroic mold. At the basis of this 
is a dominant personalism. which regards the spirit 
world as a world of personalities and which looks up 
to God as Father, an intimately and tenderly personal 
Being. Youth admires the Hero-Creator and is 

The Poise of Jesus 


By porse we mean a state or quality of being bal- 
anced—a fine equilibrium of the mind and body. To 
have good poise one must be symmetrically developed, 
socially, morally, physically and mentally. This equi- 
librium shows equal balance of the mind in conflicting 
or differing motives or reasons, and thus .brings about 
fairness of judgment, and does away with suspense, 
doubt and indecision; and to the physical, poise brings 
repose, confidence and independence. 

As the artist in painting a picture gives careful 
attention to the equilibrium of his art — the equipoise 
of figures, the balancing of objects, light and shadow 
and the distribution of heat and magnetism, so must 
a character who is finely poised give attention to every 
detailed line of his development. 

In the study of character we continually find some- 
tiling lacking in one way or another that prevents that 
character from being pronounced ideal. How won- 
derful it would be to develop in ourselves a character 
that would be wholly without flaw, but in our limited 
human state that is impossible. Our good points tend 
to push beyond their ideal limitations and at once we 
become unbalanced. " Every virtue when pushed 
beyond its appointed limit becomes a vice and every 
grace under-developed becomes a defect and disfigur- 

In every line Jesus presents to us a character of, 
perfect poise. There is nothing more remarkable 
about Jesus than this perfect proportion of his nature. 

Because of this unusual-balance and unity in Jesus' 
character, it is impossible to judge him as we do others 
by throwing into the foreground features that are 
strong and likable and thus immediately casting 
shadows over the unlovely traits. The thing that 
places our Master so high above others, that puts 
him out of the ranks of commonness, is the fact that 
in him no trait of character was more highly developed 
than another, and no defects can be found. He was 
perfectly, divinely human, making a " perfect whole- 
ness " from wdiich we can draw and receive, and 
toward which we can continually strive ; yet he will 
ever stand as our true ideal and standard — ever a guid- 
ing star to lead us onward and upward. 

This unrivalled poise in Jesus is seen most clearly 
in his conduct. He always lived in confusion and 
uproar. • Men tried to trap him time after time. They 
did their best to upset him, but never could. Never 
with one word or act did Jesus show that he was 
ruffled or bewildered in the feast. He continually 
remained the Master of every situation— ever an 
undisputed Conqueror. 

as well as to gain strength and guidance from the 
Heavenly Father. His love for being alone is very- 
evident, it must have been in these hours that he 
gained power for this wonderful composure that gave 
him so much influence among men. 

During Jesus' trial nothingjs more disconcerting 
to his opponents than his calmness. His silence was 
remarkable, and his answers caused men to shrink " 
away in fear. Even under the most unrighteous ac- 
cusation he stood erect, unmoved and unmovable. 

In all the years of his public ministry no one of 
his enemies was able to catch him in his speech— 
not even by unfairness or falsehood could they bring 
nut a hasty word or an unchristian act. 

Jesus was emotional and enthusiastic but never 
fanatical or hysterical. He was sympathetic, loving 
and kind but never sentimental. He was wonderfully 
tender yet under many conditions was stern and un- 
bending. He was courageous, brave and fearless but 
never reckless or cowardly. He was unique, religious 
and pious yet not eccentric, sanctimonious or super- l 
stitious. His enthusiasm and determination never 
developed into fanaticism or obstinacy. 

"Jesus was never disconcerted or bewildered, nor 
did he ever lose presence of mind in the most difficult 
or dangerous situations. Rather in times of trial 
there was a heightening of his serenity of mind; for 
trial and sorrow made a stronger appeal to his faith. . 
which was always responsive. His habitual trust 
in the Father ennobled him in every hour of impend- 
ing agony." 

Not one of his virtues was ever overgrown or 
dwarfed, but all bloomed out to perfection and he_ 
makes a picture of beauty, symmetry and absolute 

It is jmpossible to draw the conclusion that his poise 
was other than divine; and because of this lus influ- 
ence has come down through the ages. Today men 
look to him for guidance, instruction and inspiration 
and nothing in all the- world gives satisfaction to in- 
dividuals as does Jesus. 

His wonderful poise, with his many other beautiful 
traits of character, point to him as the perfect Being 
to which men are drawn with a power unparalleled 
through the ages. 

Chicago, 111. 

inspired to make its own conduct admirably 
Chicago, 111. 


This wonderful poise began to show when Jesus 
was in the temple at the age of twelve when men 
were astonished at his answers. Later, during evil 
allurements, unlawful convictions, interruptions and 
cunning words Jesus answered calmly; he waved his 
enemies aside by scripture quotations and .answers 
wisely and quickly thought out. Jesus was sure of 
himself in handling men; he was capable in picking 
out and dealing with the precise thing needing to be 
handled at the moment. He was wonderfully lining 
and sympathetic, yet rigid, firm and unbending. 

Jesus always saw things, as they were, never in a 
distorted, concealed or conventional manner. He was 
conscious of the smallest details as well as the great 
things of life. He was wonderfully individualistic 
and idealistic, yet did not fail to regard each individual 
for himself. He became angry, yet he did not sin. 
His mercy would not be so full of meaning were it 
not for this wonderful capacity, for anger which he 
controlled and made a glorious feature of his char- 
acter; it is one of the powers by which he worked. 

Another feature that is striking in his conduct is. 
the fact that he took time to rest ; be never became" 
excited or impatient to finish a task. He was the 
busiest man who ever lived, his work was hard and 
prolonged, and he entered into it with zest and en- 
thusiasm, yet he took time to rest anil relax physically 

Larger Vision 


When William Carey, the great missionaryto India, 
was a cobbler, mending shoes in the little town of Ket- 
tering, he kept hanging on the wall of his workshop a 
map of the world. What a wonderfully interesting 
picture that suggests. A man, spending most of his 
waking hours in a room ten feet square, but all the 
while thinking of the whole world. 

No doubt one of the functions of all true religion is 
to make men broad-minded. There is so much in life 
—especially in a busy life— that narrows human inter- 
est. Paul wrote that Demas had forsaken him because 
he loved the present world. That is the trouble with 
the world ; it always seems so present, so real. Spirit- 
ual tilings seem elusive. The force of all temptation 
lies just there. What did that map on the wall do for 
the cobbler? It took him, in mind at least, beyond that 
tiny room. It made him think of others; others who 
needed God, and whom God loved. It prevented him 
from being hemmed in by a ten-foot room. 

.True religion enables people to live not by sight but 
by faith. It reminds them that the things which are 
seen are temporal hut the things which are not seen are 
eternal. The late Rev. Dr. Jowett once told of a little 
girl who one night sat by the side of her mother who 
was knitting. Night was coming on, and one by one 
the stars came out. Every now and then, the mother 
looked away from her knitting to the distant stars. 
" Why do you keep looking out of the window, moth- 
er?" asked the -child; The mother replied, "I look 
away to rest my eyes, and get a larger vision." 

Toronto. Canada. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1925 


Our Forward Movement 

Edited by J. W. Lear 

■al Dirt-dor ot the Council oi Promoti 


Provoking Unto Good Works 

By request we had been publishing from week to 
week the record we have on file of the giving of the 
churches of our Brotherhood for the past four years. 
You will have noticed that we discontinued publishing 
these records. We did so because a few objections 
were filed and we want to respect the feelings and 
judgment of our friends unless that act would entail 
serious loss to the cause we love. 

Our purpose in publishing the records was two-fold. 
First, it gave out information which we believed 
would make interesting and helpful reading. Second, 
we thought it might stimulate all of us to give more 
liberally to promote "the church of the living God 
which is the pillar and ground of the truth." 

The writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews evidently 
had something of the same thing in mind when he 
wro'e, " Let us consider one another to provoke unto 
love and good works." And if Paul wrote this letter 
he simply admonished the brethren to do what lie 
himself did once and again. 

For instance, in 2 ■ Cor. 11:8-9, he writes: "I 
robbed other churches, taking wages of them that I 
might minister unto you; and when I was present 
with you and was in want, I was not a burden on any 
man ; for the brethren, when they came from Mac- 
edonia, supplied the measure of my want." Paul evi- 
dently meant to say that " other churches " gave 
more than was necessary for his support when he 
labored with them, that they actually supported him 
while he was working other fields, and he is using 
the history of the benevolence of other churches in 
order to increase the spirit of liberality in the Corin- 
thian members. On account of their failure to give- 
as they should for the support of the work, Paul had 
reason to fear for the loyalty of the church at Corinth. 
He had no thought of discouraging Corinth nor of 
Mattering the " other churches " but by contrast he 
would use the liberality of some to increase liberality 
in others. 

Now Paul was not doing this contrasting simply to 
get money out of folks. Certainly he wanted believers 
to give, and to give liberally, but he wanted them to 
get the spiritual blessing that may accompany the act. 
What a beautiful side light on this idea in Philpp. 4: 
14-17: " Howbeit ye did well that ye had fellowship 
with my affliction. And ye yourselves also know, ye 
Philippians, that in the beginning of the Gospel when 
I departed from Macedonia, no church had fellow- 
ship with me in the matter of giving and receiving 
but ye only ; for even in Thessalonica ye sent once 
and again unto my need. Not that I seek for the 
gift; but I seek for the fruit that hxcreaseth to your 
account." While the money helped to supply his 
temporal necessities and thus worked for the further- 
ance of the Gospel, Paul emphasized most of all the 
rewards for giving when the act is properly motivated. 

This desire on the part of Paul to make giving not 
simply a matter of gathering- funds but rather a sys- 
tem of building character inspired him to say to the 
Corinthians: "I thought it necessary, therefore, to 
entreat the brethren, that they would go before unto 
you, and make up beforehand your a fore-promised 
bounty, that the same might be ready as a matter of 
bounty [blessing], and not of extortion [covetous- 
ness]." Paul was not writing to "shame" nor to 
flatter believers and thus increase their gifts, but to 
so instruct that the increased gifts might carry the 
blessing of the givers and produce in the giver added 
capacity for joy. 

In so far as we deal with the question of money 
or possessions on this page the motive lies just here, 
that as we endeavor to provoke larger gifts for which 
there is ever increasing need, we may so teach as 
to increase our knowledge of God and human need, 
our love for God and humanity and our willingness 

to obey < Jod by serving humanity. All of this in order 
that our -ills may be donations of free will rather 
than collections of regret. 

I gave my life for tllCC; 

My precious biood I shed, 
That thou mights) ransomed be 

Ami quickened from the dead. 
I gave. I gave my life for thee; 
What hast thou given for me? 

" Inasmuch as ye did it unto the least of these my 
brethren, ye did it unto me."— Jesus. 

night you are going to die and of what value to your 
soul is the bounty of your barns and granaries?" 

"So is he who lays up treasures for himself- and 
is not rich toward God." — Jesus. 

" Take heed and beware of covetousness for a man's 
life consistcth not in the abundance of things which 
he |MJssesseth."— Jesus. 

A Spiritual Tragedy 

A WEALTH* man had a very large farm and he 
had brought it to a high state of cultivation. He 
had come to be a very prosperous farmer. This year 
Providence sent most favorable weather conditions 
and this gentleman at harvest time was bothered aboul 
storing the bountiful yield, lie had hoarded from 
previous years, and now with barns and granaries 
already full, he was disturbed about the handling of 
his present bounteous yield. 

Just how long he comnunicd with himself I do not 
know. Neither do I know how much he investigated 
probable avenues of investment, But he finally satis- 
fied his mind and maybe his conscience that he had 
best enlarge his buildings sufficiently to store this 
crop also. So he ordered the carpenters to make out 
plans and specifications and to immediately provide 
for housing his crop. 

This successful business man. highly respected in 
the community for his business sagacity, fell a degree 
of pride and satisfaction as he managed the harvest- 
ing of this bumper crop, lie could not desist from 
talking to himself about it and he congratulated him- 
self with the fact that he could now retire, live at 
ease the rest of bis days, and feast upon the stored 
provisions that his business acumen had made pos- 

At times he saw soiile of bis I'ellovv-men in real need 
and occasionally be was moved with compassion, but 
then he decided that these fellows were to blame for 
their poverty and that if they would have been alert 
and frugal as was he they also would have plenty. 
Some information filtered into the community con- 
cerning a whole continent'of unfortunate folks. They 
were living in filth, superstition and ignorance. It 
was also noised around that a group of people in the 
community were sending teachers and doctors into 
this continent to bring the knowledge of a better way. 
The farmer was almost persuaded to inquire into this 
project with the idea of doing something to help it 
on. But on further reflection he decided that likely 
these people were not worth helping, that the folks 
who were overseeing the project might not use this 
money properly, and that any way he might need it 
all to carry out the elaborate program he had planned 
for the future. 

About this time, the wealthy farmer sickened. Me 
was very sick. His family was very uneasy about him 
and sent for the .family physician. He came, gave a 
hurried examination, called^ the wife aside and told 
her he would like the privilege of calling in another 
physician for consultation. The face of tbe doctor 
alarmed the sick man. He realized his case was seri- 
ous. He thought about his plans for the future but 
they seemed so far away. Closer in came the needy 
people to whom h'e might have administered. He 
remembered one of the old prophets had revealed 
God as saying: " I will give thee the heathen for thine 
inheritance and the uttermost parts of the earth for 
thy possssion." One by one these opportunities for 
investment that promised eternal reward passed in 
solemn procession before him. He was sinking rapid- 
ly. His conscience troubled him sorely. A voice now 
spoke as if audibly saying, " Foolish man. this very 

Mission Notes 

A t, utter has just been received from Sister 
Swartz in India. She is recovering nicely. Both 
she and the doctors feel the Lord alone is to be 
praised for her recovery, after three months of most 
serious illness. 

We are glad that the mission deficit has been 
lowered to $25,334.90. Both good business and Chris- 
tianity would suggest that we try to close the year's 
accounts with the balance in favor of the Lord's 
work, if we can. Let us pray and do accordingly. 

Bro. Bright sends most cheering news from Ping 
Ting, China. Seventy-one were recently baptized. He 
says they came from all walks of life; also that tbe 
native Christians arc most active in leading their 
friends to Christ. This makes about 115 baptisms 
at this station this summer. 

Calvin Bright, Feme Sollenbcrger and Edna Vani- 
man, three of the fine children of our missionaries, 
were recently baptized by our Chinese pastor at Ping 
Ting. Perhaps these are the very first of our own 
people to l>e baptized by a Chinese brother in our own 

While the wars in China have caused inconven- 
iences, they have also opened new doors, Some of our 
workers feel thai a "mass movement" toward Chris- 
tianity is imminent, ll would be a pity if we fail 
to do our part in such days of opportunity. Let us 
be praying for wisdom and courage to meet tbe needs 
as God may open doors for our entrance. 

Bro. Ira Moomaw of Vyara, India, is recovering 
from a series of attacks of illness. First il was 
malaria, and this was followed by influenza. More 
recently a slight attack of bronchitis-pneumonia 
brought him to Bulsar for the special care of the 
doctors to hasten bis full recovery. Do not forget 
to pray for our missionaries that they may be given 
strength of mind and body to meet the tasks they face. 

We are always impressed with the deep and sacri- 
ficial interest shown in missions by the shut-ins and 
the isolated members. From a mother in Israel who 
shares her living we have just received a letter with 
money enclosed. What a sacred task to handle these 
consecrated dollars for the Lord! May God carry 
the spirit of this mother's heart to those who adminis- 
ter it in Christian service— whether it be in the city 
street or the mountain side of a distant land. 

, ^ . r. d. b. 


The annual Bible Institute will be held in I.a Verne 
College, Calif., Feb. 1 to 8; day sessions in tbe college 
chapel and evening sessions in the church. Sunday, Feb 
1, 9:45, Sunday-school; 11 o'clock, sermon by J. B. Em- 
mert ; 6 P. M.. Christian Workers and a sermon by Ed- 
gar Rothrock. Each day at <> : 30 A. M-, chapel. 

The following speakers will have regular periods each 
day, Monday lo Saturday inclusive: Ezra Flory (except 
Monday) on Week-Day Religious Education, 10 : 10. 
Brother and Sister B. S. Haugh at 11 : 05, music. J. S. Zim- 
merman. Bible Lesson, 1 : 55 P. M. Ezra Flory on Religious 
Pedagogy at 2:50 P. M., Wednesday to Saturday inclu- 
sive; lectures at 8:15 Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. 

Other speakers are: Ellis M. Studebaker, with an ad- 
dress at 10:10 on Monday and Bible Lessons Monday 
and Tuesday at 7:30 P. M. W. I. T. Hoover, Foundation 
Principles of Civilization, Feb. 2. 2:50 P. M. J. S. Noff- 
singer, lectures Friday and Saturday at 7:30 P. M. J. W. 
Lear, Stewardship and Missions, and Financing a Church 
Program, Friday and Saturday at 8:15 P. M. Sunday, 
Feb. & regular services with sermons by J. W. Lear and 
Edgar Rothrock. E. M. Studebaker. 

La Verne, Calif- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1925 


The Pastor's Challenge 


[r- every life is invariably disposed to make a sacri- 
fice at some point in its circle of interest, and if out- 
point of sacrifice always exerts a deciding influence 
mi all cii the relations of life whether they he between 
man and man or between man and God, then it seems 
quite evident that Romans 12: 1 is a matter of first 
importance in the life of every Christian. When we 
consider [he status of the Church of the Brethren 
al this lime, and especially her missionary program, 
it becomes, even more evident that our denomination 
is seriously in need of a practical application of this 
great principle of Christian life. A further fact is 
also very obvious: and that is. that it is incumbent 
nu every minister in our church that he exert every 
possible energy at his disposal to create constructive 
thought in the minds and hearts of our members with 
reference to spiritual sacrifice, not because our mem- 
bers do not know how to make sacrifice, "but because 
our missionary situation clearly indicates that we are 
not making our sacrifice at the proper point, or that 
the proper point of sacrifice is not dominating in out- 

This brings us to a point where we must very 
definitely determine just what spiritual sacrifice is. 
and what it involves, or otherwise our thought molding 
will be in vain. Every life makes a sacrifice at some 
point, and in every case it is either in favor of our 
physical ink-rests, our mental self, our social program, 
or of our spiritual life or the spiritual life of others. 
The first type of sacrifice is a physical sacrifice and 
the latter a distinctly spiritual one. As a matter of 
I act every form of sacrifice may make its contribu- 
tion lo our spiritual interests, but to do so our dominat- 
ing point of sacrifice must be in the interests of the 
spiritual life. livery home builder must sacrifice for 
the physical welfare of that home, and likewise for 
its mental ami social interests, but no home can claim 
to be a Christian home unless its outstanding interest 
as indicated by its sacrificial program is a spiritual 
interest. Every denomination has its various interests 
and responsibilities and it is perfectly legitimate that 
each interest receive its proportionate share of atten- 
tion and sacrifice, but when the missionary program 
of any church or of any denomination becomes at 
all uncertain then the spiritual life of that church or 
of that denomination is inevitably and seriously jeop- 
ardized. That our missionary program is very uncer- 
tain no thoughtful minister or pastor questions, and 
that we need a careful and wholesome application of 
Romans 12: 1 seems to be just as obvious to me. 

But how shall we ever persuade our people to shift 
their point of sacrifice to that happy place where the 
kingdom of God shall come first? Many things may 
be done, but a few things must be done ; and the bur- 
den of responsibility is largely on the shoulders of 
the thought builders of our church. In the first place, 
the thought of saving souls must be made the domi- 
nating thought of the Church of the Brethren. It 
must be a world-visioned__thought. too. Then the 
thought of sacrifice in the interest of soul saving must 
be made another dominating thought in our denomina- 
tion. Again we must bring our people to see that 
the problem of personal salvation is inseparably related 
to the two above thoughts. We are saved to serve 
and that service must always definitely contribute 
to the saving of others. And then we simply must 
bring our people to see that Romans 12: 1 can never 
become a reality as long as our daily influence and our 
daily income is exempt. A mere membership with a 
formal observance of a few peculiar doctrines and a 
conservative attendance at the house of God when this 
does not conflict with other interests is pure mockery 
and a glaring insult to the goodness of God and wholly 
out of place in the Church of the Brethren. A plan 
of action must be worked out in our various churches 
winch shall have the approval of our denomination 

as a whole and the support of our members as fast 
as thought can be molded in that direction. This 
plan should encourage a consecration of daily living 
and a division of daily income in keeping with the 
teaching of the Word of God. If a man is a fanner, 
merchant, teacher or a day laborer his daily influence 
should be distinctly Christian, and his income for 
that day should be proportionately shared with God, 
so that his money as well as the influence of his char- 
acter shall constantly contribute to the salvation of 

And. finally, our ministers and pastors must take 
the lead in this matter of living and giving. The 
presenting of " your bodies as a living sacrifice " must 
have its beginning as well as its sustaining example 
in our ministry. It is fine to preach a live sermon 
on our missionary dilemma, but the sermon never 
measures up to Romans 12: 1 until the preacher has 
put his share of actual coin into the mission funds 
of his church, and that share should always be a sacri- 
ficial share given in a liberal way. If the spirit of 
unity and of cooperation which is so often referred 
to in our fraternity can be brought practically into 
play around this great scripture then the idea of 
emergency offerings will become a thing of the past 
in a very happy sense of the term, and into our lives - 
as well as into the life of our church shall come a 
sense of courage, and strength, and purpose, and hon- 
est joy which shall make 'the Christian life to be. as 
it should be, the highest and the happiest life possible. 
Daleville, Va. 

The past generation may be to blame, the vo'uth maj 
be at fault, but let us do our part trusting in the 
God of whom we all are children through the gift 
of his Son. 

Princeton, N. J. 


A Plea for the Youth 


Every age has its pet themes. These arc flaunted 
in newspapers and magazines, and through films and 
public speech until more striking ones take their places. 
An outstanding one of today is "the flapper youth " 
It is not uncommon to find it in the columns of re- 
ligious magazines. No one can deny the urgent need 
for the Christian churches to wake up to the appalling 
conditions that obtain in the ranks of the young the 
country over. It is especially urgent in view of the 
general opinion of the past generation, " that unmar- 
ried people would not make steady church members." 
A young man in the church in the days of some of 
our elder brethren was almost a prodigy. At the same 
time there is a temptation to follow the passion of the 
age and decry in undue proportions -the moral status 
of the youth. It is true that we are confronted with 
a serious problem and that statistics show an "increase 
in criminality and a tendency toward the indecent in 
literature and dress; but let us not forget that in the 
Christian churches of today we can find a goodly 
number of young men and young women who have 
"not bowed the knee to Baal." We have, in the 
lonely places of our country, boys and girls who are 
doing a great work along Christian lines. By the 
strength of the young weak churches are being built 
up, the moral conditions of communities are being 
transformed, and the young people themselves are be- 
ing fitted for a larger service. All this has resulted 
because a handful of boys and girls have refused to 
lay down the armor and quit. There is a. brand of 
Christian fortitude and heroism being displayed by a 
" small band of the young whose hearts God has 
touched" that would gladden the most pessimistic if 
they could see it. 

The most Christian thing-to do is to view the facts 
with candor. They are good and they are bad. - An 
arraignment of the young or one of the old will not 
remove one speck troin the sin-stained record of any 
man. An earnest effort toward an understanding of 
the young will become us all, and at the same time 
will encourage our young people. Let us work with 
them and let them work. 

The Church of the Brethren can be proud of her 
young people. Our colleges and training schools are 
filled. Men and women are devoting their time to 
the training of the youth of the church with splendid 
results. Let us stop scolding each other concerning 
the terrible conditions that are everywhere pointed out. 

Budget Your Time 

hould budget our time. We should apportion 
it, live with some definiteness of schedule beyond that 
forced upon us for our livelihood. The elements of 
tragedy in a misspent life are not so often carousal 
and criminality as they are trifling and aimlessness. 
Killing time is treated as a popular sport, but it is 
murder in the first degree. Let us confess : many of 
life's duties are taken up only when destiny seizes 
us by the throat and compels us to them ; we are like 
prisoners working only under the lash or the bayonet- 
prod of necessity. Working under pressure we ac- 
complish more in a day than in a week with all pres- 
sure of necessity removed. Do we think to thank 
God for the impulsion of a regular daily task which 
like the escapement of a clock keeps us steadily at 
our job.' It is a snare of the minister that he so 
seldom has a definitely-ordered routine prescribed to 
him beyond his Sunday and prayer meeting services. . 
He may loaf if he will; and if he make a schedule 
for himself it is likely to be shot full of holes by the 
unscheduled demands that come to him, so that his 
life becomes simply the resultant of his interruptions. 
The only relief will be in a budgeting of his time which . 
will he not too rigid yet insistent enough to provide 
for an irreducible minimum of. necessary things, with 

large margins for emergencies and incalculables. 

The Baptist. , . , 

Drop Out Because Not Fully In 

Why members drift away from the churches is 
a question which an observant pastor answers by 
harking back to file day of their admission, v He feels 
that an unhappy proportion of persons, who join the 
church are never conscious of having been really 
brought inside anything. This seems to him to apply 
especially to the children and young folks who so 
frequently come into membership simply because " the 
rest of the bunch" are joining. Such recruits are not 
held in later years because nothing etches itself into 
their memory to emphasize with any abiding signifi- 
cance the day when their names were placed on the 
church roll. And this, says this critic, is due to " the 
manner of their reception at the hands of many pas- 
tors. No preparation is made for this great step. The 
reception ceremony is often given in a desultory and 
perfunctory way, which makes no impression on the 
incoming member of the importance of the step that 
he is taking. Reception into church membership 
should be so well prepared for, so impressive, so 
thoroughgoing, that it shall be a day never to be for- 
gotten." — Continent. 



Some time ago we ordered a new microscope for 
our school. It came in a big box "with a large 
amount of excelsior packing around it. When I took 
the "microscope out I found it was not very big and 
perhaps weighed less than the tare, i. e., the box and 
packing. But it was an excellent instrument, and 
as the tare was needed to protect it there was no 

The life of the Christian is like that package. The 
useful part is what we do to help our Master save 
souls. But we must also look after the welfare of 
ourselves and our families. We need food, clothing, 
and homes. Providing for ourselves takes much time, 
probably more than what we can give to Christ's 
Kingdom. But there will be no complaint from the 
Master if within this maze, of work there is valuable 
time devoted to the welfare of souls. On the other 
hand, what if the package of our lives contains noth- 
ing but tare? 

Muntie, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1925 



Don't Be a Drifter 

Don't be a drifter! Breast the stream 

And struggle for a worthy dream. 

Be one of those with standards high 

Who dare to do and dare to try. 

Too many merely drift along, 

Helpless when danger's wing grows strong! 

Tossed by the currents here and there; 

Held in the eddies of despair; 

Bruised by the rocks they might evade 

Were they not all too lightly swayed. 

Don't be a drifter! Shape a plan 
And have som.e purpose as a man. 
Be not content, as many arc, 
To go without a guiding star. 
Swayed by the faithless whims of chance, 
Fate's puppets, at her nod to dance, 
But in the distance set your goal 
And fight for it with all your soul. 
Keep some objective worth your while. 
Thotifeli fortune frown on you or smile. 

Don't be a drifter! join the few 
Who seek life's real tasks to do. 
Strike out where deeper water flows, 
And breast the stream with manly blows. 
The shallows and the coves beware, 
Too many barques are broken there. 
The rocks and tangled branches- lie 
To catch the driftwood floating by, 
But he who fights against the stream 
Some day shall reach his port of dream. 

— Edgar A. Guest. 

What Is a Child? 


A certain amount of courage is required to dis- 
cuss such a subject, for as soon as the relationship 
between parents and children is brought up, there are 
those who will say ; 

" Wait until her children are old'. She will learn." 
Or again : He has no children ; he knows how to 
raise them." This remark is only the reverse of an- 
other commonly heard: "My children are all grown 
up now. I know nothing about raising them. Ask 
some one who has none." 

These observations really mean that the relationship 
between parents and children is a very serious one, 
one that has always caused heartache and disappoint- 
ment to children as well as parents. Therefore he 
who dares make a suggestion about it opens himself 
up to a bombardment of criticism and I told you so's 
from every side. But does not the very importance 
of the question require that each one give of his own 
store of experience freely, share his thoughts even 
though they be mistaken ones? For only by doing 
so can light be shed on this perplexity. 

Immediately the question, "What is a child?" 
arises. What is this tiny being entering homes under 
such varying conditions, filling parents' lives with joy 
and trouble? There goes bright-faced seven-year-old 
Tommy down the street on his new bicycle, the pride 
of his -parents' life, filling the neighbors with fear 
and apprehension, worshipped by his clog with a devo- 
tion equaled only by that of his grandparents. What 
is this vigorous piece of flesh and blood which causes 
so much concern on all sides? 

The other day two girls left the high school at noon 
and were not heard from for several days. At last 
they were found by truant officers fifty miles from 
home. They were on a hike to see the world and 
had slept in barns and gotten food as they could. 
They did not want to return home. The father of 
one said : " I can't understand why Mary left home. 
We give her everything. She has all that she could 
possibly want/' 

A fourteen-year-old boy left his home of wealth 
and pleasure to see the world in a trading schooner 
where work and hardship would be his lot. His par- 
ents cried : " We have given him everything he could 
want. How can he leave his home?" 

Some months ago, a boy who was soon to inherit 

enormous farms, dropped his work at the university 
where he had gone to finish his education and returned 
home, greatly to the disappointment of his mother 
who was very ambitious for him. She complained: 
" I have done everything possible for Aubrey, and 
now he refuses to accept an education. Children are 

A younganother said: " My girls shan't wash dishes 
the way I did when I was a girl. 1 detested it and 
do yet." She is washing the dishes while the girls 
play or stand about watching her. 

Is there a parent who has not said : " See what 
J have done for my children " ? And again, " My 
children have it better dvan 1 had it when I was a 

From this testimony it appears that children are 
given to parents to be petted, to receive gifts, to be 
guarded from the bitter winds of pain, perhaps to 
be told what is right and what is wrong, but certainly 
to be protected from distinguishing right from wrong. 
If this be the case, then a child is a sort of toy 
that must be kept polished and clean for fear the paint 
will become dull or scratched on its surface, a toy to 
be" enjoyed but to be carefully put out of the bright 
sunlight, or peradventure, even a toy might come to 
have too much knowledge of a wicked world. 

Now, providing our toy child accepts the role laid 
down by doting parents and does not walk away from 
school to see the wicked world at first hand, or run 
off for a voyage on a ship or otherwise declare in- 
dependence, what will become of it when toy days 
are- over, when parents are old or dead, and when 
upon its shoulders unmarred by any scratch of re- 
sponsibility or trouble the burdens of adult life are 
sudenly dropped? Is 'the boy going to know how 
to make a living and arrange his life in comfortable 
--grooves of work and pleasure? Will the girl under- 
stand the duties of wifehood and motherhood so thai 
she can discover her own happy nook in life? Is it 
not quite apparent that children are not toys, but 
embryo men and women who will all too soon take 
their parents' places? If this be true, should they 
not be treated as such from the very moment they 
enter the home bringing with them a piece of the 
joy of heaven? 

Love, even love for children, may be selfish; and 
what unhappiness it can bring! There is no humilia- 
tion deeper than that of the father over the mistakes 
of a son. Neither can a wound sting more bitingiy 
than the cruel thrusts in a mother's heart caused by 
the waywardness of a beloved daughter. Perhaps 
this is because parents hold the fate of their children 
in their hands, in a measure, and therefore when 
children fail, parents fail with them, and fail because 
they have loved unwisely. That is the cause of the 
cries of pain on every hand : 

" My child has gone wrong. He is ungrateful. 
And I gave him everything." 

As long as children are guarded unwisely from 
the consequences of their own small mistakes, and 
as long as they are treated as toys to be fondled 
and saved carefully instead of as budding adults these 
cries will continue. 

Here is an illustration, of just what guarding a 
child unwisely from the consequences of its own 
mistakes can mean and one which any teacher or 
school' principal can verify many times out of fits 
own experience: The end of the school year is ap- 
proaching and John is failing in one or two subjects, 
due, usually, to his own indifference, or perhaps to 
conditions over which neither he, his parents nor the 
teacher has any control. Be that as it may, the point 
is that John is failing and the time comes for parent 
and teacher to meet to discuss ways and means of 
helping the situation. Almost invariably that parent 
brings every pressure possible to bear on the teacher 
to give Tohn a grade whether he has earned it or not. 
Some parents openly beg, some pull political strings, 
some threaten adroitly, but the plea is, give John a 
grade. Why not give John the grade he deserves, 
and if that is not right, work to find the cause and 
remedy? But no, John must have his grade whether 

he earns it or not so that he and the family are saved 
from disgrace. Of course John is not going to do 
any more work than he has to to get that grade, and 
he is pretty sure to know just how much he has to 
do. Ah ! it is so much easier to cover up mistakes, 
to hide them away in dark crevices; never, certainly, 
to bring them to the light where they can be examined 
and corrected. 

Just what sort of respect will John have for the 
parent who attempts to bully a passing mark from 
the teacher? What will that parent do when the 
lime comes that he cannot smooth over John's mis- 
takes and cover them up? What will John do in that 
fatal hour? 

Would it not then be wise to regard children from 
their babyhood as independent beings, who are given 
us to guide into understanding of the responsibilities 
of adult life? We may become bewildered as were 
Mary and Joseph when their divine Child stayed be- 
hind in tiie temple " about my Father's business," but 
he grew in " wisdom and stature and in favor with 
Cod and men " by so doing. Cod loved his own 
Son so much that he did not spare him Calvary, for 
without Calvary Christ could not have experienced 
the glories of the resurrection. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

"Why It Is" 


It is said that while she was dean of women at 
Northwestern University Frances Willard made it a 
practice to gather the girls into her "room one evening 
each week and talk to them informally on all sorts 
of subjects relating to personal character and conduct, 
and the girls who were privileged to he in this group 
never forgot her sage bits of advice. 

Often she would "bring home" a hit of excellent 
advice or a sound truth in a unique or " striking " 
manner which made an indelible impression on her 
hearers. One evening, while the group were discuss- 
ing the matter of dress she remarked: 

"If you have to look twice at a collar to see whether 
it's clean enough to wear, discard it at once. If you're 
in doubt whether it's dirty — why it is. Follow that 
rule and you will never be found wearing any article 
of apparel which is not in keeping with a refined 

Half-soiled collars and cuffs are sure to show a 
lack of care in personal habits which arc prone to 
reflect unfavorably on the character of the wearer. 

But the beneficial lesson should not stop there. 
It should teach us that the thing which is of doubt- 
ful nature should be considered as unfit for the Chris- 
tian to enter into or touch. "Whatsoever is not of 
faith is sin." If we think a thing may be wrong, 
" why it is," would be a safe conclusion. 

Newport, Pa. . » . 

What Are They Reading? 


In a certain book called "Leaves in the Wind," 
the author says: " Murder is the sole business of the 
world-and lust is its proper pastime. Take a glance 
at any book stall and note the garbage which lines its 
shelves. Dip iitto the morass of the popular Sundaj 
newspapers with their millions of circulation and see 
the broth of foulness in which the great public take 
their weekly intellectual bath." 

When Children's Book Week is observed, the atten- 
tion of parents is called to good books for children. 
The religious publishers are doing all they can to stem 
the tide of evil literature and are supplying helpful 
literature to take its,place. If you would give your 
children the best, watch for the religious publications 
and you will not go wrong. 

I am thankful every day of my life that my parents 
put only the best books into my hands as a child. 
Don't you want your child to be thankful for such 

Harrxsburg, Pa. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 31, 1925 


Calendar for Sunday, February 1 

Sunday-school Lesson, The Vine and the Branches.— 
John IS: Ml. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Conscience.— Prov. 2ti : 27 ; 
Acts 13:20. ... # # t> 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Five additions to the Bcllwood church, Pa. 

Six baptisms in the Blue River church. I ml. 

Three baptisms in the Guthrie church. Okla. 

Two baptisms in the Harrisburg church, Pa. 

Four baptisms in the South James River church, N. Dak. 

Thirteen were baptized and two reclaimed in llic Frcstiu 
church. Calif, 

Two baptisms in the Richland church, Pa.,— Bro. J, P. 
Merkey, of Rchrersburg, Pa., evangelist. 

Fifteen were received into the Roaring Spring church. 
Pa„— Bro. A. C. Miller, the pastor, in charge. 

Thirteen baptisms in the Pine Creek church., 111.- 
Brothcr and Sister S. /.. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evangel- 

Four were baptized anil one reclaimed In the Richland 
church, Ohio,— Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evan- 
Kdist. -, ... ... . 

ire tlic burden 
pray for the 

Our Evangelists 


Bro. David H. Si 
n the Akron ehurc 
Bro. O. P. 

he Blue Rii 

[ these i 
der, of Akron, Pa, 
:hurch, Pa, 

Haines, of Lima, Ohio, 
r church, Ind, 


to begin March 


to begin Fe 
, Pa., to begin Feb. 
to begin 


i be- 

Bro. Rufu. P. Bud,,...-, of Quarryvilli 
1 in the Harrisburg church, Pa. 

Bro. John R. Snyder